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THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
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MONDAY, MAY 18, 1903.
TARIFF ISSUE IN ENGLAND.
Joseph Chamberlain has seen his opportunity to
thrust a rapier under the guard of Premier Balfour anjd
appeal to British interest against foreign competition in
the matter of the grain and flour tariff. Contrary to the
supposition of a day or so ago, it now seems quite likely
that the war tariff levied by the British government for
temporary purposes will be made to stick on protective
grounds after its revenue feature has disappeared.
Colonial Secretary Chamberlain's speech is cleverly
stated, without appearing to take issue with the long es
tablished British free trade policy. He calls up the flour
and grain tariff on the ground of imperial territorial pol
icy, instead of upon fiscal or economic grounds. As in
this country in 1861-5, the war and the policies growing
out of it arc made the foothold for the protective system.
The feature of Chamberlain's speech which specially
interests this country, and Minnesota in particular, is
where he intimated that Cobden and Bright never op
posed the use of the tariff for the purpose of uniting
Great Britain and her colonies by discriminating duties.
The significance of this utterance in connection with the
grain duties is this: That Chamberlain proposes to carry
out the protective programme of the British millers by
giving them free Canadian wheat, while taxing American
and Russian breadstufFs.
This is what the British board of agriculture sup
ports and what the newly organized British milling in
terests demand. Such a step would be one of the most
serious blows ever struck at the prosperity of the Min
nesota and Dakota wheat and flour industries. It would
mean the loss to the Northwestern miller of a market
for about 4,000,000 barrels of flour per annum, and the
cutting off of the best foreign market for the Minnesota
and Dakota farmer.
Chamberlain's plan appears to be supported by air
most the united British press. The London Times de
clares that Chamberlain has made against Balfour's un
satisfactory reply an appeal that cannot go unheeded.
The Standard declares the speech the starting point pf
a new political era. The Post indorses the programme
as on right lines. The Mail says the speech is far
reaching and strikes home. The Chronicle comments
upon the inability of the government to discern the cor
rect and courageous policy. The News predicts the dis
integration of the government party on the issue raised.
In other words, realizing that the defeat of reciproc
ity between the United States and Canada is Great Bri
tain's opportunity to cement trade relations between the
mother country and Canada, Chamberlain and the British
press are seizing upon their opportunity with avidity,
and British patriotic and selfish interest will probably in
sure the success of the enterprise. It is upon such trade
arrangements and tariff discrimination that the new
British milling combine probably relies for success
against Minnesota competition.
This is among the legitimate and logical fruits of
that narrow and hide-bound protective tariff policy whteh
insists upon a high tariff wall between the United States
and its nearby Canadian neighbors. It should be a spe
cial source of gratification to that Republican legislative
caucus in Minnesota, which voted against a memorial for
reciprocity with Canada.
The mere fact that the young men who were ex
perimented upon with adulterated foods and who sur
vived, even grew fat, during the operation, has not had
the effect of driving people to the grocery to buy canned
goods marked "impure and adulterated."
THE PASSING OF SENTIMENT.
Which sex possesses sentiment? Not the feminine
gex, surely. The other day in Jersey City—the Jersey
City famed in song as the abiding place of true love—a
couple came before a justice to be married. Before the
justice had an opportunity to put the usual questions
the bride demanded of the groom whether or not he had
made his will. He replied in the negative. Then she
flatly refused to wed until he had done so, explaining to
the justice that life was altogether too uncertain to per
mit of any risks.
Then there's that New York woman who put down
in a neat little book every kiss her lover gave her and
who, when he had grown tired of her, presented the
sum total to a magistrate with a demand for $5,000.
One might cite other instances. The newspapers are
filled with them. But these two will suffice. They show
that no worm in the bud is allowed to feed on damask
cheeks nowadays. Damask cheeks must be preserved,
for they've been known to influence juries. And a fat
\-erdict will compensate nowadays for the most blighted
life. Is this lack of sentiment something new? Not at
all. Formerly, there was lack of courage which prevent
ed the lack of sentiment from coming to the fore. But mod
ern life has banished coyness and the hard-headed thrift
which it concealed is revealing itself. This is why the
Dodos have succeeded the Amelias in fiction, the Julies,
the Juliets. And is sentiment to vanish from the w rorld?
'Not while the old bachelor lives. The modern girl may
display with glee her collection of solitaires, but treas
ured away in an inside pocket or a bottom drawer is the
old bachelor's keepsake, a worn glove or a faded rose.
For it is the old bachelor that always has been and al
ways will be the creature of sentiment.
A carpenter has set up a claim to the title of the
Duke of Portland. His ambitions were turned to the
peerage by a term as walking delegate of the union.
SCIENCE IN ANIMALS' EYES.
Many things have been discovered in the human
eye. Heaven, for instance, though this discovery, made
first by a poet, has been accepted only by others quite
as mad. Moreover, orthodoxy has never countenanced
it. Others claim that all the beauty in the world lies
there, though this, too, was, in the beginning, the as
sumption of a rhymster, bred of fancy rather' than of
But if the discoveries in the human eye remain un
substantiated the revelation of the eyes of animals seems
likely to give birth to a new science. For many years
European scientists have been examining the backs of
the eyes of animals. From time to time they have pub
lished results and just recently has come the announce
ment that these observations are likely to furnish the
one perfect method of animal classification.
In a few cases the published results have been dis-
concerting as when were were assured that the ape's eye
most closely resembles in general formation our own
optic. Sometimes they have been startling, as in the
case of the jumping hare, who, it seems, is not a hare at
all, but an imposter. Your true hare, according to the
new science, has the interior of his eye done in pure ver
million, while Mr. Jumping Hare's optic shows a color
scheme of red and green.
The optic disc of one animal, only, refuses to betray
secrets. If the echida has had a past, the ophtalmo
scope has failed to disclose it. However, being the least
of animals, it is not probable that its refusal to do so
will interfere seriously with the progress of the new sci
ence. And the unprejudiced will rejoice at this in spite
of the revelations made by the ape's optic. For we may
say of the new science what the old Northumbrian chief
once said of a new doctrine, "if it may teach us some
what of greater certainty, it were well that we should re
A man made a speech at Ann Arbor the other day
in which he declared that Chicago is not tough nor in any
sense possessing the qualities of the frontier town. The
latter part of the statement will be accepted without
question by the man from the "frontier town" who re
gards it his first duty to himself on striking Chicago to
hide his wad under the sidewalk.
HIGH SCHOOL EFFICIENCY.
Congressman Tawney, of Winona, is greatly cha
grined at receiving notice from the naval academy at
Annapolis, that three young men, two from the Winona
high school and one from the Wabasha institution, have
failed to pass their examinations in elementary school
"This makes no less than eight young men I have ap
pointed to Annapolis and West Point who were grad
uates of high schools or in the graduating classes, who
have failed in passing the examinations in those elemen
tary studies," declares the First district congressman.
"This fact is rather a sad commentary upon the system
of cramming which at present prevails not only in the
VVinona high school, but in others as well."
Continuing, Mr. Tawney caustically remarks: "In
my opinion, which is based on my experience, the chances
of passing the Annapolis and West Point examinations
would be much increased if the applicants were now or
had been attending country schools or graded schools in
Congressman Tawney undoubtedly has had an un
usually hard experience. There are a number of cases
where the Minnesota high school candidate at Annapolis
and West Point has stood among the first or at the very
top of the list. St. Paul, Minneapolis and Owatonna
high schools have made such records within compar
atively recent recollection.
At the same time, there is ground enough for the
criticism, that the school tendency of the past dozen
years has been in the direction of a smattering of a lot
of subjects more or less interesting and important, to
the neglect of the elementary essentials. If the three
"Rs" are neglected, the pupil has a loose and insecure
foundation for the entire superstructure and his chances
for failure in business and professional life are radically
Mr. Tawney is probably in error, however, in credit
ing the errors of our school tendency largely or chiefly
to high schools. The slimsy work in the elementary
branches was done in the grades. If Mr. Tawney's eight
young men had learned their reading, writing, arithmetic,
geography, and history thoroughly in the grades, there
is nothing in the subsequent high school course to
weaken that knowledge. On the other hand, the subse
quent application and use of that elementary knowledge
in the high school course following would have strength
Confirmation of this fact is found in an interesting
channel. Two or three years ago the state passed a law
to strengthen and organize the grade teaching force of
Minnesota, particularly to raise the standard of country
and village teachers who had not received the benefits
of high school and normal training. To that end, all
grade and country school teachers in the state, outside
of the independent city districts, were required to pass
state examinations at the state capitol. It is an interest
ing fact, that not 60 per cent of the several thousand
teachers who took examinations during the first two
years of the law could pass satisfactory examinations in
the elementary branches which they were supposed to
be teaching the youth of the state.
The state examiners under whose markings this
work was conducted were to a large extent the experts
who annually pass upon the examination papers of the
high school graduates of the state under the direction of
the state high school board; and the universal verdict of
these experts was to the effect that the standard of high
school papers submitted to them was strikingly superior
to the examination papers that came from the country
teachers who not only had received grade and country
school instruction, but for the most part had taught in
grade and country schools as well.
There is a vast difference in the standards of dif
ferent Minnesota high schools, however, and a wide
margin of difference in the students in the same school.
Partisan politics and "political pulls" may likewise cut a
figure. Try a brainy young high school Democrat, Mr.
Blame Mothers of Kentucky.
According to a list in the possession of a citizen of
Jackson, Ky., Mr. Marcum, one of the leading lawyers of
the state, who was openly shot down recently, was the
thirty-eighth victim killed in feuds in Breathitt county
during the last eight months. What's the matter with
Kentucky? Although everybody in the county knows
who did this shooting nobody is arrested, nobody is in
dicted, nobody is punished. When lawyer Marcum was
shot his wife saturated her handkerchief with his blood,
remarking grimly: "I will keep it as a reminder to my
children of their duty until it is performed."' Their duty!
The duty of hiding in the bushes in order to shoot some
relative of their father's slayer, the duty of going back
two thousand years to the law of an eye for an eye, a life
for a life. When Kentucky mothers teach their sons
such "duties," when murderous hatred is handed down
through the mother's milk to succeeding generations—
That's what's the matter with Kentucky.—Kansas City
Why Corruption Thrives.
Pittsburg is not the only city with business men who
prefer government "bottomed on corruption" because
they profit by it, and who like to have a municipal or
legislative boss to deal with because through his instru
mentality they can secure the passage of ordinances and
laws granting them special privileges which but for boss
rule they could not get. There can be found in Chicago,
as in Pittsburg, men at the head of great corporations,
merchants, manufacturers and capitalists, who are indif
ferent to or opposed to reform in government, because
they think misgovernment is more to their pecuniary ad
A clergyman in Western New York has been medi
tating on the Burdick case and has finally reached the
conclusion that the entire blame is to be laid upon
women's clubs, which are, in his opinion, bringing about
the ruin of society. A good many evils have been charg
ed up to women's clubs, but this is the first time they
have been accused of encouraging murder.—lndianapolis
Should an Inspector Inspect?
The theory about Gen. Miles is exceedingly singu
lar. Although he was sent to the Philippines on an in
spection tour, objection now arises because he reported
what he saw and heard. The business of inspection is to
inspect, and then to tell the truth about it. But the other
idea is that an inspector should inspect and say nothing
the sf. P&XJI Globe, MONDAY, may i§, 1903
|: At St. Paul
i; *Theat»ers ||
"Are You a Mason?" at the Metro
If you enjoy embarrassing and funny
situations you wUI find plenty of them
in "Are You a Ji^aapn?" which opened
at the Metropolitan! theatdr last night
for a four-night engagement. Judging
from the hearty-applause given Rice
and Wise and th^lr company, St. Paul
theatergoers evidently appreciated the
comedy, which really is funny if non
To tell the story of the tribulations
that fall to the lot of the makfe-believe
Masons, takes three acts, filled with
action and humor. It is the funny
situations that captivate the audience,
and not the witty lines, for when it
comes down to it there was nothing
funny said. It was all acted.
In brief, the story of the comedy is
that Amos Bloodgood and his son-in
law, Frank Perry,. both deceive their
wives by telling them that they are
members of a Masonic lodge. Their
affiliation with the order is an excuse
for all short-comings. Neither is aware
that the other is shamming, so many
complicated situations follow. Several
auxiliaries are introduced to sharpen
the plot, and all add much to the amus
John C. Rice, as Frank Perry, the
gay son-in-law, took the part well. His
composure, when awkward situations
presented themselves, was natural and
pleasing. Equally good was Thomas
A. Wise, who assumed the role of Amos
Bloodgood, Perry's father-in-law. He
looked the part and also acted It.
The women of the company are well
selected. Mrs. Bloodgood and her trio
of daughters were a valuable auxiliary
to the comedy. Gertrude Whitty, as
Mrs. Bloodgood, a(MSC considerable to
the embarrassing/'siljuations, which oc
curred momentarily* Eva, Annie and
Lulu, Mrs. Bloodgoo4's daughter^ were
impersonated by Margaret Evans,
Hazel Chappie an,fl May Evelynne, and
all did creditable work. Margaret
Evans, as Eva, Perry's wife, was ex
John Hatton, the gentleman farmer,
who desired to become a Mason, as
protrayed by George Richards, was
amusing. He looked and acted the role
of the retired farmer. Ralph Yoerg,
as Ernest Morrison, a New York archi
tect, who finally straightened out the.
mix-up, pleased, though he did not put
a great deal of life into the character.
Edward Abeles, as. George Fisher,
Perry's friend, did well. As Panchon,
the cloak model, he was very funny.
The comedy is one of the most amus
ing that has been at the St. Paul
theaters for several months, and the
fair-sized audience at the Metropolitan
last nig-ht seemed to enjoy it thor
oughly. There will be three more even
ing performances and the usual
"The Gare bier's Daughter" at the
- ... t .Grand.
The Grand this week offers a nov
elty. It is a melodrama of the semi
extreme ty-ne th#J; is really good.
In short. "The Gambler's Daughter,"
which inaugurated the week at that
playhouse last night, is among the
best of its class that have appeared
at the Grand so far this season.
The name perhaps is enough to de
ter the skeptic, but l^he attraction has
a plot and it is iptelligently laid out.
What is more the players act and the
staging is worthy of Commendation.
The drama revels in ftmlls, but they
are not strained.
A wild panic on 'change in the Chi
cago Board of Trade is Eesponsible for
"A Gambler's Daughter," and this has
been supplemented bygone' of those
gilded palaces where faro and roulette
are the features.
The villain and his wife., .the - fair
owner of this' palace of infamy, plot
to ruin a prominent member of the
S"tock Exchange in the first act. They
accomplish it in v the second, send the
lover of the broker's daughter to pris
on in the third act and plan abduction
and murder in the fourth.
Here the villain falls a victim to his
own well laid plans, and right tri
umphs over trickery and deceit.
Miss Clara Thropp carries the bur
den of the story and she acquits her
self creditably. SQ Paul theater goers
once knew her as soubrette. She
has an excellent gfege presence and
this is supplemented with a natural
ness that is decidedly convincing. In
the role of an adventuress Fanny Ar
gyle contributed a characterization
that was of a hs?lrf order of merit,
while the Gladys : ( T3pyd of Miss Patti
Rosa was refreshing
The men of the* company are to be
commended. The .majority of the vil
lainy is centered i in' the character of
James Stetson, and 'the part has been
placed in capablel hfands. Arthur J.
Pickens certainly p(ays it in an ac
complished manner.. Benson Lamar,
James Norval and Walter Stanhope
are three of the cast who also con
tribute much to the merit of the at
An agreeable surprise is a trifle in
the line of vaudeville introduced in the
third act. Miss Patti Rosa and Miss
Marie Laurens and A. Foster contrib
ute to it, and their work last night
called for frequent encores. Perhaps
Minnesota —Rain Monday, cooler in west
and south portion. Tuesday rain and
colder; brisk south winds becoming north
Upper Michigan—Fair in east, showers
and cooler in west portion Monday. Tues
day rain and colder; fresh to brisk south
winds shifting to northwest.
Wisconsin—Showers Monday and Tues
day, colder Tuesday; brisk south winds.
lowa—Showers Monday, cooler in west
and central portions. Tuesday rain, cold
er in east portion.
Montana—Rain Monday, colder in
southeast portion, warmer in southwest
portion. Tuesday fair.
South Dakota—Rain and much colder
Monday. Tuesday fair in west, rain and
colder in east portion.
North Dakota—Rain and much colder
Monday. Tuesday fair, warmer in north
St. Paul —Yesterday's temperatures
taken by the United States weather bu
reau, St. Paul, W. H. Oliver, observer for
the twenty-four hours ended at 7 o'clock
last night—barometer porrected for tem
perature and elevatipn. Highest tempera
ture. 79; minimum temperature 63; aver
age temperature, 71; daily range 16"
barometer, 29.82; humidity, 70; precipita
tion, trace; 7 p. m. temperature, 72; 7 p.
m. wind, south; weather, cloudy.
Alpena 60 7fifMarquette ...74 78
Bismarck ....74 76jMJlwaukee G2 84
Buffalo 72 7K|Minnedosa ..!40 54
Boston 74 841 Montgomery 76 80
Calgary 32 32|Montreal 72 80
Cheyenne 4(5 60Nashvi!le ... 78 8>
Chicago ..,_...80 Ss'N«w Orleans 74 8'
Cincinnati ...80 B«|New York 70 74
Cleveland 80 B,2lNorfolk '*62 70
Davenport 78 .Si-Worth Platte .76 86
Dus Moines ..72 76|Gmaha 76 80
Detroit 76 78
Duluth 64 GGfPittsburg ... SO K*i
Edmonton 40 40iQu'Appel!e 34 44
Galveston 74 78iS. Francisco !58 62
Grand Haven .76 80 St. Louis 78 84
Green Bay ...72 81 St. Paul .'."' n 80
Helena 30 34|Salt Lake .. 50
Huron 82 82iSte. Marie ...68 82
Jacksonville .70 76' Washington 70 78
Kansas City ..74 82|Winnipeg ...."64 82
•Washington time (7 p. m. St. Paul).
Danger Gauge. Change in
St. Paul ......ft"*" Refo d 5-24H^
La Crosse ....12 10.1 : •s'£.
•Rise. '. , "-;; • ?"
the feature of this part of the attrac
tion was the singing of Marie Laurens.
Her part, that of a maid, was not such
as would invite comment, but when
she launched into song the audience
was with her. An operatic selection
and a ballad sung with exquisite
sweetness made her a decided favor
mplay ls well suPPUed with scen
ery. The features are a realistic scene
representing a broker's office and a
fashionable gambling parlor.
Trocadero Burlesquers at the Star.
The "New Trocadero Burlesquers"
opened a week's engagement at the
fctar theater yesterday. The com
pany is well balanced and the stag
ing is fair. The first part, entitled,
Prince Henry's Reception," included
a number of humorous situations. The
conceit of the burlesque, "The School
of Love," is rather original, but the
situations might be improved.
The Herbert brothers, acrobats, are
the strongest number of the olio.
John T. Powers and "The World's
Comedy Four," including Conlan,
Ward, Dobbs and Leigh, are fair.
Larry Smith and Mamie Champion,
though capable performers, appear in
an insipid sketch, replete with silly
nonsense. Kelly and Reno are enter
taining comedy acrobats. Carrie Mas
soney and Martha Habelman sing
Local theatergoers are more than
ordinarily interested in the coming of
Mrs. Leslie Carter to the Metropolitan
opera house, this city, next week with
a regular Saturday matinee and a
extra Wednesday afternoon perform
ance. Mrs. Carter will appear as La
dv Barry, the central figure of David
Belasco's successful play, "Dv Barry,"
which was given for 352 times in New
York and which has, thus far this
season, played engagements of eight
weeks in Boston and Chicago and six
weeks in Philadelphia.
Mrs. Carter has scored the most
distinct and artistic triumph of her
career of La dv Barry and her per
formance is said to be the most nota
ble effort of any English speaking ar
tiste of recent years. Certainly, it has
met with much superlative praise at
the hands of the principal dramatic
writers of the East, and inasmuch
as the same company that appeared
with Mrs. Carter during the metropol
itan run of "Dv Barry" will be see*
at the Metropolitan theater next week,
and as the original immense equip
ment of scenery will be utilized to
picture many of the most important
incidents in the career of the wonder
ful woman who fascinated King Louis
XV., and practically ruled his court
at Versailles, local patrons of the
playhouse are assured an entertain
ment of more than common merit. The
advance sale of seats for the week of
Mrs. Carter's performances in "Dv
Barry" will commence Thursday
morning. Mail orders will be received
in the meantime.
The talented young actress Miss
Nance O'Neil will appear at the Met
ropolitan opera house for a brief en
gagement of three nights and Satur
day matinee in four of her greatest
successes. Thursday night she will
appear in "Madga," Friday night in
"Elizabeth, Queen of England," Sat
urday matinee in "Camille," and Sat
urday evening in "The Jewess." The
sale of seats for Miss O'Neil's engage
ment at the Metropolitan will open
The Milwaukee Pabst Theater com
pany gave its second performance at
Mozart hall last evening. The produc
tion on this occasion was a very amus
ing country romance, "Hasemann's
The leading roles were in the hands
of Emma Brentano, Marianne Gonia,
Mathilde Dierks, A. Schumacher, L.
Kreiss, G. Hartzheim and B. Wenthaus,
all of whom assumed their respective
roles in a finished manner. The organ
ization is undoubtedly one of the very
best German companies ever seen in
St. Paul, and it is strange that the
German theater-going public should be
so chary of substantial appreciation.
The final performance will be on Wed
nesday evening, when the bill will be
"Sic Weiss Etwas."
At the Hotels
Those at the Ryan last night from
Northwestern states were: C. E.
Maitland, Denver, Col.; W. J. Knight,
Dubuque, Iowa; Horace B. West, Unit
ed States navy coasting service; C. E.
Reed, A. M. Harges and Miss Dacey,
Hastings, Minn.; H. J. Nettleson, Vir
ginia, Minn.; Lou Boone, Superior.
At the Windsor—J. W. Patterson,
Fort Wayne; George Carmichael, Bot
tineau, N. D.; Mrs. E. H. Walker, Lake
Geneva, Wis.; Grace Lehr, New Rich
mond; H. H. Gulstine, Modessa, N.
D.; A. G. Bernard, Cass Lake; George
Crane, Dubuque, lowa.
At the Merchants—J. H. McLaugh
lin, Fort Yates, N. D.; Ray Mahan and
G. W. Walker, West Superior, Wig.;
P. R, Walsh, Greenwood, Neb.; Charles
Schick, Davenport, Iowa; James Cor
bett. Mayville, N. D.; Mrs. J. W. Walk
er, Kalispell, Mont.; P. H. Stack, Oma
ha, Neb.; Vince H. Faben, Seattle; J.
R. Schwain, Elroy, Wis.; E. Martin,
Tripoli, Iowa; J. McGinnis and wife
Duluth, Minn.; William Butler, Butler;
Jacob Butler, Bristol; O. C. Blundell,
Itasca, Wis.; G. B. Burphie, Morris,
When Is a Woman Divorced?
To the Editor of The Globe.
On the fourth page of the\ issue of
Thursday, May 14, you ask:
"When is a woman divorced?"
It is not surprising that the mails
have not been burdened with replies
to your question, for public teachers—
much less the lay contingent—have
not yet began to think originally or
reason intelligently on this and kin
dred subjects. A careful student is
forced to the conclusion that so far as
the marriage relation is concerned we
are still in a state of abject and well
nigh hopeless barbarism.
Marriage is a relation or partner
ship, the very essence of which is
mutual attraction and voluntary con
sent, and when these are lacking the
copartnership is at an end, and a di
vorce—final and absolute—is in effect.
Lack of time and space will permit
only a vague reference to this very
vital and all-important subject, hence
I will limit myself to only two conclu
First—Marriage is strictly, solely
and essentially a human institution.
Notwithstanding all that is claimed
by the clergy, the fact remains that
Deity has never materialized at a
wedding in a manner to become re
sponsible for what these lovers may
do in their untried future, and so it is
better to charge up the "mistakes"' to
man's erring judgment than to accuse
divine wisdom of so much folly.
Second —It will be conceded that
people marry themselves and divorce
themselves, hence the couple is di
vorced long before the public is ad
vised of the situation. The court has
no more to do with divorcing a couple
than the clergyman has in marrying
them. Each act in a purely clerical
capacity and record what has already
taken place. w. W. C
GETS CAP OF POPE
Presentation Made to Countess Spot
tiswood Mackin, of St. Louis.
ROME, May 17.—The pope has sent
to Countess Spottlswood Mackin, of
St. Louis, Mo., one of his white caps as
a present for the academy of Nazareth,
Ky. The cap was presented to the
countess in the house of the mission
ary sisters of the Sacred Heart in the
presence of Cardinal Vincenzo Van
Stories They Tell
Friends of a certain St. Paul tem
perance worker wonder why she has
her initials painted in bold letters on a
small valise she generally carries.
Some time ago she was riding in a
crowded Seventh street car. Beside
her sat a young man, apparently a
drummer. When she entered the car
and took her seat she placed her small
valise beneath her seat. The car soon
filled up and the young 1 man sat down
He soon rose to leave the car and
was about to leave the seat when she
noticed he had in his hand a valise.
She grabbed his coat tail and he
"I beg your pardon, sir," she said,
"but you have my valise."
"You are mistaken, madam; this is
mine," ha replied, gently but firmly.
"No, sir, It is mine. I would know
it in a thousand. You shall not take
A lively wrangle followed, and the
car had reached the man's stopping
place. After waiting a few moments
the conductor rang and the car start
ed again. The argument was contin
ued. Soon a passenger in the opposite
seat called the attention of the man
and woman to the presence of another
valise similar to the one in contro
versy under the seat.
"That isn't mine," shrieked the
woman. "You have mine and I must
A spectator suggested that the
young man open the valise to settle
the trouble. He did so at once, reveal
ing a flask half full of whisky, a pack
of carls, several pipes and some neat
ly folded trousers. Then he looked at
ths woman and said with a malicious
"You are right, madam; it is yours!
I owe you a thousand apologies. Al
low me to—"
She did not wait for the rest. The
car had stopped, the gates were open
She seized the valise which she had
disclaimed and flounced off the car.
She had her initials painted on the
valise the . ame day.
"Give me a Seventh street transfer."
It was a prominent and successful
merchant in a small way who spoke.
The listener knew that the man was
returning to the store after his mid
day lunch, and he wondered why he
should ask for a transfer.
"You see," said the merchant, "when
I get back to the store my clerk goes
*.o dinner, and the transfer does for
his fare just as well as a nickel and
there are five cents saved."
GIVES RECORD OF
FRAUD IN GENERAL
Continued From First Page.
which afterward led to irregularities,
abuses extravagance and my removal
as an obstacle on June 30, 1899. Mr.
Shepherd, then chief of the salary and
allowance division of the postoffice de
partment, desired a file case for the
use of his office. His requisitions were
turned down by his superior officer.
Later vouchers were presented to me
for a file case accompanied by an al
lowance for .ts payment out of the
funds of the Washington office made
by Mr. Shepherd and signed by the
first assistant postmaster general. I
directed the contractor to obtain a
certificate of delivery of the goods.
Mr. Shepaerd refused to acknowledge
the receipt of the goods, fearing ex
posure during the audit of the vouch
ers, and I refused to pay for the case
until someone fathered the affair.
Soon after the McKinley administra
tion came into power the first assist
ant postmaster general sent his clerk
down to me with a voucher for a lump
sum of traveling, expenses, accompan
ied with an allowance for their pay
ment from the funds of the Washing
ton office. Such a demand was irreg
ular on its face. But the official be
came very angry at the idea of a mere
cashier attempting to make any sug
gestions to him, and refused to amend
and revise his voucher.
"The postmaster explained to him
that I had only asked for what was
required by the auditor and according
Making New Precedents.
"The postmaster, upon his return,
stated the official had said, 'Look here,
now, this is a new administration and
a new crowd and we intend to make
our own precedents.' The auditor of
the postoffice department finally sent
word through the postmaster that on
account of the feeling shown in the
matter, if I would inclose the voucher
in my next account, its informality
would be overlooked. An inspection
of the Washington accounts will show
many similar and subsequent payments
of traveling and other expenses on ac
count of departmental officials without
the usual departmental checks.
"The Washington office was sur
prised one day to receive from the sal
ary and allowance division of the first
assistant postmaster general's office a
printed circular stating it was intend
ing to require all postal employes at
postal stations to give a bond direct
to the department, said bond to be
furnished by a single bonding com
pany, irrespective of the fact whether
such employes could furnish good per
sonal bonds or might desire to avail
themselves of competition in premiums
between other bonding companies. A
similar blanket bond was, I believe, to
be required of the letter carriers. The
postmaster had a conference with
George W. Beavers, then chief of the
salary and allowance division, and re
ported that Mr. Beavers had said:
'Senator Platt, of New York, would ap
preciate the fact if he would select the
senator's company.' The original cir
cular was subsequently modified by al
lowing employes to select their own
bond or bonding companies.
Heading Off Fraud.
"Considerable feeling was manifest
ed towards me in the office of the first
assistant postmaster general because I
would not pay vouchers for service or
supplies upon personal request or by
direction over the telephone. J. Holt
Livingston presented vouchers for pay
ment one afternoon amounting to sev
eral hundred dollars for postal furni
ture. I refused to pay until the al
lowance had been received. I was In
formed that it would be sent down by
private messenger as soon as it was
signed by the first assistant post
master general. I again refused. Mr.
Livingston departed quite angry, and
some time afterward returned with the
allowance properly signed. It was for
a piece of furniture, as I remember, for
Cuba or Porto Rico. No one had re
ceipted as to the receipt of the goods,
and I called the attention of Mr. Liv
ingston to the omission. He explained 1
it would be all right and ho needed the
money. I declined to pay unless some
responsible official would acknowledge
the receipt of the goods, whereupon
Mr. Livingston became confidential and
told me his company did not have very
much capital, but work had not even
yet begun upon the furniture, but that
'George' had agreed to advance him
the money in payment. It is needless
to add no payment was made."
Involves Cuban Swindlers.
Mr. Tulloch says payments were au
thorized to Mr. Livingston amounting
to about $2,i>00 on May 5. June 3 and
June 19, 1599. That of June 19 was
for $1,725 for Porto Rico and was ren
dered In a lump sum. An Intimate
friend of Mr. Heath's. M. D. Helm, was
the vice president of the company. It
tl «innn the com Pany shipped $8,000
to $10,000 worth of supplies to Cuba
on orders from Mr. Rathbone and Mr.
Neely and fitted up the American
postofflce at the Paris exposition. Mr.
Livingston was. also in charge of th«
Washington office of the Kitts Lock
Extensive purchases of furniture for ,
and im-i°°' amounting to over $1,309
and involving some washstands at
very high prices, Mr Tulloch says,
were purchased by order of the first
assistant postmaster general April 15
™LT ay l 2> 1899 ' from George W.
Cobb, Jr.. New York city '
Mr. Tulloch rays that the postofflce
inspector in charge. William B. Smith,
of this city, made an Inspection of the
Washington postofflce, and during
that inspection received word from an
associate of the first assistant post
master general that he had better be
£ arefUl,? r he mifrht los e his own head.
Mr. Tulloch adds:
Smith Is Brought In.
I was credibly informed at the time
that tne matter prepared with proofs
attached was laid before Postmaster
General Smith by Fourth Assistant
Postmaster General Bristow, who re
quested the postmaster general to in
vestigate the .office of the first assist
ant postmaatsr general. Mr. Smith re
fused this, looku** upon it as another
manifestation of the relations exist
ing betweeu Hero S- Heath and Mr.
Continuing the statement says:
"Residents of Washington remem
ber receiving a few years ago an offi
cial letter from the postmaster at
Washington recommending and seem
ingly requesting the purchase of an
expensive house collection and deliv
ery mail box to be attached to the
front doors. Many persons bought this
box. This box was the property of
individuals or an individual company.
It was always supposed that certain
departmental officials took more than
a passing interest In it in connection
with certain prominent personages. It
was a regulation of the department
that under no circumstances could a
postmaster or any employe request or
address recommendations to any resi
dent of the city. Yet the office of the
first assistant postmaster general di
rected the turning over of the letter
carrier route books to the agents of
this company. The postmaster vainly
protested against the unauthorized use
of his name."
Mr. Tulloch then cites the indorse
ment by Mr. Beaver and Mr. Machen
of the Economic postal card as an in
Of requests to the postmasters he
Heath Has a Friend.
"Oliver H. Smith, of Muncie, Ind..
was an intimate friend and associate
of Perry S. Heath. The latter. Nov.
17, 2897, wrote as follows to the post
" 'I have allowed you this day $600
per annum to provide for the appoint
ment of Oliver H. Smith as a laborer
at the several stations connected with
your office. Mr. Smith will act in a
dual capaciay, serving- both clerks and
'- - - tree delivery division
will also make an allowance of $2 per
day to cover car fare and incidental
expenses of Mr. Smith, who is. I be
lieve, ready to report.' "
This man was to be paid $600 per
year from the allowance for clerk hire
and an additional $2 per day from the
free delivery service when he could
serve but in one position.
"A clerk in my office, Charles W.
McHoster, informed me that an em
ploye in the mailing division, whose
name he gave me at the time, had told
him he had been approached by anoth
er employe, recently transferred to
the office, who stated he had been au
thorized to pick out seven men in the
mailing division for promotion July 1,
1898, provided those promoted would
divide with high officials in the post
Fake Employes Enrolled.
Mr. Tulloch said: "On account of the
intimate relaiioi:s between the depart
ment and the Washington office ver
bal directions often accompanied the
written order and were far more in
teresting. For instance, the postmaster
one day brought me an allowance for
the first assistant postmaster general's
salary and an allowance from the di
vision, Aug. 1, IS9B, appointing Emma
Jeans and Fannie Wynnes as clerks or
charwomen for one year from July 1,
IS9B, at $800 per annum. Handing me
the allowance he stated it was the in
tention of the department that the
name of the women should not appear
on any pay rolls'; that the parties
designated should not know that the
other was in receipt of money or had
any connection with the office. He
also stated that neither of them was
expected to report for any duty."
This complimentary roll was added
Mr. Tulloch says the classification
act of March 1, 1889, was ignored by
First Assistant Postmaster General
Heath and that several persons desig
nated finance clerks, auditors, etc..
were paid illegally from $200 to S3OO
h addition to their
salaries. With one or two exceptions
the appointments as cleaners, char
women, laborers, etc., were evasions
of the civil service, and the parlies did
not perform the duties implied in their
official designations, often no service
Mr. Tulloch says the emergency
measures to provide mail facilities
during the Spanish war presented
great opportunities for favoritism and
"Free trips to Porto Rico. Cuba and"
return became the fashion. All ex
penses were paid from the time of
leaving home. Pullman cars, hotel?,
etc. then a pleasant voyage upon a
transport, a trip around one or more
of the islands, expenses to Washing
ton and hotel bills there while friends
and officials were informed of their
observations; then Pullmans and pas
sage home. The generous office of the
first assistant not only paid all ex
penses, but a good salary as well dur
ing the period of investigation, the
salary sometimes lasting for weeks
and months after the return of the
recipient, while no possible service
was being rendered."
Comptroller Takes a Hand.
Mr. Tulloch refers to the inspec
tion of the accounts of the Washing
ton postoffice late in April, 1899, by
T. W. Gilmer, an expert accountant
of the comptroller of the treasury,
following which inspection the comp
troller disallowed between $30,000 and
$40,000 for the quarter ended Sept. 30,
1898. The receipt of the letter was
immediately acknowledged and cer
tain action requested was taken. The
postmaster was out of the city but on
his return, being told of the action
in his absence, was very much wor
ried and said he had strict orders
from Gen. Heath to bring all papers
received from the comptroller imme
diately to him and that his office
would dictate all replies.
"The action had come sooner than
expected," says Mr. Tulloch. "An
swers to certain portions of the letter
of the comptroller were prepared by
the different officials involved in the
office of the first assistant, and the
postmaster requested me to prepare
the complete answer. I did as di
rected. Mr. Tulloch said enough ir
regularities had been presented to
the comptroller to warrant his order
ing an investigation into the quarters
ending Dec. 31, IS9B, March 31. 1899,
and June 30, 1899, to ascertain the
continuance or extent of these same
Later Mr. Tracewell ordered: "Mr.
Gilmer, you may take up for examina
tion any postmaster's account for fis
cal year 1599. except New York city
and Washington, D. C." Subsequent
ly Mr. Gilmer was removed.
Mr. Tulloch charges Postmaster
Mertitt, of this city, with nepotism,
and says that during the past four
years Mr. Merritt's household has
drawn for their services about $40,
--000 from the local postal revenues.