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THE BffllY GLOBE
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401. TEMPLE COURT BUILDING, NEW
WASHINGTON BUREAU. 1405 F ST N. W.
Complete flies of the Globe alt ays kept
on hand for reference.
WEATHER FOR TODAY.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.— Forecast for Tues
day: Minnesota— Fair, preceded by local
thunder storms in southern portion; variable
winds; cooler in southeast portion.
South Dakota— Fair, followed by local
showers; cooler; northerly winds becoming
North Dakota— Generally fair; cooler in
southern portions; variable winds.
Wisconsin— Partly cloudy weather; condi
tions favorable for local showers; cooler in
northeast portion; light to fresh variable
winds. _, , .
Montana— Light local showers; partly cloudy
weather; northwesterly winds; warmer in
western, cooler in eastern portions.
United States Department of Agriculture,
Weather Bureau. Washington, Aug. 3, 6:48
p. m. Local Time, 8 p. m. 75th Meridian
Time.— Observations taken at the same mo
ment of time at all stations.
Place. Tern. Place. Tern.
St. Paul 88 Winnipeg 72
Duluth ..86 ;
Huron 90 Bismarck 86-90
Bismarck 86 Boston 74-80
Williston 80 Buffalo 72-96
Havre 76 Cheyenne 72-86
Helena -..62 Chicago 80-86
Edmonton 62 Cincinnati 82-86
Battleford 70 Helena 62-76
Prince Albert 62 Montreal 72-82
Calgary 70 New Orleans ....84-90
Medicine Hat 78 New York 74-78
Swift Current 74 Pittsburg 76-84
Qu'Appelle 70 Winnipeg ........72-80
Barometer, 29.76; thermometer, 78; relative
humidity, 68; wind; south; weather, partly
cloudy; maximum thermometer, 88; minimum
thermometer, 67; daily range. 21; amount of
rainfall in last twenty-four hours, .10.
RIVER AT 8 A. M.
Gauge Danger Height of
Reading. Line. Water. Change.
St Paul 14 1.8 0.0
La Crosse 10 2.3 0.0
Davenport 15 2.8 — 0.4
St- Louis 30 15.1 *0.4
Note — Barometer corrected for temperature
and elevation. P. F. Lyons, Observer.
THE GOVERNING THREE PER CENT
The best laid plans of men go as
"aft aglee" in politics and govern
ments as in Individual affairs. The
beautiful theory encounters conditions
In practice that make results far other
than those expected. Instances of this
abound In the development in opera
tion of the theories of the framers of
the constitution. The presidential
elector, Instead of being the wise, sa
gacious, responsible agent, calmly and
judiciously surveying the national
field and choosing the man for presi
dent whose character and abilities
make him the fittest for that office,
is a mere automaton to register the de
crees of a plurality of the voters con
firming the choice of their delegates
made after a consideration of almost
everything except fitness. So with the
theory that the people are the self
governing governors, each individual
a sovereign, zealous in the discharge
of his duties as a citizen and jealous
of his prerogatives.
The brutally demolishing fact, utter
ly indifferent to fine theories, is that
so far from being a self-governing
people we are governed by a very
small fraction of the voters and they,
usually, of the class least fitted to
rule. To be sure there is a preserva
tion of the shadow of the theory In
the formality of the making up of the
ballot of the elector at the polls, but
for whom or for what he shall vote
ls prearranged for him by an insigni
ficant number of his fellow citizens.
It does not necessarily follow that Re
publican institutions have broken down
because this condition has developed
in the practical operation of the uni
versal suffrage, but it does demon
strate very conclusively that there is
a law of development in governments
quite as immutable as that under
Wwhlch the race itself has been
No one has studied the practical
working of our plan of government
either as an observer or a "worker,"
but will concede that the whole di
rection of all public affairs is con
trolled by no more than three out of
every hundred voters. This is due
primarily, to the fact that politics,
which has come to be almost entirely
a matter of office getting and holding,
attracts very few men. The office no
longer seeks the man, but is caught
by the man who most determinedly
and shrewdly pursues it. For this,
men have aptitudes as they have for
any vocation. It requires as special
faculties as do painting, poetry or suc
cessful merchandising. There must be
tact, skill in manipulation, alert judg
ment, a keen scent for what is popular
and what not, combined with a pliancy
of conscience that admits of a care
lessness in the matter of principles
and conviction, of means to ends.
There must be the commercial sense
that looks on place as an investment
into which one can put his money as
another puts his Into real estate or
These faculties are possessed by not
more than three men out of each hun
dred voters. They form our governing
Three Per Cents. In the precinct they
are tiie ones who attend rellgiously
the primaries and arc very often the
only onos there. Tn the city or county
they are the men who meet, consult,
plan, pick out the delegates, select
candidates. As we rise in the scale
of relative importance of the offices
th** 1 proportional number fieer.__.-5,
but it is still tie mere handful who
gul_e and co^tro'.. Usuu._y anions
these there is the master mind, but
oftener the final action is a compro
mise, a giving and taking, a division
of the spoils. Subordinate to the Three
Per Cents are their faithful servitors,
possessors in less degree of aptitude
for political management, but having
enough to be useful in carrying our
orders. But, including all these the
whole will not exceed the proportion
stated. The remainder of the voters,
except the twenty-five per cent who
never vote, think that the whole duty
of man to his country is fully per
formed if they get warmed up during
a campaign, dispute with their neigh
bors, join a club, contribute a little
money, disseminate misinformation,
religiously believe that the country's
salvation is in the keeping of their
party, and that all others are bent on
its destruction. They are mere pup
pets dancing as their masters, the
Three Per Cents, pull the strings.
IN A NUTSHELL.
To the Editor of the Globe.
There being a wide difference of opinion
upon the following questions will you please
answer them in plain, easily understood
words? First— Should the "free and unlimited
coinage of gold and silver at the present ra
tio of 16 to 1" be carried into effect, could
the owner of a quantity of silver bullion
take his bullion to the United States govern
ment mint and in exchange for each 412.5
grains of standard silver (371.25 grains of
pure silver) receive a coined silver dollar
without giving the mint any equivalent for
the difference between the market value of the
silver bullion and the fiat value stamped on
the dollar coin he receives, or would he be re
quired to give the mint a sufficient quantity
of silver bullion, in excess of the 371.25
grains of pure silver, to be at the market
price worth the one dollar stamped on the
Second — If the owner of silver bullion be
enabled to obtain, from the mint, a coined
silver dollar for 371.25 grains of pure silver,
worth at the present market value 53 cents,
without giving an equivalent for the differ
ence j_f 47 cents, will not every farmer and
laboring man. whose source of income is his
brain and muscle, be compelled to contribute
his share towards making up that difference,
by paying higher prices for what he buys,
or in other words, be compelled to submit to
giving the owner of silver mines and bullion
an additional profit of 47 cents on each dol
lar, by legislation, instead of by the natural
law of supply and demand?
— E. E. Hughson.
St. Paul, Aug. 3, 1896.
We are indebted to Mr. Hughson for
the foregoing communication, which
expresses in very terse form the facts
of the situation. Thus baldly stated, it
makes the reader rub his eyes to see
if it be possible that anybody outside
of those directly interested in the sil
ver mining industry can support a
proposition so hostile to the public
good and to fairness between man and
Answering the first question, we say
that the owner of silver bullion can
deposit 371% grains of pure silver at
any United States mint and receive in
exchange, without any charge what
ever, a coined silver dollar, which
any creditor of his must accept in
payment for a dollar of debt The
difference between the bullion value
of the coin and the value stamped
upon its face represents the private
profit of the owner of the bullion, and
not one dollar of it, under free coinage
as now proposed, would go to the gov
ernment. The fiat Is a gift to the
bonanza mine owner.
Answering the second question, Mr.
Hughson is perfectly correct in his
understanding that the difference of
47 cents in each dollar, which now ex
ists between market value and fiat
value, is a contribution that must be
made up by the labor and capital of
this country. The difference would
probably be not quite so great, for sil
ver would be likely to rise a little in
price. There would still be, however,
a great gap to be filled. Every work
ing man would pay his share of the bo
nus in the increased price that he
must pay for everything purchased.
Every capitalist would pay his share
in the uncertainties and disasters that
must fall upon the business world.
We do not believe that any more
monstrous proposition was ever pre
sented to a people tham this one which
contemplates an enormous bonus to a
few hundred individuals in this coun
try; among the leaders being million
aires who put a gold clause into all
their private contracts, and who re
quire this bonus to be made up prin
cipally out of the increased expenses
of the wage workers of the nation. If
these come to understand the situation
thoroughly, as it is so simply and
forcibly stated in the above letter, and
as we believe they will see it before
next November, there will be precious
little left of Mr. Bryan and his free
The members of the People's party
who secured the nomination of Mr.
Bryan at St. Louis must be of the
opinion by this time that the Demo
cratic leaders have appropriated the
carcass of the beast and left for their
Populistic allies only the hide, horns
and hoofs. The reference made to the
situation by Chairman Jones, of the
so-called Democratic national commit
tee, is uncomplimentary, to say the
least. It was only by nominating
Watson, of Georgia, for vice president,
naming him before Mr. Bryan was in
dorsed, that the majority of the Peo
ple's party convention could be held
together on the fusion basis. Now Mr.
Jones calmly repudiates Mr. Watson
and all his works. He says that he
does not see how Mr. Bryan can form
ally accept the People's party nom
ination. He was nominated with Mr.
Sewall, and any act discriminating
against that gentleman would be too
obvious a breach of faith for even the
Chicago platform to cover. As to pos
sible reprisals by the disappointed Pop
ulists, Mr. Jones snaps his finger at
them and bids them go tc the realms
of everlasting woe. He says that they
cannot help themselves. Their conven
tion has acted and adjourned and can
not be got together again. Their cen
tral committee would not dare depose
Mr. Bryan, and he does not think that
the party masses would obey if ordered
not to vote for him. He closes his in
terview with a particularly pleasant
reference to the People's party In the
South as consisting only of men who
are "out for the spoils."
We congratulate the Populists of the
country on the bargain that they have
made. They are snubbed and held up
to the ridicule and scorn of the country
by the very mat! whom they permitted
to run their convention in the interests
of the Chicago ticket aad platform.
Hnving jot all that they expected
from the SL Louis gathering, these men
THE SXSmT PAiUI, GLOBE: TUESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1896 T.
say to the straightout Populists, "Go
to." The People's party has
three months in which to find out, If
it can, what it has got out of the deal.
After November, that Is the conun
drum upon which he may continue to
ponder, but not alone. It will have
THE LAW IN THE CASE.
To the Editor of the Globe.
Kindly publish the law under which the
gold reserve was established and main
tained. Also, the law under which the pres
ident issues bonds. Was this latter law
questioned as being unconstitutional, and
by whom? —John Burns,
2315 Central avenue, Minneapolis, Minn.
There is no law requiring the main
tenance of a gold reserve. The prac
tice of so doing was established by Mr.
Sherman, as secretary of the treasury.
When congress, by law, forbade the
further retirement of the greenbacks,
leaving outstanding $346,000,000 of them
in perpetual circulation, the treasury
had to consider the problem of making
sure their redemption and keeping
them at par by holding a certain re
serve in the treasury to be used in re
deeming them on demand. This is a
problem in banking. Every banker has
to keep on hand a certain amount of
ready cash to settle with the deposit
ors who chance to want their money.
The treasury decided that it ought to
have on hand $100,000,000 in gold to
maintain the parity of the green
back with their money, and
all subsequent secretaries have ob
served the same practice. It is a regu
lation for safety, dictated by general
experience, but not established by law.
Replying to the second question,
bonds are not issued by the president,
but by the secretary of the treasury.
The law under which Mr. Carlisle has
issued bonds during this administra-
tion was approved Jan. 14, 1875, and
is what is commonly known as an act
to provide for the resumption of spe
cie payments. One clause of this law
reads as follows:
And to enable the secretary of the treas
ury to prepare and provide for the redemp
tion in this act, authorized or required, he
is authorized to use any surplus revenues
from time to time in the treasury not other
wise appropriated, and to issue, sell and dis
pose of, at not less than par, in coin either of
the descriptions of bonds of the United States
described in the act of congress approved
July 14, 1870, entitled, "An act to authorize
the refunding of the national debt," with
like qualities, privileges and exemptions, to
the extent necessary to carry this act into
full effect, and to use the proceeds thereof
for the purposes aforesaid.
This is the authorization of the issue
and sale of bonds by the treasury to
maintain the parity of our different
forms of currency, and has never been
repealed. The act referred to as giv
ing the description of bonds is of date
July 14, 1870, and authorizes the secre
tary of the treasury to issue bonds
payable in ten years and bearing 5
per cent interest, or bonds payable in
fifteen years and bearing 4% per cent
interest, or bonds payable in thirty
years and bearing 4 per cent interest.
Any secretary of the treasury may,
therefore, for the purpose of maintain
ing specie payments, issue and sell
bonds of either of these three descrip
tions. The constitutionality of this law
has never been questioned by any re
putable authority, as far as we are
THE CART BEFORE THE HORSE.
Notwithstanding the patient but mis
directed efforts of the Globe to en
lighten its facile contemporary down at
New Ulm, the latter still per
sists in asserting that after
national conventions have spoken
the law is writ for every mem
ber of the party to obey, although, as
if a shade of doubt had flitted across
the editor's mind as he wrote this,
he says that "principles and platforms
are or ought to be the formulated sen
timent of the people." From these
rather confused premises the News con
cludes that if a convention depart from
principles the dissenters, if honorable
men, will leave the party represented
by the convention. In this particular
case the objectors will have to leave
the Democratic party; and if the editor
of the News lays down the law cor
rectly, there are a number of Demo
crats who will be obliged to him if
he can direct them where to go. They
take their principles with them, of
course, and Insist that they are those
of Democracy and will remain such
even if the party organization aban
dons them. Testing all parties by
these principles they find none that
they are in full sympathy with. So per
force they must remain at a loss unless
the Diogenes of the News will lend
them his lantern and lead them by its
kindly light into some safe haven.
But In saj dng that "principles" should
be whatever may happen to be the
presently "formulated sentiment of the
people," does not the editor of the News
get his cart ahead of his horse? Does
sentiment follow principles or does
principle precede sentiment? Why is
one man a Democrat and another a
Republican except that his political
sentiments are based on the principles
of his party, adopted and established
long before he was capable of enter
taining any sentiment? The News
would hardly say that the law of
gravity should be whatever the "form
ulated sentiment" of the people declar
ed it should be, and yet this is pre
cisely what he says is the case in the
domain of politics. Our conception is
that the fundamental principles of a
party are its absolute, immutable and
unchangeable law, to which conven
tions and individuals must yield obe
dience. For instance and illustration:
It ls a principle of Democracy that no
special privileges should be granted to
any one, because such Is not a proper
use of the power of government. Sup
pose that a Democratic national con
vention should declare that it would be
the policy of the party to exempt ac
cumulated wealth from bearing any
share of the burden of government; or,
j again, suppose it should declare that
| the farmers of this country were en
j titled to a bounty of JI a hun
dred pounds on the beef or butter pro
duced by them, would the News insist
that Democrats were bound to accept
] that as a law? Or suppose that the
1 sentiment of the members of the party
| had been "formulated" to accept such
j propositions as party policies, would
j the News forthwith Insist that they
were based on Democratic principles?
Which leads around to our contention
that the law of a party is to be found
in the fundamental principles of the
party, Its plan and scheme of govern
ment, what It ls for, its limitations,
and not in the declarations of any con
vention, save as they accord with
We apprehend th it the News does not
perceive the maze Into which its opin
ions lead; and, anyway, the Globe
proposes to remain Democratic, to ad
vocate policies enlivened with Demo
ocratic principles, confident that the
great mass of the voters will return to
them as the prodigal son came back to
his paternal home. We will be there
to bid them welcome, our friend, the
News, among them.
A COMMON MISTAKE.
Listening to discussions of the money
question on the streets or wherever else
half a dozen men may happen to be
gathered together, one ls amazed at the
tenacity and violence with which state
ments are made and maintained which
have not even the color of fact. It is
only thus that we are able to measure,
first, the extent of popular ignorance
concerning our present currency and
currency laws; and, second, the effect
of falsehoods that have been circulated
actively among the people by persons
either totally uninformed, or malicious
ly determired to create prejudice by
obscuring the fact. Thus, there is an
enormous number of persons support
ing the free silver side who will tell
you that the silver dollar is not a
full legal tender.
A conversation overheard yesterday
on a street ear disclosed the presence
of an apparently intelligent man, ex
cedingly vigorous in giving his opin
ions, who pinned his faith to the prop
osition that the silver dollar is not a
legal tender in sums of more than five
or ten dollars — he was not quite cer
tain which This gentleman and many
like him have confused the status of
our subsidiary silver with that of the
silver dollar. The half-dollar, the
quarter-dollar and the dime are legal
tender in sums not to exceed ten dol
lars. The smaller silver coins are legal
tender in sums not to exceed five dol
lars. As to the standard dollar, the act
of 1878, after providing for its coinage,
and stipulating its weight, says:
"Which coins, together with all silver
dollars heretofore coined by the United
States, of like weight and fineness,
shall be legal tender at their nominal
value for all debts and dues, public
and private, except where otherwise
expressly stipulated in the contract."
The silver men have sometimes made
the absurd pretense that this conclud
ing clause limits the legal tender qual
ity of the standard dollar. It, of course,
does nothing of the sort. It simply pre
serves the freedom of contract. If a
man contracts to pay another twenty
gold dollars, or twenty Alderney cows,
or twenty bushels of wheat, or any
other specified amount of particularly
defined commodities, he must discharge
his contract according to the letter.
But if he has agreed to pay simply
twenty dollars, the standard silver dol
lar is a complete legal tender in pay
ment of the debt. We feel it worth
while to repeat these familiar facts,
because there are still found so many
persons ignorant of them.
Senator Nelson loyally joins in derid
ing the Wilson bill as a free trade
measure when its author, in introduc
ing it, apologized for the overdose of
protection in it, and in charging lt
with a responsibility for the panic of
1893. Yet it was this same senator
who, in 1889, declared that he was in
favor of giving the people cheaper
clothing, cheaper fuel and cheaper
shelter — cheaper because relieved of
the burden of unjust taxation. He now
contends that, because they were given
cheaper clothing, fuel and shelter, the
industrial and manufacturing world
was frightened and "both capital and
labor were driven out of active em
ployment!," Thus the senator joins
Mr. McKinley, Senator Thurston and
the Republican press in slapping the
Democrats to whom they appeal to
come to the assistance of the panic
stricken Republicans. Give us a Dem
ocrat to vote for.
Senator Nelson's Fergus Falls
speech, filling twelve columns of solid
nonpareil, was, we are told, Intended
by him to be "a quiet talk" to a club,
consented to by him "provided the
meeting should be Just a quiet one of
the club and its friends." If it takes
twelve columns to contain "just a
quiet talk," what quantity of space
will it take to hold his set campaign
Where the engine thrills and the white steam
Your eyes as you hurry by.
With brow austere, the enginner
Sits resting quietly.
His face Is dark, but a glowing spark
Lights up his eye so keen.
He has naught to ask; he has done his task,
And has done it well, I ween.
Or, perhaps, before, 'mid rush and roar.
Lies the hardest run in the land.
He must clench his teeth, set lips beneath,
And take his life in his hand.
But his head Is clear — he knows no fear,
And, clasping the throttle-bar,
He cleaves the dark, as the soaring lark
Mounts up to the clouds afar.
But deep in his thought he forgetteth naught
Of his overburd'ning care.
The smile on his lip is the gay wave-tip
That the solemn oceans bear.
He would rather far, at the throttle-bar,
Quiver with death's alarm.
Than that any soul under his control
Should come to the slightest harm.
And so through the night and the sweet day
Our grimy heroes stand.
With a million men in their keeping, when
They dash across the land.
They have sped through flame, where no
Save that their brave hands brought.
And they fell at their post counUng life well
For the rescue they had wrought.
They may think us cold— those hearts of gold!—
But silent lips may hide
A soul of flame, which fain would claim
Bays for these heroes tried.
And whenever I pass the engine-glass,
Through its shining pane I peer,
And breathe a prayer for the brave man
God bless the engineer!
— Kate Upson Clark.
Tbe Missouri Democratic Convention
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., Aug. 3— The ad
vance guard of the delegates to the Democratic
state convention, which meets here on Wednes
day, have arrived and opened headquarters.
Nearly all the candidates have arrived and
have established headquarters. The silver men
will control the convention by an overwhelm
ing majority. A strong effort ls being made
to defeat Lon V. Stephens for governor.
Washington's Possible Governor.
SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 3.— Hon. William
A. Xewall, of Olympia, has been tendered
the Republican nomination for governor. He
was formerly a member of congress from
New Jersey. He is a physician, and was on
the floor of the house when John Quincy
Adams was stricken with his fatal illness,
February, 1848, and attended him.
FlO WE SYMPATHY
MEN "WHO STRUCK TO HELP THE
CLEVELAND STRIKER!. HAVE
THEY WILL RFTURN TO WORK.
EIGHTY-SEVEN OP THEM
STAYED OUT JUST ONE
MASTER WORKMAN'S DECLARATION
He Announce- It to Be the Duty
Ot the Strikers to Prepare to
CLEVELAND, Aug. 3.— A1l of the
men who struck today out of sympathy
with the Brown strikers decided to re
turn to work tomorrow morning and it
is not believed the strike will spread
unless the Central Labor union takes
a hand in the trouble. A meeting of
the Brown strikers was held this af
ternoon at which Master Workman
James O'Connell made a speech in
which he declared that the agreement
between the Brown company and the
j strikers had been misunderstood; that
it was interpreted one way by the com
pany and a different way by the men.
He is reported to have said that the
battle now on would be watched with
interest by the labor world. "The
mayor, police and tin soldiers," he de
clared, "have armed to crush us. We
have a duty to perform— that of self
The authorities are fully prepared
for trouble and squads of militia were
stationed in various parts of the city
this afternoon to prevent trouble when
the non-union men were taken to their
THE SYMPATHETIC END.
CLEVELAND, 0., Aug. 3.— The labor
situation in this city is again at a
critical stage today. One hundred and
fifty non-union men went to work at
the Brown Hoisting works this morn
ing. They were guarded by four com
panies of militia and a large force of
police. A big crowd of union men were
present, but no outbreak occurred.
The police and soldiers kept the strik
ers moving and would not permit them
to stand in one place more than a few
The big sympathetic strike move
ment which has been threatened ever
since the strike at the Brown com
pany's works began eleven weeks ago
was inaugurated this morning. Eighty
seven men employed by the Van Wag
ner & Williams company, hardware
manufacturers, laid down their tools
and walked out of the works. The men
said their only grievance was the
strike of the Brown company's men,
and that employes of other concerns
would soon follow their lead. Com
mittees were sent out to other factor
ies along the lake shore to notify the
men that they were called out on
m — :
AS TO A THIRD TICKET.
Hour ke (ockran Amplifies His State
ment of Sunday.
NEW YORK, Aug. 3.-The Hon.
Bourke Cockran was asked today lf he
would support a third ticket if one were
nominated, notwithstanding the views
expressed in his interview published
today. He said: "If a convention be
held, at which all Democrats can be
represented, who, believing that the
party has been betrayed at Chicago,
are determined that its principles shall
not perish for lack of efficient organiza
tion, and if a free interchange of
opinion be had among its members, I
should be strongly inclined to accept
its decision, whatever it might be. I
think it more important that the Demo
cratic opponents of Mr. Bryan should
be united in one movement than that
any particular form of opposition
should be adopted.
"By the way," said Mr. Cockran, "in
the comments on my interview pub
lished this morning, I notice a singular
misapprehension on the part of some
newspapers. It is assumed that the
plan suggested by me contemplated
merely the assembling of a convention
which would adopt a genuinely Demo
cratic platform, nominate McKinley
electors, and stop there. When I said
that Democrats meeting in such a con
vention as I suggested, 'while nominat
ing McKinley electors, would provide
for a really Democratic opposition .to
the McKinley administration during
the period of its existence,' I thought
it would be clear that I meant a sub
stantial and effective opposition. Such
an opposition could find an expression
nowhere but in congress, and lt could,
therefore, be maintained only by bring
ing those Democrats who, in the face
of treason and cowardice, remain un
yielding and unterrified, into a new or
ganization which would nominate can
didates for state officers, for congress
and for the state legislature in every
state where the existing organization
had denounced the ancient creed of
the party by indorsing the Populists
platform and candidate. Every Demo
crat who refuses to support the Chi
cago platform regards the defeat of the
absurd propositions for which Mr.
Bryan stands as the paramount issue
of the campaign, and since the simplest
and most effective method of accom
plishing that result Is to nominate Mc-
Kinley electors, I believe in following
ALTGELD WANTS NOTHING.
Says He Was Not Promised Nor
Would He Accept Cabinet Oflice.
CHICAGO, Aug. 3.— Gov. Altgeld as
serted this morning when he reached
Chicago that he would positively ac
cept no national office. He said he had
no desire to be attorney general In Mr.
Bryan's cabinet, and declared there
was no truth whatsoever In the story
that he had made a bargain with Mr.
Bryan to receive the portfolio, in re
turn for the support of the Illinois
delegation in the convention.
"There ls not a single thing in the
gift of the president that I would want
or would consider for a moment," he
said this morning, with characteristic
"The whole matter is utterly absurd
"You may say, moreover," he con
tinued, "that not a single one of the
candidates whose names were before
the convention were, so far as I am
aware, approached with any such
offers or agreements, as this one which
is said to have been made for me with
"The men who composed that con
vention were not there to squabble over
spoils; they were fighting for principle."
THE SILENT MAN.
Bryan Is Developing*: Into a Veri
LINCOLN, Neb., Aug. 3.— Mr. Bryan
tonight declined to be interviewed on
the rumor that he will decline the
Populist nomination. "I have nothing
to add," he said, "to the statement
which I gave out at the close of the
Mr. Bryan today announced a change
in his trip East. Instead of leaving
here Friday evening over the Burling
ton, he will leave at 2:05 p. m, Friday
afternoon, over the Rock Island, and
1 will reach Dec Moines about 0 a'clook
the same evening. He will stay over
night in Dcs Moines, where a recep
tion has been planned. The change
was made at the Importunity of friends
in that city. The party will include
Mr. and Mrs. Bryan, Hon. and Mrs.
R. P. Bland and press representatives.
They will leave Dcs Moines about 7
a. m., Saturday reaching Chicago at
7:30 p m. They will remain in Chicago
until 11:30 p. m. Sunday, at which time
they will start East over the Pennsyl
vania, as originally contemplated.
JONES GETS TO WORK,
He Confers With Gorman, "Who
Wota't Be Chairman.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 3.— Chairman
Jones, of the Democratic national com
mittee, who arrived last night, began
his labors today on the accumulation
of campaign work which awaited him.
He took temporary quarters in Sena
tor Faulkner's private office at the con
gressional committee headquarters.
Soon after his arrival, he was joined
by Senator Gorman, Senator Stewart
and Messrs. Berret and Norris, of
Washington. Mr. Norris having been
until yesterday a member of the na
tional committee. The conference
lasted half an hour, and the gentle
men present separated to meet again
at the capitol at noon. No information
was given as to the subjects discussed,
except that Mr. Jones was going over
a number of details. A report was
current about the headquarters that
Mr. Gorman would be a member of the
executive committee, and possibly its
chairman. There was no verification
of the report, but the presence of Mr.
Gorman added to the comment in that
Chairman Jones busied himself all
spare moments, with the mass of mail.
An official connected with the com
mittee says the correspondence is un
precedented. One of the veterans on
the committee said that in his service
of twenty-five years he had never seen
such a public interest in affairs, and
he claimed that the letters received
showed considerable Republican de
fection from McKinley due to silver.
Mr. Gorman joined Chairman Jones
at the capitol shortly after noon, where
they were together in the committee
room on appropriation for three hours.
At the close of the extended talk Mr.
Jones said there was nothing to be
made public. Mr. Gorman was asked
as to the current report that he would
be on the executive committee and pos
sibly its chairman. He authorized the
statement that he would not take any
chairmanship under any circum
"It is the same now as in 1888 and
1892," he said, "when I gave every aid
in my power to Mr. Whitney and Mr.
Harrity, but would not take a chair
manship. In the present campaign I
will aid Senator Jones in every way
possible, but under no circumstances
would I assume the duties of chair
man of the executive committee."
When asked as to whether he would
be a member of the committee Mr.
Gorman replied that the chairman was
practically the committee.
FUSION IN KANSAS.
A Plan Evolved That Ma. Make It
TOPEKA, Kas., Aug. 3.— Apropos of
the question of fusion in Kansas of
Democrats and Populists, the Demo
cratic leaders have partially mapped
out a plan. Their state convention
will be held at Hutchinson, on Tuesday
next, while that of the Populists will
convene at Abilene on the following
day. The Hutchinson convention will
be organized, it is said, In the usual
way, and then ex-United States Sen
ator John Martin will introduce a
resolution setting forth the situation
and providing for the appointment of
a committee to confer with the Popu
lists in regard to a fusion arrange
s*; ent. If the conference committee
adopt the Harris fusion plan, which
provided for the naming of electors by
the Democrats and state officers by
the Populists, it is believed the Demo
cratic convention will not meet the
■WILL BREAK THE SOLID SOUTH.
Senator Bruce Says the Republicans
"Will Do It.
CANTON, 0., Aug. 3.— Hon. B. K. Bruce,
of Everton, Miss., ex-United States senator,
called on Qo . McKinley today. Senator Bruce
has been register of the treasury and recorder
of deeds at Washington. He eaid: "The out
look for Gov. McKinley and the Republican
party is highiy encouraging in the South. He
will carry West Virginia, Maryland, North
Carolina, Tennessee and Kentucky, besides
making galas in other Southern states. The
Democratic politicians in the Southern states
have until recently been able to keep the
South solid. Hereafter you will find the pro
gressive element of the South taking such ac
tion as will advance the material prosperity
of that section. They want a protective tariff
that will build up that section; that will in
vite the manufacturers and will do for the
states what it has done for the Great North,
East and West. They look upon Maj. Mc-
Kinley as the apostle of protection. They
also want sound money Instead of depreciated
silver dollars. They regard Maj McKinley
as the embodiment of that Idea also. The col
ored voters of the country, both North and
South, are enthusiastically supporting Maj.
McKinley. They know him to be their friend.
There has not been a single public issue
touching the rights of the colored people for
the last quarter of a century In which he has
not shown his Interest in their behalf."
TALK ON TAP.
Bryan Is Preparing: Some "Extem
LINCOLN, Neb., Aug. 3.— Last night Mr.
and Mrs. Bryan worked several hours in the
library. Mrs. Bryan has taken charge ot the
correspondence, leaving Mr. Bryan to devote
himself almost wholly to the work of pre
paring the speeches for the coming trip.
Pending the official notification, Mr. Bryan,
on the suggestion of Senator Jones, has so
far as possible avoided all heavy political
discussions in his speeches. Immediately af
ter the meeting In New York, and possibly
on his way East, he will plunge into the
consideration of the issues of the campaign,
and he will be prepared to speak several
times a day if necessary.
They Are Preparing to Fuse With
HUTCHINSON. Kas., Aug. 3.— Democratic
leaders have already begun gathering for the
state convention, which will open tomorrow.
There has been absolutely no talk regarding
the personnel of the state ticket. Interest is
completely absorbed in the probable action of
the joint committee which will be appointed
by the Democratic and Populist conventions
to arrange for fusion. All of the Democratic
leaders believe that fusion on some basts will
result, but as to Just what that basis will be
no one is willing to venture a guess today.
The Honest Money Men Will Hold
DES MOINES, la.. Aug. 3.— The gold stand
ard Democrats will meet here In state conven
tion tomorrow and are beginning to assem
ble. Col. L. M. Martin, of Marshalltown, in
whose name the call waa issued, arrived to
day. He stated that the call was issued on
short notice and only a few of the leaders
were expected to attend. He said various
plans had been sugested but none decided
upon. They propose, however, to keep a gold
standard Democratic party organization in
Connecticut Sound Money Men.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Aug. 3.— At a meet
ing of prominent gold standard Democrat* of
Connecticut, e&clj congressional district being
represented, he'd in this city today for the
purpose of appointing delegates to the gold
standard Democratic meeting to Be held at
Indianapolis Aug. 7, the following were
chosen delegates: Hon. Joseph A. Sparry,
New Haven; Judge Charles O. Root, of Wat
orbury, and Hon. David A. Wells, of Nor
Gold Committeemen _«.'ki_.
CHICAGO, Aug. B.— At ft meeting of the
Democratic stats central committee today, ths
gold (standard members of that oic-viUaUon
all resigned, excepting Ben T. Ca. It», Ths
changes are as follows: A. 8. Trud* to ■«*•
c.ed John P. Hopkins, Carter H, Mtu-rißn.
to su-wo^d R, W. flpangler, f, W. Hg.ill
to suod_4 W, S. . orman, -i, W. I"fc_.iait
to _u£>_.d Ben T. P-hl- , removed, A. Jon*.
to sue .aed A. A. Goodrich,
To the Editor of the Globe. k-
In the Globe editorial, "Let Us Go to
the Bottom," of Saturday, there occurs this
expression: "The price of money is the in
terest rate." Can it not find a place tor that
quotation after Its equal rights motto at the _r
head of Us "Financial Forum" and let it /
fly to the breeze all summer as its principal _,
If we are paying a price for anything, ls it
not acordlng to our every-day instincts to Ini
quire into the merits of the article and sea _
that we are not being defrauded? Does no. ?*> —
the horse sense of the mono, or bimetallist de
mand that much of them; and, as for thesa
fellows that are taking to the woods what
can be the matter with them jf they have not
become suspicious? .
The postscript to the letter of your corre^
spondent, McLeod, seems to have a peculiar
bearing upon this subject, for he affirms
that he knows of nothing on earth posses
sing the quality of invariability of value ab
solutely. If not, then why should we pay
a price for a quality not possessed? Is not v, ~~
this a fraud imposed upon us? Is not that
the purpose designed for the dollar?
It also suggests the question, is it not about
time that something put in an appearance oa
this earth that does possess the quality of
absolute invariability of values in definite
Are values more elusive than the electrio
current? Yet the volt represents a definite *
and invariable quantity of this from of en
Must we forever remain the victims of a
system of measures that does not measure in
the only field where human life comes with
in the range of mea.sa_.able things while
in every other field things have been com
pelled to yield to the two great esar -ntials of
measures— definiteness and inflexibilit v-have
we not a reason for taking to the woods?
Minneapolis, Aug. 3. /
To the Editor of the Globe ~"
In reply to Mr. True Democrat, of Chas
ka, allow me to say that our. was no "vil
lage convention." No, the city of Chaska
was represented in the Waconia convention V
by such men as L. K. Sexton, A. T. Faber
r_, _ *_ an ,. othei *s. all of whom worked!
voted and talked for free silver, Bryan the
Chicago platform and anti-Lawler resolutions.
VVe said that our position was being in
dorsed and we feel as though we were Jus
tified m so doing because the conventions of —
Carver Scott, Sibley. Hennepin and oth^l >_
n?_T-T._ th^ Chicago Platform and disap- V_.
proved the action of the bolters. *
—J. W. Craven. (
A SOUND MONEY - DEMOCRAT.
(Dedicated to the Sound Money Club of St. f
t. -. Paul.)
I m a Democrat born.
And my case is forlorn
Since my party was sold out to silver. ~"
1 ney have taken my name
And have put me to shame-^-
But they can't make me vote for free silver.
I have read or the raid
When the Lord was betrayed **. *
By a thief for some pieces of silver-
To the same place go they,
"A ho their country betray
To the hands of the kings of free silver.
'Tis dishonor they bring
And they ask me to sing'
A pean of praise to free silver.
'Break your promise," they cry
Dollars fifty cents shy
Will pay debts in the days of free silver."
In the lands o'er the sea.
Where our creditors be jt
Should we sanction free coinage of silver*
Say, what token have we *"■ ■*-■«■•
Or what hope can there be!
ye*/' 11 KiVe U3 thC,r 60ld for our sil
I'm a Democrat born » J
Mortified and forlorn.
W n. h - m T, arty so,d out t0 fre « silver;
But I 11 keep my good name.
Though my head bow with shame
And not vote for free coinage of silver
St, Paul. Minn.. July *'
— m —
MUNITIONS OP "WAR.
They May Be Supplied hy a St. Paul
_«^ HI ;_ GTON - Au *' 3 — Th,s *-« » ereat
day for the manufacturers of war materia-. J
and many great corporations and firms were '
represented at the war and navy depm
ments this afternoon, when bids were opened
for supplying a large quantity of gun car- —
riages, mortars, shot and shell of various
sizes and kinds. Probably not since the late
war has the ordnance bureau of the war de
partment been able to lay out so extensive a
programme for cne year's work as is now
made possible by the liberal appropriations
made by congress for the defense of the sea
coast. Consequently, there were many bid
ders for supplying the large quantity of ma
terial, raw and complete, included in the
first call for proposals. The first bids opened
were for supplying gun carriages. There —
were twelve bidders, among them the Amer
ican Hoist & Derrick company of St Paul
The American Hoist & Derrick company, of »,;
St. Paul, bid $11,800 each for ten carriages
or more, deliveries to begin in six months and
continue at the rate of one every six weeks
The Southwark foundry fixed the price of one
carriage at $12,660, and offered to build ten
or more at $11,500 each, and to make the de
livery In five months, so tt will be difficult
to decide between them.
Bike Houses Came to Grief.
BUFFALO. Aug. 3.-Quickly following on
the failure of the Queen City Cycle Co
comes the application for a receiver for
F. X. Muller, bicycle manufacturer, of this
city. The nominal assets are $43,296; the i
direct liabilities. $19,206, and the contingent _»
liabilities, $11,777. Three receivers were ap
pointed for the Queen City Cycle Co., whose
liabilities are near $200,000.
Tooth Pullers in Session.
SARATOGA, Aug. 3.— The national associa
tion of dental examiners began its annual
session here today. The opening address
was made by Dr. J. T. Abbott, of Boston.
A Scrap in Nebraska.
OMAHA, Aug. 3.— The state convention of ') ■
the Populist party will be held at Hastings
Wednesday, and, judging by present Indica
tions, harmony will take a day off, while the /
warring factions of the party fight out their S
differences. Not that the result is In doubt.
The fact that the middle-of-the-road Populists
are in a hopeless minority has been again
and again demonstrated. They were beaten
in nearly all the county conventions in the
A Silver College League.
CHICAGO, Aug. 3.— The Bryan and Sewall
club of the University of Chicago is to take
the Initiative In the organization of a league
of silver clubs among the colleges in the
United States. The intention of the man
agers is to effect an organized opposition to
the college league of Republican clubs.
Lents for Congress.
LANCASTER, 0., Aug. 3.— Hon. John H.
Lentz, of Columbus, was nominated for con
gress today by the Democrats of the Twelfth
"Vermont Gold Democrats.
MONTPELIER, Vt.. Aug. 3.-Leading Dem
ocrats from all over the state who repre
sent the gold sentiment are here tonight pre
paring for the state convention, which meets
WITH INTENT TO AMUSE.
"Heavens and earth!" exclaimed Eve. "You %
don't mean to say you're the only man herel •»
Why I might Just as well have gone to the
seashore!" — New York Press.
Jaggs— Wh •*■.:_ he treats, why does Pollticus
call the whisky "Petrifying Fluid?"
Scraggs -Because ne buys it to make him
self solid.— Exchange.
Sugesti ve: First Tragedian— l hear Barnes
Tormer has left his boarding house. v
Second Tragedian— Yes. The landlady of
fered him some frosted cake.
"Madam, I shall have to charge you dcubla
price for your glass of Irappe."
"I'd like to know why."
"Well, we pay high rent and you have been r '
so alow eating It. "—Chicago Record. _/
"That Mrs. Weeper seems perfectly incon
"Yes, she is evidently trying to create ths
impression that she invented beiug a widow "
"Billy, I don't think I'll stay at this Bum .
m.r hotel much longer."
"What's upt Rates t_» hight"
"No, I dent rated the high rata*, hut the
clerk is always nagging ma for iiioaey."
"And still you get even with h . T"
"Oh, yea. I -how cd h*r the respuot dus to
As i -tllessly a. errast .o.Ms nii w lit crush
tegetuar does woman meet up »itn woman.— _ -*'
Detroit Tribune. v