Newspaper Page Text
Uncle Sam "Honestly, What Are You Running for, the Presi
dency or for Revenge?"
From the New York Herald.
MEAN WILSON TO
i SWEEP COUNTRY
! Democratic Gains in Vermont
and Maine Impressive.
I OTHER PARTIES' PLIGHT
FTMrd Termers to Poll Their Entire
Strength From the Rapidly
' . Rank.
That the result of the state eleo-
Kas in Vermont and Maine mean a
mendous Democratic victory In No
ember. Is freely admitted by all ex
apt the blttereBt partisans. Politi
. eal experts have done some analyzing,
stud some claim to have reached novej
conclusions. But these facts stand
On Monday, September 9, 1912, the
.Republican and Third Term parties
combined elected William T. Haines
governor of Maine, over Frederick W.
.Plalsted, the present Democratlo In
cumbent by 8,023 plurality; ,in 1908,
m. presidential year, a Republican was
ialeeted governor by 7,663 plurality; In
11904. the plurality was 25,800, and In
.1909 It waa 34,132. In other words. In
12 years the Democrats have cut
Idown the Republican plurality In state
elections by 8L109.
In this period the Democratlo vote
Vol InxMaaari tmm 3Q AAA tn fiR 00(1
(whereas the RepubUcan vote has de-
creased from 74.000 to 71.000. The
Democratic vote of this year exceeds
that of September, 1908, by 1.000, but
the Republican vote is about 2,000 less
than that party cast four years ago.
The split in the Republican ranks,
following the election of William T.
jHalnes, Is pronounced. If the divi
sion In Maine In November Is as it
was In the recent Vermont election,
lx-tenths of the Republican vote will
CO for Taft, three-tenths for Roose
velt, and one-tenth for the Demo
crats. It Is significant that the latter
party has to date suffered no losses,
aa compared with the vote In previous
years, from the Third Term move
jnent On the contrary, it has gained.
(The result in Maine may be expeoted
to be something like this: Wilson,
' "74.000; Taft, 42,600; Roosevelt, 21,300.
The returns from the recent Ver
jnont election show, In round figures,
(that the Joint Republican and third
.party vote was eight per cent, short
lot the RepubUcan vote four years ago,
'while the Democratlo vote In that
state shows a gala of twenty-five per
cent, over that of 1908. It Is of spe
olal Interest to speculate what will
'happen next November throughout
the nation If the Republican and
iDemocratic vote for the national
itlckets happen to be affected as
K'e gubernatorial vote this month
Vermont has been affected. The
I New" Tork Evening Post has don
some interesting figuring along this
I line and aa a net result it is shown
that, under the contingencies mention
ed. President Taft would carry only
twa states la November, Rhode Island
and Vermont, all the ethers going for
Gov. Wilson. The conclusions reach
led by the Post follow:,
' "To com put this result we should
have to deduct t per cant from the
vote oast for Tart four years' ago and
apportion the remaining vote la the
ratio of CI to SI between Taft and
Kooseveic; and we' Should nave to add
35 per cent, to Bryan's vote in 1908,
and give the 'demnltion total.' to
Woodrow Wilson. In other words, give
Taft 67 per cent and Roosevelt 35
per cent, of Taft's vote four years
ago, and give Wilson 125 per cent, of
Bryan's vote four years ago.
"The result In round numbers would
be as follows, so far as regards Taft
Idaho . 80,000
Nebraska ......... 73,000
New Hampshire.... 30,000
New Jersey 151,000
New York 497,000
North Carolina .... 66,000
North Dakota 83,000
Rhode Island 35,000
j South Carolina
South Dakota 89,000
West Virginia 79,000
, Woodrow Wilson says to the long-
I suffering tanner who buys in a trust.
I controlled, highly protected market
and sells bis wares in a free market
'"Walk Into 'your own house and take
How many of those who are strug -
jgllng with the "High Cost of Living
I believe there Is to be any relief If the
! Republican party, which brought It
about remains in power?
The Bull Moose ran things with a
:blg stick at Washington for seven and
ia half years and dldnt by act or word
smite the bosses he now rails against
lor promote the causes he now "ea
1 bodies." Being "a practical mas,'' k
asks a third, eto.. term.
By applying the common sense teat
to Rooseveltian romance Goveraor
Wilson manages to keep the country
'both amused and thoughtful.
What a Moosette? A Third Term
Gov. Wilson said to the newspaper
i men, at the New Tork .Press Club
ibanquet: "Suppose you had a House
rf Representatives mixed like Us pre
ent Senate. I think we could all go
flshlnjt for the next two years.' But
the's at the helm and there wont he j the efforts of the packers to sell dia
saajr mixing. DumocratS " tbnf ag. eaaed, . meata. under the daoaoU
IS FOR WILSON
He Says Taft and T. R. Are Sol
diers of Fraud.
ENEMIES OF PURE. FOOD LAW
Famous Chemist Believes the Health
of the Nation Demand Election
of the Democratlo
By HARVEY W. WILEY.
(Former Chief Chemist of the U. 8.
Department of Agriculture.)
My appeal Is chiefly to those who,
like myself, have been lifelong Repub
licans. I believe that no kind of an
administration Is going to ruin the
country. I have a high personal re
gard for each one of the candidates for
president and vlce-presideent on all
the tickets. All the political platforms
are mainly sound and all promise ef
fort in behalf of the whole people. My
choice is not based on a platform. It
was determined by my impressions of
the real attitude of the candidates re
specting the public welfare. We are
creatures of heredity and environ
ment. In our attitude towards great
public questions we are almost alto
gether creatures of environment.
What two men are by environment
least likely to be swayed by special
interests and most likely to be guided
by devotion to public welfare? Two
of the candidates have already been
tried In the presidential chair and we
know by experience what may be ex
pected If either of them resume his
former seat on March 4, 1913. Mr.
Roosevelt by reason of his attitude to
wards the food and drug act aban
doned the consumers of the country
to the rapacity of a few mercenary
manufacturers. Under authority of
congress I had carried on extensive
experiments with my so-called poison
squad and found that certain sub
stances, vis., benzolo compounds, sul
phurous compounds and sulphate of
copper (blue stone), were Injurious to
The law conferred upon me, as chief
of the bureau of chemistry, the duty
of acting as a grand Jury and deter
mining whether foods and drugs were
adulterated or mlsbranded. Instead
of appealing from my decisions to the
courts as the law requires, the users
of these poisons appealed to President
Roosevelt. He not only listened to
them, but he abrogated the plain pro
visions of the law, appointed a board
not contemplated by the law, and di
rected that these predatory Interests
mleht continue their attacks on the
health of the people until this board,
unknown to the law. should decide
I Can we safely trust the campaign
for public health to Mr. Roosevelt?
cannot believe that to be the proper
eeurse. Mr. Taft inherited this ex
ceedingly bad condition of affairs
from his predecessor and has not
lonly continued this illegal board un
jder whose patronage adulterators are
still poisoning the people, but he did
'worse. In the matter of the adulters
itlon of distilled beverages In which
Roosevelt upheld the legally consti
tuted authorities, Mr. Taft reversed
Ithat policy and threw the mighty
weight of the executive office to the
'support of the worst lot of adultera
tors that ever disgraced a country.
. Mr. Wilson and Mr. Marshall by
ithelr strenuous efforts In behalf of the
food laws of their respective states,
have given a positive promise to end
such a threatening state of affairs.
They will support to the utmost the
officials under the law who are trying
jto protect the public health and will
imake short shrift of those who have
brought about these present unbeara
I Wll.An mttA Marshall hv thnlr rilirn.
l ,. . , ,n or ,rnm
- , ,n faw of torr Crests
and are inspired by true patriotic seal
In behalf et public welfare.
' I support the Democratic nominees
In full knowledge that many of the
prominent Democrats in congress have
been In full sympathy with the paraly
sis of the food law In behalf of the
unholy dollar. But when the Demo
cratlo president and vice-president
lend the aid of their powerful sympa
thy in behalf of the public health
those of their own party not In sym
pathy with them will be robbed of
their power for evil. If Roosevelt er
Taft be chosen the soldiers of fraud
and adulteration will be lmpregnahly
entrenched for another four years and
bensoates, sulphites and adulterated
alcoholic beverldges will have a new
lease of life.
, I believe also that President Wilsea
will renovate the department of agri
culture, reeking, as it has been for
, the rut twelve years, with scandals
- favoritism. He will see to it thaf
the bureau of animal industry will
i nmt.t th vmhiir. iionHh luntnad . or
pnriiSe "u. . inspected and I'nssod."
Under President Wilson no more Pin
ehots will be kicked out of the service,
no more unspeakable McCabes will ex
ercise dictatorial powers. There will
bp no more cotton leaks and Jungle
atrocities, no more Everglade swin
dles. Buccaneering, boasting and
buncombe will give place to sane ef
forts for the promotion of real agri
culture and the public health.
Under Wilson the department of
agriculture will be restored to speak-:
lng terms with the State Agricultural
Colleges and Experiment Stations, and
the State officials will no longer be
regarded as inferior beings, living only
on the largess of a Washington cabal.
I ask all who want honesty and faith
, ful service in the Department of Agrl-1
; culture, the promotion of public I
, health, and executives who have I
, grown to manhood and lived in an en-!
I vironment favorable to that which 1
makes for the public welfare, to vote
for Wilson and Marshall. I
FARMER GETS LESS, BUT-
He Has to Pay More for What He
The U. S. Department of Agriculture
has just announced that notwithstand
ing the increased cost of living among
the people as a whole there was a
greater decline in the prices paid to
farmers from Aug. 1 to Sept. 1 this
year than there was last year.
The average, farm prices of the Im
portant crops (corn, wheat, oats, bar
ley, rye, flaxseed, potatoes, tobacco,
cotton and hay, which represent
about three-fourths of the value of all
the country s crops) declined 7 per
cent, during the month, while In that
time last year they declined In price
only 4.4 per cent., and during the last
four years the decline In price aver
aged 3.8 per cent. The average of
farm prices on Sept 1 was 2.8 per
cent, lower than on that date last
Prices paid to farmers on Sept 1
this year, with comparison of prices
paid on the same date last year, fol
low: Articles. 1912.
Butter ; 242
But the prices on tariff nurtured
articles of manufacture which the
farmer has to buy continue to soar.
TRUTH ABOUT THE TRUST
"Expected Economies from Comblns
tlon" Do Not Materialize.
(Louis D. Brandels in Collier's.)
Leaders of the new (Third Term)
party argue that industrial monopo
lies should be legalized, lest we lose
the efficiency of large-scale production
and distribution. No argument could
be more misleading.
It may be safely asserted that In
America there Is no line of business
in which all or most concerns or
plants must be concentrated In order
to attain the size of greatest effi
ciency. For while a business may be
too small to be efficient, efficiency does
not grow indefinitely with increasing
size. What the most efficient size is
can be learned definitely only by ex
perience. The unit of greatest effi
ciency Is reached when the disadvan
tages of size counterbalance the ad
vantages. The unit of greatest effi
ciency Is exceeded when the disad
vantages of size outweigh the advan
tages. The history of American trusts
makes this clear. That history shows
First No conspicuous American
trust owes its existence to the deelrs
for increased efficiency. "Expected
.economies from combination'' figure
largely in promoters' prospectuses
but they have never been a compell
ing motive In the formation of any
trust On the contrary, the purpose of
combining has often been to curb effi
ciency or even to preserve lnoffi
.clency. thus frustrating the natural
law of the survival of the fittest
Second No conspicuously profita
ble trast owes its proflta largely to
superior efficiency. Some trusts have
been very efficient, as have some In
dependent concerns; but conspicuous
profits have been secured mainly
through control of tha market
through the power of monopoly to fit
'prices through this exercise of the
I taxing power.
Third No conspiouous trust hat
, been efficient enough to maintain long
as against tha independents its pro-
portion of the business of the country
without continuing to boy up, from
' time to t.me, Its successful conipett
Tha Christmas Spirit.
"My wife is going to get me
dining-room rug for Christmas." ",
what nro you going to give her?'
tbink I'll get her a shotgun."
TAXING POOR MAN'S
COAT OFF HIS BACK
Concrete Illustration of What a Re
publican Tariff Really Means
Causes Workers to Think.
Concrete examples of how a pro
tective tariff operates are causing tha
working man, the "poor man," to do a
lot of thinking nowadays. He is be
ginning to understand whether It la
not about time to call a halt on tha
Republican practice of taxing the coat
off his back and threatening him with,
the loss of his shirt and his socks If
he does not submit.
All through the present tariff law,
passed by a Republican congress and
endorsed by a Republican President
as THE BEST TARIFF BILL EVER
PASSED, are to be found discrimina
tions, the higher duty on the cheaper
article, the lower on the shoulders
of those least able to bear It the great
er burden of the protective system.
Here are some illustrations:
The. cheapest wool blankets bear a
duty of 165.42 per cent; the dearest.
104.55 per cent.
Flannels, not more than 40 cents a
pound, are taxed at 141. 07 per cent;
over 70 cents a pound, 7G.37 per cent
Wool plushes, cheapest, 141.75 per
cent.; dearest, 95.33 per cent.
Knit fabrics, cheapest, 141 per cent;
dearest, 95.53 per cent.
Stockings, worth from $1 to $1.50
dozen, 76.37 per cent; from $2 to
$3, 59 per cent.
Hats and bonnets, worth not over
$5 a dozen, 62 per cent; over $20 a
dozen, 35 per cent.
Carpets, highest priced, 50 per cent;
that used for mats and rugs, 126.88 pet
Women's gloves, unllned, 49 per
cent; lined, 34 per cent; longest
gloves, unllned, 42 per cent; lined, 29
Men's gloves, worth less than $3 a
dozen, 66.28 per cent.; costliest gloves,
14.45 per cent: leather, unllned, 44.6
per cent; lined, 29.50 per cent.
Buckles, cheapest, 77.48 per cent;
dearest, 26.3 per cent
Uncut diamonds bear a 10 per cent.
duty; Imitation diamonds, 20 per cent
The humble firecracker bears a
97.02 per cent, duty, while elaborate
fireworks bear but 70 per cent
Matting, smaller and cheaper grades.
43 per cent; costlier, 24 per cent.
Watch movements, seven jewels.
66.02 per cent; 11 jewels, 40.41 per
cent; 17 jewels, 34.45 per cent
Underwear, cheapest, 66.90 per
cent; dearest, 60 per cent.
Dress goods of wool, cheapest.
105.42 per cent; dearest, 94.13 per
Velvets, cheapest, 105.22 per cent?
dearest, 49.55 per cent.
Silk handkerchiefs, cheapest 77.44
per cent; dearest, 69 per cent
Scissors, worth 60 cents a dozen.
62.21 per cent; worth $1.76 a dozen,
46 per cent
Table knives, fancy grades, 87.49
per cent; bone bandied, 69.43 per
Butcher knives, best grades, 62.10
per cent; cheapest grades, 93.68 per
Files, smallest, 81.29 per cents
longest, 36.81 per cent.
Shot guns, worth from $5 to 110,
47.67 per cent.; worth over $10, 46.46
These are only a part of the dis
criminations, gleaned from a swift
conning of some of the schedules. Re
duced to simplest terms, they mean
that the poor man Is taxed higher than
the rich man.
The Third Term candidate's favor,
lte reply to the telling, unanswerable
arguments of Gov. WllLon is that tha
latter's opinions are based "not on ac
tual knowledge and experience but by
reading musty books on political
economy. The colonel nimseir at a
tender age was put at hard labor!
It Is not often that a man whose whole
life has been given up to politics and
office-holding gets as horny-handed as
Mr. Roosevelt in the ranks of labor
and high finance!
Wonder if Emerson was gazing upon
a Moose calf when, several decades
ago, he wrote:
'I am the owner of the sphere,
Of the seven stars and the solar year."
President Taft congratulates tha
Republicans of Maine on what Chair
man Hllles describes as "an old-fashioned
victory." Another such and
Vermont and Rhole Island would go
Democratic In November.
The card-stacking at Armageddon
goes merrily on. Eight Taft elector
In Missouri announce that If elected
they will vote for the Third Term can
didate. Those who know and feel for Chair
man Hllles Bay be really Isn't to blame
for the Republican presidential candi
date's announcement that he "Is oul oP
A Western Third Termer regrets
'that Roosevelt will cot have time be
fore election day to ray h lf he means.
Hell have plenty of Ums following It