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Payable In Advance.
Dally and Sunday, per Month .SO j
Dally and Sunday, Six Months - f5.75
Daily and Sunday, On* Year - fS.OO
Dally Only, per Month -- - - .40
Dally Only, Six Months f 2.25
Dally Only, One Year 94.00
Sunday Only, One Year -- - - 91.50
Weekly, One Tear - 91.00
"WEATHER FOR TODAY.
WASHINGTON, Sept 18.— Forecast for
Saturday: Minnesota— Fair, preceded by
showers in eastern portion; colder In south
east portion; northwesterly winds.
Wisconsin — Showers, followed by fair and
colder Saturday afternoon; brisk to high
north westerly winds.
North and South Dakota— Generally fair;
Montana— Fair; easterly winds.
tutted States Department of Agriculture,
Weather Bureau, Washington, Sept. 18. 6:48
p. iv. Local Time, 8 p. m. 75th Meridian
Ttme.— Observations taken at the same mo
ment ot time at all stations.
Place. Tern. Place. Tern.
St. Paul 60 Winnipeg 36
Duluth 48 Bismarck 52-54
Huron 48 Boston 42-56
Bismarck 42 Buffalo 68-71
Williston 46 Cheyenne 88-100
Havre 56 Chicago 40-48
Edmonton 64 Cincinnati 54-62
Battleford 52 Helena 54-58
Prince Albert 44 Montreal 90-98
Medicine Hat 56 New Orleans 90-96
Swift Current BOJNew York 80-90
Qu'Appelle 421Pittsburg 78-84
Minnedosa 34) Winnipeg 46-50
Barometer. 29.85; thermometer, 56: relative
humidity. 72; weather, cloudy; maximum
thermometer, 65; minimum thermometer, 46;
dally range. 19; amount of rainfall in last
twenty-four hours. 0.
RIVER AT S A. M.
Gauge Danger Height of
Reading. Line. Water. Change.
St. Paul 14 2.8 0.0
La Crosse 10 1.6 *0.2
Davenport 16 2.4 —0.2
St. Louis 30 6.2 0.0
Note -Barometer corrected for temperature
and elevation. — P. F. Lyons, Observer.
the: farmer loses.
Mr. James J. HHI said the other day.
In answer to a question relating to the
I am firmly convinced that wheat is to
day worth 15 cents more, than the farmers
are receiving for it. And they would re
•eivc* tho la cents if the times were better
and the country was not in the throes of an
Mr. Hill ia not interested in the eon
(jpLion of the wheat market as bull or
as bear. He looks at it simply as a
man of large intelligence, great ex
perience and familiarity with all. the
conditions,' and expresses an opinion
which is concurred in by those who
are best competent to judge every
where. A short time ago Mr. Pills
bury reviewed the situation, compar
ing the surplus of wheat 1n sight, the
available supply and the present con
dition of the crops of the year on the
one side, with the certain demand on
the other, and canciuded that wheat,
ought to be worth 10 cents a bushel
more than it ts bringing in the markets.
If we turn to the daiiy market report,
we will find that everything there
corroborates these facts. Receipts at
ihe central markets are unusually light
for this time of year, while there is an
almost unprecedented increase and
steadiness in the foreign demand. The
report for Friday stated the receipts
at Minneapolis and Duluth at 832 car
loads for the previous day, as com
pared with 1,043 the week before, and
1,383 on the corresponding day the year
previous. The quotations of wheat had
advanced sensibly in Liverpool and in
Berlin. That these advances were not
speculative appears from the fact that
they were based upon large sales in
Xew York for foreign account. There
Is heavy buying for export, and vessel
room has been engaged liberally ahead.
These are the conditions naturally
accompanying a short supply coinci
dent with a liberal and constant de
mand. The natural fruit of them would
be a strong advance in prices. Yet
with all these causes operative to force
upward the market for the great staple
of the Northwest, wheat rises only a
cent or two and then sags back again
to the old level so unsatisfactory to
the farmer. What is the cause? It
has been pointed out by Mr. Hill, and
it is evident to every business man
who looks at the situation with an un
prejudiced eye. The trouble with the
wheat market is the same as the
trouble with the market for everything
else. It is the agitation for a revolu
tion In our monetary system, and per
haps that of our government itself,
which keeps capital in hiding.
Here is the place where that capital
which Mr. Bryan is so fond of deriding
and denouncing shows" its usefulness.
Labor has done its work. The honest
tolling millions of farmers throughout
this country have wrought faithfully
and produced millions of bushels of
wheat. There their part ends. To carry
that wheat until lt can be consumed,
since it will not all be eaten today or
tomorrow, ls the part of capital. To
transport the grain from the point of
production to the point of consump
tion is the part of capital. Vast sums
of money are needed to do this. The
service is just as necessary to the pro
duction of wealth as is the plowing of
the land and the threshing of the grain.
It is a legitimate service in which capi
tal is wont to find active employment
and a reasonable profit
This season finds, an Insufficient
amount of capital available for the
purpose. Ther* are hundreds of mil
lions of dollars lying idle in banks and
strong boxes until it shall be deter
mined what is to be the monetary
system of the future. No man can
blame the owners of it. They are do
ing what all the rest of us would do.
They will not let property go out of
their hands when it is uncertain
whether it may not, in that case, be
depreciated 50 per cent within a couple
of months. They prefer to take no
chances. We do not think it is wise
because we believe there is no danger,
and we know that never was there
such an opportunity for profit on in
vestments as exists today. But it is
human nature. Being so, and influenc
ing large numbers of men, it reduces
the capital competing for the busi
ness of transporting and market
ing wheat, and thus leaves the market
sluggish and weak at the very time
when natural conditions should make
it active and strong. We believe it
is no exaggeration to say that every
bushel of wheat marketed in the
1 Northwest this fall will sell for from
10 to 15 cents per bushel less
than lt ought to, simply because of
the timidity of capital, owing to the
free silver agitation. This crusade
for cheap money is costing the farmer
more than anybody else. As usual,
he foots the bills for the agitator and
the demagogue. Perhaps this foretaste
of the good things to come under a
free coinage regime, costly though it
be, and infamous as is the injustice
which the campaign of the mine own
ers for a bonus on their product in
flicts upon the cultivators of the soil,
may be a lesson not without its com**
WAGES IN MEXICO.
Politicians and political writers
adopt readily the methods of the
kindergarten and teach by object les
sons. This is a more or less con
scious admission that the average
mind is not fitted to grasp general
principles as readily as concrete
matter ln the shape of those prac
tical affairs of life with which lt
ls familiar. A child may not be able
to sense the statement that two times
two are four, but it is able to see that
two sticks and two other sticks make
four sticks. It is hardly complimen
tary to the boasted intelligence of the
age that this is so; but, whether unflat
tering or not, one needs but to read the
political arguments made by either
party, or any party, to find that it is
a fact. In the tariff struggle our Re
publican adversaries printed pictures
of the American artisan coming to his
neat cottage home after his day's la
bor, greeted by a pretty child, gaily
dressed, while through the open door
could' be seen the wife playing the
piano. The counter picture was the
English pauper laborer returning in
rags to his hovel.
Now we are confused by the conflict
ing statements as to the Industrial
conditions in Mexico, where free coin
age reigns unrestricted and undis
puted. The advocates of a gold stand
ard have procured tables of the wages
paid labor and the prices it pays for
the necessaries of life, demonstrating
quite conclusively that whatever ad
vance there is in wages under a de
preciated currency is more than offset
by the advance in cost of living. On
the other hand, the advocates of free
coinage procure statements of condi
tions showing great prosperity both
with wage earners and farmers, while
manufacturing is depicted as in a
flourishing condition. Special envoys
are sent by either contestant to ascer
tain and report the facts as they may
find them. The result is a mass of
conflicting statements that leave the
truth-seeker confused and the adher
ents of each policy as firmly convinced
as ever that their side is right. As a
railroad conductor in Texas said to
the corresponent sent out by the Chi
cago Record, "It seems as if every
body went to Mexico to find only what
he wanted to find."
There is no need of all this hunting
for data to establish prior conclusions,
this deductive method of stating a
proposition and then hunting for the
facts that support it. The general
principles of economics would hare es
tablished the proposition that prices
always rise when the currency in
which their values are expressed is
depreciated, although varying condi
tions may make the rise very unequal,
greater in some and less in other cases!
But there are exceptional conditions
in Mexico, which any person caring to
arrive at the truth will take into ac
count. Such a one will reflect that it
is but ln recent years that Mexico has
had a stable government; that back of
Diaz is a constant succession of the
revolts of ambitious leaders against
the government, with repeated over
throwing of the government. There can
be no general prosperity under such
conditions. Then, again, it is only with
in a couple of decades that railways
have been built opening up the interior
of the republic and permitting the de
velopment of the great and varied re
j sources of the country. Enterprise has
followed the railways, opening mines,
constructing and operating mills, start
ing factories for the conversion of the
raw material, and agriculture has
been stimulated by the cheaper access
of its products to markets.
It was inevitable that so rich a field
should be exploited, no matter what
the currency, just as Japan is being
and China will be when Li Hung gets
his enterprises under way. Business
adjusts itself to the monetary condi
tions, asking only that they be stable.
Skilled labor in Mexico is necessarily
highly paid, both on account of the
greater demand for it, the natives
furnishing very little such, and on ac
count of the low purchasing power of
the currency in which it ls paid. But
such conditions are not permanent
and cannot be, nor do they affect the
whole mass of workers. The expansion
of development must come to an end
sooner or later, and when that stimulus
is removed prices paid for labor must
recede to normal conditions.with wages
made lower by the increase in the cost
of foreign imports. Economic laws
operate alike everywhere, and every-
THU SAINT frACE, <M,ORE: SATURDAY, gEI'TBMBES 18, 1&& G.
where visit their penalties on all who
Selfishness is the mainspring of Eng
land's political policy now as ever. The
people of Great Britain as a whole are.
we believe, true-hearted, sympathetic
and zealous for the right as are the
masses of the people everywhere that
popular education has enlightened
them. But nowhere in the world do
greed and privilege and a policy of un
enlightened selfishness hold more un
disputed sway than in the ministry of
England. This is doubly illustrated
by her position on the question of what
shall be done with Turkey. The people
of England themselves, if left to them
selves, would, we believe, have gone
upon a crusade against the infamy of
Turkish rule with as glad a seal as
they marched upon the Paynim cen
turies ago. No government of England,
either Liberal or Conservative, has
dared to take a manly stand for right,
for justice and for common humanity,
principally because of the English com
mercial interests that were involved.
English capitalists had Invested im
mense sums in Turkish securities. Their
flrst care was to get their money back.
They had done with the sultan what
they did before with a miserable khe
dive of Egypt; pandered to his very
lowest vices to persuade him to bor
row to the limit of his ability to repay
at usurer's rates. Having made this
vile investment they proposed to have
it back, principal and interest, to the
last farthing. Therefore, they have
prevented any action on the part of
England which, by overthrowing Tur
kish rule, might destroy the value of
their bonds. Thus has the blood and
honor of the innocent been sacrificed
upon the, altar of the money changers.
Now comes a just retribution. This
atrocious government at Constantinople
Is beginning to exhibit Its own inabil
ity to pay. It has been preserved to
no purpose. Reveling in all possible
debauchery and dishonor, it has no
care for the £400,000.000 of European
capital said to be Invested in various
enterprises and in loans in Turkey.
The debtor, who has been saved
from a just destruction that he
might pay promptly, rewards his
rescuers by a cheerful indifference
to his obligations. Naturally enough,
under present conditions, all kinds of
trade are at a standstill in the Turkish
empire, and the prospect of the Euro
pean bondholder grows less and less
hopeful every day. Hence the changed
disposition of the Briton. He decried
interference when such policy threat
ened the security of his investments.
He is clamoring for interference now,
when it appears that those invest
ments cannot be saved except by the
substitution of some kind of decent
rule for the riot of anarchy and mur
der that prevails at this moment ln the
Turkish dominions. This is the mean
ing of the announcement made by the
British foreign office, and of the whin
ing editorials In the London Times,
complaining that Russia will not toler
ate Turkish coercion.
The truth ls, it has been and still is
with Great Britian a question of profit
and per cent. She has sacrificed every
thing to that. She has involved her
self in the moral responsibility for all
that has been done In Armenia and in
Constantinople at the demand of her
bondholders, and now finds none to re
spect and few to co-operate with her
in a reversal of policy that is dictated
equally by them. Her dilemma is real,
but it is an ignoble one. How different
her standing in Europe and in the
eyes of the world from what lt
would have been had she dared to
stand originally for the common rights
of humanity. It is just that she should
see now, when it is too late, that that
noble policy to which she could not
rise would also have been the safest
and best from the mere selfish and
commercial point of view.
— m « —
WOULD THEY SUSTAIN ITT
Mr. J. R. Dos Passos, a lawyer of
New York city, has furnished the Fi
nancial Chronicle with an elaborate
opinion to the effect that any act of
congress providing for the payment
of our national debt in any money
other than gold would be unconstitu
tional, basing his opinion on the fourth
section of the fourteenth amendment,
that prohibits the questioning of
the public debt incurred in sup
pressing the rebellion. The Even
ing Post questions the sound
ness of the argument and the
conclusion. It bases its argument on
the case of Juillard vs. Greenman, the
case on which the Globe, in discuss
ing the validity of gold contracts, con
cluded, reasoning from the general
propositions there laid down, that con
gress could make them payable in
what lt chose, regardless of the fact
that lt might impair the obligations of
the contracts. It contends that there
can be no distinction between public
and private debts, the two being in
extricably bound up together and can
not be separated.
The fact is that the court was driven
into an indefensible position in order
to sustain the greenbacks, after it had
been reconstructed so as to secure a
reversal of the decision handed down
by Chief Justice Chase, the father of
the greenback, that congress had no
authority to make them legal tender.
It would have been and be infinitely
better for the country had the decision
of the chief justice been upheld, for
we would have been spared the dis
turbance to business of the greenback
craze of twenty years ago, and of the
present silver craze, each of which
found its source in the same pernicious
doctrine that Chase repudiated. The
logic of the reasoning of the court in
Juillard vs. Greenman leaves no escape
from the conclusion that, if adhered
to, the public debt of the country could
be paid in silver dollars. It says that
"Congress has power to establish a
national currency, either in coin or
paper, and to make that currency
lawful money for all purposes, as re
gards the general government or pri
vate individuals. Under the power to
coin money and regulate its value,
congress, may, as it did with regard to
gold by the. act of June 28, 1878, Issue
coins of the same denomination as
those already current by law. but
of less intrinsic value than those by
reason of conttttertng a less weight of
the precious metals, and thereby en
able debtors "to 'discharge their debts
by the payment of coins of less real
Should a queßtioh arise wherein the
court would b#, übliged either to fol
low Its logic aha* hold that our bonds
can be paid i» 50-cent silver dollars
or repudiate tse *whole doctrine, the
Post is of the opinion that there would
be a re-examinat!o6 of the whole ques
tion, and the ***court would be obliged
to reaffirm, the yte-ij- so ably expounded
in the case of*«Hepburn vs. Griswold,
by Chief justice "chase, simply be
cause the reasoning of the legal-tender
case of Juillard vs. Greenan will not
stand examination. * * * Mean
while we see nothing to be gained by
trying to persuade ourselves that the
legal-tender cases fall short of render
ing the courts impotent to check a
fraudulent lowering of the standard
of value, in any direction." However
that may be, it is a matter in which
we are all concerned whether it shall
be permitted that the court of last
resort shall be again reconstructed in
the interests of a mistaken and dan
gerous monetary policy, and the doc
trine of Juillard vs. Greenman be ap
plied rigorously to public and private
debts alike. For that is the threat of
the Chicago platform.
WIIX HAVE TO «0.
The progress of political events ls
fatal to the ambition of Mr. Sewall, of
Maine, He is going to be compelled
to get off the Bryan ticket. Those of
the old Democratic party who made
up their minds to make the best of a
bad bargain and support Bryan and
Sewall, on the plea of "regularity,"
have insisted, and still insist, that Mr.
Sewall must stick. He is the only
member of the" flrm who can claim,
with any show? of reasonableness, to
be a Democrat. Mr. Bryan long ago
abjured that Uaith. He announced
that he would not stand by the conven
tion if its platform did not suit him.
He proclaimed publicly, In a speech
last March, that he was not a Demo
crat. He has sajd.even since his norn!
Ination, that he would have bolted if
the free silver people had been in a
minority. There is not much in tho
nature of party obligation to attach a
Democrat to this man on the ground
that he should-' receive the votes of
Democrats. He is far more Populist
than anything else, as all his speeches
Mr. Sewall, on the other hand,
has a record for regularity, even
though his political principles have
been determined rather by self-interest
than by devotion to Democracy. The
fact that he is on the ticket has held
to lt a great many old line Democrats
who have found iri that an excuse for
not bolting Bryan. Put Tom Watson
on instead, and' the mask would be
thrown off. The Chicago ticket would
then appear as a Populist affair; with
out admixture and. without disguise.
In doctrine and in personnel it would
speak for Populism, and it would be
hard to tell whether Bryan or Watson
would represent more accurately the
wild notions of government and the
rebellion against law and order that
have made their way recently into po
litical contests. Such a ticket would re
ceive little more than the normal Peo
ple's party vote, which can be found in
the returns of the last election.
But this is what is coming to pass.
The Populists have been dissatisfied,
ever since the Chicago convention,
with their end of the deal. Although
the presidential nominee is really one
of them, they want the earth. In state
after state, where they are the big
end of the fusion deal, they have in
structed their felectors for Bryan and
Watson, and in several states sepa
rate tickets have been put in the field,
one standing for Br?yan and Sewall and
the other for Bryan and Watson. If
this situation continues it win divide
the vote, making success impossible,
while, even where there is an agree
ment as to the candidate for whom the
fusion electors shall cast their ballots,
the presence of two vice presidential
candidates is embarrassing and weak
ening. One or the other must be made
to retire before the 4 November election.
The result in Maine seems to have
settled it that Mr. Sewall will be the
victim. He has not accomplished the
end for which he was placed upon the
ticket, and he must go. It will be for
tunate, rather than otherwise, when
this happens, for it will present the
plain and naked issue to the people in
the shape of practical Populist candi
dates on a Populist platform.
A3f INJURIOUS MISAPPREHENSION.
A careless reading of the news
paper reports of the difficulty about
opening the schools of St. Paul has
given circulation throughout the state
to more or less injurious reports which
need instant correction. The Globe
asks of those country papers
which have published, and are
still publishing statements to the
effect that the ptibllc schools of St.
Paul have been closed through lack of
funds or through mismanagement, and
that probably a .part. of the school year
will be cut off on : this account, that
they will make & proper and fair state
ment of the actual circumstances.
These circumstances, let us repeat,
are that the difficulty rose, not out of
any present question of finance; for
the money to supply the immediate
necessities of the schools was either in
the treasury at", tire time or certain to
be paid into the treasury from definite
sources before "■*•* would have to be ex
pended. The whole-' trouble rose from
a failure on the pairt of the mayor to
understand and comply with the city
charter. The charter requires the
school board to send in an estimate
each year of its requirements for the
year next <jft&u!ng to the mayor. The
mayor must submit this to tbe council.
The council must vote the money in a
lump sum before the Ist of September.
Until these formalities are complied
with, no money is available for school
purposes, and the oharter subjects
members of the board of Inspectors to
six months' imprisonment in the county
jail if they create any obligation against
the city by spending money not yet
voted, or incurring indebtedness which
they have not funds in their possession
The school board this year sent in
its budget on time. Mayor Doran
neglected to present it to the council.
No money waa appropriated. The
board of school inspectors had therefor*
no option but to refuse to open the
schools or make themselves liable to
criminal proceedings. They chose the
former course. Immediately, the mayor
called the council ln special session,
submitted the budget, and the council,
by resolution, pledged itself to appro
priate the necessary funds as soon aa
lt could scrutinize the budget, and to
hold the school board harmless from
responsibility or prosecution therefore.
Immediately following this the board
of school inspectors met and decided
to open the schools as usual. They
were, therefore, opened on Monday.
They are running as usual, and there
is not the slightest reason to suppose
that they will not continue to do so.
There Is no present difficulty In the
situation. The trouble did not rise
out of the money question at all, but
out of charter requirements which had
not been observed. They have now
been complied with, and there is no
more trouble about our schools than
there has been In previous years. This,
in common justice to St. Paul, ought
to be universally . understood by those
who. have imagined that, in gome way,
our educational facilities were impaired
and our schools to be closed for finan
BONDS, REDEMPTIONS AND PREM.
To the Editor of th© Globe.
Will you kindly answer the following: L
Did President Cleveland, durini? his first ad
ministration, take up any Unl ed 8 a es bonds?
If so, did he pay any premium, and if so
what was the highest premium paid?
What was the amount of bonds taken up and
SS BU M««t to redemption? 2.
Dd President Harrison, during Jiis admin
istration, take up any United Sfates bonds?
If so, when, what was the amount and the
highest premium paid, and were they subject
to redemption; if not, when were they and
what interest were they drawing. 3.
What was the highest interest paid on United
Stat&s gold bonds; were they called flve
twenties, and why were they so called?
Superior, Wis., Sept. 16. ~~ S *
1. Yes. Three per cent bonds,
redeemable at pleasure of the United
States, were called and redeemed until
exhausted. Four and 4% per
cents were due in 1891 and 1907, and
were bought in the market at prices
ranging from 107.7 for the. one to 128.6
for the other. The total of redemptions
during his term was $341,448,449. The
3 per cents were subject to redemp
tion and formed the larger part of the
2. Tes. During the years of '89-92,
amounting to $236,527,66*8. They were
all 4 and 4% per cents due in *91 and
1907, not subject to call for redemption.
The highest price paid was 129.
8. The highest rate paid was 7.3
pei' cent. The "five-twenties" were 6
per cent bonds payable after five and
before twenty years, at the option of
the government. They were converted
into lower rate bonds.
— — p .
AT THE THEATERS.
The bill at the Metropolitan this evening
changes to "Paul Jones."
• • •
"Charley's Aunt" will terminate IU visit
at the Grand opera house with performances
today at 2:30 and 8:15.
• • •
Julia Marlowe Taber and Robert Taber re
ceived the approbation of the public last sea
son for the elaborate and expensive produc
tion of "Henry 1V.," and this year they
have proceeded along the same lines by pro
ducing a new play which is sure to attract
general attention. It is a drama, founded on
George Eliot's novel "Romola," by Elwyn A
Barron. The high rank which the author of
the story holds In English literature can but
arouse general curiosity as to the outcome of
a play taken from one of her books. The
task of dramatizing George Bitot's novels haa
not been successfully attemped heretofore, be
cause, while they are fascinating to the stu
dent and even the general reader, they seem
to lack the action necessary for dramatic
purposes. But Mr. Barron, H is said, has
succeeded admirably tn transferring the story
of "Romola" to the stage, and the production
of Mr. and Mrs. Taber is spoken of as artis
tically complete. It will be presented at the
Metropolitan opera house, Monday, Sept. 21.
« » *
The Grau Opera company will give a popu
lar mat'nee at the Metropolitan opera house
this afternoon, presenting "Tar and Tartar."
Tonight the Grau Opera company will pre
sent for the first time ln this city, the fa
mous opera, "Paul Jones," and will clos-a
their engagement at the Metropolitan with tha
same opera tomorrow night.
WITH INTENT TO AMUSE.
Ethel— Mamma? what makes the lady dress
all in black? Mamma— Because she is a sis
ter of charity, dear. Ethel— ls charity dead,
then?— Princeton Tiger.
"I'm sure I don't know," cried old Severe
pop; "I really don't know what to do with
you, Henry. Is there anything good in you?"
"I think so, dad," replied Henry. "I've Just
eaten a piece of mince pie."
An examiner asked the Bible lesson class
to tell him what was the chief difference be
tween Elisha and Elijah; and, after a pause,
a little lad held up his hand and said,
"Please, sir, Elisha walked with God, but
the carriage was sent for Elijah!"—Univer
Physician (examiner for life Insurance
company)— How old are you? Irishman—
Twenty-five. "Your parents are living. I
suppose?" "No. sur; they're dead." "What
did they die of?" "Ould. age, sur." "How
old were they?" "Farty, sur." "Do you
think a person of forty dies of old age?"
"In the ould country people die young of
ould age."— Life.
Saved: Mrs. Bingo— l noticed there was a
rent in your trousers this morning.
Mr. Bingo — Thank heaven: Give it to the
landlord when he comes.— Banner of Lib
The Point of View: "Uncle Bob, what is a
"Why, he ia a fellow what makes a row
when a bicycle r.uns over him." — Exchange.
"I don't yike you. Aunt Jenny." said Wil
bur, after his aunt had interfered with some
cherished idea he had in his mind. "An' If
you don't let me alone, I'll save up my pottet
money, an' buy a tapir." "A what?" asked
his aunt "A tapir," said Wilbur. "An'
tapirs they eats ants."— Exchange.
"Do you know, young man." said the col
porteur, "you are cm the road to perdition?"
"I don't know, uncle," replied the scoffing
youth. "If I am, how does it happen that I
"Because I am going ln the opposite direc
tion," rejoined the other.— Chicago Record.
"Gracious!" said the summer boarder.
"What is that tower with the great wheel
on top 61 It?"
"That there is a windmill." the farmer ex
"Really? About how much wind will it
turn out in a day?"— lndianapolis Journal.
PALMER AND BUCKNER.
Leaders of this movement realized the hope
lessness of their cause and the ticket was
launched Just for the purpose of preserving
the old Democratic party, untarnished and
free from stains of Populism. The new ticket
will not take many votes from McKinley but
will draw largely from Bryan. In some
states, particularly Minnesota and other
Northwestern states, Palmer and his running
mate will scarcely receive a handful dt votes,
because honest money Democrats are going
to vote for McKinley and Hobart.—Washing
ton County Journal.
Mr. Palmer is a good man, all right, but
what is the use. One Democratic ticket ls
quite enough in this country, say nothing
about two.— Tyler Journal.
The names of the candidates are of little
account— they will not be elected— but the
principles they represent and the platform
on which they stand are of vast Importance to
the country. The platform, denouncing vigor
ously the Chicago convention, declares une
quivocally for a single gold standard with
the subsidiary use of silver as a circulating
medium. There is no uncertain, doubtful
ring about the utterances of the Indianapolis
convention, and ls U cheering Indeed to find
that the real Democracy of the country es
chews Bryanlsm, and will stand for sound
money, an Independent judiciary and sound
government. What effect the nominations
will have upon the McKinley vote remains
to be seen.— Isanti Press.
Senator Palmer served in the War of the
Rebellion in the federal army, and bears
the title of general, while his running mate
became a general in the Confederate army.
What strength this ticket will muster re
mains to be seen. Evidently tt will not "en
thuse 1 ' to any great extent in the West.— North
The great Democratic convention at In
dianapolis last week—the flrst and only na
tional Democratic convention for 1896— made
another great puncture in the pneumatic cam
paign of the Poftocrats.— Charles City Citizen.
I>emocrats have a presidential ticket they
can heartily support, Palmer and Buckner;
and a platform Democratic from the first to
the last word of it. No need of wasting a
vote on McKinley or Bryan. Stand by the
time-honored principles of the party. Do
right and trust to the future for vindication.
— Waterloo Tribune.
They may call themselves "National Demo
crats," as at Indianapolis ; "Jefferson Demo
crats," as in Pennsylvania, but there ls no
better title for the sound money protectants
against the Populist aggregation than that of
"Honor Democrats." the name applied to
them by Senator Wolcott, of Colorado.—Ta
This drive* another nail Into the political
coGln ot the boy orator of the Platte.
The Indianapolis Democratic sound money
convention last week nominated Senator Pal
mer, of Illinois, for president, and Gen. S. B.
Buckner, of Kentucky, for vice president. The
convention was largely attended and repre
sented the substantial business element of the
party. The ticket will cnt a wide swath ln
the Democratic vote of the country. — Ransom
The sound money Democrats feel confident
that they have selected a strong ticket in
the person of John M. Palmer, of Illinois,
and Gen. Simon B. Buckner, of Kentucky.
Both are well known and popular men. Pal
mer will carry a large support in his own
state and the East, while Buckner is capable
of adding strength to the ticket ln the South
ern states.— Plalnview News.
Whether this ticket wiU result ln the benefit
or injury of McKinley remains to be seen,
but it seem* to be the consensus of opinion
that it will benefit and not Injure him. There
are tens of thousands of Democrats, they say,
who, however opposed to the free coinage
of silver, cannot bring themselves to vote
for the great apostle of protection, McKinley
and would eventually vote for Bryan. If there
was no third ticket In the field. This may
be, and we hope that it will prove so. At any
rate there is no doubt now of Illinois, and
it makes of Kentucky a doubtful state.—
Lester Prairie Journal.
Their platform Is built on the same Jeffer
sonlan principles that have been its founda
tion since its flrst organisation and sound
money is their watch cry tor the campaign.
They are not organized so much to capture
a victory as to keep Intact their party name
and allegiance, and to "hold fast to the faith
delivered to the Bathers." One thing is
manifest; all talk of disunion and division ls
superfluous now, since a commanding officer
that wore the blue of the North takes as
his running mate an equally distinguished
officer who wore the gray of the, South. Each
was first among his countrymen in tbe arts
of war and are now clear to the front in tha
arts of peace. No North and ao South 1s
their war cry, the Union forever. — Stillwater
President Cleveland has declared for Palm
er and Buckner. The question is, therefore
who is the better Democrat, Cleveland or
Bryan?— Aberdeen News.
Grover Cleveland has announced himself in
favor of Palmer and Buckner, the candidates
of the National Democratic party, and hence
his whole influence will be used aga'nst the
Bryan-SewalKWatson ticket. This announce
ment, while expected, was a shock to the
free silverites. as Mr. Cleveland has the larg
est personal following of any man in the
Democratic party. It is said every member
of Mr. Cleveland's rab'net will stand with him
for the defeat of the Chicago platform and
candidates.— Albert Lea Enterprise.
The nominations of Palmer and Buckner by
the sound money Democrats were not made
with a view or any hope of electing them
but as a protest of decent Democrats a«a'nst
Bryan and the Chicaaw platfbrm. It" was
done to show the country how the business
men ln the Democratic party felt in regard
to the stand taken at Chicago. It will have
a wide influence, not ln votes received by
Palmer and Buckner, but in its effect unon
the Democrats party thronsrbout the coun
try. It is confidently predicted by those who
•re posted that the result of the nom'na
tions will be that several Southern states
will return McKinley electors.— Fergus Falls
LIND'S IDEAS OF CHEAP MONEY
The general impression is that John Lind
took a good deal of space to say nothing ln
when he wrote h's letter accepting the Demo
cratic nomination for governor. He slraniy
threshed over old exploded theories on the s'l
ver question, filling his letter full of asser
tions with no evidence to sustain them. -Man
kato Free Press.
It makes one smile to hear John Lind talk
cheap money. He ls an amateur and hardly
able to e-ive even a convincing idea that ho
knows where he is at. Under tbe erold stand
ard John Lind owes the Rennhliesn nnrty
whatever su**j*ess he has attained in the w**r!d
for had his beloved free silver been the money
of redemption he m'Kht have known more
about haying than law.— Granite Falls Tri
Hospitable Old St. Fael.
Good old St. Paul did herself nroud in tak
ing care of the G. A. R. and the thousands
of other visitors, who sought her hospitality.
No fault was found: no fault could be found
There was no disposition to raise prices, and
board and lodging were reasonable. Upon
every hand everybody sounded the nraise of
the canital city, and none were po lavish as
the old soldiers. They came, they saw and
were conquered. The decorations throughout
the city were beautiful and extensive] Al
most every prominent building was covered
with the national colnrs, and many were
most artistically draoed. Flatrs were every
where, and most every individual was decor
ated with red, white and blue. The living
flag, composed of 2.000 school children, ar
ranged ln the shape of our national emblem,
was the best, feature of the encanmment and
called out universal commendation.
Dollar* Always tn Demand.
Lake Crystal Union.
There seems to be a great demand for silver
dollars in Washington.— G lobe.
Just what Washington the G1 o b c has ref
erence to cuts no figure. The same demand
is also great in Minnesota. The lesson they
will convey will be an object lesson, to pay
running expenses. See, fellow sinner!
THE BICYCLE MAID.
"Where are you going, my pretty maid'"
'I'm out for a ride, kind sir," she said.
"May I go, too, my pretty maid?"
"Why, sure, if you like, kind sir," she satd.
By verdant fields, through sylvan shade,
I rode by tbe side of this pretty maid ;
We passed some cow*, she seemed afraid.
So Umid was this pretty maid.
In the cool retreat of a mossy glade
We loitered, I and this pretty maid,
Till the soft twilight around us played—
Likewise my arm around the maid.
"Pray let. us be going," said the pretty maid.
As she noted the hour, nor could I dissuade.
"I really must go — there, now, don't upbraid,
For ray husband may want his wheel," she
PROTEST BY BOfIDS
HOLDERS OF SEABOARD SECURI
TIES ASK PROTECTION OE THE
WANT RATE-CUTTING STOPPED
ALLEGE THE VALUE OF THEIR
HOLDINGS IS BEING WIPED
TEMPORARY INJUNCTION ISM Bl).
Hearing Ordered at Richmond hy
.In dare Hughes to Consider the
ABINGDON, W. Va., Sept. 18.— A Mil
was filed today before Judge Robert
W. Hughes, sitting 4n tbe United States
circuit court of the Eastern district of
Virginia, by Barton & Milner, of Balti
more, and Smythe, Lee & Frost, of
Charleston, 8. CL, In behalf of the Safe
Deposit & Trust company, of Baltimore,
and the Baltimore Trust & Guarantee
company against the Seaboard and
Roanoke Railroad company, the South
ern Railroad company and the com
panies forming the Atlantic Coast line,
asking for an injunction against tbe
continuation of tbe present rate war.
The complainants allege that they are
the holders of large amounts of bonds,
over two and a half millions issued by
tbe several roads which are cutting tha
rates and that their security is Jeopar
Judge Hughes granted an injunction
ordering the rates restored to what
they were before the cutting began.
Such restoration to be made on Oct.
1, and ordered a hearing at Richmond,
on Oct 2.
PRICE OF SILVER.
A Correspondent Quotes Figures
From Treasury Department.
To the Editor of the Olobe.
In answw to those who argue that the de
cline in the price of silver since its de
monetization in February, 1873, is due to the
enormous Increase in Its production since that
date, permit me to present, the following facta
compiled from pages 19, 22, 23. 26, 30, 31 and
32, of circular No. 123, issued by the United
States treasury department July 1, 1896.
Any one may obtain the circular free on ap
plication to the secretary of the treasury,
Washington, D. C, and may verify the fal
lowing facts. The unfairness of the gold
standard advocates in giving the statistics
of silver production since 1873 without show
ing the corresponding increase in the produc
tion of gold for the same period will become
World's Commercial Ratio of Silver and
1678—1872 14.14 to 1. 16.25 to L
A variance of 2.11 in a period of 186 years.
Total Production of Gold and Silver in tha
World ln Ounces-
1781—1800 11, 438.970 565,235,581
Ratio. 49.4 silver to 1 or gold.
1801—1810 5,715,627 287,469.224
RaUo, 50.3 silver to 1 of gold.
1851—1860 64.482.933 287.920,121
Ratio, 4.5 silver to 1 of gold.
1493—1872 292,844,439 5,706,928,021
Ratio, 19.5 silver to 1 of gold.
1873—1895 132,066,768 2,305,194,011
Ratio, 14. 5 sliver to 1 of gold.
1873—1894 122,235,638 2431,197,181
Coinage of the Mints of the World, In
1873-1894 164,702,527 2.131,920.911
Largest Production ef Silver In Any On*
Year, in Ounces—
i Equivalent in standard silver dol
lars- ....: $226,000,00!
Population of U. 8. Sept 1, 18W.... 71,645,00*
Increase per capita $3.11
Population of silver using nat10n5.1,155,750,00(
Increase per capita .24
Summary: Between 1687 and 1873 the com
mercial ratio of silver to gold fluctuated be
tween 14.14 to 1 and 16.25 to 1, a variance oi
only 2.11 In a period of 186 years.
Within the same period the ratio of pro
duction of silver and gold fluctuated between
4.5 to 1 and 50.3 to 1, a variance of 45.8.
In all the period prior to 1873 there waa
I**^6 times more silver than gold produced
In all the world.
In all the period from 1873 to 1896 there
has been only Mtt times more silver than
gold produced in all the world.
In the peVlod from 1873 to 1894 the mints
cf the world coined more silver than tha
entire silver product of all the mines of the
world for the same period, though the mints
of India and the United States have been
closed to silver since August, 1893, and though
the leading commercial nations have been on
a gold basis and coining silver only as sub
sidiary coin and token money.
If the entire silver product of the world
for 1895 were coined by the United States
alone It would add to our currency only $3-lT
per capita; and if coined by all the silver us
ing nations it would Increase their currency
iess than twenty cents per capita.
Deductions: Prior to 1873 the commer
cial ratio was not affected by the ratio of
production. There can be no doubt that the
commercial ratio would have remained fixed
If the coinage ratio of the nations had been
Our present coinage ratio of 16 to 1 Is ap
proximately the ratio of production. The de
cline In the value of silver since 1873 ls not
due to over production, as alleged; it is the
result of hostile legislation destroying tha
functions of silver as basic or primary money.
In the event of free coinage»by the United
States there would be no "flood" of silver to
be coined; there would be no silver available
for coinage except the current product, and
other nations would absorb the greater share
as they have done for the past 300 years.
—John C. Hessian.
Duluth, Minn., Sept. 15.
(We have already covered the above argu
ment several times. If. for the sake of argu
ment, any one were to admit that some of
the fall ln silver prices is due to cessation
of coinage, then it is the work not only of the
Untted States, but of France, Switzerland
Germany, Austria and the rest of Europe
as well. What it required their united action
to do cannot be undone by any of them act
Towne ns the Side Show.
Special to the Globe.
BRAINERD, Minn., Sept. 18. — Theodore
Hesseil, Chicago, addressed a large audience
of Scandinavians at Gardner hall ln »helr
tongne tonight. The McKinley and Morris
clubs with torch lights paraded the city.
Charles A. Towne addressed an audience
at the opera house also, but his free silver
friends made no public demonstrations. Such
comment haa been made here today on his
reception, which shows that sentiment Is
strongly against his return to congress. Ths
audience was composed to a great extent of
people who desired to hear an explanation
of his change of heart since two years ago.
Will Hear Both Sides.
Special to the Globe.
LITTLE FALLS,' Minn., Sept. 18.— Senator
Knute Nelson will speak ln this city tomor
row evening. The senator ls well and favor
ably known here aa an able speaker, and
will undoubtedly draw a large crowd. Con
gressman Towne, of Duluth, will deliver an
address on the political Issues of the day in
this city on Sept. 30. Mr. Towne'a friends
predict a large meeting*.
Editor Hotchktss Voarai a Son.
PRESTON, Minn., Sept. 18.— Charles Hatch
kiss, son of Maj. Hotchklse, publisher of ths
National Republican at this place, died last
evening from a lingering illness of consump
tion. His remains will go to Minneapolis for
Special to the Olobe.
AT WATER, Minn., Sept. 18.— Senator T. D.
Sheehan, of St. Paul, and Israel Bergstrom,
of Minneapolis, addressed a large crowd last
night on sound money.
Nelson at Rojiillon.
Special to the Globe.
ROYALTON, Minn., Sept is.— At a Repub
lican rally here tonight Senator Knute Nel
son addressed an audience of about 500 pea
pie. He made a very good impression. Ths
sound money club here numbers about 200.
Lencks Talked Silver.
TYNDALL. S. D., Sept. 18.— II. L. Loucka
of Huron, president of tbe National Farmers 1
alliance spoke here In favor of the sltvsi
Question to a fair audience.