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Good Roads Department
Again the spring season is upon
AiS with its trials for the road man.
The passing of winter brings up the
perennial question of maintaining
country roads in a passable state
during the change from the frosts
of winter to the milder days of sum
mer. As soon as the frosts begins
to leave the ground, traffic will be
gin to form ruts in the road sur
face admirably suited to collect
water for the ultimate destruction
of the whole road structure. Many
travelers appear to concentrate all
their arts to assist nature in the
ruin of the road.
A little foresight and a little
trouble could easily distribute the
traffic over the entire width of road
way so that no ruts would be form
ed. The habit of a lifetime is hard
to overcome, however and most of
us are prone to follow the beaten
In the davs when traffic was en
tirely drawn by teams, there was
perhaps a good reason for the growth
of ruts in the roadway, but now
with a lartfe proportion of the traffic
self controlled it would be a small
catter for the driver to avoid ruts,
if he would only realize its import
ance and begin in time The life
and serviceability of our roads de
pend upon the development of a
greater intelligence in their use, and
also in the development of a great
er interest in maintaining them to
a high standard.
While these suggestions are par
tictilarly applicable to the spring
time they are not without weight
at all times
The State Highway Department
is in receipt of many inquiries from
counties and districts throughout
the state relative to the use of con
vict labor for road construction
The scarcity of farm help has
made it all the more necessary for
prison labor to be used in some
sections if road work is to be done
at all. The recent fire at the state
penitentiary, which destroyed ont
of the shoe factories, has thrown
several hundred men out of em
ployment, and the State Prison
Board reports more men available
for road woik at this time than
ever before. The work accomplished
by the prison road camps in Mont
gomery and Dunklin counties has
proven highly satisfactory, and a
number of delegations from other
counties have arranged to visit
these camps to make a personal investigation.
A very keen rivalry over the
location, or rather the proposed
change in the routing of the Nation
al Trails Road from Fulton to Kan
fas City, has stirred up interest in
the road movement all along the
line. The State Highway Board
takes the position that the National
Old Trails Road was located through
'Columbia, Boonville, Arrow Rock,
Mai shall, Lexington and Indepen
dence because of the historical as
sociations connected with this road.
In linking together the old Boon's
Lick Road and the Santa Fe Trail,
the National Old Trails Association
has preserved eary traditions, and
this road crosses Missouri and forms
one of the most attractive links in a
great transcontinental highway
which traverses thirteen states. The
total length of the National Old
Trails from Washington, D. C. to
Los Angeles, California, is 3034
miles', and more than six millions
of people reside in the ninety
counties traversed by this road
Controversy over location along
this road in Missouri should be set
tied and the work of construction
should be commenced in al!
counties if funds are available only
10 properly grede the road, put in
mcestary culverts, etc., preparatory
to hard surfacing. The greater
volume of travel across Missouri
will naturally follow the best road,
but there are tourists who will
cross the state on the National Old
Trails in one direction and then re
turn over the "Capital Highway,"
the shortest line between the two
principal cities in this state.
With Missouri counties and dis
tricts voting from five and ten to
one for bond issues with which to
build better roads and bridges,
there can be no question of the
magnitude of the road building pro
gram in this state during the com
ing season. The laying out of a
system of proposed military roads
for Missouri, and the development
of the Capital Highways radiating
in six directions from the state
capital, general activity along the
eastern section of the National Old j
Trails Road, the elimination of a
prohibitive grade at Yancy Mills on
the Ozark Scenic Highwav, the con
siruclion of the Villa Ridge- cut off
between Washington and St. Louis,
the building of a "state road" twenty
miles through a densely wooded
cypress swamp in Dunklin and
Pemiscot Counties, the elimination
of dangerous turns and crossings
on the Southern Highway, are but
a few of the many important road
projects now under way throughout
Items of Interest About Your
Neighbors and Friends.
Miss Lottie Montgomery went to
J. S. Starrett and family spent
Sunday in Stoutsville.
We do odorless cleaning and
pressing L L. Lane, Tailor.
Mrs. C. K. Lanham went to Lake
nan Friday for a visit with relatives
Miss Ruby Bess Jackson spent
from Fridav until Monday in Wood
Miss Allena Kinsey of Hannibal
spent the first of the week at the
home of D, S. Sharp.
Mrs. Homer Harrison and two
children visited her parents in Hun
newell the first of the week.
AVhy is an advertisement like a
pump handle? Because you have
to keep working at it to get results.
Mrs. J P. Dooley returned to her
home in Stoutsville after several
days visit with her mother, Mrs. M.
Mrs M. E. Reuser returned to
her home in Palmyra Sunday, after
a visit with her sister Mrs. J. B.
We offer the following menu for
eatless day: Swallow a pint of raw
popcorn and seat yourself close to a
Miss Helen Moss who is attending
school in Quincy, visited her parents
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Moss Saturday
Miss Frances Webester who is at
tending school in this city spent
from Friday until Monday with her
parents in Hunnewell.
Moving seems to be the order of
the day. Nearly everybody who
had to change their place of abode
on the first of March, have taken
advantage of the good roads in
February to move.
Pupils of the high school of Ava.
Mo , under the direction of G. H.
Boehm, superintendent, who is a
graduate of the University of Miss
ouri, recently issued the "High
School Booster Number" of the
Douglas County Herald, Practically
all of the work of getting out the
8 page weekly edition was, done by
the students.' The "Booster Nurn-
. ber" is strongly patriotic in tone.
AND WHAT YOU CAN DO
CANTEEN SERVICE DEPARTMENT.
In the Southwestern Division of the Red Cross, which includes the States
of Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Texas, there have been organ
ized 97 Red Cross Canteens in towns along the main lines of railway travel
to render aid of every kind to troop trains.
In large movements of troops delays are unavoidable, and these bodies
of men will often suffer from hunger and thirst in spite of the best efforts
of the Army, and to give some refreshment to these men is a service the
Red Cross Is undertaking.
The commander of every troop train
in supplied with a list of the towmt
where Red Cross canteens have been
organised, and he is Instructed to wire
ahead for any senrioe that a canteen
can give. The organization of a can
teen consists of a chairman and a
committee of at least 10 members. Ar
rangements are made beforehand for
the preparation of coffee and sand
wiches in large quantities on short
notice and their transportation to the
station. The average troop train of
5C0 men will require 60 gallons of cof
fee. Fruit, cigare'ttes, etc., are also
attributed. Hot coffee Is always moat
acceptable. Although supplied with
the army travel ration, it is often Im
possible to provide every troop train
with cooking facilities, in which case
hot coffee is greatly appreciated by
If a troop train commander finds
that, owing to delay, his food supply
Is exhausted, he wUl wire his require
ments to a canteen and they will use
thMr organization to supply his needs.
In case of serious illness demanding
immediate attention, the canteen will
have an ambulance at the station to
remove the man to a hospital without
delay. This service has already been
the means of saving the life of more
than one of our boys.
Postal cards are distributed to the
men to write home. This little atten
tion Is much appreciated by them, as
the troops are often not allowed to
leave the train.
Innumerable letters are receivf'
Bhowlng the gratitude of the boys tor
the favors they have received from
the Red CroBs canteens all over the
country, all of which makes them feel
that somebody Is Interested in their
welfare, and does much to oheer and
The personal touch of the Red Cross
worker la an Important factor In main
taining the spirit of the troops, and
this is an important duty of the Red
Too much cannot be said of the
splendid enthusiasm that the women
of the whole country have shown in
this work. When they have been
called upon they have responded,
whether day or night. It is a service
that all women will be glad to render
to our boys who are giving so much.
That it's worth while on has but to
read the letters from the men. I quote
"On oar arrival at M we were
tendered a most hearty reception by
the Red Cross. Their kindness in serv
ing us with hot coffee and sandwiches
left an impression upon the boys that
will never be forgotten. We cherish
not only the worth of such a gift, but
more than that the fact that the whole
nation is interested In our welfare.
We welcome the organization of a
Red Cross canteen along any main
railroad line, and the undersigned will
be glad te furnish information aB to
just what duties may be expected of
them. CHARLES P. PETTUS,
Director of Canteen Service, South
western Division American Red
Cross, 1617 Railway Exchange
Building, St. Louis, Mo.
AND WHAT YOU CAN DO
BUREAU OF SUPPLIES DEPARTMENT.
The Bureau of Supplies might be called the American Red Cross Dry
Goods Company, for it purchases through Its Washington office tremendous
quantities of all materials which are needed for making the various articles
manufactured in Red Cross Workrooms. Through the advantage of this cen
tralized buying plan. Chapters are enabled to purchase materials at ex
ceedingly low costs.
The Bureau of Supplies specializes in materials needed for all surgical
dressings, in yarn for knitting and some of the materials for the more im
portant of the refugee garments, and especially the large quantities of mate
rials for pajamas, bed shirts, bed socks, bathrobes, bed jackets, and the more
Important articles tor hospital and patients' use.
The Bureau of Supplies' business Is
handled in exactly the same way that
any large dry goods business would
be handled, and since its establish
ment some six months ago has be
come one of the large dry goods bus
inesses of the Southwest Chapters
find it convenient to purchase from the
Bureau of Supplies owing to the tact
that prices are attractive, and that all
materials sold are Red Cross stand
ards, the materials being the proper
weight and texture. ,
Through the patriotic spirit and co
operation of local dealers, many Chap
ters are enabled to buy the materials
they need, more especially those for
hospital garments and patients' cloth
ing, through their . local merchants,
who seU to them at special Red Cross
Chapters are showing that they
have a great understanding of busi
ness methods, as they have learned
that owing to the scarcity of materials,
due to war causes, and owing to the
great congestion of the railroads, it
takes a longer time than usual for
shipments to reach points, and for this
reason they have put business methods
Into use and have learned that they
must anticipate their needs In order
to receive materials at the time they
should be put into work.
Another end of the Bureau of Sup
plies Is the examining, repacking and
shipping of all the articles the Chap
ters make. These are assembled at
the St. Louis warehouse, there opened,
examined and properly sorted, and
shipped to Eastern ports for use
abroad, or else sent to the canton
ments to cover the needs of those of
our men In service in this country.
At present the Bureau of Supplies
has over 100 people in Its employ be
sides some SO volunteers. It occupies
a warehouse with 60,000 square feet of
space, which Is tar larger than the
ordinary business houses, and is In
every way equipped to be of an aid
and service which equals the intensity
of the women workers. Through the
combination of the volunteer workers
of the Chapters and the American Red
Cross Bureau of Supplies, the Red
Cross now is the largest garment and
bandage supply factory In the world.
Through the Increased membership
there are 24,000,000 volunteers availa
ble, and reports Indicate that the new
membership is going to be as active
in participation as the older members.
For further Information, address
HORACE M. SWOPE.
Director Bureau of Supplies, S. W.
Division, 1230 Olive street '
The Woman's Missionary Society
of the Grace Baptist Church will
meet with Mrs. M. P. Nolen Friday
afternoon. Mrs. J. I). Urostattd
will lend the devotional exercises
and M. 8. Lane will lead tha study
for the afternoon.
One re AM-n why people object to
whole wheat bread is, that that
kind of bread is tho most healthful
food that can be eaten.
The income tax men, Messrs'
Beavens and Adcock, finished their
work here Saturday and departed
for Shelbina Monday morning. They
expressed themselves as well pleas
ed with the showing made by Mon
roe City, it being much better than
We do the better kind of cleaning
and pressing. Call us up. . Bell
phone 49 L L. Lane, Tailor.
Implement Inspection Week,
The National Implement end
Vehicle Association of America has
suggested that the 'week beginning
March 1 be design ited as "National
Implement Inspection and Repair
Week." The suggestion is a good)
one, and merits the careful attention,
of every user of farm implements.
It has been possible in the past
for farmers to wait until the last
minute, before ordering new farm
implements or repairs for old imple
ments, without experiencing any
serious delay in having their need
supplied. This condition no longer
prevails. The man who ascertains
his needs early this spring and
places his order during the first
week of March may expect to have
his farm properly equipped witn.
machinery. It should be remember
ed, too, that never in recent times
probably never in the history of
American agriculture has there
been greater need for an adequate
equipment of machinery on every
farm, in order to reduce man labor.
For several months, farmers all
over the United States have beer
anxiously ceutering their attention
upon the increasing cost of all kinds
of farm implements. In too many-
cases, so much attention, has beer
given to the question of price that
relatively little thought has beer
given to the possibility of not being
able to get machinery at any price
This is the situation, nevertheless
that confronts our people at the
Missouri Wesleyan College, a
Methodist institution located at
Cameron, is to launch a campaign
for additional endowment this
Spring. The active work, prepara
tions for which are now being:
made, will begin with a formal pre
sentation in all the pulpits of the
Missouri Conference on March 24.
The campaign will close at mid
night May 9.
The work is to be done with the
cooperation of the Educational-
Jubilee of the Methodist Episcopal
Churcl . an organization which has
assisted in the raising of about $23.-
000,000 for Christian Education.
The Jubilee organization is repre
sented at Cameron by the Revs.
D. Empey and C. E. Flynn. The
campaign is to be for a total of
$450,000. Of this amount about
$90,000 has already been subscrib
ed and near Cameron.
The Executive Committee held
its . first meeting at the college last
Lid Off On Mutton.
The lid is off on lamb and mut
ton. They may be eaten on meat
less Tuesday until April 15, a tele
gram to F. B. Mumford, federal
food administrator for Missouri.,
from Herbert Hoover announces.
The telegranr is as follows:
"The season of surplus production
of mutton and lamb raised for meat
purposes in the Western states is
now on and the Food Administra
tion authorizes you to remove until
April 15 its recommendation against
the eating of mutton and lamb on
the voluntary meatless Tuesday."
Replies to the telegrams of Secre
tary McAdoo to all the banks of
the country announcing the offering
for subscription every two weeks
between now and' the opening of
the next Liberty Loan of Treasury
Certificates of Indebtedness in
amounts of $500,000,000 or more.,
have been received in large num
bers. The thousands of telegrams
from the banks all strike one
patriotic note, and. the whole-hearted
cooperation of banks and trust
companies is assured the Govern
ment "without stint or limit"
- Let us do your cleaning, pressing
ard repairing. ' We appreciate your'
business. L. L Lane, Tailor.