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THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
SUNDAY, JULY 17, IS9S.
We Aim to Be Accurate.
The Globe Prints the Associated
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
I I t j 12
--mo mos mos
Dally 40c $ 2 - 2 5 $4.00
Daily and Sunday . .50c 2.75 6.00
Weekly .. . „ 100
Entered at PostcJSce ot St. Paul. Minn., as
Address ail communications and make all
Remittances payable to
THa GLOBE CC. St. Paul. MlnneeoU.
Anonymous r.-inmunications not noticed. Re
jected unir.usi-rip'.s will net be returned ua
ie::- acoumr'aiiiei! by postage.
New York 10 Spruce St.
Waahlnartoa Corcoran Building
Chl»-i'.u<i. ..Room CO9, No. S7 Washington St
The Dchiocratic Stale Ticket.
Governor JOHN' LIND, Crown county
Lieut Gov J. M. BOWLER. Renville
Bee. State J. J. HEINRICH. Hennepin
Treasurer ALEX. M'KINN'ON, Tolk
Auditor GEORGE N. LAMPHERE, Clay
Attorney General.. JOHN F. KELLY, Ramsey
Cierk Supreme Court.Z. H. AUSTIN, St. Louis
Judges iTHOMAS CANTY, Henr.epln
Supreme (DANIEL BUCK. Blue Earth
Court IWM. MITCHELL, Winona
By the Vnlted States Weather Bureau.
MINNESOTA— Fair; southerly winds.
WISCONSIN— Fair weather; light southerly
IOWA — Fair; southerly winds.
NORTH DAKOTA— Fair; coolor ln western
portions; southerly winds, becoming west
SOUTH DAKOTA— Fair: cooler In western
portions; southerly winds, becoming; west
MONTANA— Showers; cooler; westerly winds.
Boston 78-B'Buffalo SO-84
Chicago SS-DHCincinnatl SO-90
New York 78-So Montreal 74-80
Barometer 29. 56
Mean temperature B.)
Relative humidity 61
Wind at S p. in Southwest
Maximum temperature 91
Minimum temperature 70
Daily rangL> 21
Amount of precipitation in last twenty
four hours 0
RIVER AT S A. M.
Danger Gauge Change ln
Station. Line. Reading. 24 Hours.
St. Paul 14 5.9 —0.3
La Crosse 10 5.0 *0.1
Davenport 15 3.G —0.1
St. Louis 30 IG.O —1.1
The river continue falling at St. Paul
today and Sunday.
Note— Baroaieter corrected for temperature
and elevation. —P. F. Lyons. Observer.
NEW YORK— Arrived: Umbria, Liverpool.
Sailed: Victoria, London ; La Uretagne,
Havre; Aiaasdam, Rotterdam; Furnessia,
Glasgow; Campana, Liverpool; Patria, Ham
LIVERPOOL.— Arrived: Etrura, Giorgio. New
York. Sailed: Aurania. New York.
ROTTERDAM— Arrived: Edam, New York.
BREMEN— SaiIed: Uarbarossa, New York.
SOUTHAMPTON— Arrive- J Westernland, "£ew
York; Roentgen Louise, New York.
HAVRE— Sailed: La Gascogne, New York.
GRAND — McKee Rankin stock company in
•Oliver Twist." 8:15.
M KTitOPOLITAN— Dark.
Concerts at Oomo park, 2:30 and 8 PM.
St. Paul folic. irdia Singing society cuting on
Henrietta. 'J:-' AJL
Trnvclers unable to bny Tlie St.
Paul Globe on any train entering;
St. Paul will confer a favor on Tne
Globe cnmi»nn>- by promptly notify
ing * lie in of each Instance.
As a piece de resistance Toral has
gone to pieces.
Anyhow, the Philippine Cavite will
soon be full of American troops.
Heads of Northwestern wheat look
more like the $ sign than ever this
The apple tree of Appomattox and
the eieba tree of Santiago will occupy
adj ii tag Icta ln history.
As we understand it, Gen. Shafter has
reduced his weight and increased the
eize of his family 25,000 since he went
Perhaps it would be in order for
Cervera to give testimony as to wheth
er he was whipped by Sampson or
It is comforting to tbe friends of the
young man who "blew in" $80,000 in
about that many minutes to know that
he spent $70 of it for ice.
Admiral Cervera said three of his
ships would have got away if it had
not been for the Brooklyn, tbe Oregon
and the Texaj3. What a big little word
Marshall Field must stand pretty
■well financially in Chicago. He handed
out one check for $2,100,00') on Monday.
The 2-eent revenue stamp on it looked
Anyhow, young Mr. Hearst comes
nearer telling the truth about affairs
in Cuba than the correspondents he
sent out to "get the news if you can,
but get something."
A Chi'ago paper says Lieutenant
Commander Walnwright "has an ab
normally long neck." He has a pretty
long memory, too. He remembered the
Maine with shot and shell when ho
was chasing the- Spanish warships off
At lhat, there is a feeling in some
Quarters that Boston ls too enthusi
astic over this war. The other Sun-
day morning the Rev. James Boyd
Brady preached on "Reasons for Rest
ing in the Loving Arms of God," and
in the evening on "To Hell With
As long as he can get at a section of
cable. Gen. Blanco will continue to tri
fle with the truth. His latest dispatch
Is full of bombast and prevarication.
It is our duty to catch this old rascal
and feed him on bread and water for
Backyards and Character.
If he has an observant eye and a
discriminating judgment, the man who
drives the grocer's or butcher's deliv
ery cart and leaves his packages at the
kitchen doors will be able to form a
more accurate estimate of the charac
ter of the households he serves than
will you who get your imptessions from
tho front sidewalk or even from no In
considerable acquaintance with front
parlors. There may be elegance in the
flowered and grassed lawn and in the
receiving halls and parlors, but if these
are all that pass under your inspection
you will not know as well as does the
humbler person who gains access only
to the area whether refinement dwells
also with that household. Refinement,
which lovea the orderly and cleanly, and
slovenliness do not live under the same
Slovenliness, however, seeing how
highly refinement is esteemed, tries to
ape her ways and, where censorious or
critical eyes can view them, borrows
and displays the mere adornments of
refinement, her elegancies. But where
critical eyes never peer, or eyes to
whose seeing she is indifferent, she
spares herself the effort of imitation
and indulges in the luxury of being
herself. No matter what the signs giv
en by front yards and halls and par
lors, if you would know for sure wheth
er the lady or the slattern abide there,
whether appearances be the solid gold
of refinement or the gilded base metal
of imitation, consult the man who
drives the delivery wagon. For he
knows, If the backyard be as neatly
kept, as cleanly, as graced with flowers
or shrubbery as is the front, that the
refinement showing there is genuine.
And he knows, if the backyard shows
piles of dirt, grass killed by kitchen
slops, ash-heaps in its cornets and lit
ter strewn everywhere, that a slat
tern presides in fact, however she may
conceal herself in front finery.
And there are backyards to character
as well as to homes. "No man is ever
a hero to his valet" because of these
backyards. "Familiarity breeds con
tempt" where familiarity reveals un
couth backyards. You have known this
man or that woman for years. They
are oourteous, modest, truthful, frank,
upright, virtuous; having the qualities
we all esteem. Some day something
happens, some fit of anger, some stress
of temptation, a fit of pique, some un
guarded remark, and you find ycu must
revise your judgment. He or she Is not
the man or woman whom you have
known. They are just the same, only
you have always seen their front yards.
You have just caught a glimpse of the
backyards of their character.
Tho View Point of Obstacles.
Lieut. Hobson, recounting his expe
rience in the attempt to block Santiago
harbor by sinking the Merrimac in the
channel, said: "The more I think about
it the more marvelous it seems that we
are alive." And, indeed, It does. To
drive an unarVned and unarmored ship
into a narrow channel whose sides
were lined with batteries and whose
bottom was corded with torpedoes, with |
battleships facing the bold intruder, I
was an attempt from which no man
engaging in it had any reason to ex
pect to come out alive. It was mar
velous, that escape absolutely un
But the remark of the lieutenant
illustrates the different point of view
from which men look on obstacles that
confront them. There are those who
habitually look at them from the front,
tee them, if not in exaggeration of their
full magnitude, in fairly accurate es
timate of them. Tha more frequent
tendency of this class is to magnify
them. If nerve is lacking, if courage is
subordinate to prudence, this class sur
render without assault. They form the
groat mass of men who never accom
plish anything, for the habit grows of
magnifying all obstacles, and yielding
makes subsequent yielding easier un
til tho habit is formed.
Hobson belongs to that other class
who sense the magnitude of obstacles
that come athwart their wiy only after
they have assaulted and, generally,
overcome them. Looking backward at
what they have accomplished they
marvel that they dared undertake it,
or that they succeeded. They have
self-confidence in abundance. They
count their resources more than they
do the dangers or the difficulties. They
are the men who accomplish. They are
tenacious of purpose. They drive con
stantly toward their purpose. Rebuffs,
defeats do not discourage them. They
are mere incidents to be met and
brushed aside. They may have to turn
this way and that, but never back.
Head winds may compel them to tack,
but progress ls made with each tack.
And then, when the struggle is over
and they pause for breath and lock
tack and see what th;*y have overcome,
they sense for the first time the full
proportions of the obstruction and are
astonished at their audacity in attack
ing it. But the w«rld would not be
what it is today were it not for just
this class of men.
Wong Kirn Ark's Case Extended.
The supreme court of the United
States rendered its decision in the case
of Wong Kirn Ark before congress had
embarked the nation on a policy of
expansion by annexation. The case
called for an interpretation of the
Fourteenth amendment to the consti
tution, which declares that "all per
sons born within the United States,
and subject to the jurisdiction thereof,
are citizens of the United States." The
court held that the plaintiff, although
born of Chinese parents, who were
subjects of the Chinese emperor, was
a citizen of the United States by vir
tue of having been born within them.
The resolutions annexing the Sand
wich islands also annex their pop
ulation. These consist largely of
Chinese and Japanese, together with
some Portuguese and other foreign
peoples, the American element num
bering but some 3,000 of the 100,000. The
resolutions apply to the islands the
laws of the United States relating to
the Chinese and, in addition, preclude
any of that nation in the islands from
entering the United States. But as
the islands become part of the United
States it follows that children of
Chinese parents, or Japanese or Kan
aka, born after the annexation, be
come, under this decision, citizens of
Ihe United States as fully as do chil
dren of their citizens.
The new policy contemplates holding
THE ST. 'PAUL GLOISE SUNDAY JULY 17, 1893.
the Philippine islands with their un
enumerated millions of savages and
semi-savages. Whatever legislation
congiess may adopt fixing the politi
cal status of the natives, whether cit
izenship is bestowed or withheld, this
decision brings under the aegis of
American citizenry every Nigrite,
Malaslan, Meztlzo or Mangyan male
whose birth dates after the annexa
tion of any one of the hundreds of
islands. There ls and can be no lim
itation put upon their rights and priv
ileges. They become as fully citizens
as if their ancestors had been among
the Roundhead and Cavalier immi
grants to our colonies. Any one of
them will be eligible to the office of
president, of the United States, to put
the effect of that decision in its
strongest light. Possibly some other
case may come to that court involv
ing this same question, and it may
reverse this decision and hold with
Justices Fuller and Harlan that "and
subject to the jurisdiction thereof" are
qualifying words which incorporate
the pre-existing law that made the
nationality of the parent fix the po
litical status of the child.
A Surviving "Twin Relic."
ln these days of sharp questioning
of the old and established why should
not the batteries of the questioners be
aimed at that hoary survival of bar
barism, prize money of the navy, which
has survived its twin, the booty of the
army? Long ago the custom that made
land captures a source of added profit
to the armies was abolished and sur
vives now, where discipline does not
prevent, in the dishonorable form of
loot. Captured cities are no longer put
under ransom nor turned over to be
looted by the troops. Private property
is sacred from the pillage of an invad
ing army. Progress has been made in
the ethics of naval warfare since the
days when, as to commerce, privateer
ing was but little better than piracy,
and progress would have put the navy
abreast of the army had the terms im
posed by the United States as a con
dition of its assent to the Paris con
vention been accepted.
This distinction is brought sharply to
view by the events of this war. The
navy destroyed the Spanish fleet. For
this it gets prize money based on tha
estimated value of the fleet. Sampson
gets $10,000; Schley, $3,000, and so on
down to the common sailors. Shatter's
army captures 5,000 square miles of
rich territory, with its cities, planta
tions, mines, and the arms and muni
tions of war, together with several ships
In the harbor. And neither he nor any
in his command receives a penny ad
ditional to their salaries. Schley won
the prize money of the navy with the
loss of but a single life; Shafter's win
ning cost hundreds of lives. Schley
gets his salary and $3,000 in prize
money; Shafter gets his salary only.
Sampson and his crews campaigned in
snug and comfortable quarters; Shaf
ter's men campaigned in the rain and
mud and under the scorching blaze of
the sun. Sampson's sick had treatment
in comfortable quarters; Shafter's in
hospital tents floored with mud, or
burned with fever under their dog
Another phase. Gen. Miles reaches
Santiago in time to be in at the win
ning of the immensely valuable prize
secured by Shafter. He awards Shaf
ter and his men full credit for their
feat. Sampson's first word to Schley,
when the New York came rushing back
from Aguadores to find the Spanish
fleet all destroyed, was a notice that
he was "in hailing distance" all the
time. His announcement of the fight
was that the fleet under "my" com
mand sends the nation a Fourth of
July present ln the demolished fleet.
Had the law not made all vessels with
in hailing distance of the prize sharers
in prize money, might not Sampson
have been as generous to Schley as
Miles was to Shafter? "When, again,
Shafter had forced Toral into a sur
render Sampson served notice on him
that he must be consulted In making
terms. Why? There were ships in the
harbor and mines in the channel and,
possibly, forts on the harbor shores to
be claimed, valued and divided as prize
of the navy. It is recalled that when
Porter came up Red river with his
fleet, in rear of Banks' army, which
had cleared the country of the enemy,
Porter coolly claimed as prize of the
navy all cotton on each side of the
river within the range of his guns. And
he forthwith sent out and brought it
in and loaded his boats with it.
And why should this antiquated and
unjust discrimination continue to ex
ist? Will men not serve as well, fight
as hard, endure as much without as
with it? Must cupidity be appealed to
to stimulate patriotism and duty-do
ing? Not unless American sailors are
different from American soldiers. Did
Shafter's men fight any the less stoutly
that not a dollar of all the wealth they
might capture would be theirs? Is the
naval service so much more dangerous
than the army that it must be given
additional inducements? Let the rec
ords of casualties in this or any war
answer that. When we get out of the
habitual and look with fresh eyes at
this matter it does seem as if prize of
the navy should be relegated to the
oblivion into which booty of armies has
The report of the statistician of the
treasury for May contains a lot of in
teresting information about the Ha
waiian islands,''6f unusual Interest, now
that Uncle ' SSlii has adopted them,
volcanoes, leprosy, natives, half-castes,
Japs and Chinese. The internal taxa
tion shows, in its increase, that Ameri
cans are in control, having climbed up
from $432,656, or $5.09 a head, in ISBS,
when the total population was 80,578,
to $706,541 in 1896, or $6.4S a head, when
the population had risen to 109,020. The
public debt shows the same unmistaka
ble sign. It was only $22,000 when cur
missionaries got there, but by 1876 they
had civilized the natives Into a debt of
$459,187. Their eons, however, did bet
ter. By 1884 they had run It up to
$898,800, and by 1896 they had financed
the country into a debt of $4,101,174, the
payment of which Uncle Sam kindly
assumes. The revenues of the islands
touched top notch in 188S, when they
were $4,812,575, with the expenditures
running nip-and-tuck with them at
$4,712,285. Since then there has been
a falling off, and in 1896 the former
were $2,253,070 and the latter $2,137,103.
In their anxiety to put John Lind "in
a bole," the Republicans are admitting
what has been charged freely, and a.= 3
freely denied, that, in scattering regi
mental commissions, Gov. Clough con
sulted politics quite as much if not
more than he did fitness. The gover
nor indicated, in a recently reported
remark, embellished with vulgar ex
pletives, that Lind was not to take
the nomination for govarnor if he ap
pointed him quartermaster. The Min
neapolis Journal asserts that "it is well
known is Republican circles that at
the time Lind received his appointment
I: was promised for him by his closest
friends that he did not want to be a
candidate Hhis year; that, he wanted
the appointment so that he might, with
good grace, decline the nomination
which he saw coming." It further as
serts that Col. Bobleter was the one
who gave Clough that assurance.
Whatever the merits of this controversy
it convicts £ov. Clough of making an
appointment to an important position
in the service of a man who had been
his opponent two years before and was
sure to be the opponent this year of the
man whom he had chosen to succeed
him. In this instance every report
shows that he chose a competent man,
but that was a minor consideration, if,
indeed, it was thought of at all. How
many incapables has he put over the
volunteers because he thought they
could help the Van Sant and his own
senatorial campaign along?
The tide of immigration has shrunk
en within half the volume it attained
after the Civil war and kept up until
the present decade. The average half
million has fallen about half, the num
ber arriving for the eleven months
ending with May being 212,475. Europe
continues mainly to furnish the mate
rial, 201,792 coining thence. The fig
ures for June have not been given out,
but, if the average for May is main
tained, the total will be about 250,000.
The sources of supply of these addi
tions to our population, even if the
quantity is so largely reduced, is a
matter of interest. Roughly classified,
they may be assigned to the Teutonic,
Latin and Slav races. Of the first, Aye
received 85,516, of the second 61,349 and
of the third 66,131, the remainder com
ing from other countries than Euro
pean. It is probable that a portion of
those classed as Slav are Teutonic.
A notable, but not a surprising fea
ture is the falling off, as compared with
former years, of the immigration from
the Dominion, but 317 having changed
their residence to this country. Should
Laurier's policy remain that of Cana
da, these merely nominal figures will
mark future reports.
If any of our mercantile houses are
contemplating sending out their com
mercial travelers to Hawaii to drum
for trade, it is just as well that they
know the conditions under which these
versatile and useful gentlemen may do
business there. Before they can open
their sample trunks in any town on
the island of Oahu. on which is Hono
lulu, they must take out a license, for
which they must pay $570. If they
would drum up trade In any of the
other islands, they must have licenses,
for each of which they pay $225. When
one gets ready to leave, if he shall have
tarried there thirty days or more, he
must get a passport— fee $I— and this
will be denied if he leaves an unpaid
| bill or has been pulled by the police.
UNCLE SAM'S DUSKY KID.
Word comes that the government has just
ordered a regiment of the army to Hawaii.
This is the first step ln the carnival of im
perialism and vastly expensive militarism
upon which the Republican national specula
tive and Jobbing hog combine has launched
It costs comparatively a pile of meney to
keep even one regiment anywhere, end this
is only the tiniest end of the entering wedge
of the policy, which, once well in operation,
will burden the American people under the
terrible weight of mighty standing military
establishments, such as have ground the peo
ple of the military nations of Europe into the
oust and driven them in most instances to
seek refuge In anarchy.
A regiment for Hawaii! I i s ths fim
reaching out of tho mailed hand of imperial
ism and speculative jobbery, and it augurs
ill.— -Wheeling Register.
There must have been several speeches on
Hawaii squelched at last in the senate. One
of them would have been edifying. Sonets.
Spooner, of Wisconsin, w<ho has made a repu
tation as one of the abiest lawyers of the
senate, had intimated that he had a speech
prepared against the constitutionality of the
measure, which might have been a worthy
comparison to the speeches c-f Senators Morr.il
and Hoar. — Boston Herald.
The annexation of Hawaii is a starter for
a policy of government by commission. One
part of the imperial programme will be to
gradually increase"the power of the president
and correspondingly weaken that of the peo
ple. Another part of it will be to try to make
people believe that the author of the Declara
tion of Independence was an eld fegy and
didn't know Whf.t he waa doing.— Toiedo Be.
The Hawaiian commission Just appointed
by the president will sail for Honolulu on
August 1. The delay in sailing ls occasioned
by the sugar trust not having its plans fully
matured.— La Crosse Press.
Two of tlie three Americans on the Hawaiian
commission are from Illinois. Must ba a
scheme to annex Honolulu to Chicago and
try to catch up with Greater New York.—To
As Senator Morrill, cf Vermont, put it,
Hawaii is of no more value to us in aiding
Dewey to retain pesscssion of the Philippines
than the backside, of the moon.— Wheeling
So we may believe that after year« will
convince even the present doubters that the
! disasters rhey foresee are the creatures of
| their own fears and that they will coma to re
joice with the rest of the American people in
| Hawaii as one of the brightest stars in the
Incomparable ga'.axy of our expanding firma
ment.—New York Tribune.
(Gee Wkitaker! Wonder if the young per
son who ground this composition cut of the
Tribune rhetoric mill was able to let go of the
handle when he finished!)
Commodore Watson has been given per
emptory orders to proceed at the earliest
! possible moment to attack Spain. This
; movement has already been warmly com
j mended as the most promising means to
'■ bring the Hidalgoes to their sers s. An en
j ergetic campaign against the Canaries, Ceuta
i and the coast of Spain cannot fail to pro
| dure good results In bringing the war to a
; close — a consummation devoutly to be wished
! — and at the same time may be produc'.lve of
I other good results.
When the flag of the United States is
j hoisted on the continents ot Europe and
! Africa, as well as In Oceanlca, it U just pos
! sible the ludie-roustjess of the propaganda,
I that "wherever me Stars and Stripes are nar-
I rled by this war, there they shall remain,"
may begin to be apparent even to the im
! perlallst jingoes. But if the United States
is to abandon,.,, at one Jump, its principles
I and traditions there should be no
mincing of matters.' It has Spain at its
mercy, and if the wa,r. begun ln Che cause
of humanity, la to b^ perverted . into a war
of conquest, the na,t.ipn should not neglect
to extend its ijnperi&*> power and "clvili/.ing
influences" over all 'the territory of Spain.
Who will be govertaor general of Spain?
Senator Morgan*^ abjtetice from this continent
would be wekjpmedrby a majority of the
people and hejinightihe induced to accept.
For the other governors general it might be
well to take othfer senators of Imperialist pro
clivities, meantime passing a law that If r.ny
colony secedes the governor thereof shall
never be eligible to return to America. —
II IKK <-•■«< Gold JiiiKurl.
Big gold nuggets are extremely rare. The
biggest on record was found in Australia ln
1852, weighed upward of 223 pounds and was
The Hnllnn l,niiKDHK<'-
At a coijgrees in India, where nine lan
guages were spoken by delegates, the discuc
sions were carried on ia English. A proposi
tion has been brought forward to make Eng
lish the missionary language oi the world.
| Epistles to St. Paul, j
He was long and gaunt and about fifty years
of age. He didn't look the least bit like a
man with a German accent. But he had it,
had It badly. When he tried to talk English
it sounded like German with an English
accent. He likewise had a Jag, and in his
hand he carried a "turkey." He landed in
front of the city hall Friday afternoon ai.d
he made inquiry for the Herr Burgomelster.
He admitted that he was hard up and he
had been told that the thing for him to do
was to see Col. Kiefer.
One of th© city hall gang took him ln
tow, and ln three minutes he was ln the
mayor's office with this note in hli hand:
"Give the bearer $36. He needs the money.
If you haven't got that much with you, give
him a Job on the police force.
— "T. McMahou, Ex-Policeman."
When he came out of the mayor's office
his clothes were not bulgtng out of shape
with any money that anybody could see and
he was too big for any of tho gang to
inquire what the colonel said to him.
It was that same day, Friday, that tha
mayor had another caller. He was alsj long,
gaunt and spectral. He got by tho young
man who proved to Tommy Neuhausen that
the Hammer is mightier than tho pen, aVI
found himself In the sanctum. The colonsl
looked up and noticed that he wore a G. A. R.
button In his coat.
"This is Mayor Kiefer," he said, remov
ing his hat. The mayor acknowledged that
It was, with a wave of his hand.
"Well," said the visitor I am an old sjl
dier; I am going to Fargo, and I haven't
quite money enough. I'll show you my papers
so that you'll see that "
"It is not necessary, my dear sir," said
the colonel, in hi 3 best manner. I always
believe an old soldier. Sit down and I'll fix
He sat at his desk and wrote a note, which
he handed to the veteran. "Take it down to
the office in the basement," he said. "No
thanks at all. I'm always ready to help an
old soldier." The old fellow left the offire,
and when he got into the corridor he looked
at the note. It was addressed to the board of
"Here, you take the light and I'll shoot."
"But, father, remember that you are a po
liceman _„d can't shoot, said the boy. Ser
geant Frank Horn promised himself at that
moment that he would presently teach his
son the respect that is due a father, even
If he is a policeman. He pushed the gun out
in front of him and flred It off. Since then
he ha 3 been sleeping in the stable.
The conversation took place about a weak
ago. It was close upon midnight, and Frank
had heard something going on in hl3 hen
roost. His chickens are not as expensive as
Phil Schweitzer's, but they are serviceable,
ard the number of eggs they lay U gui o
astonishing. So he aroused his son, and b2
tween them they recconnoitered the hennery.
Frank had the gun, and he saw the animal
that was preying on his hens. Then ensued
the conversation recorded. The shot was
not effective, for Mr. Horn ls still ignorant
of what sort of beast it was that he sihot at,
so far as seing it is concerned. But he Is
still non persona grata at home and ln the
station. —The Phillstiue.
From tho Retail Dealers' Poii»t of
To The St. Paul Globe:
There ls a letter in yesterday's Globe
that was written in a hayfleld. The letter
is evidently a syndicate composition, because
the writer expressly states that he "writes
with a large crew of men." His heated argu
ment would also indicate that the temperature
was somewhat near the boiling point in the
vicinity of his hay cock-dotted landscape.
If the writer would leave off haying long
enough" to investigate the binder twine situa
tion, and sit down in his library long enough
to cool off, he might arrive at different con
In the flrst place, If the warden or prison
board have erred, it has been on the side of
the farmer. They did not do as any in
dividual or corporation whose expenses are
not paid by the state would be obliged to
do. They did not advance the price of twine
when the price of raw material advanced,
because when the price of the raw material
declines, and twine goes down, the great state
of Minnesota pockets the loss, and the tax
payer makes the loss good.
Other firms and individuals not so fortunate
are obliged to recoup their losses by judicious
buying, and by taking advantage of any rise
in price that may follow. These chances
come but seldom in tne ordinary business
life. The most careless student knows that
the period of declining values is far greater
than that of rising values.
There is a rumor that the Drlson has made
$85,000 in its twine this yea"r, but there is
another rumor that it could have sold lto
raw material for $15,000 more than it has
received for its twine.
What institution not fostered by the state
could have been as generous?
The result of this generosity will appear
this winter, when the prison board, in order
to purchase more material, will have to in
vest its capital— furnished by the state— its
profits, made by selling twine below the cost
of the raw material at the time of telling a
large part of its output, and probably a good
round sum in addition from the state treas
ury. This will be the result of one year's
business conducted like the past one, and yet
ti".ore are farmers who complain. The farmer
had the same chance to purchase as the
merchant, and has had the further advan
tage of being able to purchase long after the
merchants' orders were being turned down.
Does the writer af the "hay field letter"
wish to advocate establishment of a bureau
to hold merchants off and round up the farm
er to compel him to purchase? The farmer
should be aware that he will probably nee
twine, and he has the same opportunity to
investigate matters at the prison, as the
storekeeper. If all farmers used ordinary
business sagacity, as Mr. Rahiliy evidently
did, there would be but little complaint, ex
cept in regard to the capacity of the twin*
plant, for if its entire output were sold to in
dividual farmers, only a small proportion of
twine users would be able to buy of it. I
wrote to the warden for prices on a car of
twine, but was too late to purchase. I suf
fered no hardship, however, because I was
still enabled to buy outside of the state at
the same price, and for that matter so could
any farmer, at that time.
There seems to be a theory on the part
of many farmers that the nearer they wait
to harvest time the cheaper twine will be,
and they act on It. No assurance from the
dealers, or even from the warden, as was
the case this year, will induce them to pur
chase. Tell one of these doubters that twine
is going up, and he will tell you flat-footsd
that you don't know what you are talking
about. There are hundreds of farmers at this
late day who are calmly waiting for the de
cline that they so surely expect, before they
purchase. There seems to be no difference
between farmers and any other class of men.
The brcad-guagc, liberal, sagacious farmer
has bought his twine long ago; if by soino
chance he ha 3 overlooked its purchase ile
blames himself only. One factory in a state
as large as Minnesota cannot overcome the
law of supply and demand, although at times
it may interfere with its full effect. All the
malignantycriticism that can be brought to
bear on the subject can't make it do so,
Mr. Rahiliy also speaks in rather strong
terms of the merchants who have bought
In Stillwater. Now these men could havo
bought elsewhere at the same prices at that
time. Si;al twine they could have bought
even cheaper. Many of them thought they
were oulte patriotic in so buying, because
in ordinary years the disposal of the en
tire product of the twine plant would be
quite problematical were it not for the as
sistance of these same merchants. In re
gard to the statement that the prison broka
the twine trust and the exorbitant prices that
ruled at that time, there seems to be little
to say, except that it did nothing of the sort.
The twine trust failed because of its unbusi
nesslike ambition, and dumped enough twine
on the market to ruin many indivdual manu
facturers outside of tha trust. It took six
years to finally dispose of all that twine,
which became known to the trade as bankers'
twino. The last of it went last season, and
the menace of a twine sold at 50 per cent
of its cost thus finally removed from tho
When the prison twine factory was started
it was the intent of Its promoters and of the
people In sympathy, to manufacture as cheap
ly as possible, and to sell ot a very small
margin. No one Intended that it shouid sell
Its product for less than the fiber was worth,
and because a part of It was so sold this
year there Is a big holler on the part of
many who think that, because the farmers
use this product, the law of supply aud de
mand and all business axioms must ba
thrown to the winds, while any merchant
who takes advantage of such a condition, and
who bases his price on the market may be
called all kinds of names.
When these same storekeepers, through
competition or a faliing market, are obliged
to sell at a loss, these fau.t-flnders are su
premely Indifferent. When there is a boom
In wheat from 60 cents to $1.25 one doesn't
see very many farmers hunting around to
get 60 cents, either.
The only fault that a business man can
And with the prison board is that conditions
vary* while their price remains fixed. This
operated all right for the lucky purchaser
this year, but when the market drops, as It
often does during the late spring or early
summer, and the hated speculator under
sells the prison, those who compiain most
bitterly now are the ones who will forget
Stillwater twine and purchase elsewhere.
The prison twine was sold this year at (I*4
cents in car lots. The prico of sisal fiber to
day in New York or London ls 9(^ cents. If
that price remains stationary for the next
six months or advances, as now seems prob
able, how much money has the prison made,
if it intends to run this ooming year?
— E. H. I*
Sons of Their Fathers "Are "Well."
From the New York Timet.
This is a country whose people are not
timid ln speaking their minds, whether to
praise or to blame, about men In authority,
but surely the voice even of American crit
icism must have been hushed by the dls*
patch from Gen. Shafter which began, "Cap
tains Alger and Sewell and Mr. Corbin are
well." That is axactly the sort of news wn
were waiting breathless to hear, and our
commander at the front would have been re
warded for all his hardships if he could have
heard the sigh of relief that went up all
over the Union when its anxiety about Cap
tains Aiger and Sewell and Mr. Corbin was
lifted. There are. indeed, other young mon
down in Cuba, and even a few old on.s,
whose health interests individuals here and
there, but what are they besides the sons oi
a secretary of war, a senator from New Jer
sey, and an adjutant general? Gen. Shafter
isn't real rugged himself, and he has a good
deal on his hands, but he knows his coun
trymen, and sympathizes with their consum
ing affection for the progeny of eminent pol
iticians, and therefore, when telegraphing at
government expense, he naturally leads lm
communication with the giad. glad tidings
that Captains Alger and Sewell and Mr. Cor
bin are well. Let the war now go on.
Manual Training; In Eivrope.
From the Milwaukee Journal.
Whole countries in Central Europe have
been elevated from agricultural squaior to
such wealth and comfort by the lntrodu:tiou
of cottage and local industries. Wood carv
ing, lace making, turning, toy making, weav
ing, embroideries, basket making, wire work
ing, willow ware, ornamental leather work,
and a thousand other industries are carried
on at home, to the great betterment of the
people. Gardening is not the least of these
employments. Technical schools are ailed
or supported by the state to teach each neigh
borhood the best methods in its particular
line, so that the products are of the best
character and finish. These products are tak
ing the world's market from the hands of
the immense factories of the continent and
of England. Labor and profits are distrib
uted among the people, who live independ
ently in their own homes. Central Europe is
directing ail her energies through the estab
lishment of technical schools towaids the
building up of such industries. Partia'ly
made goods are shipped from England to
these communities, distributed among the
families, embroidered or otherwise finished
aud returned, paying duties both ways to the
profit of the dealers. All this is to the bene
fit of those countries and the cost of Eng
land; the benefit i 3 due to the support of
technical schools in the country suited to th=>
FAITH IN DEWEY.
To One Boy There Was One Thins
That Seemed Impossible.
From the Washington Star.
"If there is one thing more than another
which is to our credit as compared with
Spain," remarked a Capitol Hill man, "it is
the almost universal knowledge of affairs
which characterizes our people, as against
an almost universal ignorance characteriz
ing the Spaniards. Even our small children
are so well up on military and naval terms
that they astonish us at times, and what
the boys don't know about the men who
have thus far made a reputation for them
selves, isn't worth knowing. As for Dowey
and poor Bagley and Hobson, there Isn't a
boy of any age who doesn't know more
about them than he does of Julius Caesar
and George Washington combined. My
daughter, who teaches a mission Sunday
school tells me of a Dewey experience she
had with a youngster making his first ap
pearance. She had put him throueh a half
hour or more of instruction in the rudi
mentary principles, for he was entirely
lacking in information on that point, and
to test him was reviewing her work with
" 'Now,' said she, 'tell me again who made
the world and all that is in It?'
" 'God did,' replied the boy, with commend
" 'God can do everything, oan't he?" 6he
"The boy hesitated a moment.
" 'I don't believe He could lick Dewey '
he answered, at last, and his teacher <»it si
lent between hc-r religion and her patriotism
It wasn't her time to say anything, it sh^
didn t want to lose that boy forever, and she
had wit enough to let it go at that."
Always the "Bitter* End.
From the Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
"We will fight to the bitter end." Gen.
Linares is reported to have said before the
battle. Once more thl3 singular preference
for the wrong end which was shown by Ad
miral Montojo before the Manila disaster. It
is not the spirit that wins battles. Presi
dent Lincoln once complained that there were
| so many good good young men in the army
| who were ready to die for their country.
| What was really needed, he said, was men
| who could kill the other fellows. From a
military point of vi°w soldiers are better
1 than martyrs. And while we are speaking
of the bitter end, it is the height of foolish
ness for the general government of Spain to
I Insist on having it. It is cruel to waste
lives by keeping up a hopeless srruggle.
Rebel Yell Under Happier Anspiees.
From the Springfield Republican.
It was interesting to read that some of
our troops went into action Friday to the
music of the famous "rebel yell," that so
norous and terrifying cry evolved from gen
erations of calling hogs and runaway cons.
When it came to vocalization the Confederate
army had a marked advantage over the
Northerners. The college yell had not vet
I come to save the vocal organs of town folk
| from wasting away from disuse. The rebsl
yell deserve-s a place in the literature of
I war, besides the famous battery of the
Pardoned by Telephone.
From the Philadelphia Record.
The court of pardons today pardoned Clar
ence W. Derby, who had served about one
third of a three-year sentence for keeping a
disorderly house at Atlantic City. Derby Is
dying of consumption. He comes of a good
family in Pittsburg, and his petition was
signed by Gov. Hastings and a number of
other prominent Pennsylvanlans. Gov. Voor-
I hees was at Sea Girth, and gave his consent to
I the pardon over the telephone. Attorney
| General Gray said that this would be legal,
i Derby was immediately released aud taken
home by his parents.
Transportation In Havana.
The favorite means of transportation In
j Havana is by one-horse victorias, of which
i there are thousands. Two persons are en
j abled to go to any point within the city
i limits for a peseta, which Is equal to about
15 cents ln American currency.
Romance ReariiriK Forbidden.
The reading of romances is forbidden by
th/> Koran, hence popular tales are never put
ln writing among Mohammedans, but are
passed from one story-teller to another.
Death and Birth Rate.
It Is computed that the djr.t'i rate of the
world is 67 and tho birth rate 70 a minute
and t-Ja seemingly light percentage of gain
13 sufficient to g ye a net increase in ropula
tlon each year of almost 1.200.U00 souls.
An officer ln the Austrian army In Vienna
has Invented balloons which will float both
men and horses across a river. They are to
be fastened to belts around the men and to
the harness of horses.
A Danish locomotive engineer has been pun
ished with a fine of $12,000 and four months'
imprisonment for causing a railway acci
dent by his oarelcssness.
A MOTHER OF '1)S.
My gallant love goes out tcday.
With drums and bugles sounding gay;
I smile to cheer him on his way-
Smile back, my heart, to m°!
The flags are glittering in the light;
Is it their stars that blind my sightT
God, hold my tears until tonight-
Then set their fountains free!
He takes with him the light of May;
Alas! it seems but yesterday
He was a bright-haired child at play.
With eyes that knew no fear;
Blue eyes — true eyes! I s.*e them shine
Far down, along the waving line —
Now meet them bravely, eyes of mine!
Good cheer, my love, good cheer!
Oh, mother hearts, that dare not break!
That feel the stress, the long, long ache.
The tears that burn, the eyes that wake.
For these our cherished ones—
A.nd ye~-tru'„' hearts — not called to bear
Such pain and peril, for your share-
On, Hit with me the pleading prayer,
God save our gallant sons!
—Marion Couthouy Smith, ln Leslie's*.
| Poetry of ihe Period, I
Al* AIRY CREATION,
As red as the lily that blows
And vividly trembles and glows
On the moorland all day
To the halcyon's lay
And the surge of the wold undertows.
As blue as the billow that leans
As white as the sea foam that c'reens
In the teeth of the gale, P
And as white as the sail
That glimmers and gleams on the deeps.
Fashioned so airily,
Sculptured so fairlly,
Light as the light zephyr lulled to repose:
Sweet as the napery
Of | dream drapery,
Sweet as the night zephyr kissing the rose-
Lissom and willowy.
Breezy and billowy.
Witching, mysterious, dainty d'vine*
Wind dlmplPd puffiness—
What an imperious beauty i 3 thine!
Flimsy, dlapharous, light as the snow-
Darkling and sparkling, with lif" a. I aglow—
buch .s the witchery lent by the cute
bummer girl unto ber new bathing suit.
When she slides into it,
When she glides Into it,
Then shine the charms of her blue bath
— R. K. Munkltitrlck, in Chicago Tlmrs-Her
THE MAN BELOW.
While you sing of Schley and Hobson,
And of gallant Dewey, too.
While with thoughts of them your hearts are
I would sing you of another—
Just as brave and just as true—
Of the man who does the stoking down be
For his home is In the hell.
And he doesn't hear the yell,
That gor-s up when the firing's done.
When the shin he's with has won—
He must keep a-shoveling on,
Though his name be never mentioned,
Though wo see or know him not.
Though his deeds may never bring him
He's a man above the others—
And the bravest of the lot—
And the hero of the battle, Just the s/une.
He's the man who does the work,
From the labor does not shirk,
He Is shoveling day and night.
Feeding flames a-blazing bright.
Keeping up a killing fight,
In the awful heat and torture
Of the fires that leap and dance
In and out the furnace doors that never
On ln silence he must work.
For with him there's ne'er a chance
On his brow to feel the outer breeze that
For they've locked him In a roonp,
In a burning, blazing tomb,
Where he cannot see the sky.
Cannot leorn in time to fly.
When destruction stalketh nigh,
While the fighting fierce is raging,
And the cannon overhead
With their sizzling shells the enemy sur
To the stoker down below,
Not a word ia ever said.
To his ear ls borne no echo of the sound.
When they open wide his door,
And they cry. "You're work is o'er,
There they find him weakly lying
On a pile of coal and crying
Out in madne«s for he's dying
—Detroit Free Press.
CASABIANCA TO DATE.
The boy stood on the backyard fence,
Whence all but him had fled;
Tie flames that lit his father's barn
Shone just above the shed.
One bunch of crackers in his hand,
Two others in his hat.
With piteous accpnt loud he cried,
"I never thought of that!"
(A bunch of crackers to the tall
Of one small dog he'd tied;
The dog had sought the well-filled barn
And 'mid its ruins died!)
The sparks flew wide and red and hot;
They lit upon that brat;
They fired the crackers in his hand.
And eke those in his hat.
Then came a burst of rattling sound —
The boy! Where had he gone?
Ask of the winds that far around
Strewed bits of meat and bone
And scraps of clothes, and knives and tops.
And nails, and hooks, and yarn —
The relics of that dreadful boy
That burned his father's barn!
— Indianapolis Journal.
TO THE ARMY MILE.
The war steed wins his meed cf praise,
Oft sharing, on the shining i>age
Of history, fame's golden wr is,
Which are the hero's heritage;
In monumental brass he makes
A part of glory's entourage.
A city once wos named for him.
With thee, O mule, It is not thus!
No modern Alexander'!! find
In thee a new Bucephalus:
Thou'rt nothing but a nondescript—
In life and death inglorious!
I mind me of but one, 'mong all
Thy kind, who e'er on glory's track
Has made a record — only one.
And that the white mule Alborak,
Who, so 'tis said, bore Mahomet
To Allah's heaven upon his back.
The battle charger's shade, no doubt,
Neighs in Valhalla's vestibule:
But ne'er a niche doth Fame reserve
For thee. O plodding army mule!
Thy ghost, among the demigods.
Would be a butt for ridicule!
Yet, tho' to Glory's camping ground
Fate ne'er for thee let down the bars;
Tho' thou mays't never be the mount
By which the hero seeks the stars,
I strike my lyre to celebrate
Thee, O thou toughest aid cf Mars!
Oh, brins the atlps, mother.
The big one bound in red:
Likewise a magnifying glass
To show the letters spread
Across the tinted page, mother.
Where cri*s-cross lines confuse.
For I'm going to read the news, mother;
I'm going to read the news.
And pray do not neglect, mother.
To get a gazetteer
And a Spanish dictionary;
These woris are sadly queer.
It's a fearful undertaking
And It's giving me the blues,
But I'm going to road the news, mother,
I'm going to read the news.
Joyfully, when freedom gave
Sword and KCpter to die brave.
Young Columbia heard the word.
Grasped the s<tepter and the swerd;
Clothed herself with majese.y;
Crowned herself upon the s.a;
Called her sons from far and nigh —
Sons for her who gladly die —
Bid them dig for tyrants' grive3.
Thunder fieedom unto slaves;
Slay with sword and burn with flame
Every ancient wrong and shame;
Through the deadliest night ar.d day
Make for Liberty a way.
• « * a a a
Rest; for men so brave and true
Do what they are sent to do.
—Amelia E. Barr, in New York Herald.
A LESSON FROM HISTORY.
When France was smitten through her eagle
The victor stood above her. lying low.
And. with an armed heel upon her breast.
Tore land and treasure from the vanquished
And Germany now groans beneath her arm 3,
The sword ls never absent from her side,
Sho sleeps in steel, and dream 3of night
And battles roaring on her frontiers wide.
Ah! force not then a conquered race too far;
Tarnish not victory with plunder's stain;
Leave not your, laud an ccdles3 threat of
war; ■ .
A menace to your children still. In Spain-
Arming, conspiring, brooding on the past.
And— all prepared— striking in hate at last.
—Maxwell Wi. llama in Chicago Record.