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PLATKOUM COMMITTEE WAS XOT
PREPARED TO MAKE ITS
PARTY LEADERS CALLED UPON
Ovations Given Gov. Beekhain, of
Kentucky, ami Other Prominent
Democrats—Frequent Calls for
Senator Hill Were Heard.
CONVENTION HALL, July s.—Conven
tion hall was again besieged today by
eager and excited thousands, and long
before the time set for opening the sec
ond day a proceedings of the convention
all of the streets approaching the build
ing were solidly massed with humanity,
moving forward to the many entrances.
Expectancy was at a high pitch, as it
■was universally felt that the day had
in the great events of the conven
tion. By 10 o'clock, thirty minutes before
opening:, nearly every seat In the galleries
was occupied, but delegates were much
more deliberate and came in slowly. The
word had gotten abroad that there would
be a light on the floor over the adoption
of the platform, and, anticipating- a sts-
Blon which would be long and hard after
It had once btgun, they preferred to come
on at the lust minute, that their stay in
the crowded hall might be made no longer
The crowd was anxious to see Senator
Hill, ami on two occasions when a bald
headed man came through the door lead
ing to the delegates' seats they set up
the cry of "Hill," which had proved fo
sensational a feature at both sessions yes
terday. The senator, however, was one
of the last of the New York delegation to
Police arrangements of the hall were a
decided improvement over those that
characterized the opening of the conven
tion yesterday. During the sessions on
Wednesday dense crowds of spectators
were allowed to congregate in front of
the speaki r's stand, in front of the press
seats and up and down the aisles. These
were at times so densely packed that it
Was impossible to pass through them.
These people were largely responsible for
the confusion that made it impossible
during (he greater part of the session yes
terday for the voice of any man to be
heard ten feeet from the rostrum. To
day a swarm of the local police was on
hand, and tlu?y started in well by prompt
ly hustling down the passageways all
persons who were not decorated with the
proper credentials in the shape of badges.
Once the delegates began to put in an
appearance they came in streams, and
the space reserved for them filled up
Quickly. At 10:30, the time set for the
New York, Said to Be Hill's Candidate.
opening of the convention, two-thirds of
them were seated, and the remainder
were in the hall or crowding through the
The number of handsomely gowned |
■women around the speaker's stand was I
even greater than yesterday, and, with j
bright-colored dresses, ribbons and flut
tering fans, they formed a charming
background for the high officials cf the
party who occupied seats directly in front i
The old familiar tunes played by the
bands in the galleries brought forth the
usual yells of the crowd. As usual "Dix
ie" and "A Hot Time" were played re
peatedly and cheered enthusiastically.
The arrival of Richard Croker called
forth a few cheers from the gallery, anil,
as usual, when a Tammany man shows
up, there was the cry of "Hill," just to
remind him that "there were others."
The audience began to manifest rlgn3
of Impatience as the chairman called the
convention to order. The hum of the
multitudes increased to a dull roar. The
aisles were Jammed, and the area in
front of the platform was choked with a
shuffling mass of delegates, officials and
subordinates. Many of the well known |
leaders went to the platform to confer i
on the status of convention business, |
White, of California; Slay ton, of Texas;
Cable, of Illinois, and McCreary, of Ken
tucky. The band labored incessantly to j
offset the confusion, and the melody of I
patriotic airs served to keep the crowd
In good humor and maintain the patriotic
fervor. When the Tcxans raised to the
top of their standard the huge horns of
a Texas steer, surmounted by the legend,
"Texas gives 200,000 majority," there was
a roof-cracking shout and an enthusias
tic tribute to Texas Democracy.
Gov. Beckham, cf Kentucky, was given
on enthusiastic reception as he came in,
a large number of delegates crowding
around him to shake him by the hand.
At 11 o'clock the slender figure of Chair
man Richardson loomed up above the
platform assemblage. He swung the
gavel, and nbove the din faintly could
bo hoard his calls for order. Slowly
quiet was brought out of the confusion,
cml the chairman presented Rt. Rev.
John J. Glennan for the opening invoca
tion, the entire audience, delegates and
spectators standing reverently with
bov.ed heads, while the words of the
prayer echoed through the building.
PLEA FOR ORDER.
With the conclusion of the prayer,
Chairman Richardson made an earnest
appeal to the delegates and spectators
to preserve order, so that the work of
the convention might progress with un
due interruption. Sergeant-at-Arms Mar
tin addod anofh?r appeal, particularly to
members not to bring their wives on the
floor reserved for delegates, us it kept a
lot of delegates from seats to which they
Mr. Richardson now announced that
the platform committee was not ready
to report, and, pending word from them,
h<- invited to the platform ex-Gov. Hogg,
of Texas, to address the convention. The
Texan advanced to the front and was
greeted enthusiastically. He was in good
voice and his words reverberated through
the hall. When he declared that the
party did not propose to surrender one
lota of its attitude in 1896, as promul
gated by the Chicago convention, there
was round after round of cheers. But
this broke into a whilwind of approving
shouts when the governor asserted that
the party's platform must contain an un.
equivocal and specific declaration for 16
to 1. It was noticeable that the dele
gates joined with the body of spectators
in the- tribute to the 16 to 1 idea, Gov.
Hogg arraigned the action of the present
administration in the Philippines and on
foreign affairs generally—its subserviency
to trusts. He closed with a prediction
that a platform appealing to the people
for a correction of the existing evils
would biing victory In November.
CALLS FOR HILL.
At the termination of Gov. Hogg's ad
dress, Chairman Richardson stepped for
ward to say a few words to Sergeant-at-
Arms Martin, and the crowd took ad
vantage of the opportunity to start the
cry of "Hill." It came from all quarters
of the galleries, but practically little of
it from the delegates. Mingled with the
calls were hisses. Chairman Richardson
wielded his gavel vigorously, and when
order was restored in some degree, an
nounced: "Gentlemen: I have the honor
to Introduce to you Hon. A. M. Dockery,
Missouri's favorite son."
Mr. Dockery was warmly received, and
his prompt attack upon the conduct of the
Republican administration for its man
agement of the Philippine question was
greeted with the usual demonstrations of
applause. His assurances that Bryan
would be the next president of the United
States and his condemnation of another
alliance between this country and Eng
land, received the same enthusiastic re
ception and cries of "Hurrah for Doc-k
--ery'" from the Missouri delegation. His
appeal for harmony "along the fundamen
tal principles" met with a cheer, and when
a minute later, he said: "Gentlemen, get
THE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM.
We, representatives of the Democratic
party of the United States, assembled
in national convention on the annivers
ary of the adoption of the Declaration
of Independence, do reaffirm our faith
in that immortal proclamation of the
individual rights of man, and our al
legiance to the constitution framed in
harmony therewith by the fathers of
the republic. We hold with the United
States supreme court that the Declara
tion »f Independence is the spirit of our
government, of which the constitution Is
the form and letter.
We declare again that all governments
instituted among men derive their just
powers from the consent of the gov
erned; that any government not based
upon the consent of the governed Is a
tyranny; and that to impose upon any
people a government of force is to sub
stitute the methods of imperialism for
those of a republic.
We hold that the constitution follows
the flag and denounce the doctrine that
an executive or congress deriving their
existence and their powers from tha
constitution can exercise lawful author
ity beyond it or in violation of it.
We assert that no nation can long en
dure half republic and half empire and
we warn the American people that Im
perialism abroad will lead quickly and
inevitably to despotism at home. Be
lieving in these fundamental principles,
Denounce Porto Rico Law.
We denounce the Porto Rico law, en
acted by a Republican congress against
the protest and opposition of Demo
cratic minority as a bold and open vio
lation of the nation's organic law and
flagrant breach of national good faith.
It imposes upon the people of Porto
Rico a government without their con
sent and taxation without representa
tion. It dishonors the American people by
repudiating the American pledge made
in their behalf by the commanding gen
eral of our army which the Porto
Ricans welcomed to a peaceful and un
resisted occupation of their land. It
doomed to poverty and distress a people
whose helplessness appeals with pe
culiar force to our justice and magna
nimity. In this, the first act of its im
p-.riaiii-tic progress, the Republican Party
seeks to commit the United States to a
colonial* policy, not consistent with re
publican institutions and condemned by
the supreme court in numerous decis
We demand the prompt and honest
fulfillment of our pledge to the Cuban
people and the world that the United
States has no disposition nor intention
to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or
control over the island of Cuba except
for its pacification. The war ended
nearly two years ago, profound peace
reigns over all the island, and still the
administration keeps the government of
the Island from its people, while Re
publican carpet bag officials plunder its
revenues and exploit the colonial theory
to the disgrace of the American peo
Denounce Philippine Policy.
We condemn and denounce the Phil
ippine policy of the present administra
tion. It has involved the republic in
unnecessary war, sacrificed the lives of
many of our noblest sons, and placed
the United States, previously known
and applauded throughout the world as
the champion of freedom, In the false
and un-American position of crushing
with military force the efforts of our
former allies to achieve liberty and
self-government. The Filipinos cannot
onto the platform whatever It may be,"
a yell went up chiefly from the silver del
"Talk this way a little," shouted a
"I can't talk every way," replied the
"Then talk this way a little," shouted
The first mention of Dewey's name since
the opening of the convention was made
by Doekery while discussing the Philip
pine question, but the name of the famous
admiral was received without a ripple of
applause. He closed his remarks with the
assurance of Democratic success, and the
celebration of the centennial of Jefferson
on next November.
At the conclusion of the speech of Mr.
Docket y Mayor D. S. Rose, of Milwaukee,
was called to the platform to address the
convention. He made a fine impression
instantly. Attired in a black suit and
standing easily and speaking fluently, he
soon stirred the audience. His voice was
clear and ringing- and penetrated to the
uttermost parts of the hall. Speaking for
Wisconsin, he said that although it had
given a majority against Mr. Bryan in
'96. it could be brought this year into the
Democratic column by a proper platform
and a suitable running mate for Mr.
Bryan. He said the Democracy of the
United States was in the saddle" to fight
for the principles enunciated by Thomas
Jeffer?on, who in the present day was
personified by William J. Bryan.
GERMAN VOTERS. '
Mayor Rose made a strong appeal to
the convention to remember the great
army of German voters throughout the
United States. Those voters, he declared,
held the balance of power between the
Democratic and Republican parties.
"We beiieve that we can secure their
THE ST. PAUL UL,OBE, FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1900.
co-operation," he said, with earnestness,
"and this convention ought to hold out to
(hem every inducement to stand by us."-
The fight of the approaching campaign
was to be made, he maintained, east of
the Mississippi river, and north of the
Ohio, and he warned the convention that
unless the Democratic party could carry
some of those states, victory was scarcely
p-ossible. This statement was received
with cheers from not only the audience,
but the delegates.
"Hill! Hill!" came the cries again, as
Mr. Rose concluded, but the New York
er was not present and the hands broke
out with the "Star-Spangled Banner."
The patriotic strains had no sooner sub
sided than another "Hill" wave passed
over the assemblage, even delegates
going with the spectators, while some of
the New Yorkers sought to offset the de
mand by shouting for "Grady." Again
the band came to the rescue, and the
hurrahs for Hill gave way to "Dixie."
At every pause, however, the Hill shout
ers clamored for their favorite.
Both Chairman Richardson and Ser
geant-at-Arms Martin moved up and down
the front of the platform, gesticulating
wildly and making pantomime appeals
for order. When the Hill demonstration
had calmed the chairman introduced J. E.
McCullogh, of Indianapolis, for another
speech on current public questions. He
paid only a few words. The audienc;.
perceiving Fred Williams on the stand
fit a whispered conference with the chair
man, called wildly for the young leader
from the Bay state, while another element
continued the demand for Hill. W rhon
quiet was partially secured the chair rec
ognized Mr. Williams, who submitted a
"That a committee cf nine delegates be
appointed by the chair for the purpose of
conferring with the Silver Republican and
Populist parties, now gathered in Kan
Shouts of "No," "No," followed the
reading, but the resolution was put to a
vote, and, amid much confusion on the
lioor, was declared adopted.
Congressman James Williams, of Illi
nois, was then Introduced by Chairman
Richardson. He opened by an appeal to
all Democrats to stand together on the
platform, which, he declared, would be
be citizens without endangering our
civilization; they cannot be subjects
without imperiling our form of govern
ment, and as we are not willing to sur
render our civilization or to convert the
republic into an empire we favor an
Immediate declaration of the nation's
purpose to give to the Filipinos, fir.st, a
stable form of government; second, in
dependence, and third, protection from
outside interference, such as has been
given for nearly a century to the re
publics of Central and South America.
The greedy commercialism which dic
tated the Philippine policy of the Re
publican administration attempts to
justify it with the plea that it will pay,
but even this sordid and unworthy
plea fails when brought to the test of
facts. The war of criminal aggression
against the Filipinos, entailing an an
nual expense of many millions, has al
ready cost more than any possible
prolit that could accrue from the en
tire Philippine trade for years to come.
Furthermore, when trade is extended
at the expense of liberty, the price is
always too high.
We are not opposed to territorial ex
pansion when it takes in desirable ter
ritory which can be erected into states
in the Union, whose people are willing
and fit to become American citizens.
Favor Trade Expansion.
Trade expansion by every peaceful
and legitimate means, but we are un
alterably opposed to the seizing or pur
chasing of distant islands to be gov
erned outside the constitution, and
whose people can never become citi
We are In favor of extending the re
public's influence among the nations,
but believe that influence should be
extended, not by force and violence,
but through the pursuasive power of
high and honorable example. The im
portance of other questions pending be
fore the American people is in nowise
diminished, and the Democratic party
takes no backward step from its posi
tion on them, but the burning issue of
imperialism growing out of the Spanish
war involves the very existence of the
republic and the destruction of our
free institutions. We regard it as the
paramount issue of the campaign.
The declaration in the Republican
platform adopted at the Philadelphia
convention held in June, 1900, that the
Republican party "Steadfastly adheres
to the policy announced in the Monroe
doctrine" is manifestly insincere and
deceptive. This profession is contra
dicted, by the avowed policy of that
party in opposition to the spirit of th<?
Monroe doctrine to acquire and hQlfl
sovereignty over large areas of terri
tory and large numbers of people in the
We insist on the strict maintenance
of the Monroe doctrine and in all Us
integrity, both in letter and in spirit, as
necessary to prevent the extension of
European authority on this continent,
and as essential to our supremacy in
American affairs. the same time we
declare that no American people shall
ever be held by force in unwilling sub
jection to European authority.
No Militarism Wanted.
We oppose militarism. It means con
quest abroad and intimidation and op
pression at home. It means the strong
arm which has ever been fatal to free
Institutions. It Is what millions of our
citizens have fled from in Europe, it
will impose upon our peace-loving peo-
bi-oad enough to hold them all. He spoke
briefly, and was frequently applauded.
OVATION TO BECKHAM.
As Mr. Williams took his seat Chairman
Richardson announced, "We will now be
addressed by Gov. J. W. Beckham, of
Instantly there was a roar of applause,
and delegates and spectators springing
upon their chairs to get a better view cf
the young governor of Kentucky, wavej
their hats and handkerchiefs frantically.
The greeting was a fitting counterpart
to the reception given to Gov. Taylor, of
Kentucky, in Philadelphia, When Gov.
P-eckham reached the stand, where all
could see him, he was given a reception as
enthusiastic as any extended by- the dele
gates to any speaker who has thus far
addressed the convention. The galleries
did not respond with the same hearti
The young governor of Kentucky is a
man of five feet nine or ten, slender and
clean shaven. He was dressed in a mod
est sack suit of" dark serge, and spoke
slowly and with deliberation, evidently
vcighing his words carefully. His first
assertion that, in his opinion, the enthu
siastic reception extended to him was duo
not to him personally, but to "the out
raged Democracy" of his state, called
forth another roar of applause, which
was. equaled a moment later when he
promised that Kentucky would be car
ried safely for the Democratic party.
His remark that of late there had been
considerable exodus of criminals from his
state evoked laughter and applause and
a few cries of "Traitor." "We have had
such a dose of Republican rule 1 said the
speaker, "that Kentucky is prepared to
accept any platform which the Democrat
ic party will present. No matter what
the platform may be, Kentucky will stand
upon it, and win through its principles."
He turned to leave the stand, and was
met with loud cries of "Go on," but the
young governor only bowed, and left the
After the cheers with which Gov. Beck
ham's speech was received had subsided,
one of the delegates in front started the
tuivefu^ old eong, "My Old Kentucky
Home," and one verse of it was sung
with vigor, the singing being- followed by
great cheering as the young governor re
eumed his seat.
Chairman Richardson, at the conclusion
of^ the demonstration, introduced Hon. J.
W. Miles, of Maryland, who addressed
the convention in support of conservative
action upon the platform. While the ru
ral Democracy of his state, he said,
would stand by that great tribune of the
people, Bryan, he begged the convention
to take no action that would imperil the
chances for the victory of Mr. Bryan.
His heart was beating, he said, in time
with every principle of the Chicago plat
form, but he felt that the friends of Bry
an, as Senator John W. Daniels, of Vir
ginia, whose fealty was beyond Question,
ought to be listened to by those who have
any desire of carrying such states as New
York, Indiana, Illinois and West Vir
"In the name of God," he shouted
warmly, "if the men in these states who
stood by Bryan in '96 are not his friends,
where are his friends to be found?"
As Mr. Miles concluded, Chairman Rich
ardson announced that he had been in
formed the platform committee would ba
ready to report at 3:30. Thereupon a
motion was agreed to to adjourn until
that hour, and the vast audience filed out
of the building amid enthusiastic shouts
for the favorite leaders and the enliven
ing music of the orchestra.
KANSAS CITY, July 4.—The following
are members of the new national commit
Alabama—H. D. Clayton.
Arkansas—James P. Clarke.
California—M. E. Tarpe.
Connectfcut—Homer S. Cummingg.
Delaware—R. R. Kennedy.
Florida—George P. Raney.
Idaho—W. D> Wolfe.
ple a large standing army and unneces
sary burden of taxation and a constant
menace to their liberties. A small stand-
Ing army and a well disciplined state
militia are amply sufficient in time of
peace. This republic has no place for a
vast military service and conscription.
When the nation is in danger the vol
unteer soldier is his country's best de
fender. The National Guard of the Unit
ed States should ever be cnerished in
the patriotic heart of a free peopie.
Such organizations are ever an element
of strength and safety.
For the first time in our history and
co-evil with the Philippine conquest has
there been a wholesale departure from
our time-honored and approved system
of volunteer organization. We' oe
nounce it as un-American, un-demo
"cratlc and un-republican and as a sub
version of ancient principles of a free
Private, monopolies are indefensible
and intolerable. They destroy competi
tion, control the price of all material
and of the finished product, thus rob
bing both producer and consumer. They
lessen the employment of labor and ar
bitrarily fix terms, and conditions
thereof, and deprive individual energy
and small capital of their opportunity
for betterment. They are the most ef
ficient means yet devised for appro
priating the fruits of industry to ihe
benefit of the few at expense of the
many, and unless their insatiate greed
Is checked all wealth will be aggregated
in a few hands and the republic de
stroyed. The dishonest paltering with
the trust evil by the Republican^ party
In state and national platforms is con
clusive proof of the truth of the chares
that trusts are the legitimate product
of Republican policies; that they are
fostered by Republican laws, and that
they are protected by the Republican
administration in return for campaign
subscriptions and political support.
Will Fi K ht Private Monopoly.
We pledge.' the Democratic party to
an unceusiner warfare in nation, state
and city : against private monopoly in
every form. Existing laws against
trusts miiat be inforced and more strin
f^ °^, + mUSt be enacted Providing
for publicity as to the affairs of corpora*
tions engaged In interstate commerce
and requiring all corporations to show
before doing business outside of the
state of their origin, that they have no
water in their stock, and that they
have not attempted, and are not at
tempting, tp monopolize any branch of
business or,.the production of any ar
ticles of merchandise; and the whole
constitutional power ofcconges«r e s« over
Interstate commerce, the mails and all
modes of. interstate communication B hail
be exerqisect by the enactment of com
prehensive laws upon the subject of
trusts. Tariff laws should be amend
ed by putting the products of trusts
upon the free list to prevent monopoly
under the plea of protection.
The-failure of the present Republican
administration, with an absolute con
trol over all the branches of-the nation,
al government, to enact any legislation
designed to prevent or even curtail the
absorbing power of trusts and illegal
combinations, or to enforce the anti
trust laws already on the statute books
prove the insincerity of the high sound
ing • phrases of the Republican plat
Corporations should be protected in all
their rights and their legitimate inter
ests should be respected, but any at-
lowa—Charles A, Walsh.
Indiana—Thomas F Taggart.
Kansas—J. G. Johnson.
Louisiana-N. C. Blanchard.
Maine —Arthur Seweil
Maryland—A. P. Gorman.
Massaehusetls-George Fred Williams.
Michiga4j-*.D. J- Camp.
Minnesqta^Thomas B. O'Brien,
Mississfijpi-A. J. Russell.
Missoun^-vv. J. Stone.
MontariW—John S. McNeill
Nebraska-^James C. Dahlman
Nevadar-JflsepTi R. Ryan.
New Hampshire—True L. Norria.
New Jersey—William B. Corlay.
New Yj>rkf-,Norman E. Mack.
North Carolina—Joseph Daniels.
Ohio—Jphu R. McLean.
Pennsylvania—J. M. Cuffey
Rhode 'Iffla-nd—George W. 'Green
South Carolina—Benjamin R. Tillman.
South Dokfcta—Maris Taylor.
Tennespee^J. M. Head.
Texas—R. M. Johnson.
Utah—R. C.. Dunbar.
Verrnoftt—'J 1. H. Zeuter.
Virginian-Peter J. Otey.
Washifigto^—William H. Dunphy.
West Virgin. a—John T. McGraw.
WiscorteTir^-Timothy E. Ryan.
Wyoming—J. F. Osborn.
Alaska—Louis L. William,-.
Arizona—John B. Breathitt.
District of Columbia—Contest.
Hawaii—W. H. Coswell.
National Educational Association,
Charleston, S. C, Joly 7-13, 1900.
For this g:eat annual gathering of our
nation's educators tne Chicago Great
Western Ry. will on July 2-8 sell round
trip excursion tickets to Charleston, S. C,
good going July 10th and good to return
up to and including Sept. 1, 1900. Round
trip rates one fare plus $2.00 for member
ship! For further information inquire
of J. P. Elmer, Q. A. P. D., corner
Fifth and Robert streets, 3t. Paul.
HARD BATTLE FOIGHT IN THE
COMMITTEE ON RESO
BOWED TO WILL OF MAJOEITY
Finally Decided That No Minority
Report Sbonld Be Presented to
the Convention— Detailed
Vote Upon the Planka.
KANSAS CITY, July 5.-The committee
on resolutions, after an all night battle,
decided for an explicit declaration for
silver coinage at a ratio of 16 to 1. The
vote stood 26 in favor of a specific 16 to
1 declaration, to 24 against it.
The fight on the silver plank was bit
ter and the result close.
The fight against the proposition was
led by Mayor Harrison, of Chicago, and
Mayor Van Wyck, of New York. Senator
Daniel, of Virginia, also vigorously op
posed the specific silver plank.
Senator Blackburn, of Kentucky, was
one of the leaders favoring the 16 to 1
The vote stood as follows on a resolu
tion to substitute a 16 to 1 declaration for
a simple reaffirmation of the Chicago
Yeas—Alabama Arkansa?, Colorado
Delaware, Idaho, lowa, Kansas'
Kentucky. Maine, Massachusetts'
Misosurl. Nebraska, Nevada New
Hampshire, North Dakota, Oregon,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Ver
mont, "Washington, Wyoming-, Ari
zona, Oklah^na, Indian Territory,
>>ew Mexico, Hawaii—26.
Nays—California, Connecticut, Flor
ida Georgia. Illinois, Indiana,
Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan
tempt by corporations to interfere with
the public affairs should be forbidden
under such penalties as will make such
We condemn the Dingley tariff law as
a trust-breeding measure skillfully de
vised to give the few favors which they
do not deceive and to place the upon the
many burdens which they should not
"We favor such an enlargement of
the scope of the interstate commerce
law as will enable the commission to
protect individuals and communities
from discriminations and the public
from unjust and unfair transportation
rates. ' ,
Kenlnrm ( lilon^o Platform.
We reaffirm and indorse the principle
of the national Democratic platform at
Chicago in 1896 and we reiterate the
demand of that platform for an Ameri
can financial system made by the
American people for themselves, which
shall restore and maintain a bimetallio
price level and as part of such sys
tem the immediate restoration of free
and unlimited coinage of silver and
gold at the present legal ratio of 16 to
1 without waiting for the aid or consent
of any other nation.
We denounce the currency bill enacted
at the last session of congress as a stop
forward In the Republican policy which
aims to discredit the sovereignty of tha
national government to issue all mon
ey, whether coin or paper, and to be
stow upon national banks the power
to issue and control the volume of pa
per money for thc-lr own benefit. A per
manent national bank currency, secured
by g-overnment bonds, must have a
permanent debt to rost upon, and If the
bank currency is to increase with popu
lation and business, the debt must also
increase. The Republican currency
scheme is therefore a scheme to fast
en upon the taxpayers a perpetual and
growing debt for the benefit of the
banks. We are opposed to this private
corporation paper circulated as mon-ey.
but without legal tender qualities, arid
demand the retirement of the national
bank notes as fast as government pi
per or silver certificates can be sub
stituted for therm.
We favor an amendment to the fed
eral constitution providing- for the flec
tion of United States senators by direct
vote of the people, and we favor di
rect legislation wherever practicable.
Xo Government l>y Injunction.
We are opposed to government by in
junction, we denounce the blacklist, ana
favor arbitration as a means of settling
disputes between corporations and their
In the interest of American labor and
the uplifting of the working-men as th-3
corner stone of the prosperity of our
country, we recommend that congress
create a labor department. In charge r.f
a secretary with a seat in the cabinet,
believing that the elevation of the Amer
ican laborer will bring with it increased
production and Increased prosperity to
our country at home and to our com
We are proud of the courage and fidel
ity of the American soldiers and sail
ors in all our wars: we favor liberal
pensions to them and their families, and
we reiterate the position taken in the
Chicago platform in ISS6 that the fa t ..f
the enlistment and service shall be
deemed conclusive evidence against dis
ease and disability before enlistment.
We favor the immediate construction,
ownership and control of the Nicarag-
Minnesota, Miastsppl, Ntw Jcsov
New York, North Carolina, Ohio
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island South
Dakota. Texas, Utah, Virgin:a,
West Virginia. Wisconsin, Alaska
The plank agreed upon is as fol
"We reiterate the demand of tho
platform of 18% for and American
financial system, made by the Amer
ican people for themselves, which
shall restore and maintain a bi
metallic price levei; and ns part of
such system the immediate restora
tion of the free and unlimited coin
age of silver and gold at the pres
ent legal ratio of 1G to 1, without
waiting for the aid or consent of any
The committee on platform did not re
convene^ today until 11 o'clock. They
had adjourned at 4 o'clock with the in
tention of getting tog-ether at 10, but the
all-night vigil proved quite trying for
some of the members of the committee
and they were slow in collecting.
OPPONENTS WORKED HARD.
The time previous to the formal meet
ing was utilized by most leaders in last
night's fight against the 16 to 1 move
ment, in an effort to reach a decision
as to whether a majority report should
be presented. There w«re several con
ferences, in which Mr. St. C'lair, of West
Virginia; Senator Monroe, oi Mississippi,
and Mr. Daley, of New Jersey, were the
principal participants. Theso three mem
bers were at first quite disposed to in
sist upon the formal presentation of the
views of the minority, but as one vote
after another which had voted last night
against 16 to 1 announced its decision not
to carry the matter Into the convention,
their determination weakened, and they
ultimately decided to drop the matter.
This they did not do, however, without
Mr. Daley said that he was instructed
by his delegation against any concur
rence In the report of the majority and
that whether a minority report were pre
sented or not he would not sign the re
port for 16 to L
Senator Money presented a tabulated
statement showing that the votes cast
for the ratio represented only 171 out of SW
votes in the convention. He said, how
ever, that his state had given him free
rein to act as he might think wisest.
New York decided early in the morn
ing not to unite in any minority presen
tation, and this decision had a strong
influence upon determining the decision
to avoid a presentation of the minority
Hon. George Fred Williams, one
of the most prominent contestants, gives
the credit for the turning of the tide
to Committeeman Freeks, of North Da
kota, who came over to the ratio view
at the last moment.
The sub-committee gave a brief hear
ing today to Mrs. Catt, president of the
Equal Suffrage association, in favor of a
plank recommending an amendment to
the constitution forbidding disfranchise
ment of citizens on account of sex.
PLATFORM DRAFT PRESENTED.
When the full committee convened at'
11 o'clock the sub-committee presented a
complete draft of the platform as tenta
tively agreed upon last night. While
there was no criticism of the work of
the sub-committee or of the general sen
timent of the various planks, several of
the members manifested a disposition to
make changes in the phraseology, and
also in the order of presenting the various
subjects to be embodied in the declara
tion of principles.
The members who had led the fight
against a 16 to 1 explicit declaration as
of superior importance attaching to
other than the financial Issue, and the
silver men, decided to make this issue.
In accordance with the decision, the place
of front rank was given to the subject
of imperialism and to questions growing
out of the Bpanish war. These subjects,
van canal by Che United States, and we
denounce the insincerity of the plank In
the national Republican platform for an
Isthmian canal, in face of tha failure
of the Republican majority to pass the
bill pending in congress.
We condemn the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty as a surrender of American
rights and interests, not to be tolerated
by the American people.
Unredeemed Republican l'i<-«li*<s.
We denounce the failure of the Re
publican party to carry out its pledges
to grant statehood to the territories <>t
Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma,
and wo promise the people of those ter
ritories Immediate statehood and home
rule during their condition as terri
tories, and we favor home rule and a
territorial form of government fur
Alaska and Porto Rico.
We favor an intelligent system of
improving the arid lands of the West,
storing the waters for purposes of irri
gation and the holding of such lands
for actual settlers.
We favor the continuance and strict
enactment of the Chinese exclusion law
and application to the same classes of
all Asiatic races. Jefferson said:
"Peace, commerce and honest friendship
with all nations; entangling alliances
with none." We approve this whole
some doctrine and earnestly protest
against the Republican departure which
has involved us in so-called policies, in
cluding the diplomacy of Europe and
the intrigue and land grabbing of Asia,
and we especially condemn the 111-oon
cealed Republican alliance with Eng
land, which must mean discrimination
against other friendly nations and which
has already stifled the nation"? voice,
while liberty is being strangled In
Believing in the principles of self-gov
ernment and rejecting as dfd our fore
fathers (he claim of monarchy, we view
with indignation the purpose of England
to overwhelm with force the South Af
rican republics. Speaking as we do for
all free men everywhere, we extend our
sympathy to the heroic burghers in
their unc-qual struggle to maintain their
liberty and independence.
H<- |mil> Mean Evlravnganop.
We denounce the lavish appropria
tions of recent Republican congresses,
which have kept taxes hiph and which
threaten the perpetuation of the oppres
sive war levies. We oppose the ac
cumulation of surplus to be squandered
in such barefaced frauds upon the tax
payers as the shipping subsidy bill,
which, under the false pretense of fos
tering American shipbuilding-,would put
unearned millions into the pockets of
favorite contributors to the Republican
We favor the reduction and speedy re
peal of the war taxes and a return to
the time-honored Democratic policy of
strict economy in governmental expendi
Believing that our most cherished in
stitutions are in great peril, that the
very existence of our constitutional re
public is at stake and that the decision
now to be rendered will determine
whether or not our children are to en
joy those b!essed privileges of free por
ernment which have made the United
States great, prosperous and honored,
W3 earnestly ask for the foregoing dec
laration of principles the hearty support
of the liberty-loving American people,
regardless of previous party affilia-
Including- Imperialism, militarism, Cuba,
the Philippines and Porto Rico, occupy
fully half of the declaration, beginning
with an assertion of their paramount and
supreme importance, and declaring that
"while other issues are vital the ques
tion of imperialism strikes at the ex
istence of the republic."
A change was also decided upon in the
declaration regarding the Chicago plat
form, and the coinage of silver. This
declaration is placed well down in the
body of the platform, and the language
is changed considerably. The introduc
tory phrase of this declaration as orig
inally presented was changed by striking
out the words "we reaffirm the Chicago
platform in whole and in part, and in
letter and in spirit." and it is made to
read as follows:
"We reaffirm and indorse the principles
of the platform adopted by the Democ
racy in convention assembled in 1896."
This is followed by a positive declara
tion for free coinage of the precious met
als, and this in turn by a strong de
nunciation of the gold standard legisla
tion of the last congress.
It would be Just as becoming In a Demo
cratic national convention to accept as a
delegate and honor as a hero a man who
should be under indictment as an acces
sory after the fact to the murder of the
governor of New York as it was for the
Republican national convention to accept
Taylor as a delegate and honor him- as a.
hero. It liT'offering a premium fo r politi
cal assassination. It is equivalent to say
ing: "Kill a Democratic governor and the
Republican party will back you up in It."'
WEBSTER DAVIS RENOIXfKS RE
PIBUCAMSM AlfD BECOMES
WILL SUPPORT PEOPLES CAUSE
Arraign.* the Administration for
Aggreitlon and OpprewMlon, and
Announces Him Fenltj to
Bryan and ill- mum- me y.
KANSAS CITY, July 5.-In his speecfl
renouncing allegiance to the Republican
party, Webster Davis said:
".Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of tlie
"I appreciate very hlg-hly the honor
conferred upon me by Inviting me to
say a few words at this time, and I sh.ill
not detain you but a moment. I
been honored highly by another party
than this In the past. I have served that
party well, and have rendered services is
grood as the honor I received and the ac
count Is balanced now. (Great applause
and cheering.) Life, human life. Is but
a narrow 6pan between two great un
known eternities, and life 1 3 too short for
a man to sacrifice his principles or his
love of country for money or for office
'in this republic. (Enthusiastic applause
and cheering.) I have never yet read or
heard a platform that was bo intense
ly American aa the platform read here
in this convention. (Continued applause
and cheering.) Old questions have pass
ed away, and a good many new ones are
now before the American people. I care
not the snap of my finger for party or
private criticism. I care nothing for of
fice, because I gave up one voluntarily
bettor than any you can give me. (Great
applause and cheering.)
"The man or newspaper that makes the
statement that I was forced to 1
the administration against my will, ab
solutely, unqualifiedly and maliciously
lies. (Applause and cheering.)
JUSTICE FOR ALL.
"I love liberty, I luve equality of rights
and I love justice. When the party that
1 belong to has been too cowardly to take
a stand for liberty, to represent govern
ment against British aristocracy and
monarchy, I leave it and leave it for
good. (Wild and enthusiastic applause
and cheering.) In every part of Europa
and Africa the charge is made by tho
British press and the British offiicals tli.it
there la a secret alliance between this
country and Great Britain to the effect
that In case of any foreign nation at
tempting to Intervene In behalf of the
poor Boers, that this republic will -
by Great Britain with ha army and t.
(Cries of "No, no.") I have yet to ftfcfer
of the administration denying that regret.
I defendt-d the administration In every
address I made in bthalf of the Boera
since my unfortunate visit to tl I
try—for me I say unfortunate, financially
and politically—but I say now I will n
defend it again, because it baa not I
the chance at its national
tell the American people tlui;
for liberty and republican forma'of gov
ernment. (Great applam
MUST WHISPER LIBERTY.
Liberty! We all love the splendid word
—the sweetest word that ever bloi
ed upon the tongue of man, and as one
great Republican senator paid In the '
United States senate, "It has come to
pass that we must whisper the word lib
erty In Washington." Is It a fact that
liberty Is to become obsolete In I
lean lexicon? Is It a fact that this |
republic must chain itself to tho chariot
wheels of the British empire In Its mud
race for land and gold?
"I sympathize with people struggling
for liberty everywhi mpathized
with them as they struggled for 111
In Gneee, and when the war broki
with Spain we said then that it wa
i\ war for conquest, nol for glory but
for carrying liberty to people who were
crying for help at our feet (Loud ap
plause.) And the boys marched up from.
the Northland, whose fathers
marched In tattered blue, with the Hong
their fathers loved, 'My country, 'Tls or
Three,' and the boys came from the
Southland, they whose fathers
marched in ragged giay to the music or"
I 'Way Down South in Dixie' (appla
and they followed the man who once led
the Northern and Souther;: town
to Cuba and into other lands and into .
the islands of the sea. They marched un-
I der one flag in behalf of <>n<- country to
the music of on* .*-pli ndld m< tody, as
they felt in their h arts the music that
! Inspired the men In • i>y.
I "In the beanty of the lilies, Christ was
born across the 1
As he died 10 make mi n holy, let us d;« •
to make m«.-n free."
The crowd at this point broke oui Into
a demonstration, yelling and waving
flags and hats, and it was some Httle time
I before ord-r was restored. The Bpeaker
I attempted several times to go on, but *
was forced to wait some little time.
lie finally proceeded as follows:
"Up until that point the war v.-as ri^'ht,.
but when we passed beyond that |
the administration went too far. Hut it
was another Indication of following the
footsteps of Great Britain. When <ur
j (lag rose over the flag of the rotten Span
j lsh monorchy. the American republic
could not resist tho temptation then <>:
following in the footsteps of Great iiii'.
! am, and it thirsted for land' and gold,,
! and that is where the mistake was 0
1 We should have Stopped at the end of
j the Spanish victory, wh..-n be brought"
liberty to the people who were b< my;
ground to death under the heel of Span
ish tyranny. We do love liberty. The
masses of the American people stand for
• the blessed idea of liberty, justice ami,
j equality of rights, and I dare say today,
! if it were possible to get the news over
the British cable to the Boer farmers In
the two South African republicans, that
[ these representatives of six or bi
i million American voters send a word of
I sympathy to them, many a Boer would,
shout for joy In the hilla of the Trans
vaal. Grander struggle for l's
never made in all the world's history
than the struggle bein^ made by th ■ re
publicans and democrats in South Af
rica. Let us sympathize with them, and.
I am glad that you have taken thi
tion today, and at the polls ' amber- '
follow it up. Let American prim- :
ever live. Let them go on dowj
as an Institution to - - y«'t un
born. Liberty, love of country, one flag,.
one country, one Fi>U'ndid destiny alone.
"I stand upon this platform to support
Williams Jennings Bryan."
Are so much easier to prepare than tho
old-fashioned gelatine. With I!uml
Hasty Jellycon there 13 nothing to do but
dissolve it in boiling water and set
to cool. It Is already sweetened and
flavored. Get a package today at
grocers. The flavors are: Orange, lemon,
strawberry, raspberry, poach, wild eh
and unflavored "calfsfoot" for m.
wine and coffee jellies.