Newspaper Page Text
THE COUNTY PAPER,
By SOUTHS WALMI.
MIE MADE A MISTAKE.
Bliss Jessamino had Just emerged
yawDlng, from her bod-room, although
the sun was five hours high and its
aerry slg-asags or gold were penciling
tho oascments, after a pattern which no
artist nndcr heaven could hope to imi
tate. And Kittle the colored maid who had
sccomponed hor mistress from Mobllo,
and regarded this northern climate as n
very polar region, was attending hor
-with chocolate, Vienna broad, and a
broiled chicken's wing.
Georgia Jessamino was on a visit to
1 cr father's cousin, Mrs. Uartloy. Ma
jor .Toeph Jessamino, her fathor, had
boon a well-to-do planter In Alabama
before tho war, but was poor now, and
Mrs. Dartlov's initiation to Georgia
hnd been hailed with delight
"1 only wish Bho had naked mo, too,"
said tho major.
So Georgia Jassamino was supplied
with an elegant wardrobo and sent north
to seek her fortune
Mrs. Dnrtloy was a rich widow, who
lived in a handsomo houso, scattered
lor money to and fro with liberal
'hand, and dwelt In perpotual whirl
of 'balls, parties, soirees, and recep
tions, And into' this sort of Hfo Miss
.Jessamino plunged, as you may havo
aeon a boo divo joyously into tho dcop
bill of a honeysuckle
"If I can only mako a good match in
Now'York, I novcr need go back to that
rtumblo-down houso in Mobile," said
Miss Jetisamlne to horself.
And, thus pondering, she devoted tho
entiro energies of hor nature to tho at-,
tainment of tho aforesaid "good
Claud 'Dnrtley, her couslr, camo un
der that head. Claudo was handsomo
'witty, and wealthy. But Georgia was
a little afraid of Claudo. Sho novor
could quito understand whethor bo was
laughing athcr or not. But, in spito
of all that, she smiled sweetly on
(Claude, asifirst and fororaost among tho
"eligiblcs" on her list, and had built
sundry castles in tho air, whereof ho
Last night, at Mrs. Ponfiold's wiwsi'
eale, bo'had been especially devoted,
and Miss Jessamlnc'sspirits wero high,
as she drank tho foaming chocolatoand
nibbled at tho Vienna twists. In a
minute, however, a bluo ribboned maid
camo to tho door.
"Miss Jessamino," said sho with a
llttlo opologetio courtesy, "would you
please como down to tho parlorP
There's ayoung lady there, asking for
"Ayoung lady?" ropoatcd Georgia,
staring at tho opposito clock, which
recorded an hour too early for fashion-
ablo calls. "Where Is her cord,
"Sho didn't send up any card, miss,"
"Did sho ask for mo by namoP"
"Well, miss, sio asked for my mis
tress first, and then, when I said sho
was gono to Siguor Arditl's to sit for
her portrait, but you wero in, sho said
anight sho seo you a mlnuto."
Georeift Jessamino glanced down at
'tho folds of hor roso-colorcd cashmuro
morning wrapper, and then at tho op
positemirror, to seo if tho braids of hor
'rich black hair wero in good order.
"I supposo 1 mustgo down," said sho,
slowly; "but it it should bo ono of thoso
tiresome subscription collectors, or pat-
ont dress-supporter venders "
Katy made h grlmaco at Fanny as tho
door closed behind tho rustling trails of
!Mis Jessamine' roso-colorod dress.
"Do young mlsseo," sho dono t'ink
uiobody hain't, no business to lib but her
self," said sho. "Sho's dat sellish do
.good Lord ought to ha' created n little
.glass obcr hor to keep off do rest ob do
Meanwhile, Miss Jessamino, sweeping
down stairs into tho drawlnr-room,
found herself face to face with a pale.
ilovely girl, in rathor shabby mourning,
who carried a morrocco traveling-bag
-and held two or threo volumes in her
"Did you ask for me?" sho demanded,
Tho young lady bowed.
"I have undertaken tho agency ol a
now publication," said she, hurriodly,
tund not without embarrassment
"Land'sLile of Martha Washington'
and sho.uld bo happy to put down your
name as a subscriber. The prleo fs "
"Pray don't troublo your solf to go
on," said Georgia, coldly. "I never
subscribe to any such thing. And I think
it the height ol Insolence lor you to
come here, pushing! yourself into tho
pretence" of your suporiors on such a
pretext as this I How do I know that
you are not one ot those sncttk-tlileves,
who mako jour way into people's
houses in order to carry oft' their valu
able ornaments P"
Tho yfljung lady had colored scarlet
at first aijd then grow deadly pale.
"Mijfossamino ! sho said.
TJtfrtVjl dup'ttly intorposod tho
haughty Georgia. "I don't caro abou
entering into a Qllsoussion with you.
At all events, it is highly unlemlnino to
.go about peddling things, like any com
mon peanut woman I And I bog you
will not repeat it in this houso."
Sho pointed Imperiously to tfto opi
door, and poor Amy Horton, who,
among all tho Blights and snubs Incident
to roduoed means, had novor yot receiv
ed a verbal oastlgatlon equal to this,
hurried frcm her presonco with cheeks
aflame and eyelids wot with unshed
"There I" said Miss Jessamino to her
solf, as sho went up stairs again; "I
think l'vo paid her off for bringing mo
away from my half flnbhod breakfast
As for Fanny" to tho damsel in bluo
ribbons "If you over admit such a
person as that again, I shall cortainly
request Mrs. Dartley to dlschargo
Fanny tossed hor head, and would
havo mado a port rejoindor, had sho
dared, tor there was not a servant hi
tho Dartloy household that liked Miss
But It so chanced that Claudo Dirtloy
himself, looking over tho morning
papors, in tho library, had heard tho
wholo Interview, through tho parlor
door that Georgia had neglected to
Involuntarily ho roso and camo for
ward, resolved to do what in him lay
fot tho healing of tho cruol wound in-.
dieted by Georgia Jessamino's unwo
"Pardon mc," said ho, "but may I
look at tho publication you havo for
saloP I am vory dcoply grieved that my
cousin should havo treated you so rudo
nut as sho glanced wistfully up In
his faco, ho started back, with an ex
clamation ot surprise
"Amy Hortonl Can it bo possible."
"I did not expect to seo you horo, Mr.
Dartley," said tho girl, hurriedly. 'I
asked for tho lady of tho houso. I did
not know you livod horo."
"But, Amy, I don't undorstand this.
You Gonoral March's niece and adopt
ed daughtor soiling books for a liveli
hood!" "It docs scorn strango, don't it?"
raid Amy with a faint smile. But you
don't know nil. Undo March Is dead,
and all his property has gono to his sec
ond wlfo. I won only a dependant, and
I could not enduro that sort of Hfo, so I
am striving to maintain mysolf. I camo
to Now York, becauso I thought I
could do hotter hero than in a smaller
city, but but I am almost discourag
ed." Claude Dartley took her hand and
gazed roproachlully into her faco.
"Amy," said ho, "Why did you not
let me know when you woro in troubloP
Had you forgotton our old friendship?"
"1 thought I had no right," sho falt
ered?" "No right, AmyP Would you havo
ot yourself drift away from mo for
evor?" And Amy Horton hung down her
bright golden hoad and faintly murmur
ed: "I don'tknowl"
Mr. Dartloy was In tho inner oflico of
tho law chambers of Messrs. Falkland,
Burgh & Co.. that afternoon, when
i. iss Jessamino rustled in, with a strong
smell of Jockey Club," and n llttlo
tinkle of affected laughter.
Mr. Burgh, tho only roprosontatlvo of
tho aristocratic youog Arm, roso and
"Pray excuse our cigar smoke, Miss
Jessamino," said he.
"Oh, that's nothing," said Georgia,
taking tho louthcr covorcd chair tbut he
offered hor. "I'm so glnd that I found
you In, I want to put your nanio down
for some of aunt Bella's charity cha
rades. Very piivato and select. Fivo
dollars a ticket. And I shall expect
you to tako at least halt a dozen."
"Consider my limited means. Miss
Jcssaminel pleaded tho young lawyer,
with a comical scrowing up of his eye
brows. "Oh, you mustP Insisted Georgia,
relentlessly, "l'vo undertaken to soil
fifty, and I never go back from my word.
Who's that in tho inner office? Mr.
Falkland t Whoever it is must givo mo
a round subscription."
Sho had just started up to go Into the
other room, when hor purpose was an
ticipated by tho appearance ot hor cousin
Claudo on tho threshold.
"Oh. it's Claude!" cried sho radiant-
ly. 1 'Well, I can scarcely levy a tributo
upon him, alter all ho has given toward
our costumes and scorery."
"Stop a mlnuto, Georgia!" said tho
young man, quietly. "You aro selling
tickets now. Will you allow mo to ask
whoroin consists thodifferenco between
you and tho young lady whom you so
grossly insulted in my mother's drawing
room this morning? Will you let mo
ropoat your vory words, 'that it is high
ly unfominino o go about peddling
things, liko any common peanut wo
Georgia colored high.
"Claude," staramorod sho, "I-1?I am
very sorry. I did not know you wc.;o
within honrlng ; und it was only a book
agent, after all."
"Tlicro you aro mlstakon," said Mr.
Dartley, with stinging coldness. 0"lt
was Miss Amy Horton, tho young lady
who is shortly to become my wlfe".
And Georgia Jessamino kuow that sAo
had committed a fatal mistake. Sh
went back to the tumble-dnwn house iM
Mobllo, and thoro sho remalns'yet, totf
proud to work for a living; and although
Amy has written hor a kind iuvltation
to visit her, Miss Jessamino has no? tho
faco to accopt it.
a rsegro Damuy in uaiveston aro
overlastinlgy quarreling and dlstufSlng
tho neighbors. A gentleman ltoing
closo by met tho wlfo and said to hort
You aro always klokisg up a row. Why
is thcro no harmony in your houso?"
"Dat's Joss what I was telling do lazy,
tvuffloss nlggab. Dar ain't no harmony
in do bouse, and no moat, and do baoon's
eat up, aud meal barr'l is empty. He
is do only thing in do houso wat's full
all do ttmo."
In describing a new organ a rura
musical crltio &ays," Tho swell died
away In a doliolous suffocation, like ono
singing a sweot song under the bod-clothes."
"Nonsonsol" said Mr. Whoaton,
Mrs. Whoaton's faco flushed scarlet;
sho looked up at him, and, If I mistako
not, n sharp reply got as far as hor
thro it, but sho cbokod It down; it did
not part her lips. Sho looked furtive
ly at mo, but I looked steadily at tho
ftre. Mr. Whoaton all tho timo was
quite unconscious of tho stir his word
hat) mado in ono tender and sonsitivo
heart. Then Mrs. Whoaton murmur
ed something about hor scissors and
slipped ont of tho room.
Mrs. Wheaton had von tared to mako
a remark on some business question; I
think It concerned the morality of somo
Wall stroot operations. Tho subject
was ono with which sho hod no groat
acquaintance, and perhaps hor woman
wit was at fault Indeed, I romombor
thinking at tho timo that it was, at
least in part; but what she said was not
Alter Mrs. Wheaton had gono out
there was a moment or two ofsilenco;
then I broito it Mr. Whoaton and I
aro old friends, and I presumed a llttlo
c n that fact.
" Tom," said I, " how long havo
you been married?"
"Twonty-fonr years next May," said
ho. "A year from next May, if wo
both llvo so long, will bo our silver wed
ding. And yot it seems but yesterday
that Lucy and I "wore sleighing It in
tho moonlight that Christmas that I ran
away from homo for my holidays, much
to tho vexation of my sisters, booaufo I
found groator attractions at Lucy
"I wonder," said I, spoaking slowly
and musingly, and as it voro to mysolf
"1 wondor If that Christmas holiday
you would havo spoken to Lucy Vino
asyouspokoto your wlfo Just now?"
"How?" said Mr. Whoaton, and ho
turned slowly upon me.
"NonscnsoP" I ropoatcd; and I throw
into my own volco all tho vigor and tho
sharpness thoro had been in his. It was
a hazardous exporiment, but Tom and I
woro old friends; at all oventf , tboro
was no drawing back now.
Ho looked at me sharply for a mo
ment, and I looked at him; then his
oyos went back to tho firo.
"Shohl" said ho spoaking to himself,
"I wondor" and thon turning quickly
bnck to mc, "Do you supposo sho mind
"What did sho got up and go out for
without a word In roply ' I asked.
"To got her scissors," I beliove,"sald
I laughed at him. "It is taking hor
a long timo to find them," I ropllcd.
"Yes, sho did mind it. If you hnd scon
tho quick flush in hor faco, and tho
quick look, first at you and then nt mo,
and tho choking nt tho throat, and tho
nervous movomont of tho hands, you
would not havo doubted that sho
minded it. Supposo sho had said to
you, 'Nonsense!' and I fired it at him
as explosively as I could; "how would
vou havo liked it?"
He shook his head slowly; ho was still
studying tho firo.
"Supposo I had said to her, 'Non
sense 1' " (oxplosivoly as before); "how
would you havo liked ItP"
"I would havo said you woro no gen
tleman," said Mr. Whoaton; "but
"But WhatP" said I.
"Why, John! a fellow can't bo study
ing all tho timo how he'll talk to his
own wlfo, you know. If ho can't bo
freo athomo, he can't bo free anywhere.
Sho ought not to bo so sensitive. Sho
knows I didn't moan anything."
"Tom," said I, "if any ono olso ac
cuscd you of saying somothing when
you didn't raoau anything, you'd got
redder in tho faco ovor it than sho was
just now. You inoaut exactly what you
said. You thought what your wllo said
was nonsense, and blurted it right
"Well, it was non'senso," said Mr,
"I am not so suro of 'that," said I;
"but if it woro, that was no reason why
you should tell her so."
"Did you always weigh your words
when talking to your wllo, as If you
wero in a witness box before a Philadel
"No matter what I do," said I. "Per
haps 1 havo learned a lesson horo to
night that will mako mo more careful
hereafter. Of ono thing I am very suro,
Tom; if wo were as careful of our wives
after twenty years of married lifo as we
aro of our girls in courtship"
But I did not finish my sontence; for
just at that moment tho door opened aud
Mrs. Whoaton came In. I had barely
timo to notlco that sho had forgotten
what sho went for; for sho had no scis
sors in hor hand, when Mr. Wheaton,
in his warm, impulslvo way, reached out
his hand, caught hors, drdw hor to him
and raid, "Lucy, my dear, Mr. Lnlous
here has been giving mo a regular going
over for speaking to you as I did just
'm hail no business to toll vou so: at least
ot in that brutalstylo."
Sho flushed rudder than before; thon
stooped down; brushed tho rloh, black
hair off from his forohoad; put a kiss
upon it; thanked mo with her eyes; and
then said, "I deolaro I forgot my scis
sors after all," aud slipped out of tho
"Well, John," said Mr. Whoaton,
grasping mo by the hand, "I am much
obliged to you. I romomber Luoy al
ways had a sonsitivo soul; I wonder it I
havo been prioklng it with sharp words
without knowing it all theso yoars. 1
think I havo loarnod a losson to-night
whioh I shall not soon forgot."
"I think I havo loarnod ono, too," I
The Habit of Thrift
Tho habits of thrift aro doflncd by
tho London Olobe as facts of solf-donial
for tho sako of somo objects In tho fu
turo, and It Is just snch nets as these
which people in nil cltios find it ex
trcmoiy uiuiouit to practice, it is a
matter to a vory grcatcxlontdopcndlng
on natural disposition which varies just
aB much in ono class as In another.
Thoro are somo who by naturo aro en
dowed with the accumulative propensity
of tho tqutrrol, and bco and tho ant
Thoy find a koen and absorbing pleas
uro In hoarding whnt thoy got; not,
porhaps, for its own sake, but as a meas
ure of successful fiction, and as a kind
of rcscrvo of powor which thoy havo
at command should thoy choso to exert
it Others soom to havo nothing of this
in thotr composition. The power that
monoy glvos scorns to thorn dormant
and usoloss until It is put to action.
Thoy aro sangulno, and aro gny and
light-hearted in tho present; whereas
tho acquisitive individual will usually
bo found apprehensive of tho coming
timo, and vory apt to meet his troubles
half-way. 'Ihoso two typos of charac
ter aro as marked and distinct as any
two possibly can bo, and tho cxtremo of
each can scarcely be considered amonn-
bio to modifying influences to any ex-
font Morcovor thoy nro confined not
to ono class but aro found In nil. Edu
cation is commonly rognrded us tho
proper euro for thriftless habits, and to
n certain cxtont, no doubt, it is. But
education cannot cradicato tho constltu-,
cnt traits of individual charactor. Tho
accumulative nnd foreboding will always
remain moro or less so, and tho san
guine nnd freo-handed will always feel
tho passing day to bo tho ono really im
portant point of time. Moreover, al
though cduoation implies self-restraint
and thoughtfulncss, it, of courso, has a
tendency to expand tho view nnd to
crcnto desires which may or may not
bo of a simplo nnd Inexpensive kind.
The habit of solf-rcstraint is tho ono
point to which education must tend if
it Is to dovolop thrift; nnd looking
around on society generally it is difficult
sometimes to discern tho oxistenco of
this control of individual proclivitcs in
ono class moro than another, though
tho nnturo and direction of thoso pro
clivities may vary considerably.
The Growth or tho Gun.
Hunting forgamo was practifcd with
bow nnd arrow only, until in tho six
teenth century tho Spaniards contrived
tho mqucbuss or matchlock. Here tho
match was fitted to a "scrpentln" or
cock, hung upon a pivot, nnd brought
into contact with tho priming by a
working substantially tho samo as that
ot tho modern hammer and trigger.
This was further improved by tho Gor
man invention of a steel wheel with
serrated edgo, fitted to n spring, and
mado to rovolvo rapidly, tho edgo com
Ing in contact with a pleco of pyrites
and by this friction producing the
sparks, to ignito tho priming. Tho use
cf tho wheel-lock for sporting purposes
was very general in tho raiddlo of tho
sixteenth contury,, and for along time
was hot improved upon.
But necessity is tho mother of in
vontion. A band of Dutch chicken
stcalors or of Spanish marauders it is
disputed which boing too poor to pro
vido themselves with tho high priced
wheel-look, nnd afraid to use tho match
lock becauso its light rovcaled their
whereabouts to tho minions of tho law
abstained from thoir evil practices long
enough todeviso a weapon better adapt
cd to tho needs of roost robbors. T he
result was tho flint look; nnd tho pot
hunting fratornlty scored a long credit
mark. Tho sportsman of our grand
fathers' generation owed tho mechanism
of thoir guns to a band of poultry
thlevos; thoro is yot hope for tho color
Tho Hint-lock roaohod Iti porfectl n
In tho hands of "That king of gun
makers," Josoph Manton, in tho early
part of tho present contury, aud itgavo
way only to a worthy suporlor In the
modern gun exploded by percussion.
Tho discovery of fulminating pow
ders and their application to gunnery
mark a most important epoch in tho
manufacture and employment of fire
arms. Tho chargo in tho gun was nt
first placed above tho fulminating
powder which was Ignited by tho con
cussion of an iron plungor struck by a
cock. Then this plungor was dispens
ed with, and tho fulmlnato was simply
plaod in tho flash pan. Tho succes
sive stops nro familiar to almost all
gunnors: tho priming was placed be
tween two bits of papor and called
percussion pollots; tho fulmlnato was
affixed to Uio breech of tho nowly in
vontt d cartrldgo and fired by a penotra
ting needle; then camo tho copper
oap; and then tho culminating improve
ment of tho cartrldgo containing both
tho chargo and tho priming and ignited
at first by tho pin and afterward rim llro
and contrnl llro principle
Snow Puddina.Taka fivo eggs:
divide yolks from whites; boat whites
to a stiff troth; plaeo ono quart of milk
on tho rango; when at a boiling point
add sugar to taste; ono vanilla boau or
ono stick of cinnamon, sweeten tho
whites with ono tablosnoonful ol now-
dorod sugar and drop them into tho hot
milk; leavo in long enough to scald
thom, whllo you wisk them into small
flakos; tako a skimmoraud tako out tho
flakes and let thom cool on a dish, add
yolks to milk with a toaspoonful of
corn-starch dissolvod in water; when
cool add tho flakos and sorvo.
The nowly-arrlvcd ohambormald.
having obso-ved hor mispress going out
for tho evening wonring a pair ot t welve
button gloves, confidentially romarked
to tho cook, "It bates all. Suro I nlvor
oxpeoted to seo a lady wld shtooklns on
14 For Tlio Old Folks.'
It you would miko tho agod happy,
lead them to fool that thore is still a
plaeo for them whero they can bo uso-
lul. When you sco their powers loll
ing, do not notico It. It is enough for
them to feel it without a roniindor. Do
not humilato them by doing things af
ter thom. Accept thoir offered ser
vices, nnd do not let them seo you tak
ing off tho dust thoir poor oyoslght has
lclt undisturbed, or wiping up tho
liquid their trembling hands havo
spilled; rathor let tho dust remain, nnd
tho liquid stain tho carpet than rob
thom of their solf-rcspcct by utlg you
cover their deficiencies. You mat givo
them tho best room In tho houso. ou
may garnish It with pictures and flow
ors, you may yiold thom tho best soat
In your church-pow, tho easiest chair
in your parlor, tho highest soat of hon
or, at your table; but ir you lead, or
leave tliom to feel that they havo pass
ed thoir usefulness, you plant n thorn
In thoir bosom that will rankio thoro
while lifo lasts. If thoy nro capablo of
doing nothing but preparing your
kindlings, or darning your stockings,
indulgothom in thoso things, but never
let them feel that it is becauso they
can do nothing else, rather that they do
this so well.
Do not Ignore their tasto nnd judg
ment It mny bo in their onrlior days,
and in tho olrolo whoro thoy moved
that thoy wero as much sought and
honored ns you arc now; nnd until you
arrive a', tho plaeo, jou can ill Imagine
your leoling should you bo considered
entirely void of thoso qtinlitios, bo re
garded ns essential to no ono, nnd your
opinions unsought, or discarded if
given. Thoy may havo been active
and successful in tho training of chil
dren nnd youth in tho way they should
go; nnd will thoy not fool It keenly, if
no attempt is mado to draw from this
Indulge thom as far as posslblo in
their old habits. Tho various forms ol
society in which thoy woro cducntcd
may bo as dear to them ns yours nro
now to you; and can thoy sco tluni
slighted or disowned without a pang P
If thoy relish their meals better by turn
ing their tea into tho saucer, having
their butter on tho samo pinto with
thoir food, or eating with both knllo
and folk, do not in word or deed imply
to thom that tho customs of their days
are obnoxious in good society; oml they
arc slipping down from respectability
ns thoy descend tho hlll-sido of lile.
Always bear in mind that tho custom
of which you aro now so tenacious may
bo equally repugnant to tho next
In this connection I would say, do
not notlco tho pronunciation of tho
aged. Thoy speak as thoy woro taught,
and yours may bo just ss uncourtly to
tho generation following. I wns once
taught a lesson on this subject wkich
i never sunn lorgiit whllo momory
noius us sway, i was inning, wnon
father brought his son to t.iko charge
ot n literary institution. lit wns in
telllgtut. but had not received the
earlier advantages which he had labor
ed hard to procure for his son; and his
languago was quite n contrast to that
of tho cultivated youth. But tho at
tention he gavo to his father's quaint
though wiso remarks, placed him on a
higher plnnaclo in my mind then ho
was ovor placed by his wotld-wido ro
putatlon as a scholar and writer.
Why I Stopped Drinking.
I may toll a now story on Scnntor
Girland, of Arkansas, says tho Wash
ington correspondent of tho Philadel
phia limes. Ho is a great lawyer one
of tho two or threo really big lawyers
in tho Senate Ho has always been n
modest man, but whatever ho has had
to say ho hus said It as well as E Imunds
Thurman, or oven Don Cameron could
say it. However, that has nothing to
do with tho story. Garland lias always
been a liberal drinker. That is why
(or at least ono reason whj) he is so
popular in Arkansas, whero pcoplo
would rathor drink with a man than to
sLoot him, although not at all uvorse
to tho lattor on oortain occasions
Coming to tho Senate, Garland kept up
his nablts, and boeomo porsonally one
of tho most popular nndlovablo men on
the floor. Everybody likes him and
ovorv body respects his intogrity no
less than his great ability. So ho took
his drinks with Vest, Tliunn n, Ed
munds, Voorhees, Bayard and tho oth-
ors anabeoamo niso laraous as a story
tollor. When ho camo to Washington
last fall, ho surprised tho jolly Senators
by refuslrg to take a drink in ono of the
committee rojras. At onoo ho hac
half a dozen Senators upon him, guyiag
him and gagging hlra lor his reason for
stopping. Ono asked: "Kidooys, Gar-
ndP" mid another said: "Stomach
gono oaok on you, 'Jarland?" and an
other askedlf tho doctor h id ma le hiin
letup. Ho tinally answered thoui.
"No gentleman," said bo, there's
nothing tho matter with mo, but I've
stopped. You know wo had a pretty
hot ca lvass in Arkansas this summer,
and I went all ovor tho Stnto stumping.
Well, I saw tho graves ot a good many
good lellows who began with mc ami
who art now in tho dark valloy or tho
light ono, which ovor It may bo. I saw
tho wreck ot other men who started
with mo to bo jolly gooa follows. Tho
graves and tho wrecks set mo thinking.
From thinking I began to calculate;
Well on a rough calculation, I found
that I had already drank aboat a barrel
and a half ot whisky more than 1 was
entitled to. Then I said to my sell that
if I drank nnv moro I should bo drink
ing somo other lollo v's whisky-, and as
t didn't wast to no mat l stoppou.
Thoro, you havo tho wholo story.
"Ob, my," Bald llttlo shavoy-boad as
ho poppod Into bod for tho first timo af
ter his hair was mowed off, "how it
tlokles tho pillow."
Hoit M Wcra Sent Id tb Earl? Days
nnrat iU4r'4 III
Firt Heading! by Hounil
Detroit Free Prcn.
"You aro now out of tho IWotorn
Union, I bollovo, GenoralP" said a ro
pcrtor of tho FrcePrest to General
"I am still adlreccor inthocompany,
but hold no other office I havo long
wantca to get out but never Baw an op
portunlty boforo. When tho consollda
lion camo I saw my opportunity. Tho
truth is tho telegraph grew up so fast
Irom a sclontiflo toy to great, world
wldo business that wo woro caught fait
and hold to it."
"Youroxporionco, Gcnornl, has boon
n rcmarkablo ono: and speaking of tho
growth of tologriphy, tho discovery ol
reading by sound must havo been quito
Yes," said tho General, ns ho ro
lighted his cigar and reflectively gazed
nt tho smoke, "it was a good stop for
ward. I was ono ol tho original Morco
operators, formerly, you tnay remem
ber, we had registers and narrow strips
of papor liko tapes wound around them.
As tho weights pulled tho tnpo down
past tho instrument, tho key marks of
Morss alphabet would bo Indented, nnd
lrom thoso Indentations tho operators
read tho messages on tho tape"
"Kather slow and tedious, nnd com
plicated with machinery."
HOW IT WAS UONK IM 1817.
?)" I wns tho first telegraph operator
at Pittsburg," continued Gonoral Stag
er. "It was oarly In 1817; tho wires
thon stretched across tho Alloghanios.
Quito a wonderful accomplishment in
its way. But wo didn't do much busi
ness In those days. In ;foct half tho
work of the offico was showing strang
ers how tho Instruments worked. Thoy
would como in, gazo around, express
their wonder nnd then ask tho most sin
gular questions. Many a timo havo I call
ed on Philadelphia to toll how tho
woathor was for tho information of visi
tors. Thoy would go into raptures at
hearing that the thermometer stood so
highor so low, or It was windy, rainy,
"Probably that was tho original germ
of tho Weather Bureau P"
"I romomber," said tho Gonoral
meditatively, "that ono day my llttlo
offico was filled with n bovy of tho first
IndicH, led by Mrs. McKay, a beautiful
woman, wile ot tho leading bookseller
of Pittsburg. For their gratification I
asked Philadelphia tho usual questions.
Tho reply camo ticking back, and I,
with a pencil, wroto on tho margin of
tho tape besldo each Morso character,
tho common alphabetical equivalent
In that way, o( courso, thoy could spoil
out for themsolves tho mcsjago.'"nud
thoy woro greatly delighted with tho
performance Mrs. McKay took up tho
tapo, weighted it in hor.hands and said
'Now you couldn't scud any wider or
heavier paper ovor tho wires could you?
Kvorybod 'nighcd at this view of it
Sho had a dca tho tapo stretched over
tho mountains from Philadelphia."
HEADING 11Y SOUND.
"I think," said General Stager, "that
I was about tho first to read messages
by sound. Certainly I had so road thom
before I knew of any ono else doing it.
Erostus Brooks, just about that time,
ennio to Pittsburg and bought out tho
Gazelle. It was a very responsible duty
to collect tho telegraph dispatches, and
tho chief editor used to como himsolf
to my offico for that purpose Tho
markots were sent in cipher. Ono day
my register broko down whiio Brooks
was waiting for the report A slcamor
had just landed in New York and the
nows was important But tho register
was in sucli it stato that patching
wouldn't do. Brooks was in despair.
Now tho offico call of a telegraph sta
tion is easily learned. You have 'DE,'
lorlustnnco, for Detroit, 'BU' forBuffa
lo, and 'H' for Cloveland tho 'CV bo
ing takon up somewhere else on the line
Tho constant rol'eration of DE, DE,
or BU, BU, or whatover tho oflico call
is, makes it familiar and as easily
recognized as tho sound of n man's
name Tho very boys learn in short
order. Of courso in theso days, just
as now, our offico calls woro recogniza
ble to the ear. It was with this in mind
thnt I said to Brooks, 'Wait a llttlo and
I'll try another plan.' I explained mat
ters to tho operator at tho other end,
asked him to go slow, and between my
knowledge of tho cipher and tho good-
natured repetitions of oach link of it by
my down-Etst friend, I managed to got
tho wholo of tho market report It
camo slow, but camo in timo. Brooks
loft a delighted man."
Now, Genoral, that's a hlstoricn
fact worth noticing."
"I mako no cla ms," continued Gon-
crsl Stager, "but I'll toll you my own
experience It was always a question
amongs u whether Mr. Barnes or Gov
ernor Cornell wns tho first to road and
send by sound. Somo say it was Barnes,
' Tho prosont Govornor of Now
" Tho very same Govornor Cornoll
was an old-ttrao telegraph operator."
"Did tho now improvement tako?"
"On tho contrnry," said the Gonoral,
tho officers fought agabst It. Evory
commercial racssago, thoy said, must
bo read from tho tapes. Thoy insisted
that thoy wantod something for a rec
ord. Wo usod to bundlo up tho tapes
and koop thom for roforonco, to com
pare errors and find out whether tho
recelvor or sender was to blame It was
a long timo botorc tho officers discov
ered thnt saoh errors would bo detceted
Just as well from taking a letter press
copy of the message But reading by
sound is now tho only thing. It has
immonsoly increased tho efficiency and
capacity of tho tolograph."
"Your long connootlon with tho tolo
graph, Genoral, and your working op
from tho ranks must havo cnlargod
your acquaintance wl'h this country?"
"Yes, I think I know it woll and
many of tho men in it. Botwoon my
army experience and my civil oxperl-
onco thcro Is hardly a town that has m
tolograph offico in whioh I can't find an
old iriond. There is Goorgo W. Balob.
Detroit; ho is ono of my old boys."
"And Edison? I supposo ho sorvod
under you, too?"
"Yes," ropllod Genoral Stager, "ho
did; but Edison was nn orrntlo follog
and I know but llttlo of him as an ope
rator." A Mexican Hotel.
Tho Mexican hotel furnishes you lodg
ing, that is all. You ongngo your room
by tho day or month, and you get your
bed nnd toilet Of courso wo ring for
thoicc-wnter, moro Amorlcano, nnd tie
wnitor brings us wntor without ico; wo
ask if wo can't get ice, and aro told
that wo can if wo send out nnd buy it.
Boloro going to bod my chum thinks of
his physic, nnd asks for warm water
tho waiter can't get us any warm water.
becauso tho only plaeo to get it is nt tho
bathing establishment, and that is clos
ed at 9;.'I0. Wo need a spoon, nnd send
tho boy for one; ho returns nnd reports
thnt tho restaurant is closed, nnd thn
cafo, won't tnist him in tho room. I
go down to tho cam when tho proprietor,
a pollto Frenchman, says; "I am very
sorry to givo you tho troublo to como
down stairs; I nm very glad to lend you
any thing in my establishment, but I
navo liven too ion g In this country to
take tho word of ono ol thoso fellows
tor a spoon."
Tho forco of tho hotel consists of n
sad-looking clork, who writes the namos
of t ho guests in chnlk on a blackboard,
a melancholy custodian of the koys, two
bare-footed Comoncho bovs for eonotnl
utility, nnd two waltors on onch floor.
It is owned by tho Iturbcs. who nro tho
richest family in Mexico. Thoy paid
9130,000 for tho nronertv. and mnkn
S 10,000 or $50,000 a vear from It. Thoy
own tho wholo block, tho Hotol Bazar,
tho Hotel San Carlos, and wholo blocks
of tho best property in tho city. Thoro
nro two ol them, nnd thoir fortunos nro
estimated at $20 000,000 apiece
Gold nnd Silver in History.
Tho earliest history extant of tho hu
man raco informs us that gold and silver
woro highly appreciated as measures of
commercial value nnd ns matcrinls for
(esthetic ornament and porsonnl adorn
ment. In tho first chapter ot tho first
book of the Pcntatouch mention ismndo
of tho gold of Havllah, nnd It Is added
with considerable unction, "tho gold of
that land Is good" freo from alloy sil
ver or copper, and worth $20 an ounce
at tho mines. Abrnham bought the
cavo of Macphelan for a burial plaeo
for his faithful spouso Sarah, and paid
for It in precious lucre, "current money
of tho mcrnchnt." His grandson, Ja
cob, sent his sons with money to buy
corn in E,'ypt, nnd Holy Writ is full of
allusions to gold nndsilvorns negotiable
articles or as ombloms of prulty, beau
ty and every dcsirnblo quality. Solo
mon sent his ships to Tarshish for gold,
which was very plenty in Jorusalom
during his roign, and as for silver it
wns so abundant that it 'was not ac
counted anything in tho days of Solo
mon.' Things wero ovidontly on a spo
cio basis during tho roign of that mer
ry monarch; yot, though it would appear
that tho times should havo beon flush,
tho Iseralitcs wore so oppressed by his
exaotlons for building tho temple, tho
King's houso, ote, and furnishing them
with vessels of gold, silver and brass.
that at bolomon's death they thought
it meet to send a deputation to his son
and successor, asking roliof from tho
burdens laid upon thom by tho "wisest
man." Their petition was contemptu
ously rejectod, and immodiatoly ten
tribes passed ordinances of secession nnd
went out of tho Hebraic Union. So that
tho building of tho Templo was tho oc
casion of tho disruption of tho Jewish
Euipiro, instead, ns tho buildor fondly
hoped, of being a bond of indlssolublo
union between tho tribes. But this is
n digression, for which I trust 1 will bo
forglvon. Tho earliost profdno history
also shows that gold and silver woro
tho chief objects of ardent dosiro and
oarncst quost among tho ancient pa
gans: and Midas, of tho golden touch:
Jason, of tho goldon fleece, and othor
old buffers who reveled in wealth, woro
almost as popular as Hercules, Porsous
and tho long list of horoes and demi
gods whoso wonderful exploits furnish
ed mighty interesting reading to tho
Greeks and Romans in tho bravo days
The Missionaries In Africa.
Howl Crafted Afrlcv-Plnto.
Theso missionaries with llttlo know
ledge nnd narrow Intellect commence
by instilling into tho natives, hour by
h' u r, irom tho sacred pulpit, whence
should only bo heard tbo accents of
truth, that thoy aro tho equals of the
whlto man, that thoy aro on alovel with
tho civilized, when they ought rathor to
say to them, in tho tones of persuasion
and authority, ' 'Between you and the
Europoan there is a wido gulf whioh I
havo como to teach you to bridgo ovor.
Regenerate yuursolres;quIt your habits
of bruitsh sloth; labor and pray; aban
don crime nml practise tho virluo which
I will show you; oast off yonr ignorance
and loarn; and then, but not till then,
can ynu tand on tho samo lovol as tho
white; then and then only will you bo
his equal." To tell tho Ignorant sav
ago that he is tho equal of tho civilized
man is a lalsohood; It Is a crlmo. Ilfst
to bo wanting in all thoso duties which
woro imposed upon tho toaoher when
ho set out for Afrloa, It is to bo a
traitor to his saored mission,
Two boys riding on a hand-oar, and,
comlDtfln colllilon with a switch sngtoa, er
killed at LoaliTUle, Ky., Jane Tih.