Newspaper Page Text
mm J A<k §, Dr. M. L. Ravitch, of Lexington, Ky.,
M«/fV|H writes: " ' have tried Johann-Hoffs Malt
W@f VUil Extract and find It to be the best on
V W m fi tne market, in fact, I would hot
/ifin^iiiii uke any ° ther - in weak> anae "
rllllViallV mlc women with delicate
stomachs or intestinal
women tro tt^
johann Hofrs Malt Extract
REPLIES TO POTTER
t.I.ORK CORHEiSPOXnEVT TAKES DP
THE BISHOP'S ATTACK ITON
EAKNEST EFFORT DEFENDED
Kevr York Prelate Taken to Task
for Hict VteWM and for the I.an
r»«Rc in Which They Were
t'onened— The Controvm) Con
sidered I'poa Km Merita The
Alms and Objects of Prohibition.
To the Editor of The Globe:
Bishop Potter, in his recent dogmatic
reply to a letter from Lyman Abbott,
editor of the Outlook, requesting trie
bishop to furnish an article for publi
cation, giving his plan for dealing with
the saloon evil, instead of submitting
Eome feasible plan for restricting the
liquor traffic, confines his brief article al
most wholly to a malevolent tirade
against the prohibitionists. He embraced
the opportunity to grossly insult, in un
called for abusive language, a multitude
of deserving men and women belonging
to the organized body of earnest temper
ance workers who conscientiously balle'.-e
that It is not only legitimate, but highly
promotive of morality, to advocate, and,
tie far as possible, secure restrictive legls
latiun, both state and national, to pro
hibit the sale of intoxicating liquor as a
If the Invective of Biahop Potter
against the prohibitionists, in character
izing these countless thousands of sin
cere people as "Pharisees and arrogant.
Ignorant, untruthful, unscrupulous, fool
ish and hypocrkk-al," did not stand in
evidence against him, it would seem in
credible that a leading teacher of the
Christian religion should deem It con
eistent with his consecrated calling, and
should so far forget the ordinary courtesy
duo to ladies and gentlemen, and be so
unmindful of the spiritual duty he owes
to the rising generation, as to write in
cuch disrespectful terms of a large and
prominent class of citizens, who are wide
ly and favorably known for their benevo
lent works, not only in advocating the
cause of temperance, but in responding to
the calls for charitable relief generally.
Dr. Potter writes as follows:
"It is the old situation— as old as the
religion of Jesus Christ— with the Scribes
and Pharisees on the one hand, the Sad
dutees on the other, and, over against
them, the Truth.
"No more perfect reproduction of the
first named has appeared In our day than
the Prohibitionist, et id omne genus, ar
rogant, denunciatory, ignorant, unscrupu
lous, and untruthful; holding one meager
fragment of the truth to their eyes, and
denying great and fundamental facts in
human nature, in their foolish and futile
endeavor to remedy the perversion of
human instincts by extirpating them; true
children of the mediaeval systems of mo
nastic asceticism, which they would fain
Substitute for the freedom of a regenerat
td manhood. The grotesque hypocrisy of
the prohibition system, from Maine to
Kansas, is a sufficient commentary upon
their theories. Meantime, the endeavors
of wiser men and women to better the
condition— the homes, the domestic life,
the recreations — of their less-favored
brethren go untouched of these, fit suc
cessors of those to whom Jesus said:
"Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees,
hypocrites, for ye bind heavy burdens
upon men's shoulders, and grievous to be
borne, and ye yourselves will not touch
them with the tips of your fingers!"
"And over against them, as of old, are
the modern Sadducees, critical, indiffer
ent, apathetic. The dissensions of those
who are not agreed as to the problems of
intemperance and its cure are entertain
lng and amusing to these — and no more."
The bishop quaiificativtly commends
"men of wealth and intelligence" for tha
noble and generous things which they
have done for their fellow men, and sug
gestively refers to "fanatical and hyster
ical people" as follows:
"What I have said has its considerable
and inspiring qualifications; and men of
wealth and intelligence who had original
ly dismissed the 'saloon' question, and
all that It involves, as equally hopeless
and insoluble, have in recent years, and
in some conspicuous Instances which I
need not recall, grappled with the larger
problems of the housing and bettering of
•wage-earners In all the various aspects
in which those various problems present
themselves, and have done noble and gen
erous things along the line of a wiser
and more brotherly consideration*" for
their fellow men.
"Meantime, it may be well to relieve the
minds of fanatical and hysterical people
by saying that there is no one cure for
so vast a mischief as the saloon stands
The gratuitous attack of Bishop Potter
on the character of these philanthropic
people, representing almost every local
district of the United States, in harshly
denouncing them just because he is prej
udiced against their method of work of
inculcating temperance principles, and.
to quote his peculiar phrase, "et id omne
Epthis" ("everything of the kind"), Is ex
ceedingly reprehensible and calls for crit
ical rebukes by all classes of well-disposed
people, and especially those professing
Christianity. It Is evident that the bishop
does not clearly comprehend the scope of
the work of the Prohibitionists when he
charges them with "denying great and
fundamental facts in human nature. In
their foolish and futile endeavor to reme
dy the perversion of human instincts by
extirpating them." This is a narrow and
misleading Interpretation of the theory of
these people for practical temperance
■work, and is an unbecoming reflection on
the Intelligence of readers generally.
While it is devoutly wished by all that
depraved human instincts may In time be
wholly extirpated, and it Is believed that,
in the providence of God, the time will
eventually come when depravity will be
generally eradicated, the primary aim of
the Prohibitionists Is to aid as far as
possible in regenerating fallen manhood
by counteracting, through prohibitory
liquor laws, the prevailing human propen
sity to indulge an acquired taste for alco
It has been demonsrated by the testa of
practical experience that the sale of In
toxicating liquors as a beverage has
largely diminished In each community in
the states where prohibitory liquor laws
have been enacted and strictly enforced.
Tills salutary result naturally follows the
closing up by law of innumerable licensed
saloons and other drinking resorts, and
thus essentially reducing the oportunltles
to readily gratify a pernicious appetite
for stimulating drinks. Furthermore, the
old adage, "Out of sight, out of mind "
is especially exemplified In the fact that
It is the experience of those addicted
to strong drink, and is also the observa
tion of people who have given the sub
ject considerate attention, that, with
properly enforced restrictive liquor laws
and the consequent removal of tempta
tion, tha moderate desire of the occa-
sional indulgers, and even the insatiable
craving of the habitual drinkers, for spir
ituous liquors, is soon brought under
thorough self-control, and in time the
wish to gratify this evirpropensity grad
ually fades from the mind.
Dr. Potter's ideas in regard to the in
efficiency of prohibitory .laws to restrain
the use of liquor, as implied in his letter,
are fallacious and his prejudiced opinion
of the character of the people who favor
the prohibition movement is wholly un
justifiable. A great beneficent service to
mankind has been rendered by these peo
ple, and marked success has been achieved
In furthering the cause of temperance
under the prohibition plan for promoting
this great moral reform. The vast army
of Prohibitionists comprises a body of
well informed and conscientious men,
women and children, and their praise
worthy efforts, individually and collec
tively, to ameliorate the condition of the
poor and raise the fallen are well known
and highly appreciated by the generality
of people throughout the Union.
While the enforcement of prohibitory
liquor laws in the various states where
they have been enacted is: as was ex
pected it would be, persistently obstructed
by the liquor dealers, and materially
hindered through the indifference of many
citizens who ought, for the good of the
human family, to cordially support the
enforcement of those measures, it is very
gratifying to know that these are but few
of the ministers of the gospel who deny
and actively oppose this great meritorious
prohibition movement. But the prohibi
tionists are not disheartened by opposi
tion. The success which has attended i
their efforts to secure the enactment of
prohibitory laws in a number of states,
encourages them to believe, that, within
a reasonable length of time, with the help
of divine influences the pale of liquor as a
beverage will be practically suppressed by
wholesome laws in every state of the re
public The fight will be persevering'y
continued year after year until a suffi
cient number of members of each of the
state legislatures and of congress are
chosen who will favor the passage of
laws, both state and national, to prohibit
the sale of intoxicating bjverages in all of
the states and territories and elect execu
tive officers who will rigidly enforce such
Bishop Potters sensational assertion, at
a meeting held at the Waldorf-Astoria
hotel. New York, a short time ago for the
purpose of raising money for founding a
"squirril inn" to be maintained in that
city, that the saloon is a "social neces
slty"and the "poor man's club" which
satisfies his "recreative instincts," Is a
moderate recognition of the saloon evil
as being advantageous to the poor man,
socially, which will be gratefully received
by the liquor dealers, but it will be mildly
pleasing to them In comparison with the
satisfaction with which they they will
welcome the bishop's vituperative denun
ciation of the Prohibitionists, the stead
fast opponents of the liquor traffic, and a
body of practical temperance workers
who are more feared by the liquor trad
ers as an element better calculated to
interrupt their ogjectionable business at
no distant day, througn the liistnrmfental-
Ity of restriction laws, than any other of
the various prominent organizations which
are effectively working on moral suasion
lines and which are generally laboring
hand in hand with the pfohifcltlonists to
advance the cause of temperance.
—X. T. Z.
St. Paul, April 1, 1899.
SENATE WILL BE KEPT BUSY
IT WIIX HAVE TO GET *>OWN
TO WORK THIS
There Are Over Two Hundred Bills
on General Orders, and Some of
Them Will Excite Considerable
When the senate meets at .2:30 this aft
ernoon it will start on what promises to
be one of the stormiest, as well as one
of the busiest, weeks of , t,he session.
There has been a lazy and listless dis
position on the part of this body which
has resulted in the accumulation on gen
eral orders of over 200 bills, which will
confront the senators today. Perhaps a
fourth of them are of considerable im
portance, not to mention the omnibus
appropriation bill, upon which a Joint
committee from both senate and house
is now at work.
Senator Wilson's bill to put the state
oil inspector on a salary, Instead of con
tinuing him on the fee basis, promises
to provoke a fight when it comes up on
the calendar, which will be In order to
The Staples bill for the prevention of
the sale of timber and ore from lands
until delinquent taxes are paid has been
given a place near the head of gen
eral orders, and it is believed will pass
about the middle of the week with small
opposition, It being needed by the Re
publicans for political capital, as they
The Jepson medical bill promises
to meet with strenuous opposition when
it comes ui^Gn the calendar.
The possibility of a veto by the gov
ernor, which has been suggested by the
opponents of the Anoka-Hastings hos
pital bill, precipitates an element of un
certainty into the coming week, too, as
does the somewhat unsettled position In
which the Jacobson railroad gross earn
ings tax bill was left last week, which per
mits it to be called up any day at the
will of any of its advocates.
Then there are some other gross earn
ings tax bills on the docket, notably on
express and sleeping car companies
which promise to excite consideration
argument when they are reached.
• • •
The house is pretty well caught up
on its work, but will reconvene this
morning at 10 o'clock.
• • •
The immigration committee of the
Commercial club will appear before the
appropriations committee of the house
tomorrow afternoon at 6 o'clock for a
conference over the bill now pending in
the legislature providing for the organ
ization of an immigration commission,
and the establishment of a traveling ex
hibit on wheels to go through the East
ern and Southern states for the general
purpose of advertising the weath and re
sources of the state. The club was in
strumental In having had the bill intro
duced, and has had a conference in the
club with members of the Immigration
committees of the senate and house
The recent movement of settlers to. the
states west of Minnesota demonstrates
that a large share of this immigration
might be directed to this state if means
were provided as Indicated m the bill
to enable the state to advertise as effec
tively and as persistently as -do the rail
AEE YOU _VACCINATED ?
And Are Yon Sick?
"in"?,' le L UB tell «?°^ ■omething which
will benefit you. We have an instrument
called Panaxora that will cure you com
pletely In a few gay^jt #Iwb.yii 4oea it,
and it costs only $2.. You can rely upon it
C. & Wilson. «ll New York Uf« Building; j
THB ST. PAUL GLOBE, MONDAY, APRIL 3, 1899.
MUCB OF IT IS GREEN
A GO\ KHXMKNT COMMISSION COULD
JOW SBE THE DEAD
AS WELL AS THE LIVE PINE
If the Sevrfliu-j of the Interior Has
the Interent of the Indian* In
Mind He Hns a <;«>«ml Chance to
Prove It I.hiklliiuh That Speak
for TheintielveH at PreMent—Op
portunity 'Will Soon Be Lost.
The statements published In The
Globe, regarding the Illegal cutting of
green timber, under the supervision of
Supt. Rosa and his assistants, on Leech
lake, Cass lake and Winnibegoshlah lake
Indian reservations, are verified by sev
eral legitimate Twin City lumber con
cerns, and the evidence which has been
collected during the week by this paper.
The G1 o b c's inquiry develops the fact
that on the three reservations there Is,
roughly estimated, 70,000,000 feet of timber
lying in the booms on the ice, ready to be
driven down the Mississippi river to the
mills as soon as the driving season com
The timber has all been cut under the
"dead-and-down" act, and is said to- be
75 per cent green logs. This statement is
made by people who are in a position to
know, and is substantiated by affidavits
and interviews with people on the ground,
published below. Unless the department
of the interior takes Immediate coj?ni
zance of the reports made by Indian
Agent Mercer and Dr. E. 8. Hart, the
timber sharks will escape for another
At present every log which has been
cut on the reservation during the winter
can be seen at the landings of the various
camps around the three lakes. An official
inquiry made by the Washington officials
would accomplish r great deal that would
be of benefit to the Indians, and compel
the payment for all timber stolen from
the Indians. A delay of a few weeks will
make such an inquiry practically useless,
as it is said the operators may "burn"'
over the works, thus destroying the
stump and tops, while the logs will be
many miles from the place where they
were cut. With this condition existing
it will be impossible to bring proof
against the operators. The location of
the timber on the reservation is as fol
WHERE THE TIMBER LIES.
Pike bay, the lower section of Cass
lake, contains about 20,000,000 feet of logs.
The percentage of green timber here is
larger than almost any other landing on
the entire reservation.
Sucker bay contains six landings, with
about 12,000,000 feet of logs.
The landings of the five camps on the
south side of the lake contain in the ag
gregate 15,000,000 feet of timber.
In detail there are thirty-one camps on
the reservation, located as follows:
Three Camps— Turtle river.
Two Camps — Cass river.
One Camp— Head of Ball Club lake.
One Camp— l4s, 25.
One Camp— l 44, 27.
One Camp— l 44, 28.
Four Camps— l 44, 20.
Four Camps— l4s, 29.
Two Camps— l 46. 29.
Three Camps— l 44. 30, Sucker bay.
Two Camps— l4s, 30.
One Camp— l 47, 30.
Two Camps— l 44. 81.
Five Camps— l4s. 31.
Every foot of timber cut on the reser
vation has been done under the super
vision of the government agents. These
officers are not supposed to allow green
timber to be cut, and the United States
courts have laid down in very plain lan
guage what the statute implies by "dead
and down" timber.
In face of the fact that the department
of the interior is in possession of the full
facts bearing upon the subject, It Is a
matter of significance, perhaps, that the
promised investigation has not mate
The operators and the government
agents are exerting every influence to
hold the matter up until after the driv
ing season commences, when proofs of
the trespass will be hard to secure.
AT THE LANDING.
The Globe correspondent, in connec
tion with Edward Lucia, an ex-govern
ment employe; Peter Bungo, a reserva
tion Indian, and George Burnett, an In
dian policeman, visited one lumber camp
and four landings of concerns operating
on the west side of Leech, around Suck
er bay, March 26. The last landing vis
ited was about twenty miles northwest
The camp of George Andrews was first
visited. Operations had been suspended
for the season and part of the crew had
left the woods. Two booms were located
on the shore line of town 144, range 80,
section 26, one on each side of the road.
One boom contained about 1,500 logs and
the other about 500 logs. The logs were
all marked "L O D." The Globe rep
resentative counted 100 logs in one row,
of which but twenty were apparently
dead. Lucia and the two Indians both
made counts, which brought the general
average of green timber in the boom to
about 80 per cent. The logs were count
ed on the north side of the boom.
The logs in the smaller boom had evi
dently been cut the year before, and !t
was difficult to make any estimate on
these. They were all of fine looking tim
ber and were evidently cut green.
The Roy brothers boom located on
the shore line of the section Just north,
contained something under a million feet!
The logs were marked W. K. The In
dians and Lucia estimated that about 60
per cent of the loss were green tim
Just across from the Roy brothers land
ing, the Ackley Lumber company's boom
was visited. The timber was being cut
by a contractor named Hatcher. Out of
a row of seventy logs Lucia counted but
nine dead. Peter Bunge counted a row
of fifty-one logs of which but four wera
dead. The Indian policeman counted but
three dead ones out of a row of fifty.
The Fairbanks boom next to the Roy
brothers was also visited and it averaged
about 60 per cent green.
ONE FAIR LANDING.
The party next visited the landing of
John Pemberton, on the shore line of
township 143, range 20, section 8. The
boom continued several hundred thousand
feet, of which nearly all were dead.
Bungo, the Indian, ventured the asser
tion that the Indians would have no com
plaint coming if the logs averaged as
well as Pemberton's.
M. H. Craig, representative of the C.
A. Smith Lumber Company of Minne
apolis, was seen by The Globe corres
pondent, and said: "Whether or not the
government inspectors are all right I
cannot say, but I have heard it stated
right along that 75 per cent of the tim
ber being cut on the reservation Is
green. I came up here last fall with the
intention of buying some dead and down
logs, but when I saw the condition of af
fairs I decided to keep out of it. I have
from the first favored the Menomonie
plan of bank scale. This would I think
give the Indians full justice, and would
be much more satisfactory to legitimate
lumberman than the present system. On
the Red Lake reservation it cost $375,000
to -estimate the timber, and at the sale
held some time ago the fifty towns sold
brought $390,000, or $IC,OOO more than it
cost to have the timber estimated. The
whole cost of estimating the reservations
is something like $2,000,000, and the gov
ernment has received but about $1,000,000
form the sale of all these lands. I think
this is evidence of Itself of the farce of
the present system.
PUT ON THE AGENT.
If the promised Investigation material
izes every log on the lake will be stamp
ed United States, and tied up until the
facts regarding the charges have been
The situation here at Leech lake is
much the same as that brought out In
the suit of the government against the
Pine River Lumber cimpany. The com
pany had a contract J» cut 3,000,000 more
or less. Nearly. 20,(Xi,000 feet was cut
and In the suit the supreme court held
that 20,000,000 feet exceeded the bounds
of the contract and a judgment of sev
eral hundred thousand dollars was en
tered against the C<|n|pany. The com
pany In Us defense claimed that the work
was superintended by a government
agent and that he permitted them to
cut that much timber. The court held
that the government »«ent had no au
thority to permit them to cut more tim
ber than the contract called for. The
same will apply, I think, to the com
panies operating up here. If they are
cutting green timttefctwlth the permis
sion of the government superintendents,
they are liable to be held just the same.
WHAT OT,H^B SAY.
Henry Feaulieu, one of the census tak
ers for the ratification", and one of the
White Earth interpreters of the treaty
said to The Glob c, cprrespondent. "I
took the vote on the Nelson treaty in
1899, and I am ashanied of tt. We were
led to believe that l\- was for our best
interests, and not told that if the timber
was sold to the highest bidder that we
were to loose our land, and make the
purchasers a present of all the hardwood
burned, dead or down timber. I say I
would undo the whole thing if I could
as it is an outrage. The treaty could
have never passed If all the boys on the
reservation had not been polled. I did
not know that it was wrong at the time,
as I did just what I was told to by the
John Lyons, an interpreter living on
Winnebegoshish reservation stated that
every boy of the age of eighteen was
polled to taking the vote on the treaty
ten years ago. Not an Indian on the list
knew that if the land department ever
decided to sell the timber that they
would loose their lands and homes at the
The statement was made The Globe
by a responsible party In Walker that
all the government estimators were
"sore" because the reservation had not
been opened and sold'" for reasons best
known to themselves.'
George McCree, representative of the •
E. W. Backus Lumber company, was seen
and said that he personally favored a
change of the present system of selling
dead-and-down to a bank scale, and Mr.
Backus shared the same sentiments.
A business man of Walker said to The
Globe that the Indians spent all their
money in Walker and vicinity, and as a
business proposition they did not propose :
to see the Indians robbed by non-resi
dents and mixed bloods from White
Dr. Hart has ben In St. Paul for several
days, but his position is well known. He
has protested vigorous^ from time to
time against the system.and believes that
the Indians have been treated In a shame
ful manner. One of", tWe, strongest points
made by him in his 'communications with
the interior department. Is tha\ the esti
mators and superintendents draw large
per diem and they give* the Indians no
service, and the drain on, the Indian funds
is a severe one and should be stopped.
Sherman Bush, a', foreman for Cook
Bros., stated, when in the city Monday,
that he saw several, government esti
mators in camp for'.t.wo weeks, near
Leech lake, and they ; .did' not move out of
the camp once, but; : lald: around and en
joyed themselves. '
It is common talk .around Walker that
loggers are cutting timber from Indian
allotments, contrary to. law. One man
made the statement that he *id bought
4,000,000 on an allotment and only paid
for 2,000,000. It is stated that other log
gers are cutting from allotments.
Editor E. G. Bernard, of the Walker
Pilot, said: "I have favored the cutting
of dead-and-down pine on the reserva
tion, as I believe It for the best Interests
of the Indians. If timber had not
been cut it would haye gone to the pur
chasers of the reservation pine when
placed on the market; and the Indians
would have received no returns for It.
If, however, the numerous reports which
we hear are true, no one will be more
ernest than myself in putting a stop to
further operation on the reservation."
WILLIAM MARTIN'S AFFIDAVIT.
•nm» te *& Ml nnesotk, 'County of Cass—
William Martin deposes and says that he
is captain of police of the Leech Lake
Indian reservation, and that on the 23rd
of January, 1899. he was sent, out by
Dr. Hart, acting Indian agent, to Investi
gate charges which had been made re
garding the cutting of green timber by
loggers .on the reservation. ■ ■■
Deponent further deposing, nays that
he first visited the camps of "Warren and
Fairbanks on Steamboat lake, and that
they found that green timber had been
and was being cut af these camps. The
logs he saw were both at the landing and
In the woods. At the landing almost all
the logs were green. He then visited
Lydick s camp at Pike bay, where they
w-ere cutting lots of green timber. He saw
the green logs on the sleds and also In
the woods He then visited the camp of
Charles Morrison, fourteen miles north
of Cass lake. That here he found most
t + V? c } ogs £ eln € cut were STeen. Some
of the trees had been marked dead by the
marker and some had not been marked at
™ -William (his X mark) Martin.
1 he above was read and interpreted to
the aforesa d William Martin, and was by
ti m ?- v*u *u SC J lbed * a ? d Sworn to before me,
this 2ith day of March, 1899
,« WWi McCarthy,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
WHAT LUCIA SAW.
Cass— Edwin Lucia,' being duly sworn
th e P vtn 8 a . and f S^ S iJ ha V he * s a resident ™f
« n Y h fr f v, Wa L ker ' Cass coun ty. Minn.,
and that he has been employed, working
in the pineries for several years, and
thoroughly understands the difference be
tween dead and green timber. Deponent
Jk is«T £ eposln » sa >: s that on March
m, 1899, he accompanied Gray W. Rich
ardson of St. Paul; Peter Bungo, a Cnip
pewa Indian, of Leech Lake reservation
and one of the Indian police, from the
f£?£ ey> °" a Jour of inspection of the
landings of the different logging com
panies engaged in cutting the dead and
down timber on the reservation
Deponent further deposing says that at
tne landing of George Andrews, fully 50
per cent of the logs there were ffreen
At thel anding belonging toAkeley Lum
i ber company, situated on the east' side of
Sucker bay, fully 60 per cent of the Jogs
there were green timber.
At the landing of Warren and Fair
banks, near the mouth of Sucker brook
fully 50 per cent of the logs were green
o*. .*. - ED LUCIA.
bubserlbed and sworn to before me
this 27th day of March, 1899.
— J. W. McGary,
FEW DEAD LOGS.
State of Minnesota, County of Cass—
Gray W. Richardson, being sworn, de
poses and says that he is a resident of
the city of St. Paul, and that on the 26th
day of March he visited the log landings
of George Andrews, situated on the west
side of Sucker bay, on Leech Lake; the
Akeley Lumber company, situated on the
east side of Sucker bay, and Warren and
Fairbanks, situated near the mouth of
Sucker brook, in company with Edward
Lucia, a resident of Walker, Peter
Bungo, a Chippewa Indian, and one of the
Indian police from the agency.
Deponent, further deposing, says he
saw very few dead logs on the landings
above mentioned, and nearly all the logs
appeared to be green timber.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
27th day of March, 1899. ■
— Gnay W. Richardson.
J. W. McGarry, Notary Public.
AS BUNGO SIZED IT UP.
State of Minnesota, '(Jbunty of Cass—
Peter Bungo, being duly sworn, says that
he is a member of tm Chippewa tribe of
Indians, and a resident 08 the Leech Lake
reservation, that he .has spent all his life
in the woods and that ha thoroughly un
derstands the difference, between green
and dead timber. Deponent, further de
posing, says on March" : 26, 1899, he ac
companied Gray Richardson, of St. Paul,
Edward Lucia and Gteorge Brunette, one
of the Indian police.' to the log landings
at the head of Sucker, bay.
Deponent,, further, deposing, says that
at the landing of 'the Akeley Lumber
company, situated bn tfie east side of
Sucker bay, he counted fifty logs in one
row, and out of thai number only four
were dead logs. t/. rf.
That the boom -at.. George Andrews'
landing he counted .127 logs, of which 27
were dead and 100 green logs.
The above read and explained to said
Peter Bungo, and by him subscribed and
sworn to before me, this 27th day of
March, 1899. —Peter Bonga.
J. W. McGarry,
Notary Public for Cass County, Minn.
-^»- f 1 ~ ■
.There is not enough wf Apple Blossom
b lour to go around, because the grade
Is kept up, has been kept up and always
will be kept at the higheßt nofch-^Per
fectlon. If you are spry your grocer
can supply you.
STKARINE IS BARRED
ITS USB IN THE MAKING OF' •'PRO
CESS" BITTER MAKES IT
FEDERAL OLEO LAW ADVERSE
It Render* the Product Liable to a
Heavy Tax Dairying as a Mon
«•> -MuKliik Industry Quality Vs.
Quantity In Butter Making
New England Han v Milk
The legislature has recently passed
and the governor approved a bill that
requires all butter, the gatherings of
rancid stuff from country stores, which
Is worked over or renovated to bear upo:i
its package a plainly printed label mark-
Ing it as "renovated butter."
This has for years been made a voca
tion by men who scour the country buy
ing butter that would otherwise go to
making axlegrease and, after putting it
through their processes, selling It for
creamery butter, there comes in the
fraud which the law seeks to prevent.
The processes vary. By one the old
butter is melted and then dropped into
a trough containing Ice water, in which
the melted butter forms Into granules,
which are then churned in sour milk,
washed, salted and given a uniform color.
By another the melted stuff is run
through a separator, and in the aeration
much of the rancid odor is thrown off.
The subsequent process is the same as
in the other.
To give this renovated butter a stiff
body some renovators add beef stearine
to the butter, but for doing this they
run themselves into -conflict with the
United States revenue laws taxing oleo
margarine and the state law prohibiting
the making of it, for this mixture makes
oleo of the product.
• * •
The question Is often asked whether
dairying pays, and to it a qualified an
swer must be given, says the lowa Home
stead in a recent issue. Good dairying
pays. In it, as in other occupations or
special lines, there is always room at the
top. To those who are away below the
top dairying is no more an Infallible road
to prosperity than is any other calling to
those similarly situated with respect to
It. There are lawyers and doctors who
make very large incomes, and there are
others whose earnings are hardly equal
to those of a dry gods clerk in his 'teens.
Dairying will pay those who learn it well
and thoroughly, and who provide them
selves with dairy herds capable of mak
ing a good profit. It will not pay thosa
who jump into it without any knowledge
of it or preparation for it, but who are
led to engago in it simply because, for the
time being, the prices of dairy products
seem to Indicate that dairying is a profit
• • •
Occasionally one hears of a man who
says he can get more butter out of milk
than a butter maker can at a separator
butter factory. This may be and is true
in some cases, but not If the butter
maker understands his business. We are
personally acquainted with many such
persons, and who actually do churn out
more butter by from 80 to 50 per cent than
there is butter fat in the milk, and this
is considerably more than any first-class
butter maker can do. Now, who is at
fault— you who can churn such large
amounts, or the butter makers? We say
frankly you are the one who is at fault.
Your butter contains too much moisture,
caselne, and no one knows what else, and
If you send it to one of the great butter
centers to get it scored or sold on its
merits you would quickly find you were
"not in it" when it came to getting the
price of extras.
• • •
One of the latest things In the com
mercial world that is of interest to
dairymen Is a milk trust. It is a com
bination with a capital of $30,000,000. It
will b« known as the New England
Dairy company, and will absorb all the
milk selling concerns in Massachusetts
Vermont, Connecticut, Rhode Island ana
New York. It would appear to a casual
observer that the farmers who supply
the milk, If ever the trust becomes op
pressive, could institute a whip-row very
easily, provided they would organize.
But there is the rub. The capitalists
can organize, even with millions at stake,
but the farmers will not. All that
would be necessary to do would be for
the farmers at every milk shipping sta
tion to organize a creamery and equip
it and manufacture all their surplus milk
into butter and feed the skim milk to
calves and pigs. The milk trust bank on
the fact that farmers will not organize
and are not smart enough to keep their
surplus milk at home and divert It to
some other use, but that they must
helplessly sell It to them, the trust.
• • •
The following table shows the number
and value of miloh cows In the United
States from IS9I to 1896:
Jan. 1. Number. Value.
1891 16,091,591 $346,397,900
«92 16,416,351 351878132
1893 16,424,087 357,299.985
1894 16,487.400 858.998,681
1895 16.504,629 362,601,729
1896 16.137,586 363,955,545
The above computation, which is taken
from the figures of the department of
agriculture, shows that there has been
a steady, though slow Increase in the
number of cows since 1891.
To the casual thinker, the small ratio
of such increase will occasion surprise.
For Instance, the increase in four years,
from 1891 to 1895, was only 485,039, while
in 1896 the number actually decreased
from that of the year before 367,043.
Of course this statement is but the
estimate of the officials of the depart
ment, but they have the best opportunity,
and the most reliable data in the nation,
upon which to base an estimate, and we
may conclude that their figures are fair
ly accurate. These figures afford us an
opportunity for looking at the actual
drift of the dairy interest. The cost of
production, which of course decides the
amount of profit which Is left In the
pocket of the cow owner, is determined
not so much by the market price of but
ter and cheese, as by the Intelligence of
the cow owner and the capacity of the
cow. Put a good cow and an intelligent
owner together, and more profit will be
derived at low prices than with a poor
cow and ignorance with high prices.
The average value of the cows of the
United States, as shown by the figures at
the head of this article, was $21.62 in 1891;
$21.41 In 1892; $21.96 in 1895, and $22.55 In
The cause of the marked falling off in
the number of cows in 1896 is hard to
determine. The high prices for veals
no doubt has caused the death of many |
a likely heifer calf. It is a fact, how
ever, that as the number of cows in
creases in any given territory, the num
ber of heifers that are raised to cow
hood decreases in like proportion.
The proper thing to do now is to call
for Hamm's Bock Beer.
«» — ,
TnoumandN of Trains.
Of the thousands of passenger trains
which arrived and departed over the
ten lines running into the St. Paul Union
depot during the past year, 22 per cent
of them were operated by The North-
Western Line— C. St. P., M. & O. rail
way—while the company coming next
had less than 14*4 per cent.
The great speed and security with
which this large number of trains were
handled by The North-Western Line
comes as a result from the fact that
they have more miles of road equipped
with the "block signal system" than has
any other line entering the Twin Cities.
The "North-Western Limited" is the.
finest train in the world. There are
many little features possessed by it that
are to be found in no other trains, no
tably, the electric lighting effects, etc.,
which all go towards making it so com
The New Brew
■ I<| j^? of the Anheuser-Busch
ij^^iW — "The American Porter"
Su PPl'« • delightful beverage (o
>^\ F^^^^ the American public that has long been
demanded but never previously attained. It is superior in every way to
the best English Porter, Stout and 'alf and 'alft being mellow, refreshing
and palatable. The only perfect Porter of American mate.
Try a bottle of the new brew. Sold at all buffets.
Made only by
ANHEUSER BUSCH BREWING ASS'N, St. Louis, U. S. A.
Brewers of the Famous Original Budweiser. Faust, Mlcheiob,
Anheuser Standard. Pate Lager and Anhemcr-Bmch Dark.
FISHING FOR THE SEA SPIDER.
lively Encounter With an I ncanny
Creature in Alaskan Waters.
"If any one desires' a dash of excite
ment I can recommend the fishing of
Alaska," said a returned Klondiker. "I
had been fishing above Sitka, when one
day I found myself near a camp of In
dians. As they were going out on the
following morning to fish I per
suaded them to take me with them.
We dropped anchor in the lee of a little
point of rocks, where we began fishing.
It is a famous country for fish, and It
was nqthlng but pull in for the natives,
while I did not have a bite.
"My time was coming, however. I had
on a heavy sinker, so that every time the
boat lifted I felt a sharp jerk, which de
ceived me. But once, when the boat rose
high on a big wave, my line did not give,
and I shouted to the Indian next to me
that I was foul. He took the line, gave
a tremendous jerk, and received one In
return; then, bracing himself back, he
began to pull and scream; then all hands
screamed, and I understood that a sea
spider had the line and also the bottom.
I expected every minute to see the canoe
go over, as the men went from side to
side, now forcing the rail down so that
the water poured. In, now lifting with a
mighty yell, then slacking off bo suddenly
that they fell In a heap.
"In the midst of the confusion the sea
spider concluded to come aboard. Torn
from the bottom, it had come up easily;
then, seeing the canoe, and possibly
thinking it a vantage ground, it grasped
it and slid over the side, a mass of living,
slimy, reddish-brown snakes. When they
were raised I could see rows of suckers,
each of which was a veritable air-pump,
and, as there were seemingly thousands of
them, the sucking power of this spider of
the sea was apparent. Blows were aimed
at It whenever opportunity offered, but
the weird animal fairly slid over the rail,
winding one of its arms around an oar.
Its head or body hung on the rail— a
brown mass the size of a man's head—
from which gleamed two greenish-yellow
eyes. The strange animal changed color
like a chameleon; flushes of red, brown
and gray followed each other over it, while
from Its lower portion oozed a stream of
ink which splashed in our faces as the
tentacles flew about. It was fifteen min
utes before they had the life hammered
out of the frightful creature, then it was
a question who had won,
"The canoe was now half full of water,
as a hole had. been knocked in the side,
•which was finally stopped with a piece of
skin. It was five miles to camp, but I
preferred walking, and had the- men put
me ashore. I got to the camp In time to
meet them and see the sea spider taken
out. It had a spread of nearly twenty
five feet, measuring from the tip of the
FOOL TRAIT OF BABY CRABS.
Make Prisoners of Themselves by
Crawllßß Into Live Oysters.
New York Suri.
An oyster shucker found In the shell of
the bivalve what he called a baby crab.
"That's the first one of that kind I ever
found In a Long Island oyster," said the
old Bhucker, "and I've been shucking
along the sound for twenty years. But
such crabs are frequently found In Vir
ginia oyster shells and are considered
great delicacies when you get enough of
them. Last summer I was shucking while
on a visit In Virginia, and I found enough
baby crabs in oyster shells to fill an ordi
nary-size coffee cup. A young woman saw
them and clapped her hands at the sight.
She asked me what I would take for
them, and I said $2 without thinking. She
took me up quicker than a mice, and off
she ran with them ac if she had drawn
"Why do they go into oyster shells? "
"I don't know. I asked an old Virginia
shucker that same question, and he said
it was because they were lonesome and
went in for company. But I don't be
lieve It. That would mean that crabs
think, and we know they don't. Neither
does a lobster. I think the biggest fool in
water Is the lobster. I suppose you know
how we catch lobsters in the sound? Take
a box, bore holes in the side of It, and
sink It. Put out your buoy go you'll know
where to find the box. Leave the box
sunk all night and go out next morning
and haul It up, and you've got a box full
of lobsters. And the funny thing about it
is that they go into the holes backward.
Even people will put their heads into
holes where they are looking, but it takes
a lobster to back Into a hole, and they
keep on doing it. Fish are smart. You
have to play with them to get them to
bite. But lobsters, they back right Into
your arms. Biggest fools that live."
■ An Old Warning.
The oldest Egyptian papyrus, which
contains a series of moral aphorisms of
the fifth Egyptian dynasty (8566-3333 B. C.)
Is said to afford the earliest instance of
the moral treatment of intoxication, and
the first warning in writing against
drinking in wine shops. "My son," run*
the injunction, "do not linger in the wine
shop or drink too much wine. Thou fall
est upon the ground; thy limbs become
weak as those of a child. One cometh to
do trade with thee, and findeth thee so.
Then say they, 'Take away the fellow,
for ha is drunk.' "
Had Job Beaten.
It Is related of Sir Henry Hawkins that
he was hearing a long, tedious and unin
teresting case in the English courts. He
became weary of the long-winded argu
ment, being made by the learned counsel
for one side of the controversy. At last
he wrote a note and sent it by his page to
the queen's counsel, also In the case. The
note read: "Patience Competition, gold
medal, Sir Henry Hawkins; honorable
Finest Rojtsian Furs Go for Tribute.
The finest furs In all Russia are- laid
aside as tribute, and become the property
of the crown. So highly are these furs
esteemed that no person below a certaih
rank is allowed to wear them.
In all its stages there &}£ JjUfl/
should be cleanliness. '/J&Jr
Ely's Cream Balm \* <$^f
cleanses, soothes and heals &M
the diseased membrane, •"3»** : «rtbjL
It cures catarrh and drives
away a cold In the head ff^^^^^k
Cream Balm is placed Into the nostrils, spreads
over the membrane and is absorbed. Raiief is Im
mediate and a euro follows. It is not drying— doe*
not produce sneezing. ' Large Size, 60 ccn t • at Drug
gists or by mall ; Trial Size, 10 cents by ma! 1.
SLY BROTHERS, 60 Warren Street, New Yah.
CONTINENTAL ASSI R.UCE COM
PANY OF NORTH AMERICA.
Business office, Detroit. Mich.; home
?.,??• Han »mond, Ind. (Organized In 1897 )
Collins B. Hubbord, President. Bryant
Walker, Secretary. Attorney to accept
service in Minnesota: Insurance Commis
sioner. Cash capital, $200,000
INCOME IN 1898.
Plate glass n.BB
Total premium income $50,702 71
From interest, dividends and
rents 9,614 81
From all other sources, surplus
* und 25,000.00
Total income $115,317 52
DISBURSEMENTS IN 1898.
Claims Paid . (Net)—
tm M et P ald P° llc J T holders $34,649.09
LJlvldends to stockholders 44 846 75
Commissions, salaries, and ex
penses of agents 24,677.93
Salaries of officers, employes
and examiners' fees 8,999.91
AH other disbursements 10,123.95
Total disbursements $123,196.69
Excess of disbursements over In
ASSETS DEC. 31, 1898.
Mortgage loans $100,000.00
Collateral loans 250000
Bonds and stocks owned ]02i561'.75
Cash in office and in bank 45 862 90
Accrued Interest and rents 1.068.71
Deferred and unpaid premiums.. 40 613 42
All other admitted assets 1.530.29
Total admitted assets $294,527.07
Claims in process of adjustment
and known $3,163.12
Aggregate of unpaid claims.. $3,168.12
Reinsurance reserve 36 250 34
All other liabilities 2^495 49
Capital stock paid up 200,000.00
Total liabilities including
Surplus beyond capital and other
RISKS AND PREMIUMS 1898.
Amount at Written
Risk Begin- or Renew
ning of cii During
. ■ Year. Year.
Accident $3,926 $4,503.17«
Plate glass .; 1,775
Totals .. ~ $3.92^ 74.809.951
Premium* Amount at
Received Risk End
Thereon of Year.
Accident $156,904. 94 $2,142 839
Plate glass 168.08 1,746
Totals 1167,073^02 $2,144,584
Losses incurred during the year.557,812.17
BUSINESS IN MINNESOTA ~IN 1898 ~"
Risks written $17,0C6 00
Premiums received .261 63
Losses paid 152'(i7
Losses incurred . . 152 07
Amount at risk end of year 12, 150. 00
State of Minnesota,
Department of Insurance
t v .St P( i u1 ' March 27, 1899.
I, the undersigned Insurance Commis
sioner of the State of Minnesota do here
by certify that the Continental Assurance
Company, above named, has compiled
with the laws of this State relating to in
surance, and is now fully empowered
through its authorized agents, to transact
its appropriate business of Accident In
surance In this Btate for the year ending
January 31st, 1900.
J. A. OSHAUGHNKSSY,
GREAT EASTERN CASUALTY AM)
Principal office. New York, N. i". (Or
ganized In 1893.) Cornelius Van Cott,
President. Louis H. Fibel. Secretary.
Attorney to accept service In Minnesota:
Insurance Commissioner. Cash capital.
INCOME IN 1898.
Total premium Income $80,450.35
From interest, dividends and
From all other sources 249.31
Total income $85,031.07
DISBURSEMENTS IN 189 S.
Claims Paid (Net)—
Net paid policy holders $29,649.23
Commissions, salaries, and ex
penses of agents 27.455.57
Salaries of officers, employes and
examiners' fees 13.210.00
All other disbursements 7.875.94
Total disbursements $78.221 . 09 '
Excess of income over disburse
ments ' $6,809.98
ASSETS DEC. 31, 1898.
Bonds and stocks owned $137,225.00
Cash in office ar.d in bank 18,426.29
Accrued Interest and rents 770 ! 00
Deferred and unpaid premiums. 7,945.00
Total admitted assets $164,366.29
Claims resisted and disputed $:oo 00
Estimated expenses or settle
Aggregate of unpaid claims $5.500. 00
Reinsurance reserve 24 06') 08
All other liabilities 1106 2S
Capital stock paid up 125^000. 0b
Total liabilities Including
Surplus beyond capital and other
RISKS AND PREMIUMS IS9B.
Amount at Risk beginning of
Written or renewed during
Premiums received thereon .. 98,6fi5.60'
Amount at risk end of year.. 44,327,000.00
Losses incurred during the
BUSINESS IN MINNESOTA IN 18957~
Risks written $798,000.00
Premiums received 559.40
Losses paid 50. 00
Losses incurred 50.00
Amount at risk end of year 287,000.00
State of Minnesota, . .
Department of Insurance.
St. Paul, March 25, 1899,
I, the undersigned Insurance Commis
sioner of the State of Minnesota, do here
by certify that the Great Eastern
Casualty and Indemnity Company, above
named, has coruplled with the laws of
this State relating to insurance, anil )s
now fully empowered, through its author- .
lzed agents, to transact its . appropriate
business of Accident Insurance in this
State for the year ending January 31st,
1900. J. A. OSHAUGHNESSY.