Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIII.-NO. 129.
POPULISTS AT SIOVX FALLS MAY
>NOT NAME A VICE PRESIDEN
PAST MISTAKES 1 LESSOU
many si <;<;i:snoxs as to best
FOUCT TO FI'RSI'B ARE
BEING PUT KOHTH
ME. TOWNE A FAVORITE
Vote Taken on Train Is Significant
to Thnt Effect—Proposition to
Adjonrn to Kaunas City
SIOUX FALLS, S. D., May 8 —Ths In
crease of delegates and ihe approach to
the time of calling the national Populists
to order served to accentuate the differ
' ences of opinion among the delegates a^
to the polity to !»> pursued with referencs
to the nomination of a candidate for the
vice presidency. As time goes on it be
comes more and more evident that this Is
f . practically the only Question which the
convention will have to decide, and it is
occupying the attention alike of delegates
snd visitors so exclusively as to render
. the situation quite monotonous on that
account. There Is occasional reference
to the platform, and it Is understood ih.it
a few of the long-headed leaders have
I been drawing; up plans and suggesting
propositions for Incorporation in the dec
laration of principles; but, while this is
true, the great majority of persons in at
tendance are discussing the vice presiden
Most of the delegates In attendance held
confer) nces this afternoon, but none of
them which were not already decided
reached any definite conclusion. The
greatest difference of opinion among the
delegate* from states is shown in the Ne
trraska, Kansas, lowa and Missouri dele
gation?. Nebraska delegates feel that
they are in a peculiarly delicate position,
because they are especially anxious to
subserve the interests of Mr. Bryan. They
held two meetings during the day, but
failed to reach a conclusion, and will
meet again tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock
for further consultation as to what course
MR. BRYAN'S CHAMPION.
Si nator Allen, who may be considered
the leader of the delegation, as he Is
also the especial champion of Mr. Bryan,
r -Is exercising himself especially to secure
th«:t action which will most certainly le-
Bound to Bryan's benefit. A majority of
th<; delegates from Nebraska are appar
• pnlly favorable to the reference of the
whole, question to a committee of one
from each state, to be appointed to con
fer with the Democrats at Kansas City,
a.nd it Is believed that Senator Allen is In
accord with this sentiment. In his ex
hortations to the delegation he has dw It
daily upon the Importance of avoid
ing the complication which the nomina
tion of Mr. Watson for vice president
caused In ISWt, the inference being tr.at
h<» believes that any nomination at this
time would be liable to cause a s-imilar
complication in the coming campaign.
In this position Senator AU^n is sharp
ly antagonized by Senator Butter, of
North Carolina, and Senator Pettigrew, of
this state. It may be said, in fact, that
the United States senators who are pres
ent are leading conflicting opinions upon
this all-absorbing question, and It begins
to look as if they would carry their dif
ferences into the convention arena i self.
In case they do, the convention ereria
will by no means be a monotonous af
fair. Thomas M. Patterson, of the Ccl
orado delegation, is a zealous supporter of
the proposition to name a committee of
conference, and not to nominate, a vice
presidential candidate. He is an experl
v emed and tactful parliamentarian, and
' will bring much strength to that side of
the controversy in case It should bz open
ed up in the convention.
The Colorado delegation, numbering
thirty-eight members, held a meeting to
il:; y and unanimously decided to stand out
' for a conference committee.
MR. TOWNE'S CHANCES.
Senators Butler and Pottigrew are un
questionably exerting thfir utmost en
deavors in behalf of Mr. Towne, and whila
I _ they appreciate that there are still many
obstacles to overcome, they express them
selves in private conversation as very Con
fident of BUccess.
One Btraw showing the way the wind
blows is found in a vote which was taken
on the special train coming fiom Omaha
this morning. Two cars, containing six
ty-eight delegates, were canvassed, and,
of the sixty-eight votes cast, fifiy-eight
Were favorable to Towne. There Is, how
ever, among those who believe in the
Wisdom of nominating a candidate, som ?
opposition to Mr. Towne. There Is a cer
tain element, led by Gen. Weaver, of
lowa, which is adv..eating the nomination
L of a.straight Populist, while th«re are
others still who express the opinion th-it
If a candidate ether than a Popu'ist is to
be nominated, he should bs a man of
Democratic proclivities, so" as to male
cure of his indorsement by the Democrat
ic convention. In this connection some
of the Illinois delegates' have suggested
ex-Vice President Adlai E. Stevenson.
There is also present a gentleman from
New York who Is circulating very indus
triously among the delegates in the In
terest of Mr. Sulzer. He assures them
that Mr. Sulzer is In accord with many
of the Populistic views, and eloquently
pleads the cause of his champion. The
friends of Mr. Stevenson call attention to
the fact that he has not only once been
elected vice president, but that he has
also made a record as a greenbacker. Mr
Towne's supporters meet these arguments
by pointing to his record as a silver ad
vocate, and assert that he would make
a campaign equal to that of Bryan him
self. They are met on this point by the
argument that the Democrats would nev
er accept him as a nominee, because of
his Republican proclivities.
Still another proposition, which has
been made and is advocated by Delegates
Washburn and Brown, of Massachusetts
is that the convention should name sev
eral persons, any one of whom would be
acceptable to the People's party as a
Vice presidentiaJ candidate, and appoint
a committee to confer with the Democrats
as to which of them should be placed
upon the ticket. This proposition is ap
parently gaining favor, but is not yet as
strong as either the suggestion in Townee
behalf or the one to avoid any nomination
Some of the delegates, notably those
from Nebraska and Missouri, are ad
vancing the Idea that the convention as
• whole should adjourn imirediately af-
The St. Paul Globe
ter convening to meet in Kansas City
on the same day the Democratic and sil
ver Republican conventions are to assem
"lf we are to have a committee of con
ference," said a Missouri delegate, in
discussing the proposition, "why not have
the whole convention act in that capacity.
For my own part," he continued, "I can
see no reason for holding the convention
in advance of the Democratic "convention,
and having made a mistake in calling it
so early, I think the best way to correct
that error would be to transfer the entire
assembly to Kansas City, and have it
meet there with the other conventions
to be held there In Mr. Bryan's behalf."
He went on to say that he did not sup
pose the attendance of all the delegates
could be secured, but he felt sure that
many of them would go, and, he conclud
< \ that this was altogether the best way
1 settle the difficulty. It should prob
* ply be added that this suggestion Is not
generally accepted as one likely to be
carried into execution.
The delegates have not reached the
point of talking openly on the subject of
a vice presidential nomination, but there
is a growing feeling on this subject, and
Lnlesij a means is found of harmonizing
the sentiment before the vice presiden
tial nomination is reached, in the order
of business, there will almost certainly
be a very spirited fight over that point.
It is already apparent that the attend
ance at the convention will not be as
large as counted upon. The reduction of
rates by the railroads extended on the
East only as far as New York, and on
the West only to Montana, probably cut
ting off the attendance of many delegates
and visitors from the Pacific coast, and
also possibly some delegates from the
New England states. .A majority of the
states, it is said, will, however, be repre
sented by delegates, If not by visitors.
Chairman Butler expresses the opinion
that all the states and territories will ba
either wholly or partially represented,
except Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi,
Georgia, Florida, Vermont, New Hamp
shire and Rhode Island.
There will be probably some contest
over the position of national chairman.
State Chairman ISdminston, of Nebraska,
is an avowed candidate for the position,
and, apparently, has the support of Ne
braska's neighboring states lor it.
Senator Butler has not yet announced
whether he will be a candidate for re
The weather now makes favorable
promise for the opening of the conven
tion tomorrow. The skies are perfectly
clear, and there is apparently no danger
<xi. pt from wind. There has been a stiff
breeze blowing today, and it split two
sections of the huge tent in which the
convention is to be held. This incident,
of course, causes some apprehension as
to the result in case of a repetition of
today's weather after the assemblage of
Delegates from twenty-eight states and
territories, including one from Alaska,
are said to be here tonight,while delegates
from at. least five other states are ex
pected to arrive tomorrow. The states
and territories already represented are:
Alaska, California, Colorado, District of
Columbia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, lowa,
Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Mich
igan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Ne
braska, New Hampshire, New Jersey,
New Mexico, New York, North Carolina,
Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota,
Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyom
On tomorrow morning's trains the dele
gations from North Dakota, Minnesota,
Ohio, Oregon, Utah and Washington are
So far only seven states have full dele
gations present—Colorado, lowa, Kansas,
Montana, Nebraska and South Dakota
all states west of the Mississippi river.
From many of the states east of the
Mississippi only two or three delegates
are thus far on the ground, but these
hold proxies, and, it is said, that if the
delegations are not filled by new arrivals
the delegates present will be authorized
to vote for the full delegation.
MINNESOTA MAN CHAIRMAN.
The national committee met tonight
and, after a brief session, decided that
P. M. Klngde.ll, of Minnesota, should act
as temporary chairman of the convention;
R. E. Bray, o£ Oklahoma, an secretary,
and Eugene Smith, of Illinois, and Leo
Vincent, of Colorado, assistant secre
The. committee then went over the list
of state delegates which had been sub
mitted to Secretary Edgerton, of the na
tional committee, and raised in several
instances the number of delegates allow
ed. The most notable increase was Cal
ifornia, where ten additional delegates
were allowed. The total number of dele
gates in the convention was raised by
tonight's action of the committee from
960 to 1,000.
BIG DEMOCRATIC GAINS.
Significant Rewult* in Indiana Ma
TERRE HAUTE, Ind., May B.—Munici
pal elections were held In several towns
near this city yesterday, and reports show
At Caynga the Democrats elected mar
shal, clerk, treasurer and three-aldermen
by large majorities. The Republicans
elected one alderman by one majority.
At Knightsville the Democratic majori
ties ranged from 35 to 60. This shows a
Democratic gain of from 75 to 150.
At Carbon all Democrats won except
one, by increased majorities.
At Bowling Green the Republicans elect
ed their ticket over the citizens' t'eket.
At Newport the Republicans elected
ALL IN READINESS.
There Will Be NothiiiK lacking at
Democratic National Convention.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., May B.—Today
the last pound of steel to be used in re
constructing Convention hall arrived and
the members of the national Democratic
committee feel assured that everything
will be In readiness for the big
convention on the date set.
The awarding of contracts for the
printing of tickets and badges was left to
Committeeman Johnson and Secretary
Walsh, who will announce their decision
in Chicago early next week. The appor
tionment of tickets will also be arranged
The subcommittee adjourned this even
ing to meet in Kansas City on June 15,
and on that date Sergeant-at-Arms John
I. Martin will open his headquarters in
Kansas City. Secretary' Walsh will open
headquarters here June 18.
MR. BRYAN IN LINCOLN.
Has No Suseevtion for Sioux Falls
LINCOLN, Neb., May B.—W. J. Bryan
today returned to Lincoln for a stay of
two months, most of which time w}ll be
spent on his farm near this city. He
said this evening he had no comments to
make on the developments on the Sioux
Falls convention, and no suggestion as
to the vice presidential nomination.
DELEGATE FOR PUERTO RICO.
KaiiMis DemocrntK Will Resolve to
WICHITA, Kan., May B.—A resolution
will be offered at the Kansas Democratic
convention that Puerto Rico is entitled
to a delegate to the national convention
at Kansas City.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1900.
111 SI. 11
STREET RAILWAY STRIKE IN
THAT OITY ASSUMES ALARM
Mill PERSONS IKB ISJCRED
ATTEMPTS TO RUN CARS WITH
NON-UNION CREWS MET WITH
COMPAJTT REFUSES MEDIATION
ItuNliLt-wH Orgunixationii Meet and
Decide to Seek a Settlement
of the Trouble—Dcimhiklm
of the Strikers.
ST. LOUIS, May B.—ln accordance with
a resolution adopted by the employes of
the St. lx>uis Traction company, early
this morning, a strike was inaugurated on
the immense system at daybreak. No
cars were run except a few on the Park
avenue division. The first cars on this
division left the shed at 8 o'clock. The
crowds at the sheds did not attempt to
prevent the crews taking the cars out.
The cars were allowed to run unmolested
until 12:45, when car No. 5, on the Park
avenue division was badly wrecked be
tween Sixth and Seventh streets, a volley
of stones being thrown by men and boys.
The suburban line, many of the employes
of which had been on a strike for sev
eral days, was also tied up. Cars were
run as far east as Thirteenth street, but
when efforts were made to bring them
down, crowds of strikers and sympathiz
ers Interfered with the crews, and in some
instances dragged them off the cars.
From time to time during the afternoon
and night attempts were made to run th»
cars, but in nearly every case resulted
in attacks on the crews by the crowds,
practically stopping traffic.
At 12:45 o'clock a Park avenue car was
considerably damaged at Eighteenth and
Park avenue- A large crowd of boys corw
gregated there, and the car was stoned,
regardless of the fact that there were
several women passengers in it. The
crew stuck to the car, although stones
fell fast around it.
When the company found cars could not
be operated officials ordered them back
to the sheds. Numerous cars wore
stoned, and the men operating them
stoned by crowds along the routes. The
strikers declare they had no active part
in these hostile demonstrations.
Busses were pressed Into service for
the use of the crowds going to and from
Chairman Samuel W. Lee, of the na
tional board, the man who is conducting
the strike, said today that the union men
are satisfied with the result of the strike.
"We struck to tie up the system," be
said, "and we have succeeded. The com
pany does not defcire to settle with us.
We are ready at any time to do our part
towards settling the differences between
us and the company."
Mr. Lee said that the company had not
been able to get any now men. The strik
ers claim that about 5.400 men, which is
about 90 per cent of the transit company's
employes, are out.
STARTED A rcTOT.
One car on each of the lines converging
on Washington avenue were run out.
Four cars got out down town as far as
Sixth street, but only one went around
the loop. All were attacked by a mob
of men and boys on Washington, al
Fourth and Fifth streets, who threw
stick* and stones. Several windows were
broken and the motormen ond conductors
were injured by flying missiles. A riot
call was turned in at 8 o'clock, from the
coiner of Broadway and Washington, and
a wagon load of police turned out to keep
order, but their efforts were in vain.
At this point a moiorman was hit over
the head with a club which cut a gash
in his scalp. A piece of brickbat struck
him in the mouth, lacerating- his lip and
Us nose was gashed by a stone. The
motorman left his car and went into a
saloon for protection. Almost ct the same
time a young woman, about twenty
years of age, who was riding in the ear,
was stiuck on the head and baoly injured
by a stone thrown through the window.
The motorman finally succeeded in gel
ting his car away from the crowd.
An attempt was made at 8:30 o'clock to
take otu a car on the Olive street line.
The train was run out of the sheds at
Olive and Leonard avenue, and it got as
far as Compton avenue. Then a crowd
of trainmen took the train to pieces, and,
after taking the gripman and conductor
off, ran the cars back to the sheds.
INJURED BY POLICEMEN.
This afternoon two cars were sent east
from the Lindell line sheds at Taylor
and Finney avenues. These were the flrsi
to leave there during the day. In the
row about starting them J. F. Shillcy was
hit over the head with a revolver by on?
of the police officers and was badly cut.
Numerous arrests were made. When the
cars reached Finney and Newsted ave
nues a crowd of strikers gathered about
them and made threatening demonstra*
tions. The mounted police made a vigor
ous effort to drive the crowd away. In
the attempt Sergeant Hiekman struck a
man three times with his sabre, painfully
injuring him. The crowd broke all the
windows in the cars and otherwise dam
ageed them. After twenty minutes the
run down town was resumed. At Vande
venter and Finney avenues agents of the
company, fearing further trouble, order
ed that the cars be taken into a shed
A partll list of those injured in the va
rious encounters today follows:
Conductor Steve Sellers, Suburban line,
eye knocked out.
Joe Kohring, shot by Conductor McCl-1
lan at Thirteenth street and Washington
avenue, not serious.
John Caruth, motorman, Bellefontalne
line, struck in face with brick.
John Granath, driver, slightly hurt tn
The following arrests have been report
ed: Conductor George H. McClellan, for
shooting Joe Kohring; Nicholas Doyle,
Union line motorman, for rioting; Willis
Rickey, fourteen years, charged with
throwing stones; unknown man, refused
to give name; John Walsh, thirteen years,
stone throwing; Charles Sonne, fourteen
years; Frank Tule, eighteen years, stone
throwing; Henry Beck, McMahon,
James Kelly, John C. Crelghton.
A joint"meeting of the executive coun
cil of the Business Men's league and of
the board of directors of the Merchants'
exchange was called at the request of
members of both organizations as soon
as the gravity of the strike situation was
realized. The Justice of the demands on
either side was not discussed, but the
gravity of the crisis as affecting business,
and law and order, was considered. Pre-
liminary steps were taken with a view
of bringing matters to a termination, and
considerable power was given to the
chairmen of the meeting and to the presi
dents of the two controlling bodies rep
resented. It was decided to meet daily
if necessary, until the difficulty was ad-
Justed, and the joint meeting adjourneJ
As a result of the strike a numtxr of
the steam railroads today made prepara
tions to.carry persons living along their
lines. Trains on the Wabash will stop at
all stations between Union station and
Rosedale, west of Forpythe Junction. Iron
Mountain trains leave Fourth and Chau
teau avenue for the docks and for C.iron
delet^ Burlington trains stop at Washing
ton avenue, Mullaphy street^ North Mar
ket street, Bremen avenue and North St.
Louis, seven miles from Union station.
This will relieve to some extent the ter
ritory on three sides of the city.
Mayor Zeigenhein this afternoon sent a
letter to Edward S. Whitaker, president
of the St. Louis Transit company, urging
that the company meet its employes half
way and arbitrate their differences. Mr.
Whitaker declined the proffer.
WHAT THE MEN WANT.
The salient features of the men's de
mands which the Transit company re
fuses to grant are briefly as follows:
"That all conductors, motormen, grip
men and all employes in the sheds shall
be compelled to be members of the
union; that the officers of the union to
gether with the officers of the company,
shall mave full power to adjust all differ
ences that may arise, and that in the
event of their failing to agree, shall if
mutually agreed to, place the case be
fore three arbitrators; that any members
suspended by the union shall be sus
pended by the company without pay un
til such time as the union requests Irs
"That any nan elected to an offlr-e in
the union requiring his absence for not
more than a year, shall, upon his re
tirement from such office, have.his old
place with the company."
ONLOOKER FATALLY SHOT.
Tonight as a suburban car wtip crrssinq-
Taylor avenue a big crowd gather- d.
Some one in i; had pulled the trolley from
the wire, and this action so enraged a
passenger that he drew a revolver and
fired three shots into the crowd. Hurd
Gilberth, a barkeeper, an onlooker, re
ceived one of the bullets in the arm, and
another in the lung. Hp was taken to
the city hospital, where his wounds were
Detroit Truck Drivers Out.
DETROIT, May 8.-A strike whi<h
threatened to lead to a lockout of prac
tically all the truck drivers in the city
was begun today when the thirty-two
drivers employed by the Ferguson Cart
age company went out. The president of
the local Team Drivers' union announces
that the striking and locked out team
sters themselves have more than sixty
wagons and and teams arranged for, and
that they are ready themselves to keep
the local freight moving.
In < r«.s««. Pi ambers Win..
LA CROSSE, Wis., M.iy R -The new
scale of wages at 85 cen^s per hour, pre
sented last evening to thte master plumb
ers by the journeymen, was agreed to
but their demand for an eight-hour work
day with nine hours' pay, was not al
lowed. The new deal seems to give sat
isfaction to all concerned.
North wente<rn Men Bnck at Work.
CHICAGO, May,B.—Work on the North
western Elevated railroad, which was
suspended two weeks agr. because of a
strike, was resumed today. President
Louderbaeh announced tbat by June 1
trains would be running f>r the accom
modation of passengers.
Steel Trout Mill to Close.
TERRE HAUTE, Ina., May B.—Wor.l
has been received that one of the big
steel trust mills is to be closed down in
definitely on June 1.. This will affect
many men and other forces will be laid
off. The orders were received today.
FOUR KILLED \S WRECK
UNION PACIFIC TRAIN DASHES
THROUGH AN OPEft SWITCH.
, CHEYENNE, Wyo., May B.—One of the
worst wrecks which has occurred in Wy
oming in recent years took place on
O'Neill side tracks, sixteen miles west of
Rawlins, on the Union Pacific today,
when an east-bound fast freight, drawn
by two locomotives, dashed through an
open switch and down a high embank
ment. The dead are: Lewis Bate, fire
man, Rawlins; James Johnson, fireman,
Rawlins; two boys, aged about twenty
years, who were stealing a ride, names
unknown. The Injured are: Engineers
Frank Meyer and Andy Schilling; both
Engineers Meyer and Schilling jumped
from their engines before the end of the
siding was reached, and escaped with a
RAIN "FAilElTfir HELP
WISCONSIN FOREST FIRE'S STILL.
MARTNETTE, Wlp., May B.—The rain
last night was not heasy enough to ex
tinguish the forest fires, and they are
still raging all over this part of the
country. Snpt. Stephenson of the Boom
company, returned today from Norway,
Mich. He' says that everybody In the
woods there Is fighting fires, and the big
farm of the Menomlnee River Lumber
company was in great danger.
On account of the diense clouds of
smoke hanging over Green Bay naviga
tion is dangerous, and. fog whistles are
This city is envelope^ in smoke, and
the fires seem to be even worse now than
they were a few days ago. The N. Lud
ington company has had considerable
standing timber burned.
TO PROTECT BANKS.
Banker* and Cuttleauen'M Aswocla
tion In Formed.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., May B.—The Bank
ers and Cattlemen's Protective association
was organized today by Western bank.-?
that handle cattle paper. The officers are:
F. P. Neal, of Kansas City, president; P.
I. Bonebrake, of Topeka, vice president;
J. G. Stream, of Kansas City, secretary
and treasurer; Edward Carroll, of Leav
enworth, and J. E. Snyder, of St. Joseph,
are members of the executive board.
The association has employed L. C.
Boyle, former attorney general, of Kan
sas City, as its attorney. The ussocia ion
will make a concerted fight to convict
any cattleman accused of swindling a
member of the organization.
ON HIS OWN EVIDENCE.
'William Fergnnon Is Convicted of
Crime o't Jj^urdcr.
TRENTON, Mo., May B.— William Fer
guson was today founj^ giiiity of murder
ing S. G. Wilson, a 'Wenton merchant, in
March, 1897, on ■v:de^c<? he gave in a
former trial while playtog detective. This
was his third trial. PVevjously Ferguson
instigated the arrest of two suspects, ons
of whom, he claimed^ tried to get him
to assist in the murder. Later he said
he was present himself and saw the
death blow struck. Wilson was killed by
a blow from an ax. The motive was rob
SUFFERING IN HAFEKING HAS
ABOUT REACHED THE LIMIT
PIiICBED FACES OS IMEASE
RELIEF CQI,UMN IS NOW WITHIN
THIRTY MILES OF THE BE
RAPID ADVANCE OF BRITISH
It Maw Thrown Boer« Into Contusion.
and They Are Puzzled Which
Way to Turn-DlKpokltlon
LONDON, May 9.—Four thousand Brit
ish cavalry watered their horses, at Zanj
river Monday, twenty-five miles beyond
Srnaldeel, where Lord Roberts continues
to date his dispatches. The scouts who
have been searching the country for
miles along the stream have found no
Boers south of the river. The enemy
are laagered In unknown force on the
north branch. Thus the British advance
guard is within thirty-five miles of Kroon
stad. The Free Staters, in the expecta
tion that Kroonstad will speedily become
untenable, are, according to information
from Lourenzo Marques, preparing to
move their government to Heilbron t a lit
tle more than fifty miles northeast.
The proclamations of Lord Roberts
appear to have little effect upon the in
h.ibitants of the invaded districts. Every
farm Is found deserted except by the
women and children. All the men are
Correspondents with headquarters are
wiring freely concerning every incident
connected with the occupation of Smal
Some exasperation Is expressed at the
ease with which the Boers escaped with
their transports before the very eyes of
the British—for instance, when the Brit
ish entered Smaldtel, the Boer ox w;ig
ona were outspanned, only five miles
away, as if in contempt of the British to
overtake them. Lord Roberts Is describ
ed as "slightly unwilling to sacrifice his
horse for the sake of a slight comparative
The number that perish In spite of all
precautions is enormous.
Smaldeel was a small village with a
few houses, but it swelled in a short tim e
to a vast city of canvas, and the glare of
camp fires was like the reflection from an
iron smelting city. The city is likely to
float away a:* quickly as it came.
BUFFERING AT MAFEKING.
Mafeking is in a worse condition than
ever. Everywhere there is an empty j
stomach and pinched face. The natives i
■ire now not even given porridge, and the
whites fare little better. Disease is
spreading. Insufficient food, wet trenches
and cool nights are deadly to the British.
Lady Sarah Wilson, under date of April
"The Boers now number 4,500, Including
young Eloff, President Kruger's grand
son, who has sent for six more guns."
The Mo f clung correspondent of the
Times, who also emphasizes the gravity
of the situation, says:
"It is impossible to ignore the fatal sltf
nifioance of Col. Baden-Powell's reference j
to the hardships endured by the womi n
and children, among whom many deaths i
have already occurred. The eommlssariat
is holding a stock of foodstuffs in reserve
for use in direst extremity."
RELIEF COLUMN NEAR.
The British column Is reported to have
I reached Taungs. thirty miles north of ;
Wurrenton. According to Pretoria ad- I
vices the British are nearing Yryburg,
which is half way between Warrenton j
and Mafeking. Gen. Hunter is probsbly ;
now in personal command of thi;< relief
column. His force embrace 2^,000 infantry :
and 5,000 to 6,000 horsemen, an army far '
greater than has hitherto been sup- |
posed. Lord Methuen is apparently a
subordinate. While the relief column is
hurrying toward Vryburg, Gen. Hllyer is j
probably proceeding in an orderly ad
vance along the Vaal river to participate
in the Pretoria advance, as Lord Roberts'
The special correspondents learn that
an important move in Natal is expected j
within the next few days. Gen. Buller
is rapidly completing his transport.
In his speech to the vr.lksraad Kruger
reiterated his undiminished faith in the
cause of the republic. He said if lie
should be sent to St. Helena the struggle
would still go on.
A dispatch from Maseru, Basutoland,
"Lord Roberts' rapid advance has con
fused the Boers, who are holding the
roads between Wepener and Clocolan,
along which a continuous stream of wag
ens and cattle have been proceeding
northward for days. On Monday some
commandoes countermarched, and the
wagons got into an inextricabie mass,
the Boers not knowing which way to
DEATH SENTENCE COMMUTED.
Lord Roberts has commuted to penal
servitude for life the sentence of jeith
pronounced by the court-martial before
whom he was tried upon Lieut. Kenneth-
Murchison, of the artillery, who, on Nov.
20 last, killed Mr. Harstowe, correspond
ent of the Daily Chronicle at Mafeking.
The verdict of the court-martial was for
warded to Lord Roberts with a recom
mendation to mercy from Col. Baden-
Pbwell. Mr. Harstowe's death was at
first attributed to an accident, but it sub
sequently developed that he and Murchi
son had dined together, and while they
were strolling across the rarade, Marchi-
Fon drew his revolver and shot his com
BOER PEACE ENVOYS.
' The Standard, in an editorial expr ssin?
the opinion that the Boer peace del pa
tion would accomplish nothing in the
United States, says:
"Americans are not likely to go to any
dangerous lengths, or to commit th'ir ad
ministration to an unwarranted quarrel
with Great Britain. If Europe keeps her
hands of the New World, the arrange
ment is reciprocal, arid it is inconceivable
that the American people would engage
in such collossal folly as to interfere in
the case of the Boors."
TO ASSASSINATE ROBERTS.
The Standard hears that Information
has-been officially received of a pjot to
assassinate Lord Roberts, that the latter
has been warned, and that telegrams are
now passing between the Cape authori
ties. Lord Roberts and the home author
ities on the subject.
LORD ROBERTS' REPORT.
The war office has issued the following
PRICE TWO CENTS-jgrvyy;^
IMPORTANT NEWS OF THE DAY
Weather Forecast for St. Paul.
I—Slonx Palls Convention.
Rioting at St. LoniM.
British Still Advancing.
Nevr KnjLjine of Death.
a— Italian* in a How.
Republican I'rliiiui-it s.
Miil-ltoad Populiat I'laus.
1— Kfllloriiii Pnse.
St. Paul Social.
MiarUt-y Whip* < hoynak.l.
C-Sewi of Railroads.
7—Markets of the World.
Chicago July Wheat. H7 3-Bc.
Bair Silver, si> 7-.Hf.
S—Supreme Court Decisions.
Alligator for Coino.
dispatch from Lord Roberts, dateJ Smal
deel, May 8:
"Gen. Hutton, with mounted Infantry,
reoonnoitered yesterday to the >:.:nd river,
and found th<j enemy in considerable
force. <3en. Broadwocd's brigade of cav
alry, with Gen. Lan Hamilton's force, per
formed the same operation, with much
the same result.
"Gen. Hunter reports that ho occupied
Fourteen Streams yesterday wi;hout op
position, owing in great measure t, tlie
able dispositions made by Gen. Paget o-i
the left bank of the- Vaal river, at \V..r
renton, where his artillery fire rend r d
the enemy's position practically untena
ble. A six-inch gun was found most v e
ful. As the Sixth and half of the Fifth
brigades of Infantry advanced under cov
er of the artillery, the enemy retired pre
cipitately, abandoning their clothing, am
munition and personal effects."
BOEHS TO MAKE A STAND.
SMALDEEL, Orange River, IVlay ".—
Gen. Hutton's advanced camp of the ro'o
nlaJ regiments i* tonight settled at Lodge
legen (Welelgen?) Siding. According to re
ports, the Hi>ers Intended to make a \>\i
Ktand near the /.and river. The railroad
has been repaired to the south side of Vet
river and the engineers are busy making
a deviation across the bed.
NKW HRITIHH ('AMI 1.
WAHKKNTON, Cape Colony, May 7.-A
British camp is nuw being formed at
Fourteen Streams. The old railroad bridge
can be repaired In a week. A Boer pris
oner says the burghers, who numb r 10,
--000 men, are now on their way to t'hris
They A*>n» Baaeted In the SMWtoa
of the Traiisvnal \ <>1 U-ran-d.
PRBTORLa, May 7.—The ofliclal closing
of the. UN volk^raad, which broke up un
officially in Septernbi r last, took place
today. The vacant seats of Gen. Jouberc
and Gen. Decock and others were silled
with flowerf. The hall wa.s crowded, a
large number of ladles being present.
In the prayer or the chaplain, an allu
, si..ii to Gen. Joubfcrt moved many v> te^ra
| After the prayer, the ra.id Hd.journed t>>
the afternoon, when the scs.siou of WM)
was inaugurated. The ceremonies were
accompanied by th* oostomary saluto.
President Kruger arrived In the stale car
riage, with the usual escort. All tne .(lp
lomatß and foreign attaches, Including
Gen. Gourko, the Russ'an attache, were
present. President Krogtrr, in his speeoh
opening the seeaion, alluded feelingly to
the vacancies. Referring to Gen Joubert, I
"Future generntions will be able to I
judge the work of the deceased, who^e <Je- j
meanor lnsplrad the enemy with respect,
: and whose humane and bray* conduct
I gave fame and Importance to the state
among civlliz* d nations."
He was profoundly struck, he said by
the proof of sincere friendship giv^n by
the people of the Froo Stat.-. who h id i
fulfilled their obligations to the Transvaal !
under the treaty. They realized that a
united lront was required, as hu a ta k
' upon the Independence of the Transvaal
meant a threat again*t ,he Free Statf. ',
! ll<* had implicit confidence in the fu ur« !
|of lhe Afrikander nation. By deeds, the ,
I Free State had shown, tin | de
-1 clared, a good example to the , eoj le of
j the Transvaal, which bad proved of great ;
I moral value to those guiding the efforts
of a small state to maintain Its Independ
ence. He was pleased to say that the re
lations of the Transvaal wiih foreign
states, with the exception of Great Brit
ain, was good. Aft.r referring to the ;
! peace proposals of the presidents i f t> th
republics to Lord Salisbury, Pr^siden!
"We have-proved by legislation and ou • j
tie;.lings with Great Britain las. year tint.
! it was our desire to preserve p. ace, an 1 !
now that war has broken out, we will d .
everything to restore pea
Alluding to the deputation row (m a
mission to Europe and the I'nited St-ites. '
and the presence of so many attai h s
proving the Intense Interest of the [
fa the republics and to their methods of !
fighting, he said he was pleaded i
that the sympathy of th.- world was on
their side in the war; that ambul;
had been sent, and that their friends were
united in endeavoring to alleviate th<- dis- !
tress caused by the struggle.
After references to the alUjred viola
tions of the Red Cross convention and to
the consequent protests of foreign pow
ers, President Kruger continued:
"Notwithstanding the diffici.it circum
stances, I am glad to say that our finances
will enable us to bear the great expense
of the war, a.nd that the mines are
ROD OF CORRECTION.
It Ha« Fallen I non n Chicago Con-
KrreKiitionnl Tench* r.
CHICAGO, May R.—The rod of cor
rection has fallen on the back of Prof.
George Holly Gilbert, of the Chicago Con
gTegational Theological seminary. A
year's leave of absence with pay, and
with the understanding that he will write
another book which shall exculpate him
from the charge of teaching injurious
doctrine, is the penalty laid upon the
ultra-liberal instructor by the boarA of
directors of the seminary this afternoon.
MOi:iJ MIAN ITVE MILLION*.
Avt'fnl Showing; of Famine VlctlniH
LONDON, May 3—The secretary of
state for Ir.dia, Lord George Hamilton,
has received the following message from
the viceroy, Lord Carson of Kedltston:
"The conditions have materially improv
ed in Madras and Mysore, in conseQuenc*;
of the recent rains. In :ho remaining af
fected tracts the distress is increasing in
Intensity, owing to the want of fodder
and water and the increasing he-at. The
number of persons now in receipt of re
lief is 5,167,000."
Valentine Ha* v Chance.
BRECKENRIDGE. Minn., May B.—Val
entine is not willing to concede his defeat
as a candidate for the Republican nomi
nation for congressman in the Seventh
district. He says he will stay in the fight
until after the Moorhead convention.
MIL HE VEIN
STARTUXG FACTS PRESEXTED TO
THE SENATE IX A SPECIAL
Ml! REVOII'TIOH 1 WARFARE
AMERICAN NAVAL OKFKKK L\-
VEVTS A SHELL THAT (ITS
ARMOR LJKE WOOD
TESTS OF IT ARE MADE
Senate Will i oiisi.U r the I'urotuino
of Armor Plate for .\ew War-
HblpM Dehlnd CloMed
WASHINGTON, May 8.-Some fact*, al
most startling in their impoi tanee, were
laid before the senate today in secret <x
teutlve session at the conclusion of tha
regular open session. They related, it ig
understood, to the Invention <>f a shell by
a prominent ofheer of the United State;
navy—a shell superior in every esscntlkl
quality to any now In us.\ eitl er by this
or by any other goverr.mt nt. The qu illty
cf penetration possessed by the shell ij
said to be so great that no armor now
manufactured in the United Staf s or
abroad has sufficient resistance to with
The facts, which were in possession of
only a few senators, were deem d so im
portant that the senate decided to con
sider them in secret session. Today, aft
er the naval bill had bead laid aside for
the day, Mr. Tillman asked f.>r a ■
session, in order that he might explain to
.the senate why he desired the armor pTate
matter to be discussed in secret Whea
the doore were closed he explained that.
several days ago he bad offered a resolu
tion calling upon the secretary »t the
navy to send to the senate for its infor
mation details, of tc-sta made of armor
plate i>y the department uiii<iai» at ln
di.in Head. No answer ti that inquiry
had been received, and, in all human
probability, none would be received.
SECRET 1^ IMPATtTIon.
It seems Mr. Tillman railed at the navy
department, and was informed that it
would be unwise at this lime to maku
public details of tests ho h.-td asked f .
as it would place in the. bands, v- t only
of the senate, but of representatives <>r
foreign governments, of Information that
properly belonged to the United Btatej.
He was informed that Admiral O'Neill,
chief of the bureau of ordnance, hod b e:i
conducting a s«.-rh s «.1 t.st- at Indian
Hwad, the remits <>f which wen v< >
markable. Hi- sai<l testa of all s>'t< of
urmor, including BLrupp ..rin r, la.: .
made, with a view <>r discovering the r
effectiveness against a new ?k. 11, v.
iiad bf.en invented by an officer of the
navy. No BteOß of armor submit: tel to
the teat, it U uiid\-rstoo,i, was ab]
withstand the test.
r.iK'p; BULLETS IN WOOD
This shell, fire,i from htgh-prea ur;>
guns, pi m trated the armor almost aj bul
lets tired from a Krag-Jorgensen rttiu
would penetrate ordinary X c dif
ferent armor plates spll* at tin- point of
contact. It was said this wan true of
the Krupp armor as well as other armor
tested. The shell which wan «o affi
was not described Ind«e4, the navy de
partment is guarding Jealously all d
concerning its oonstructlon.
The argument of Mr. Tillman In t
with such a projectile, the details of
which would sooner or 1.-ifpr Become
known to the outside world, it woul I
be tlie part of wisdom for congr si to en
ter into contracts to purchase the hl«h
prioed armor, unless* it eruild bf so Im
prove<i as to resist projectiles of tli- kin 1
used at Indian He-id.
Feeling ihat more or les.< of the matter
concerning the tents recently made by the
government would be used in ibe <!<!a' •
upon the armor Question, Mr Tltfman
sugK^Htui tliat it would be desirabl- t>
consider the subject .
.The senate agreed vi b him, and to
morrow the armor plate will in- th- mat
ter discussed behind closed doors.
mr. PECK'a rioußica
The detailed statement senl to ti": sen
ate yesterday of the cost of the Paris <x
posjtion commission from thi date of i:a
organization to Dec. 31. 1899, shown that
tal amount paid for salaries was
. and for traveling expeni s 188,197. -
j There are a number of item« charged hi
! a lump, as, for Instance, furniture :»nd
' office Incidentals, $19,000; newspapers,
i press clippings, photograp ■ :ger
service! cab hire, express and fnKht
charge:-, $16,000; temporary c i
draftsmen, tiuj'l. The commisei< ne gen
: eral, Mr. Ferdinand W. Peek, haw ro
, ceived $ii,'<?.i as salary, and %'<,'"4 a« trav
| cling expenses, a total of ?H,7f>s.
CABINET DISCUSSES NEXLET.
The only matter of Interest which came
before today's cabinet meeting was the
alleged heavy shortage la th<- ;ur ounti
of Charles K. Neeley, forn nrei*
of the postoffice department of <'.bx.
Neeley has been arrested In Rochester, N.
V., and the question arose aa to wl ether
the T'nited States or Cub t was responsi
ble for the amount of defalcation. It
seemed to be the opinion of ;<l! the mem
bers present that, us Nee'ey w..b app i:• t
ed by the I'nlted State?, and that, in ad
ministering the affairs of the Island, thli
government is acting. In a sense, as a
trustee. It therefore is responsible f
shortage, and can pr Meel
ey's bondsmen for the amount lnv<
It was practically settled, too, ihit n> ■
would be taken back to Havana f r trial
before a civil tribunal. H is expected that
the prisoner's counsel will I I ■' ef
fort to return him to Havana, but It Is
the opinion of thr? attorney general that
It can and should be done.
TWO OF EIGHT DROWNED
BOAT LEAKED AND WAS FINALLY
.JACKSONVILLE, Fin., M I M
O. R. Tutt aid Mis. Kllsa Plcwerday w- r «
drowned in the St. John's river here la«t
night. With a party of eight they wera
crossing the river in a boat. Th < ra-ft
leaked badly, and finally turned over,
throwing all the occupants into the wa
ter.' Six were re* Bed.
VESUVIUS IN ERUPTION.
Greut VoU-aiio Wu Bayeetalljr Vlo
leut L«Mrt Mulit.
ROMTC May v beCB
In a statu of eruption for the UuK three
days and explosions within the crat«r
have thrown lava and m.> 'a to
a great height. I.aat light the eruption
was especially violent and was accom
panied by nit n.u ing rumblli.**.