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UfJDER THE WATER
A BICYCLE WHICH PROVES AN
EASY GOER AS A SIBMAUIXE
A SENSATION IN CYCLING.
BROOKLYN INVENTOR COXTSRUCT
ING A LARGE SUBMAHINE
WHEELS REVOLVE TOGETHER.
Illustration Showing the Bicycle
Just as It W ill Appear When
Ridden by a Diver.
Genius has now made it possible for
a bicyclist to ride under water. There
have been plans for wheelmen to ride
t<* and from the clouds and to ride
underground in cycle tunnels.
There have been bicycle railways and
bicycle boats, but Reuben H. Plass, of
60S Lafayette avenue, Brooklyn, N. V.,
an inventor, is constructing a machine
which makes submarine wheeling an
accomplished fact. The practicability
of the invention has been demonstrated
fey means of a model, and the workings
Of this model have been such as to at
tract the admiration and indorsement
of every practical cyclist who has- seen
lt. Not only do the cyclists praise lt,
but the submarine divers believe it is
destined to be of the greatest use to
All men of brains agree that this is
an age of progress and that the bicycle
is one cf the most practical instruments
of advancement. This invention proves
the truth of the latter belief, and it
goes without saying that the former
Is correct. To those who are familiar
with what is known as deep sea diving,
the utility of the submarine bicycle is
SUBMARINE BICYCLE OF R. H. PLA SS, OF 508 LAFAYETTE AVENUE,
plainly apparent. Under the present
circumstances it is necessary for the
diver to sink directly to the bottom be
fore he can begin operations. With
the new contrivance he can pedal about
at any desired distance above the bot
tom and take a bird's-eye view, as it
were, of the scene of operation. Thus
it will be seen that the submarine bi
cycle, from a business standpoint, is a
very excellent thing indeed.
Entirely unlike anything ever before
produced in the bicycle line, this
machine is still in all its essential
features a bicycle, with wheels, gear
ing, sprocket wheels and all complete.
It is intended solely for submarine use.
It is painted with a waterproof com
position which prevents rust.
The machine itself consists of the
regulation shaped bicycle frame, two
wheels, the usual running gear, with
some additions, and two cylinders.
These cylinders are really the secret
of the whole machine, and its ability
to travel below the ocean. They are
about eight feet long and nine inches
ln diameter through the center. Their
construction is a bit peculiar in that
while they are constructed of copper,
they are balanced with several hun
dreds of pounds of lead fastened to
the under side. This is done so that
when beneath the surface, the cylinders
will maintain their proper position
The cylinders are filled with air and
serve to keep the submarine bicycle at
the desired depth.
It is by means of these same cylin
ders that the machine is raised or
lowered at the will of the rider. On
the forward side of each cylinder is an
automatic valve which is controlled by
the rider by means of a wire running
from the valve to the handle-bar of the
machine. This valve opens into two
narrow compartments running the
length of the cylinder and is kept
closed by the outside pressure of the
When It is desired to send the ma
chine to any depth the rider pulls the
wire connecting with the valve and the
lnrushing water causes the machine to
gradually sink below the surface.
When the desired depth has been
reached the wire is released, the valve
closes and the machine remains sta
tionary, not between heaven and earth,
but between the surface and the bot
tom of the ocean.
Connecting the two cylinders are two
hollow metal rods, which serve the
double purpose of connecting the air
lilled cylinders and acting as axes, for
the two wheels of the bicycle. The
rims of the wheels project above and
below the cylinders. These wheels
have the customary spokes, inter
woven as usual, but the run is entirely
different from that of the land ma
In place of the big pneumatic tire
the outside of the rims of these wheels
are fitted with cogs. These cogs fit
into the cogs of two much smaller
wheels, which work on a rod running
along close beside the wheels on the
opposite side from the running gear.
These cogwheels are cone-shaoed and
firmly fixed to the rod, at the fear end
of which is a propeller.
The pedals of the submarine b'cycle
are fixed in exactly the same manner
as on an ordinary machine, the only
unusual appearance being that Instead
of one chain there are two, one con
necting with the front and the other
with the rear wheel. In order to
operate these two chains the sprocket
wheel is double.
As the pedals at . worked by the
rider both wheels revolve at the same
time, and, working upon the small
cone-shaped cogwheels on the bar,
cause the propeller to revolve, and so
give motion to his unique vehicle.
Fixed in the forward part of the ma
chine is an air guage, which has two
dials, one indicating the amount of air
in the cylinders and the other the
pressure of the compressed air in the
chest beneath the seat.
The method of steering the sub
marine bicycle is rather odd. There ls
no rudder, nor any provision for one,
but when beneath the surface the ma
chine is so evenly balanced that the
leaning of the rider to one side or the
other causes it to change its plane and
consequently its course.
When it is desired to rise to the suf
face water is forced from the chambers
within tho cylinders, and the sub
marine bicycle and its rider slowly
rise to the domain of light and air.
The accompanying illustration shows
the bicycle just as it will appear when
ridden by a submarine diver. The illus
tration also shows how easy it will
be with the new machine for a diver to
circulate about a wreck and ascertain
its exact position without having to
go crawling about slimy decks and run
the risk of breaking his air tube by
getting it twisted with the tangled
Inventor Plass is enthusiastic over
this, the latest child of his brain.
"Why," said he, "it ls a wonder to me
that no one ever thought of this ma
chine before. You see, if a bicycle can
go on top of the water, what is there
to prevent the construction of one that
can be ridden under water? The prin
ciple is Just the same- as that of the
boat. We have boats that ride on top
of the water, and the United States
government has just built a boat that
will travel about underneath the sur
face. It was the knowledge of all these
plans that set me to thinking about
the idea which has led to the invention
of the submarine bicycle.
"While I thought first of the machine
being of great use to the diver, it has
seemed to me that there was no reason
why it should not be popular with peo
ple generally. I don't believe that it
will be necessary for the rider of this
wheel to wear heavy armor like the
diver does. I know, et course, that it
takes something pretty strong to re
sist the water, but it ls my observation
that these days, when anything new
is wanted, somebody always manages
to get it up. So I put this submarine
bicycle into practical shape. Of course
I'm proud of it, but I truly believe
that it Is going to become a popular
BROOKL YN, N. Y.
and everyday method of amusement.
"I am hurrying the construction as
rapidly as possible, but have been put
to unavoidable delay by the difficulty
of securing some parts. They are not
made by the regular bicycle manufac
tures-, so I have had to have them built
to order. In a few weeks I hope to
have the submarine bicycle ready for
a test. Clad in a flannel-lined diving
suit, the cold will not be felt."
A story of a novel bicycle contest comes
from New York. It runs thus: "The bi
cycle had a try at Uncle Sam's postal serv
ice Tuesday, when John S. Nobre, a well
known wheelman of Philadelphia.attempted to
carry a letter from New York to the former
city and deliver it sooner than a letter posted
in this city at same time that he left could be
delivered in Philadelphia by the special de
livery branch of the mail service. Nobre was
picked up by other wheelmen to the end of
his journey. He reached Newark ahead of
time, but from there on the wind was against
him, and his task was not an easy one. The
roads, however, were in excellent condition,
and he made good time, nevertheless.
"The special delivery letter reached Phil
adelphia at 1:30 a'clock. while the cyclist
was still pedaling over the roads miles away.
Weary and tired he dismounted at the finish
at 4:04 o'clock.
"Though Nobre failed to beat the special
letter, his performance was successful in
another respect. He succeeded, in spite of
the head wind, in lowering the record from
New York to Philadelphia, covering the 107
miles in 7 hours and 11 minutes."
During the past two weeks 248 patents
have been applied for for bicycles and arti
cles pertaining thereto. One is a revolving
Bicycle riders will surely recall at once
the trouble they had with the present tool
bag when they desired to procure a wrench
pump, oiler or any other article. It has been
necessary to dump the whole bag out and
fumble around for some time to finally find
just what they want. The new revolving
tool bag doe 3 away with this. It is cylinder
shaped and occupies the same space, or. if
anything, less than the ordinary tool bag.
The tools are divided by partitions on the in
side on a revolving frame. Each revolution
exposes the contents. Separate compartments
are reserved for the wrench, the pump, oiler,
and in fact, everything that is wanted by
the cyclist. Each compartment adapts itself
to the size and shape of the tool, which
fits snugly and does away with all rattling.
. * «
Cyclists are waiting for 1897 models and
particularly announcements as to what the
1897 prices will be. It is probable that the
leading high grade wheels will list at the
same price as this year. The changes in the
machines will be considerable, but
they will all be confined to de
tails. Two firms are certain to place
chainless wheels on the market, and will
push them to the exclusion of all others. A
third firm will make a ohainless wheel in ad
dition to the regular line, but will not urge
the new style until 1898, preferring to put
out just enough in 1897 to test their model
• » •
It looks as if the colleges would figure
largely ln the bicycle racing season of '97,
and that the pure amateur will be found
in greater number among teams representing
the larger universities. The entries of ath
letic club teams in las. year's meets were
considerable, and the success of the inter
collegiate race 3. following closely has given
an incentive to the innovation. Very few" col
lege men can be found who do not ride, at
least for pastime and convenience, and with
that spirit of rivalry and Insatiable desire
for competition which is a part of the
existence of the college youth of today the
prospects for a wide range ln tho field of
racing seom unusually bright.
Quite a prejudice has always existed
against pigskin games as an exercise for
cyclists, and it is said that the rapid and
sudden stopping and turning incident to the
game h.».ve a tendency to bunch the muscles
of the logs, and thus seriously interfere with
their value as propellers of a bicycle. This
ia theoretically correct ****.■ a cycle author-
THE SAINT PAUL GLOBS: SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 29, 1899.
Ity, but it is a fact that some of the best
and fastest men that ever sat on a bicycle
played football. Among them is Dute Ca
banne, who was a great Rugby half-back be
fore he became a rider. Joe Howard, who is
the best amateur rider in the country to
day, plays full-back in the Smith academy
team. Bert Harding and all the Coburns
play the association game. Osgood, the great
Pennsylvania half-back, was a very fa-st man
on the track. This is also true of Otto Zieg
ler, Arthur Gardiner and eeveral other great
riders. So, after all, it does not follow that
playing football injures a racing cyclist any.
The following bicycle advertisements have
recently appeared in various papers: Wanted—
A good second-hand b'cycle in exchange for
dancing lessons." "A postage stamp collec
tion for a flrst-class wheel." "Have 800
second-hand chairs in good order which I
will give for two bicycles or one tandem."
"1 will give a calf-bound Encyclopedia Brit
annica, worth Jl5O, for a high-grade bicycle."
"Wanted— A bicycle in- exchange for an organ
for a museum." "Marine oil painting worth
$100 for a bicycle." "A fine collection of
Angora cats ln exchange for a bicycle."
JOHN L. SULLIVAN.
His Friends Want Him to Become an
Special Correspondence of the Globe.
BOSTON, Nov. 27.— The only known
American who ever snubbed his royal
highness, the Prince of Wales, sat on
the bootblack stand of a Dover street
barber shop the other day and told me
about his immediate prospects. I refer
to John L. Sullivan, the grandest figh
ter who ever stepped in a ring, and,
when sober, one of the most affable
pleasant mannered men I have ever
met. It appears that Sullivan is soon
to scintilate as an editor, an editor
in chief and business manager combin
ed, for his friends, and he still numbers
them by the hundreds, all reports to
the contrary notwithstanding — are now
engaged in negotiating for a newspaper
at present published in Boston, with the
design of having Sullivan edit and
manage it. The famous John L. would
say very little about this scheme, be
cause, as he says, it was not consum
mated yet, and he did not want to
"queer it." An enterprise was on foot
seme time ago by which Boston capita
lists, admirers of the "big fellow," were
to erect a hotel for him in the south
end, but this has fallen through, so
it is very probable his next appearance
before the public will be at the helm
of a newspaper.
Sullivan lives with his sister now on i
: Brook avenue, Dorchester, one of Bos- !
ton's pretty suburbs. His general
! health, he told me, was superb, al
! though his right hand still troubles him
a gord deal, the result of a cancer,
which was operated upon a fortnight
ago, but as to any talk of amputation
of the arm. as John himself says,
"Why, it's all balderdash." I have
never seen John during my six years'
acquaintance with him when he waa
not smoking a heavy, black and ex
pensive Perfecto cigar, and the present
occasion proved no exception to the
rule, but he told me he was drinking
little er nothing. His friends seconded
this statement, and certainly his looks
did. His hair is gray, but it is as thick
as it ever was, and that is saying a
good deal, and the color of his cheeks
denotes splendid physical condition. He
had on an enormous pink collar, with
cuffs and shirt to match, and was as
spick and span as it is possible for a
man to be. He said he weighed 278
pounds, but he really did not look it;
no, not by 25 pounds at least. He was
talking with his friend Hogarty, the
barber, when I entered, but stopped
long enough to deliver himself of the
Sullivan has an exceptional"/ musical
speaking voice— low, sonorous and well
modulated—and I have always been of
the opinion that had be studied music
as thoroughly as he cultivated the art
of fighting he would have turned out a
basso profundo of the very finest
water. I write this in all sincerity,
and I have found many good critics
who were of the same opinion.
"I am no saint; I never was," said
he, "and I do not suppose the time will
ftver come when I will absolutely and
entirely quit drinking. I like a sociable
glass now and then, but I think I can
truly say that the horrible debauches I
have been on In my time will never
occur again. I am only 38 years old,
a comparatively young man yet, al
though I have been through so much
that I am well aware I look much older.
I have done no sparring since last June,
and I never will again until I am con
vinced that there is something in lt.
Nor will I ever fight again, not but
what I believe I could, but for the
simple reason that I can see no money
In it. I am not so 'fast' as I once was,
being heavier, but if it came to a ques
tion of locking me in a room with
another man, I think I cculd show him
some tricks the like of which he never
creamed of. I ride a wheel a good
deal, one having been presented to me j
a year ago. It weighs 24% pounds and
is but a few pounds heavier than the
wheel ridden by the average man. It
has always been one of my ambitions
to be at the head of a newspaper, and
I am quite confident that a few weeks
ap the most will see my name at the
; masthead of one of the Boston's week
Asked as to the present condition of
pugilism, Sullivan said: "I'm sure I
don't know what to make of this Cor
bett-Fitzsimmona imbroglio. Fitzsim
mons has lost much prestige, but I esti
mate Corbett has lost five times as
much. I have no prejudice against the
latter when I assert my belief that he
| is not the gamest man In the world.
i A champion should be ready to go to
j the front at all times. Corbett is not
j and never was."
Tn a theater within three minutes*
walk of where Sullivan sat at the time
this interview took place, Corbett was
appearing with his theatrical company.
There was a box at the big fellow's
disposal, but he evidently preferred the
solace of his Perfecto cigar.
— Ad. "Vance.
IN THE RING.
"The flr_'. time I ever say Parson Davies
rattled," said a sporting man the other day.
"was Monday night. I was watching the
Parson when Choynski was knocked out. The
Parson is always pale, but he turned gray,
| dropped hts watch upon the floor, and I
j thought he was going to faint."
I The challenge which George Green (Young
I Corbett) issued to McAuliffe after the Mc-
I Auliffe-Carroll fight, seems to have awakened
the eld lightweight champion. McAuliffe has
expressed a willingness to meet Green.
Parson Davies expects to take Choynski,
I Armstrong and Barry to England in Decem-
I ber. He will challenge any boxer in England
I to meet Choynski, and will put Barry against
Palmer or Plimmer at 112 pounds, weigh-in
at the ring side.
Negotiations are pending between Ben
Falk, manager of the Golden West Athletic
club, and the manager of Craig, known as
the "Harlem Coffee Cooler," for a match
with Dan Creedon. Craig was at one time
the champion middleweight of England.
Now that Erne has stood before Dixon,
Jim Kennedy wants to match him against Mc-
Portland for $1,000 a side in private.
Aside from the long-heralded and widely
doubted "big fight," this week lovers of the i
j manly art can get a run for their money in !
the meeting of Everhart and Ernst Tuesday I
Sullivan, lt is said, mis* part with that j
right hand, after all, surgeons failing to
stem the cancer's growth.
John J. Quinn, manager of Pugilist Peter I
Maher, has fallen heir to $25,000, left by his ;
! sister in England. -I
It ls said that Dick O'Brien has been flirt- I
ing with the New York boxing clubs, and as a j
! consequence will find himself out of an en
i gagement. The story is that he is signed to
! meet Wolcott before one institution and Dan
Creedon before another..
Fred A. Brown thinks Cotter, who ls to
meet Casey Dec. 7, a comer. He outfought
Van Heest In six rounds, and Brown says he
is a very hard hitter. Brown laments the
i fact that he cannot make a go with Ham
j mond, whom he imagines he can beat easily.
Preliminary articles have been signed for a
| match between "Billy" Plimmer and "Sam"'
Kelly at the Olympic club, Birmingham, for
£SOO ($4,000) next March. Preliminary articles
have also been signed for a sculling match
between Barry and Gaudaur for £600 ($2,500)
on the Thames ln April.
Peter Maher's "bit" out of the purse he
won in the Choynski light ls said to have
Paddy Purtell ls in New York, according
to the Sun, of that city, looking for a match
with Joe Walcott.
Jack Reid. of Ireland, ao4 Harry Fisher, of
Brooklyn, have been matched to box ten
rounds at catch weights.
Stanton Abbott and Mike Leonard were
matched, on Saturday, to box twelve rounds
at 135 pounds
A COSTLY SHORT SUIT LEAD.
A remarkable deal was played last
week in a team of tour game at the
whist club. A firs believer ln the
long suit tried the *p_periment of lead
ing from queen, jick and one small
in preference to opening a Aye card
suit, eight spot High;* We give the
hands and the playjat^oth tables. The
result is not inten^fed f-s an argument
in favor of the lorift stilt game, for w<v
admit that the disaster that followed
the short suit lead lnythe deal would
not happen once in a thousand times
Indeed we seriously think that the
short suit lead from such a hand is apt
to produce better results than the long
North— Spades, 10, 9, 6, 2; hearts, none;
clubs. A, J, 9, 5; diamonds, K. Q„ 10, 9, 3.
East— Spadc<, Q, J, 4; hearts, 8, 7, 6, 5, 3;
clubs, 2; diamonds, 8, 7, 6, 2.
South— Spades, A, 8, 3; hearts, 4, 2; clubs,
X, Q, 8, 6, 4, 3; diamonds, J, 5.
West— Spades, X, 7, 6; hearts, A, X, Q, J,
10, 9; clubs, 10, 7; diamonds, A, 4.
Ten diamonds turned. Leader, East.
Table 1. T~ Table 2.
N. E. S. W.N. E. S. W.
5s Qs «As 6s *3d 5h 2h 9h
*Ac 2c Qc 7c 6c 2c *Qc 7c
Qd 2d 5d *Ad 9d 2d *Jd 4d
•3d 3h 2h Qh'lOd Gd 5d »Ad
*Kd 6d Jd 4d,*Qd 3h 4h Ah
*9d 7d 3s Ah*Kd 7d 3s 6s
*10d 8d 4h 7s'Ac *8d 3c 10c
*Jc 5h 3c 10c '2s 8h 8s *10h
9c 6h *Xc 9hss 6h 4e »Jh
5c 7h *8c loh9s 7h 6c *Qh
23 8h *6c JhlOs 4s 8c ♦Kh
9s 4s *4c Kh'9c Js »As 7s
10s Js 8s *Ks'Jc Qc *Xc Ks
Score— N. and S., 11.1 Score— N. and S., 7.
Trick One— East's lead costs four tricks.
The distribution of the cards is remarkable.
East figured that there was no chance of
making anything in hearts, and that he
might kill an honor in his partner's hand
I by leading that suit. The lead of the queen
of tpades we consider justifiable, especially
ln view of the four trumps in East's hand,
the danger of assisting in the making of an
adverse suit being lessened by the presence
of the four trumps.
Trick Two— South opens regularly from his
club suit, and North overtakes queen with
ace in order to lead trumps.
Trick 3: North makes the regular lead
from his combination of trumps.
Trick 4: North plays for everything in
sight and trumps the heart. Note West's
lead of queen from A, X, Q, J, and others
We regard this change from the recognized
American high card leads as one of very
few which possess any merit; the lead of
a jack thus always indicates the absence of
the ace. Curiously enough, each of the four
players has had a load and has led a queen.
Trick 5: North leads king of trumps and
is pleased when the jack falls. He finds
four trumps with East and picks them all up.
Trick 8: An exception to the rule of re
turning the lowest of four of partners' suit.
Play so as not to block ths suit. North re
turns jack of clubs and then nine.
Tricks 9 to 13: South brings in his club
suit. The last trick goes to West with ace
Trick 1: East opens his hands convention
ally and forces the five-trump hand; North is
inclined to swear at South for not playing
a better second hand, until the development
shows the position of the hearts.
Trick 3: North leads his club suit, which
seems his best play, but lt is clear that the
whole hand could have been made by lead
ing a trump, if West- wins with ace and
North refuses the forcer Squth would trump
the next heart, lead a club, and North would
exhaust all the trumps.
Trick 4: South marks an original holding
of at least five trumps with North, as he
trumped the first lead of hearts, and led a
four-card suit. South has no other lead, but
Jack of trumps. West's refusal to play ace
is very lucky and pr#ba|>ly sound. If he
plays ace and leads heart North will re
fuse the force, and make the hand with the
exception of a trump which East will make
Tricks 5 tc 13: West wins with ace ot~
trumps. The rest is easy. North is com
pelled to take the force, East is left with the
thirteenth trump, and the heart suit comes
Had this deal been played ln a match for
the Hamilton or Challenge trophy the losers
would have had a perfect, right to tell a hard
luck story, for In our opinion the play at
neither table is subject to criticism.
We answered in this column last week a
question propounded by a West Superior cor
respondent. The point was as to East's
proper play at trick 4 from the following
hand and on the following development:
East's hand: Spades, 4; hearts, J., 10, 8, 4,
3. 2; clubs. A, 3; diamonds, Q, J, 10, 4. Six
of clubs turned by North. The play:
N. E. S. W.
5h 4h *5c Kh
! Kd 4d Ad *4c
2s 4s 9s *As
We adv:sed East's trumping with the three
of trumps, and gave our opinion as to the
probable lay of the cards ln the different
hands. We credited West with no more
hearts, and five trumps. We have since
learned that the cards were actually dis
tributed as follows:
North— Spades, 7, 2; hearts, A, 9, 7, 6, 5;
clubs, Q, J, 8, 7, 6; diamonds, K.
East as given above.
South— Spades, X, 10, 9; hearts, none; clubs
X, 5; diamonds, A, 9, 8, 7, 6,* 5, 3, 2.
West— Spades, A, Q, J, 8. 6, 5, 3; hearts,
X, Q; clubs, 10, 9, 4, 2; diamonds, none.
West had played king of hearts at trick
1 from king, queen alone, a false card play
that fooled us and, we are Informed, his
partner. The false card play was bad, in
our opinion, as is almost any false card
play in partners suit; the deception is al
most sure to harm partner and not the ad
We should have been Inclined to lead the
ten of trumps from West's hand after trump
ing ace of diamonds. The hand is a very
interesting one, and whist students who
take the pains to analyze the possible play
will be amply repaid for their trouble.
A FEW POINTS ILLUSTRATED.
We have before this made the remark that
bad play is often moreinstanictive than good
play. We give below a. deal that was played
in one of the Gordon trophy games last Mon
day night. It contains several whist lessons
that ought to be learned; the return of part
ner's suit; not to put too much confidence in
the honesty with which a wily opponent plays
his cards; an easy lesson in counting the
hands. It also. shows that a false card play
may be very deadly against poor opponents,
while of no use against fine players, and that
the safest guard against false-carding is
watching the drop for other indications.
North— Spades, 7. 4; hearts. Q. 7, 6; cjubs,
A, 0, 5; diamonds. A. J. 9, 7, 3. East— Spades,
A, 9. 8, 6. 2; hearts, lft, 3; clubs, J. 9, 4, 2;
diamonds, 5, 4. South-r-Spades, J, 3; hearts.
A, J, 6, 4; clubs, Q. 10, 8. 3; diamonds, Q, 6,
2. West— Spades, X, Q, 10, 5; hearts, X, 8, 5,
2; clubs, X, 7; diamonds, X, 10, 8.
Four of hearts trump. Leader, West.
The play at one table follows:
N. S. E. W.
1 2s 3s »Ks 4s
2 lOh *Jh 2h 6h
3 2c 3c Xc *Ac
4 4d Qd »Kd 7d
6 *As Js 5s 7s
6 9c *10c 7c 5c
7 3h 4h 5h *Qh
8 5d *Ah -3h 7h
9 4c Qc *Kh 6c
10 6s *6h Qs 3d
11 »Jc 8c 10s 9d
12 »9s 2d 8d Jd
13 *8s 6d lOd Ad
Score: North and South, 7.
Trick 2.— Souths trump lead ls sound.
Trick 3.— We should not play king second
hand in this situation. South cannot lead
trumps again advantageously, but he would
like to have his partner get the lead and
return the trump. South does not want the
lead and should play low.
Trick 4.— There are excellent reasons why
West should return his partner's suit. His
own suit is strong, but he is weak ln trumps
and has no re-entry. He should return the
club to give East a finesse; the play of
king second hand has disclosed Souths weak
ness, and a lead up to him may result ln
a force which will prevent the making of the
Trick s.— North sees that the diamond suit
is completely established against him, and
avoids a second lead of trumps.
Trick 6.— A curious false-card play made
with a double object. -Nprai decides not to
return the trump, as 6ne uT the adversaries
must have held at leasf^foun' and partner was
not strong enough to cofttintife the lead. North
cannot lead spades, for thft 1 weak hand will
trump and the strong hah-d get a discard ;
he does not like to lead tlie diamond up to
West's strength. He decides to return the
club through the strong _jhand, and leads
the nine frpm jack, nine, four. His Idea is
that East will play hftn for returning the
highest of two and w'lf placd jack with South
or West and go up wifH qiftfen. While, if he
leads a low card, EasfWHP'be sure to paBS.
We think that East, k>n principle, should
have passed the nine, or gone up- with queen,
j for lt certainly seems impossible for him to
decipher North's play, and his subsequent
play shows that he did not.
Trick B.— East plays dangerously ln return
ing the trump. There can be no gain unless
vVest hold's both ace and king, and there may
be a decided loss if he does not hold ace
East Bhould make a sure thing of the hand
by returning the club.
c rle !- H- _North ' s false c,ub lead at trick
. ed t _ ie P° B,t, on of the clubs in East's
mind, and he was apparently so certain that
-!-_• pa K r . tne I. he,d Jack of clubß that he did not
di«m„n? L BCard^ at trick 10 - The three of
pir? *«.' fu °. ws that Weßt had originally five
?h^ s ot suit, and that, therefore his
thi -„- - L. ma , ,n, , n S cards are a ll diamonds and
ftmJi ♦° f C l Ubs must be wlth North - East
failed to read a very simple situation and
«k« ."."" tHcks at Nortn Of coSrse Sotah
takes the opportunity to get rid of the ten
VtF£S-&* North a * ,ear fie,d *Sh h?s
HAMILTONS STILL CHAMPIONS.
-„ The , Ham,l - 0n four defeated the Amrlta
four from Poughkeepsie In a ChXee
S°S y _ m Th C , h ,aßt , Saturda y by a the C sc^. e e ng o?
ter of th- £» «» u » 1 " »c record ln the mat
,ol£-*^od'^ence between the winner's and
srciSSVi Snt.**** 1 Fergus paiis
follows^ 01 " 6 by dCaIS ° f laSt Sa^^ays match
Deals. 111± 5 6 7 8 Total.
A^~ lta 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 _
Deals. j> 10 U 12 13 14 15 16 Total.
Hamilton i l"o"o"ll"^^ 7
A ™ rlta 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 1
Deals. 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Total.
Hamilton 1 0 0 1~0~0~1 ~1 4
A SI 1 > 0 00 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deals. 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Total.
Han 3" ton ~0~0~0~0~l~.il; 2
A^ Ita 1110 0 0 0 0 3
Deals. 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Total.
" a ™" ton 3 2"oHll~o" 10
A ° lrlta -... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deals. « 42 43 41 45 46 47 48 Total.
Hamilton 4 0 1 0~0~3 ~2 0 10
Amrita 000 00 0 0 3 3
Total— Hamilton, 38; Amrlta 9
The Philadelphia Telegraph contains a most
Interesting account of the differences in leads
which we give below. Mr. Work says that
Amrita played a rather old-fashioned game
in the matter of leads, sticking to the "anti
quated ten lead from king, jack, ten; now,
we believe, discarded by all flrst-class teams
except St. Paul," and leading ace from ace
FITZSIMMONS' NEW IDEA.
x. Robert Fitzsimmons, who holds the fistic
championship of the world, has applied for
letters patent, through John Wedderburn &
Co., patent attorneys, Washington, D. C. for
a punching bag platform, which is very
unique and attractive. "Bob" intends using
this platform in his*"performances, and it will
undoubtedly be a great addition to his para
phernalia and add much to the general effect
of his exhibition.
In its general characteristics, the punching
bag platform comprises two centrally ar
ranged circular frames or rings of resonant
material, which are placed one above the
other, and connected so as to form a sound
ing board. The open center of this sounding
board contains a light skeleton frame, having
a central head, from which is suspended the
punching bag, the suspending cord being of
a length which will cause the bag to impinge
against the lower surface of the sounding
board in whatever direction the bag is
From the periphery of this platform or
sounding board extends an outer skeleton
frame, consisting of a series of radiating
and four others "which the St. Paul players
taught the whist world to honor in the breach
rather than the observance." In this connec
tion it is proper to announce that the "anti
quated lead" has been discarded by some St.
Paul players, though the members of the old
St. Paul team still stick to it. A captain
of one of the Gordon trophy teams has posted
on the club bulletin board a notice to the ef
fect that- the members of his team will lead
the ten from queen. Jack, ten, and fourth
best from king, Jack, ten. St. Paul does
not claim to have originated the fourth-best
lead from ace and four others, though we
believe that St. Paul and Minneapolis play
ers were the first to make the lead syetem
atically in trophy matches. We are gratified
at the statement made by Mr. Work, partly
because it is complimentary to St. Paul whist
players, but mainly because it alleges
that the whist world has learned the lesson.
We believe that this is true as to a great
part of the whist world, but that there are
some players who have not learned the les
son is evidenced by the leads made by
Hamilton's opponents ln recent trophy
The following summary shows the dif
ferences in leads in the Hamilton-Amrita
Same card opened in 27 deals
Same suit, but not same card, opened
in 7 deals
Different suit opened in 14 deals
Total 48 deals
In the seven deals in which the same suit,
but not the same card, was opened there
were four, Nos. 14, 15, 17, 26, in which Am
rita opened ace, Hamilton, fourth best,
from ace and four others. One, No. 7, in
which Amrita opened ten, Hamilton eight,
from king, jack, ten, eight, three. One,
No. 35, in which Amrita opened nine, Hamil
ton queen, from king, queen, ten, nine, six,
of trumps, and one, No. 37, In which Ham
ilton opened 8, Amrita 5, from ace, eight
seven, five of spades, the ace of diamonds
being turned and the leader holding king,
queen, five, three, two of diamonds.
The fourteen hands from which different
suits were led were Nos. 5, 9, 13, 16, 19, 20
21. 23, 27, 29, 33, 43, 47 and 48. In Nos. 20,
21, 27 and 47 an honor was turned.
We give the fourteen hands in the order
named above. We have for the pake of sim
plicity, so transposed the cards that heart is
trump in every case.
Spades. Hearts. Clubs. Diamond!
A, 5, 2 A, 8, 4, 3, 2K,7, 3, 2 8
9, 7, 6, 5 A, 6 A, Q, 4 X, 7, 4, 2
A, 10, 7, 6 10, 7 J, 8, 6, 5, 2 X, 6
Q, J, 9 A, Q, 6, 3 J, 4, 3, 2 10, 8
A, X, 5 8, 7, 5 A, 5, 2 A, 8, 7, 5
Q, J, 6 8, 7, 6, 4 A, Q, 7, 6 10, 5
A, Q. 8, 3, 2J, 6 X, 9, 3, 2 X, 4
J, 5, 3, 2 9, 8 K. 5, 4 X, Q, 6, 3
At Q, J, 5 J, 7 8, 4, 8 A, Q, 6, 3
10, 4 A, 10, 7, 6, 2 8, 5 10, 8, 6, 3
10, 9, 8 Q, 10, 7, 3 8, 3 8, 7, 4, 2
10, 3, 2 J, 10. 5, 4. 3 10, 9, 6, 2 J
7, 5, 2 Q, 7,5, 4, 3 3, 2 10, 4, 2
X, J, 10, 2. Q, J, 10, 3 5 A, 8, 7, 3
The leads made were as follows:
Deal. Hamilton. Amrita.
5 3 Hearts. 2 Clubs.
9 9 Spades. 2 Diamonds.
13 5 Clubs. 6 Spades.
16 Queen Spades. 2 Clubs.
19 5 Diamonds. 8 Hearts.
20 6 Clubs. Jack Spades.
21 3 Spadee. 2 Clubs.
23 King Diamonds 2 Spades.
J7 3 Diamonds. Ace Spades.
29 6 Hearts. 10 Spades.
33 8 Diamonds. 10 Spades.
43 10 Clubs. Jack Diamonds.
47 3 Clubs. 10 Diamonds.
48 3 Diamonds. 2 Spades.
CHALLENGE TROPHY STATISTICS.
The Telegraph gives the full records of
matches played fer thm Challenge trophy.
These are valuable and Interesting statistics,
and we give them herewith:
1894 Congress won by Minneapolis.
Challenge matches played between 1894 con
gress and 1895 congress:
Date. Winner. Score. Loser. Score, gin.
Nov. 10. Mpls. 29 Chicago. 10 19
Dec. 22. Mpls. 30 Stillwater. 17 13
Dec. 29. Mpls. 32 Fergus Falls. 5 27
Jan. 11. Mpls. 24 St. Paul. 13 11
Jan. 20. Hamilton 30 Chicago. 16 14
Feb. 8. Hamilton. 29 Knlck'b'k'r. 16 13
Feb. 23. Hamilton. 30 Newton. 13 17
Mar. 16. Hamilton. 27 Brooklyn. 19 8
Mar. 9. Hamilton. 37 Baltimore. 16 21
Mar. 23. Park. 24 Hamilton. 23 1
Mar. 30. Park. 26 Phila. 22 3
Apr. 6. Albany. 2« Park. 22 6
Apr. 13. Continent'l 26 Albany. 20 6
•Apr.2o. Continent'l 20 Hamilton. 20 Tie
Apr. 27. Hamilton. 21 Continental. 18 3
This match resulted in a t'e. which was
played off one week later In a 48 deal match,
the score of which is given above.
1895 Congress won by Nashville.
Challenge matches played between 1895 con
gress and 1896 congress:
Date. Winner. Score. Loser. Score, gin.
Oct. 19. Hamilton. 22 Nashville. 13 9
Nov. 9. Hamilton. 27 Park. 11 16
Nov. 23. Baltimore. 22 Hamilton. 18 4
Dec. 7. Phila. 20 Baltimore. 13 7
Dec. 14. ConUenfl. 21 Phila. 13 8
Dec. 21. Albany. 24 Continental. 17 7
Dec. 29. Albany. 24 Brooklyn. 20 4
Jan. 4. Capital. 29 Albany. 22 7
Jan. 18. Capital. 27 Hamilton. 21 6
Jan. 25. Baltimore. 21 Capital. 17 4
Jan. 28. St. Paul. 35 American. 11 24
Feb. 22. St. Paul. 31 Chicago. 19 12
Mar. 1. St. Paul. 41 Fergus Falls 12 29
Apr. 11. St. Paul. 21 Chicago. 19 2
Apr. 27. St. Paul. 37 Duluth. 11 26
1896 Congress won by New York.
Challenge matches between 1896 congress
Date. Winner. Score. Loser. Score, gin.
Oct. 10. New York. 29 Phila. 21 8
Oct. 24. Narragans't 26 New York. 17 9
Oct. 31*Narragans't 23 Brooklyn.* 23 Tie
Nov. 7. Hamilton. 28 Narragansett. 9 19
Nov. 14. Hamilton. 26 Boston Dup. 16 10
Nov. 21 Hamilton. 38 Amrita. 9 29
•The tie was played off Immediately in an
eight-deal match, Narragansett winning by
the score of 8 to 0.
Summary of Challenge matches won—
Hamilton 11 Continental 2
St. Paul 5 Capital 2
Minneapolis 4 Baltimore 2
Albany 3 Philadelphia 1
Narragansett 2 New York 1
Summary of tricks won and lost-
Won. Lost. P.C.
Minneapolis 115 45 .718
St. Paul 178 96 .649
Hamilton 397 249 .614
Capital 73 64 .533
Albany 118 114 .508
Continental 102 99 .506
New York 46 47 .494
Narragansett 66 68 .492
Philadelphia 77 88 .466
Park 82 100 .450
Baltimore 72 92 .438
arms, having open centers and resembling
the points of a mammoth star. These arms
or points are connected at their outer ex
tremities to the upper ends of standards
which support the sounding board at the
proper elevation above the head of the oper
ator. The arms are also furnished at their
outer ends with sockets to receive the staffs
of flags of different nations, a feature which
affords a high degree of ornamentation and
renders the apparatus very attractive to the
eye. In addition to the advantageous points
noted above, the inner and outer skeleton
frames admit an ample supply of light be
neath the sounding board or platform, and
obviate darkening the operating space, an
objection incident to the ordinary solid or
close platform at present in use. By means
of the sounding board, the blows of the
punching bag are magnified and can easily be
heard in any part of the theater.
The improved platform is quite a departure
from those heretofore in use, and will no
doubt attract a great deal of attention on ac
count of the beauty of its design and its re
Brooklyn 62 82 430
Boston Duplicate 16 26 381
64 in ; 355
Stillwater 17 80 m
Knickerbocker 16 29 355
Nashville 13 2 9 34'
Newton 13 30 "g^
American 11 35 2 39
Duluth 11 37
Amrita 9 38 191
Fergus Falls 17 73 188
From the above it will be seen that while
on the percentage basis two clubs, Minneap
fif «? d * S^..f^ vl ,'u l . re ahead of Hamilton,
the West Philadelphians, nevertheless, have
a long lead ln the matter of matches won
being six ahead of their nearest competitor.'
rwenty wins gives permanent possession of
Baltimore played Hamilton for the chal
lenge trophy yesterday. These are admittedly
the two strongest teams in the East, and the
announcement of the result of the match is
awaited with great interest. Our selection
is Hamilton, but we would not bid high tor
LOCAL WHIST NOTES.
The first games in the Gordon trophy
tournament were played last Monday evening
ft 1 tje matches scheduled were played with
the following results: Briggs' team beat
?X> «£L £ n Y"- k: Zenzius and Bunn played
a. tie match; Erwln won from Sargent by eight
Lnd^n^'" f /° m Fetter by thirteen tr^ks
ana Gordon s team came out two trickq
f-ISS ?' ?« ,ord ' 8 - Mucl > interest was rnlil!
fested in the games, for the teams appeared
to be vrey closely matched; the new players
W l re „ v , e y uncertain quantities. The games
scheduled for tomorrow night are: BrWs
M.t B a u° rd: £° rdon vs ' War *- Bunn vs. ijlf
STL™* g r e gent; ErWln VS - Fetter: »
Metcalf and Sargent were seven plus In
last week's Wednesday night progressive
fame, and carried off the high score badges
Miller and Buford still have a good lead in
the race for the championship medals.
—George L. Bunn.
REVISING GOLF RILES.
United States Association Has a
The matter of revision of the rules of
golf in America, or rather of the inter
pretation of the rules, has proved no
small task, and a report will not be
submitted before the annual meetine in
December. In the meantime the com
mittee reports that it is in correspond
ence with the best authorities, both in
the United States and Europe, and that
the rules will be ready for the action
of the delegates at the annual meeting
Each rule will be interpreted both aus to
match and medal play, with penalties
incurred for the violation of the same.
Some of the clubs in the United States
Golf association will be required to
make some changes in the game as
played on their links before their mem
bers will be able to conform to the new
definition of an amateur, but the step
taken is in the right direction and will
do much, if rigidly enforced by the
local clubs, to elevate true sport. Tha
old definition of an amateur was ob
jected to as being too loosely drawn
and not suited to the conditions of the
game in this country, although lt was
adopted from the rules of the Royal
and Honorable Golf club, of St An
drews. The principal objection was
that lt left an opportunity to golfers to
play for money, and that some players
took advantage of this may be Inferred
from the fact that two members of
clubs, near New York, this summer
played a match of eighteen holes for'
5100 a hole, the winner receiving $900.
The fact that the players were well
known golfers, who could easily afford
the loss, has no bearing upon the ethi
cal status of the match. To prevent
playing for money, so that golf shall
not degenerate into a mere "gambling
game," the bane of many American
sports, the executive committee of the'
United States Golf association adopted,
the new rule, which reads as follows:
"Section 9— An amateur golfer shall
be a golfer who has never received
money consideration for playing in a
match or for giving lessons ln the
game, or for example of his skill in of
knowledge of golf, nor laid out nor
taken charge of golf links for hire,
who has never contended for a money
prize in an open competition, who has
never carried clubs for hire, after at
taining the age of fifteen years, who
has never personally made golf clubs,
balls or any other articles connected
with the game for sale, and who on and
after Jan. 1, 1897, has never played a
match game against a professional for
a money bet or stake, nor played ln a
club competition for a money prize or
The officers of the association are
thoroughly in earnest in their efforts
to prevent the game from degenera
tion, and if this rule Is not sufficiently
"ironclad" the committee will try
again. Regarding the competition for
the amateur championship, section 10
of the rules was amended to read as
"No person shall be eligible to com
pete for the amateur championship or
ln any golfing conest betweet clubs,
members of this association, who, after
Jan. 1, 1897, has received compensation
for services performed in any athletio
organization or in any capacity con-*
nected with the game of golf. But
persons debarred by any of the fore
going provisions of this section, having
become ineligible by violation thereof,
may, by the executive committee, bs
duly reinstated if their position then
conforms with the rules and regulations
of this association. But no person,
once a professional, can be reinstated
as an amateur. Only members of clubs
belonging to this association, subscrib
ers for the season thereto, and those
entitled under the rules of any associ
ate or allied club to the use of the
links, in whole or in part, for a period
not less than the entire current sea
son, can compete for the amateur and
i women's championship, and competi
j tors must enter for the championship
through the secretaries of their respect
ive clubs, who, in sending in theh
names, shall be held to certify that the
players are bona fide golfers in accord
ance with the terms of the foregoing
FOR PURER ATHLETICS.
Amateur Athletio Union Issues ■
President McMillan, of the Amateur Ath
letic union, in his annual address, sayss
There may not be quite so many organized
associations in the union as there were a
few years since, when the athletic fevei
swept the land from on 9 extreme to th«
other; but lt is the general habit of the peo
ple to give specific attention to such different
forms of exercise as opportunity offers. Th«
tennis court is an ever-present adornment to
the landscape; golf ls but a recent addition
to the catalogue, but its advocates are legion)
we have become a nation of bicycle riders;
and where formerly a good swimmer was a
rarity, a visit to our river banks, lak<
shores, or ocean beaches during the summei
months brings to view thousands.
Time was when large assemblages gathered
to see competitions between the adolescent
brawn and sinew of the land and then dis
persed to think no more of such matters
until some succeeding event of like character
should call them out again. Things have
changed to this extent, that now these same
spectators have become disputants in athletic
life; they are not only discussing the strong
points of individual or team efforts, but they
are studying what form of exercise will best
benefit themselves. It has not been long
since some few nationalities were specially
indicated as being physically superior, but
today the American men and women — or to
be more concise, the people of this country
concede nothing ln this respect to any other
Athletics have suffered from the same
causes that have depressed business and other
conditions, but the trend now in all matters
is advancement and progress.
With the approaching hoped-for prosperity
of the country and the greater ability of our
communities to participate in sport, there
also comes the necessity for the Amateur
Athletic union, the greatest federation for the
promotion of physical culture that the world
has ever known, tc frame Its ruies and laws
so that "he who runs may read.' They should
be In simple verbiage, easily understood,
clear in defining, and, above all, should be
rigidly enforced. Since the world began, the
spirit of emulation, natural ambition, and an
intense desire to excel, has caused, and will
continue to cause, those who strive for both
personal satisfaction and public applause to
proceed to extremes in their efforts fot
victory. The spirit of justice must govern
all competition. There must be honesty in
athletics, or else the cause we honor and
love so well will become vitiated and weak
ened and the fabric we have raised totter
and crumble to ruin. No matter whether
the individual or the organization be of su
perior or inferior caste, wealth or position,
the spirit of our republican institutions,
which is. absolute moral equity In the de
cision of all contentions, must and shall pre
In line with this idea special attention ia
called to the action of the Atlantic associa
tion ln requesting the national body to take
action in the matter of registration of ath
letes. It is claimed that it will absolutely
prevent maliciously disposed individuals from
taking any unfair advantage, that it gives
tc the handicappers all over the country full
knowledge of the capacity of competitors, and
amounts to total prohibition of impersonation
by unknown athletes desiring to pose as
amateurs when they should not. It ls ad
mitted by advocates of the plan that whilst
the trifling fee required may be insufficient
to support the increased expense, yet the
incalculable benefit to fair and square deal
ing will far outreach any loss that might
be sustained financially.
THEY RIDICULE IT.
MANY PEOPLE RIDICULE THE 11.E4
OP AN ABSOLUTE CURE FOR
DYSPEPSIA AST) STOM
Ridicule, However, Is Not Argu
ment, and Facts Are Stubborn
Stomach troubles are so common and
ln many cases so obstinate to cure that
people are apt to look with suspicion on
any remedy claiming to be a radical,
permanent cure for dyspepsia and indi
gestion. Many such pride themselves
on their acuteness in never being hum
bugged, especially on medicines.
This fear of being humbugged may be
carried too far; so far, in fact, that
many persons suffer for years with
weak digestion rather than risk a little
time and money in faithfully testing
the claims of a preparation so reliable
and universally used as Stuart's Dys
Now Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are
vastly different in one important re
spect from ordinary proprietary medi
cines for the reason that they are not a
secret patent medicine, no secret is
made of their ingredients, but analysis
shows them to contain the natural di
gestive ferments, pure aseptic pepsin,
the digestive acids, Golden Seal, bis
muth, hydratis and nux. They are not
cathartic, neither do they act power
fully on any organ, but they cure indi
gestion on the common sense plan of
digesting the food eaten thoroughly be
fore it has time to ferment, sour and
cause the mischief. This is the only
secret of their success.
Cathartic pills never have and never
can cure indigestion and stomach trou
bles because they act entirely uj _n the
bowels, whereas the whole trouble ls
really in the stomach.
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets, taken af
ter meals, digest the food. That is all
there is to it. Food not digested or
half digested is poison as it creates
gas, acidity, headaches, palpitation of
the heart, loss of flesh and appetite
and many other troubles which are
often called by some other name.
They are sold by druggists everywhere
at 50 cents per package. Address Stu
art Co., Marshall, Mich., for little book
on stomach diseases, sent free.