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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, February 20, 1902, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1902-02-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXV.—NO. 51.
WORKING ON
NEWTAXOODE
HOUSE DISCUSSES PROPOSED MEAS
URE IN COMMITTEE OF THE
" "WHOLE
MANY AMENDMENTS PROPOSED
Prospects Now Are That but
Little Will Be Left of the >
the Commission's
i Work
EXEMPTIONS PLACED AT $200
If the house continues the work on ths
tax code at the clip it maintained yes
terday afternoon, the bill will be through
the house and ready for consideration
by the senate Friday night or Monday
night. But if the same clip is maintain
ed, the bill passed by the house will only
slightly resemble the code recommended
by the tax commission.
By the way the house started out when
it got down to work yesterday afternoon,
the bill that will pass the house may in
clude the provisions for the public serv
ice franchise tax, the permanent tax
commission recommended by the commis
sion, and a re-enactment of the present
laws covering personal property tax,
with the exception of a $200 exemption
In lieu of the $25 exemption proposed by
the commission. The exemption has al
ready been raised. All of the drastic and
inquisitorial features of the personal
property tax code are practically wiped
out. These carry with them the mooted
taxation of grain in elevators, technical
ly to transit, and the real estate clauses
are due to get a shaking up today.
There are over fifty sets of amend
ments on the clerk's desk to be taken
. up this morning, and notice of nearly
as many more has been given. The lead
ers of the "friends" admit that a major
ity of the objections raised will be sus
tained by the house, but believe that
many radical and beneficial changes will
be made in the present law, and that it
will all be over in two or three days.
They have not given up hope of thrash
ing the corporations, and are entirely sat
isfied that they will land their pet aver
sions, the public service franchise cor
porations and the mining interests.
The manner in which the house settled
down to business in the afternoon after
the oratorical pyroteennics of the morn
ing session was an agreeable surpiifee.
The speaker announced the special order
and Mr. Roberts at once sent up his se
ries of amendments. The first one fixing
the personal property exemption precipi
tated a sharp skirmish and resulted in the
adotion of a substitute fiximg the exemp
tion at the constitutional limit—s2o). The
(substitute was offered by Mr. Nyquist,
of Blue Earth, the antagonist of the dog
tax. Mr. Roberts said he at first wished
to make the exemption $200, but reared
the temper of the house. George Ahm
etrong, of Hennepin, and Gorge Mallary,
of Duluth, defended the Nyquist sub
stitute on the ground that, if property ia
to be taxed at its full cash value, the
exemption must be raised to give the
poor man the same privileges he now
enjoys. Mr. Ward, of Alexandria, said
the farmers are in favor of abolishing the
exemption, as in the farming communi
ties the personal property of families is
■ divided up among the children for as
sessment purposes and the tax evaded.
Argument Gets Too Warm.
The argument became general and
heated when Mr. Nyquist again secured
the floor. Mr. Nyquist was warm under
the collar and made no attempt to con
ceal his anger and his hot shots told.
The vote against the substitute brought
out the strict strength of the "friends,"
who polled thirty-one votes against sev
enty-two for the Nyquist amendment.
The attempted further discussion of
the Roberts ser.es of amendments brougnt
on a skirmish between Laybourn and Ja
oobson. Laybourn demanded that the bill
be taken up section by section and
amended as the committee went along.
. He insisted that such had been the pro
cedure in consideration of every other
important bill and demanded that the
friends make their fight fairly and
squarely above board. Mr. Jacobson
strenuously objected to a thorough read
ing of the bill. He contended that amend
ing by series would be far preferable
and that a reading of the bill and its
consideration section by section might
result in the defeat of some of the sec
tions which the friends wished retained.
Mr: Jackson, of Ramses', inslsioj that
consideration section by section was the
only fair and sensible method to pursue
and the "friends" received another de
cisive whipping.
The little skirmish amounted to little
more than a demonstration of sentiment
on the main question, however, as in a
ve.-y few minutes it had returned to Che
Continued on. Seventh Page,
Kef Babcock ~^|g^
7£ep. tyK- Hunt y"' Therburns 1; "~^j^«lj«Q
PAGE FBOM THE LEGISLATIVE SKETCH BOOK,
fbe £t fml §iobt
DUNBAR IS ALL THROUGH
HE IS DEFEATED IN BOTH THE
GRAND CHALLENGE AND GALT.
Special to The Globe.
WINNIPEG, Man., Feb. 19.-Bochon,
Fort William, defeated Dunbar, St. Paul*
In the grand challenge. It was a knock
out game. Dunbar is now down to U»»
semi-finals in the Gait trophy anS plays
Cameron, of Cypress River, in the morn
ing. There are three rinks left in the
grand challenge—Braden, Flower and
Rochon. In Caledonia, Harstone, Baker,
Sutherland and McLean. In Walker
ville, 'Sutherland, Patton, Town and Mc-
Killop.
DTJNBAR OUT OF THE GALT TROPHY
Special to The Globe.
WINNIPEG, Man., Feb. 19.—Dunbar
has been knocked out of all competition,
having been defeated in the Gait tonight
by McConaghy, of Newpawa, in a close
game; score, 11 to 10.
FAILDED TO QUALIFY
LA CROSSE JUSTICES OMIT ONE XB
CBSSARY FORMALITY.
Special to The Globe.
LA CROSSE, Wis., Feb. 19.—There is
consternation in legal "circles here over
the discovery that there is not a legally
qualified justice in the city. The fact
was disclosed as the result of an Investi
gation just completed by J-udge John
A. Daniels. The condition extends to the
city's criminal courts. The only hope of
the attorneys is that matters already lit
igated will stand on the ground that the
courts were de facto justices; but the
consensus of opinion is that such Is not
the case, because the condition is due,
not to a mistake in an attempt to qual
ify, but to an absolute failure to attempt
to qualify. It is probable that exten
sive litigation will follow.
LOGK-OUT IN SIGHT
CIXCIVXATI BREWERY WORKERS
ARE PREPARING TC WALK
OUT
SATURDAY THE DATE SELECTED
Fight for Supremacy Between Eo.
gineei-K and Workmen's Union Is
the Cause—Will Involve
2,000 Men.
CINCINNATI, Feb. 19.—At a mass
meeting held, here tonight the brewery
workers of Cincinnati, Newport and Cov
ington decided to strike next Saturday
night if their differences are not amicably
settled by .hat time. About 2,000 work
men are involved. The fight is for su
premacy between the engineers and brew
ery workers' union.
The John Brenner Brewing company, of
Covington, Ky., discharged its engineer,
J. W. Gibson, several days ago. Tne
brewery workers 1 union asked that Gib
son's place be given to one of their men
and not to a member of the engineers'
union, claiming that they have control
and jurisoiction of the engineers and fire
men who are employed in the various
breweries in the three cities. The engi
neers demanded that Gibson be rein
stated, but this the Brenner company
refused to do.
At a meeting of the brewers' exchange,
after a discussion of Ihe trouble. Secre
tary Miller, of the exchange, gave out
a statement in which he said the brewers'
exchange considers it necessary to state
that it will stand by its contract with
the engineers' union, and the members
of the brewery workers will have to be
locked out should they not reach an
agreement with the engineers' union by
next Saturday night.
WALL FALLS ON FIREMEN
ONE KILLED AT MILWAUKEE
BLAZE AND ANOTHER WILL DIE.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Feb. 19.—One fire
man is dead, another dying and two oth
ers seriously, though not fatally injured
the result of the falling wall of the plant
the George H. Smith Steel Casting com
pany, which was destroyed by fire to
night. The financial loss is estimated, at
$100,000, partly covered by insurance.
The dead are:
CHRIST MATTESON, Truck No 8
head was crushed and body terribly man
gled; tided soon after reaching hospital.
The injured are:
Edward W. Kinsella. pipeman, Engine
No. 3, back broken; will probably die.
Max Bulski, leg broken; will recover.
Joseph Kenney, leg broken; will re
cover.
The plant was a two-story brick struc
ture, at No. 500-516 Clinton street, and
consisted of a foundry and machine sihop.
The east wall fell outward on the fire
men when the supporting beams were
burned away.
THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 30, 1902.—TEN PAGES.
MORE GRAND
STAND PLAY
ATTORNEY GENERAL WILL BRING
SUIT AGAINST NORTHERN SE
CURITIES COMPANY
PRESIDENT ORDERED IT
Animus of the Proceeding Regarded
as aji Kffort to Curry Favor
With New York; Poi_
iticlans.
PROM THE GLOBE BUR*EAU,
Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 19.—The
announcement tonight that Attorney Gen
eral Knox would proceed at once to bring
suit against the Northern Securities com
pany lor violation of the Sherman anti
trust law, was a surprise only to those
who have not taken the trouble to keep
informed on the subject. The only cause
for surprise is the decision to begin now
and not wait for the supreme court to say
whether that body will take jurisdiction
of the petition in equity wfoich they have
under consideration.
When Attorney General W. B. Douglas
and Attorney Munn were here, they vis
ited tihe White house, where they were
told that if the supreme court turned
them down President Roosevelt would
iend them the attorney general, with his
department of justice, and the Sherman
law to keep up the crusade. The decis
ion to get busy now may therefore be
interpreted as a forecast of an adverse
decision by the supreme court. In speak
ing of the matter today Attorney Gen
eral Knox said:
"Some time ago the president requested
an opinion as to the legality of this
merger, and I have recently given him
one to the effect that, in my judgment, it
violates the provisions of the Sherman
act of 1890; whereupon he directed that
suitable action should be taken to have
the question judicially determined. A
bill in equity is now in course of prepara
tion, which will be filed within a sfiort
time, which will ask that the merger ef
fected through the exchange of shares of
the Northern Securities company for
shares of the two railroad companies be
dissolved, and such shares ordered re
exchanged to restore the stocks of the
two railroad companies to the original
owners. The two railroad companies, the
Northern Securities company, J. Pier
pont Morgan and James J. Hill, and their
associates, stockholders in the two com
panies, will be the defendants in the bill.
The district in wfhich the proeee<Kng3
will be Instituted has not yet been de
termined. Most likely it will be in M*m
resota."
No one here has any doubt that the
move is political in its inspiration ani
purposes. No one doubts that It is a
"grand-stand play," intended for manu
facture of capital in the next congres
sional campaign, and to give the presi
dent a better standing in the good graces
of the Republicans in the Northwest.
Still another reason for hurrying the
programme may be found In the desire
of the president to furnisfri an antidote
for his Schley decision. He could net be
blind to the unpopularity of his course
In this matter, nor could he be indiffer
ent to its effect on his political fortunes
in the Northwest. He felt that it was
time to do something demogogic to coun
teract it.
REVIVE COMBINE PLAN
"BIG COAL COMPANIES MAY FORM
$250,000,000 CORPORATION.
If Eifected Entire Bituminous Conl
Field Will Be Controlled by
This Gigantic Asso
ciation.
PITTSBURG, Feb. 19.—The Post to
morrow will says: Plans for one of the
greatest coal mining company mergings
in the history of the country—which in
cludes the consolidation of the Pittsburg
Coal Company, the Monongahela River
Consolidated Coal and Coke company,
and practically all the competing inter
ests of these companies in the Ohio, West
Virginia and Illinois fields—has been re
ceived. The preliminaries of the pro
posed merger are said to be indicated in
the recent incorporation of the combines
of the Central Pennsylvania and West
Virginia companies, such as the Fair
mont Coal_company, and the proposed
consolidations in Ohio and Illinois.
One of the next steps, according to the
coal men, will be the merging of the two
big Pittsburg coal companies into a single
headed corporation—the river combine,
with a capitalization of $30,000,000, and
the rail combine, with $64,000,000, or a to
tal of $94,000,000. The other corporations
that are slated for this final merger will,
in the rough estimate, make a combined
capital of over $250,000,000.
MINNESOTA IS FAVORD
SECRETARY ROOT WOULD PIT HIG
MILITARY CAMP IN STATE.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 19. - Secretary
Root said today that ha had not yet been
able to act on the l'epcrt of the army
post board, nor to give as much attention
to the subject as he dtesired.
Without intending to commit himself
as to the sites recommended by the board
for military oamps, he was personally of
opinion that one sach camp should be
located in Texas and another in the
Northwest, either at Crookston or Fort
Snelling. This recommendation will be
in addition to the four camp sites recom
mended by the board.
MORE FILIPINOS GIVE IN
LARGEST BAND OF HXiSURGEXTS IV
BATAXGAS SURRENDERS. -
I:MANILA, Feb. 19.—What is believed to
have been ; the largest existing band '■ of
insurgents In Batangas province surren
; dered yesterday to . Lieut.- ■ Charles D.
Rhodes, : of; the Sixth cavalry, at Banan.
Maj. Amoranto, two "captains,; six ".lieu
tenants and ninety-eight »Filipino "\ soldiers
have themselves up, and also surrendered
;five: revolvers, sixty-six rifles, and 2,iX)O
rounds' of I ammunition. Rhodes had ■ baen
hunting the *:. insurgents from place .to
:place for three ? weeks, and continually
destroying their supplies. They were vir
tually starved into surrender. ;
The skeletons of r five soldiers of the
Thirty-ninth infantry killed in * November,
1900, have ; been recovered and -". will "be
shipped ?to - Uie United State* '.. ■- -
IS SUING FOR DIVORCE
EMMA CARLS SEEKS REPARATION
FROM STIRB MATTSON. :
Special to The Globe.
NEW YORK, Feb. 19.-Emma Cams, a
singer belonging to a New York fieatri
cal company, has filed suit for divorce
frcm Sture Mattson, a son of the lato
Hans Mattson, former" seqretary of state
of Minnesota, and at one time consul
general to India.
Announcement of the filing of the su't
caused a surprise among the young woma
n's friends, as it was not generally
known that she was married. Miss Carua
eaid today that she had met Mr. Matt
son in 1805, while he was a student at
Yale. "We spent a great deal of tirao
together during: vacations," she said,
'and after his graduation we were mar
ried. After three months of married Ufa
we agreed to separate." .
Sture Mattson has a wide circle of ac
quaintances in the Twin Cities, and tchat
least some of his friends In this locality
the information that he was married w&n
not a surprise. He is a-son of the late
Hans Mattson, who was secretary of
state from 1887 to 1891, and whose home
was in Minneapolis, where the surviving
members cf the family still live. A broth
er of Sture Mattson Is cashier of one of
the Minneapolis banks, and a sister is
the wife of Luth Jaeger, of that city.
Sture is a young fellow of fine physique,
and has Tor some time-past been on the
stage. He appeared in this city last sea
eon in a minor character in one of the
productions of "Quo Vadis." Miss Carus,
it is said, was a singer in vaudeville, and
local friends say that their marriage
took place a year ago. N
STRONG PLEA FOR CUBA
LEADERS OP BOTH PARTIES JOI\
IX IRGIXG TARIFF REFORM
Mass Meeting in New York Attended
." by Many Noted Men, and Orators -
• Agree in UrgingfThat Trad«
Bars Be lowered.
NEW YORK, Feb. 19.—Cuba's needs
were set forth tonight at a mass meet
ing in Carnegie hall by prominent speak-
t-rs of both political parties. At the
close resolutions were adopted indorsing
a reduction of at least 50 per cent in
the existing duties on Cuban products,
in return for an equad concession on the
part of Cuba en products imported from,
this country. The resolutions adopted
wore:
"Resolved, That we, citizens of New
York, of all political parties, in mass
meeting assembled, earnestly indorse the
sentiments expressed by President Roose
velt in his message to congress, and of
Secretary of War Root, in his annual re
port, In support of the wisdom—indeed,
the vital need—of providing for a sub
stantial reduction In the tariff duties on
Cuban imports into ihe United States.
"We indorse the dc iaration of Mr.
I-'alma, president-elect of the republic of
Cuba, that a reduction of 50 per cent in
our duties on Cuban products is the least
under which Cuban industries can live
and prosper, and believe that this should
be a minimum of our concession to Cuba
in return for an equal concession in her
duties on our products Imported into
Cuba."
Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, who was
ambassador to Spain before the war,
presided. The speakers included Edward.
M. Shepard, Edward Lauterbach and W.
Bourke Cockran.
The call for the meeting was signed,
among others, by Abram S. Hewitt, Wil
liam E. Dodge/ W. D. Howells. R. W.
Gilder, Warner Van N©rden, William Jay
Schieffelin, John G. Carhsle, Peter L.. Ol
ney, Oscar S. Straus, Adrian H. Joline,
Benjamin F. Tracy, Roger A. Pry or, C.
N. Bliss, Gen. S. L,. Woodward, Frederick
L,. Coudert Jr. and F. U Thurber.
Gen. Woodford made a plea that the
last speech of the late President McKm
ley, in which he advocated reciprocity
with foreign countries, be remembered,
Edward M. Snepard pointed out that
every Chamber of Commerce in the en
tire country favored granting reciprocity
to Cuba. Edward Lauterbach took the
ground that the Republican party assum
ed the responsibility for the war and
would see to it that Cuba lived in hap
py contentment. Bouike Cockran said
the public conscience has been aroused to
the right of the claims of Cuba and the
people are now demanding that the laws
of the land shall be made to conform to
the laws of morality.
YOUNG KOOSEVELT BETTER.
Washington Physicians Will Accom
pany Convalescent Home.
GROTON, Mass., Feb. 19.—The condi
tion of Theodore Roosevelt Jr. steadily
improves. It is expected that the boy
will be able to leave tor Washington late
this week. Dr. Rex, a Washington physi
cian, has been summoned to Groton to
accompany the patient on the trip.
: BULLETIN OF 1 v
IMPORTANT NEWS OF THE DAY
Weather Forecast for St. Paul: v
Fair. .
I—Decision Is Agatnst'Schley. ....
~ House Considering Tax Code.
President Addresses Veterans.
„ Suit Against Securities Company.
3—Fortune In Paving. /-' -;
Grand lodge. A. O. U. W., Elect.
Campaign Is Opened. - . ■■.''.-
Levee Rents Are Unpaid. ; . :
New Kind of Wheat. . . ;
—Truelson Gains on Recount. - - -
News of the Northwest. ; . ;
" 4—Editorial Comment.
Latest Political Gossip.
- River Work Report.
- s— Up to the ' Magnates. .
All the tSfportinißrOVe^Trs. '■■■■.■:: ; '
<; John's Jury -Was Divided.
«—The Woman's. Page. ■■' .
Daily Short Story. ■*■■■■ "■■'.-."
<;7—Day's Doings in Jtlinnea^olis. •
B—News of the Railiroads. -p c ";.
J>—Grain and Provision Markets.
Examiner Needs .Funds-/- . " ;
■ ■ Fire Board Is Wrathy. 1 :_■_;■■;,■: ;
.. - Forester* Hold Annual Meeting.
SCHLEY IS CONDEMNED
BY PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT
Final Decision Is That Neither Admiral Was in Com
mand During Santiago Battle, Which Was
Only "A Captains' Fight."
"LOOP" MANEUVER STRONGLY CENSURED
Summary of FinaJ Decision in Schley Case. i
President Roosevelt, in his final decision upon the appeal of Admiral Schley from de~ !
cision of the Court of Inquiry, sustains the majority finding of the court and goes further !
in condemnation of the Admiral. !
He finds that neither AdmiraJ Sampson nor Admiral Schley was in actual command J
of the American fleet during the battle of Santiago, but holds that Sampson was technically J
in command. ]
He severely condemns Schley for the "loop."
He condemns Schley for dilatory action in scouting and for the retrograde movement !
from Cienfuegos. ;j
He gives Sampson credit for the victory off Santiago because of his system of block- j
ading.
He declares that actual engagement of the fleets was "only a captains' battle."
He says that if special commendation is due any commander of any ship it is due to !
Lieut. Commander Wainright. !
He bases his decision on the testimony of the captadns written for magazines.
He concludes by saying: "Both Admiral Sampson and Admiral Schley are now on !
the retired list. In concluding their report the members of the court of inquiry, Admirals
Dewey, Benham and Ramsey, unite in stating that they recommend that no further action
be had in the matter. With this recommend ation I most heartily concur. There is no ex -
cuse whatever from either side for any further agitation of this unhappy controversy. To
keep it alive would merely do damage to the navy and to the country."
FROM THB GLOBE DIHEAV,
Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Feb. 19.—Presi
dent Roosevelt announced his decision to
night on the appeal of Admiral Schley
from the findings cf the court of in
quiry. The pres'dent approves all thle
court's condemnations of the admiral and
goes further.
He condemns Sampson for not having
condemned Schley earlier and then con
demns Schley for the loop of the Brook
lyn.
Hi finds that the command of Sampson
was only technical and nominal.
He finds that Schley was no-"more in
command than was Sampson.
He says that Sampson should have been
ent>!ed to some little credit above the
individual captains for work done previ
ous to the battle In organizing the block
ade, but the victory ..itself he creditß en
tirely to th<e captains.
He says Schley, as commander of the
Brooklyn, cid about as well as the other
caiptains, his only mistake being the
"loop" which caused the Brooklyn to lose
position and headway.
Greatest praise, if any be due. President
Roosevelt thinks, should have been given
to Wainwright, who took his unpro
tected ship into the range of the forts
and the enemies ships and did unquiescion
able damage to the enemy at greater risk
to himself and his vessel timn that fell
to any other ship of the fleet.
Next to Wainwright, the president com
mends Captain Clark, of the Oregon.
Schley's retrograde movements he con
siders worthy of reproof. In answer,
therefore, to the question raised as to
who was in command, the president re
plies that dt does not matter.
As to Schley's conduct before the bat
tle he agrees that It was wrong, but he
expresses the opinion that the contro
versy should be dropped.
The full text of President Roosvelt's
decision is as follows:
"I have received the appeal of Admiral
Schley and the answer thereto from the
navy department. I have examined both
with the utmost care, as well as the
preceding appeal to the secretary of the
navy. I have read through all the tes
timony taken before the court and the
statements of the counsel for Admirals
Sampson and Schley; have examined all
the official reports of every kind In refer
ence to the Santiago naval campaign,
copies of the logbooks and signal books,
and the testimony before the court ,of
claims, and have also personally had be
fore me the four surviving captain® of
the five ships, aside from those of the
two admirals, wiiich were actively en
gaged at Santia.go.
"It appears that the court of inquiry
was unanimous in Its findings of fact,
and unanimous in its expressions of opin
ion on most of its findings of fact. No
appeal is made to me from the verdict of
the court on these points; where it was
unanimous. T have, however, gone care
fully over the evidence on these points
also. It am satisfied that on the whole
the court did substantial justice. It
should have specifically condemned the
failure to enforce an efficient night
blockade at Santiago while Admiral
Schley was in command. On the other
hand I feel that there Is a reasonable
doubt whether he did not move his
squadron with Fiifficfent expedition from
port to port. The court is a unit in con
demning 1 Admiral Schley's action on the
point where it seems to me he most
gravely erred; his "retrograde move
ment," when he abandoned the block
ade —and his disobedience of orders, and
mis-statement of facts in relation there
to.
FIND'S ANY DEFAULT
CONDONED BY A LAPSE.
"It should. be remembered, however,
that the majority of these actions which
the court censures, occurred five weeks
or more before the fight itself; and it cer
tainly seems that if Admiral Schley's ac
tions were censurable, he should not have
been left as second in command under
Admiral Sampson. His offenses were in
effect condoned when he was not called
to account for them. Admiral Sampson
after the fight, in an official letter to the
department, alluded for the first time to
Admira.l Schley's "reprehensible, con
duct^ six weeks previously.
"If Admiral Schley was guilty of repre
hensible conduct of a kind which called
for such notice from Admiral Sampson,
then Admiral Sampson ought not to have
left him as senior officer of the blockad
ing squadron on the 3d of July, when he ,
(Sampson) steamed away on hi s proper
PRICE TWO CENTS— {Sm^lSih
errand of communication with Gen.
Shafter.
"We can, therefore, for our present
purposes, dismiss consideration of so
much of the appeal as relates to anything
except the battle. As regards this, the
point raised in the appeal Is between Ad
miral Sampson and Admiral Schle , as
to which was in command, and as to
which was entitled to the credit, if either
of them was really entitled to any un
usual and pre-eminent credit by any spe
cinl exhibition of genius, skill and
courage.
"The court could have considered both
of these but as a ma-tt«r of
fact, it unanimously excluded evidence
offered upon them, and through Its pres
ident, announced its refusal to hear Ad
miral Sampson's side at all; and in view
of such exclusion the majority of the
court acted with entire propriety in not
expressing any opinion on these points.
DECIDES, HE SAYS, AFTER
LONG STITHY OF CASE.
"The matter has, however, been raised
by the president of the court. Moreover,
jit is the point upon which Admiral
I Schley In his appeal laid most stress,
and which he especially asks me to
consider. I have, therefore, carefully in
vestigated this matter also, and have
informed myself upon* it from the best
sources of information at my command.
"The appeal of Admiral Schley to me
Is not as to this. The chief point he
raises is not really an appeal from the
decision of the court of inquiry. Five
sixths of the appeal is devoted to this
question of command and credit; that
is to the matter which the court, of in
quiry did not consider. It is in effect an
appeal from the action of President Mc-
Kinley three years ago, when he sent
In the recommendations for promotion
for the various officers connected with
the Santiago squadron, basing these rec
ommendations upon his estimate of the
credit to which the officers were resnec
-1 tively entitled.
"What I have to decide, therefore, is
whether or not President McKinlev did
injustice in the matter. This necessarily
involves a comparison of the actions of
the different commanders engaged. The
exhaustive official reports of the action
leave little to be brought out anew; but
as the question of Admiral Sampson's
right to be considered in chief command
which was determined in his fvor by
President McKlnley, and later by the
court of claims, has never hitherto been
officially raised, I deem it best to secure
statements of the commanders of the
five ships (other than the Brooklyn and
New York, the flagships of the two ad
mirals) which were actively engaged in
the fight.
QUOTES THE REPORTS
OF THE CAPTAJ\S.
"Admiral Philip is dead. I quote ex
tracts from his magazine article oh the
fight, written immediately after it oc
curred, closing with an extract from his
letter to the secretary of the navy of
Feb. 27. 1899:
"It was the blockade that made the
battle possible. The battle was a direct
consequence of the blockade and upon the
method and effectiveness of the blockade
was very largely dependent the issue of
the battle. * ♦ ♦ Under the orders of
Admiral Sampson the blockade was con
ducted "with a success exemplified by the
result. * • ♦ When the Spanish admiral
at last made his dash to escape we were
ready—ready with our men, with our
guns, and with our engines^. ♦ ♦ • It
was only a few minutes after we had
seen the leader of the advancing squad
ron that it became apparent that Cer
vera'e plan was to run his ships in col
umn westward in an effort to escape.
• • * Before he had fairly found him
self outside the Morro. the entire block
ading squadron—lndiana, Oregon. lowa,
Brooklyn and Texas—was pumping shell
into him at such- a rate as virtually to
decide the issue of the battle in the first
few moments. All our ships had closed
in simultaneously.
"• • • Then occurred the incident
whitih caused me for a moment more
alarm than anything Cervera did that
day. * * * Suddenly a whiff of breeze
and a lull in the firing lifted the pall,
and there, bearing toward us and across
our bow 9, turning on her port helm, with
big waves curling over her bows and
great columns of black smoke pouring
from her funnels, was the Brooklyn. She
looked as big as half a dozen Great East
erns, and seemed so near that it took our
breath away. 'Back both engines hard'
went down the tube to the astonished en
gineers, and in a twinkling the old ship
was racing against herself. The collision
which seemed imminent, even if it was
not. was averted, and -as the big cruiser
glided past, all of us on the bridge gave
a sigh, of relief. Had the Brooklyn struck
us then it would probably have bees the
end of the Texas and her half thousand
men.
PHILLIPS FOUND SAMPSON
> COMMA IX-C Hll3 F.
■'■"* . * • At 9:50 (the Spanish ships had
appeared at about ' 9:30.) * *:f» The
lowa Oregon and Texas were pretty weir
bunched, holding a parallel course-west
ward •: with the i Spaniards. The .Indiana
was coming up, well,inside of the others
of our squadrons, but a little in the rear "
owing to her far eastward position at ■.
starting. : : * *i* About 10:15 th« Teresa
which had been In difficulty from the •
moment she left the shelter of the Morro,
turned to seek a beaching place. She
was on fire and we knew that she was
no longer a quantity to be reckoned with.
Five minutes : later, our special enemy,
the Oquendo, also turned in-shore.
"*-*: •• The vizcaya kept blazing away
viciously, but th pounding she got from
our four ships;, more particularly the Or
egon, was too much for her, and in half
an hour she too headed for the beach.
•^ • • I determined to push on with the
Texas. •, • ♦ It gives me : pleasure; to
be able to write that, old ship as she is,
■ and : not built for speed, v the Texas held
her own, and even gained on the Colon
in that chase. i- - - =-„ , \. -.« .;■; .^- -
: "'* :*-.■'*. Admiral Sampson was com*
mander-in-chief -before," during and;after
thei action.' '>:<■...:.. -;.. ...
' Capt. Clark's statement is as,follows:
" 'The credit for ■ the blockade, which
led up to the fight, is, of course. Admiral
-Sampson's.- The position of the ships en
the morning of the fight, in a semi-circle
head onto the harbor, in consequence of
.which we were " able to close in at once,
was his. In closing in, that is, in 4making
the first movements, we were obeying his
instructions; though, as a. matter of fact,
we would have all closed jn anyway, in
structions or no instructions.
" 'When the, Spanish ships came out of
the ; harbor, the navigator of my - ship
saw the New York to the eastward, but
I received' no signal of any kind from
the New York during the action, nor was
she near \ enough to signal directly to -me
until after the Colon surrendered. ■
"'The engagement may be said to have,
been divided into \ three parts: First, the
fight proper, while the Spanish squadron*
was coming out of the harbor, and until
It was clear of the Diamond and
definitely, headed westward; second, the
running fight with the already damaged
vessels as ■ they fled westward, until the
Teresa, ; Oquendo and -.v..Vizcaya* >> ran
ashore; and third, the chase of .the Colon,
during which there, was -practically ■'.. no
I fighting. During the first stage I did not
I see the Brooklyn or receive any signals,
from her.--."• .7
_■ " 'At the close of this stage the Oregon
had . passed the lowa and - Texas, and
when we burst out of the-smoke" I saw
the four £; Spanish ships going.: west, ap
parently iuninjured, and: followed .« hard
after, at the same time . observing . the
Brooklyn a little ahead' and off ' shore.
PHILLIPS THOUGHT SCHLEY' -*""1 j
ACTUALLY IX COMMASf).
" 'She. was - broadside to the Spanish
vessels, and wa.s receiving the weight - of
their - fire, - and was returning it. " The
Brooklyn and the Oregon *■ thereafter: oc
cupied substantially these positions as
regards . each " other," being • about *; equi
: distant from ' the • Spanish ; ships as ■ we
successfully - overtook them, except wheu
the Oregon attempted to close with the
Oquendo. -: The. heaviest-fighting was at
, the i harbor mouth and while the : .enemy
was (breaking through or passing our line.
* Not; long after the running fight- began -
the Teresa,- and then the Oquendo, turn
ed ;and ~ v/ent;ashore,'the Vizcaya . contin
'■ uing i some - distance • farther before '-she
also was beached. Throughout the run
ning light, the Brooklyn and Oregon were i
both" hotly engaged," being • ahead of • any
■of - our other: ships; and we then consti
tuted the western and what I regard, aa
the then fighting division of our fleet. „
'.'.'l considered Commodore Schley ; in re-.
sponsible . command during ; this running;
'; fight : and • chase •so .- far as . I ; was ' concern-:
ed, and acknowledged and repeated a
; signal* he had flying for - close. action or
something of the kind. As, howevertT
the problem was perfectly simple, name
ly, to pursue , the ■■ Spanish ships as I had
; been : doing before, : I saw . the i Brooklyn,
;he ; did • not as a matter of fact exercise
any control over any movement or action
of the Oregon, nor didl I perform any ac
tion of any kind : whatever in 7'obedience .
to i any order; from the , Brooklyn, neither
as to my :- course nor . as: to my speed,
nor as to my gun fire, during the fight or
chase. ,':.-: r;;:'-.^-;;- v--:'.:-■...- ■ ':\:^_ \
...■:." The Oregon always had fires under all
. her .boilers. 7 In spite; of speed shown by
the % Oregon 1 in.' this .• fight, r she; : had '- not
been and •is not classed ':. as the fastest .
ship; ". but during ■ all ; her service, in ; order
that . no i scale should"form in them, :. not
cne .of our boilers was used for con-
I; Continued on Thlr* Futf«. ".} '

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