OCR Interpretation


The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, July 01, 1881, Image 6

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061416/1881-07-01/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

SIX VliAltW Ql,l.
.A. C. Swltilmrr.e,
Between Oic springs of nix and seven
Two fresh cars' fountains, clear
Of nil tint poldcn sand for lohV-'ii,
Clillil, midway paliir here,
As earth, for love's sake, dare bless lKavcn,
So ilaro I Wen yon, dear.
Between two bright, ttell-hculs, tliat bright
ened Willi every breath that blows
To) loud to hill, ton low to frighten,
D it fain to rock, the rose,
Tour feet stand fast, jour lit smiles lighten,
That might rear flowers from snows.
You came when wind unlaslicd were (inrllng
Ikhltid the frot-bound hour,
A stiow-'jlrd sturdier than the starling,
A storm-bird llcdgod for showers,
That snr'ng might smile to find you, darling
First Ixtni of all the flowers.
Could lov nuke worthy things of worthless,
My song were worthjau ear;
Its note should nuke the days ino'tmlrthlcfs
The. merr:et of the year,
And wake to birth all bud jet blrthless,
To keep ou birthday, dear.
JDut where ur birthday brighten heaven
No need lias earth, (lot knows,
Of light or warmth to melt or leaven
The front er fcg that glows
With sevenfold heavenly lights of seven
Hwect soring that cleave, the snows.
Could love make worthy music of you,
And match my Master's (Miners,
Had even my love le heart to love you,
A better fong were ours;
With all Hie rhjiiie like stars iilxc you,
And all the word' like Mowers.
s 1 -
FARM, GARDEN, AND HOUSEHOLD.
I'olalo Itol.
A corro.-pundont gives tho result of
-experiments In preventing this ilieae
by entirely removing thu tops before it
Imil become developed distinctly.
When it lir?t made Its appearance In
thu neighborhood, and before there
were visible signs of It on his grounds,
bo entirely removed the tops, either by
pulling them up, or cutting under thu
.surface, he does not say which. The
early ones were nearly mature, and
nonu were attacked by thu disease; they
were excellent in quality. Thu later
norls also escaped the rot, but not being
mature, were not so good. Thu tops
were left on a portion of thu patch by
way of experiment and heru thu pota
toes were speedily attacked by the dis
ease and the greater part rendered use
less. It is not often we hnvo thu dis
easu .so virulent In this country as to
render such treatment necessary.
rtluiiiiliM'liii-i- r Under anil
4'Iiooho.
Thu milk arrives at thu factory be
tween the hours of llvu and cijrht
o'clock in the morning. It is lirst e.v
amined to see that it is porfectlv sweet,
after which it Is weighed and emptied
into thu receiving vats, whore- it remains
twenty-four hours, by which tlmu the
cream has become entirelv separated.
Thu cream is churned until it Is in a
granulated form, when it Is washed freu
from buttermilk, and taken out,
worked, weighed and packed for mar
ket. Thu creamery occupies a slto well
adapted for the business, and Is bor
dered by onu of thu llnest streams of
water in thu country. Thu proprietors
are pleased with their success, and have
no fear that thu business can possibly
bo ovurdone, as good butter, such as
thoy turn out, will always bo in du
lnand. They reason very correctly
that thu moru there is sent to market of
a good article, whether butter or any
thing else, thu moru thu market de
mands. Farmers who reside In thu
vicinity of the creamery declare that
they can make almost twice as much
out of their cows by disposing of thu
lacteal fluid to thu creamery, as thoy
oan by working it tip into butter on
their promises. The arrangements In
thu creamery are such that thu trans
formation of thu milk into butter and
chceso can be closely watched through
all its processes. The cheesy portion,
or curd, is separated from the butter
milk, and in twenty-four hours from
thu tlmu that the milk has entered thu
vats, a finu artlelo of butter has been
produced, without an opportunity hnv
ing occurred for tho milk to hour.
Tli Oleander.
. A caso that occurred recently under
my notice may bo recorded as a warning
of tho dangerous qualities of a favorite
bouso plant. A lino healthy maro ate a
slnglo tuft of loaves from a branch of
nn oleander temporarily set by tho door;
then wont on a journoy of six miles, ap
pearing playful and well, but on return
ing refused her feed, Noxt morning sho
.still refused to eat, looked dull and
hnggard, and had partially lost control
.of hor hind limbs. Tho maro died bo
foro assistance could bo obtained, and
-on opening tho body tho dark red con
gostod stomach showed tho action of an
acrid poison, and inquiry brought out
tho account of tho cropping of tho ole
ander, of tho injurious qualities of
which tho owner was entirely Ignorant.
As this Ignorance is very wide-spread,
it may bo we'll to say that all parts of
tho plant arc deadly. A very small
- quantity of tho'leaves aro fatal to tho
.horse, as wo have just scon.
Tho flowers have produced death In
'thoso who carelessly picked and atu
them. Thu branches divested of their
liark and used as skowcrs huvo poisoned
tho moat roasted on them, and killed
seven of tho twelve people who par-
took of It. As in tho caso of other
poisonous plants, tho danger to animals
is greatest when, as at present, vegeta
tion is only just stirring, and when tho
stock aro tempted to blto anything grcon
'that comes within their roach. Again,
thoro Is danger at any season when tho
Hvo stock havo just como o(T n weary,
"dusty journoy, hungry and with tho
i souse of smell largely blunted or torn
porarily abolished. Also when tho poi
tHonous plants havo boon dried and
mixed with other plants in hay; above
' Jill, if that Is cut beforo being fed to tho
animals j nnd finally If Inseparably mixed
with wholcsomo food, as in chsllngc.
Tlicso last remarks apply not only to
tho oleander, which Is not Indigenous to
tho north, but to other poisonous plants
which should bo rooted out of every
pasture and forago field.
AnIicm unit Halt fbr Allium!.
This subject has been frequently dis
cussed hitherto, especially tho use of
salt for farm stock. That all domestic
animals do better whero thoy aro con
stantly supplied with salt, I am perfect
ly satisfied, from cxpcrlenco and long
observation. The only caso where salt
seems to do Injury Is where cattle havo
been long without It, and then on giving
them all they are Inclined to consume, I
am willing to own that It Is temporarily
Injurious, not because thu urtielu Is of
Itself bail, but because of taking too
much at mu doc. Thu proper way to
feed salt Is to place It whero tho stock
can go to it as they please, and taku
what they aro inclined to eat. Never
mix It with their food, so that they aro
compelled to take It whether they wish
It or not. Moru and better butter can
be made from thu milk of u cow when
she has her free supply of salt than
from one entirely deprived of It, or hav
ing an Irregular supply, and it also
takes less tlmu to churn the cream.
Nature requires salt as an aid In preserv
ing health. It assists in .digestion, as
well as in many other ways, which I
need not here mention. For eattlu at
pasture lumps may bo laid In any con
venient place whero a board can be fix
ed, to shelter from thu rain, and still
allow the stock free access. At thu barn
thu lumps can be placed under the shed,
or in some other convenient spot. Hut
oftentimes stock seem to require an
alkali as well, and that is most conven
iently supplied in wood ashes, which
horses, cattle, sheep and swinu will
greedily devour, when they havo an op
portunity. These should also bo suppli
ed whero thu stock can havo access to
them as desired. Tho ashes should bo
from good sound wood, and kept dry.
W hen desirable to keep cattlo at pas
ture, and there is no shed to shelter tho
ashes and salt, a convenient trough
may be fastened between two posts, on
top of which aro fastened two planks or
boards as a roof to shelter from rain.
Tho posts should bo longenoughso that
tho trough may bo 18 or 20 inches above
tho ground, and there must bo room
above, between it and the roof, to allow
of free access to thu salt or ashes. This
answers for all stock except sheep and
swine, which can havo tho troughs low
er. I believe that if a constant supply
of salt and ashes is provided where all
kinds of stock can have access to them,
very much less disease would bu known
among farm stock; I have neither known
bots, collo or worms in horses whero
ashes and salt were thus furnished.
'I'll; 'ucUlcllur.
This is ono of thu worst weeds that
infest the prairies. It is not as bad as
tho Canada thistle, but it Is bad enough
for all practical purposes. Althou"h
its seeds aro not bcattured far by th
winds, thoy havo a variety of ways of
getting over tho ground. They nttach
themselves to tho wool of sheep, th
hair of cattle, horses and wild animals.
and to the feathers of some kinds of
birds. They aru swept away from fields
in Hoods, and aro carried long distances
in streams and rivers. Thoy will stand
moro abuso than a stray dog without
receiving any permanent injury. Thev
eauso a largo amount of work when
thoy spring up in Holds that aro under
cultivation. Tho presence of tho weeds
in a grain Hold causes a largo reduction
in tho crop. Tho burs in wool detract
largely from its value. It is now af
firmed by many that tho young plants
aro poisonous to stock. Mr. John Will
lams, of Logan, Iowa, In Statu Register,
gives this testimony respecting them; "I
eamo from Illinois ten years ago, but
lived near tho Illinois bottom, and ono
year In particular there eamo a wonder
ful Hood of water and raised tho river
until tho whole bottom was underwater
for five miles In width, and thu cockle
burs grew largely in tho bottom and
washed tho seed to tho shore, and when
tho water wont down theso burs camu
up first, anil wu farmor.j lot our cattlo
and hogs run at largo, and tho first
thing wo know thoy were dying all along
tho bottom at a turriblo rato hundreds
died in a few days. When thorough in
vestigation was made It was found that
it was tho young cockle burs thut killed
tho stock. It is very poisonous. When
very young it is sweet and tonder, and
being tho first thing green In sight thu
cattlo and hogs cat them greedily. Our
cattlo would como up at night and in
tho morning there would bo from three
to twelve dead, and some sick. Our
remedy, when in time, was heavy
drenches of molted lard. On examin
ing thoso that died their gall was gen
erally largo or hurstcd, and tho farmers
and stock-men took their stock olV of
tho bottom for about two weoks, until
vegetation got up in good shape, and
there wasn't any moro of tho disease."
Tho wiso law-makers of this State some
years ago sought to exterminate cocklo
burs by directing a statuto against them.
Hut for sonio reason tho weeds havo
paid very llttlo attention to It. Thoy
contlnuo to grow and multiply, and
when a largo crop of burs Is produced,
thoy tako tho river routo to tho eoa
board. Thoy havo Invaded tho sacred
soli of sovoral States whero no unfriond
ly legislation oxists concerning thorn.
Tho cocklo-burs will soon bo to tho
United States what tho thlstlo is to Scot
land a national weed. Tho chief dif
ficulty In exterminating tho post lies In
tho fact that tho seed will retain Its vi
tality sovoral years. Tho host way to
eradicate it Is to put tho infested Hold
in grass and not break the sod for suv
oral seasons. This oloanlng process.
should bo continued till all tho farm has
been under treatment." A closo look
out must then bo kept for chance speci
mens that may appear.
A Japanese Bronze Worker.
Tho most skillful living bronze work
er In Japan, and ono of the most skill
ful workers of metal that Japan lias
ever possessed, Is said by tho Japan
Mall to bo a Klyoto artisan named Zoro
kit. Ills specialty Is inlaying with silver
and gold, an art which ho carries to
such perfection that his pieces nro
scarcely distinguishable from the chefs
tfivuvre of thu Mln period. What ono
sees on going Into his atelier is a very
old man somu slxty-fivu or seventy
peering through a pair of huge horn
spectacles at a tiny incense-burner or
still tinier ilower vase, from whoso frets
and diapers he Is paring away, with
marvelous patience, an almost Imper
ceptible roughness of excrescence, Be-
Idc him, winter and summer nllkv,
stands a brazier witli a slow charcoal
fire, over which an Iron netting sup
ports ono or two bron.u vessels similar
to that hu holds in his hand. Plainly
these bronzes aro being subjected to a
slow process of baking, and if you
watch for a moment, mnrveling at the
purpose of a proceeding which seems
onlv calculated to mar thu fair surface
of thu metal, you shall presently see the
old man dip a feather into a vessel fill
ed with greenish liquor, and touch tho
heated bronzo hero and there with the
most dillealu and dexterous care. This
liquid Is acetate of copper, and this
patient process, which you see repeat
ed perhaps twenty or thirty times dur
ing a visit of twieo as many minutes,
will bo continued in tho samu untiring
fashion for half a year to come) after
which a month's rubbing and polish
ing will turn out a bronzo rich in green
nnd russet tints that might, nnd Indeed
must, you would fancy, have been pro
duced by centuries of slowly tolling
time.
Reminiscences of an Obsolete Crime.
Hermit. In Troy Times.
How strango it must seom to many of
our readers to bo Informed that tho U-
idted States Court was once occupied try
ing a woman for tho crlmo of being a
scold. Ihu prisoner was the notorious
nn ltoyal. Sho was tried at Washing
ton in 1829, tho following being nn cx
tract from tho Indictment; "Tho said
inn ltoyal did annoy and disturb the
good pcoplo of tho United States by hor
open, public and common scolding, to
the common nuisancu of tho good citi
zens of thu United States and to tho evil
example of others." Tho prisoner's
counsel pleaded in her defense that tho
English statute, which punished common
scolds with ducking, was obsolete, and
honco tho indictment could not bo main
tained. Judgu Crunch, however, hold
that tho ofl'unso was not obsoleto and
addod that all correct legal authorities
decided that being a common scold to
tho nulsanco of tho neighborhood is nn
indictablu ollensc. Tho Judgu therein)
on fined Mrs. ltoyal 10, and ordered her
to give security for good behavior and
to stand committed until tho above men
tioned security should bo maintained.
This Is tho only instance of tho kind I
have over heard of in thu history of our
country, nnd hence I give it as a legal
curiosity.
Important Precious Metal Facts.
.Mining ltcccml,
Hetweon 1492 and 1818 tho American
Hemisphere produced .5,23 1,5-10,000 of
silver million, or nearly double as much
of that metal as all tho world has nro
duced from 1818 to 1880 inclusivo; as
largo as may havo been tho production
of tho United States sineo 1805, while
tho silver of tho first poriod, mainly con
tributed by Mexico and Pern was, in
major part yielded between 1650 and
1810.
Tho production of silver from 1192 to
1818, in tho Americas, exceeded that of
gold nearly as three to one, and in nil
tho world as nearly two to ono. On tho
other hand, between 1818 and 1880, in
clusivo, tho rato of production of thu two
metals has been entirely reversed, so
nun gout, in point of production in tho
world, for tho last poriod, boars tho rela
tion to silver of slightly abovo two to
onu. Hearing in mind this fact, as also
that with oven an annual production of
gold now reduced matoriallv below
100,000,000,it is still materially greater
in amount than that of silver a fact
either ignored or unknown to tho advo
cates of tho single gold standard what
solid ground is thoro for a permanent
fall in thu price of silver? Assuredlv
none, wo answer, when wo romembor
that no less than 900,000,000 souls em
ploy an oxclusvloly silver currenov. and
that tho greatly Increased population of
r.uropo and America since 1848, with
tho greatly inereased wealth and luxu
rious habits of tho peoplo of all countries,
havo led to a demand and consumption
of silver In tho industrial arts, for pinto
and other articles, which maku thu pres
ont annual produetlon of silver less ad
equate, In proportion to tho present pop
ulation and scopo of uses In tho world,
than was tho production of this motal at
tho opening of ourconturv. when it . hnm
tho proportion already stated to gold, In
quantity, of nearly three to ono.
,
Fossil Woods.
Sovoral specimens of fossil woods nnd
llgnlto havo boon found at a depth 191
fcol bolow tho surfaco hi boring an arte
sian woll as Galvoston, Tex. Abovo
theso were 'fifty-five feet of qulcksuud
and 135 feet of solid bluo clay. The
contractor also assort that a considera
ble, quantity of bones and shell luvo
been drawn out of tho woll, from, what
depth is not-Htatwl,
Health and Material Prosperity.
Popular Science Monthly.
Tho report of tho Hoard of Health of
New Haven contains, in n letter from
Professor Drawer, President of tho
Hoard, to (lie Common Council of tho
city, a convincing statement of tho
closeness of the relation between a good
sanitary condition and the material
prosperity and health of a city or com
munity. An individual, to prosper by
his labor, must bo reasonably well; tho
snmo Is equally true of a community or
State. In tho intonso competition of
modern times, no sickly community can
bo prosperous. It may bo intcllgont,
and moral, and Industrious, hut it must
bo poor. Henco it Is a duty, Imposed
not only by tho claim of the Individual
on tho community, but also by the vital
interest of tho community Itself, to pro
tect every person in it against thoso
diseases and dangers whoso power for
evil has grown along with our civiliza
tion. Tho wonderfully rapid accumu
lation of wealth, far surpassing any
thing ever witnessed in tho past, which
is onu of tho characteristics of modem
times, is not due to improvements in
machinery, to applications of science,
to the spread of education, tho decrenso
of wars, or thu moru extended produc
tion of tho precious metals, though all
theso have contributed their part, so
much as to thu better nverago health of
civilized countries and tho longer aver
ago term of life which is now secured to
workingmen. Kven now, n single pes
tilence like those with which Savannah
and Memphis have recently been allllct
ed, may set thu most prosperous city
back many years. New Haven lias had
but ono visitation of yellow fever, but It
took thu city eight or ten years to re
cover from tho visible ofibcts of it, nnd
a permanent loss of "what might havo
been" was suffered at a critical period
in thu commercial dcvclopement of tho
city, tho value of which can never bo
ascertained or guessed. Tho sanitary
work, which is of such Importance in
tills nspect of civil life, is often over
looked, because of Its unobtrusive char
acter, and it is novcr moru efficient
than when it is least obtrusive. In thu
ordinary pursuits of business, tho clang
of machinery, brilliant scientific appli
cations, tho bustle, etc., "are moro con
spicuously in tho eyes of tho public
than the quiet, persistent, imromantio
but heroic fight with unseen but un
wholesome Inlluenco which lurk in tho
air of our towns. These inllucnccs,
mostly growing out of our modes of
life, nro over present in all our cities,
ever growing unless cheeked, always
producing disease, and from time to
time especially inviting pestilence."
Few cities can afford to allow a pesti
lence to invade them. "A slnglo epi
demic, but ono-fourth as bad as that of
Memphis last year, would cost this
city," says Professor Drawer, speaking
oi jxow iiavon, "more, ami leave us
with higher taxes, tlinn tho most oxpon
slvo system of sewers nnd of garbago
collection that was over dreamed of
here." Moreover, a pestilence is only
an Intens'lied mn If .'station of disease,
tho most of its disastrous effects may
bo produced by prolonged but general
ill health; arid It is perfectly safo to say
thnt no Northern city can bo really
prosperous and really sickly at tho samo
time.
The Girl in Demand.
The girl after whom any number of
marrying men aro looking lias, says tho
New York Hurald been discovered
again. In other days sho has written a
book, or developed a phenomenal voice,
or shot a number of dollars' worth of
wild animals, or dono something clso
that secured local famo and considerable
mono)-. This tlmo she has planted,
cultivated, harvested and sold 350 bush
els of wheat. It is ncodless to say that
a number of young follows nro wildly
in iovo with thnt girl, and that tho list
of her suitors will rapidly Increase as tho
record of her achievement makes tho
round of tho press. A great deal is said
about woman who marry for tho sake
of being supported, but thoy aro no
moro numerous than men who long for
wives who will do work enough to sup;
ply their husbands with bread and but
ter, cigars and drinkr. Thoro aro men
in New York who would borrow their
last friend's last dollar rathor than do
a day's work in a wheat fiold, yet would
willingly endow tho Indiana girl with
half of their worldly debts, nnd do it
with tho best plain gold rings that could
bo bought on credit. Thoy would also,
as soon as tho wheat crop was harvested,
find business calling them to Now York
and keeping thorn thoro as long ns tho
money lasted or an adv unco could bo
secured on tho noxt crop.
The Original Penny.
Tho old, old penny in England, as In
other countries, wns of silver, and Its ap
pearance throughout the earliest tlmo of
Its history would rather astonish thoso
who know nothing of numismatic loro.
From tho Saxon times, In which it was
the only silver pleco oxtnnt, till thoso of
Edward I., it was stamped with a squnro
cross. This enabled tho coin to bo read
ily broken into halves or quarters, which
then served tho purposo of half ponce-
or farthings. Hut tho latter coin was
not much inforlor to tho vnluo of the
present English penny, Inasmuch as tho
broken pleco wns valued at ono-thlrtteth
of a mark, or thrco ponco sterling. At
this timo five of them went to hnvomado
a skllllng, or shilling; so that the rela
tions between what aru now chief En
glish silver and bronzo coins haw entire
ly altered In the courso of six centurios.
King Edward, who reformed the coin
ago, Hko everything olso, was tho first to
Issuo pennies without the Indented cross;
and to iwiHo up for Uio loss of tho qttoor-
shaped half-pennies and farthings litth
crtoln use, supplemented tho sliver coin
ago with circular pieces, bearing tho
snmo value nnd denomination. He fix
ed tho standard of tho penny, moreover,
by ordering that It should weigh thirty
two grains of well-grown wheat, or,
which was probably a moro nccurnto
test, that twenty pennies should weigh
ono ounce.
Realities of War.
A popular writer thus describes a bat
tle; "Wo hnvo been fightlngnttho edgo
of thu woods. A moment ago tho bat
tery was a confused mob. Wo look a
galn, and the llxguns are In position,
thu detached horses hurrying away, the
ammunition chests open, and along our
lino runs thu command, 'dive them ono
moro volley, nnd fall back to support the
guns.1 Wu have scarcely obeyed when
boom! boom! opens thu battery, and jets
of lire jump down and scorch the grcon
trees under which wo fought nnd strug
gled. Tho shattered old brigade has a
chanco to breathe, for the first tlmo in
thrco hours, as w'e form a lnno nnd Ho
down. What grim, cool fellows thoso
cannoneers nrol Every man Is a perfect
machine. Dullcts splash mudjnto their
faces, but they do not wince. Dullcts
slngoverand around, they do not dodge.
There goes ono totho earth, shot through
the head as ho sponged his gun. Thnt
machinery loses just ono beat, misses just
one cog In the wheel, nnd then works n-
way again as before. Every gun is us
ing a short fuse shell. Tho ground
shakes anil trembles, the roar shuts out
all sound ftom n battle-lino three miles
long, nnd thu shells go shrieking Into tho
swamp to cut trees short off, to mow
great gaps in the bushes, to hunt out,
and shatter and mangle men until their
corpses cannot bo recognized as human.
You would think a tornado was howling
through tho forest, followed by billows
of fire, and yet men live through it aye,
press forward to capturo tho battery.
Wo can hear tlielr shouts as thoy form for
the rush. Now tho shells nro changed
for grapo and canister, and the guns aro
fired so fast that all reports blend into
ono mighty roar. Tho shriek of a shell
Is the wickedest thing in war, but no
thing makes tho llesh crawl Hko tho dc
monlnc singing, purring, whistling
grape-shot, and tho serpent-llko hiss of
canister. Men's heads and legs aro torn
from bodies, nnd bodies cut In two. A
round shot or shell takes two men out of
tho rank as it crashes through. Grapo
and canister mow a swathe and pile tho
dead on top of each other. Through'tho
smoke wo see a swarm of men. It Is
not a battle line, but a mob ofjmen des
perate enough to bathe their bayonets
in the llamo of the guns. Tho guns leap
from tho ground almost as thoy arode
presscd on tho foe, nnd shrieks, and
screams, and shouts, blend into ono aw
ful and steady cry, Twenty men out on
tho battery aro down, nnd the firing is
interrupted. Tho foo accept it as a sign
of wavering and come rushingon. Thoy
nro not ten feet away when tho guns
glvo them a hist shot. That discharge
picks living men oH'thelr feet and throws
them into the swamp, a blackened,
moony mass, up now, as tno enemy
aru among tho guns! There is a silence
of ten seconds, and then tho Hash and
roar of moro than 3,000 muskets and a
rush forward with bayonets. Forwhat!
Neither on the right nor left, nor in front
of us is tho livlngfoo! There aro corpses
around us which havo boon struck by
thrco, four, and even six bullets, and no
where on this aero of ground is a wound
ed man! Tho wheels of tho gun cannot
movo until tho blockade of dead Is re
moved. Men cannot pass from caisson
to gun without climbing over rows of
dead. Every gun and wheel issmonrod
with blood; every foot of grass has its
horrible stain. Historinns wrlto of the
glory of war. Hurlal parties saw mur
der, where historians saw glory.
Industrial Secrets.
A century ago what a man discovered
In tho arts ho concealed! Workmen
wore put upon an oath never to reveni
tho process used by their cmployor.s.
Doors wore kept closed, urtlsans going
out wore soarclied, visitors were rigor
ously excluded from admission, and
false operations blinded tho workmen
themselves. Tho mysteries of ovory
craft wore hedged In by thick-sot fences
of empirical pretensions and judicial
affirmation. Tho royal manufactories
,t 1..!.. r i . .
n iTr ' '""r ,ni , , ,
n in Europe wil, a spirit o jealous
was especially circumspect. Not con
tent witli tho oath of secrecy Imposed
upon his work-)coi)lo, ho would not
..!. 1.1. i,i..i.. .,.., ..!..... t.. , ,
.... ...B., ..!, , .1Ul ui
uiutuur iiiuiiiirun, iNUllllur Kim? IlOn
king's delegate might enter tho tnboor
walls of Melsson. What Is erroneou
cnueu uio uresucn porcoiain that jTx-
i.ti
quisiio iMMiery oi wmon tno world fas
never seen its Hko was procured or
two hundred years by a process so"o
crot that neither tho bribery of princes
nor tee garrulity oi tno operatives, re-
veuled it. Other discoveries havo
-en
ely
of
less successfully guarded, fortund
for tho world. Tho nianufaotuil
tinware In Englnnd originated
stolen secret. Fow readers need hi
thin . iroiif
In
formed that tinware Is simply
plated with tin by being dipped
lnte
tho molten motal. In thcorv. it is nn
easy matter to clean tho surfaco of iron,
dip it into a bath of boiling tin, rumuve
it enveloped with a silvery motal to a
place of cooling. In praotlco, however,
the process is ono of the most difficult
in tho arts. It was discovered in Hol
land, and guarded from publicity with
the utmost vlgilanco for moro than half
a century. England tried In vain to
discover tho secret, until Jamos Shor-
man, a Cornish minor, insinuated him
self master of tho secret, and brought it
hnmo. Tint nnnrnt-. tt mntiiiffintiii.i.trw
cast steel was also stealthily obtained!
mm is now wiuuu tuu reaon oi un tr
Ibjaivi.
TO HIS I.II.Y-A ifIAILBV
rnncli.
My liuik limp Illy, my long lltho Illy,
My languid llly-lovc, fragile and thin.
With dank leaves dangling, and. flower-nap
chilly,
That Milncs like the shin of n Highland gllly I
Mottled and moist ns n cold toad's skin I
Lustrous and Icpcr-whltc, splendid and splay I
Art thou not Uttcrf and wholly akin
To my own soul and my own wan rhln,
And my own wan nosc-tlp, tilled to sway
The peacock's feather, sweeter than sin,
That 1 bought for a halfpenny yesterday I
My long lithe lily, my languid lily,
My lank limp llly-lovc, how shall I win
Woo thco to wink at inol Silver Illy,
How shall I sing to thco, softly or shrlllyt
What shall I weave for thenwhich shall I
spin
Hondcl, or rondeau, or vlrelay I
Shall I bins Hko o bec with my faco thrust
in
Thy choice, chasto chalice, or choose me n
tin
Trumpet, or touchlngly, tenderly play
On tho weird hlrd-whlstlc, sweeter than sin,
That 1 Iwiiht for a halfpenny yesterday!
M languid Illy, my lank, limn lllv.
My long, lltho llly-lovc, men may grin;
Say that I'm soft and supremely silly;
What caro I, while you whisper stilly,
liat caro I while you smile I Not u pin 1
While yon smile, while you whisper; 'tis
sweet to decay I
I have watered with chlorldlne, tears of chagrin,
Tho churchyanl mound I have planted thco In,
upside down, In an Intense way,
In n rough red flowcr-pot, sweeter than sin,
mat 1 oouglit for n halfpenny yesterday.
Joan of Arc's Trial.
Jnmrj I'nrlon In tlio Juno ltarpcr'i".
After preliminaries that threatened
to bo endless, tho nubile nnrt of the
trial began on Wednesday, February
21, 1-131, at 8 in tho morning, In tho
great chapel of tho chateau. Tho Hish-
op of Hoauvals presided, and of tho CO
ecclesiastics summoned, 11 were pre
sent. Thrco authorized reporters wore
In their places, nnd there were somo
other clerks, concealed by a curtain,
who took notes for tho special uso of
tho English Regent. There was a
crowd of spectators, "a groat tumult,"
In tho chapel, nnd very llttlo order In
tho proceedings. At a tlmo when Lords
took their dogs nnd hawks Into church
with them, and merchants mndo their
bargains in tho naves of cathedrals, wu
need not look for a scrupulous decorum
in a Court convened to try a girl for tho
crimo of being "vehemently suspected
of heresy." Thnt was tho charge
Vchcmontmcnt suspected' hcresio. And
such n grand tumult was there in tho
chapel that day that tho subsequent ses
sions wore hold in a smaller hull of tho
castle.
Tho prisoner was brought In, freed
from her chains, and was allowed to
sit. No ono of tho ninny pons employ
ed In recording the events of this day
has given us any hint of her appear.-
anco. We hnvo, indeed, tho numera
tion of tho nrtielcs of her man's attire,
which was mndo such abolitions chargo
against hor: "Tho hair cut round like
that of young men, shirt, breeches,
doublu with 20 points reaching to tho
knee, hat covering only tho top of tho
head, boots and gaiters, with spurs,
sword, daggers, cuirass, lanco and other
nrms carried by soldiers." This was
her equipment for tho field. She still
wore man's dross, and doubtless her
person showed tho effects of nino
months' imprisonment and thrco
months of chains and fetters.
The presiding Bishop told her to plnco
her hands upon the gospel nnd swear to
answer truly tho questions that would
bo proposed to her. "I don't know,"
said she, "upon what you wish to ques
tion mo. Perhaps you will ask mo
things which I ought not to toll you."
"Swear," rejoined tho Bishop, "to
toll tho truth upon whatever may bo
askod of you concerning tho faith and
facts within your knowledge."
"As to my father and mother," sho
said, "and what I did after sotting out
for Franco, I will swear willingly; but
tho revelations which havo come to mo
from God, to no one hnvo I related or
revealed them, except alone to Charles,
my King; and I shall not reveal them
to you though you cut off my bond, be
cause I havu received them by vision and
by secret communication, with injunc
tion not to reveal them. Deforo eight
days havo passed I shall know if I am
to reveal them to you."
Tho Dishop urged hor again and
again to tako the oath without condi
tions. She- refused, and they were at
rnSth ob,iSe" to. yield tho point,
KJ ' t n limltC(1 VlJhiir'u
and
knees,
with botlr hands placed! upon a missal,
sho swore to answer truly whatovor
might bo asked of her, so far as sho
.uiim,
could, concerning' thu-common faith of
Chr8Uu8f 1)ut 0 more.
Doinjr thon
questioned concerning her namo and
early life, sho answered thus:
"In my own country I was called
Joannotto; since I have been in Franco
I hnvo been called Jeanne. As to my
surname, 1 know nothing. I wns born
at the village- of Doinremy, which
Lyiakos one with tho village of Gruux.
I ho principal church in at Groux. My
father is nuiuxid Jacques d'Aro; my
mother, Ysabullo. I was baptised In
Uio church lit Domrumv. One of mv
aodmothorwas named Agnes, another
Jollnn. ft ird Slbyile. Ono of my
gouuunora was jcaa tongue, nnotuor
Jean Varsoy. I had several godmoth
ers, as I have heard my mother say. I
wns baiisod, I Ijellovo, byMcsslrcJoau
Mlnlt. I think ho Is still living I
think,! am alnnit 19 years of ago. Fro
my mothor I learned my Bator, my Avo
Mtufe and nvy Crodo. I learned from
my mother all that I boliovo."
"Say your Bator," said the presiding
Bishop.
"Hear mo in oonfosslon, and I will
say it for you willingly."
Sovoral tlmos sho was asked to sav
Uio Lord's prayor, but alio ropllod, "No,
I will not say my Pater tor you unless
you hear mo In confession."
"Wo will willingly give you," said
tho Dishop, "ono or two notnblo mon
who speak French, will you sny your
pater to thorn P"
"I shall not say it was hor reply, "un
less In confession."
As tho sosslon wns about to close, tho
Dishop forbado her to leave tho prison
which had been assigned hpr In fhn rut.
tlo, under pain of being pronounced
gmiiy oi ncrcsy, tno crimo chnrged.
"I do not accept such nn Injunction,"
sho replied. "If over I escape no ono
shall bo nblo to reproach mo with hav
ing broken my faith, as I havo not given
my word to any person whntovnr " )
continued to speak, In lnngungo not rcc-
orueu, complaining that thoy had bound
her with chains nnd shncklcs.
"You. tried sovoral times said tho
Dishop, "to cscapo from tho prison
where you were detained, and It wns to
keep you moro surely thnt you were or
dered to bo put in Irons."
"It is true," wns her reply, "I wished
to get away, and I wish It still. Is that
not a thing nllowcd to every prisoner?"
She wns then removed to her chamber,
nnd tho Court broken ui. Tho noxt
morning nt 8, In tho robing-room of tho
chateau a largo apartment nonr tho
grcnt drawing-room tho Court ngnln
convened, -17 dignltnrles of tho church
ucing assembled. Again the enptivo
was unchained nnd brought In. Again
sho sat In the presence of this convoca
tion of trained men. alone, without ml.
vocnto, counsel or attorney. Sho under
stood tno issuo between herself ami
thorn. Tho mnnngcrs of the trlnl mennt
to mnko Franco bollevo that this girl
was an emissary of tho devil, nnd tlma
sho felt compelled to fall back upon her
claim to bo tho chosen of God, nnd to
Insist upon this with painful rendition.
Wo must bear in mind that she was ab
solutely sovercd from all activo nnd ef
ficient human sympathy. It wns a con
test between ono poor ignorant girl nnd
tho mnnagcrs of tho Court, paid and
backed by tho power that governed all
England nnd half Frnnco, with tho
stako as the certain consequenco to her
of an erroneous lino of defense In the
trial sho was tho only witness exam
ined. DOMESTIC RECIPES.
Gheen Coitx Puudino. Ono dozen
ears of corn, grated, two tablespoon
fuls of good Dnklng Powder, thrco eggs
well benten, ono pint of milk, popper
and salt. Spread on baking pan about
half an inch thick. Dako about ono
hour and cat with butter.
Plain Tea Cake. A half cup of but
ter, nnd ono nnd ono-half cups of sugar;
work thorn together, ndd four beaten
eggs, thrco cups of Hour, twotoaspoon
f ids of good baking powder, two ton
spoonfuls of ground coriander seed
nnd ono cup of sweot milk.
Wholesome Fiuew Cakes. Dy
omitting tho shortening that is, both
butter and lard from any good
fried cako recipe, and using In plnco of
it a cup of sweet milk, tho cakos will
bo light and almost ontiroly free from
g.-ensc. . Take enro to havo tho lard In
which thoy are fried very hot.
Wateii Ices Theso arc mado of tho
juice of very rlpo fruits, such ns peach
es, plums, pears, apples, cherries,
strawberries, raspberries, pino-npples,
lomons, orniiiros nnd tamarinds. Sn.
loot fruits having n very rich juice, ndd
sugar to tasto, and freeze as for ico
crcam, except that this will not rise as
cream doos.
Sand Taut. Ono cup of butter and
ono and a half of sugar, two well beaten
eggs, thrco teaspoonftils of water, and
ono nnd a half 'teaspoonfuls of good
baking powder, mixed with flour to
mnko thorn stiff enough to roll out thin.
Cut thorn any slmpo with tin cutter, rub
the tons with whlto of esrsr and snrinklo
on granulated sugar. Hake quickly. .
Eaa and Tomatoes. Tuko n can of
tomatoes, an onion, a pint of stock or
water, a teaspoonful of salt, a saltspoon
ful of popper, six nllbplco, anil stew In a
porcolaln-llued vessel for two- hours.
When ready to serve put back In tho
pot to heat, beat thrco ejrirs, white and
yolks, together thoroughly, stir into tho
tomatoes, ana keep stirring nntll tho
ecrsrs are cooked;- It should bo abont tho
consistency of well-boiled oatmeal;
servo ns soon ns cooked.
Stale Biiead Guiddle Cakes.
Soak your stalo bread In water about
two nours ueioro using it (It may soak
all night if you want It for breiikfnst.-
break it witli potato masher, add to each
quart oi the natter ono egg, ouo- table
spoonful of Hour, two tnblespooufiils of
Indian meal, a llttlo salt, and desert-
spoonful of good baking powder. Bako
on a Krlddlo as you do buckwheat cakes.
If desired, milk may bo used! Instead of
wator, and tlio eggs omitted'..
Chocolate Ckeams. If vou wish t
make choculato oronms tlimt aro more
delicious Shan thoso any confeetionor
will over offer you, try tlUtrcehw: Takn
two cupfii pt grnnulntedl Br pulverized,
sugar,, half ik cup of ci-egVi mllW will
do, but It noSkfCTRliufla. ifWeot thnm-
boa just five minutes from tlio tlmo It
begins, to boll, no from tho tlmo you
put It on tho stove. Aftor taking from
the stove stir until it is stiff; flavor It
with vnnllla; thca drop on a buttered
plato nnd lot it remain thoro till it Is
colff. In tho luoantlmo hnvo a cako of
ohocolnto brokon In llttlo plocos In a
bowl; havo somo wator bolllm? In tlm
tea kottlo; sot tho bowl ovor It; tho cho-
coiato win soon molt; thon tnko a fork
and roll tho drops In tho molted n).
Into and put baok on tho plato to harden.
uusorvo tno itirootlons carefully and
you oannot fail to bo pieced, with tlm
result.

xml | txt