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IN DBPUNSB OF THE PEOPLE.
WAYS AND HEANS.
To ihf Prirmls of Out f mm ThFuiiph iltr option of ihs Nations! Drino
ilu louiiuliire, Hit- uniiiTMiffiPil linvr i n sppoliitwl a uommltitN1 on ways
I mruiii lo br0n work. noM for tltreiitiitiulgii f lun, suO tltsirt to lti
following nddrat oion ihf ori i- uuv titiuVrtukro!
Moi t', 10 HHfl c i UK llfWSfnrj In sreiiriiif; Jutk'e fftf the il"0Jj
ti Ibr i ria If of .-ri'iii jmlitirnl im - In'fult 1 It" jury id ihf Wholf pPOJilv. us it is
necessary in lb rum.' of a lltlirnui upt'iiitnp f"ir mul Imparl ial besrlnjf Is'fore
mtnii unil tr;-. In the Initrr lurtunvr m suitor without money I minhlr i
i 'iifilo.i pnnnvfl of iililllty. liMi fiwdeil ilepo-ltliins. mmI innhe other Ipplttmntp
lprin rat ions rprjolrliin ibr mpMKlltw 'f money i nnil mIipii llitis Kttiisieil if
otiiiorPil iv ii tvrultlM iuIvi rnr.v, hi' frpiiipi lly fnlls In srrurlttff lustles l Lp
' ;tiiiit to fulrly oncl fully ttrrsrnthla !- tu 'n pouri and Jury,
Am) whits thi Is true of thp Imllvbliinl in noiri of Jitstlrr. on. much
i-iri'T trail1 It Ik trup of n rrtil hotly of ni)ph rnntpndlflft for th" momp nf
r.;'fi iipil liberty Money must ImthIspiI to pny lllr neressary p.i;enifK. or our
rouse will men will) nn silver verdict in lOtio.
Thp forces opposing uh hne four set hr nntionnl wittuntftero. to irhotn
j..,,,.,,v js mippiifil by those profiting by nntionnl legislation nntl Hip corrupt
'(ministration of sffnlrs tine of these ctomfnltices ic ttif no-ended Xiitlonnl
Tienincratlu tiold Hnwdnrtl Committee, t Ihp hpod of which la Mr fleorffe F
Iviilwitlj n New York Itonltpf Another In lh Indlnnnndlls romtnlttee. the
mitgrowth of the ImMntinpntle frnhl standard eomtnerelnl convention ;it rli
In 'iid of whlrh is n II llannn, who Is Insidiously working Ihrotiph commercial
bodlea. aeeklog; to frljrhten fhetn Into Ofimpllonee with tlip behest of the
it-oney power The tldrd la the bunkers' organization ;it r.i tVlllloma atreet
J vr York, that la mipplylnaf freeofexpenae to all vifllnji newapnpera mlaleaiT'
Injr nrpfiimenta In foeorof thejrold atnndortl; and thp fourth is ilu- Nntionnl
Opnbllann Committee, of which MurU Itnanti is ehnlrmnn, nml to whom tin
iriiata. monofnllea nnf other combination are fnrnlahlnn the money for cor
vuptlng tlie niinrK of the p"0itp anil (TebnuehlnR the nation.
If we nri- to com tail tlip evIMnflnenceK at work the neceaanry money mnat
he rfiin'(l to defray thp neceaenry expenna thereof Weappegl to the people the
(; ,tt common peoplt whohovenolntercat In apeclnl lefflalatlon and whoae
r:lii ami that of thp common Welfnre an- to Ip proteetert.
All money collected will be paid tothe notlonnl trenaoeer o? Hie committee
the Union Trnat Company rinnk. corner of Dearborn anrl Madlaon at recta, Ch)
r.i'.'o. No money will ic pnld not except na appropriated by the committee Ir
- ion deliberating upon its rxpendit nrp. H'e hate appointed Mr. TT. If. nr-
: y us the general manager of Hip work of the com mil tec.
'I he plan adopted am) npprored by th' committee is lo Becnre a u)-rip
flnn from aa many peraonaaa poaalbte to pay one dollar per month for cue h
month from now till October, 1!tiO. Tims n person aubacribing lo the fund of
he Ways and .Means Committee In Oc'ober, 1808, will ngrce to pay one dollar
Dcr month for twenty-iflve months, or In nil, One aubacrfblng in Novero
ivr following w ill agree to pay one dollar eiicli month for twenty-four months
w ith the last payment due Oct. 1. 1000. A suhscription in Uecernbcr, 1808,
means twenty-three payments, the Inst Oct. 1, J(K)0, and so on. The number of
paymenta depends on tlie month and, y ear In which the subscription is made
and all ending on the first day of October, 1900. Where one is willing and able
to pay more than $1 per month, the subscription will he accepted for such in
creaaed amount as the subscriber is willing to make. Where one is not able
n Ilia judgment, to subscribe one dollar per month, he w ill 1m; expected to get
one or more to associate themselves with him jointly in the subscription for
the one dollar per month. If la the opinion of the committee that it is only in
this way that tlie money needed can be raised that it must come from the peo
ple whose rights and interests are to be protected.
The offices of the committee have been opened at room 1044 Unity Build
';ig, Chicago, where a complete act of bonks will be kept showing the names of
all subscribers with their portofflce address by counties and States, nnd the
condition of each account will at oil times appear upon these books. In no in
atonce will aollcitora be authorised to reeelre money. Anyone soliciting Buh
seriptions will receive no money from the snbscriber, but will forward the sub
scription papers to the national office. The national oflice will notify the sulv
scriber of the receipt of his subscription and will forward blank goTerninij
the details of remittances to the nutionui treasurer.
ft is From die afncerV oa it-La icmi o of cause c.i net mm nnnacnpttonp
to this fund for human liberty art expected, nnd. on the n holt, a stir.! MlfllClcBl
may be thus raised to properly present our cause to the American people:
which means success, or a just cause is doubly Itfong, To those Who R ppre
eiatc what haigs upon the impending struggle, the payment of the one doXar
eneh month will aasurnenn importance c rpml to that of love for home nnd chil
dren. Tlie fund thus collected may decide tor wenl or woe o"f '.lie mid thai f
countless millions to cornp aftpr na.
The iclfleh system of greed that horf mothered the p,-id standard, special
privileges and monopoly, is destroying the opportunities for the enjoyment of
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.' It Is confiscating omt homes nnd rc
dnclng the people to tenantry! It is quartering SfOonB us (he agents of Kng
lish money lenders who ore comlnginto the possession of tlie title tOOttf lands
fid that business Industries of thenntion! It is destroying human rhBTBCtCf
nnd lowering the standard of morals and religion! It respects neither r-e nor
atre! The balm in the mother' arms, the aped and enfeebled, the boy just bud
ding into manhood are. all alike, through poverty existing Of threatened, the
victims yf itt rapacity! Honor nnd patriotism, a decent self-respect and 'ove
of country demands its overthrow! Our future and that of posterity is in
volved! Our en rise appeals tothe manhood and womanhood of America !
A blank subscription form wilt bp found herewith. We n:J; that e:rh rend
er cut it Out, fill up the blanks nnd send it at once to W. II. Harvey, General
Manager, Room 1044 Unity Building, Chicago. Til.
JAMES K. JONES,
Chairman Democratic Nntionnl Committee.
WM. .7 .STOVE.
Ux-f lorernor of Missouri.
JOHN P. AI.TflKf.D,
Ex-Oorernor of Illinois.
WM. V. AM.EN,
Senator from Nebraska.
HENRY M. TELLEB.
Senator from Colorado.
PAY NO MONEY TO SOLICITORS.
Iffeited the purchase Of Nevr
I Orleans. In reply, the minister
,of the Pirsjt Consul asked what
the Americans Would yive for
the whole territory. In a sob
sequvnt dispatch Ir-told Mn
roe that lie did not believe the
I offer to sell tlie whole territory
was made in good faith; that
the EVencbman was playing a
afii-v-wi i 1 1 taw -.ii t im-
tiiii' ami aiiiLu i
! On the iL'th Monroe arrived
in Paris. Livingston was de
spondentj he told Monroe that
Jhe only way out was war: that
.the American Government
should take forcible possession
of New Orleans and negotiate
afterwards. He Imd tfld Tal
leyrand on the litis that the
I United HLates wanted only New
Orleans, and he refused to he
j lieve that Bonapnrt was sincere
j in hi larger offer.
Meanwhile Avar had broken
out between England and
; France and the
AH Money la Payable to Treasurer of the Committee Only.
For th purpose of promoting the ctluse of nimel?vnm and of CftrTTtnt on
the necessary work lo overthrow the un-American ani enmipt (Old srandarrt
ilotnlnatlon of this rountry, and. In consideration of the fnct that othonrarc
making similar j-ulisrrlptlons for thin puriiosc, I hereby iiijTee topaTtoTIin
WAYS AND MEANS COMMfTTBR, OOmpesed of Senator James K. Jone.'i.
of ArkanMa; ex-f!oiernor Wm. J. Blonc, of MtSSOUfti SKOoveftt0f John P
Altield. of Illinois: Senator Wm. V. Allen, of .Vcbraxkn, ar.d Senator Henry
M. Tcllpr. of Colorado, and their successors, the following sums, to wit: One
dollar for the nrrsent month, and one dollar for the first day of arh succeed
ing month, to and Including the first day of October, A. I )!XHI: In all
payments of one dollar each This money to constitute a spstfsl fund to be
paid out only on :!.-. approval and order of said commtitee.
STORY OF LOUISIANA TERRI
n 1802 President Jefferson in
structed James Monroe and
Robert Livingston American en
voys at Paris, to buy an island
and a dock yard and negoti
ate fur the free navigation of
the Mississippi River. Fur this
purpose lie placed at their dis
posal ftS. 000, 000 to -smooth
matters.'' which meant to bribe
new Western Slates depended
I upon a free outlet by water to
! the Gulf of Mexico.
To this end negotiations were
begun with Spain immediately
after the Revolutionary War,
but with indifferent success, un
til in 1795, a treaty was con
j eluded. By this treaty "His
'Catholic Majesty agrees that
the navigation of the said riven
(Mississippi) in its whole
breadth, from its source to the
ocean, shall be free to his sub-
STREET KVM&ETt ,
Name of paper thts was cut out of.
Cut out, fltt up blanks nnd mall to W. H. Harvey. General Mannfer,
1044 Unity Building. Chicago, 111. On receipt of the subscription, direc
tions will be sent you how to remit.
of the West found an outlet to 1 mlifbt be undertaken.
foreign market through the port i
of New Orleans. The conces
sioil was vital tothe new States,
because the condition of land
transportation at that time ab-
found himself in need oJ money.
On the night of April 10, 1800,
he sat in council with Talley
S rand, Minister of Foreign Af-
fairs, and Marboisv Minister oi
I Finance, discussing the situa
tion. At daybreak of the lltli
the council broke up. Napoleon
rose, and with terse rhetoric
ordered his ministers to sell the
entire territory to the Ameri
cans for 5().(Xl.l.';)t) f ranee if they
could jet no more, and to press
the negotiations to a speedy
Napoleon's necessity and
Monroe's enthusiasm soon over-
came Livingston's doubts and;
the treaty was drawn up and
Jefferson was surprised at the
turn of affaits when the treaty
! reached him but it was in har
mony with bis dreams of Amer-
i ican destiny. He had sent Mon
roe to Paris on a comparatively
unimportant mission and his
Minister returned with an em
pire in his pocket.
Throughout the entire dis
cussion of this transaction from
the time the treaty of St. Ilde-
i lonon hi-r:imi Irrkftwri tr 1 h.v nr1
there is no hint of reflection or
desire on the part of any Amer
ican statesman to obtain the
territory of Louisiana. Public
thought was occupied wholly
But owing to partisan differ
ences this resolutions was lost,
j Besides, Jefferson was a man of
peace and tref erred to negoti
ate first, although he foresaw w" 11 ",e navigation privilege
f Vi si eil imiiin i 1.
i T H-.-c.i-rj iiiivi HIC i LI fiL I trt Wl Lilt
the First Consul s Ministers, in- '
111 ..... , I United States unless he should
extend this privilege to the
subjects of other powers by
Btfltid of following his instruc
tions thev homrht a rua-nilicent
domain, the negotiation
the lartrest real estate transac
tion in the world's history.
This is, in few words,
story of the acquisition ot
Louisiana Territory by
1 M I IIP
" LI ,,
! sjitruitii loiveiiuun.
solutely forbade any trade by certain war in case the negotia and tbe Sfhta of deposit. And
way of tlie Atlantic ports.
But on Oct. 1. 1800. Spain
ceded by the treaty of St. II
defonso the whole territory to
France, and the next day the
Spanish Governor at New Or
leans abrogated the treaty pro
visions relating to the free nav
igation and the right of depos
it. When the news of these trans
actions reached Washington
to show how little Americans,
even of broadest views, onder
In 1802 he wrote to Robert stood tUe importance of the
Livingston, American Minister "fleal," a citation from one of
to France: -If France takes Livingston's letters will suffice,
possession of New Orleans the ; He wrote to Monroe that the
United States become allies of wirta-i fAtK, nno nno lK4- k.
a t-. tt t t . . - x f m
Great Britain." He su'isested
iinbursed by tlie sale of the ter-
that if the First Consul persist- j ritory west of tj,e Mississippi
article provided that "in con- there was great consternation.
sequence ef the stipulations j A resolution was introduced in -contained
in the fourth article' to the Senate which declared
(just quoted) His Catholic Mai- "that the free navigation of the
e I ,..,u : , . r 1. 1 ll-- : . . : I . r .1 .
ii. win penult 1 1 1 .t u ? ui iiitrjiivci unu Liie jii iic-yt: u-i uc
; United States ftr the space of posit at New Orleans was a
three years from that time, to clear and undoubted right of
The burden of the American
case was the free navigation of deposit their merchandise and the United States; that the late
tue Mississippi River, which effects in the fort of New Or- Infraction of this right by Spain
had been secured, as was ; leans and to export them from was an act of agression hos
thoujrbt, by the treaty with i thence without paying any oth ltileto the honor and interests
Spain of 1705, but was imperil- jer duty than a lair price for the of the United States; that the
ed by the retrocession of Louis- j lire of the stores; and His Maj
i.u a to France. esty promises either to continue
The whole territory lfnown as : the permission, if he finds dur-! place of deposit on the island
the Province of Louisiana wasting that tlm that it is not of New Orleans; that the Preai-
nV.Mich possession until lTM, prejudicial to the interests ff dent should be authorized to
people of the West were deeply
concerned in the possession of a
ed in his intention of taking the
territory from Spain by the
treaty of St. Ildefonso he might
I be induced to cede to the Unit
ed States the island of New Or
leans and trM Wst TVIoriilns I..
. . ' 1 the river
tne latter being a strip ot terri
tory lying east of the Missis
sippi, south of the iilst paral
lel, and bordering on the Gulf.
Jan. 10, 18081 President Jef
ferson nominated James Monroe
Plenipotentiary to France with
power to negotiate for the pur
chase of New Orleans and se
cure guarantees for the free
navigation, of the river. The
with the right of sovereignty to
some power in K.uroe whose
vicinity we should not fear.
The objtct sought was New-
Orleans and free navigation to
The obiect trained
was an enormous empire.
The centennial of the cele
bration would not be consistent
historically if this fact were not
made most prominent. Tlie
Louisiana territory would not
have been purchased had it not
been for the commercial neces
sity of the Mississippi Rrver to
the people of the West. The
w en it was cedeu to npatp. ' opatn, or u ne suouio noc agree : tai;e possession oi some sucn
After the establishment of : lo continue it there, he will as tit place of deposit." The Pres
A ierican Independence, set-' sign to them on another part of , ident was further authorised to
Hocked across the Al , tne oauKs or tne Mississippi an recruit a military torce to-carry
hemes and filled up the val- equivalent establishment." 'out this purpose,
the Ohio. Men like I This was satisfactory to the war with both
lingtoa, Jeirersou and Moti-n people of the Western lands France. It was
, 4 I. ,1.. A.- , I . L 1 I " 1 1 T I . j.
ve tnucu '.noun in i" iF ami a unsu commerce sprang: new Orleans shouiu
:tnof these ciliz-ms aia , Up. The waterways ot the , and after that negotiations for
i-.. .. I f i ij' i.i"i W'kl wmI ret a.iuL thi rrvl ur 1-; the. ti.-i vit'n t ion o t lie rivnr
Senate promptly confirmed the 1 onl t)is
k. mm i mmtm A 1 A 1 rff "
:pixintment and voted L',0fX)r
OOl to promote the transaction.
When Monroe landed in
France negotiations h,-d al
ready begun between Livingston
On April 10' Livingston sent a
letter to Monroe, then on his
way to Paris, informing lsinr
that he had suggested the
American desire for privileges
uavigatiou and UauL aJsosuii-
was done was due to a cmis
which had no relation to the
object o4 Monroe's mission,
Bocklen's Arnica Salve.
The biwt naive in, the world forCUts
Bniiaea, Ut)-e, Uloers, Hull iai?nii
r'evei- Soivs, Tetter, Chajnl kiwid
Chilblains, Corng, ami aH Skin
Eruptlona, anil pobtivoly cures Plies
or uo pay required. It is jfuiwanteuth
to ifivo perfect satisfaction or money
refunded. Price 2hi, luv sale by it.