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THE SEDALIA WEEKLY BAZOO, TUESDAY, JULY 8, 1884.
A NEW QUESTION.
Should Idiots be Allowed to Live,
or be Killed to Improve the
At a meeting of the Pennsylvania
State Medical society, on Tuesday last,
Dr. LeStnan read a paper on the ad
visability, propriety or wisdom of
killing idiots, natural monstrosities,
or persons suffering intense misery
from disease. Dr. LeffmaH stated
that lie advanced his views on the
subject, not because he was irrevocably
committed to them, nor wished to con-
wbecau-e he desirea to excite debate on
the riibject. untortuuatelv, other
business interfered, and the debate
was not extended Nevertheless, it
was shown that there was an inclina
tion on the part of man to agree
with Dr. Leffman th t within reason
able bounds it would be wise and
justifiable to remove from life the
classes of persons mentioned.
That this proposition should be laid
down at all shows that scientific men
are. year by jTear, becoming more
bold and fearless ; that it should be
seriously entertained shows that the
disposition to frown down upon inno
vations is passing away ; that the bare
mention of such a proposition does not
excite horror and indignation, shows
hat the masses of the people have
learned that the wisest., plan is to
suspend judgment until such questions
are fully discussed.
Viewed from an unprejudiced
standpoint that is, considering man
in the abstract, without regard to the
affections of blond it must be ad
mitted that Dr. Leffman's proposition,
so far as it applies to idiots and mon
strosities, is worthy of serious consid
eration. We do not consider that the
proposition to remove persons suffer
ing from incurable diseases ought to
be entertained for an instant.
The characteristics which distin
guish man from brute are language, a
desire to acquire knowledge, a sense
f individuality or personality, an ab
stract conception of the existence of a
Supreme Being, and a hope or desire
for a continued future existence. The
absence of any of these characteris
tics brings men nearer the brute ; the
absence of all of them would trans
form him into a brute.
An idiot and we use the word in
its most strict sense possesses none of
these characteristics, except occasion
ally that of language ; in a majority
of cases they have only voice, the
power to utter sounds, but not to
form them into words. The mental
qualities of man, and not his physical
formation, can constitute his claim to
superiority over brutes, and in that
view of the matter what claim has an
idiot to be considered a human beins:?
t is impossible to believe that he was
created to serve any end, and if he
was he fails to do it. His life is a
mere animal existence. He is more
incapable of taking care of him
self than the brutes, for the in
stinct which is given to them is de
nied to him, and he lacks "even a
degree of intelligence which is im
planted in the breast of man. The
idiot is not only useless to society,
but he is dangerous. Having no con
ception of the difference betweea
right and wrong, he is likely to com
mit murder, arson or any other crime.
Under certain circumstances he might
propagate his species. Viewed from
a religous standpoint, the idiot can
serve no useful end. for neither bv In
stinct nor education does he recog
nize the existence or a foupreme Being
and he lias no hope nor desire for a
future existence. Viewed from a
vrorldly standpoint, his life i3 of no
object, for he does not possess the in
telligence necessary to make him a
-desirable citizen, and there is no hope
that his condition will ever change.
Viewed from an economic standpoint
the idiot is a charge upon his friends
or the community. Viewed through
the spectacles of the scientists, the
idiot, lacking in every thing that dis
tinguishes man from brute, occupies
space and consumes food in a world
that i3 now not tco large for" the people
on it who are desirable inhabitants.
All the observations on idiots apply
Swith eaual force to monstrosities.
sirable to remove those unfortunates
from a world in which they are so un
fitted to live. Whether it should rest
with any man or any set of men to
decide upon their fate we will not at
tempt to say, but those who admit
the justicef capital punishment will
find it hard to urge a valid argument
.against the right to remove idiots and
What The Tariff Costs The People.
The New York Times, a republican
paper, presents the matter in the fol
lowing striking: manner :
For instance, says the Times, a
roadcloth dres3 suit which costs S50
i'rfn New York, costs only $22 in Lon
A heavy bnsiness suit, which costs
A spring serge overcoat, which
costs $20 in New York," costs but 88 50
A winter beaver overcoat, which
costs $35 in New York, co3ts but
614 50 in London.
A silk bat, which costs, 85 in New
1 ork, costs but S3 in London.
These articles altogether cost in
New York $140. In London they
cost but $61. The man who buys
these clothes, therefore, in New York,
pays $79 more for them than he
could buy them for m London.
The Courier-Journal, commenting
on the above asks "what causes the
difference in the two cities ?" and an
swers the questions energetically and
pointedly as follows :
No one will dispute that with the
tariff removed, the same goods can be
purchased as cheaply in New York as
in London, at least as cheaply plus
the freight rates between the two
The man who pays, therefore, $140
for clothes in New York, realy buys
$61 worth of clothes, on which he
pays $79 taxes.
And where do these taxes go ?
If the goods are manufactured in
this country, not one cent reach's
the treasury. It is simply $79 taken
by law from the man that buys $61
worth of clothes, and given to the
man that makes cloth.
If the goods are manufactured
abroad, $79 goes to a treasury which
does not need it and which can raise
all the revenue it requires on whisky,
tobacco and articles of luxury.
In either case the purchaser of the
clothes gets absolutely nothing for the
$79 of the $140 which he spends.
If on buying the clothes he had
to pay $61 to the clothier, and $79
directly to a tax collecter, how long
would he stand such extortion ?
in result there is not a particle 'of
difference between that system and
the present tariff system, according to
which he is thus unnecessarily and ex
orbitantly taxed, not onlv on bis
clothing but on nearly every other
necessity of life.
How long will the people of a coun
try which claims to be free submit to
this legallized robbery, which those
who uphold it, and grow fat upon it,
are pleased to call a protective tariff ?
THE SNAKE LIAR.
Specimens of the Highest Style of
While Priscilla Martin, of Scrogg's
Neck, wa3 dusting the-book case last
summer, a snake brought in a mouth
ful of daisies and set them in a glass
of water that was standing on the
window-sill., It afterward made
friends with the family and did var
ious curious things about the place
It returns every summer and is al
ways welcome. It goe3 down the
well and fastens the bucket on when
ever off the rope and it hangs from a
beam by the tail and holds the leath
er bag that the young man about the
house pounds back and forward with
his knuckles. Last week, when they
were making a lot of ice cream for a
Sunday school picnic, the snake beat
the eggs with its tail and did it better
and about forty times faster
than it could have been done in the
While Lettia Grimsby was lying
asleep in a hammock on the front
porch among the honeysuckles one
day last week, a snake came out of
on adjoining field, crawled up into
the hammock and braided her hair.
When the young lady awoke she was
greatly astonished to find her hair
braided, but supposed it the act of
her sister, as the snake had disappear
ed. The following day the same
thing occurred again, and her sister,
having seen it, aroused the young
lady after the snake had gone and
told her what had happened. At
the present time the girls in the
Grimsby family never braid their
hair at all. When they want it
braided they simply lie in the ham
mock and pretend they are asleep and
the snake does the business for them.
Walter J. Blum was riding on his
bicycle along the turnpike at Vernon,!
N. J., one day last week, when the
rubber tire suddenly flew off the
front wheel. Before the rider could
stop the machine, a large black
snake that was lying in the road sud
denly placed its body in the groove of
the wheel, which it just fitted and
lay there until the bicycler reached
the end of his journey.
Heard at Long Distances.
Oakland, Cal., Tribune: Sound
confined by the walls of the Grand
Canon of the Colorado is transmitted
to remarkable distances. A train of
cars crossing the bridge at the Needles
is heard, on a quiet day, at Cotton
wood Island, eighty-four mile3 away;
the music of fife and drum at Fort
Majove is .recognized at Bull,s
Head, an equal distance ; the sunrise
gun at the fort awakens light sleepers
at El Dorado Cannon, ninety-six miles
A Bigger Fool.
Drake's Travelers' Magazine.
During the construction in Arkan-
saw of the Little Rock & Fort Smith
railroad, the old squatters, when the
line of work began, curving around
great mountains and creeping along
the grim and awful ledges of slate,
were much concerned with regard to
the enterprise, and, true to their
"raisin'," were not disposed to look
upon it with the progressive eye of
favor. One day when the workmen
began grading near the cabin of an
old fellow known as Coon-skin Pete,
that worthy elector of a great com
monwealth came out, and approaching
one of the engineers, asked:
"What on 'arth air yer doin'
cap n r
"Building a railroad.
"Wall, I 'lowed yer was flingin
up a sweet tater ridge ; Mur that's
my wne lowed yer was goin ter
dam up the creek for the 'commoda-
tion o the beavers, and Dink that s
my sun, the one what bit the right
year off en one o the swamp boys he
lowed ver wus dom it fur fun. Now
sense yer mention it, I b'lieve thar
wus a passel o fellers 'Jong here
sometimer' go dragiu' a coon chain an'
takin' sight with a t'ree-lerx ?tool
'raugements. Railroad, eh? Have
yer got ernuff rails ?"
"We will have enourn
"I 'lowed ir ver did.i t. I'd snliti
yer a passel fur two doilar3 an' er
half er thousau ; that s cheaper n you
ken buy 'em any whar else in this
here community. I wouldn't make
the offer, but Mur's iolks four strap
pin' boys an' er powerful gal is a
visitin' us, an' I mout as well put
'em ter work."
"You don'c understand," replied
the engineer, amused at the old fellow.
I don't mean fence-rails but iron on
which steam cars are run."
"Wall !" opening his eyes. "Yer
don't mean that yer air goin' ter
have steam cars here, doyer?"
"Oh, yes ; we'll have them here
now in a very short time."
"An' yer won't have 'em here but
a short time, nuther."
"The Simmons boys'll steal 'em,
"They couldn't steal a locomotive."
"Couldn't they; wall they just
could. Feller named Jones started a
saw-mill in this neighborhood some
time ergo, an' one mornin' when he
woke up he foun' that the thing wus
dun gone. Arter a while, he foun' it
way over in Penny ville holler, sawin,
fur the Simmons boys, fit ter kill
hisse'f. Don't talk ter me erbout the
Simmons boys, stranger, fur I never
seed nothin' yet whut they couldn't
"We'll risk it. Say, my friend,
where can we find some good water?"
"I never seed no good water."
"What do you drink ?"
"Anything you've got handy,"
throwing out a chew of tobacco.
"Excuse me ; I didn't ask you to
drink. How's that spring down
there ? Water good enough to drink?"
"Some folks drinks it."
"How far is it to Berry's Cove?''
"Hundred milps or so."
"What, from here V
"Oh, no, not frum here ; yer did
not say frum here."
"Well, how far is it from here?"
"Yer can make it as fur as yer
"Well, then, since you're so par
ticular, how near is it ?"
'Oh, I ain't particular, stranger.
It's twenty-five yards.''
"What, from here?"
"No, not frum here. Yer didn't
ask how rear frum "
"That's whar I'm lookin'."
"Why don't you answer a question
'"Why don't yer ax it squar ?"
The engiueer sat for a time drum
ming on the end of a log and smoking
his pipe. After awhile, looking up,
he asked :
"There are a number of bluffs be
tween here and Berry's Cove, aren't
"Now you'r shoutin'. Twixt here
an' thar lives an ole feller named
Jack Spellers. He's the bigge3' bluff
yer ever seed, but it s all blutr. &t
yer sit down with him he 11 try ter
"bluff yer, but keep ver eye on the
cards an' hole him down. I ain't no
great snakes at poker, but he couldn't
"I've got enough of you," said
the engineer, "vou may go."
'I wus here fust, stranger, an' if
yer want anybody ter go, go yersef.
"You are the biggest fool I ever
"Like ter see a bigger one, wouldn't
"Yes I'dSralk five miles to see a
"Wall, yer needn't go quite so fur ;
lis' go down thar ter that spring an'
look in. Good-day, stranger, wish
yer well, but ef the Lord don't im
prove in his likes towards ver, my
frien', you'll far' mighty poorly when
the trumpet blows."
A Greeley Reminiscence.
Ben Van Houten, Greeley's old
be.l-boy, is driving a milk wagon in
New Jersey. He was 6 feet high
when in the Tribune service, and he
had eyes like goggles and a hand like
the hand of providence.
Bub, said Horace to him, as he en
tered his sanctum one night. I want
to write for an hour or two, and I
don't want to be bothered. Keep
all the bums out of my room.
1 e3, Mr. Greeley. Ben replied in
a hoarse voice, for he had a voice
like a bull of Basham.
Within half an hour Ben Bruce,
Dennis McLaughlin, and several
others political gadflies tried to buzz
their wav to the old man s room, but
were summarily squelched by ben.
Finally. Senator Henry Wilson, of
Massachusetts, entered. He had
been on a campaign tourm Indiana,
and he wore the dirtiest duster and
slouch hat that had been seen in New
York since the departure of the
Pendleton escort in lSbb. lhe sena
tor dropped his carpet-bag and ad
vanced toward the open door of
Greelev's sanctum, whence he was
confronted by Ben.
W here are you going I blurted the
I'm soing to see Mr. Greeley ? the
Not much you ham t. roared lien,
elevating his voice soa3 to make him
self solid with Horace. Git righto'
here, or I'll help vou out.
General Wilson was dumbfounded.
His face, usually red, wa3 made red
der by Ben's manner.
Won't you be so kind as to take
my name in to Mr. Greeley? he
Ben looked hard at him and asked
his name, Wilson, was the reply.
Well, said Beu, I'll go in and see
if he wnts to see you.
He returned in fort seconds, more
aggressive than ever.
It's just as I told you, he roared.
He won't see you ; now, d n you,
git out o' here.
Wilson turned to Amos Cuinming3.
night editor, who lay back in his
chair, bursting with suppressed emo
tion. What's the matter, General? he
Senator Wilson, explained, while
Ben looked on in astonishment.
There must be some mistake, the
night editor remarked, and I'll take
you in and introduce you to Mr.
They entered the great editor's sanc
tum together. Horace sat at his high
desk, with eyes close to the manu
script, scratching away like a hen on
a fresh sand-heap
Mr. Greeley, said Amos, here's
Senator Wilson. You refused to see
him just now.
There was a moment of silence.
Horace scratched away without look
Well, he piped in a shrill alto,
without removing his pen, the boy
said that a d -d old bum named
Wilson wanted to see me, and I
bought it was Billy Wilson. The
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W. D. STEELE
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Office : Boom No. 5 Porter1 Block.
SE1DAI.T A TVTO
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