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THURSDAY, JULY IS, 1901.
llt is. I.v IM Mia It ATI ON.
The tendency of American life id city
ward. At least it hasv been so during
the last decade. The census report for
ISOO hows that 28,441,688 people of the
United States live in cities of more than
4,000 Inhabitants. This is a little over 37
per cent of the entire papulation and an
increase of 5 per cent over the proportion
reported In \-><.
Taking into account the cities and
towns with a population of more than
DOO, we find that less than one-half of the
people of the United States live in the
In 1890 there were 580 places of more
than 4,000 people. In I£oo there were
1,15$ such cities, just two less than
double. For twenty years there has been
an exodus from the farm to the city. The
superior social attractions of urban" life
and the more congenial work of the fac
tory was the prime cause of this rural
migration. The same change of popu
lation from the country to the city has
been going on in Germany under the im-
rial policy of industrial protection.
This urban development at the expense
of the rural section, however, reached
its maximum in 1893. Since that time
the balance has been preserved and the
tide is now setting in toward the farm.
Aside from the natural reaction which
was bound to come on account of a
scarcity of farm help and the natural in
stinct of man to live from the soil, a
number of circumstances have arisen to
drive the population of the city to the
The formation of trades unions in near
ly every branch of Industry tends to
monopolize opportunities for labor In the
city and deter the country folk from ven
turing into new fields. The combinations
of capital, doing away with individuality
among employers and eliminating the
man with small capital, makes for the
same result; while the wider knowledge
of scientific farming, by rendering the vo
cation to a large degree certain, has
made it attractive to those side
tracked in many other lines of endeavor.
If the consolidation of capital and the
close organization of labor in the Indus-,
trial fields of the city will continue to
drive the surplus labor to the farm,
they will be public benefactors. It is
on the soil where man is his own
master at last. When all has been said
that can be said on the subject, it is the
intelligent farmer who comes the near
est to the attainment of happiness.
Pioneer farm life is not at all ideal.
Neither is a hap-hazard farm life—a life
conducted without plan or a knowledge
of the forces that go to make up ordi
nary success. An idea Is prevalent that
any one can farm, and then some wonder
that so few make money at the business,
lie who puts into his farm the same
amount of energy and brains that is ex
pended in any other vocation to conquer
success will never have reason to com
plain of his lot.
Other forces are at work in favor of the
farm. Every new line of transportation,
every new trolley line, every automobile,
every free delivery mail route, every new
telephone line, adds to the desirability of
farm life. Year by year the state ex
periment farms are giving to the people
knowledge that lightens labor and in
creases farm profits. The time is com
ing, and that soon, when the farming
community will have its social life, when
the drudgery of the serf will be confined
to the limits of the c.iy.
City life at its best is cramped and ar
tificial. Tho royal blood of the nation
comes from the forest, the mountain and
THE SMOKE NUISANCE.
The enforcement of the smoke ordi
nance has occupied public attention at
intervals in this city for fifteen or twenty
years. Despite all the prosecutions at
tempted against those who operate plants
of one kind or other In the business dis
tricts of the city requiring th; extensive
use of coal, the smoke issuing from the
chimnies of such concerns represents, in
many Instances, a public nuisance. No
remedy has been found, or, if one has
been found, it has never been enforced.
The use of bituminous coal in such
places will always produce smoko in large
quantities. As long as that kind of fuel
is used much smoke will be produced.
More perfect combustion, the use or
anthracite coal or the successful applica
tion of a smoke-consuming device can
alone furnish relief.
Mayor Smith's proposal to have the po
lice board appoint a special officer charg
ed with the supervision of the smoke pro
ducing plants within the city Is* a good
one. It is certainly worthy of trial. It
Is well understood that bad firing pro
duces most of the difficulty. The quality
of bituminous coal used also largely af
fects the situation.. Certain establish,
ments use coal dust and sittings, with
the result that the smoke emitted from
their chimnies represents, a. public danger
as well as a public Inconvenience.
The general public has little faith in
smoke-consumers! In many instances in
the past the anti-smoke crusade has been
entirely the work of one or other enter
prising person owning an interest in a
smoke-consumer. Yet it has been de
monstrated that there are smoke-con
sumers which do good work and pay for
themselves in the saving of coal which
results from their use.
There are certain business sections of
the city which are badly affected by the
Within the section bounded by Fourth.
Market, Seventh and Minnesota streets
there are a number of chimnies which at
certain periods belch out thick smoke In
such quantities as to demand the inter
vention of city authority.
It would be easy to specify the estab
lishments which offend most in this di
rection, it would answer rib good pur
pose here to do so. If a smoke inspector
be appointed, or some other reasonable
remedy does not result In a serious inhibi
tion of the evil, then it certainly will be
a public necessity to prosecute^the of
fenders until they have found a remedy
themselves. In certain conditions of
weather much more care Is demanded
than In others. But it is reasonably cer
tain that a serious lessening of the evil
Is possible of accomplishment.
It remains for the present to be seen
what results wall come from the attitude
of the mayor toward the problem.
I'JtOTECT THE BOULEVARDS.
Many a lover of the beautiful in St.
Paul Is ma to all but weep ai he so
often sees the boulevards made to suf
fer by the acts of careless and thought
less people who ruthlessly destroy them
by using them as though they were side
walks or romping grounds.
Alderman Sohiffmann has introduced
into the council an ordinance for the
preservation of the boulevards, providing
that it shall be a misdemeanor to travel
on the sodded boulevards, to cross them,
to deface, cut or destroy trees with the
boulevard lines, except with the permis
sion of the commissioner of public
works. Infractions of the ordinance arc
made punishable by a fine of not less
than $5 nor more than $100, or imprison
ment in the workhouse for not less than
fire nor more than ninety days. Perhaps
the minimum penalty proposed is rather
heavy, and should be reduced, but there
Is a crying necessity for such an ordi
nance, and Aid. Schiffmann will have
the hearty support of hundreds of house
holders who have tried in vain to en
hance the beauty of their homes, and.
Incidentally, the neighborhood and whole
city, by making and keeping up nice
boulevards. By all means let's have
an ordinance that will encourage the
making of boulevards by protecting them
after being made. - ' . *
THE PRICE -OF IMPERIALISM.
"We have fed our seas for a thousand
years.and she halls us still unfed." * * * "If
this be the price of admiralty, great God I
we have paid it in full." Thus says Kip
ling of the Price of British admiralty.
Beneath the waves of every sea lie the
bones of the British sailors; beneath the
suns of every clime bleach the bones of
English soldiers. It is the price that the
Anglo-Saxon pays for imperialism. It is
a fearful price, but the contract has been
undertaken— hand has been laid to the
plow and there is no turning back.
Life is not the only price Britain pays,
for national supremacy. • To oppose the
dominance of France under Napoleon and
to hold her footing in India a century ago,
England spent $4,000,000,000 and drained
the cup of her vigorous manhood to the
very dregs. To main lain the balance of
power on the continent by thwarting the
ambitions of Russia, England joined with
the Turk and spent $350,000,000 in the Cri
mean war. It took $600,000,000 and seven
years of fighting' to learn the lesson taught
by the American Revolution. The wars
with France in the early part of the
eighteenth century over territory, cost I
the island kingdom a cold $1,000,003,000.
She has spent $2,000,000,000 in Asia, Africa
and China in recent operations, not in
cluding those of the last two years. The
Boer war has cost up to date $775,030,000,
and will double that amount unless a
peace can be patched up soon.
For the last 200 years England has ex
pended in round figures $10,000,000,000 for
empire. Not counting the cost of the
dead, we may well ask, has It been a pay
ing investment? Much of this blood and
treasure has been spent maintaining the
"white man's burden." Some has been
spent in self-defense, but more to main
tain British pride.
To this the British nation seems recon
ciled. Nothing is too great to sacrifice to
maintain the national honor or the na
tional prestige. We can but admire Brit
ish pluck—the dogged determination to
keep the Union Jack at the masthead.
Disaster may follow disaster, but there is
no swerving from the path pointed out. -
"We must feed our seas for a thousand
years, ■ v
For that is our doom and pride,
As it was when they sailed with the
Or the wreck that struck last tide-
Or the wreck that lies on the spouting
Where th.- ghastly blue lights flare-
If blood be the price of admiralty
Good God, we have paid it fair."
LIBERALISM AND DEMOCRACY^
There is a remarkably strong parellel
existing between the Liberal party of
England and the Democratic party of
America. Each occupies historically the
position of having from the beginning as
sumed the championship of popular rights
against the reactionary tendencies of the
time. Each has In its leadership from
time to time forgotten and run counter
to Its traditions and principles; and each,
too, has suffered the-full penalty of Its
departure from political sanity.
Like the American Democracy, ' the
British Liberal party, • when - It has
dropped down to mere negation, having
no well-defined attitude save one of op
position to the administration, has for
feited its hold on popular regard.; The dan
ger, too, has alike beset: the two parties;:
that the strong currents of democracy
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE, THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1901.
and popular rights moving the rank and
file of their membership have urged them
into the advocacy of untenable doctrines,
politically and socially, and placed them
in opposition to the trend of enlighten,
thought. Conservatism of-belief and
policy is an essential Ingredient in all
political organizations which seek to as
sume direction of the affairs of-any in
telligent people. Notwithstanding, the
readiness of Liberals and Democrats al ke
to take up the guage.for the weaker side
in the battle of life, there has always
animated them, In their political conduct,
the steadying influence which has kept
the two parties generally In line with
the substantial interests of their re
spective countries. "7.
There is, even for American Democrats,
a mournful significance in the current
declaration of Lord Rosebery concerning
the present attitude of the party. No
party can flourish, and no party, save
alcne that which represents the aspira
tions of the common people and is accept
ed by them in that respect, can- survive,
which sets Itself In antagonism to the
I national sympathies or to reasonable pol
icies, insisted on by the body of people
in any great national crisis. Demo
cratic leadership put itself in'an utterly
false position toward the war for the
preservation of the Union, and It has
never overcome the consequences since
then. While the rank and file of the
party went into the Southern battle fields
and gave up their lives for the preserva
tion of the Union, the leaders, in too many
cases, preached the doctrine o£ copper
headism and repudiation. In a lesser
degree it proved false to itself when it
repudiated the economic teachings of its
founders and of its greatest statesmen
and "set iself up in 1896 and again in 1903
in opposition to the business interests
of the entire country. _;-7'7
There can be no running with the
hare and coursing with the hounds in
politics. A political party must sustain
the recognized welfare and honor of the
country It represents or it must be
against both. The Liberal party, in plead
ing for division of sentiment within its
ranks on the leading imperial issue at
present before the British nation, Is, as
Lord Rosebery points out, putting itself
utterly out of touch with the national
sentiment, and is, as a consequence, like
ly to. remain so out of touch for many
years to come.
It is so with the Democratic party, and
will so remain so long as It Is the party
of a- mere class, as Mr. Bryan and his
associate leaders would have it be, or the
party of a mere section, as the pro-slav
ery leadership prior to 1865 would have
it be. Like the Liberal party of Eng
land, the Democratic party of the United
States will be accepted as the party
of the people Just as soon as It shows the.
masses that It has a well defined pro
gramme worthy of acceptance by an en
lightened nation, and promotive at once
of the rights of the individual and the
dignity and honor of the nation.
*■> ■ ■. - ■ . ■ ■
. The best achievements of the British
nation found their orgin and inspiration
in the policies of the Liberal party,
just as the United States were made and
maintained through the Democracy of
Jefferson and his successors, the home
of constitutional liberty. How long these
parties will respectively submit to being
blinded and misled by stupid leadership
should be a; matter of profound concern
to every friend of civil liberty and na
tional progress the world over.
The steel strike seems to be growing
in favor with the strikers.
Earl Russell may plead guilty and
throw himself upon the mercy of the
The Russians propose to adopt the
Gregorian calendar and try to be on
Charley Tcwne says that the silver Is
sue Is dead. Charley ought to have known
that a year ago; others did.
The Times is agitated over the Dis
patch's "vanishing city." Did that touch
a tender spot? It seems that Minnie has
corns, all right. 7-7-
They are soaking hogs in Kansas to
make them hold swill and . a man at
Wichita is hauling water six miles to run
his ferry across the Arkansas river.
The best way to get to the public
baths would be on an incline bridge from
the Wabasha bridge to j the island. Let
some engineer figure on this and give us
Kansas Preacher— Hayseed,
had we not better call a meeting of the
church and pray for rain?
Hayseed—Would it not be more effective
to have a picnic?
Will Bryan head a third party if he is
not allowed to make the platforms for
the other two? No, we think not. Bryan
will head no third or fourth party unless
he loses his own head.
An important convention Is In session
ait Fargo. We refer to the tri-state
drainage convention. Much good to tho
states of Minnesota and the Dakotas
should come from this meeting.
We are informed that there is another
deadlock in Pekin. Would :it not be a
good idea to give the representatives of
the various powers power to act. It is the
only way this business can be finished up.
It seems that ; the present strike in
augurated by Shaffer is based on his
fear for the future. He should . remem
ber the admonition not to borrow trouble;
sufficient- unto the day is the evil there
of. • -:.777--:-7'.:' 7
Did : Andrew Jackson have a platform
or something of that sort on which he
Stood when he ran for the presidency? If
he had, r why Is it not the proper caper
to reaffirm it. It is up to you, Mr.
The committee of ten, representing the
Ohio Bryan Populist-Democratic faction,
has issued a manifesto. ~ These ten ac
cuse the Democratic party of abandoning
its faith of 1896 and 1900. • Well, what
of it? Is it a crime to correct the error
of your "ways? The committee of ten will
have to find "other cause against Roder
ick Dhu" before we can give it serious
attention. - _
.'. Editor Watterson: is freely admonished
by the conciliatory wing of the • Demo
cratic press that vinegar catches no flies;
Possibly Mr. Watterson Is not out after
files. It may be that he is trying to kilL
The only bees that are swarming now
are the Republican presidential bees and
Watterson has no interest in them.
-■"■'- *U i.Q"-- - .'•■■-
_— *■ — ■ '
| AT -THE THEATERS. ||
There will" be.4our- more performances
of "My Wife's First Husband" at the
Metropolitan opera house by the Criterion
Stock company^ which includes the Sat
urday matinee. /This very excellent com- -
pany, together ,with an artificially cooled
theater, Is Still attracting good audiences
for every performance.
Next week the Criterion company will
present for, the first time in St. Paul
the great military drama, "Our Regi
ment." •*• I:-'-
WATTERSOTf IS OPTIMISTIC.
One hundred years hence, when these
times come to be dispassionately review,
ed, the historian, looking out into the
garden of a mansion in the American city
of Manila, thoroughly modernized and
civilized, or it may be writing from a
balcony in the American port of Hong
kong, given us by the English for our
friendly aid in that little affair with Rus
sia upon the headwaters of Bitter creek
in Manchuria, will tell of how. there were
Josiah Quincys and Tim Pickerings in
1901, to protest against expansion, to pre
dict dire ills of progress, but that in spite
of these.the star of the republic continued
to go westward, the constitution hand in
hand with the flag, religion oyer all! He
will write, mayhap, of many ups and
downs, of dangers by flood and field, of
seasons of famine and seasons of plenty,
of periods of darkness and doubt, of
misgovernment and maladministration,
but in spite of these the* sturdy moving
onward and upward of the republic ih the
development of the self-governing prin
ciples and the rights of man. He will tell
of parties, too; not of one party in power
all these years, but of the excesses of
one party making the opportunity and th
necessity, for a change of parties; yet not
a single halt in the forward march, not
the lowering of a single national standard,
not the abridgment of the dh#2nsions of
the flag by so much as the thickness of a
The future can be measured by no
rules known to the present. The distance
between the Island of Luzon and the Dis
trict of Columbia will be scarce noted as
the world, shut, up by the centralizing
forces of modern invention like a tele
scope, is made familiar to mankind in
all its parts'and'fit to live in throughout
its length and breadth; a new world, with
an autonomy, of nations undreamed of
by the Iron-bound philosophy of Greece
and Rome, even by the limited vision of
the militant sages : who made the Ameri
can union. In a word, we are but upon
the threshold of! such a development of
resources and ideas as will beggar all
that preceded it, putting to blush the
shortsightedness of those who on the
one hand would' reduce the constitution
to an invoice, the flag to a bill of lading,
and limiting to a party what was meant
for mankind, and of those, on the other
hand, who, making a great pretense of
being the party of the people but in real
ity not trusting the people, nor truly be
lieving either in the constitution or the
declaration of independence, would stop
all movement, dam all progress, for fear
that in crossing the ocean; some of our
Institutions may get their feet wet.
As Jefferson did not destroy liberty in
annexing New France, nor Jackson, Tyler
and Polk in annexing Texas and New
Mexico, nor Lincoln in abolishing African
slavery, so shall the fires of liberty burn
long after the youngest of us has gone to
his account, nor less brightly on the other
side of the world than on this, for we are
a militant as well as a Christian people,
and God leads the way!
WAS FULL OP FUN. 7
New York Times.
A clerical friend of mine told me a
capital story of a Yale man who was
the stroke oar of his crew and the chief
athlete on the football field.
He entered the ministry and spent years
In missionary labor in the iar west.
Walking one day through a- frontier town
a cowboy stepped up o him and said:
"Parson, you .on't have enough fun.
Take a drink."
The minister declined.
"Well," he said, "parson, you must
have some fun. Here's a faro layout.
Take a hand in the game."
The minister declined.
"Parson." said the cowboy, "you'll die
if you don't have some fun."
And he knocked the parson's hat off
his head and hit. him a whack on the
ear. - ■
The old athletic spirit rose; the science
which had been learned in the college
gymnasium and -forgotten for a quarter
of a century was arousea, a blow landed
on the jaw of that cowboy that sent him
sprawling In the street.
The parson walked over to him as if
he had been a door rug, picked him up
and dusted the side of the house with
him and then mopped up the sidewalk
with his form. :
As the ambulance was carrying the
cowboy off he raised his head xeebly and
said: 7 *
"Parson, what did you foot me for?
You are chock full of fun."
AX ECONOMICAL KING.
The. king of Italy Is determined to re
duce the number of employes In the royal
household and to abolish many sinecures,
writes a Rome correspondent. Being
an early riser, he turned up at the office
of the household at 8 a. m.- the other
day and found two attendants lazily
dusting the writing desks. The king
remained there smoking cigarettes until
9:30, when one of the clerks—the most
sauntered in and stood aghast
at the unexpected apparition of the king.
His majesty asked him at what hour
he and his . still absent colleagues were
expected to begin their day's work. "At
eight, sire," stammered the pen driver.
The king looked at his watch, nodded,
and walked out. The clerks in that of
fice have been uncomfortable ever since.
■-':-7"'"'"' m !——
The Very Beat.
One of the best written editorials
printed in a Northwestern daily for some
time was the St. Paul Globe's Fourth
of July article. Had it appeared in a book
of essays with the name of some littera
teur stamped on the cover, it would have
been pronounced a classic. As it was. It
lived for one brief day and then per
ished, to be known no more of men. The
newspaper is the graveyard of more lit
erary genius than the world dreams of.
It demands the very best there is in those
who slave to make it great, and then it
takes that best and buries It with the
veriest rubbish; wraps the talent given.it
In a napkin, and then like hungry Oliver,
cries for more. 1°
It Certainly Would
Chaska Review.' 1' . • .7" 5",
The St. Paul Globe, of Tuesday, had
a cartoon representing "Elder" Dowie.
the divine healer, of Chicago, astride a
rail borne by jt'wc^ stalwart male "angels."
The "Elder" sayS: were he to be placed
in jail, angels would come in the wight
and let him out. Wouldn't It be a good
plan to make prove It? "
» - Qouy In Scared,
With only SO.COO fradulent,votes to bank
on. the Quay machine in Philadelphia is
already.scared nearly [to - death, ;.. - ■
Better Than a Tip.
Chicago,. News. _■"'' 7
Guest (in restaurant)— may bring
me some roast beef.■;■-. ..
Waiter—How will. you have it, sir?
. Guest—Well done,,thou good and faith
'..'.' :. ■'"'■'■'.■'• ' "• '■'.-.-' -'-V -""-":'-T:.—'";"'vi ; -r.--ti '■-'-
King Sdward. at Church. M
Chicago fUcord Herald. :
The easiest way to see the king is to
go to church with him. When he is in
London he always attends morning serv
ices .at the Chapel Royal, St. James's
Palace; when at Windsor, at St. George's
chapel, and when at Sandringham, at
St. Mary's. No man In England Is more
punctual and regular in his attendance
upon divine worship than King Edward.
No matter whether he is at home or
abroad, he never passes a Sunday without
at least morning prayers and makes it
a rule not to attend any service but that
of the Church of England.
The people of London, who generally
show great curiosity to see their king,
let him alone on Sunday and allow him
to worship in peace. It was a remark
able fact that last Sunday morning, when
there were at least 2.C00 people In the
courtyard of St. James's palace listening
to the music of the band at guard mount,
not more than fifty or sixty people, and
they the members of the household, were
seated In the chapel royal, which opens
upon that court. There Is an outer en
trance and an inner one from the cor
ridor of the palace, so that the king may
reach it from his apartments in Marl
borough house without going . into the
open air; but all the worshipers, except
the royal family and the ladies and gen
tlemen in, waiting for that day, are ad
mitted at the public doors in St. Jaames's
It is a very small and uninteresting
church; perhaps there is none more so
in all London. There is nothing at
tractive about it except its severe sim
plicity. It is as plain as one of the
Baptist chapels, in South London. The
windows are set in ordinary glass, with
out shades or hangings, and need clean
ing badly. The altar Is an ordinary
table, covered with crimson cloth, upon
which the cross of St. George and the
three plumes of the Prince of Wales are
embroidered In gold. The only ornaments
are a large brass collection plate, two
tall candles in brass candelabra and two
brass vases holding bunches of snow
balls. There is no crucifix or cross, but
over the altar is a fine painting of the
Madonna by Rubens, which, however,
is too large for its place.
| There are sittings for about 200 people
long pews running on either side of a
single aisle to the wall. The first pew
within kneeling distance of the altar
rail is occupied by the .-ing and his fam
ily, who prefer to sit with the congrega
tion than to use a gallery of handsomely
carved oak, which projects from the
palace wall and was intended to insure
At 9:30 o'clock, while the king, queen
and Princess Victoria "partook of the
communion, administered by the Rev.
Mr. Sheperd, subdean of St. James's,
the outside doors of the chapel were closed
and locked. A little group of people
gathered there to await their opening.
They were plainly dressed, serious per
sons, who did not look distinguished, but
may have been such, because appear
ances are very deceitful. Most of them
came on foot, although several of them
drove up In carriages that bore coronets
upon the panels of the doors. On the
minute of 10 o'clock an old verger in a
black gown, bearing a long staff, opened
the door to admit all who desired to en
ter. Then he closed and locked them.
As soon as the little congregation was
seated the verger opened a side door
that leads into the palace and a little
choir of twelve boys and men entered,
OF SOCIAL INTEREST
The club women of St. Paul are plan
ning for a busy autumn season. Pro
grammes are already being considered for
the week's entertainment, at the driving
club house, - the headquarters of the
State Federation, during state fair week.
Mrs. Anna B. Underwood, of Lake City,
is chairman of the state fair committee
of club women. This will be the third
year that the federated clubs have had
headquarters en the fair grounds, and It
is the intention of the committee to make
this the most successful of the three
years. On Monday, the opening day of
the fair, Vice President Roosevelt will
be tendered a luncheon at the club. Be
sides the guest of honor there will be
several other notables at the luncheon,
including Gov. and Mrs. Van Sant. Mr.
and Mrs. Moses E. Clapp, Mr. and Mrs.
Knute Nelson and the seven congress
men and their wives. Mrs. W. H. Lig
gett and Miss Shepard, of St. Anthony
Park, have charge of the arrangements
for the luncheon. These two women will
also have charge of the household econ
omics at the headquarters and special at
tention will be paid to this department.
Every day during the week Miss Shep
ard will give demonstrations In practical
cooking, and in addition to this there
will be prizes offered to servants who
can show certificates of the longest serv
ice in one place. Russian tea will be
served every day ln the club house, and
there will be special musical programmes
both morning and afternoon, the Schu
bert club, of St. Paul, and the Ladies'
Thursday Muslcale, of Minneapolis, al_
ternating In presenting the programme.
After the state fair week programme
will come the state federation conven
tion at Owatonna in October. Aside from
the all-important question that has to do
with the colored woman and which 'after
all, cannot in any way be settled by the
state association alone, though the lat
ter's influence will undoubtedly count In
the national association, many other
questions of moment will come up for
discussion. The general topics will be
education, domestic science, art, libraries,
music and town and village Improve
ments. On the opening evening at Owa
tonna the musical programme will be giv
en. The second evening a reception will
be held, and on the Cosing evening Mrs.
Conde Hamlin, of St. Paul, will have
charge of the presentation of town and
village improvement work in Minnesota.
The address will be Illustrated with
slides. The latter part of the evening will
be devoted to a talk on "The Develop
ment and Importance of the Flax Indus
try," . by Mrs. O. N. Olberg, of Albert
Lea. The educational programme will re
late to the reorganization of the rural
school system. The art programme will
treat of art ln simple things.
♦ * *
The engagement is announced of Miss
Minnie Weiss, of Summit avenue, and
Jacob Feschner, of Chicago.
* * •
- Miss Ina Bamcock, of Grand Ledge,
Mich., was the guest of honor at a euchre
party given Monday afternoon by Mrs. D.
S. Sperry, of Holly avenue. Cards were
played at four tables, favors being won
by Mrs. J. M. Schwartz and Mrs. C. E.
Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Garrett, of New
York, who are the guests of Mr. and
Mrs. O. E. Brooks, of Holly avenue, were
the guests of honor at a.-trolley-party
given Monday evening by W. J. Hie*i<l.
A company- of twenty rode to Lake Har
riet and remained for the band concert.
< .'■ ■ *•*.--' :~i:.y :
Mrs. J. N. Mounts, of Grand avenue,
entertained the Endless Chain Birthday
club Monday afternoon. Favors were won
HR. MORGAN A GENEROUS GIVER.
J. Pierpont Morgan's recent gift of $1,000,000 to Harvard university is but one
of a long series of benefactions extending over a period of years and amounting to
hundreds of thousands of dollars. A list of those which have been made public
is as follows: (
New parish house and "rectory for St. George's church J300.C00
For St. George's church work among the poor 200,000
New York Trades training school ....- .-..;..... 500,000
St. John's "cathedral. 500,000
The magnificent Lying In hospital, on the • site of Hamilton Fish's former
residence, - Stuyvesant park and Second avenue 1,000,
For equipping the hospital 350,000
Gave the two lots adjoining
For;preserving the Palisades ....'.........* 125,000
For paying debts of the Young Men's Christian association 100*000
The Holyoke, Mass., library , 100,000
Aix les Bains hospital &u,OOO
St. Paul's cathedral, London, complete electrical plant
Electrical plant for the Loomis sanitarium 40,000
Queen Victoria memorial fund „ 5*009
Galveston relief fund ..„ , 5,000
Site at Rockaway for St. George's cottages by the sea ..;..... '.,
Handsome site for the New York Yacht club building, West Forty-fourth
. street;.. ;
Tiffany collection of rare gems, presented to American Museum -of Natural
History ......... .; : ...
Rare collection of Greek ornaments, presented to - Metropolitan Museum of
Art ... -3J0.000
Three famous paintings, Columbus, Napoleon and Nelson, presented to Met
ropolitan Museum of Art ..........". ;..... .....". ;.i...
Famous collection, of fabrics, presented to Cooper Union .;'....' .'.'.'.'.,
Expense assumed for bishopric of A1a5kar..,....: .....:...;.-..... :... 7...
Free parsonage to Church of Holy Innocents, Highland Falls, N V... !!!!..
singing the processional hymn. The choir
boys were dressed in a livery of red and
gold. The men wore the usual sur
plices. Each had a band of crepe around
his left arm. The minister followed them
with his assistant, one taking the pulpit
and the other the reading desk.
Immediately. behind them came King
Edward VII., dressed in a black frocK
suit and carrying a silk hat in his un
gloved hands. Queen Alexandra and Prin
cess-Victoria, both of whom are taller
than the king, followed quietly after him,
and he stood aside to allOw them to pass
Into the pew. The queen wore a gown of
plain black, a small black bonnet and a
crepe collar, as simple a costume as you
could imagine. That of the princess was
similar, except that she wore a black silk
hat Instead of a bonnet. Both are beauti
ful women, and the queen, although past
fifty years of age, looks as young as her
daughter. Her figure Is girlish and
graceful, her abundant blonde hair is
without a sign of gray, her complexion Is
fresh and pure as a child's, and sue
stands and walks with the firm crectness
of an athlete. The Princess Victoria is a
little "taller than her mother, but not so
plump. Her face is purely English, ac
cording to the artists' ideals,, although
her father is of German ancestry and her
mother is a Dane. One would find it mill,
cult to decide which Is the handsomer,
but no one can look upon the queen of
England without being convinced that
she Is a woman of intellect, refinement
and amiable character.
The royal party was attended by a lady
in waiting, also in plain black, and three
gentlemen in ordinary mourning dress,
who occupied the second pew back of the
king, leaving one view vacant between
them. The first was a man of enormous
stature, a large head and striking face,
with a heavy shock of hair and a long
gray beard. The second was Capt. Tol
ford, an aide de camp of the king, a
young man, tall and slim, with a large
nose and slight mustache. The third was
Sir Francis Knollys, the king's private
secretary, a gentleman of medium height,
bald, with a gray mustache.
The king uttered the responses In a firm,
distinct voice, and the que* and princess
also followed the service carefully. They
bowed their heads when the dean read the
prayers for "Edward, our sovereign
lord," and "Alexandra, our sovereign
lady," and one might imagine that their
responses were more fervent than usual
after the special prayer to God to protect
and preserve the life and health of the
Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York
while exposed to the dangers of travel
on their journey around the world. Both
the-king and the queen sang the hymns—
at least, their lips formed the words, al
though their voices were Inaudible be
cause of the choir. One of the hymns
was especially appropriate, the second
What are the monarch, his court and his
What are the peace and the joy that
All that tihe blessed ones, who in it have
All that they feel could as fully declare.
At the close of the service, after the
clergyman and the choir had left the
chapel, the king stood at the entrance
of his pew and faced the congregation,
while his daughter and wife passed out
before him. He brushed the dust off his
silk hat with his handkerchedf as he fol
lowed them through the private door.
by Mrs. T. S. F. Hayes, Mrs. E. D. Lock
wood and Mrs. E. M. Atkins.
Mrs. J. H Bell entertained the member.!
of the Miami club Tuesday afternoon it.
her home on Laurel avenue Favors were
won by Mrs. J. Clancey, Mis. L. E. Shep
ley and Mrs. Bell.
Mrs. Z. J. Holmes, of Burr street, will
entertain the Ladies' Co-operative Society
of the Atlantic Congregational Church
The marriage of Miss Lillian Mario
Krank to Mr. William K. Lewis was sol
emnized yesterday afternoon at 5 O'clock
at the English Memorial Lutheran
church Rev. A. J. D. Haupt perform
ed the ceremony. The bride was attend
ed by Miss Cora Weidlich, as maid of
honor, and by her niece, Virginia Krank,
as flower girl. The beat man was J. A.
Lewis, and the ushers were E. C. Lewis,
Theodore Gronewald. Louis Sullwold
and Frank Danz. Ed Danz assisted.
Jacob Danz gave the bride away. She
was gowned in French mulle mad. over
white silk and trimmed with duchesse
lace. She carried a bunch of bride
roses. The maid of honor wore pink
mousseline de sole, made over white and
trimmed with duchesse lace. She car-,
ried a bunch of white sweet peas. The
flower girl wore white swlss and car
ried a basket of white sweet peas.
Following the ceremony a wedding
supper was served at the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Jacob Danz, on Tilton street.
The rooms were decorated in white and
Mr. and Mr?. Lewis left last evening
for Buffalo by way of the lakes They
will be at home after Sept. 1, at 90S Sel
Mrs. James De Wolf, of Pleasant ave
nue, is entertaining Mrs. Louise Mackay
Leslie, of New York.
Mrs. F. E. Baker and daughter, of St.
Peter street, and Miss Grace Brown, of
Portland avenue, have gone to Buffalo
by way of the lakes.
Mrs. Jacob Dlttenhoffer and Mrs. I. B.
Rose, of Summit avenue, are .at-Ocono
Miss Annie Edwards, of Laurel avenue,
is expected home Saturday from Mil
Mrs. William A. Miller and children, of
Lincoln avenue, are at Clearwater for
Mrs. William Constans, Miss Elsie Con
stans and Miss Dalrymple, of Summit
avenue, will go to Duluth the last of
Mrs. C. F. Shanley, of the Colonnade,
is in Buffalo.
Miss Charlotte May, of Marshall ave
nue, is at Geneva Beach, Alexandria, for
six weeks. t
Mr. and Mr.3. A. E. Brown, of East
Eighth street, will leave Sept. 1 for the
Mrs. John Agnew Brown, of Bloom
ington. 111., Is the guest of her niece,
Mrs. Cushman K. Davis, of Farrington
Senator and Mrs. Moses E. Clapp, of
Holly avenue, have gone to .Lake Cllth
erell for the remainder of the summer.
Miss Hester Gllman has returned from
The Misses Dean, who have been visit
ing Mrs. Henry Nichols, of Summit ave
nue, have returned to Northfield.
Mr. and Mrs. C. C. DeCoster, of Sum
mit avenue, have returned from Buffalo.
Mies Sturgls, of Virginia avenue, has
gone to Mexico.
Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Dresser, of Cedar
street, have returned from Buffalo, N. Y.
I GLOBE'S CIRCULATION I
< TOR JUNE, \
) C. G. Brandhorst, assistant superin- \
? tendent of circulation of ths St. Paul s
S Globe, being duly sworn, depose and ;
> says that the actual circulation of th? St. <
( Paul Globe for th? month of June, S
> 1931 , was as follows: — >
| Total for the month. 572,250 j
J Average per day 19,075 J
5 C. G. BRANDHORST. >
i Subscribed and sworn to bstors ms /
> this 30th day cf June, 1901. <
<[ H. P. PORTER. <
> Notary Public, Ramssy Co., Minn. (
> [Notarial Seal.] /
> FURTHER FROOF 15 READY. \
(J The Globe invites anyone and every- s
< one interested to, at anytime, make a )
5 full scrutiny of its clrculat.m lists and I
i records and to visit its press and mall- >
i ing departments to check and kesp tab >
> on the numbsr of papers printed and the <
( disposition made of ths same. I
FEEE COOKING LESONS BY MAIL
The N. F. Kairbank company, of Chi
cago, have announced a new feature in
their plans of advertising, m giving away
The N. K. Fairbank company, 271 DeaT
born street, Chicago, 'will send to any
reader of the Globe a complete course
of king lessons prepared by Airs. Em
ma P. Ewing upon request and the en
closure of the nominal amount of ,"0
cents, which win bring with the lesson a
coupon which can be redeemed for one
year's subscription to "Harper's Bazar "
.the regular price of which Is $1 Mrs
Ewing will answer, In a department es
pecially devoted to that purpose auea
tions from students of the cooklng'sehool
The lessons which she has prepared cover
the entire range of sensible, practical
cookery and are very interesting and
valuable, not only to those who want
to learn to cook, hut also to those who
have already had experience
Publishers of the Globe know the
N. K. 1-alrbank company as a large and
responsible Institution, having oeen heavy
advertisers for many years, and readers
can rest assured that their offer Is bona
fide and worthy of their attention.
HOW TO i:\CII nil: POLK.
The prime, imperative need for suc
cessful arctic work Is a specially con
structed steamer, Ice protected and of
high engine power, so that she can go
anywhere and undertake anything Ev
ery steamer in the St. John's fleet has
drawbacks, and once the explorer had at
his command Just such a steamer as is
needed, fast, strong an, of small coal
consumption, 200 or £00 miles of distance
to the pole would be gained, and the base
of supplies and" opeiatlons carried so
much nearer the front.
Peary's way to reach the pole, which
he fully set forth in his American geo
graphical paper Jan. 12, 1&07, which tho
society's committee approved and on the
lines of which his present expedition j*
conducted, has both common sense and
experience in its favor. Had the Wind
ward in August. WJS, reached her destina
tion at Sherrard Osborne fiord, there's
no telling that Peary might not that
very winter and the next spring have
pushed on to the goal. One element of
the polar problem; and one often lost
sight of, is tho necessity of return, for
no one wishes to remain there, and
there's nothing beyond to go to or for.
Therefore the traveler must stop when
ever his food for men and dogs Is re
duced to the limit which will bring him
back to the starting point. In this fact,
In the reduction of the known distance
to the minimum, lies the essential merit
and the certainty of Peary's methods.
It is not always remembered that no
explorer ever stopped going north be
cans., he could go no farther. Mark
ham, of the British expedition, had to
turn to save the lives of his scurvy
stricken comrades; Lockwood and Braln
ard had beaten the Englishman's farthest
and placed their country's flag in tho
van. seeing a great, gray mountain still
beyond, while Capt. Cagni, at ills hither
to unsurpassed si; degrees 3a minut<-3 and
ii seconds, last April reported-the travel
Steadily improving as he advanced north
ward. Every one of these courageous and
able men reached his limit and turned
| about simply by the inexorable necessity
j of subsistence homeward. As Admiral
I Melville/ veteran of many arduous cam
paigs, says: "If one could Stop at a ho
tel every night anybody could go to the
And so, as the army Is sail to movii
on its belly, does the food factor deter
mine the working out of the whole polar
problem. And here Is where the great
est change of all has been effected.
Modern methods have made, food preser
vation a simple and certain matter, and
there Is no longer a shadow of excuse
for a defective arctic dietary. Money
will buy food—all that Is wanted and just
what is wanted; it will build and man
steamers such as experience proves are
needed and effective. Add to the Amer
ican pluck and common sense, and Is
there any reasonable doubt remaining of
•'How to reach the pole?"
Hasty Action Inadvisable.
One difference between the American
and Russian systems of government Is
that, whereas Secretary Gage and Minis
ter De Wltte were equally able to in
crease the tariff duties by an arbitrary
..id. the Russian minister Is able to re
call his action by Issuing another order,
while the American must await the slow
action of the courts and after that
probably the slower action of congress.
Our government is one that should not
act in haste, \ers it have too much leis
ure for repentance.
A gray, slow-moving, dust-bepowdered
That on the edges breaks too scatter
•Round which my faithful collies wheel
To scurry-in the laggard feet that
A babel of complaining tongues that
The still air weary with their cease
Brown hills akin to those of Galilee,
On which the sheperds tend their
The long, hot days, the stark, wind
No human presence, human sight or
sound; ' *"'. <■ :
Grim, silent land of wasted hopes, where
Who came for gold oft-times have
A bleating horror that foregathers
Freezing the word that from the Up
And sends the herdsman groveling with
Face down and beast-like on the tram
The collies halt, the slow herd sways
Huddled in fright above the low ra
Where wild with thirst a herd unshep
Beat up and down—with something
A narrow circle that they will not cross,
A thing that stops the maddest in their
A guarding dog too weak to lift his
Who licks a still hand shriveled ln the
—Sharlot M. Hall In the Land of Sun