Newspaper Page Text
fn St. Paul and vicinity today.
VOL. XXVII.—NO. 40.
THE GLOBE WILL PRINT NEW YORK HERALD WAR NEWS
Beginning This Morning the Globe Will Place Before Its Readers Daily, News of the War in the Far East as Collected By the Correspondents of the New York Herald. No Paper
in the World Compares With the Herald in the Number, Capacity and Eminence of Its Correspondents. The Globe Has Made An Arrangement With the Herald Which Places This Army
of Special and Staff Correspondents at the Service of Its Readers. IF YOU WOULD HAVE THE FIRST AND MOST RELIABLE WAR NEWS YOU MUST, READ THE GLOBE
BALTIMORE'S FIRE LOSS
MAY EXCEED $150,000,000
Conflagration Is Controlled After Raging for Twenty-eight Hours—Only One Man Is
Killed and Fifty Persons Injured, and They Slightly—Burned Area Comprises
140 Acres—Admirable Order Is Preserved by Militia and Police—Dynamiting of
Buildings and Tottering Walls Is Continuous-City Is Threatened With Partial
Famine and Food Supplies Will Be Rushed From [New York.
Loss may not b? known for a week, but city official makes estimate of over $150,000,000 on
District swept by fire comprises 75 blocks, 140 acres, with nearly 2,500 buildings.
Fire was controlled at 3 p. m. after a battle of twenty-eight hours.
Fifty thousand people are thrown out of employment.
Army engineers assist in the dynamiting.
Casualty list is astonishingly small.
The burned district is within the territory bounded on the west by Liberty street, on the north
by Lexington street, on the east by Jones Falls and on the south by the Basin. Within this district
were the big structures on Fayette, Gaya, Lombard, Ghartes, Balderson, Elliott, Hollingsworth and
Cheapside streets. Pasting southeast along the basin the following large blocks were destroyed:
McClure's, Patterson's, Smith's, Frederick, Long and Union. Small thoroughfares that do not extend
as far north as Lexington street and which were in the path of the flames are Commerce, Frederick
and Mill streets.
BALTIMORE, Md., Feb. 8. — When
darkness fell tonight the people of
this stricken city knew the worst was
over. The flames which, for more
than twenty-four hours, had swept re
sistlessly through the heart of one of
the worlds greatest marts of trade,
were checked. An army of firemen from
many cities, working unweariedly and
aided by a little muddy stream, finally
conquered a fire that will rank among
the world's greatest conflagrations.
Worn by a night and day of terror,
the great crowds that watched the ruin
of their city turned homeward and at
midnight the streets were deserted,
save the police and militia who guard
ed the burned area.
To the south a red, glow rises and
falls, marking 140 acres of devastation,
75 squares of property that yesterday
represented values to the extent of
from $75,000,000 to $125,000,000. Not
even a ciose approximate of the loss
can be made. No guess can be made
of the insurance.
Men tonight talk of figures that are
appalling and almost incomprehensi
ble because of their vastness. An ex
pert, the city building inspector, esti
mated the loss in buildings alone at
$150,000,000. On the other hand, it is
said, insurance estimates do not place
the total losses at a greater figure.
So far there has been no systematic
attempt to fix the values that were
represented in that district, in that
which is tonight a devastated waste.
QUESTION AS TO
SAFES AND VAULTS
One factor that will figure largely in
the final estimates consists of the se
curities in the banks and trust com
panies, whose homes are destroyed.
Their vaults and safes tonight are in
ruins, covered with tons of debris. Ex
perts who have given them as close ex
amination as possible express the be
lief that the contents are safe.
On the correctness or falsity of this
belief depends many millions of dollars.
Not a single life has been lost and
not a human being has been even dan
gerously injured. The hospital lists
consist of minor burns with the excep
tion of Jacob Inglefritz, a fireman from
York, Pa. He has a fractured leg and
is badly burned. It is doubtful if his
tory shows a catastrophe in which so
tremendous a money loss was accom
panied by so slight a human sacrifice.
There is not a dangerously injured per
son in the hospital lists.
Save for its physical aspects, the
story of the past twenty-four hours is
a negative one, in all that usually at
tends so vast a calamity. There has
been little or no excitement. There has
been no hysteria. There have been no
disorders and, to the credit of the city
of Baltimore it should be said, there
has been no looting or attempt at loot-
Ing. Baltimore tonight Is as orderly as
a village, and only the throngs of labor
ing fire engines and the reverberating
boom of dynamite as It brings danger
ous walls to the ground, disturb its
Men who have lost all, who were
merchant princes yesterday and prac
tically beggared tonight, view their
losses with a calm that Is either the
apathy of dazed senses or quiet resig
nation of the inevitable. This consti
tutes the most remarkable phase of the
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
measureless calamity that has befallen
the Monumental city.
So far there has been no call for
aid. Proffers of assistance have come
from many quarters, from sister cities,
from corporations and from private
citizens, but Baltimore tonight cannot
say whether or not it will be needed
or accepted. That will be decided to
There is a talk of a scarcity of food,
but at most this can be but temporary.
Twenty-four hours should suffice to
bring provisions in limitless quanti
When the tired citizens of Baltimore
tonight went to a needed rest, over
and above the realization of their per
sonal losses was the knowledge that
their city had risen nobly in its hour
of stress and met a great catastrophe
with coolness and precision.
IN BLACKENED RUINS
BALTIMORE, Md., Feb. 8. — Balti
more is staggering tonight under a fire
loss which no one has the temerity to
put in figures. The important com
mercial district is blackened ruins, laid
bare by a conflagration which raged
without a momentary check from 10:45
a. m. yesterday until late in the after
noon today. At 3 o'clock the city offi
cials again breathed. It was agreed
that the flames were under control.
They had raged twenty-eight hours, in
spite of almost superhuman efforts put
forth by the best fighting forces which
more than half a dozen cities were able
The city is overcast with gloom. The
only lights in the burned district are
those from the smoldering ruins. The
stores are closed in nearly every street.
The darkened avenues are full of jost
ling people talking of one subject. Ap.
parently is but one cause for
gladness, and that Is that there are no
ho.neless. The residence section of the
city escaped. This phase of the situa
tion relieves the officials from any
thought other than the saving of prop
At 2 p. m. a bulletin was sent out
saying the flames would be held in
check at the Union docks and prevent
ed from leaping Jones Falls and plac
ing the entire city east of there in
jeopardy. At 3 o'clock that bulletin was
confirmed. A score of times flames
were found lapping the sides of lumber
piles on the east bank of the falls. In
some instances the lumber was tossed
into the falls, and this, with a similar
heroic measure, stayed the onsweep of
BURNING BRANDS ARE
CARRIEDBY A GALE
Throughout the terrible contest
which firemen and fire waged for su
premacy, humanity was handicapped
by a gale which carired burning brands
over the heads of the workers and be
yong the reach of the hundreds of
streams of water poured into the rag
ing furnaces. But for the work of the
volunteers In seeking out and extin
guishing these embers"" it is almost cer
tain the burned area would have been
twice larger than it is.
About seventy-five squares, or 140
acres, are in ashes, extending from
Lexington street on the north to Pratt
street on the south, from Liberty street
on the west to Jones Falls on the east.
Insurance companies have opened
temporary offices in the Lexington
hotel, but their representatives decline
ihe Only Democratic Newspaper of General Circulation in the Northwest,
TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 9. 1904.—TWELVE PAGES.
to estimate the loss. The answer of one
is typical of all:
"It's too big. We have not figures to
describe it. Make it above $100,000,000.
That's the best we can do."
The same indecision was true in re
gard to estimates concerning Insur
The city was early placed under mar
tial law and thus all danger of looting
in the doomed district was eliminated.
Word was received tonight that Gen.
Corbin, of New York, would be here
tomorrow to take command of the fed
eral troops. The presence of two regi
ments of militia as an adjunct to the
police, which were augmented by de
tails from Philadelphia and Washing
ton, resulted in the maintenance of
the best of order.
No one dares to guess what would
have happened had the flames jumped
the falls. The struggle today has been
with the one end of confining the fire
to the west side of the muddy stream.
That this effort was successful is mere
ly the result of the fire burning itself
out and concerted labors of nearly a
hundred fire companies, aided by the
powerful fire tug, the Cataract.
Again and again the terrible heat,
driven from the burning district across
Jones' falls, ignited building and lum
ber piles. Furious hand-to-hand fights
occurred, which, fortunately for the
residents of East Baltimore, were won
by the firemen. Several hours in the
lumber district of the East side vol
unteers watched every ember. Bucket
brigades were formed to prevent the
destructive leap of the flames across
the narrow stream. Had the fire gain
ed a foothold in the East side lumber
yards, it is conceded nothing could
have stopped the onslaught, and the
departments would have been power-
Continued on Seventh Page.
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EXTRA! SECOND EDITION
JAPAN FORMALLY DECLARES WAR
SHE OFFICIALLY INFORMS BRITISH FOREIGN OFFICE
THAT A STATE OF WAR WITH RUSSIA EXISTS.
Sixty Transports Land Troops of the Mikado in Korea, the Northern Part
of Which Country the Russians Had Already Seized—Firing Is Heard
Near an Island off the Korean Coast—Belief Prevails That the Russian
Fleet Will Fight—Chinese Court Makes Preparations to Flee and Russian
Troops are Reported Advancing Upon Pekin.
Special Cable to The Globe.
LONDON, FEB. 9, 6 A. M^-THE
FOREIGN OFFICE HAS RECEIVED
OFFICIAL NOTICE FROM JAPAN
THAT THAT COUNTRY IS AT WAR
Baron Hayashl was up all night and
there was evidence of great activity
at the Japanese embassy, but the an
nouncement that Japan had taken the
irrevocable step came with a surprise
at the last.
Many cablegrams were received by
the Japanese minister >nd it Is the
current opinion that some overt act has
been committed, if indeed there has not
been a bloody battle.
The statement that war had been de
clared was received at the foreign of
fice at a most unexpected heur by pre-
arrangement, and it Is understood that
Baron Hayashi had notified the foreign
office people that h* had a formal and
important communication to make.
Special Cable to The Globe and New
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. B.—During
the day M. Kurino called at the United
States embassy, where he arranged
with Ifr. McCormick that the United
States embassador should look after
the Interests of Japan in his absence.
This evidently prearranged agree
ment came as ft bomb ttifown into the
fo; £ign office, confirming what had long
been suspected, namely, that the Unit
ed States takes a specially friendly in
terest in Japan.
BY BENNETT BURLEIGH.
Special Cable to The Globe and New York
Nagasaki, Saturday.—Russia procur
ed transports and secretly dispatched
her fleet from Port Arthur some days
ago. It escorted vessels loaded with
full divisions of troops and landed them
near the Talu river, thus occupying
The Japanese also moved their ships
to Masamp'ho, where during the morn-
FLY BIRDIE, FLY.
The Game Has Ended.
Japan throws a large body of troops into Korea.
The Russians had a/ready occupied Northern Korea.
Japanese marines seize Russian vessels at Mas
Naval reserves of Japan are called out.
The Russian fleet is expected to fight.
Firing is reported heard near Fusan, Korea.
Seoul is to be occupied by Japan, the landing to be
covered by the torpedo division.
France and other powers agree to land troops in
Chjjia when hostilities begin.
Ing flies of marines took possession of
certain Russian merchant vessels, in-*
eluding the Shilka and the Manchuria,
and one ship which had been chartered
by the Russian government and was
engaged in loading up with a cargo of
coal and stores for Port Arthur. The
Japanese encountered no resistance
and the steamers have been placed un
der a guard. It Is reported that two
other Russian vessels have been taken
outside and escorted to Saseho.
Nagasaki, Monday, 6 p. m.—The war
department is issuing permits to corre
spondents. Baron yon Rosen will leave
Tokio on Feb. 11, and will sail by the
French mall steamer Tana on Feb. 12.
It Is reported that the ice Is two feet
thick at Port Arthur and that this af
fects the movements of torpedo boats,
but I think that it is only the frozen
shoals. A letter received by me from
there Indicates that the harbor was
quite open up to Jan. 31.
The Japanese naval reserves have
been called out.
Nagasaki, Monday, 9:20 p. m.—From
a Russian source I am assured their
fleet will fight. For months past many
colliers have cleared from Kusatsu for
Chefoo, but have invariably landed
their coal at Port Arthur.
The Russian steamer Argun was due
PRICE TWO CENTS. STvE^'nts.
at Nagasaki today from Dalney, but has
not yet arrived.
AMERICANS ARE NOT
UNFRIENDLY TO RUSSIA
Special Cable to The Globe and New York
ST. PETERSBURG, Monday—l have
just had a conversation with the Unit
ed States ambassador as to how the
taking over of the Japanese interests
by the United States ambassy would
be construed. He said:
"Such a charge could only be hand
ed to the care of the representative of
a power known to be neutral. England,
bejng biased, could naturally not un
dertake it. It is a pity the Russians
should imagine that the Americans
have an unfriendly feeling toward
them. My opinion, and I have a large
correspondence with the United States,
is that such a feeling does not exist."
FIRING IS REPORTED
HEARD NEAR FUSAN
LONDON, Feb. 9.—ln a dispatch
from Tokio a correspondent of the Mail
says the Jiji Shimpo has received a
telegram from Fusan, Korea, declaring
that the firing of guns was heard to
the east of Koje island, twenty-flve
miles southwest of Fusan, at 8 o'clock
In a dispatch dated Nagasaki, Sat
urday, Feb. 6, and which was delayed
by the censor, a correspondent of the
Telegraph asserts that Russia deliber
ately precipitated the crisis by secret
ly dispatching a few days ago from
Port Arthur transports loaded with a
full division of troops and escorted by
a fleet and landing them near the Yalu
river, thus occupying Northern Korea.
"Japanese patience became exhaust
ed and today Japan moved her ships
and took unresisted possession of some
merchant vessels, including the Shika
and Manchuria," the correspondent
continues. "Two other Russian vessels
were seized and escorted to Sasebo,
The Telegraph says it supposes the
foregoing seizures occurred at Mas
ampho, but that the censor suppressed
The Che Foo correspondent of the
Mail cables that sixty Japanese trans
ports are landing troops at various
ports In Korea from Masarnpho and
Fusan, on the south, to Kunzan,
Molmpho and Chemulpo on the west.
Seoul is to be occupied and the land
ing is being covered by the torpedo
division. The main body of the Jap
anese fleet, the correspondent con
cludes, will sail in the direction of Fort
In a dispatch from Tien Tsin a cor
respondent there of the Standard says
a Russian force 18 reported at Kalgan
(in Pechili province, 110 miles north
west of Pekin and near the great wall)
and that preparations are being made
for the flight of the Chinese court and
the removai of the imperial treasure,
READ THE GLOBE
THE ONLY LIVE NEWSPAPER
IN ST. PAUL.
as it is feared that Russia will descend
PARIS, Feb. B.—Mgr. Lorenzelli, the
papal nuncio, acting on orders from
Rome, requested an Interview of M.
Motono, the Japanese minister, this
afternoon. The meeting lasted for a
quarter of an hour, but nothing con
cerning it has been given out officially.
There 1b reason to believe, however,
that Mgr. Lorenzelli offered Japan the
mediation of the pope, if It was not
too late to settle the conflict without
a declaration of war and bloodshed.
It Is said that M. Motono promised to
telegraph this offer to his government
AT THE SCENE OF WAR
It Will Be Sent if Neither Russia Nor
WASHINGTON, Feb. B.—Tentative
orders have been prepared sending the
cruiser squadron of the Asiatic fleet
northward from Subig bay to the vi
cinity of Port Arthur to observe tho
Japanese-Russian naval operations and
to be at hand to protect American in
terests wherever they may be menaced
in the war-stricken district.
Orders will be submitted to the pres
ident for final revision, but will not bo
sent unless they are agreeable to Rus
sia and Japan, which will be soundod
When the orders were prepared to
day it was expected they would be
sent forthwith, in view of the restrain
ing Instructions they contained for
Rear Admiral Evans, commanding the
Asiatic fleet, to observe strict neutral
ity in all his movements. Secretary
Moody, however, is not willing that this
country shall give ground even for
suspicion either by Russia or Japan,
and it has therefore been decided that
these governments shall be asked if
the dispatch of the cruiser squadron to
northern waters will embarrass either
The cruiser squadron consists of the
Continued on Sixth Page.
THE NEWS INDEXED
Baltimore Fire Is Controlled.
Russo-Japanese War Is On.
Charged With Violating Building Code.
Lincoln Club Sends $150 to Baltimore.
Minnesota's First Railroad.
Game Law Violators Fined $40,000.
Woman Badly Scalded.
News of the Northwest.
News of the Railroads.
Business of Congress.
Of Interest to Women.
Hubbard County and the Park Region. '
P. J. Smalley Decries the Tariff.
Charter Commission Holds Session,