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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, April 30, 1905, Image 20

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The St. Paul Globe
THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS
CrncTAt. Cr^i^^^^jwiCi City of
Pate« V*^3rlTfcrf-^ r "^ St. Paul
Entered at Postofflco at St. Paul. Minn.,
as Second-Class Matter.
TELEPHONE CALLS
Northwestern—Bus 1065 Main.
Editorial. 78 Main.
Twin City—Business. 1065; Editorial. 78.
CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS
By Carrier—Monthly Rate Only
Dally only 40 cents per month
Dally and Sunday 80 cents per month
Bunday .20 cents per month
COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS
By Mall. | 1 mo. [6 mos. 112 moaT
Bally only I 25 | $1.50 I $3.00
ally and Sunday .. .35 2.00 | 4.00
Sunday I .20 I 1.10 I 2.00
EASTERN REPRESENTATIVE
XT. J. MORTON. -
150 Nassau St.. New York City.
• : 87 Washington St.. Chioaco.
THE ST.PAUL DAILY GLOBE'S
■ circulation Is now the larg
est morning circulation in St.
Paul.
j%/CORE copies of the St. Paul
•»■ Globe than of any other
morning newspaper in St. Paul
or Minneapolis are delivered by
carriers to regular paid subscrib- '
ers at their homes.
THE St. Paul Sunday Globe is
■■ now acknowledged to be the
best Sunday Paper In the North
west and has the largest circu
lation.
ADVERTISERS get 100 per
'■ cent more In results for the
money they spend on advertising
in The Globe than from any other
paper. "
THE Globe circulation Is ex
■ elusive, because it is the only
Democratic Newspaper of gen
eral circulation In the. Northwest.
A DVERTISERS In The Globe
*■ reach this great and daily
increasing constituency, and It
cannot Le reached Iri any other
way.
RESULTS COUNT—
THE GLOBE GIVES THEM.
SUNDAY, APRIL 30, 1905
THE OPTIMIST
Were it within our power to found and
endow any great institution for the in
struction, the guidance and the en
lightenment of the people, one test at
least should be applied. Greater than
any dogma or economic orthodoxy or
political righteousness, or even than a
high standard of ethics and aesthetics,
should be the viewpoint of the opti
mist. In as far as this is a matter of
temperament, it is, of course, like other
natural forces, unchangeable in
amount. In as far as it is the conse
quence of environment, of education, of
contact, of influence—and no one could
gainsay their power—it is a growth of
such precioasness to humanity that
too great pains cannot be lavished on
its care.
The creative force in the individual,
in society—the generative, molding,
self-perpetuating power—is the belief
in infinite and unceasing betterment.
We worship it under another name
when we „ prate about "progress,"
meaning thereby as often as not things
desirable and undesirable in curious
mixture; an idol of gold with feet of
clay. But underneath this confusion,
the idea is there. In a dim way, long
before the evolutionary theory was
dreamed or guessed at, the intuitive
divination which is in man had told
him that he was but at the outset of a
long journey and that his path lay up
ward. AJI they who have walked
worthily have carried that message in
their hearts.
The whole world is trembling on the
threshold of the mighty secret that
not a few have guessed. This is the
ultimate, dominating, indestructible
mastery of the force which we name
will or soul, for want of a definite term
irology to match a defined conception.
It will be accepted when its .passport is
vised by science, to whom the multi
tude have dedicated authority to pass
on many things. And the pen of sci
ence is poised above the scroll in readi
ness to write.
Her very latest word is of particles
so infinitely smaller than atoms as to
beggar comparison, and so endowed for
effective work that we must conceive
them as always and with incompara
ble rapidity giving off electrical dis
charges and recuperating. At this cli
max of subdivision the distinction be
tween force and matter sinks to a mere
name ana vanishes. Their stuff wavers
and becomes identical. Nothing but
fear of announcing too soon a doctrine
whose demonstration will be difficult,
and of enduring the reproach of unsci
entific method prevents the greatest
minds of the world today from resolv
ing all that the senses know and all
that the mind conceives into different
forms of the one psychic force that
dees not so much pervade the universe
as constitute it.
The tremendous and immediate les-
Bon of this fact is that we are not
creatures but masters of our fate. The
world wags badly, events happen un
tcwardly and peoples rush upon their
destruction not because of some malefic
power, or because blind chance has
turned her wheel to leftward in a pet,
but because humanity is not great,
pure, wise and determined enough to
choose its own goal and reach it. Down
somewhere In the mass of unformed
protoplasm there was a force, call it
what you please, response to a stimu
lus, sensitiveness to environment, that
constituted at once a longing and a
prophecy of all that was to be. In that
tiny mirror is reflected the highest
achievement; there may be seen not
only the noble visage of man, but the
vague yet diviner features of Beyond-
Man.
Looking at nature's story we see
how supremely events may be affected
by habit of mind and tendency of
thought. That which we would be, we
may become; and if the work is not
complete, there Is at least a growth
into likeness. Optimism and pes
simism, then, appear not as mere tri
fles of constitution like the outline of
a nose or the accent of a voice, but
definite and determinative factors in
development; arbiters of fate and mes
sengers of destiny. The instinctive
aversion to the fretful, the complain
ing, the faint heart, the discouraged,
' to all the wailing Multitude* for whom
a check spells defeat, is justified. For
they are, by this very attitude of mind,
: setting at work infinite hosts of mental
j brownies to pull the world to disinte
. gration and ruin. And the optimist, the
Cheerful Fool, the man who does his
work gaily and with a light heart, reck
less of consequences so the work be
good, and confident that it counts in
the sum total and event of things as a
formative power, he is in harmony
with life and with the unseen power
that set the planets in their orbits and
sways the courses of the spheres.
The gospel of good cheer becomes in
this view something more than a tale
wherewith to soothe the nerves of
frightened children or divert the
tr» inors of old age from apprehended
woes. It is like the light that played
upon the face of the waters or
ever the world began. Belief in
the existence and persistence of the
1m st, in growing and becoming, and in
the immutable power of the human
unit to overcome and ascend is the
first word and the last from behind
the veil. Despondency and discourage
ment and fear and all the attendants in
the train of pessimism arc simply de
generative, destructive, paralytic. What
\\<> will, that we are and that we
achieve. And he who holds to the un
faltering faith that the great plan and
scheme of things is one of incessant
betterment, and that he has his grain
of sand to lift or his mountain to move
and can do it with a smile, is equal
to the gods of old. Out of his loins
will spring the progeny of a larger age,
and by his effective hope will the city
of the future be builded.
AN ACKNOWLEDGMENT
It would be a pleasing task for The
Globe to acknowledge personally by
letter or formally through its columns
the receipt of hundreds of letters that
have reachod it within the last few
days, containing expressions of regret
that are not the less appreciated and
words of commendation that are not
the less grateful because of the occa
sion that calls them forth. The great
volume of this correspondence makes
an individual acknowledgment impos
sible. We must, therefore, be content
with the more distant and colder
phrase, where much more than that
i.s due.
At no other time, perhaps, has The
Globe ever realized so fully its place
in this community and its hold upon
the men and women of the northwest.
These letters that have come to us are
from all sections, from all occupations,
from all ranks. They carry the words
of those who have sincerely loved The
Globe; who have read it for years
and found it at least an honest and a
faithful guide; who have let it become
a part of the household, and welcomed
each morning the show of its type as
the face of a familiar friend.
These, toward whom our heart is
very tender, 1n the closing hour, tell
us what The Globe has meant to
them; bear witness to its sincerity and
steadfastness: avow its place in clean,
honorable and alert, up-to-date jour
nalism. As we part from all with good
will, so to these especial friends we
render thanks for a recognition which
we have long known and understood,
and which crowns the work accom
plished. With a good conscience and the
hearty good cheer of brotherhood we
acknowledge here the goodbys of all
these friends and the tributes they
have so generously rendered.
THERE'LL BE NO TOMORROW
The clang of the pick swung by T.
Lowty's hired man sounds the knell
of night and we know over be
yond Dayton's Bluff Aurora is prepar
ing to write with rosy finger the matin
song of another day. That hope which
springs eternal In the human bueast
leads us to look for the morrow which
is so close at hand. All about us
there are evidences that have hitherto
pointed inexorably to tomorrow and
its duties. "Constant Reader" .and "A
Subscriber" have both furnished ma
terial proof of their abiding Interest
in the affairs of mankind; the man
with a scheme to build an auditorium
is at hand with his plans for a roseate
future; a press agent groans with
anguish because of the obduracy of an
editor who conceives that the public
will not go breakfastless unless it is
permitted to read a really good story
about the coming star; the printer's
devil raises a raucous voice in petition
for the copy he and his impish prede
cessors have been clamoring for, for Ib,
these many years;'the police reporter
on the dog watch Inveighs against the
fate that threatens to undo him by im
posing the bar of time to the present
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE. SUNDAY, APRIL 30. 1905
publication of the story that is to make
his hated rival to writhe with envy.
The conditions are as they were yes
terday and man} yesterdays, all fore
casting as many tomorrows and in
spiring hope—even as man hopes
when winter wraps his chill mantle
about the earth as a* shroud of death,
but without being able to kill in the
♦uman mind the knowledge that un
der the snow tnere is the germ of
spring. But the voices of the night
sing no song of the morrow in this
hour—the hour before dawn when
babes are born and old men and news
papers die. •
For there will be no tomorrow for
"Constant Reader;" "A Subscriber"
must conduct the affairs of the world
through another medium; rosy fin
gered Aurora will continue to linger be
hind Dayton's Bluff; T. Lowry's hired
man might as well break his pick now
for all the chance there is that it will
with its ringing clang evoke from the
toiler in Tlj c G-l ob c office the benisons
that have hitherto been bestowed on
the man who wields it. The spirit of
prophecy which comes with the even
ing of life, when coming events cast
their shadows before, settles down on
Th c Glob c. It sees afar off the re
alization of tlfe auditorium project in
a proud building which flaunts its
grandeur before the decaying walls of
the new capitol grown old; airships
have taken the place of trolley cars en
franchised by hot air; the question
"Whai's »c Matter With St. Paul" is
satisfactorily answered; the court com
missioner has been substituted for the
supreme bench; "Constant Reader" has
been abolished by statute. And draw
ing closer to the "present there is a
straining of the spirit of prophecy, the
voice of the printer's devil stills the
surging of the prophetic soul, and we
know that tomorrow is not to be—that
the precedent of the ages is upset by
dX announcement in the Globe office
that all is finished by the writing of
3a
A FEW FALLACIES
We publish in another column a very
interesting statement of the academic
theory of socialism, in reply to some
articles recently appearing editorially
In Th c Glob c. U is a pleasure to
give place t© this letter, because it re
veals so clearly the philanthropic ideas
of those who have been taken captive
by the socialistic notion, and discloses
their utter practical weakness.
The idea which the writer entertains
of society is a beautiful one. As we
have already said, the socialistic
scheme, being applicable successfully
only in an ideal community among per
fect men and women, is bound to ap
peal to the imagination strongly. Our
point is that it does not appeal with
equal force to practical common sense;
and that, as men and women are today,
It Is not a practical working hypothesis.
Mr. Borky makes some statements
that must be unconditionally chal
lenged. He says that "competition for
a living is unnatural. Neither nature
nor its Creator intended one creature
should need to ask another creature
for v chance to make a living." Now
nothing is clearer in the history of life
on this planet than the fact that one
life climbs upon the wreck of another
to its development. Animal preys upon
animal, and the stronger upon the
weaker. We are not speaking of this
as having any relation to the moral
law. \\> mention it as a fact in the
piocess of development. Man elevated
and ennobled is working away from
this crude and inhuman system; but
nevertheless it Is the system according
to which nature worked out her ele
mentary plan. We may get away from
the competitive struggle after a while
by some development, but if so we
cannot appeal to the natural order, but
to the development of moral and eth
ical impulses in man.
Mr. Borky admits the whole point
raised by Th cGI ob c when he speaks
of his ideal as "ability and labor con
secrated to the public, scientifically
directed by a government of industrial
experts." There's the rub. How is he
going to pick out his industrial ex
perts, and then how is he going to get a
government composed of them? Are
the men in public place today always
the fittest? Do we find the experts in
all lines of work chosen to public office
having such work in their charge? Is
it not rather common that the unfit
find the place? Under the socialistic
scheme, as at present, men must work
out their own salvation; and the best
government that can be hoped for is
one representing not the highest type,
but the average intelligence of the
whole body of the people. There is not
the slightest promise of securing a
government by industrial experts any
where in the whole socialistic plan.
Finally, the socialist seems to us at
utter variance with all experience and
all human nature when he points to "a
secure future" as the most delectable
gift to be coifferred upon mankind. On
the contrary, we find in insecurity the
great incentive to struggle, the great
motive power of progress. Who are
they who do things? Are they not men
who rose from poverty and were stim
ulated to effort by the need of labor?
Whore do we find the least admirable
class of human beings on the face of
the earth today? Is it not among those
whose future is secure from birth? Go
into any of the centers of wealth, look
at the younger people of the leisure
class and see what is their standard of
conduct as a whole, and what their
highest ambition.
The truth is that it requires human
effort of the highest order to withstand
the enervating influence, the debilitat
ing attack of a future immune from
poverty and uninvited to labor. Work
is no- curse, but a blessing. The only
man who is entitled to live is the work
er. Give to all the race today a secure
future, and not only would efTort de
crease and die away, but, unlike the
false and fairylike picture that Bel
lamy drew in his "Looking Back*
ward," we should have a race of ig»
noble creatures with the "minimum oi
activity, with weak and unworthy sym
pathy, resting in an idle present be
cause the future could not enforce upon
them its inexorable demands.
A PROPER ORDINANCE
We know of no reason why the
Hackney wine room ordinance forbid
ding women to frequent saloons unless
accompanied by father or husband
should not be passed. Such argu
ments as are made against it are, to
our mind, superficially weak. It is a
fairly plain proposition that women
have no business in saloons, and that
their presence there is a source of
abuse. The best class of saloons do
not want and do not cater to them.
The whole system is of recent growth
in this country. A few years ago
either the presence of a woman in a
saloon, except in one or two of the
largest cities In the country, or the
addition of a wine room would have
created public scandal. Now the
wine room is almost as much a fixture
of the place as the bar, and no one
who chances to visit one of these
places at a late hour of the evening
will have any doubt of the uses to
which this annex is put.
We have no crusade to roake against
the saloon, nor Is this ordinance in
tended in that way. It is aimed not
at the saloon, but at the abuses which
have grown up around it. In fact,
nearly all the disrepute which is at
tached to the business of selling in
toxicating liquor is traceable to eva
sions or violations of the law, or
abuses such as the addition of the
wine room, engaged in at fust by a few
saloonkeepers for the sake of attract
ing business or raising revenue and
weakly assented to by the rest. Noth
ing could do more to make the saloon
respectable than to cut oft all these
objectionable features. The passage of
the ordinance in question would tend
to prevent the spread of immorality,
to preserve public order and decency,
and would not injure a respectable
human being or an honest business. It
ought to go through the council by a
unanimous vote and to be rigidly en
forced.
BEAUTY AND THE BOILED SHIRT
We have no faith in the truth of the
declaration that beauty for woman Is
to be found In the washtub, nor hope
that any considerable number of wom
en will seek for it there. It was a Chi
cago doctor who, addressing the mem
bers of a woman's club the other day,
gave it out that the secret of beauty
was hidden in the suds of the wash
tub and that it might be the more easily
found if the seeker would fire the hired
girl, drink plenty of water, then exer
cise fervently at the tub. The news
papers have already given much space
to the exploitation of the theory, but
it has not been reported that there is
any extraordinary boom on in the
washtub trade. The dear girls are
shy.
And really we do not blame them.
There may be the best anatomical and
physiological reasons in the world at
the bottom of the doctor's advice, but
we doubt if it will work out. We know
personally a number of very respectable
women who are devoted, professionally,
to the washtub; who spend all the time
that other women fritter away In golf,
tennis, tea, talk and dressing in rub
bing energetically on a washboard; who
do not confine their forms in deadly de
vices. We do not know these ladies
well, but we are fully aware of their
devotion to the exercise that is to be
had at the rub and candor compels us
to admit that they do not present in
every Instance that shining beauty of
face and form that should be the por
tion of the devotee of the tub—accord
ing to the Chicago doctor. We regard
these ladies highly, and as necessary to
the scheme of domestic economy, but
we have not yet heard that any one
of them has been offered large sums of
money to pose for the figure or face
by the beauty magazines. We do not
say that the washtub is a destroyer of
beauty, but we do contend that we have
not yet been shown that loveliness—
mere physical loveliness, aside from
that of the spirit—ls the certain por
tion of the woman who exercises at the
washtub.
While scouting the washtub theory
of this particular theorist we might
as well enter protest now against the
right of ar.y man who HVes in Chicago
giving advice to any woman on the
subject of personal beauty. We have
never eeen any evidence tfiat the Chi
cago man was a judge of female love
liness; it has never been proved be
yond doubt that the Chicago type of
beauty is the best type. As a matter
of fact we have heard of statues that
were built on Chicago models being re
jected by outlanders who had never
seen enough of the models to get used
to their standard of beauty. It may be
that the washtub would improve the
looks of the Chicago woman. That is a
matter between the Chicago woman
the doctor and the washtub. As for
woman as she is known in St. Paul she
will do without the washtub. It may
be true that a little of rubbing at the
washboard on occasion would help the
figure of the woman who has not
enough to do, but that there is anything
in common between the development
of female beauty and the production of
the boiled shirt as an article for the
adornment and comfort of the head of
the house we do most emphatically
deny.
IT CAN BE DONE
The auditorium project Is getting a
fair start. The idea of celebrating the
semi-centennial anniversary of the
city by raising funds necessary to this
great work is a good one. It is time
to give up the childish practice of com
memorating events with parades and
banners and fireworks, and set about
the serious and manly task of building
up the city. It is not merely that a
given amount of money will be more
Judiciously expended, but the more im
portant thing is that the thoughts and
habits of action of our people will be
turned into more profitable and worth
ier channels.
The Globe has heard many times
from various interested individuals the
remark that this was a poor time to
agitate for an auditorium. The reason
given was that the friends of the
Young: Men's Christian association are
trying to raise a fund, that there are
other projects under way constituting
a drain upon the resources of our gen
erous citizens, and that it was not wise
to have too many irons in the fire or
to besiege those willing to give until
they closed their purses out of very
weariness with such imporUiniiy.
We do not agree with this view of
the case at all. The fact is that giv
ing grows by giving, as niggardliness
or the feeling that public spirit re
quires of the individual no sacrifices
quickly hardens into habit. There Is
no community more hopeless than that
which admits that certain things
should be done, but refuses to put the
shoulder to the wheel; and salves its
shame by pretending that action will
be taken at a more convenient oppor
tunity. The city of the future is the
city that does things and does them
tcday.
If we had no use for an auditorium
at all it would be an excellent thing for
St. Paul to build one. It would en
courage that community of thought
and action out of which great things
come. It would make familiar the
idea that money spent in aid of a
great public project is money well
spent. It would constitute a founda
tion on which good works for the fu
ture and for the advancement of St.
Paul might be securely built. Aside
from the practical argument the move
ment is thoroughly to be praised.
Aa a matter of fact, however, the
city does need an auditorium build
ing more than anything else at the
present time. Out of the many re
quirements of St. Paul this is perhaps
the most imperative. Almost every
other city in the country of equal size
and pretension has so provided Itself.
The city unfurnished with a place of
assembly for meetings on a large scale
is at a disadvantage. More particular
ly is this true of St. Paul, since the
Minneapolis auditorium stands as a
constant reminder to the public of our
lack. It will not be easy to
raise the amount of money re
quired. It is less easy because
of the failures of the past, and
because of the growth in this commu
nity of the habit of applauding worthy
public movements or institutions, while
refusing to them proper financial sup
port. For that very reason its success
will mean more to the city than the
creation of a great public hail. It will
be an exhibition of that form of pub
lic sprit upon which other larger and
great*r successes are always condi
tioned.
IGH LIFE
A reviewer has complained that if
some of the present day novelists keep
on putting dukes and duchesses in their
books, the visible supply will be ex
hausted in a short time. lie refers, of
course, to those progressive writers
who are so fortunately situated that
they are able to put real dukes and real
duchesses, very thinly disguised, in*
their books. Of those other dukes and
duchesses who have pleased the gentle
fancy of Mary Ann there need be and
there \^lll be no limit.
And it's a comforting thought, too,
for where can be found a more well
bred or satisfying lot of people than
this latter fictional type? By compar
ison how unsatisfactory appear the
portraits that the great literary lights
have drawn from real ducal material!
The morals of Mary Ann's duke may
not be above reproach, to be sure, but
what a flow of elegant language is his,
with wnat an air does he wear the du
cal garb. And Mary Ann's duchess!
There is a personage for you! Those
same great literary lights, we are sor
ry to say, have pictured their duchesses
as being sometimes short and stout or
addicted to rum or with, a taste for low
conversation. Mary . Ann's duchess
teaches us better. From her we know
that all duchesses are young and beau
tiful and proud, that they put on their
coronets before breakfast and keep
them on and that their simplest attire
is a trailing robe of gold brocade stud
ded with precious jewels.
Why shotild we lament, therefore. If
there should be a dearth In the ducal
market of the realists? What glamor
have the latter thrown about their
dukes and duchesses that we should
desire their multiplication? Soulful
Mary Ann can pin her faith to those
high personages that gild her fiction
and supply her with inspiration for her
waking dreams; but we, alas, who have
dipped into realism have had every ■
beautiful ducal illusion shattered. We
have had served up such personal de
tails of their graces' private lives that
even should we come face to face with
a ducal coronet on the street no emo
tion would be aroused. And so if that
reviewer sought to disquiet us by his
warning, he has failed miserably. What
are dukes and duchesses to us now that
we know that dukes and duchesses are
like us?
THE JUSTIFICATION OF BRIBERY
H. Gaylor Wilshire, presumed from
his association to be an expert in mu
nicipal affairs, announced the other day
at a meeting ot the National Municipal
league that it was his belief that brib
ery in municipal affairs could not be
avoided and that neither bribe giver
nor bribe taker should be punished. It
dees not appear that the members of
the body to which this astounding
preposition was made showed any dis
position to rebuke the speaker for his
plain statement; they were apparently
not shocked nor was there any sur
prise evinced. The incident implies a
terrific arraignment of the present
conditions in municipal life.
Mr. WUshtre was a little coarse in
stating it, but it is an undoubted fact
that persons and corporations who deal
with municipalities take into consid
eration and charge off as a part of the
expense of doing business substantial
sums, proportioned to the amount in
volved in the dealings, and that money
so assigned is placed where it will do
the most good. But it must not be as
sumed from this fact that bribe taking
is not a crime from the point of view of
the average municipal official. Asso
ciation with deals where undue profits
are taken under city contracts and the
knowledge that somebody is benefiting
in ? dishonest way is an experience
calculated to wear the fine edge off the
moral sense of the man who enters mu
nicipal life in an administrative or leg
islative capacity. Many men have be
ctme disgusted with municipal politics,
have dropped back into private life
after a brief experience with the con
ditions they f.'lt environed them, but
which presented no tangible opening
for an attack. Still other men remain
in office and accept conditions as they
find them, a blunting of the moral sense
permitting them to accommodate
themselves to the situation. And the
honest man protects by his very pres
ence the rogue with whom he is com
pelled to associate.
But the condition is not irremediable
as the brutally frank Mr. Wilshire inti
mates; nor is it to be given the cachet
of approval by legitimizing bribery.
An awakened public conscience which
will compel all citizens to perform
their duty in caucus and the polling
booth; the introduction of more mili
tant native honesty into the municipal
offices; the development of a public
spirit that will put the bribe giver and
the bribe taker In the criminal classes
where they belong and the merciless
pursuit of all men who abuse public
trust will do much toward making
bribery a dangerous practice. And the
aim of citizenship should be in this di
rection. It is a reproach to manhood
and honesty that an expert in munici
pal government should go unrebuked
when he says that bribery is a neces
sary part of our municipal system.
LONG DISTANCE NEWS
A Brooklyn young woman has been
surprising and delighting large audi
ences nightly in the east with detailed
information concerning the daily lives
of famous people who long ago joined
the slk-nt majority. She vouchsafes,
for instance, the cheerful intelligence
that Michael Angelo is still turning
out masterpieces and that his spiritual
istic brethren are entirely satisfied with
his work. Henry Ward Beecher, Alice
and Phoebe Cary and Francis Garrison,
according to this Brooklyn lady who
answers to the soulful name of Pepper,
have organized a reform school in
which the spirit! of those electrocuted
in NVw York are instructed not to re
turn to earth to move the hearts of
men to murderous intent. Her audi
ences have also been informed that a
congress modeled after the body politic
in Washington meets annually in the
spirit world.
Harmless gossip this and stimulat
ing in a way, but we venture to de
clare that all who have a picture of
heaven firmly fixed in their mind's eye
will feel they have a grievance against
the well meaning Mrs. Pepper. The
fascinating thing about the other
world is, or was before the advent of
Mrs. Pepper, its indefiniteness. The
missionary who assured the Eskimo
that there would be plenty of blub
ber in the next life did not overstep
the bounds of his authority for the
reason that it was his duty to make
the savage sigh for heaven and a blub
berless heaven would mean nothing to
the arctic dweller. Moreover he
merely offered the information as his
opinion, and he made no effort to sub
stantiate it with vulgar details. And
if you did not want blubber in yours
you did not have to look forward to
blubber.
There is a scot sureness about Mrs.
Pepper's attitude, however, that is in
itself aggravating. Even if one were
disposed to accept her information as
correct one would still be apt to ques
tion the desirability of giving utterance
to It. But one is not so disposed. An
atelier, even a spirit one presided over
by Michael Angelo, smacks too much
of the world to find a place in the
heaven of the majority. A reform
school conducted by even such dis
tinguished spirits as the lady has men-
tioned has a dreary mundane sugges
tion. And what transcendent attrac
tion is there about our own congress
that would make us look forward with
delight to attending its heavenly ses
sions? We would advise Mrs. Pepper,
whose profession is that of medium, to
stick to those little artless details by
means of which other mediums comfort
clients and make a living. Her birds
eye view of the heavenly realm will in
crease neither her popularity nor her
bank account.
FLUCTUATIONS IN THE VALUE OF
LIVES
Life, we have been assured and we
know, is uncertain; but the value that
judges and juries place upon lives is
even less to be counted upon. An Illi
nois court has just decided that the life
of a college boy was worth nothing in
asmuch as he was an expense to his
parents who were supporting him. The
student was killed in a railroad acci
dent and an effort to obtain damages
called forth the court's unique decision.
It will be remembered that the un
fortunate Pickwick's counsel assured
his client that much depended upon the
judge\s breakfast. It is just possible
that such trivial matters as underdone
bacon or overdone eggs have much to
do with depressing or inflating the hu
man life market. Certain" it is. at any
rate, that the latest quotations are al
ways surprising and that some of them
are very disconcerting.
In refusing to place any value on the
life of that college student, for instance,
the Illinois court has dealt a nasty blow
to the entire college fraternity. By
implication it refused to admit either
that the boy had a future or that his
sudden taking off occasioned his par
ents mental anguish. On the contrary,
it reasoned narrowly and sordidly that,
being an expense, he must of necessity
be a nuisance and that, therefore, it
was better for all concerned that he
was dead.
Yet the public knows that there have
been cases where a young and pretty
creature has gone before court or jury
with a sprained finger and an injured
expression and such a sum has been
assessed the defendant that merely to
reckon the cost of that life from the
cost of that finger made the brain reel,
so large an amount did it aggregate.
So many things seem to influence court
and jury in determining the value of a
human life that it does not seem prob
able that the fluctuations ever will
cease. But occasionally a decision liko
that made by the Illinois court reminds
the public that a determined effort
made to suppress foolish manipulators
of the human life market would not l>.»
a bad thing and might be effectual.
THE CHILD CRIMINAL
The fact must be Paced that even
without the fostering aid of a Fagin
the juvenile criminal develops and
flourishes in this country. The actions
of hoys who band together for the pur
pose of robbery are understajidftbte to
a certain extent, for vicious books, in
different hon-e training anil evil asso
ciates in part explain them. It is more
difficult to account for children like th.«
milliner's assistant in New York city,
a girl in short dresses, who uttered
forged checks against her employers
and spent the money on personal
adornment; or like the girl swindler
in Chicago who has victimized a num
ber of people.
In both of these cases there was not
only the impulse for wrongdoing, hut
in addition to this there was also a
somewhat extraordinary ability reveal
ed in the method of carrying out plans
that resulted from the impulse. Ami
in one case, at least, neither those who
believe that heredity is^ the strongest
influence in the development of the in
dividual, nor those who lay great stress
on the importance of environments
would find any new argument with
v. hi<h to clinch their theories. The
milliner's apprentice belonged to a poor
but honest and respectable family and
her surroundings were decent
But, fortunately, these are cases
that practical sociologists do not have
to puzzle over for the reason that they
represent the rare exceptions and for
the reason, too, that no conditions with
which they might surround such chil
dren would be apt to affect their per
verted moral view. The medical pro
fession recognizes a class known as
moral perverts and to this class the
child criminal with matured talent for
carrying out criminal plans undoubt
edly belongs. They represent special
cases and need specific treatment.
Undoubtedly, however, the majority
of children come into the world with
no abnormal tendencies toward crime,
and any effort that is made to improve
the environment of those who are sur
rounded by evil Influences is bound to
have a wholesome effect. The child
criminal exists, but only in a few in
stances is it discoverable that the con
ditions which surrounded its early
youth ,are not responsible for its
crimes. As a rule these crimes may be
laid at the door of the parents and the
state.
We hasten to deny the rumor that
some foreign missionary society has
found it necessary to notify Hetty
Green that her money is not good.
Chauncey Depew is 72, and doesn't
look it, but to call him a well pre
served peach is not the way to make a
hit with Chauncey.
And the discussion so far as it has
gone does not appear to have Glad
dened the heart of John D. Rockefeller
the least bit.
Goodby.

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