Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, January 18, 1904, Page 4, Image 4',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
The St. Paul Globe
THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS.
Entered at Post office at St. Paul. Minn
as Second-Class Matter.
Northwestern— 1065 . Main.
aCity-Buir»;e S s. 1065; Editorial. 78.
* By Carrier. I i mo^j6_mos. 112m03.
bally 0n1y.........! T4O »f.25 $4.00
P.fi^» d Sunday:-1 -:iB-}:?o- -1:8
' COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS.
" B"v Mail. ~~ 1 1 mo. |6 moa, 112mqa.
&^g^: :S £8-15
\V. J. MORTON. ,
150 Nassau St.. New York City.
87 Washington St.. Chicago.
mi Sunday Qkm*
laihn in SI Paul
The Circulation of The St. Paul
Globe for the month of Decem
ber, 1903, averaged per day
MONDAY, JAN. 18, 1904.
There is a great hubbub in Chicago
over a proposition actually to enforce
the new building ordinance. It is said
that if this programme is carried out
it will close and keep closed not only
the theaters but a large number of
business establishments, including
nearly all factories in the city and a
list of prominent churches. It is said
that the badgered building commis
sioner is determined to relieve himself
of responsibility by enforcing the law,
while immense petitions against it are
being prepared by business men and
This is a fair sample of the sort of
government that prevails in all the
cities of this country. It is an ar
rangement of keeping the outside of
the sepulchre well whitewashed. It is
one of those sheer pretenses in which
civilization abounds for doing injustice,
"and for a return to savagery after a
concerted attempt to shift responsibil
ity in case of being found out.
The duty of society and of municipal
authorities is as plain as it can be
written. It is to agree upon and rigid
ly enforce all those regulations found
necessary to public safety. No build
ing should be occupied by any consid
erable number of people unless it con
forms to the requirements of a law
made so stringent that there is no rea
sonable probability of danger to a sin
gle human life if its conditions are
complied with. Why should this not be
done? Is the saving of a few dollars
more to be regarded than the saving of
a few lives? Is it more important that
a theater, assembly hall, factory or
business establishment of any sort
should be built without proper exits
or fire escapes or other safeguards
than that the people gathered within
its walls should daily or nightly risk
their lives? This is the plain proposi
tion, and yet it is answered every
where in the affirmative.
Upon the Chicago building commis
sioner has fallen the full force of pub
lic opprobrium. He and the police au
thorities are declared guilty because
they did not insist upon compliance
with the regulations. Everybody
knows how it is. Everybody knows
that it requires only a moderate
pull to get any city in the country to
violate the rules prescribing its fire
limits, to give special permission for
the erection of dangerous buildings, to
amend its ordinances so as to favor a
builder or business man who wants to
save a few dollars, to truckle and con
cede at every point to private interests
at the expense of public safety. Every
body knows that executive officials, po
lice authorities, building Inspectors and
others are virtually required to in
terpret and administer the laws in
such spirit as will give no offense to
the owners of buildings and put them
to no inconvenience.
Why not go about this work honestly
and sincerely? Why not frame build
ing laws that will actually protect the
public against all possible danger from
fire? Why not prevent repetitions of
the Chicago horror for all time to
come? Why not get away from sav
agery at least far enough to compel
the provision of exits large enough and
numerous enough to assure escape un
der any circumstances? This one ter
rible danger to humanity is at least
preventable. If it be not prevented, the
responsibility rests solely upon indi
vidual greed and official yielding to its
demands. Why not have laws framed
tor the benefit o£ Ibe community «* a
whole and administered in their Inter
est? Is any one ready with a reply?
Votes in the St.* Louis house of dele
gates have been reduced in price to
$975, at which figure all $1,500 and $1,
--600, and $I,Boo^ votes" will be offered
during the presenl sale!
THE PASSING OF THE FEMININE
There was organised in Chicago re
cently a society of women whose
avowed object is the raising of man to
woman's Jevel. Those who have be
lieved that the famous toast, "To
women, God bless them, once our su
periors, now our equals," settled for
good and 'aft" the modern woman's
status, will doubtless- receive the news
of the society's formation with some
surprise. They will be forced to the
conclusion that the modern woman has
resurrected, dusted and resumed her
abandoned pedestal or 'else that the
scoffer's assertion "was false and that
she has never stepped-down from it.
Neither conclusieiv-4sk_ an unpleasant
one for pedestals, provided they are
not too high, are not bad things, and
most people will rejoice that they are
again in fashion. -
But, whatever the fesurt of this fresh
assumption of moral superiority on the
part of these Chicago women, the lev
eling of the sexes in the industrial
world, which commenced when the
new woman followed, as the natural
reaction, the early' Victorian ultra do
mestic type, M-nt continue. The level-
Ing is evidenced in many ways. For
instance, there is the matter of femi
nine suffixes. Children are probably
still taught at school that the femi
nine of certain nouns is formed by
changing the suffix,"or" or "er" to "ess,"
but the world outside the school is evi
dencing a great unwillingness to make
the change. The word, "sculptress" is
no longer in good repute, if such re
pute depends upon usage. "Authoress"
will probably still continue with us, for
by no other word could Marie Corelli be
explained, but, undoubtedly when Miss
Corelli passes, the word, too, will pass.
"Poetess" is practically obsolete, for
it is only the unmodern w ho exploit it.
A "seamstress," of course, there will
always be, chiefly because there has
never been a seamstress, and "actreds"
must remain In good repute because
the work of one has a sex value.
Some effort has beenjnade to check
this tendency to ignore the sex of the
worker. It has been emphasized in
such awkward compounds as "lady
clerk," "lady help," and even, risking
possible tautology, "lady washerwom
an," although perhaps the last named
compound represents not so much a
desire to make the world doubly sure
of the sex as to make it aware of the
social status of the washer. But these
compounds are frowned upon by the
best society, and the disposition is to
consider the worker as an individual
merely and to permit sex neither to de
tract from nor to add to the value of
the work. It is a most sensible dispo
sition, for not only does it aid in sim
plifying the language, but it prevents
sex consideration from interfering with
the world's judgment of work.
The story that comes out of Omaha
about a pig and a baby being raised
on the same bottle is probably true.
The Omahogs never did raise good
THE BOY AMD THE FARM.
The Indiana state board of public in
struction which has commenced a cru
sade to keep the boys of Indiana on
the farms will hardly accomplish its
purpose if it confines itself to a recital
of city perils and city failures. The
average American boy is apt to consid
er himself an exception to the rule that
applies to his mates and once deter
mined to move to the city it is doubt
ful if the story of fifty failures would
deter him. More satisfactory results
might be obtained if country school
curriculums were modified so that in
terest in farm life would be kept alive
in the pupil. Too often, when the
farmer lad enters school, he leaves the
farm and its interests behind him. A
country school cannot be transformed
into an agricultural school. Even if
such a thing were possible, it would
not be advisable, for the boy gets a
practical training in agriculture at
honie 1. " But ther possibilities in modern
farming might be dwelt upon with ad
vantage in the country school, and the
boy might thus be led to take a more
intelligent interest in the work that is
going on about him.
As a rule country schools are taught
by young men and young women from
the cities, who are either anxious to
qualify themselves-for positions in city
schools or who desire to earn money
enough to enable them to continue in
the college and university courses of
study that -will fit them for some ca
reer. These teachers have little or no
interest in farm life, and, even if they
have any knowledge of it, it is apt to
be theoretical rather than practical.
The majority of them make excellent
teachers, to be sure, for they have the
enthusiasm of the student, but this
very enthusiasm influences the pupils
to seek the city rather than to remain
on the farms. They are out of the cur
rent for a while, but they are eager to
get back," and that eagerness is conta
gious. - '■ ■
Because of this.Ahe school trusteeß
can accomplish more than the teachers
in the work of keeping the boys on the
farm, "in a farming: district those trua
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE. MONDAY, JANUARY 18, 1904.
tees are usually practical farmers, and
were they once aroused to the impor
tance of it they could make the school
house, if not the school itself, the cen
ter of a lively interest in practical
farming. Lectures,, the exhibition of
the most modern agricultural instru
ments and country fairs for the chil
dren only would arouse enthusiasm
that might spread to the teachers.
There are numerous societies whose
avowed object is the arousing of the
farmers' interest in up*-to-date methods
of farming, but the boys an^ girls, un
less they attend one of the agricultural
schools, are neglected, and it is hardly
surprising that they should entertain
something of a contempt for the lives
their parents lead and an admiration
for the wider interests of their teachers.
Mr. W. B. Webster has decided that
he does not want to be mayor. Mr.
Webster is astute beyond his years.
THE MODUS OPERANDI.
We have received from a reader of
The Globe the following:
Would you please state in your val
uable paper the conditions by which
the president of the United States re
ceives the nomination in convention.
It is not easy to set forth the "con
ditions" by which the president "re
ceives the nomination in convention."
But is is quite another matter to point
to the conditions by which the presi
dent hopes to receive the nomination.
Those conditions are being created
with such beating of drum and sound
ing of cymbal that the man in the
street cannot but observe.
It simply requires that one already
be president of the United States by
virtue of a deplorable accident; that he
possess all the virtues and some wits:
that he be not afraid to allow his light
to shine; that he regard the rights of
neighbor nations just enough to secure
the applause of his fellows in office by
threatening to start a war that will
create more offices; that he keep hia
weather eye on the gallery and talk
freely upon all possible occasions on
every question that has a perverted
and popular point of view. Having laid
a foundation for his conditions in this
wise it is only necessary to surround
himself with hostages for the making
good of conditions that depend upon
promises, and go after the state dele
gates—who must perform according to
the pledge of the hostages—and the
president of the United States is nomi
nated and needs but a majority of the
votes in the electoral college for the
very apex of the structure of condi
There is a theory to the effect that
candidates for the presidency are
nominated In convention composed,
ordinarily, of two delegates for each
representative in congress, every
state and territory sending dele
gates according to its numerical
strength in congress, and four dele
gates at large. The vote of a majority
of the delegates in a Republican con
vention and of two-thirds of them in
a Democratic is necessary to a nomi
Our inquirer will perceive that the
"conditions" make the theory look like
Russia is for peace and is going to
have it if it is necessary to wipe Japan
off the map to get it.
A LIFE-SAVING MICROBE.
It is very probable that Mr. Diplo
capulatus Aerogenes will in the future
be most unpopular in his set. It is
even possible that he and hig sisters
and his brothers and his aunts will be
sent to Coventry for conduct unbecom
ing a microbe. For the bacillus with
the long name has saved a life, and
since life-saving stunts are not fash
ionable in microbe circles; since, in
deed, such stunts interfere with the
special prerogative of all bacilli, the
privilege to destroy life, it will be
readily understood that Mr. Diploca
pulatus Aerogenes is now persona non
grata to his own brethren.
It was the life of a Nebraska man
that the much-named little microbe
saved. To emphasize his point In an
argument with a neighbor, the Nebras
ka man pulled a gun, and the neighbor
was' speedily removed to the hospital,
where physicians declared that he had
one chance In a thousand of getting
well. The chance was chalked up to
the credit of the Nebraska man and the
physicians proceeded to do their be3t
for his victim. It was at this junc
ture that the microbe appeared in the
wound. Soon after its appearance, the
victim died. Instead of ascribing his
death to the gun play of the man from
Nebraska, the physicians ascribed it to
diplocapulatus aerogenes, and the Ne
braska man escaped the charge of
murder in the first degree.
Whether he will erect a monument to
the bacillus diplocapulatus aerogenes
remains to be seen. At least it Is In
teresting to note that one man, here
after, must be excepted whenever ref
erence is made to the hatred entertain
ed by the human race for the whole
bacilli family. Cfuld this particular
germ be persuaded to visit more vic
tims of the gun habit, his popularity
would increase, not among a most de
sirable class of people, to be sure, but
bacilli, like beggars, cannot be choosers.
Perhaps the action of the bacillus
diplocapulatus aerogenes will create a
precedent among his brethren and
cause capital punishment to be abol
ished. If ~so, opponents of the ex
treme punishment will agree that one
microbe, at least, has not lived in vain.
Economic Law of Annexation.
It is said that (western Canada as a
farming country I has a certain advan
tage'over the Nx>rthwestern states of
this, country on account of having
lower freight, rate's. The large emi
gration of Amerjcan farmers to Can
ada within a-few years is due to the
fact that there is little free grant land
remaining in the United States. The
Canadian government gives settlers
free grants of;i6o acres. Whole square
mile blocks are bought of the railways
at low prices^- The land is fertile and
the summer days are longer as agri
culture moves north. The Canadians
also use a good" 1 deal of attractive ad
vertising to draw Americans into Can
ada. Thus the annexation of Canada
to the United States is promoted. The
basis of annexation is a fraternal peo
Overworked Government Clerks.
There is consternation among gov
ernment clerks at Washington because
they will in future be required to work
seven hours a day, with only two
months' leave on full pay per annum.
As a taskmaster Uncle Sam is get
ting to be just too horrid for anything.
It Has Effected Many Cures.
There is no indication that Senator
Hanna proposes to profit by Dr. Wi
ley's discovery that salicylic acid is
good for rheumatism. The senator
probably prefers to try the bee stings
remedy a while longer. —Washington
Would Make a Pretty Contest.
If Grover Cleveland and Mark Han
na were the opposing candidates for
president, the country would be as
sured of a conservative statesman in
the White house whichever was elect
How Could He Be So Careless?
The quickstep music ordered by
Roosevelt to hasten the march of negro
veterans at his reception was not,
oddly enough, the classic ditty, "All
Coons Look Alike to Me."—New York
Why Russia Hesitates.
If Russia really wants to grab every
thing in sight she will find it profita
ble to retain the services of two or
three ex-office holders in Philadelphia.
—Philadelphia North American.
An Annoying Discovery.
Congress complains that govern
ment Is carried on without it. It saves
time. Congress may yet become as
useless as the British house of lords.
—St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Among the Merrymakers
Cheops was buying his ticket for the
minstrel show to be given at the dedica
tion of the pyramids. Frightened by nu
merous fire scares, he said to the man at
the box office:
"I want a Nile seat."
He obtained it, and enjoyed the show
with a greater sense of security.—Chi
A Mean Dig.
Mrs. Bragg— * gave quite a Jilce little
luncheon the other day. Didn't Mrs.
Jenkins tell you?
Mrs. Bragg—Strange: Why, she was
one of my guests.
Mrs. Sly—Yes, she told me that.—Kan
sas City Star.
Mr. Millyuns—Now, Tommy, you must
go to school and work hard. Why, look at
me! I started without a cent, and now
I'm a millionaire.
Tommy—Yes, I know; but you can't do
it any more. They all have cash regis
ters now.—Chicago Journal.
We addressed the proprietor of the gild
"Was your place ever raided?" we
"Yes," he responded, thoughtfully. "The
members of a minstrel troupe came in and
attacked the free lunch."—Chicago News.
How It Escaped Them.
Xenophon was showing the manuscript
of his "Anabasis" to an intimate friend.
"Why don't you send it to the illustrated
magazines?" asked his friend.
"I did," replied Xenophon, Irritably,
"and they rejected it on the ground that
it was all Greek to the average reader."
"The horse may be a noble animal, as
you say." remarked the pessimistic per
son, "but I fail to see it."
"Still," rejoined the optimistical one.
"you must admit there is something ele
vating about the mule."—Chicago News.
Ryan—W. F. Kellenbauch, Lewiston,
Idaho; William. Deary, Spokane; W. Mus
ser, lowa City; F. J. Edwards, Helena;
Mrs. A. B. Campbell, Toronto.
Merchants—X P. Heatwole, Northfield;
C. B. McCarthy, Helena; R. R. Hauskin,
Wahpeton, N. D.; R. L. McCormick, Ta
coma; S. H. Bevins, Hawkeye, Iowa; J.
R. Dorm and wife, Topeka; E. A. Schulze
Duluth; C. M. Sherman, Great Falls,
Mont.; W. H. Graves and wife, Crookston;
J. E. Gibson, J. C. Gibson and wife. Miles
City, Mont.; J. H. Carner, Redfield, S. D.
Windsor — J. A. Trobes, Bralnerd;
George Kohler and wife. Mrs. E. J. Weis
er, Ortonvllle; H. H. Webster and wife.
Grand Forks; C. J. Tresler. Dubuque; T.
H. Kennedy, Billings; Fred Bastrup and
wife, Jamestown, N. D.; Fred L. Rice,
Seattle; P. A. Cosgrove, Arlington.
St. Paul — Yesterday's observations,
taken by the United States weather bu
reau, "St. Paul, W. E. Oliver, observer, for
the twenty-four hours ended at 7 o'clock
last night—Barometer corrected for tem
perature and elevation. Highest tempera
ture, 15; lowest temperature. 5; average
temperature, 10; daily range, 10; barome
ter, 30.40; hutriidlty, 86; precipitation, .02;
7 p. m. temperature, 14; 7 p. m. wind,
east; weather cloudy.
Upper Michigan, Wisconsin and Minne
sota—Snow Monday and Tuesday; fresh
east to southeast winds.
North Dakota—Snow, with rising tem
perature Monday; Tuesday snow and
South Dakota—Snow, with rising tem
perature in east portion Monday; Tues
day snow and colder.
lowa—Snow Monday, with rising tem
perature in east portion; Tuesday, snow
Montana —Rain or snow and colder Mon
day; Tuesday fair.
Yesterday's i temperatures—
Alpena 4 61 Kansas City..44 48
Battleford ...\-i -4 Marquette 14 14
Bismarck .16 16 Milwaukee ...22 22
Buffalo 8 14 Minnedosa ...-4 -4
Boston 18 118 Montgomery ..52 62
Calgary -4 0 Montreal 2 12
Cheyenne 38 50 Moorhead 14 14
Chicago 22 23| Nashville 36 40
Cincinnati 22 24|New Orleans. .58 64
Cleveland 18 18 New York 18 26
Davenport ...20 24 Norfolk 30 34
Dcs Molnes ..24 30 North Platte..42 58
Detroit 12 18 Omaha 36 38
Duluth 12 14|Philadelphla ..24 28
Edmonton .-.-10 -B|Pittsburg 18 20
Escanaba 14 14 Qu'Appelle ... 0 0
Galveston ...56 58 Sa n Francisco.4B 50
Grand Rapids.l 2 16 St. Louis 36 42
Green Bay... 12 16 Salt Lake 44 48
Helena 46 481Ste. Marie -2 2
Huron 16 22| Washington ..22 L'B
Jacksonville. 52 64] Winnipeg 0 0
•Washington time (7 p. m. St. Paul).
What the Editors Say
The suave and plausible magnate, I
Tom Lowry, has been suggested for
national committeeman in place of Tom
Shevlin, who has incurred the dislike
of the Republicans of the state by his
actions. Wherefore? That would be
simply veering from Scylla to Charyb
dis, or jumping from the frying pan
into the fire.—Benson Times.
Many of our Republican exchanges
who have been praising Bob Dunn and
Judge Collins for saving the state sev
eral thousand dollars in sugar boun
ties seem to forget that the first credit
in the matter was due to a Democratic
governor, Hon. John Land. — Perham
The early bird catches the worm;
therefore, the political candidate ought
to be in the field early. The early
worm was caught by the bird, there
fore it is not the best policy to come
out too early. Candidates, take your
choice.—Norman County Index.
'"Prominent lawyers" of St. Paul ex
press the opinion that Boodler Ames
will win in the supreme court. They
must think his case is before the high
tribunal that meets at Jefferson City,
An interesting tip comes from a mid
dle county of the district that friends
of Gov. Van Sant contemplate risking
him in front of the Tawney machine
and running him for congress.—Albert
SALES TO NORTHERN SECURITIES.
Discussion by Sir Frederick Pollock and
Mr. J. L. Thorndike.
In a letter to the New York Sun. Mr. J.
L. Thorndike deals at length with one
of the vital questions relating to the
foundation of the Northern Securities
In an article on the case of the North
ern Securities company in the January
number of the Harvard Law Review, Sir
Frederick Pollock lays down with great
clearness these propositions: That the
owning by one corporation of a majority
of the shares in several other corpora
tions has nothing to do with the doctrine
of restraint of trade, even though compe
tition is thereby prevented and that a
contract to buy out a competing business
I with its good will is not bad on that
ground. On the other hand, an undertaking
by one corporation not to compete with
another, or an agreement between two
or more firms to conduct their business
in whole or in part according to the di
rections of a committee, is a restraint of
trade, and when it relates to interstate
commerce violates the Sherman act of
He proceeds to say that, if the transac
tion by which a majority of the sharehold
ers of the Northern Pacific and Great
Northern railway companies transferred
their shares to the Northern Securities
company was a real out-and-out sale, it
is difficult to see what fault could be
found with it on the point of restraint
of trade. He adds that, on the materials
before him, he is unable to see by what
reasonable construction the case can be
brought within the provisions of the act
against monopolies. He suggests, however,
a question whether the sale was genuine,
or whether on inquiry it might not be held
to have been merely colorable, and in
truth a device enabling the transferred
to retain their beneficial interest, while
each parted with his individual voice and
vote as a shareholder, which would
be the equivalent of an agree
ment to surrender their discre
tion as to the manner in which their
business should be conducted. It is to be
regretted that on this question he does not
express an opinion.
Is there then any ground for saying that
the sales of shares to the Northern Secur
ities company were not real sales, and
were only colorable ones by which the
sellers retained their beneficial interest
in the shares sold while they parted with
their votes as shareholders? It is evident
that, in order to make the sales merely
colorable, the sellers must have retained
their beneficial interest in the shares sold,
and that the payment of the price in
shares of the Northern Securities company
was not by itself enough to have that ef
fect. Their beneficial interest in the
shares was not retained merely by re
ceiving the new shares in payment, for
the new shares represented an interest
of a different kind in the shares sold and
in other shares of the same and another
railway company acquired from other per
sons. If two rival tradesmen enter into
partnership with one another and trans
fer their stocks in trade to the firm, no
body would say that the transaction was
colorable because each had an interest as
a partner in what he had contributed as
as well as in the rest of the stock in trade
of the partnership. If, however, the ar
rangement was that, although the busi
ness of both was to be carried on in the
name and under the direction of the firm,
it should not be carried on for the joint
account, but that each partner should
have only the benefit of the business that
originally belonged to him, the partner
ship would be merely colorable, and the
real transaction would be an agreement
restraining the separate trade of each by
a joint control.
An instance in which a transfer of prop
erty to an association was colorable is
furnished by the case of Salt Company vs.
Guthrie 35 Ohio St. 66G. in which sev
eral salt makers formed an association
for the av<*eed purpose of regulating the
price and grade of salt, and agreed that
all the salt made or owned by them should
become the property of the association,
and that they would sell only at prices
fixed by the directors. The proceeds of
the sales were paid over to the members
according to the amount of salt received
from each, so that each received back just
the proceeds of his own salt. This ar
rangement had the-same effect as if they
had made and observed an agreement to
sell at the prices fixed by the directors,
without going through the form of a
transfer of the property in the salt to the
association, and it was held to be a re
straint of trade. But if the arrangement
had been a partnership, so that the amount,
received by each member would have been
a share of the net profits of the asso
ciation, no such question could have
In the case of the Northern Securities
company the transaction was in sub
stance and effect just what it was in
form. The persons who sold their railway
shares to that company did not retain the
beneficial interest in them or the right
to the dividends arising from them.
These passed to the company, as in the
case of any other sale. They received in
place of them shares in the new company,
but these shares did not give them a right
to the dividends of the shares sold. Those
dividends belonged to the company, and
were used by it, with the dividends de
rived from the other railway shares held
by it, in paying dividends on all its own
shares. The dividends received by the
shareholder were dividends on the shares
in the new company, and were derived
only in part from the same source as div
idends on the shares sold. They would
not necessarily be the same even in
amount as the dividends on the shares
sold. The amount would depend on the
earnings of the two railway companies,
and not merely on those of the one in
which he formerly held shares. It might
moreover vary aecord+Hg as the Securi
ties company held more or less of the
shares of one railway company than of
the other. If this was not a genuine sale
of the railway shares to the Securities
company, it is difficult to imagine how a
sale of shares or any other property to a
company can ever be genuine, or other
wise colorable, where the seller receives
the price in shares of the company to
which he sells.
Sir Frederick Pollock also expresses an
Interest to know what view the New
Jersey courts would take of the validity
of the character of the Northern Securi
ties company. If the question were brought
before them. Their probable view seems
to be clearly indicated by the judgment
of the supreme court of the state In the
case of Trenton Potteries Company vs.
Oliphant, 58 N. J. Eg. at page 524, de
cided in 1889. The passage from this
judgment relating to the subject is
quoted at length in a pamphlet I pub
lished last summer on the decision of the
circuit court in the Northern Securities
company's case (at pages 30-31 J.
At St. Paul Theaters
"Sag Harbor," the_ last work of the
late James A. Herne was presented for
the first time in St. Paul at the Metro
politan last night. The play is in the
hands of a fairly competent company
and may therefore be judged on its
merits, albeit some of the roles are
•capable of stronger and more vital
interpretation than they received.
The play, being Mr. Herne's final
creation, challenges comparison with
his "Shore Acres" especially as it deals
with rural life on the Atlantic coast.
That comparison is greatly to the dis
advantage of "Sag Harbor."
It is not to be denied that "Sag
Harbor" contains many evidences of
Mr. Herne's notable skill in construct
ing what may be termed "natural dia
logue." It likewise testifies to his pow
ers of character creation and differen
tiation. But it is lacking in action and
dramatic intensity. Its impulses and
motives, while human, are not so com
pelling, and it must be confessed that
many of the scenes, particularly in
the first and third acts ar^ talky to the
point of tediousness.
But the conspicuous weakness of
"Sag Harbor," is its failure to enlist
unalloyed sympathy for Martha, the
girl who marries the elder brother
when she loves the younger. Subse
quent events indicate that her choice
was a wise one, but that does not seem
to justify Martha in the beginning. Ben
Turner, the elder brother and Mar
tha's guardian suspects that she loves
Frank, and magnanimously offers to
release her. In the presence of Frank,
he releases her from all sense of obli
gation and implores her not to say yes
to his—Ben's—offer of marriage, out
of mere gratitude or duty.
Yet, with the peculiar perversity of
woman, Martha insists on giving her
self to Ben, although she breaks two
hearts by the sacrifice. Such things
sometimes happen in real life. In
deed, it is authentically said that
"Sag Harbor" is founded on an actual
incident of this character. But that
does not save the play. Martha for
feits much of the sympathy she might
have claimed had there been a more
compelling motive for the sacrifice,
and when the heroine loses sympathy,
the drama loses interest. Even after
two years of wedded life, with a baby
to cement their union, Martha is un
able to say "no," when her husband
asks her if she still loves his brother
—and again there is a distressing
Of course if Martha had married
Frank there would have been no play.
In the art of writing the homely,
idle conversation characteristic of vil
lage gossips and busybodies Mr.
Herne was a past master. Such char
acter creations as William Turner, the
antiquated agent of the steamer Ante
lope, and Mrs. John Russell, a loqua
cious but kindly old woman, are pleas
ing to contemplate. Ben Turner is
likewise a sturdy specimen of honest
manhood, while Capt. Dan Marble, a
middle-aged gossipy, kind hearted
sailor, is mildly amusing, except when
handicapped by two or three lengthy
speeches devoid of climaxes.
The anti-climax which closes tho
play is almost too pronounced. Hus
band and wife have made up, and
Frank, the younger brother, is left
alone on the stage when Janey Cauld
well, the village music teacher, drops
in, and actually- makes love to the dis
consolate Frank, to cheer him up as it
were. She succeeds so well that he
The people seemed to enjoy this rath
er unusual, not to say unnatural, pro
ceeding, but that dialogue did not ring
true. It was not like Herne.
The company is, in the main, good.
Fred G. Herne'a characterization of the
old man Turner was admirable both
in point of dialect and action. Ifobert
Kelly gave a convincing and manly
portrayal of Ben Turner, and Charles
C. Brandt was acceptable in the role
of Capt. Dan Marble, though inclined
to be monotonous in the long speeches.
Samuel Colt's impersonation of Free
man Whitmarsh, the painter, glazier
and choir leader, was amusing, albeit
it was a caricature.
Miss Adeline Mann contributed a
faithful portrayal of Martha, .an un
grateful role, which she invested with
Jane Butt looked very pretty, almost
too pretty, to wait so many years for
old Capt. Dan. —F. G. H.
The Kilties band gave an entertain
ing and varied musical programme
yesterday afternoon at the Metropoli
tan before an audience that made up
in demonstrative enthusiasm for what
it lacked in numbers.
The offerings embraced a wide range,
from folk lore songs of Scotland to
Meyerbeer and Wagner—and Director
Robinson and his people were much
more effective in the simpler music, for
the audience was sympathetic rather
than critically appreciative. The best
thing in the matter of instrumental
performance was the prelude to the
third act of Lohengrin, the most ef
fective, "Robin Adair," sang by the
The Clan Johnstone troup did some
clever dancing and the bagpipe solo by
Pipe Major Albert Johnstone was
sufficiently agonizing to drive the au
dience to a demonstration that might
have been either rage or vehement ap
Seats go on sale this morning for
the Bostonians, who play an engage
ment at the Metropolitan the latter
half of this week. "Robin Hood" will
be sung Thursday and Saturday nights
and Saturday matinee and '"The Ser
enade" on Friday evening.
Hagenbeck's V/ild Animals at Grand.
Lions, tigers, polar bears, leopards,
pumas and hounds, all mingling to
gether in one arena, performing tricks
at the bid of a fearless trainer, some
snarling and growling, but never at
tempting to do harm to the trainer or
one another, Is one of the unusual
sights to be seen in cc f ection with
Hagenbeck's Trained Wild Animal
show, which opend a week's engage
ment at the Grand last night.
Wild beasts of all .description are
to be seen in the Hagenbeck collec
tion, not the least Interesting of which
is a lion-tiger hybrid, a cross between
a lion and a royal Bengal tiger.
One of the most interesting feats of
the performance is the appearance in
the same arena of a large Sumatra
tiger and a Ceylon elephant, the com
mon enemies of the animal world. So
well trained are these beasts that the
tiger rides about on the back of the
elephant, jumps through hoops of fire
and eats from the hand of Vasile
Popescu, their trainer. Lil Kerslake
and his family of trained pigs do some
wonderful stunts, as do Harry Shubert
and his congress of trained dogs.
The performing,seals were to many
the most Interesting feature. It seemed
that there was nothing impossible for
them to do. In the way of juggling they
outdid anything a human being would
attempt, son*» of their balancing acts
The seven large polar bears were an
other interesting feature. They are
perfectly trained, and the wrestling
match between one of the bears and the
trainer was well worth seeing.
In order to place the wild animals
upon the stage all of the scenery had
to be removed, and Btout steel cages
erected. From these cages the animals
are brought into a steel arena which
is so constructed as to prevent the pos
sibility of escape of the beasts.
As an animal show the Hagenbeck
production is all that could be ex
pected of it. The show is in charge of
Carl Hagenbeck, the third of his name
to identify himself with the taming and
training of wild animals.
The Danz Concert.
An audience that completely filled
Mozart hall yesterday afternoon en
joyed the fifth symphony concert
given by the Dan* orchestra. The pro
gramme comprised compositions by
Meyerbeer, Massenet, Mozart, Raff,
Godard, Brahms and Moszkowski.
The piece de resistance was the sec
ond movement of Raffs symphony,
"Im Walde," which includes the
"Traumerie" and "Tanz der Dryaden."
It was interpreted with commendable
grace, delicacy and musicianly appre
ciation, thoroughly meriting the
hearty and prolonged applause ac
corded. Massenet's "Phedre" over
ture was likewise played expressively.
A waltz by Godard, and Brahms
Hungarian dances, imparted a viva
cious variety to the programme, played
as they were with much spirit and
It cannot be said that the French
horn solo, '"Concert for Waldhorn," by
Mozart, awakened an enthusiastic re
sponse. This was not so much due to
the soloist. Herr Franz Biltrusch, as
to the substitution of a piano for or
chestral accompaniment. The con
trast between a full orchestra of forty
pieces and a lone piano in a hall or
theater is unfavorable to the piano.
The wisdom of introducing solos with
piano accompaniments in a symphony
concert programme is questionable.
The people come to hear the orchestra.
"The Crackerjacks" at the Star.
Th? entertainment at the Star this
week ranks with the best of the sea
son. While the company has no un
u&ually big feature it has no weak
spots. It is a well balanced organiza
tion. The chorus is good, so are the
comedians and the production is well
The keystone of the whole structure,
excepting of course the olio, is the
quiet and clever comedian, Bob Van
Osten. What he does is not impressive
but the way he does it lingers in the
memory of Star patrons. In the first
and afterpieces he ia effective and he
was encored until he came out and held
up his hands as a sign that he was
The list of specialties is devoid of
tiresome acts. Held and Trimble sing
some bright songs. Two comedians
out of the ordinary are Howard and
North, who sing a medley of witty
parodies and indulge in a reminiscent
conversation which is funny and well
acted. The two Jacksons perform
their familiar act composed of bag
punching, wire walking and "hurri
cane" boxing. The Wangdoodle Four,
a colored quartette, are whirlwinds of
fun. All of them dance well, but one
Is especially clever with his feet.
The burlesque "Our Ceorgia Rose"
is one of the very best. Much original
ity, both as to dialogue and mounting,
is displayed. The costuming of the
"Planters" is very effective. There are
also many musical numbers of Interest
MAN COMMITS SUICIDE
Col. John H. Bacon, Former Mayor of
Colorado Springs, Shoots Himself.
COLORADO SPRINGS. Co!., Jan. 17.—
Col. John H. Bacon, aged seventy-live,
mayor of Colorado Springs in IHHO and
prominent as a business man In the early
days here, committed suicide today by
shooting, because of illness. Ho left a
note saying that he had been suffering
so much pain from rheumatism and in
somnia that it more than offset the pleas
ures of this world. He leaves a widow
and a son, who is an attorney in thin city.
Col. Bacon spent his youth in Michigan.
Later he moved to lowa, where he was
trustee of the lowa Agricultural college
for thirty years, an active member of the
lowa State Agricultural society, and dur
ing the war a provost marshal of tho
First district of lowa. He leaves an
estate valued at $250,000.
WITH EASTERN TRAFFIC
Trains in Pennsylvania Many Hours
Late on All Roads.
CORRY, Pa., Jan. 17.—A renewal of
Thursday's blizzard last night has
again interfered greatly with traffic on
all roads. The Chicago limited on the
Erie was ten hours late this morning,
and the Cleveland express tive. Last
night a Pennsylvania passenger train
was stalled in a drift for hours. The
snow plows are constantly In use and
heroic efforts are being made to keep
traffic open. The Jamestown, Chau
tauqua & Lake Erie is completely tied
up on account of the disabling of the
snow plow. Men are now shoveling the
snow off the road and may open it by
CHASE GEN. DESCHAMPS
British Cruiser Sends Marines to Protect
Consulate at Puerto Plata.
CAPE HAYTIKN. Jan. 17.—The gov
ernment troops which disembarked recent
ly at Sossua were yesterday ordered to
march on Puerto Plata. A brisk attack,
supported by the guns of a Dominican
war vessel, began in the evening.
This morning operations were resumed
and the governmont troops entered Puerto
Plata, causing the flight of Gen. Dea
champs, who took refuge in the United
The British cruiser Pallas has landed
marines to protect the consulate. Th«
I'nited States cruiser Hartford has ar
HAVE NARROW ESCAPE
Eight Men Lose Their Way in Malt Kiln
of Burning Building.
CHICAGO. Jan. IT.—Fira in the Chi
cago Consolidated Milling and Malting
company plant today caused loss of $75,
--000, fully insured. Eight firemen lost
their way in the smoke filling 1 the top of
a big malt kiln. Two of the* were un
conscious and the rf-st about to sucrumb
when other firemen cut a hole through
the roof and rescued them.
Naval Escort for Smithson's Remains.
NEW YORK, Jan. 17. — The I'nlted
States dispatch boat Dolphin, Commander
J. H. Gibbons, from Washington, D. C.
arrived here today under orders from th«
navy department to await the arrival
of the North German Lloyd liner Princess
Irene, from Genoa, which la due to ar
rive on Tuesday, and which bears the ro
maias of James SmHhson, founder of th*
Smithsonian Institution. The Dolphin will
meet the Princess Irene In New York low
er bay and escort the vessel to her dock.
The coffin containing the remains will be
transferred to the Dolphin, which wlfl
take it to Washington, where relntevmen!
with appropriate ceremonies will be mad%