Newspaper Page Text
THANKSGIVING DflY, ITS ORIGIN fIND HOW IT MfIDE THE TURKEYFftMOUS
ON Oct. 3, 1863, President Lincoln
invited the people to set apart
and observe the last Thursday
"of November next" as a day of
national thanksgiving, praise and
prayer. It was the first national
Thanksgiving proclamation issued by a
chief executive of the United States.
The Weekly Pioneer and Democrat,
published in St. Paul, printed the presi
dent's proclamation, but without com
ment of any kind.
A Dr. Muhlenberg, writer of the
hymn, "I Would Not Live Always," had
made a metrical version of Lincoln's
proclamation, and the doctor's friends
obtained the consent of the president
to call it "The President's Hymn." It
was first sent to the New York Tribune
with the request that the editor pub
lish it and use his influence to induce
the people throughout the loyal states
to sing it in the churches on the ap
proaching Thanksgiving. The first
stanza was as follows:
"Give thanks, all ye people, give thanks
to the Lord.
Alleluias of freedom, with joyful ac
Let the East and the West, North and
South roll along.
Sea, mountain and prairie, one Thanks
There were nine stanzas, and after
each one the following chorus was
"Give thanks, all ye people, give thanks
to the Lord,
Alleluias of freedom, with joyful ac
The day after Thanksgiving the
Pioneer and Democrat published the
letter that had been written to the
New York Tribune, and also the hymn,
— but, of course, it was then too late for
use on Thanksgiving day.
No Celebration Reported
If there was any celebration in St.
Paul on the first national Thanksgiv
ing day, the weekly newspaper main-
,»«A»A«A«A««««A««« ttt^t *.* ttttttttltt>>>^>>>tt>< o
fifi IJUST got a letter from my old
jyj pal, Arthur Hapgood, the tramp
reporter," said the veteran
newspaper man to the rest of the staff,
after the last sheet of copy had been
sent down to the composing room. 'It
Is a typical Hapgood letter, and tells
me about the country weekly that he
floated away from up in a small town
"Happy was working on the Boston
Herald, not so very long ago, and broke
up a poker game one night. He cleaned
up a few hundred dollars from the
game, and then placed the roll on
Colonial Girl to win the Worlds Fair
handicap in St. Louis this summer. As
you know, the girl romped in an easy
winner, and Happy counted up an even
$1,700 after he had cashed his ticket.
"No good tramp could ever think of
■vvorkjng with so much money in his
pocket. Happy threw up his job and
started out to enjoy life to the fullest
extent. He was long on this enjoyment
feature, and in the course of the next
twenty-four hours set himself back to
the tune of a hundred dollars. Then he
met a newspaper man from near Wor
cester, who owned a country weekly,
frftd the pair started to see who could
drink the greater number of high balls.
"The country newspaper man must
have been a human sponge, for when
Happy woke up he only had $200 left,
and found himself the sole owner of a
newspaper plant worth about $700. for
which he had paid somewhere in the
vicinity of $1,300. He accepted the
situation like a true tramp, and start
ed for his new home, to assume the
active editorship of the sheet.
"Happy was about everything that a
man possibly could be on that paper.
He hustled advertisements, wrote edi
torials, looked important to his one
oub -reporter, grapevined telegraph,
•wrote features, took photographs, made
up the forms, and even ran the press
when his pressman went on a protract
ed spree. He made a rattling good
weekly out of it as far as the news
■was concerned, but the advertisements
did not amount to sufficient to pay
Happy's cigarette bills, and the end
soon came in sight.
"Happy, though, was one of those
people who never thought of the end.
As long as he had a good suit of
clothes, a place to sleep, and fair pros
pects of eating, he did not worry. He
lived on the principal of sufficient unto
the day is the evil thereof, and that it
■was better to let your creditors worry
than to worry yourself. These maxims
might have been all right for Happy,
the tramp reporter, but for Happy, the
publisher, they were not.
"Bills accumulated and were stuck
into the waste basket with careless
abandon. Collectors were invited out
to have a drink, and stalled off in a
masterly style. Happy still wore his
good suit of clothes, and managed to
get enough money out of the poker
game down in Worcester to supply his
"But the crash was inevitable, and
one day in walked the sheriff, armed
■with a big paper bearing a red seal.
" 'Sorry, Arthur, but you don't own
this paper any more.' said the sheriff.
'I have to take it over.'
'"On the level?' said the cool tramp
" 'No two ways about it, Arthur,'
answered the sheriff.
"Happy sat back in his chair, lighted
a cigarette, and smiled. He was doing
some tall thinking, but could find no
way out of the mixup.
" 'All right, old boy,' he said to the
sheriff. 'She's yours, and may the good
Lord have mercy on your soul. Don't
fire the cub. He's a good sort. Come
out aod buy a drink. I'm all in.'
"The sheriff purchased, for he was
really a good natured chap, and hated
to turn Arthur out. After surrounding
a few high balls Arthur went to his
boarding house, packed his grip, and
poured a hard luck tale Into the ear of
his landlady. Then he laid down and
rested for a few hours, until darkness
y.z "Then. he pulled off his ; grand s- finale.
;"S Taking, a side street, he approached his
former office, which contained, among
~i other things, his j;'dearly beloved • type
writer, for which he had paid the ; sum
\.i of $95 cash. Carefully opening up the
; ; window, he ; climbed £ into * ; the office,
- locked the cover on- the typewriter,
WweYeiS it out" onto the ground, and ten
minutes later was on board ia" trolley
j car, making - twenty miles an ' hour for
Worcester. Landing in that town he
v. bought a ticket ; for New York, spend-!
V ing hfs last note, and the next they
heard him ihe was : down in Charles
ton, S. C, reading proof on the f News
i %nd. Courier. He didn't care a conti
nental for the parting 4of the ways be
*—'— *~i™ i ""<! ; hi* r country weekly, but i
tamed a discreet silence in regard to
it. A short local item in the paper of
that week states that "Tuesday there
was but little ice running (in the riv
er) after noon, but the river contin
ued to fall steadily," and that 'the
cutter came in abput 5 o'clock with
two barges from Red Rock, with one
passenger car and a lot of railroad
iron, left behind yesterday."
But whether it grew colder and there
was skating for the first Thanksgiving,
or whether Thursday was a beautiful
Indian summer day the weekly sayeth
not. But a year latter there was really
"something doing" in the way of cele
bration. The St. Paul Daily Press
printed in its issue of Thursday, Nov.
24, 1864, Abraham Lincoln's second
Thanksgiving proclamation, also the
proclamation of Gov. Stephen Miller.
The latter was the first Thanksgiving
proclamation issued by a Minnesota
"In compliance with the statutes of
Minnesota, the recommendations of the
president of the United States, and the
sentiments of the Christian people of
the land," it began, "I, Stephen Miller,
governor of- the state of Minnesota,
do appoint Thursday, the 24th day of
November inst.. as a day of sojetnn and
public thanksgiving and praise to Al
mighty God, and recommend that, sus
pending their usual avocations and re
pairing to their customary places of
worship, the people do, on said.day,
humbly and earnestly acknowledge the
innumerable blessings which have
crowned the year." And there was
much more in the same devout strain.
Press Takes a Day Off
The leading editorial in the Press
that Thursday morning was entitled,
"Thanksgiving." "Today is set apart,"
it said, "both by the national and state
executives—a happy improvement
which nationalizes a good New Eng
land custom of the olden times—as a
day of thanksgiving to the Supreme
he absolutely refused to stand for the
loss of his old friend, the typewriter."
Bings and the Telephone
Bingrs no longer believes in the tele
phone as the great saver of American
muscle and expenditure. In fact, Bings
has ripped out his phone, refused to
pay his bill, and even stripped the
wires from the roof of his house.
About three weeks ago a smooth sol
icitor from a telephone company ap
proached Bings, and made overtures
regarding the installation of a time
saver in Bings' residence. It took
about thirty-five minutes to compel
Bings to sign a contract, and two days
later the telephone, in all its glory,
was installed in the library.
This in itself was not a bad omen.
But Bings was the proud possessor of
the best servant girl at Lonesomehurst,
the suburb in which his cottage stands.
The servant girl was better-looking
than the average kitchen superintend
ent, and a leader in the local 400 crust
of the Servant Girls' Social and Pleas
ure association. Her name was Lillian
Schnitzelheimer. She was fair, buxom
and in the estimation of her friends
Lillian attended a dance every night
in the week. She had more gentlemen
friends than all the other servant girls
in Lonesomehurst put together, but all
this did not count with Bings. Lillian
was a model of neatness around the
house, a cook unequaled in fifteen
states, and, moreover, thrifty and satis
fled with her position. She was a per
manent fixture in the Bings establish
ment, and Mrs. Bings was the envy
of all her neighbors, who never could
succeed in keeping a girl for more than
three weeks at a stretch.
But the telephone ended it all. Sor
row now reigns in the Bings house, in
stead of the Jovial Lillian, and Mrs.
Bings, with a faraway look in her eye,
is haunting the employment offices to
find a substitute for Lillian.
Lillian attended six dances last
week. She went out visiting Sunday
* I^'' ■-' -^; - . - '-^Mm m ♦
'- sT^Jwv^r r^^^Z^^^. * ■>-♦■>.-4.^. ♦♦♦♦♦♦•»♦♦♦♦♦♦<
■< ''■'. Miss Rush Was Overcome While rm^ r S^m^y/.-'' I\\\V "' I-
] Bathing at San Dirgo, and In Spite \v^ -^^^^^// <vMi •'
■ of the Pictured Effort to Save Her, V.S^_ ir >^^ "' «» !
«■ Lost Her Life ■ ..^s^. .'J
•• ""»' ■•«-.'*. «•« >.> I >• ."■.■.-'.'. l . i _; iJ
Miss Hush Was Overcome While
Bathing at San Diego, and In Spite
of the Pictured Effort to Save Her,
Lost Her Life
morning, after cooking Bings' break
fast. Mrs. Bings and the two little
Bingseswere away with mother-in-law
There was nothing to keep Lillian
home, and as Bings wished to see her
enjoy herself and remain contented,
he allowed her to leave the house
shortly after breakfast.
Bings himself is a lover of comfort.
He does not go to church on Sunday
morning. Instead, he dons a dressing
gown, and reclines in a Morris chair
in his library. He usually takes the
Sunday paper, and after reading all the
local news, stretches out for a cigar.
After the cigar he takes a nap. After
the nap, a magazine, then a hot toddy,
then another cigar, and then another
nap. This is the acme of Sunday en
joyment to Bings.
Last Sunday things were different.
Bings decided that he would don the
dressing gown, and stretch out on his
couch in his bedroom. He had just
dived into the morning paper, and
was reading an interesting article on
the war in the far East when a whirl
wind ring at the telephone beil in
'That's Jinks telling me where to
meet him this afternoon for one round
of the golf links," he thought, and eag
erly rushed down stairs.
"Hello!" he yelled through the phone.
A strange voice answered.
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE. SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1904
Ruler for His mercies, toward us in the
past year—as eloquently recited in the
proclamations of the president and gov
ernor, to which attention is called. To
enable the Press printers to enjoy the
festivities of the national holiday, this
office will be closed tomorrow and our
next issue will be^on Saturday."
Th« final sentence demonstrates the
honesty of the editor's attitude toward
Thanksgiving, though there is nothing
in the editorial, or In any other por
tion of the paper, to explain why it
was celebrated on Friday instead of
The editorial on "Thanksgiving" was
immediately followed by a facetious
one entitled "The Turkey." It was ex
ceedingly eloquent, indeed, it was ar
apostrophe to the sacrificial bird.
"Royal turkey, symbolic bird—fat and
fourteen pounds—" he wrote with en
thusiasm, "all hail! Not when Jepthah
smote the Ammonites 'from Aroer even
unto Mennith,' did Miriam, sole* daugh
ter of his house and hope, fall a fairer
sacrifice to celebrate a grander occa
sion, or make a rarer roast than thou.
O fat and festive fowl—oleaginous and
good to eat —which Miriam wasn't."
An Ungallant Comparison
Comparisons are always odious, and
we think this one which compares the
gentler sex with the Thanksgiving fowl
was particularly unfortunate. Never
theless, no one can deny after reading
the editorial, its value as a literary ef
fort. In the issue of Saturday, Nov.
26, we read that "Minnesota enjoyed a
pleasant and tranquil Thanksgiving.
The day was cloudy, but mild enough
to render it comfortable for old and
young to be out doors and enjoy them
selves on skates and in other ways."
But the Press has to admit that "as
a whole the churches were not remark
ably well attended, though," it added,
"perhaps as well as could be expected,
considering the congealed state of the
river." The paper reported faithfully
the many eloquent sermons that were
delivered that Thanksgiving day, but it
is noticeable that as the years glided
on and as more and more Thanksgiving
days were celebrated in the growing
ISADORE RUSH, BEAUTIFUL ACTRESS,
10 FELL A VICTIM TO THE SEA
"Is that Main 6571? Yes? Well. I
want to speak to Miss Sehnitzelheim
er. Call her to the phone quick. Tm in
a hurry," was the demand of Lillian's
'•Sorry, but LHlian is out," replied
I Burlington i
| Route I
the direct and popular route for World's Fair visitors. A great many will take advantage of this rate. Step in
e arly and get your reservations via the direct line.
TICKET OFFICE, Fifth and Robert Streets. BOTH PHONES - Mais 1266. GEO. D. ROGERS, City Ticket Agent
town the newspapers were called upon
to report social festivities as well as
For many years the charity ball held '
in St. Paul on Thanksgiving eve was I
closely associated with the annual
feast, and the social columns were filled
with accounts of dinners and dances '
with which the people made merry. [
But in this city as well as other cities i
Thanksgiving day. like Christmas day !
was always regarded as a family fes- :
tiyal and in most of the social gath
erings, the guests have invariably been
limited to near relatives.
Festival of Ancient Origin
Americans like to think that Thanks
giving day is their own idea but a
search through their Bibles must con
vince them that the festival dates back
to Biblical times at least. The feast
of the Ingathering, observed by the an
cient Hebrews, was probably the be
ginning of all Thanksgiving days. In
Exodus is mentioned "the feast of the
harvest, the first fruits of thy labors,
which thou has sown in the field and
the feast of the-Ingathering, which is
the end of the year, when thou hast
gathered in thy labors out of the
field." The Greeks had their feast of
lJemeter, goddess of the cornfields and
the harvest, and the Romans observed
the harvest festival of Cerelia, which
was as ancient as the reign of Romu
lus. The old English Harvest Home
festival was observed as early as the
time of the Saxon Egbert and of Al
In the tight little isle" the farmers
?£ nt kept UP the custom of offering
thanks once a year in harvest time,
and Queen Elizabeth herself once is
sued a Thanksgiving proclamation.
On Thanksgiving day no servile work
may be performed," commanded the
royal bachelor girl, "and thanks should
be offered for the increase and abund
ance of Hia fruit upon the face of the
Oliver Cromwell appointed a day of
Thanksgiving, and when George 111.
came to himself after a fit of insanity,
all loyal Englishmen celebrated the
happy occurrence, and the day on
which this celebration took place was
called Thanksgiving day.
It is to be regretted that during the
"Say. you. who are you?" yelled back
the voice, aggressively. "You the but
ier. What right have you to call Miss
Schnitzelhelmer by her first name?
That's my right. She's my steady. See?
I'll take a crack at you and put you
queer, you razzle-brained boiled owl."
"Cut it out," yelled Bings. as he
hung up the receiver and went back to
Bings was lighting his cigar, when
again the telephone rang. He thought
this must be Jinks, so again made
haste down stairs.
"Hello!" shrilled a feminine voice. "I
want to talk to Lillian. Not In? O. I'm
so sorry. But you'll do. Just tell Lil
lian this is Maude, who works at the
ribbon counter at Slater's. Tell Lil
lian. I didn't get a chance to talk to her
at the Meat Cutters' ball last night, but
I just thought that her dress of burnt
onion was simply too sweet for any
thing. • And, oh, tell Lillian when she
comes in, that Tve got a date with
Billy Thomas to meet him and Eddie
Kennedy at the corner of Seventh and
Robert streets tomorrow night to go
to the Grand, and I want her to come.
I do think Lillian is the nicest, sweet
In disgust Bings again hung up the
WORLDS FAIR FINISH
For the closing days of the Exposition, commencing November 14th and until November 26th,
a $10.00 round trip rate will be named by the "Burlington Route," the line that has proven itself
reign of Elizabeth the Thanksgiving
festival became something of a nui
sance, for. not content with one festival
day, the English farmers had many,
and frequently the crops were permit
ted to rot in the field while the men
and women celebrated the harvest fes
tival. Finally a law was passed for
bidding the observance of any holi
days, until harvesting was over. In
Germany, in France and in other Euro
pean countries, special thanksgiving
days have frequently been observed
but England, perhaps, is the only coun
try that acquired the thanksgiving
habit, and the English people the only
people who had to be restrained by
law from celebrating It
It is probable that Thanksgiving day
meant more to the New England colo
nists tha» to any people who cele
brated it before or who have celebrated
it since. For the colonials celebrated it
only when they had good reason to be
thankful, and since they were God
fearing people, and since the precarious
existence they were forced to lead
made them. In a peculiar sense, de
pendable upon their faith, there was
the true thanksgiving spirit in their
The first account that Is given of a
Thanksgiving day in New England
serves to explain why the^ turkey has
become synonomous with the festival.
Says this account:
Turkey's Fame Accounted For
'On the Ingathering of the harvest in
September, 1621, the corn and barley
having yielded manifold, a public
Thanksgiving was declared." The ac
count further states that four hunters
were sent out to procure wild fowl,
and that they returned with an abund
ance of turkeys. Had they brought
back rabbits merely, the festival today
wo U i d not be written in letters 6t
black in the turkeys' calendar. A sec
ond public Thanksgiving took place in
16_3. There had been a long spell of
dry weather and the crops on which
the colonists' existence largeiy de
pended withered. A record kept of
that second Thanksgiving says:
"The Lord sent them such season
able showers, with interchange of
warm weather, as caused in time a
receiver, and went back to his couch.
He finished the cigar, and was just
breaking into his nap. He was dream-
Ing of making a record-breaking drive
on the Lonesomehurst links, when with
hundreds of people applauding, he
again awoke up, to find that the ap
plause was only the frantic ringing of
Once more he rushed to the library.
"'Lo. dere. I wanter speak ter Lilly,
see! Mouch, and get yer gloms on her
quick, see." commanded a harsh voice.
"Sorry, my gentle friend, but Lillian
is out attending a meeting of the
union," said Bings.
"Soy," yelled back the voice, "who
yer callin' gewle. I'm no gentle crit
ter, see! Dls is Jimmy Atkins, wot
drives the meat wagon for Slicems 1
grocery. Tin Lillian's best. See. And
*ay. just you tell Lillian dat I'll be up
ternite. and I'll smash you, yer fresh
Again Bings went back to the couch.
He had just dipped into the toddy,
when a fearful buzzing of the bell was
again heard. He rushed down, expect
ing that at last it was Jinks.
"Say, this Main 6571." yelled a male
voice. "Jest call Lilly to the phone,
"Lillian is not in," said Bings, thor
'Not in. eh, sonny. Well, tell her I
got stuck on her las' night at the dance,
and I wanter meet her. Tell her dat
I'm the feller that danced the twogtep
with her, and that wore the checkered
suit and the tall collar, and the new
red and green necktie. An" don't yer
Bings slowly toddled back to the
bedroom. He gathered up the mate
rials for more toddies, picked up pa
pers and magazines, and went back to
the library. He moved his Morris chair
to within striking distance of the tele
Two minutes later came another ring.
It was the first tough gentleman
"Soy." he yelled, "Is Lillian in yit?"
"Yes, she just came in." answered
Bings. with a diabolical expression on
"Tell her her steady wants ter speak
"Say 'please.'" softly, spoke Bings.
"Ter the wavy wid yours," yelled the
voice. "Git her to the phone, quick,
"Awfully sorry, but she just went
out again." said Bir,gs.
The conversation broke off in a wave
of profanity. Bings was grinning all
over his face.
For two solid hours the telephone
rang on an average of five minutes per
ring. Bings was wearing a haggard
expression. His hair was tossed, and
he was spending the time between
rings in putting hot toddies out of busi
At last he stole out of th« library,
and_with a stealthy tread wended his
way fo the wood yard. Here he se
lected the largest, thickest ax and re
turned to his station in -front of the
"Buz-z-z-z-z-," rang out the phone.
The ax swung around In a circle. It
crashed the phone into kindling wood.
•That for yours." said Bings.
"The line la out of order." said the
girl In central, answering the request
of Mamie Finnigain for Main 6571.
Yesterday Lillian threw up her job.
Things had arrived at a pretty pass
when a girl was losing all her friends
because her boss was no gentleman.
Besides, she didn't have to work. Her
father had a good express business,
and her mother was a first-class milli
ner. She wouldn't stay in any place
where her friends could not be treated
aa ladies and gentlemen. So there,
now, just you go and get another girl.
Bhe was no slave. No, slree. Not Lil
Now Binjrs refused to pay his bill.
He was down town last evening, con
sulting bis attorney regarding a suit
for damages, for the loss of one serv
ant girl, the best in the business. And
the telephone as a manner of saving
time and trouble is forever banished
from the Bings mind and the Kings
fruitful and a liberal harvest; for
which mercy, in time convenient, they
also solemnized a day of Thanksgiving
unto the Lord."
But even after that second Thanks
giving the colonists had a hard time of
it. Lieut. Gov. Dudley, in a letter
written home to the Countess of Lin
coln, observed pathetically: "Having
yet no table nor other room to write in
than by the fireside, upon my knee, in
this sharp winter, to which my family
must have leave to resort though they
break good manners and make me
many times forget what I would say,
and say what I would not." The win
ter of 1631 was very severe and dis
ease and famine stalked through the
"The people were very much tired
and discouraged, especially when they
heard that the governor himself had
the last batch of bread in the oven,"
wrote a chronicler sadly. But an Eng
lish ship, laden with provisions, came
on the very day that had been appoint
ed by the governor for fasting and
prayer, so the governor promptly
changed it to a day for thanksgiving.
As the years went by the festival be
came a formal yearly celebration in
Three Thanksgiving Days in 1863
On April 10, 1863. President Lincoln
"recommended to the people of the
United States, at their next weekly
assemblages in their accustomed places
of public worship." that they give
thanks publicly. Then came the great
victory at Gettysburg and the capture
of Vicksburg in July. 1863, whereupon
the president set apart Thursday, Aug.
6, 1863, to be observed as a day for na
tional thanksgiving. Again, in Octo
ber, 1863, he invited the people to set
apart and observe the last Thursday
"of November next" for a Thanksgiv
ing day. So it will be seen .that in
1863 three thanksgiving proclamations
were issued by the president of the
In the old colonial .lays the. Thanks
giving festival was invariably pre
ceded by a day of fasting and prayer.
This custom, however, did not survive
the colonial period. As the nation
grew and Increased in prosperity the
people evinced less and less liking for
fasting. Yet is was probably their
fasts, sometimes enforced by circum
stances, frequently voluntarily observ
ed, that caused the colonists to cele
brate with such great fervor the fes
tival of Thanksgiving.
The issue of the weekly Pioneer and
Promoted by Shampoos of
And Light Dressings of
This treatment at- once stops falling hair, removes
crusts, scales, .and dandruff, soothes irritated, itching
■^~_ ' surfaces, des
l - lv\ vV \ A the roots with
\ vn/ ifx enersy and
V I - V*^3r a, nourishment,
|V \. i®* f&s ffl an(^ ma^eS tne
fh%^ 00^ v hair grow upon
yOr^V Hi MY^ some, healthy
V J\w< * * seaI P wnen aN
TORTURING DISFIGURING HUMOURS
Speedy Cure Treatment.
Bathe the affected parts with hot water and Cuticura Soap, to cleanse
the skinand seal;, of crusts and scales, and soften the thickened cuticle.
Dry, without hard rubbing, and apply Cuticura Ointment freely, to
allay itching, irritation, and inflammation, and soothe and heal, and
lastly take Cuticura Resolvent Pills, to cool and cleanse the blood.
This pure, sweet, and wholesome treatment affords instant relief, per
mits rest and sleep, and points to a speedy, permanent, and economical
cure of the most torturing, disfiguring, itching, burning and scaly skin,
scalp, and blood humours, eczemas, rashes, and irritations, from in.
fancy to age, with loss of hair, when all else fails. r ;7 r
MILLIONS OF WOMEN USE
CuncußA ; Soap, assisted by^CCTicuRA Ointment, for preserving, purifying, and •.
- beautifying the skin, for cleansing the scalp of crusts, scales, and dandruff, and the"
Stopping of falling hair, for softening, whitening, 1 and soothing red, rough, and sore
hands.'for baby rashes, itchings, and chafings, in the form of baths for annoying
irritations and inflammations, or too free or offensive perspiration, in the form of
- washes for ulcerative weaknesses, and many sanative, antiseptic purposes which read
fly suggest themselves, as well as for all the purposes of the toilet, bath and nursery.
49^- Send tar All About the Skin. Scalp, and Hair." ;'Potter Drug & Chem. Corp., B«»toD. •
Democrat which contained the first
proclamation also contained Lincoln's
Gettysburg address. The former was
quite as notable a piece of literature
in its way as the latter. Its opening
'The year that is drawing toward its
close has been filled with the blessings
of fruitful fields and healthful skies.
To these bounties which are so con
stantly enjoyed that we are prone to
forget the sources from which they
come, others have been added which
ar e of so extraordinary a nature that
they cannot fail to penetrate and soften
even the heart which is habitually in
sensible to the ever watchful provi
dence of Almighty God," and the
concluding one. "I do, therefore, in
vite my fellow citizens in every part
of the United States and also those
who are at sea, and those who are so
journing in foreign lands, to observe
and set apart the last Thursday of
November next as a day of thanksgiv
ing and prayer to our beneficent Father
who dwelleth in the heavens, and I
recommend to them that, while offer
ing up the thanks justly due to Him
for such singular deliverances and
blessings, they do also, with humble
penitence for our national perverseness
and disobedience, commend to his ten
der care all those who have become
widows, orphans or sufferers in la
mentable civil strife in which we are
unavoidably engaged, and fervently
implore the interposition of the Al
mighty Hand to heal the wounds of
Many Thanksgiving proclamations
have followed that first national one,
but certainly none of these has been
more unmistakably stamped with sin
The Five Popes
There are five popes in the world, each
claiming universal authority, and witli such
contempt for competitors that they will not
even notice them. First, there is the pope
of the Latin Catholic church, at Rome;
next, the Pope Nicholas, czar of Russia;
then the Father of the Faithful, ruling at
Constantinople, and the Dalai Lama, who
lately ran away from Lassa. leaving his
500,000.000 subjects temporarily without a
religious head. Finally, there" is tho Ma
hometan i>oih'. who rules in Morocco. They
are all tolerably hard up at present, or
claim to be, but that is no new thing In
their historical development. The wonder
about their fiuances is that in this age of
the world, with its prize systems of book
keepinp and its expectation of some sort
of a return from all investments, anybody
can be found to contribute to them.—New