Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXI.— NO. 197.
an is swi
REVERSE TO THE SPANISH ARMS
IN CUBA COMPLETE
DETAILS OF STTEBENDER OF
THE PROVINCE OF SANTIAGO
GEX. TORAL KIXAI.I.Y ACCEDED TO
ALL, AMERICAN DEMANDS
tyillwh Commander Shrewdly Plays
for Delay by Announcing That
He "Was Merely a Subordinate,
Kxccnttnir the Wl»hea of His Su- j
pertera <;en. Shafter Finally j
Wearied of the Ey-Play, Pro
nounced Hlm I'U limit urn, and
Toral Vicliled Victory of Amer.
i«-«m Forces Far More Sweeping
Than at Firitt Thought.
Copyrighted by the Associated Press.
SANTIAGO, July 14 (via Kingston,
July 15).— The reverse to the Spanish
arms in Eastern Cuba is complete. San
tiago has fallen, and with It all the j
eastern end of the island. Gen. Toral,
the Spanish commander, agreed to the
jreneral terms of the surrender at a
Personal interview with Gen. Shafter
this afternoon, at which Gen. Miles
The victorious army, after a cam- |
paign of three weeks of almost un- j
preeedented hardships for both officers !
and men, accept the news with heart
The victory is greater than appeared i
at first. All the Spanish troops in the I
Fourth corps, the military division of
Santiago province, from a line drawn
north from Asseraderos, eighteen miles
West of Santiago, through Las Pa'mas,
P&lmas Sorian, Alcantaza, to Sagua de
T&namo, on the north coast, and east
v. ard to Cape Maysi, are surrendered,
and the territory is abandoned. Be
tween IS.OOO and 20,000 Spanish prison
ers are taken, about 10,000 of whom
are in Santiago. The remainder are at j
Guantanamo and others are garrisoned j
In the towns of Eastern Cuba. All j
these troops are to be embarked and j
cent back to Spain under parol«.
Gen. Shafter bears his honors mod
estly. To a correspondent of the As
sociated Press, he said:
"The enemy has surrendered all the
territory and troops east of Santiago.
The terms were dictated from Wash
ington. It has been a hard campaign
one of the hardest I ever saw. The
difficulties to contend with were great.
Never during our Civil war were more
difficult problems solved. The charac
ter of the country and the roads made
it seem almost impossible to advance
In the fa*e of th*. enemy. The trans
portation facilities have been success
fully surmounted. Our troops have
behaved gallantly. They fought like
heroes and I am proud to have com
manded them. During all the hard
ships they have suffered they have
shown re-solution and spirit. They de-
Berre to conquer.
SPANIARDS FOUGHT STUBBORN
"The resistance of the enemy has
been exceedingly stubborn. Gen. Toral !
has proved hims?lf a foeman worthy of
any man's steel. The negotiations
which culminated in the surrender of
Gen. Toral have been dragging on for
ten days, with the intermission of
Sunday and Monday, when our batter
ies and fleet bombarded the enemy's
position. Throushout these periods of
trace, Gen. Toral has shrewdly play
ed fur time, always declining to sur
render, and falling back, when hard
rresred, upon the statement that he
was simply a subordinate, and power
li-ss to agree to the proposals without
the sanction of his superiors, except
under penalty of b^ing court martlaled.
At the same time he peemed to intimate
that peisonally he thought it useless to
hold out any longer. But he and his
garrison were soldiers, he said, and
could die, if necessary, obeying or
It was at the personal interview held
by Gen. Shafter with Gen. Toral yester
day that the American general made
the Spanish commander understand
that temporizing must cease, and that
before noon today a categorical affirm
ation to his offer must be received or
the bombardment of the city would be
gin in earnest.
In the meantime all our plans had
been perfected. The delay had been
Utilized to good advantage. Our lines
had been extended until Santiago was
nearly surrounded, and our light bat
terk-s had been so posted as to be able
to do more effective work. In addition,
arrangements had been made to land
troops at Cabanas, west of the en
trance of the harbor of Santiago. The
Spanish batteries opposite Morro cas
tle were to be bombarded and stormed.
their guns were then to be turned upon
the city, and Gen. Lawton's division,
at the same time, was to fall on the
enemy's left flank, under the cover of
our artillery fire. We could then have
enfiladed their lines and have driven
them into the city.
Gen. Toral must have realized that
I— Santiago Surrender Sweeping.
Toral Asks Too Much.
Manila Expedition Sails.
2— Conduct of the War.
Weekly Trade Reviews.
3— Recruits at Camp Ramsey.
Thirteenth at Honoiulu.
News or Camp Thomas.
State Health Board Report.
Corner Stone Parade.
Labor Urged to Organize.
6— Srorting News.
Saints Lose to Tigers.
Cycle Races at Lexington Park.
6— Markets of the World.
Bar Silver, 59% c.
Cash Wheat, 73'^c.
7— Minneapolis Matters.
News of the Northwest.
News of the Railroads.
S— County Salary Case Decided.
-J — IIJCLd k3 JL © -JL -Xa. \J jud \JX JIjxJ J3 Jl_j
he was trapped, and that to hold« out
longer must mean a useless sacrifice
of his n:en; but h.- made one last ef
fort to gain more time this morning.
While nominally yielding to the terms
Gen. Shafter proposed before 8 o'clock,
he sent a communication to Gen. Shat
ter enclosing the ccpy of a telegram
from Capt. Gen. Blanco explaining that
the surrender of such an important
position as Santiago and the abandon
ment of Eastern Cuba would require
the direct sanction of the Madrid gov
ernment, and requiring more time to
hear from Madrid. At the same time,
Capt. Gen. Blanco authorized Gen. To
ral, if it was agreeable to the Ameri
can general, to appoint commissioners
of each side to arrange the terms of
the capitulation of the forces under
his command, under the condition of
their parole and transportation to
Spain, pending the sanction of Madrid. I
He also communicated the names of
the commissioners he had selected, j
namely: Mr. Robert Mason, the British !
vice consul; Gen. Toral's chief of staff.
Col. Fontaine, and Gen. Escarajao.
The communication was so ambigu
ous that it might all be upset by the
refusal of Madrid to sanction the terms
agreed to by the commissioners, and
Gen. Shafter resolved to have all the :
ambiguity removed before proceeding J
further. At 11 o'clock he mounted his '
horse, and, together with Gen. Miles |
and staffs, he rode to the front. At
Gen. Wheeler's headquarters, Gen.
Shafter, Gen. Mil^s, Col. Maus and an
inteipreter left their retinue and pass- |
ed over our trenches, with a flag of j
truce, to the mango tree, under which
the interview was held yesterday. They
were soon joined by Gen. Toral, his
chief of staff and the two other com
missioners appointed by him.
MILES A LISTENER.
Gen. Miles took no part in the nego
tiations. He has been careful since his
arrival here not to assume the direction
of affairs or to detract in the least from
the glory of Gen. Shatter's achieve
Gen. Shafter inclsted at the outset
that the commissioners to be appointed
should have paramount authority to
make and conclude the terms of sur
render in accordance with our de
After parleying, Gen. Toral acceded
to this, explaining that since his last
communication he had received direct
authority from Capt. Gen. Blanco to do
bo. This being the main point, the
interview was soon concluded.
Before parting, Gen. Shafter com
plimented Gen. Toral highly upon the
skill and gallantry of his resistance.
Upon the return to Gen. Wheeler's
headquarters, the news of our complete
victory was communicated to Gen.
Lawton and to the brigade command
ers. A scene of general rejoicing fol
The- refugees are to be permitted to
return to their homes, but neither our
troops nor the Cuban auxiliaries are to
be permitted to enter the city at pres
The order as to the Cubans Is very
specific. They have shown a disposi
tion to loot everything, and any place.
But they are not to have the privilege
of glutting their appetites for plunder
A guard is to be maintained about
the city and the camps of our soldiers
are to be removed just to the front or
to the rear of our lines, as In individ
ual cases is most practicable. The
change of the camp sites will undoubt
edly improve the health of the troops.
The whole purpose of the American
commander now is to protect the health
of the army, and especially from the
It is claimed there is no fever in San
tiago, but the city Is full of filth and
stench, and if our men are allowed to
go in, it will undoubtedly become a
The boys in the trenches were ignor
ant of the outcome of the' negotiations
until a heavy luncheon of coffee, hard
tack and corned beef. Then Gen. Shaf
ter appointed Col. Astor and Capt. Mc-
Kltrlck to convey the welcome tidings
along the lines. Some of the officers
favored celebrating the victory With
bands and a noisy demonstration, but
Gen. Shafter vetoed the proposition.
He said there was no occasion to hu
miliate the enemy, who had fought
bravely. Not even cheering was to be
permitted, btvt before Col. Astor and
Capt. McKitrick could warn the sol
diers the latter broke out into wild
hurrahs. Some danced about, threw
their hats into the air, hugged each
other and congratulated themselves
upon the prospect of getting out of
Cuba In a few days. Gen. Shafter in
structed the commissioners that the in
side harbor entrance be immediately
opened, to allow Clara Barton, of the
Red Cross society, and the supply ships
to enter, and that the railroad from
Siboney be opened for a similar pur
We are to supply the Spanish prison
ers with food pending their concentra
tion or embarkation. Gen. Toral re
quested this, saying there was very
ABANDONED THEIR TRENCHES.
It is probable that the Spanish steam
ers in the harbor will be used in part
for the transportation of the surrend
ered soldiers to Spain. The Spanish
troops abandoned the entrenchments
early this afternoon and went into the
city. Our commissioners, accompanied
by an Interpreter, entered the Spanish
lines shortly after 2 o'clock and had
not returned when the correspondent
left with this dispatch.
Gen. Miles and his staff arrived at
Sibonpy from the front this evening and
went aboard the Concha. On the wharf
Gen. Miles said:
"Santiago has surrendered on our
terms, after vainly trying for a long
time to get better ones. The result is
highly gratifying. The Spanish pris
oners will be transported to Spain by
us. The surrender carries with It not
only the city of Santiago, but the en
tire Santiago military district, being
the eastern portion of Cuba, west to a
line drawn from Acerraderos on the
south coast to Sagua on the north coast.
Manzanillo and Holguin are not in
cluded. The poFse?sion of the surrend
ered district will be yielded at one?,
and a commission of six, three from
each side, will meet this afternoon to
arrange the details of the surrender.
The American troops will be left where
they are for a time until they are need
ed for service elsewhere. I do not need
to say what point will be attacked
next. I may come ashore ag»in here
but hardly think so."
SATURDAY » ORNIN& JULY 16, 1893.
SPANIARDS ASR TOO MUCH
UNEASINESS AT WASHINGTON
OVEK DELAYS AT SANTIAGO
Spanish Gen. Toral Wants Gen Shaf
fer to Permit Spaniards Captured
at Santiago to Ketnln Their Arms
— Proposition Thought to Be De
laying Work of CoiiimlmiloDerit—
Porto Rico and Spain.
Washington Bureau St. Paul Olobe, }
Corcoran Building. \
WASHINGTON, July 15.— (Special.)—
There hap been a feeling of uneasiness
here today over the progress of the
negotiations for the surrender of the j
Spanish troops at Santiago, and there
was some plain talk as to the possi
bility that too much might be conceded
the conquered Spaniards. That there
was some sort of a hitch in the pro
ceedings was generally believed, but
the hope was expressed that it would
not prove serious. Secretary Alger was I
early at the cabinet meeting, and when j
approached said that there had been i
nothing of importance received from ;
the front during the day. The wires i
between Washington and the scene of
action were kept hot until late in the
afternoon, when messages from Gens.
Miles and Shatter began to arrive. All
that was given out was that the Span- |
iards were trying to secure all the con
cessions possible, which was to be ex
WANT TO KEEP THEIR ARMS.
Perhaps the most serious demand of
the Spanish Gen. Toral was that the
troops of his army be permitted to re
tain their arms. This it is said Gen.
Toral regarded as a means of relieving
the Spaniards of some of the ignominy
attached to the surrender. War depart
ment officials would not or could not
say what would be done in that direc
tion. It was thought probable, how
ever, that Gen. Shatter would oppose
the proposition made by Gen. Toral,
who, it seems, modified his request to
make It apply to the return of the arms
after the troops had been returned to
The most perplexing problem that
new confronts the government Is how
to get the Spanish prisoners back to
Spain. The proposition to ask steam
ship companies to bid for the job is
most favorably received, as it would
remove the dangers that would other
wise confront the commander at San
tiago in the shape of disease. It is
said that many of the Spanish sol
diers in Santiago are 111, and it is inti
mated that at least some of them have
the dreaded yellow fever. One propo
sition is that the ships now in Santia
go harbor be utilized at least in part.
Their owners could fc« recompensed and
the government, it Is said, figures that |
as the money must be paid to some one !
It might as well go to the Spanish ship
owners and others who have been coop
ed up in Santiago harbor since Cervera
was first bottled up there.
MILES AND WATSON.
The two American commanders who
will likely next absorb public atten
tion are Gen. Miles and Commodore
Watson. The former will have change
of the expedition to Porto Rico, while
the latter will command the fleet that
is to be sent to Spanish waters. It is
said here today that Commodore Wat
son has already received his Instruc
tions, and that he has been ordered to
be in readiness to sail at short notice.
Gen. Miles also expects to be ordered
to Porto Rico at an early date. Plans
for the expedition are being pushed as
rapidly as possible, and when the or
der to move gets forth there will be
nothing in the way to cause delay.
NO PEACE OVERTURES.
It is again given out here that there
have been received by the government
nothing in the shape of peace proposi
tions from Spain— either directly or in
directly. This statement is taken with
a grain of allowance, for while it is
thought that there have perhaps been
no direct overtures from the Spanish
government, it is nevertheless believed
that the administration has been sound
ed as to what terms might induce tae
United States to listen to a proposi
tion looking to a cessation of hositli
ties. Officially it is given out today
that there is now no more prospect for
a termination of the war than there
was a week since, save that the presi
dent is hopeful that the surrender of
Santiago may have the effect of open
ing the eyes of the Spaniards to such
an extent as to lead them to consider
what peace proposals they shall offer.
Foreign diplomats are a unit in the
belief that Spain is making a great
mistake in deferring peace overtures.
GOVERNMENT OP CUBA.
An Experiment Will Probably Be
Made In Santiago Province.
WASHINGTON, July 15.— The politi
cal status of Santiago and its method of
government and administration are now
receiving earnest attention from the
authorities here, for, with the acquisi
tion of several thousand square miles
of Cuban soil, with a large commer
cial port as its center, it becomes neces
sary to determine how it shall be ad
ministered. For the present it is ex
pected the military authorities will
have entire direction of affairs, both
in Santiago city and the surrounding
territory. When the details of the sur
render are carried out there will be
time to consider the larger question
of the permanent status of this tract.
If the precedent of Manila is follow
ed, in which case Gen. Merritt was sent
as military governor, then a military
officer will be designated to administer
affairs at Santiago City and there
abouts. But it Is appreciated that con
ditions are quite different at Santiago
from those at Manila, as the govern
ment has disclaimed a purpose to make
territorial acquisition in Cuba, and has
directed its efforts thus far to making
Cuba free and placing the Cubans in
control. This condition may lead to a
consideration of the expediency of al
lowing the Cubans themselves to es
tablish an administration at Santiago,
thus giving them an opportunity of di
recting its affairs and also giving them
a foothold in the island. In that event
Gen. Garcia, being on. the ground, will
doubtlessly figure prominently in the
administration, although President
Masso and his cabinet are said to be
in the neighboring province of Puerto
Principe and readily accessible to San
No determination has been reached '
so far as can be learned as to the form
of rule, for until the surrender is com
plete there is no disposition to settle
questions that necessarily follow the
surrender. It is felt, however, that
much hinges on the action at Santiago,
as it is the first Cuban town to be se
cured by our army, and to some extent
the method of Its administration will
serve as a precedent for the adminis
tration of other parts of Cuba when it
is overrun by our army.
Toral in Doabt as to Surrender of
Troops Outside Santiago.
WASHINGTON, July 16.— At 1:15 this
morning, when Adjt. Gen. Corbin left
the war department for his home, he
was yet without definite information
fiom Gen. Shafter concerning the sur
render of Santiago.
In accordance vvith the decision
reached at the conference with the
president, he sent instructions to Gen.
Shafter that nothing but an uncondi
tional surrender by Grn. Toral would
be satisfactory to this government. In
view of Shatter's last dispatch, no fear
Is felt that the negotiations for the
surrender of the forc-.s In Santiago
city will not be prosecuted to. a suc
Gen. Toral, it is known, at first In
sisted that his men should be permit
ted to carry their arms with them to
Spain. This concession Gen. Shafter
declined to grant. Gen. Toral has mod
ified his demand respecting the arms,
and has presented a proposition that
the arms taken from his men be taken
to Spain with the troops.
The unusual delay which puzzled the
war officials is accounted for by the
difficulty Gen. Toral is having in sur
rendering that part of the province
under his command which is not In
the city of Santiago. Gen. Shafter es
timates that there are from 12,000 to
15,000 men in Santiago and nearly as
many more in the province outside
the city. It is believed that the delay
in the negotiations Is made necessary
in order to secure the surrender of the
outlying garrisons, come of which may
question Toral's authority to that ef
fect from Madrid.
GEN. SHAFTER)!) REPORT.
Terms Upon AVlilch the Spaniards
In Santiago) Surrendered.
WASHINGTON, July IB.— The following
bulletin has been posted a 4, the war depart
ment from Gen. Shafter:
"Headquarters Santiago, via Playa, July 15.
Adjutant General, Washington: Sent you
several telegrams yesterday, as did Gen.
Miles, In regard to the surrender. Gen.
Toral agreed yesterday positively to surren- ■
der ail the forces under bis command In
Eastern Cuba, upon a distinct understanding
that they were to be sent to Spain by the
United States: that this surrender was au
thorized by Gen. Blanco, and that Its sub- ]
| mission was merely formal. Commissioners I
I to arrange details were appointed— Wheeler,
Lawton and Mlley, on the part of the United j
States. Points were Immediately raised by j
Spanish commissioners. . The discussion j
lasted until 10 o'clock laslf night. My com- ;
missloners think the matter will be settled j
today, and met at 9:30 o'clock this morning.
There are about 12,000 troops in the city
and about as many more in the surrounding
district. Twenty-five thousand in all will"!
be transported. Gen. Miles was present and !
eaid the surrender was as absolute and com- j
plete as possible. It cannot be posible that I
there will be failure in completing arrange
ments. Water famine in the city is imminent.
Have supply cut; this was told Lieut. Mlley
by English commissioner. Will wire fre
quently when negotiations are progressing.
"Major General Commanding."
PORTO RICO EXPEDITION.
Government Declines to Say From
Where It Will Start.
WASHINGTON, July 15.— Telegrams
which have passed between the mili
tary authorities here and those In Cuba
and the agents of the war department
at other places Indicate that prepara
tions for the Porto Rico expedition are
being given earnest attention. The
officials decline to discuss the arrange
ments in progress or say from vhat
port or ports the troops are to embark.
The transports available for carrying
the men are scattered in half a dozen
place 3 and no order has yet been given
to concentrate them at any one port.
WADE IN COMMAND.
The St. Panl Man Succeeds Brooke
at "Camp Thomas.
CHICKAMAUGA, Ga., July 15.— Maj.
Gen. Wade succeeds to the < command
during the absence ot Gen. Brooke. The
telephone system at the park has been
replaced by the telegraph, the signal
corps having perfected a system with
an office at each of the division head
quarters and having direct connection
with the government a>t Washington.
YELLOW FEVER DEATHS.
There Have Been Some in Shatter's
WASHINGTON, July 15.— Reports
that have reached the war department
sliow that there have been some mor
tality among the yellow fever cases
with Shatter's army. These, however,
have been slight, as it is said that up
to the present time but five cases have
resulted fatally. If any roports of ad
ditional cases were received today the
officials refused to make them public.
r :: B :: B : I ! i:ifi:'i;iS B:'f| :■ 2 a H S S: H" E" 1 B l ' g
H Spaniards Cannot Keep Their Arm 3. ■
» WASHINGTON, July 15.— After an extended |
B conference with the president tonight, at which three ■
§ other members of the cabinet were present, Secretary ■
B Alger said: §f
j§ "Thq situation is just this. The Spaniards- at H
g Santiago are prepared to surrender, but they want to ■
Jg carry thetf arms. We have determined to grant no §j
H such concession, nor any concession except the gen- ■
■ erosity of this government to transport them to 1
j Spain." I
X Secretary Alger was asked if it were not the ex- j§
0 pectation, when it was known that no other terms S
§ would be granted, tba surrender would take place, M
S and replied- that such was the case. In any other B§
B event, no further concessions would be offered by g
S this government. ■
IS,iilßiil!il i !!IIB.,iiiailllliilllliillll,illilill!lliilillii!lllil»!::illllB^
FOURTH MANILA EXPEDITION
IT SAILED FEOM SAN FRAN
Crowds Cheered, WhlMles Shrieked
and the Big- Gana of the ButterlcH
Sent Their Thundering; Salutes
as the SIi1;»m Got Under Way for
the Philippines Soldiers Re
SAN FRANCISCO, July 15. — The
fourth Manila expedition is under way.
Shortly after 3 o'clock this afternoon
MaJ. Gen. Otis, from his flagship, the
city of Pue'bla, signaled the transport
Peru to get under way. The signals
were understood by the anxious watch
ers on shore, and by those who had
surrounded the two vessels in small
boats, and were reecived with great
cheerings. As the two vessels got un
der way the cheering increased In
volume and, to the accompaniment of
hundreds of steam whistles and the
firing of bombs and cannon, the two
vessels proceeded slowly down the bay,
past the water front and out to sea.
The soldiers on the transports crowd
ed into the rigging and answered the
cheering of the civilians with hearty
good will and responded to the dipping
flags of the merchant vessels by wav
ing their hats and handkerchiefs.
As the two vessels and the small fleet
accompanying passed the forts the big
guns of the batteries sent forth their
thundering salute, to which the trans
ports responded with their steam
Long before dusk the last good-'byea
had been said to the departing vessels
from the decks of the tugs and the
heavily laden ships departed for their
journey on to Honqlulu, where they
will coal and take on fresh provisions.
Maj. Gen. Otis and staff have their
headquarters on the City of Puebla,
which also carries the remaining com
panies of the Fourteenth United States
Infantry; recruits for the First and Sec
ond battalions of the Eighteenth and
Twenty-third regiments; enlisted men
of the First North Dakota, First
Wyoming and First Idaho; medical of
ficers and members of the hospital
corps, a total of 843 men.
The troops on the Peru consist of j
a squadron of the Fourth United States j
cavalry, light batteries of the Sixth I
United States artillery, a detachment j
of the Third United States artillery, a
detachment of the signal corps under
Capt. Russell, a detachment of volun
teers, medical officers and members of
the hospital corps — about 920 men.
The last orders of Gen. Otis before
leaving were that the remaining trans
ports should sail as soon as possible,
irrespective of fleets or other expected
vessels. Each one, he Baid, should go
by Itself, If necessary. The Pennsyl
vania and City of Rio de Janeiro are
both nearly ready and will probably
be prepared to sail by next Thursday.
The loading of the commissary Stores
on these two vessels began today.
Brig. Gen. H. G. Otis has finally been
selected to command the fifth expedi
tion to Manila. His fleet will consist
of the steamers Rio de Janeiro, St.
Paul and Pennsylvania.
The war department has instructed
Gen. Otis to relieve the First Utah cav
alry from the expected duty in the
Philippines and to transfer the troop
to the department of MaJ. Gen. Mer
GEN. MERRITT AT HONOLULU.
Fleet Delayed Twelve Hovra !>:>
Damaee to the Indiana.
HONOLULU, July B.— The transports
arrived yesterday followed closely by
the Newport. There was a slight ac
cident to the machinery of the latter
on the way down as the result of which
she was hove to for several hours. Af
ter she arrived it was given out that
she would coal as fast as possible and
hurry to Manila without regard to
other vessels of the expedition in port.
At 5:30 this morning the Indiana
raised anchor and moved outside the
harbor. She was followed closely by
the Ohio and Morgan City. At 9:30
o'clock the City of Para moved out
side and joined the fleet.
Just before noon the Valencia and
Newport, the latter with Gen. Merritt
and staff on board, left the harbor,
the signal to sail was given and the
vessels moved off. Before dark the
Indiana, the flagship, returned, accom
panied by the rest of the fleet, with the
exception of the Newport, which went
on ahead. The officers of the Indiana
reported that the boiler had sprung a
leak, necessitating a return. It will
take twelve hours to make the neces
sary repairs. The fleet will make an
other start tomorrow morning.
Murat Halstead arrived by the New
port. Since leaving San Francisco Mr.
Halstead has been suffering from a
slow fever and was transferred from
the ship to the local hospital, where he
is likely to remain for some days to
come. He may decide to return to San
Francisco unless a marked change in
his condition takes place soon.
Weekly Newspapers Now Hasten to
Compliment American Pluck.
LONDON, July If..— The weekly pa
pers express great satisfaction over the
PRTCfi TWOggffa&- i g WMaHL -
fall of Santiago de Cuba. The Speaker
thinks the event presagog the end of
the- war, but describes it as "a slroke
of good fortune, which the Americans
had no right to expect." It adds: ' The
terms of surrender are not dishonor
able. They reflect credit upon both
The Saturday Review explains its
change of attitude in favor of Ameri
ca and declares all its original antag
onism was prompted by America's
"aggressive humor," while its present
attitude Is a "somewhat tardy, but un
grudging admission of American cour
age and humanity."
The paper proceeds in terms of high
praise of the United States along the
lines of its article a week ago.
PUIZES BROUGHT INTO POUT.
Passengers on One Entered a Vi«-»
orouo ProteHt as British Subject*.
KEY WEST, Fla., July 15. — Three
prizes were brought here today, but
none of any great consequence, and
the captures were effected with only
ordinary Incidents. The English-built
steamer Grenow Castle, which for sev
eral years piled on the Cuban coast
under the Spanish flag, but on June S
last returned to her British registry,
was taken by the Dixie off Cape Cruz
last Sunday. She was bound from
Kingston, Jamaica, for -Manzanillo,
with a large cargo of food supplies.
Her captain's name Is Rustanas, and
as supercargo she had one Wilson, an
expert mechanical engineer. Lieut.
Layton F. Smith, with two marines
and two sailors from the Dixie, was
put In charge. The prize crew left |
Cape Cruz the same day, taking the I
western route, but, as the schooner's I
chronometer and compass were out of
order, they lost their bearings and nar
rowly escaped being wrecked off Cape
Antonio on Tuesday last. Next, the
vessel blew a hole in her boilers and
was obliged to lay up In a little creek
near Jardenitos. Next, her coal gave
out, and, being in need of temporary
repairs, she was obliged to make for
Dry Tortugas, where she obtained coal
and came on to Key West.
The crew of the Grenow Castle con
sisted of six Spaniards and four Ja
The day before this capture the Dixie
took also two schooners, the Three
Bells and the Pilgrim, both flying the j
British flag and both bound for Man-
I zanillo from Kingston, Jamaica, with
I food supplies. The Three Bells was
I originally a Nova S-cotian boat. She
I is of about 125 tons, and the Pilgrim of
about 250 tons.
Lieut. S. M. Blunt, with two sailors j
and two marines, was put in charge \
to bring her to Key West, but she has
not yet arrived.
The British schooner E. P. Nickerson
was also among today's arrivals. She
was captured off Cape Cruz on June
30, when the Hornet steamed along
side her and Informed those on board
the vessel that they were prisoners.
There was no resistance.
WAR LOAN II(!M) ISSUE.
Secretary Gaffe Advises I.ucl.y Sub
scribers to Be Patient.
WASHINGTON, July 15. — Assistant
Secretary Vanderlip said tonight that
corrected figures show the total sub
scriptions to the war bond Issue
amount in round numbers, including
I syndicate bids, to $1,365,000,000. Mr.
I Vanderlip stated that the subscriptions
for amounts below $5,000 will be al
lotted, those for exactly that amount
will be awarded in part, and the sub
scriptions for more than $5,000 will be
rejected. The subscriptions for
amounts above $5,000 will total $770,000,
In speaking of the bond issue to
day, Secretary Gage said that accurate
figures could not be made up for a
number of days. The first issue of the
bonds will be made on the 26th of the
present month, and from that time for
ward the shipments would be made
up to the full capacity of the bureau
of engraving and printing. Secretary
Gage has made public the following:
"It may now be considered as a set
tled fact that no allotment of bonds
can be made to banks, corporations or
other forms of associated capital. The
subscriptions made by individuals re
ceive preference under the law, and
the aggregate of individual subscrip
tions is far in excess of the total
amount of bonds offered. In fact, no
allotment to individual subscriptions
will be possible where such subscrip
tions are In excess of $5,000. That Is
to say, the full $200,000,000 has been sub
scribed for by individuals In amounts
of about $5,000 or less. In due course,
subscribers to whom allotments will
be made will be officially advised of
the fact, and all these fortunate ones
ought to receive such advice by Aug.
1 or, at least, for the most remote
points, by Aug. 5. Subscribers, who
may by this announcement be Infor
mally advised that they are entitled to
allotments, are requested to await of
ficial notice before making payments.
The official notices will cover full par
ticulars as to how to make payment,
and thus misunderstandings and de
rangements will be avoided. The bonds
will not begin to draw interest until
Some Will Go to Gibraltar When
Watson Starts for Spain.
ROME, July 15. — It Is asserted in a
local journal that In the event of fight
ing between the United States and the
coast of Spain the Italian cruisers
Dogali and Premonte will be sent to
FLEET PRIZE MOSEY.
Sampson Hay Get $10,000 for the
Destruction of Cervera's Ships.
WASHINGTON, July 15. —On the
basis of a calculation made on reports
already received as to the work of the
various vessels of Sampson's fleet in
the capture and destruction of Cerve
ra'si ships, it is estimated unofficially
that Admiral Sampson will receive $10,
--000 in prize money, Schley $4,000, and
the captains of the ships engaged in
th* fight each $2,500. The amount that
will go to the sailors cannot yet be
even approximately estimated, but will
possibly be as low as $25 to each man.
The navy department has already be
gun the work of making up the esti
mates of Dewey's prize captures at
WASHINGTON, July If..— The state de
partment posts a bulletin stating that Ad
miral Dewey pays a high tribute to tho Chi
nese on board the American ships at the
battle of Manila, and suggests that they
should receive recognition by being made
citizens of the United States.
51 15 PlKlffl
CITIZENS ARE FLEEING FROM
CADIZ AND BARCELONA
APPBOACH OF WATSON MO
COAST CITIES AT THE MERCY OF
THE AMERICAN FLEET
Governor of Barcelona Inform, the
People That They Cannot Expect
Help From the Government
Spanish Mall Steamer Will Din
continue Trip* BHireen CadL
and Tangier Three Infantry
Keglmenta Peremptorily Ordered
to Proceed to Al tf eciraa ilurco.
lona Bankeri and .Merchants
Send Property to the Interior.
CADIZ, July 15.— There is great ex
citement here, owing to the expected
coming of Commodore Watson's squad
ron. Many are leaving:.
The Spanish mail steamer plying be
tween this port and Tangier will cease
to run next week.
Frank C. Partridge, retiring United
States consul, will remain at Gibraltar
until his successor arrives.
LONDON, July 15.— 1t Is stated in a
special dispatch from Barcelona this
evening that the Inhabitants of that
city are panic-stricken-. They believe
the Americans will select defenseless
Barcelona as the first point to bom
bard. Local banks are removing their
specie to the country, the merchants
are sending their goods to places of
safety, and many of the citizens are
I leaving. The B e .'ernor of Barcelona
has informed the people that they can
not expect help from the government.
INFANTRY ORDERED FORWARD.
GIBRALTAR, July 15.— Three Span
ish infantry regiments at Seville have
received peremptory orders to proceed
!to Algeciras. One arrived there this
The troops are actively employed in
digging trenches in the vicinity of
Sierra Carbonera, near San Rogue.
FLEEING FROM DANGER.
MARSEILLES, July 15.— A number
of Barcelona steamers have taken ref
uge hear, fearing an American attack
SENOR SAGASTA EXPLAINS.
MADRID, July 15.— Premier Sagasta
declares that neither government in
Cuba has intervened in the negotiation
for the surrender of Santiago de Cuba.
He adds that the surrender came with
in the province of Gen. Tnral and un
der his responsibility, and the general
simply announced that the garrison
SPAIN'S TRYING POSITION.
LONDON, July 16.— The Gibraltar
correspondent of the Daily Nevs says:
"A naval battle off the Spanish coast
is considered Imminent. The suspen
sion of the constitutional guarantees
is a symptom of the distracted condi
tion of Spain. The nation wants peace,
the army wants a victory. Sp;un can
not continue to struggle, yet peace Will
be the signal for revolution and the
European intervention formerly desired
is now dreaded."
SPAIN FAVORS PEACE.
Scnor Sn«a»ta WUliag, but Consid
er* American Term. Inad ::i!ssl I>l,-.
LONDON, July 15.— The Madrid cor
respondent of the Tinier says:
"The royal decree temporarily sus
pending throughout the Spanish penin
sula the rights of individuals as suar
anlecd by the constitution, will prob
ably make a greater Impression abr ad
than at home. The Spaniards know
very well, that like its predecessor,
proc-laiming a state of siege, which w\is
Issued immediately after the news <>f
the disaster at Cavite. the decrt • will
be very sparingly applied and will not
inconveience the quiet and well-dis
posed portion of the pi.pulutii;n.
"The news of the capitulation of San
tiago was received too iate for com
ment by the morning papers. It causes
disappointment, because it was hope*
that, all hough Gen. Toral was in a
desperate condition, the tprxad .f yel
low fever might in a few days have
compelled the Americans to rai?c> the
siege and retire. Official information
regarding the conditions of i-urrender
is anxiously awaited.
"The government's unusual reticence
concerning the long dispatches receiv
ed from Capt. Gen. Blanco catMtfl anx
iety. The correspondent notes as a
significant fact, that a certain Cuban
magnate, who had always declared
that he would remain in Cuba as long
at he had hope of the island being pre
served to Spain, has left Havana for
some- unblockaded port, where he hopes
to find a neutral ship to take him to
Regarding the prospect of peac \
Continued on Second Patre.
Terms of Surrender of San
tiago practically unconditional.
Delay in negotiations due to
Gen. Toral's requests that his
troops be permitted to retain
Residents of Spanish coast Jj
cities panic stricken and fleeing ! j
to the interior. <|
Yellow fever under control at
Preparations making for the j
invasion of Porto Rico.
Spain decides to sue for peace. !;