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What the Women did
in the CampmgrWf for
the Presidency Jp -a
Their Organizations as Complete as Those of the
Men —Tons of Literature Distributed by Them,
Hundreds of Mass Meetings Held and Tens of
Thousands of Homes Visited in Quest for Votes
ONE of the most remarkable features of the political campaign
just ended was the great number of women who worked in their
own way to influence votes.
Not only was this feminine activity more general throughout th:
country than ever before, but it was conducted more openly and there
fore it was more noticeable. Not only in the woman suffrage States of
Colorado, Utah, Idaho and Wyoming were the women busy, but in
that bee hive of conglomerate political methods, New York city, as well.
If'omens clubs were numerous and energetic. They distributed a
vast amount of literature; got up meetings, and busied themselves along
any legitimate missionary line that promised results. The principal
agencies employed, however, were meetings for their sex, distribution
of literature, personal solicitation and house-to-house visits.
Not a few entertaining and forceful spellbinders were developed.
It is said that tactful women do well upon the stump, because they secure
the courteous attention of men, and can employ the logic that most
strongly appeals to their sisters.
METHODS of woman's r-ork In N«~- Tork city dif
fered along party lines.
Tho strong card of the Democrats was house
to-house visitation and personal appeal. Th» Re
publicans, on the other hand, had their public come to
them, attend their meetings, listen to speeches and read
literature distributed from headquarters, or sent through
One of the most active workers was Miss Helen Varick
Boswell, organization secretary of the "Woman's National
Republican Association. She Is the embodiment of energy.
When she took command of the Woman's Bureau at
national headquarters, the presses began to fly and mil
lions of campaign pamphlets were struck off for distribu
tion among the "real heads" -of households—the women ot
"It is the women we are after," Miss Boswell saWL. "If
we can arouse them, all apathy will disappear. One*
awaken a woman to the importance of the ballot and the
issues at stake, aad sno is bound to make her husband
and the men of her acquaintance feel it, too."
The wock conducted by Miss Boswell ■extended all over
the country. Lists of speakers who were willing to ad
dress women's meetings were made up, and meetings ar
ranged everywhere. There were ""mothers' meetings,"
••housewives' meetings." "working girls' meetings" and
bo on !n most of the larger cities.
Despite htr multifarious duties at headquarters. MIM
Boewcll found time to address several mass meetings of
men in New York and vicinity. She is a favorite with
commercial travelers and always makes a hit with them.
Speaking of woman's work in a political campaign.
Miss Bosv.'ell s-aid:
"A woman is undoubtedly vitally concerned In the
administration of public affairs. Whether she votes or
not, whatever affects the men of . »r family, affects her.
If the tariff affects the question of wages as well as the
price of household uecessarics, who feels It more than the
woman? If there is financial stringency, tfhere does the
economizing begin, v and who has to be responsible for
most of a? Why, the woman, oX course.
WOMAN'S BOUNDLESS INFLUENCE
"Therefore, ehe should know what Is L^lng on in order
that she may use her influence with the men to make
them vote for what ».s right. After all, It is the woman in
the home that means the home, and ne. influence is bound
less in consequence.
"Our aim is to educate women up to the pcfnt where
they can and will think intelligently upon what affects
their home Interests. Our purpose is simply one of educa
tion. We do not bother with religious questions, temper
ance questions or suffrage Questions. We are content to
let them alone.
**1 believe that every woman should be a repeater, in
the best sense of the word. She should vote two or three
times, tlwoush her father, her brother anil her sweetheart
or husband. Put a woman to work on the masculine mem
bers of her household, and she can do a great deal it she
knows her subject. That is our part. We try to equip
them with the necessary information, and then let them
go ahead and steer their men in the right paths."
With the close of the campaign, Miss Boswell packed
her grip and hurried back to Washington, where are lo
cated the permanent offices of the national association.
There is much to do in the other nine months of the year
toward making votes. Besides, there is bread and butter
to ear*. In her case the baker Is Tncle Sam, as MI-»
Boswell holds a lucrative position in the Treasury Depart
Mrs. 3. Ellen Foster, president of th« Woman* Na
tional Republican Association, devoted her attention al
most entirely to Colorado. Utah, Idaho and Wyoming,
with headquarters la Denver. She Is a veteran in political
work, and the Nestor or women s organlsatiooa. She was
assisted In the Western field by Miss Estello Reel, a clever
Miss ; Reel was very active In 'Wyoming during the
Presidential contest four years ago, and as a reward re
ceived from President McKlaley the : appointment as Su
perintendent of Indian Schools, the highest position In th«
government service ever attained by a woman. . That the
post was envied by men of merit Is evidenced by th« fact
that a prominent candidate was no less a perron than the
now president of Colombia University, Nicholas Murray
Butler. The position pays $4300, but the influence it swings
In educational fields generally makes it one much sought
alter by pedagogues.
KOV THE VEST VAS ORGANIZED
To itTa. Foster and Miss Reel are attributed the mark*
efl development of women's organizations in th« Far WmL
Up to a few years ago political clubs there were only
tentative affaire, organised for each campaign. Now tney
are all under the wing of the Woman's National Republi
can Association, with permanent organization, taking
a healthy and active Interest In national and State affairs
tine whole year round. Officers are elected for terms of
four years, and between campaigns the watch fires are
kept burning through educational work.
From Chicago, where Miss Alice Rossi ter Willard pre
sided at the oranch headquarters in the Auditorium Hotel,
all the literature for the West was distributed.
Much of the printed matter was prepared In New
York by women, although pamphlets issued by national
headquarters for the men voters were also distributed
union* the women, both East and West.
Mrs, Cornelia Robinson, of New York city, wrote the
bulk of this literature. She is vice chairman of the Execu
tive Committee of the Woman's Republican Association of
New York, and is well known as a etndent of social and
political economics. Her leaflet on the money question
was used as a campaign document by the Republicans
Associated with Mrs. Robinson In the work of pre
paring party ammunition was Mrs. Clarence Burns, a
woman to whom high tribute has been paid for her work
In the tenement districts of New York. Interested orig
inally in politics through her efforts to better the moral
and social conditions of the people of the congested East
Side, the branched out along political lines, and is now
treasurer of the Woman's Republican Association of the
State of New York, as well as being honorary president of
the West Sod Woman's Republican Association of New
This year Mrs. Burns devised a series of parlor meet-
Ings for women, addressed by well-known female speak
ers, and said she found them of great service. She and
thoee associated with her hired halls and held mass meet
ings that attracted a great deal of attention.
Tbese women paid all their own expenses, except the
literature, which was sent them free of charge.
Mrs. Augustine J. Wilson, Mrs. Robert F. Wilhelm and
Mrs. John Francis Barry are among the other women who
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE. SUNDAY. .NOVEMBER 13. IW4
worked hard for Repnbllcan success In New York city.
They arranged mass meetings for women, at which cups
of tea were handed around, and distributed vast quanti
ties of- literature.
While women of Democratic faith were as deeply In
terested and perhaps as active. In their way, tbay adopted
dlfferrat methods of missionary work.
They have no national organisation and few State
clubs- In the Far West they form campaign clubs for
each contest, but do not attempt to make them permanent.
During the campaign Just closed they had a number
of effective organizations and many enthusiastic workers
In New York city. One of these bodies was the Woman's
East 6Me Democratic Club, ot which Mrs. Jußus Har
burger. wife of the Tammany leader of tha Tenth Assem-
FROM IGNORANT RUSSIAN IMMIGRANT TO BRILLIANT
I GIRL COLLEGE STUDENT AND ALL WITHIN FOUR YEARS
WHAT a bright girl can do when spurred
by ambition is sometimes shown in *
remarkable way. Here is a shining ex
A little more than four years ago an Immigrant from
Russia, with her knowledge of English limited to half a
dozen words picked up on the steamer which brought her
over; to-day a student in college, after a most astonishing
career through the Boston public schools. Is the summary
of what has been accomplished by Anas Tyna Helman, a
Hebrew girl, now in her 18th year.
Miss Helraan'E record in the public schools of the Hub
Is looked upon as unprecedented by her teachers and
; friends. Not only did she actually complete what may
ifce called six years of grammar school work in ten months,
! but she completed the four-year course In the Girls* L*tln
• School, one of the city's utrictest educational institutions,
in three years, and with a standing among the highest
erer known In the school. Now she is in Mount Holyoke
College, South Hadley. Muss,, and has already, it Is said,
established a reputation tor fine scholarship in that insti
Added to her other accomplishments. Miss Helman la
pretty, healthy and modest. Her own story of her bchool
"1 was born In the little town of Kisbeleff. near Odessa.
In Russia, May U, 1386. When I was • years old I went
with relatives to Buenos Ay res, in South America, and
remained there four years; then I retuxneu. to Russia.
There I stayed for tour yean more and then I came to this
"When I went back to Russia from South America- I
entered the grammar school In Kisheleff. That school la
much different from grammar schools In this country. It
Is called a grammar school, but It Is In reality a primary,
grammar and high school all In one.
"During my course there I studied the French and
Russian languages acd ancient and Russian history. Noth
ing at all was taught us about America, nor was Utars
any geography or arithmetic, or any of the studies com
monly taught In American grammar schools.
••Everything In tie schools In Russia is done different-
My -District, was president. Th« dub kept open
dear for those In distress or needing;advice, and
was accounted a power on ..ne East Side.
'>-_ •llow do the members of our club work? By so
la* among: the people." said i-r«. llarbur»er, In respons*
to a question a short time before the election.
"The club has now nearly 200 members, and about fifty
active work*™." she continued. "By that I mean worker*
who give a great deal of time to visitlcs- : Every member
- "The sjay we manage Is to divide the district up Into
sections of on« or two streets and then portion them out
to as many women. I. believe firmly In giving a helping
hand unco along, for I find that when the caller be
friends a sick or destitute child or woman, the man of the
house . always. hears ■ of • It; along with ' the political. talk
which was tacked oh," and it Is bound to Influence him If
he Is on what we consider the wrong side of politics.V
"First of all. though, the visitor finds out If the man or
men of the house are naturalised clUcens. If not, we see
to It that they become citizens, and that they register and
"Till* club grow? Witt, I should say it had! When 1
started it. three years ago, there >vere Just ten members."
.WAKES VOTES BY GOING BAIL
Mts. Harburger is not in favor of having women vote.
"Men, even the most Ignorant," she said, "know
enough to faH in line and do quietly what Is expected of
them. lam afraid there will be a lot of fussing if women
ever get near the polls."
Mrs. Max Purges, wife of a former Alderman, was also
energetic in gathering In Democratic votes, l-ike Mrs.
Harburjrer, Mrs. Purges put forth personal influence as
the irost valuable means to the end she sought, but she
said she got better results from calling on the men than
from drinking tea with the women.
Here is her own story of her political efforts, told when
the campaign was ncaring its close:
•The majority ot men. 1 find, won't pay any attention
when their wives begin to talk politics to them," Mrs.
Porg*s said, "and ten chances to one, anyway, a woman
forgets all I have been telling her long before her husband
reaches homo, or at best she only holds on to a smattering
of It No. Igo straight for the man whenerer I can.
"How do I reach them? In fifty different ways. In
this district there are Russians, Poles. Scandinavians and
men of other nationalities. Each needs to be won in a
different way. I'seldom begin to work hard till after regis
tration, and of course. I never waste any time on any >.«t
doubtful subjects—that to. men of whose politics 1 am
not sure. A man who has voted either Ucket for years I
ly from what it la Id this country. The teachers are not
a* bright or well educated or trained for their work, and
it takes almost twice as long to arriTe at the same result.
"As soon as my people arrived In Boston end made a
home. I began to want to go to school. Children with
whom I became acquainted told me so much about the
American schools, and how nice they were, that I was
very anxious tor U»e day to come when I could begin
study tn them.
-I flrst entered the primary school, being assigned t«
It. I ■uppoa^ because they thought that, coming Irora
Russia I would not be much beyond that grade. 1 was
put hi the very lowest das., given a first reader and some
lessens in addition and subtraction. •
"I have to smile now when 1 recall how long I was m
that claas. It waj Just two days. Then the teacher saw
I was too advanced tor it. and the principal put me into
a more advanced class, giving me the third reader, an*
skipping the second.
•This only lasted a little while before I was advanced
to the grammar school and put into the sixth grade. I
was m the sixth grade about three months, and was then
advanced to the highest class, the ninth grade, from whlcß
1 graduated in June.
-When I went into the primary school I did not Knew
a word of English, and it was a little hard at first, but
my knowledge of French and other languages stood me la
good stead, and with the aid of one of my teachers, who
spoke French. I soon understood what was wanted of me
In English and was enabled to master the language faster
than I would otherwise. All through my school Ufa la
America, my teachers have been very kind to me.
"At the grammar school in the ninth grade I studied
American history, physics and arithmetic, none of which
X bad ever undertaken until 1 came to tai* country. 1 was
afraid of the English, but I made up my anind to learn A
quickly, and did so. I think the ordinary primary school
course In Boston hi two years, and the grammar course
four, *o that in my ten months of schooling in Boston, X
completed six years' work.
• V.ten I left the grammar school I entered the Girls*
Latin School, and though the studies were difficult at first.
'"Throe weeks ago a man cam* to see me and said bj»
brother-in-law had been arrested and -would have to %txf
In jail over Sunday unless he got bail. A bondsman had
offered himself, but ho was ono of tha professional sort
and was blacklisted, so the brother-tn-law came to me. I
knew the prisoner. H« to a decent enough fellow in tta«
main, but he had been 'run In' for malting things unplec**
ant for non-union men. I went to court and bailed aim
out. and hs was so grateful that in return u« promised to
work a month for mo before election to t-t In vote*. H«
kept bis word, too.
"I bailed dozens of men who, by giving way to temper
or getting drunk, ha* been locked up, a*-I they alvay«
pay m« back hi the way I like best. I draw th» line at
dishonesty though, and won't h.elp thieves.
•When 1 am after a man I go to see him at his home.
Igo at night or on Sundays. I don't care if I am out t-U
1 or 2 o'clock In the morning, so long as I get what 1 am
after. I am so well known around here that no on« Aould
dif am of harming me.
"Sometimes, when I approach a man on the subject of
h!s vote, he tells me to mind my own business, but as •
rule he listens to what 1 have to say.
"One year I got a big vote from the push-cart men
because 1 bad so many times paid their fines. No, I never
ffn on the stump. I don't believe in women stumping.
They «r* never impressive, it teems to ma. Men always
laugh at them Neither do I believe in women voting. But
1 am sure that women can do Just as good political work
as nren If they try, # althougu they may do It in a different
wny. Women are beginning to find this out and to get t«
work, even the very plainest of them."
I worke.l hard and completed the regular four years*
course in three years. 1 do not know mat 1 did anything
out of the ordinary. I simply kept at my studies ana
worked bard. My teachers and the head master were cJ
helpful to me, and aided me over many difficult places.
"When I finished at the Latin School I thought of
entering Boston University, and took the entrance exami
nations, but later decided to sro to Mount Holyoke Col
I II ■ ».
Tyna^Helman, the Educational Alazvel