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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, May 25, 1902, Image 23

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1902-05-25/ed-1/seq-23/

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InitlJiJLUlllJPl 23 to 30
VOL. XXV.—NO. 145.
THIS YEAR BREAKS
IMMIGRATION RECORDS
More Than 73,000 Foreigners En
tered New York Harbor in
the Month of April
6,213 GOME IN ON THE-THIRDT OF MAY
The Figures for the Month Pretty Sure to
Break Those of Last—Many Finns
Among the Newcomers.
Special to the Globo.
NEW YORK, May 24.-^Unl'-'s
there should be an unexpect
ed and highly improbable
slump, all immigration records
are bound to be broken this year. Both
the daily and monthly records have been
broken already, as a matter of fact, so
that only the yearly record stands.
The monthly record was broken in
April, When 73,667 foreigners (steerage
passengers, not citizens) passed through
the nation's gate on the bit of land
termed Ellis island in the harbor of New
York The daily record was broken on
Saturday. May 3, When 6,213 men, women
and children from almost every country
In Europe, as well as T. few from Asia
ami Africa, .stopped foot on American
soil for the first time. The burning of
the records a few years ago with the
flimsey wooden buildings in which the
United States first received immigrants
on Ellis island, precludes accurate com
parison with earlier figures, but it is
distinctly remembered by the inspectors
that never before was there such a
hu-stling there, and never wfre so many
passed in one day as on the first Satur-
In May, 1902. The heaviest month
previous to April of this year since the
government lias had charge of the New
York Immigration station, was exactly ten
i earlier, in April, 1892, when the
number coming in was 69,000. On the
first nine days of this month 24,096 were
landed, or at the rate of more than 80,000
ior the month.
Onr Prosperity Attracts.
Some notion of the great increase this
yiar, thus far, over recent years, may
be gained from the following figures: In
107 the total for the year was 142,400; in
1888, 200,902; In 1599, 278,846; in 1900, 367,440;
in 1901, 408,226.
After 1892, when times in America were
reported bard in Europe, immigration
fell off signally, to Increase from 1897
to the present, slowly at first, but stead
ily, and more recently .by leaps and
■bounds. The poor and discouraged in
Europe, those for whom there is no place
and no comfort at home, have heard of
Uncle Sam's prosperity and are now
hastening to these shores as fast as they
can raise the money to come and steam
can bring them hither.
The present high tide of immigration is
&ure to keep up, too-, as long as the
country's prosperity is the wonder of the
whole earth. There is a common belief
that immigration figures reach the maxi
mum in ten-year periods, but this is not
co—the tide is governed almost wholly
by the rise and fall of our material pros
perity. The prosperity of Europe may be
supposed to have something to do with
it, and, perhaps, in a measure it has,
but less than you would imagine, for
though Germany is anything but pros
pi rous, now, industrially, the --.migra
tion of Germans to the United States at
this time is small, whereas it used to be
enormous.
Immigration < liiumon.
In fact there has ben a great change
in the character of the foreigners who
come here in search of fortune. In place
of the hearty Irishman who develops
better under the Stars and Stripes than
anywhere else on earth, the sturdy Ger
man, who has made himself an important
factor in American life, and the fair
haired Scandinavian, hard working, fru
gal, and a genuine acquisition, we have
now an excess of Poles and Slovaks from
Austria and Russia, and Italians.
The first two of these may be placed
m X / M Si
19 W • si
FLOWER FROM ITALIAN SWITZERLAND.
Copyright by Joseph H. Adams, New Yorfc
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
in one class as against the Italians —
last year there were 60,000 of the former
and 56,000 of the latter. The total im
migration this year to date has been
about 202,000, more than half the grand
total of last year. It is hardly necessary
to say that there is no comparison be
tween the German and Irish immigrants
of other years and the Polish, Slovak
and Italian immigrants of the present,
ifi physical appearance and vigor the
nun and women from Northern Europe
outmatch the others almost two to one.
PROM THE SOUTH OF EUROPE.
Copyright by Joseph H. Adams, New York.
As material from which American citi
zens are made the disparity Is still great
er. Nearly all the t German and Irish
came hero to stay; nearly all the Poles,
Slovaks and Italians come here to re
main only till they can get enough
nicney together to go back and live on
the proceeds of their savings or the
produce of the little farms these savings
will buy. Of late years, indeed, immi
grants of these classes—the Italians more
particularly—go back home winters and
stend the earnings of the summers, thus
draining the country annually of dollars
by the millions, instead of adding to the
national wealth as did' the earlier new
comers from Germany and the Emerald
Isle.
It Is not too much to say that thous-
SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 25, 1902.—THIRTY PAGES.
ands of what those who amass them
term- fortunes, are got together in this
country every year by European laborers
to be spent in the Old World.
The average Pole, Slovak or Italian
■will save from $200 to J2BO in a year, an 4
in five years will have got together, say,
two thousand good American 'dollars.
Everything considered—purchasing pow
er, etc.—this money is worth two and
one-half times as much at home to the
Pole or Slovak, and five times as mixed
to the Italian as it would be here, so
that there is small wonder that both
Poles, Slovaks and Italians," besides those
of many other nationalities, prefer to
spend their savings on their native soil,
where they can make the most of them.
That Ireland is more prosperous than
in rformer years is given as the reason
for the decreased Irish immigration—any
way the good old days when a ship load
of deep-chesteds rosy lassies from the
green island was no novelty at the immi-
Rration station have passed, and, appar
ently, forever. Irish women are going
'home to stay, .by the thousands now-a
days, as the public prints announce every
once in a while; possibly more are leav
ing America than are coming, but there
is no way of determining this. No
records are kept of outgoing steerage
passengers—besides not all the Irish
women who came here by way of^thc
steerage ro home as they came.
With {he Germans it is different^ The
drop in immigration from the kaiser's
domains is largely due to the kaiser's
government It has devised many re
strictive laws which make it difficult to
leave the Fatherland for America. Be
sides, weighty inducements to settle in
German colonies are put forward to
those who'think they must seek their
fortune abroad. They are exempt from
military service, for one thing j yet may
retain their Germaa citizenship, and this
is only one of the inducements which
seem worth While to the Teuton who be
lieves he can better himself by leaving
home.
Son-Prodnetive Immigrants.
However undesirable from the stand
point of citizenship the Italian, the Slav
or the Pole may be, because he doesn't
intend to remain in this country, there
are two other classes of immigrants now
coming here who are undesirable because
they are non-producers almost to a man.
These are the Assyrians and the
Greeks. Men of both these nationalities
prefer commercial life to productive toil.
They come here with enough money to
in.sure landing, almost invariably, but
few of them have trades and they go to
peddling, or become petty merchants of
some sort. The Greeks are almost all
fruit dealers, while the Assyrians sell
Oriental fabrics, such as rugs, and other
wares. The Assyrian colony In New
York is one of the institutions of the
metropolis now, the southern end of
Greenwich street, which was formerly
almost Hibernian, being now almost all
Assyrian.
It is the Turk who has sent both
Greeks and Assyrians here. The As
syrians, who are Turkish subjects, come
because the sultan's government is treat
ing them with more and more severity
every year, while the Greeks have had
an ever increasing fondness for America
ever since the Graeco-Turkish war.
Curiously enough, the Armenians,
another non-producing class, have almost
ceased to come to America. Greeks,
Armenians and Assyrians alike are
singularly non-progressive, yet they are
among the most nervous and hysterical
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The Future
The F«ct That
St. Jacobs Oil
4
Has cured thousands c? cases of
Rheumatism, Gout, Lumbago,
Neuralgia, f Sciatica, Sprains,
Bruises and other bodily aches
and pains is a g-uarantse that It
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magic.
Conquers Pain
Price, 25c and 50c.
BOLD BY ALL DEALERS IN 24EDICINK.
I Five Combination Bargain Bed Outfits I
S; COMBINATION No.: I COMBINATION No. 3. COMBINATION No. 3. ' COIIBINATION No. 4. COMBINATION No. 5. £5
J^ . $8.50 Outfit for $5.35. Si oo Outfit for $7.15. $15.00 Outfit for $9.50. $17. Outfit for $0.85. $23.00 Outfit for $13.50. j2
§:; Fancy Enameled Steel Bed Enameled Steel Bed brass Heavy Steel Bed, reinforced ■ Heavy Steel Bed, reinforced Heavy steel bed, reinforced *>
® heavy woven wire sprins? mat- kro^s heavy woven wire f nela .iro" rails, posts near- angle iron side rails, latest de- angle iron side rails, latest de- £}
ir««\J*i™ tv S 1 ■ 7 ly an inch thick, latest designs signs of continuous post effects signs continuous oost effects; ?i
: iresssonrop. me entire out- spring, hair top mattress. of continuous post effects.hair- with brass rosettss and brass bar: heavy wov-n wire SDrint? *%S
/m.: fUfOr ;- J^ ! :::,rr: The entire outfit for top mattress. The entire out- tttJS'£SO£*SZ£ white hair mattress, A 6. A. £k
1 $5.25 $7.15 $9.50 $9.85 $13.6© I
fes •-' ■ „.• .. .; -'_ r- : ; — : ■ —.—— : — - >_ rb
5 rhV,' 2R*th*rr ilO'l 5> 22*28[n' fiQp $3 Pillows-Prime geese feathers **O «|= . $12 Black >lair Mattress, &Q f»«» !£g
Qk ; ches, weight 3/2 pounds each ......... O«9(j> and down, 22x28: excellent stock.. 3*fi-.1c2 fancy art tick. Special *g}Ofc«lo : lB
S. ' : $7.-50 and Felt Mattress, $5. $3.50 Buffalo Fibre Mattress, 52.49. $4.00 Fibre and Cotton Mattress. 53. 15. | ©
1 WONDERFUL STEEL BED BARGAINS. 1
5Z " Ko. 1710 ' Ko- 1715-16 -^-^/7rV-v
1? I^^CmD - Heavy Steel Bed— " Extra Heavy Steel f &$ Jl 2?
S ' i^SS^ffE^L^ /^^/v^ iron ends and side rails, sign in continuous post k^^g^H^, . -/^&^ft 5^
2^ 'rawS^^^^^'fcr^^l/i i latest design continuous effects; to appreciate SsT^^rr^^^^jU HT^"! Q
:^^lliPml^^^^W^ffl always ble^'sold^for '; see it. Always been '/. , Ls^P^^l
?k •■■ |j||^s| iM^jj^^^. ' Two-Burner Low ,A l Shavers tgo I
$ Afoot. -..j./. .SJo W^z^^Fr.\^2>^\i t •a.0.m.«.v.5. '-^ Rb re ,s.::::::::::::::;9o g
» J- • -.g/ : . ■ ?- (ri fifSiif M, y'li" )fl Two-burner Low Junior. W^ Neverbreak Spiders 27c 5?
S ~ ~~ 'l^^f^^]£^ji <&** QQ F Alarm Clock. 59c ©
5^ TuEnblcrs. EV^^^ y Water Pitcher.. .. g ©
1^ Each .W.... 140 . . . We are . ] I ! * g C Cft
§— H. : — Plat© Basks." S^hf 11*B^^^^^ 103-pce English Service) CO no Jg
S Lawn Mowers. £*..-> Fh^^S "' ' * M'BB S
g. — $2.89 fI Si otliS?.^4BG E»,rnr Tie? Porcelain ;.:}55.98 s
X [■■ :?V1^""-;... ~3 Refrigerators and Ice Boxes. Solid «3ig3Sß&»sp» «
7t <^t§:^^^^^^^>3*^^" be !ifted cm and Jfeadily cleaned as often as found |&^^^ra French GSsS^|^^-=« @
>& "^ 53-^^" ' necessary. We have no room to give all the gocd | '^i^!| %s shaDed li tl V *n
® : ' points of these refrigerators. Come in and look them a l^llaW?iB 1 & f[ \ \ S
@ Hanußßiocks. over. - Wssos egSr / jj * \ c*
0 A manufacturer's entire sample RofHgeratOPS fPOIII $7.95 lip. V «^^^g VQ A II 2^
L* line. Prices begin at 800 up to $5- Our Line of Gurney White Enamel Refrljeratora. \^^^ JW' fl«fC ■ . S
S ——-^--- S»
mH " S" is " aas^a" * ,'*-■■.■ , .-■ _■ ' irißKrc 5t
rk If ! gffi fflin M jßft h| ■ H i"'''^' *4 W'th every CASH purchase of £^
'I "-J raHfl fl| aJy ■ral^l $10 and over we will give FREE rfc
rtk 'mLJA MB H Thermometer and Barometer. 1 5
7k JbS^^^Bl^ - "* ™ SHH SHB L&tii^ IH w^° make the United States £fc
® xi^TlffJ^^rvl -^atl^, '■ •'' ' * ''-' 'r-%':'■;":"": Covernment instruments. £j£
S Hos ß Bee! and Nozzle |J| UD d U UOl UIJ. «
fen The outfit Includes- 50 feet of tf^ /f^ fi*?\ JB oi /Rfc ■ ■ ■ ' ■ COUChs». na
» igar^yp; 1^reelarfd 398-410 Jackson Street. From $4.95 to $6©
people in the whole world. They are
seldom detained because of violating the
contract labor law, fbut often because of
ccntagious of dangerous disease. This is
most often true of the Assyrians, who
are frequently afflicted with trachoma,
or, as they term J-. at the immigration
pa^^C^JMagjcjSSgj^-' 1 <i*jg»<^^-v;': i ■■' j**' ■■ ■"■■■■■ ■ ■ ■■■■■■■ *%t^***/ ...:. " ■ ■"■■■ :■- ■■ ■■ ■jpx*" •'~\-' , -"•/• &. ."'"■';■''' '^ '■ ' ■■'• ■
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Wri'^mwnrwr' iiHr IW : - ' '^M
Z FINNISH BLOSSOM.
Copyright by Joseph H. Adams, New York.
bureau; '-the Egyptian eye." It Js
caused, so rumor states, by the fine sand
of the semi-arid laads from which they
come getting between the »llds and the
eyeball, where it «ets up an irritation
whioh becomes chronic and often causes
total blindness. It is very painful, and is
pi enounced exceedingly contagious.
Finns Are Coming- Flint.
The Finlanders, who are coming much
more numerously than ever before—their
annual immigration having grown from
2,000 to 10,000 in three years-unlike the
classes just mentioned, are industrious
and highly productive, and are likely to
remain here permanently, since to return
would be to place themselves in the pow-
er of the Bear of the North. Nearly all
of them go to th€ copper mines of Mipji-
igan and Montana, but many of these
who have been here some years are now
leaving the mines to become farmers.'
It goes without saying that the im
nrgrants to be seen in a body at the
immigration station today are by no
means equal in appearance to tha»e who
were to be seen there daily a decade or
two ago. Still there is occasionally a
well-built, deep-chested male specimen,
and here and there a. woman's face is
shown that makes the observer think
of a blooming rose or a graceful lily in
a garden overgrown with weeds.
SAYS ARCHIBALD
CUT A BOY'S THROAT
«f. Adam Bede, However, AnHcris
That the Doctor Did It to Save
Young' Barrett'* Life.
"Truth is sometimes stranger than fic
tion," Eaid J. Adiam Bede last night,
in from the congressional district which
now sterns to me his'n. "A few days ago
I noticed The Globe printed a story
told by Dr. Archibald about the Barrett
boys. Well, that story is true, even if
the throat-cutting operation for the
croup part of it is doubted, as one man
said today. But that part is true, too.
I was printing a paper at Tabor, in lowa,
at that time, over a Quarter of a oen
tury ago—and you don't take me to be
that old—well, I feel young and am rather
ycung looking, a fact due to my very
proper way of living; but I am old
enough, or will be In time, to be sworn
in as a member of the Fifty-eighth con
gress. As your story goes, I wa.s can
vassing for subscribers for my little Ta
bor newspaper and stopped one afternoon
at the Barrett's, a farmer's family living
on the Missouri river bottoms. One of the
children was down with croup, and was
fairly gasping for breath. The mother
did not seem to consider it a very ferfous
case, Tout I did, and volunteered" "to go
out of my way to Glenwood for a doc
tor. I reached there in the evening, and
by chance, called on Dr. Archibald', who
had recently opened an office. He hur
ried away through the darkness and
saved the child's life by cutting Its throat,
as I learned later on my way back home,
when the mother told me of the risk to
>frfcich the doctor had subjected her child.
Had I thought the boy was to grow up
to be hanged I should have called help
just the same and postponed the natural
exit from life for the artificial method.
While there's life there is hope.
"Had he and his brother stayed in
Icwa, instead of coming to Minnesota, as
Dr. Archibald and I did, they might have
been living today. However, an Interest
ing fact not stated by the doctor was
that a younger brother of the two unfor
tunates was an inmate of the asylum
for fee ble-minded at Glenwood some
years later while Dr. Archibald was su
perintendent. This indicated a taint of
weakness or degeneracy in the family'
blood, and may make them less respon
sible for a deed which well Xtal.-.
minds look upon with horror—the killing
of a fellow man in cold blood."
■ 11 ™,Z
PRICE FIVE CENTS
SAFE SUBMARINE BOATS
EXPLOSION DAXCEKS Ann ItE-
GARDUD AS GREAT
Storage Batteries ami Baseline
Tank* Placed Close Together nail
Spark* From One Are Liable la
Ignite the Other*—Device Must lie
Made for Protection of I'iiil.
Srecial to The Globe.
WASHINGTON, D, C.;* May 25.-\Vhat T
la to be done to render submarine boats
safe—to prevent the constant danger of
explosion which at present menaces the
lives of their crev/s?
This problem has presented itself to ih'a
attention of the navy department for '..o
lution in a way that will not be denied;
recent disaster baa accentuated the im
perative necessity at protecting the lives
of those who, In the service of the ra
tion, go down under the sea in submarine
boats. . -
A carious inquiry is about to be insti
tuted into the whole matter, and it is
felt in official circles that now, at List,
something definite and practicable will
be done towards removing the omnloua
bugbear of service on a clasa of vessels
which are getting the reputation of being
\eritable death traps.
Either of two things will follow this
ccmlr.g inquiry; a plan v/il be formuiatcil
making the boats reasonably safe, or
submarine navigation will cease for th»
present to form a feature of our naval
programme. The boats will go, certainly,
into a temporary retirement. The sac
rifice of human life will not be continued
for the Hake of experimenting with a.
type of war vessel whose practical use
fulness sill remains a debatable question.
fit-vice In >UKKfilfil.
The main danger of these submarino
boots i-, in the present opinion of the de
partment, the ever present possibility of
the fuel carried aboard them exploding
without warring. The point Is, to remove
this danger by some device which will
enable the fuel.stored aboard to be pro
tected from the sparks from the boat's
storage battery.
Gasoline engines are now v=eri for 'he
motive power of submarine boats. Tllo
average marine torpedo boat carries 1,000
gallons of gasoline to supply its engines.
met imps naphtha Is carried instead.
This Is carried in tanks, and near to the
latter is placed the powerful storage bat
tery. Now the battery has a tendency
to emit sparks, leaping from cell to cell
and along the wires; and the diverse
electric attachments essential In &ucr»
eaten nre not covered but exposed, on all
these boat-. When the electric machln-,
<r> is working actively, there la a con
stant formation of sparks, causing a per
petual danger of exoloslon of the gaso
line tanks. The task before the navy de
rartment is to discoved a means of elim
inating this-peril to the lives of. tho
crew. In Russia the submarine boat ta
so far outlawed, on account ■• the dan
ger of carrying gatoline, no other avail
able motive power yet having beer foun£
for them. . —Frederick Watson.

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