TYl'V rnttNTV PAPflP I
Br nOIITNS WALI.KB.
TIIK FAHMKR'8 bkvknty ykaiw.
Ah, there he It, 1ml, ttlio plough;
He beats the boys for work,
And wntliso'cr the Uk might bo
None ever saw him shirk.
And he cad Uugh, too, tilt his eyes
Run o'er with mirthful tears,
And slog full many an old-tlmo song
In spite of seventy years.
"Good morning, friends! 'tis twelve o'clock;
Time for ahalf-hour's rest."
And farmer John took out his lunch
And ate It with a zest.
"'A harder task It Is," he said,
"Than following up theso steers
Or mending fences far, for mo
To feel my seventy years.
You ask me why I feel so young:
I'm sure, friends, I can't tell,
JJut think It Is my good wife's fault
Who kept me up so well ;
Tor women such as she ftrosearco
In this poor vale of tears ;
Sho's given mo love, and hope, and
For more than forty years.
"And then my boyshavo all dono well,
As far as they havo gone,
And that thing warms an old man's blood,
And helps him up and on.
My girls have never caused a pang,
Or raised np anxious fears t
Then wonder not that I feel young
And halo at seventy years.
"Why don't my good lioys do my work
And let me sit and rcstl
Ah I friends; that wouldn't do for me;
I llko my own way best.
"They havo their duty; I have mine,
3 mean to smell the soil, my friends,"
Said the man of seventy years.
I had but ono hero in my childhood,
anil that was a urotnor wnominau nev
When I was born my mother died, and
Douglas, then a lad of soventeen, was
snnt to thn Naval Acadomv at Annapolis.
Ho went into tho navy a low years later
as midshipman, and was sent on a four
Jenny, my sister and I received boxes
irom him from umnrt, Australia, mum,
with stranco. costlv toys, and lokinir,
aficctionato letters, which wo prized
more than tho irifts.
Wo talked Incessantly at school of
44my brother, tho Captain," and believed
that tho adventures of Slnbad wcro
tamo besldo those which wo imagined
for him. Ho was. in short, tho ono he
rolo and brilliant, though unseen, flguro
in our commonplace lives, upon which
-wo hung all tho romanco and fancy
which camo to us from other sources.
My father died when 1 was a boy of
ten. Cant'. Douglas camo homo In timo
to seo him beforo ho died. I remember
of boing led with Jenny to father's bed
side, where a tall, bearded man stood,
who put his arms about us, And, with a
"broken voice, said:
"Heforo God, father, I nromlso you
that thoy shall bo my caro!''
Ho was compelled to join his ship ns
soon ns tho funeral was over. Tho next
. week Jenny and I wero removed to tho
town of Clinton, where wo wcro placed
at different boarding-schools.
For nlno years this Invlsiblo brother
wns our guardian angel. Nothing that
money could supply was wanting to us.
His letters, always full of rollicking fun,
woro also tender as a woman's.
There was n strange sensitiveness, too,
in his affection that might havo belonged
to a mother.
Whatover schools wo wcro in, ho nl-
, , . , ., . .l.i
wnvs msisieu unit no niiuuui uu nuu iu
. - i ! 4i. i. 4 ...... .i
puss ono mi, m mni B"V
on that day wo usually compared his let
tors, or messages, ami brought him bo-
loro each other in yet more herolo col
ors. Thoro was a certain mystery about
him, too, which added to our romantlo
affection. Why did ho nover como to
seo us? Surely in nino years ho could
liavo had a tiiriougni
.Wo begged him in ourlottors to como,
or, at least, to send us his photograph;
but instead camo only piayiui excuses.
"All verv handsomo men aro modest,"
I said to Jonuy, with tho authority of a
., C 1 .,lVl m...n.llnnInn f
?01 fenr?, lwtyf f V
i"',01..??"?.'"3 '?..," & ?LlJT?jf.
suporb presenco ami tho' highest typo of
At Inst tho dav camo when I was to
f;raduato, and Jenny to leavo her sohool
n tho same town. It was impossible for
Douglas longer to roniam wholly sepa
rated from us. Wo both wrote to him.
"Surely," I said, "you will no longer
rofuso to como to us. You havo beon
father,, brother all to us. Lot mo show
vou to mv friends."
I tried to toll him how noble ho seemed
to mo; how I had mado him tho model
nf mv nwnllfn Pnmil tn 110 " I urm(l
OlmjOWnlilO. UimolOUS, I UrgUl.
Help mo to uo a man hko yourscu."
Jenny inclosed a note, which I road
and had half a mind not to send, so
slmnlo and girlish dlditseom to mo,
"Dear brother," sho said, "wo havo u
right to bo with you. God has given us
to each other. You aro alonu, and I
fool that you need tho lovo wo havo for
you. Let us at least make a homo for
you; you havo dono overythlng for us."
As If Douglas could need poor llittlo
Jenny and mo! I thought of tho wisest
and best men, the" most beautiful women
in tho country, as only a court In which
Jio moved llko 'a l'riuco.
Tho answer camo nlmost Immediately.
Douglas could, not bo very distant. It
was, oddly enough, nddressed to Jenny.
Ho spoko to her as If slio wero a woman.
"You aro right, llttlo Blstor," so the
letter ran, "I need mora than yon know
Jiomo and tho lovo whloh you say you
liavo given mo. I had fully resolved
'nover to show myself to you
-words havo moved mo strongly. It
.as if God spoko to mo through them
will como to you to-morrow."
I was wild
Itli triumph. was full
conceit and the desire to
tho oyos of tfio world.
thon of boyisl
.appear well lr
ment uavs a momen
In... nnnf.1i Jm rrrltf.
'f my collogo
companions and lady friends would bo
I had spoken to them all of my broth-
cr. Had described his excellences, and
Jils nobleness of character. When I
told them ho was coming, thoy all do-
isirnd nn Introduction.
"I expect him," I said to my mosLln-
tlmato friend, "in tho noon tralnr I
.supposo tho President and faoulty will
drag him off to tho platform as soon ns
How happy and proud I wasl Jonny's
cheeks, too, woro flushed and hor oyos
.shono with a brilliant light, but she was
very quiet. Tho noon-train came, how-
over, and ho was not thoro. tho coi
lego hall was orowded In tho nf ternoon,
ovon tho oamnus was dottod with gay
groups to hear tho addrossos ot tho
graduating class. Hut still no Capt
My'hcartstlUbeat with anxiety. I
flancod along tho row of dignitaries,
tow thov would shrink into inslcrnifl-
canco boforo my brother's splendid fig
uro in his uniform. Ho was every inch
My turn camo. I was the last speak
er. I was wen Known to most of tno
audience, as I had been a long time in
tho college. Tho applause, as I began
and ended, was vehement, but I scarce
ly heard it. A train had arrived Just as
I had mounted tho rostrum. Surely ho
was In itl Surely ho would claim mo
now before thorn all I
I stenned down when I had finished.
and took my placo in the class torcccivo
it was given. There was a snort
prayer, and all was over. Carrying tho
roll of parchment In my hand proudly
as if it had been a Marshal's baton, I
went out, with Jenny clinging to my
arm, to tho campus, crowded with my
Lontilnir ncnlnst tho fence was a
bloated, blear-eyed man, whoso worn
clothes showed tlint ho had walked a
long way. Two of tho professors wcro
tnlklng together behind tho pillar by
which I stood.
'Yes, that Is he," said one. Gono
quite to tho dogs. Hum I rum I Hut ho
has ono redeeming trait. For nine
years ho has sent his pay to supporUhls
boy and girl, and has lived himself on a
mero putanco 01 ins pay."
"Hut they never saw him. What in
duced him to sacrifice himself in that
"Thoy wero all ho had. Tho only
drops of his blood In tho world ran In
their veins. Tho poor wretch has never
had anvbodv to caro for him. and per
haps ho thought theso children might
liavo sorao aliectlon lonnm, ruined as no
is by his appetite for.drlnk."
I stood, stunned and dumb. I I!
It was it was my brother, my hero,
tlint thov meant!
At Unit moment tno man camo lor-
ward, trembling. Ho had not drank
that day, and was unsteady from excite
ment and tho want of Honor. "Robert!"
lie heal out his hand, anncallngly. "I
am your brother Douglas!"
1 mado no answer.
I glanced around in deadly terror lest
somo ono should hear him. They had
Then I looked him full in the eyes.
"This man is nihil!" I said deliber
ately. "You aro nothing to mo noth
ing! i can own no relationship wun
such as Voul"
Ho staggered back as if ho had been
"Great God!" ho muttered. "I Did
not expect this! Hut I have de
Thcro was a sudden' rush, and a sob
bine crv. and Jennie had both her arms
around his neck. "Douglas! Hrother
Douglas!" she cried. '"I havo you at
last!1' Then she drew back, with her
arm about him, and, turning to n party
of her friends who stood near, said,
with a calm dicrnitv
."This is my brother Douglas, l owe
ovorvthlnir I am and havo In tho world
to him. And I havo nover seen him
before. You will excuse mo if I go
with him now."
Slio clung to his arm and led him
"Let mo go!" ho said, struggling to
withdraw from her. "Let mo go back
and dio in tho gutter. 'It's tho only
placo for mo!"
"1 will never let you goi" cried den
l,ook at tnoso people, now tnoy
staro at yon walking with tho drunken
"Tlicso people," said Jenny, stead!
ly, keeping her hold of him, "know
but your ono fault. I know you for tho
noble, generous, Dravo man you are
livnflin,- T.nf lid im nwnv frnm linpiv
1 Air n I 1 . .. t t
I iuvu yuu. n u iu iiiuivu u jiuuiu jui
, - ,,
She led him. weak as a child, to his
hotel. And. in suite of all niv renion
strances, slio left town with him next
day I could not ovorcomo tho feeling
of disappointment and of outraged pritlo,
it was worse than fooiisii it was wick
ed. Nevertheless, I left them, scoured
a position ns clerk, and worked my
own way. 1 noted in short, llko an wi
When i louud jenny persisted in re
mainlng with him, I ceased oven to
write to her. Tho work sho began that
day sho nover gavo up. Sho did make
a homo for him, tho first ho over had
a 1101110 I01- IliDl, tllO llTSt llO OVCr
known; made it cheerful and happy.
She dealt with his falling n.s.Jlle
watched over him night and day; when
tho struggles with his temper grow too
hard for him, gave him mcdlelno; pray
ed for him, clung to lilm, never lost
patience nor liopo, and showed him
that sho hnd not lost them.
My motive Ih tolling this story Is to
show that the drunkard may sometimes
bo cured by unfailinglovo and practical
She did euro him. Ho lived for many
vcars. mid died In hor arms at last. Sho
"" " liiiu, guuu lumuuui lu Hull
,,,,., llnf ll.nra Is almost nlwiivs min.l
had, it Is true, good material to work
. r.".i..i Y.V .i .T-.7..i..r iti i l""" .
material In tho drunkard. Ills ailment
is a physical ns well as moral disease,
nnd should bo combated by physical us
wen as moral means.
When 1 attained full manhood. 1 rcc
ognlzed tho meanness and cruelty of my
position toward mem. i went to my
nrotner ami numuiy oegged ins pardon
Ho forgave mo, but I havo nover forglv
en myself. Tho rcmombranco of this
ono cfirtnco which I lost to show myself
a man numuics mo wun regret ami mor
Tho Train Hell Rope.
In tho early days of tho railroad
this country thu locomotive engineer was
the master ot tho train, lie ran it no,
cording to his judgomont, and the con
ductor had verv llttlo voice in tho mat'
tor. Collecting fares, superintending
,1... lmwltnnr mill lltiln.nlliin. f fputiylit
I ll.W U,.l,Mtp ...... ,...ll..... U4 4.f4.V
and shouting "All aboard!" was all that
is tho conductor was oxpected to do. Tho
I Erie railroad was then the Now lor
and Kilo Railroad. '1 hero was no rail
connection with Jersey City in 184'-'.
lioats carried passengers from Now
York to riermont-on-tho-IIudson whloh
was then tho eastern terminus of tho
road. Turner's, forty-seven miles from'l
Now York, was as far West as the rail-
road was in operation. Ono of tho plo-
neer conductors of this road was Cap-
tain Ayres. Ho ran tho only trnln then
called for botweon tho two terminal
points. It was mado up of freight and
uasseQrer cars. The idea of tho en-
glneor, without any knowledge of what
vids going on baok of tho locomotivo,
having his way as to how tho train was
to bo run, did not strlko tho Captain as
being uccordlng to tho propriety of
things. Ho frequently encountered a
fractious passenger who Insisted on rid-
ing without paving his faro, As there
was no way of signaling tho engineer,
and tho passenger could not bo thrown
from tho train while it was in motion,
tho conductor In such cases had no
choice but to let lilm rldo until a regu
lar stop was inaito. uaptain Ayres iinai
ly determined to Inst I
ituto a no
torn in tho running of trains. Ho pro
cured a stout twine, sufllclcntly long to
reach from tho locomotive to tho rear
car. To the end of this string next' tho
engineer ho fastened a stick of wood.
Ho ran this cord back ovor tho cars to
tho last one. Ho Informed tho engineer,
who was a German, named Abo Ham
mill, that if ho desired to have tho train
stopped ho would pull tho string and
rniso tho stick, and would expect tho
signal to bo obeyed. Hammlll looked
non tins innovation ns a direct mow at
is authority, and when the train left
Plermont ho cut tho stick loose. At
Turner's ho told Captain Ayres that ho
proposed to run tho train himself, with
out Interference from any conductor.
Tho next day tho Captain rigged up his
string nnd stick of wood again.
"Abe." said he. "this thing's got to
bo settled one way or tho other to-day.
If that stick of wood Is not on tho end
of this cord when wo get to Turner's
you' vo got to lick mo or I'll lick you."
Tho buck wns not on the string wncn
tho train reached Turner's. The Cap
tain pulled off his coat, and told Ham
mlll to get off his engine. Hammlll de
clined to get off. Captain Ayres climbed
to tho engineer's plaee. Hammlll start
ed to jump off on tho opposite side.
Tho conductor hit him under tho ear
and saved him tho tronblo of lumping.
That settled forever the question of au
thority on railroad trains, iiammiii
nbdlcixtcd as autocrat of the pioneer F.rlo
train, and tho twine nnd stick of wood,
manipulated by tho conductor, con
trolled Its management. That was thu
origin of the bell-rope, now one of tho
niont Important attachments of railroad
trains. Tho itlcil was pt!okly adopted
by the few roads then In operation and
tho bell or gong in lime took tho place
of the stick of wood to signal tho cngln-
er. Uaptain Ayres continued a con
ductor on this road under Its different
managers until ho was superannuated
and retired on a pension a year ago.
Mr. Gladstone's Slyle.
Tlio first impression ono gets of his
stylo Is disappointing. It looks fntlg-
ung. it docs not invite, nor does it
endllv lead tho reader along oven when
ho has yielded to tho Impiilso and felt
tho fascination of a strong mind. Hut
at last it lay hold of the attention. Wo
aro caught in Its sweep and made to
feel that we are In tho hands of a mas
ter who knows his subject and will not
let us go till ho has brought us to some
share of his own knowledge. Wo may
feel not unfrccpicntly that lio is far more
subtle than true, moro Ingenious In the
ory than penetrating in insight, moro
Intent on making out a caso than In go
ing to tho root of n dilliculty; that ho is
conventional rather than critical, and
traditional wlicro ho ought to bo histori
cal: still thcro Is tho glow of an Intonso
genius everywhere, nnd tho splendor of
a rhetoric which oiten rises into passion
nnd never degenerates into meanness.
Cliunsr his stylo certainly can bo at
times In an extraordinary degree, as in
such a sentence as tho following, speak
ing of tho Kvangeiieal clergy and tno
estimate to bo formed of their activity
and moral iiiiliicnce: "Tho vessels of
zeal and fervor taken man by man, far
out-weighed tho heroes of tho ball-room
and tho hunting-lield, or tho most hnlf
convicted mind, and perfunctory per
formers of a measure of stipulated duty,
who supplied so considerable a number
or tho clerical host." nut, evenii sucn
sentences wero moro common, thoy are
but blemishes In an intellectual feast;
and if wo are to estimate writing not
meroly by the momentary pleasure It
gives, but by tho elevation and moral
ns well as mental stimulus It imparts,
wo must attach a high value to many of
Mr. Uladstono's ossays. it would no
difficult to say how far thoy may survive
as monuments ot his literary genius.
Thov nromoro likelytodoso, wo believe,
than his Homeric speculation, labors of
lovo and special knowledge as theso are.
Hut. whatever may bo their fate, thoy
are remarkablo and marvolously inter-
nstlntr ns iiroduets of literary devotion
and ambition in a mind of intense ae-
tivlty, amidst tho pauses of a great pub
Practical Application of Knowledqc.
l'upils in our common schools nre
sadly deficient in the power of praetl
cal application. This must bo evident
to ovcry teacher and parent who has ev
er tested tho mattorby asking practical
questions. The pupil who, with tho
hook ucroro nun, can readily "get the
answers" to tho dlfllcult problems in
profit and loss is wholly at a loss to de
termine tho profit his father receives on
cloth bought for i!0 ecnU and sold for
25 cents per yard. Ho learns In school
that Columbus and Springfield aro in
the samo latitude, ami is not sure at
homo that Columbus is not botwoon
Springfield and tho North polo. Ho learns
that ovcry proper noun should commence
with a capital, ami then directs ms ursi
lovo letter to miss jcnnle smith. Ho can
say with accuracy that there arc 3G5
daws, ."i hours. -18 minutes, and 48 sec
onds In a year, but lias no Idea of how
many times tho sun will rlso and sot bo
tweon two Chrlstmases. Ho -can give
correctly tho principal parts of seo and
go, and Immediately after bo guilty of
saving, "I seen him, but now ho has
Is this fault, this studying to no prac
tlcnl purpose, duo to our system of edu
ci3!on? If It is, it is high tiiuo that our
leaders in educational matters point out
tho fault and suggest tho remedy. Is it
because teachers fall Into mechanical
rinonotonousriitsof teaching, and perform
their work In a manner io seliool-llko
ml so little bulsness-like that it never
curs to tho pupil that what ho learns
fMin his books has any connection with
oilVapplleation to tho things that occur
1..1V.... 1.... it..ot II..,.. ..... to ,1...
trcClble. and In this wo should reform
Lonlcaoh teacher make his work moro
antJmoio practical; let lilm strivo to lift
hismmlls from their unthinking, unprac
t j, tioal methods of study; let lilm glvo them
r for thought upon tno simple.
non things around them: lothlm cn
brto creato anintorest in their mind
tho subjects discussed by tho older
o of tin community, and soon w
havo a raco of children in our
Is who will know moro at tho ago
of 12 what is practical ami useful than
our children now know when thoy leave
tho common sclpiois,
Muffins. Ono quart of milk, threo
eggs, threo spoonfuls of yeast, Hour
sulllolont to mako a thick batter. Flour
tho bottom of tho ovon or grlddlo well
bako thorn, and when dono, lay them in
a woolen cloth. When you split them
to buttor, pull thorn opon, as cutting
makes thorn heavy, as it will till other
"Ho a good little girl," said Kdlth to
hor vouiurer Bister: "vou nuisn't ask for
a second pleco of cako. It isn't good
for llttlo girls, llcsldcs," sho added
"I want It myself!"
THK PliANTINO OP THE AP-
W1M.IAM CUI.tKJ nilTANT.
Come, let us plant tho apple-tree,
Cleave the tough greensward with the spade;
Wide let Its hollow bed be made;
There gently lay the rooU, and there
Blft the dark mould with kindly care,
And press It o'er them tenderly,
As 'round tho sleeping Infant's fret
We softly fold tho eradlc-shcct;
So plant wc the apple-tree.
What plant wo In this apple-tree I
Duds, which the breath of Summer days
8hall lengthen Into leafy sprays;
Doughs, where tho thrush, with crimson breast
Shall haunt and sing, and and hide her uct;
We plant, upon tho satiny lea,
shaddow for the noon tide hour,
shelter from the Summer shower,
When wo plant the apple-tree.
What plant wo In this apple-tree 1
Sweets for a hundred flowery spring",
To load the May-wind's restlcw wings,
When, from tho orchard row, ho txitirs
Its fragrance through our open doors;
A world of blossom for the bee,
lowers for the sick girl's silent room,
For the glad Infant sprigs of bloom,
Wc plantwlth thcnpplc-lrec.
What plant wc with this apple-trcct
'rutts that shall swell In sunny Juno
And redden lathe August noon,
And drop, when gentle olrs conic by,
That fan the blue September sky,
While children come, with cries of glee,
And seek them where the fragrant grass
Dctrays their bed to those that pass,
At tho foot of the apple-tree.
And when, almve this npnlc-trce,
The Winter stars aro glltto ring bright,
And winds go howling through tho night,
0 Iris, whoo young eyes o'erllow with mirth,
Shall peel Its fruit by cottage-hearth,
And guests In prouder homes shall sec,
Reaped with the grape of Claim's vine,
And golden orange of the line,
The fruit of tho apple-tree.
The fruitage of this apple-tree,
Winds, and our flag of stripe and star,
Shall bear to coasts that lie afar,
Where men shall wonder at the view,
And ask in what fair groves they grew;
And sojourners beyond the sen
Shall think of childhood's careless day,
And long, long hours of Summer play,
In the shade of tho apple-tree.
Each year shall give this applc-trco
A broader (Inch of roseate bloom,
A deeper maze of verdurous gloom,
And loosen, when tho frot-clouds lower,
The crisp brown leaves In thicker shower.
The years shall come and p.iss, but wo
Shall hear no longer where wo lie,
The Summer song, tho Autumn's nlgli,
In the boughs of the applo-trcc.
And time shall waste, this apple-tree.
Oh, when Its aged branches throw
Thin shadows on the ground lelow,
Shall fraud, and force and Iron will
Oppress the weak and helpless still 1
What shall the tasks of mercy lie,
Amid the tolls, tho strifes, tho tears
Of those who llvewhcn length of years
Is wasting this llttlo npple-trcel
"Who planted this old apple-treel"
The children of that distant d.iy
Thus to some aged man shall say;
And, gazing on Its mossy stem,
The gray-lmlrcd man shall answer them :
"A poet of the land was he,
Horn In tho rudo but gwxl old times;
Tls said ho mado somo quaint old rhymes
On planting the apple-tree."
FARM, GARDEN, AND HOUSEHOLD
rofpiuor Latently. Cornell Uiilvi rllp.'
To mako timber plentiful and to ren
der our climate moro genial wo must re-
elotho all rugged, broken land and
rocky crests, in fact, ever aero that is
not cultivated or Is cultivated at a loss,
with valuable forest trees.
First All ravines and steep hill-sides,
all land too rocky to bo thoroughly
cleared of stone and plowed, should bo
dovotcd to trees.
Second Protecting bolts of timber
should bo planted wherever buildings,
orchards, gardens, etc., are exposed to
cold, sweeping winus.
Thii d The banks of streams, ponds,
open ditches, etc., .should bo so planted
with trees tlint they will bo protected
from abrasion by floods and rapid cur
Fourth All publlo roads should bo
belted by graceful, stately trees.
Wo should preserve, improve ami ex
tend our existing forests by keeping up
constant succession oi young growing
trees of tho best varieties. To do this
it is necessary:
First to allow nostock torun in wood
lots for thu purpose of forago. This
should bo a rule inflexible and rolent-
Second Young growth In forests
should bo thinned moderately nnd judi
ciously, Worthless varieties should ho
cut out and tho valuable sorts should bo
trimmed up so that, they will grow tall,
forming trunk rutlior than branches.
Third Timber should be cut w itli In
telligent reference to futuro growth.
Valuable trees that you wish to propa
gate should bo cut In the spring. Those
that you wish to exterminate should be
cut in August.
Wliiil A1"mi I.liiill niiiiiui-u V
It lias not been many years sinco that
there was unite a furore about thu usu of
liquid manure as a fertilizer; nnd tills
.. ... .1 ... 1... .1...
was qillio scnsiuiy tuiiiuu iu uy uiu
statements mado of It by the celebrated
London farmer," Alderman Meehl,
who even went so far as to Invent an
apparatus to haul it in and sprinkle it
over his land. Wo all romember or
should remember how ho "went on"
about It. It was tho best way to apply
manure There wero tho crops; hero
wero tho figures. Thcro could bo no
doubt about It. It was no waste to ma
nuro to havo thu best of its mutter
washed out of it, if only the liquid wastu
could bo collected in tanks, and pumped
into lhiuld mnniiro-carts nnd hau
the ground; or ovon pumped back again
to tho manure-heap from which It had
beon washed and so on anil so on. J. ho
subject was taken up in this country,
and a great deal was written about it
and discussed at farmers' clubs, eto.
Few had any experience. They wroto
about it and recommended It simply bo
causo tho matter had been taken up so
resolutely in England and vouched for
by what was at tho time considered tho
highest authority. Ilut It turned out to
bo all fallaoious;ln tho first placo.bccauso
no good farmer, lu places whoro manuro
is valuable, cares to havo his manuro
washed in this way, but build n roof and
rovers It from rain: and in tho noxt placo
it doos not pay to build cisterns, invest
iu pumps, ami uuy uroau-wiicoioii cans
for tho sakoof distributing a few gallons
of liquid manuro. Water is heavy to
carry; and tho hauling of a gallon for
tho sake of tv tcaspoimfol pf nutritious
mutter, Is an absurdity few Amorlcan
farmers would bo guilty of J Hut It was
said thoro wero tho figures. So thoro
wcro as to actual products; but this is
not tho way to calculate farm profits.
That a piece of land watered with liquid
manure will yield moro than a piece ma
nured In thu regular way, may bo all
true enough; but If it cost trcblo for
double tho nrolit, It had better bo left
alone. In fact, thu liquid manure idea
ns an clement In profltablo farming
seems to liavo departed ncro. wo soi
dom seo tho old-tlmo articles now.
Even in England It seems to bo on Its
last legs. Tho wholo paraphrcnalla of
tanks, wntcr-carts, and so forth, says tho
London Agricultural Gazelle, aro tho
mro toys of farming; and so said wc,
long, long ago.
The rpiirtnicnt of Afrxlciilture.
It Is often said, In tho Interest of tho
farmer, that tho commissioner of agri
culture, rcprcscntlngso ovenvholmingly
Important an interest, should bo mado
a cabinet olllecr, and. so havo a position
of dignity and Influence commensurate
with the interest which ho represents.
This proposition seems reasonable at
first thought, and Is sustained by ante
cedents. Hut It would bo no reform.
On the contrary It would bo a move
ment In nrcciselv tho samo direction.
Tho remedy for tho present inadequate
representation of tho agricultural inter
ests In tho national government must be
looked for lu unite another direction.
Tho chief reason why tho commissioners
of ngricuituro, so inr, navo dono so llt
tlo for the agricultural interests Is cer
tnlnly that they knew too llttlo nbout
them, lhey navo uocn genucn.cn
farmers, or" non-farmers. Their ap
pointment has been due not to their es
pecial fitness for tho position but to their
relation to tho president or to somo hi-
llucntial men in thu existing national
administration. To mako thu commls
slonershlp a cabinet olllco would make
it a political and party gift, and would
still moro hinder tho selection of the
right man. The appointment would fall
to those who would help liio party in
power, not to those who would help the
fanners. Even If by good fortune a
skilled agriculturist werefound ho would
of necessity go out oi ins oiiico nt ine
end of tho four years with all the other
cabinet officers. A European minister
of ngricuituro generally holds during
tho lifo of the President; tlint Is, four
years or possibly elglit years. Wo
should thus have in the agricultural de
partment, as we now havo lu the navy,
the military, the treasury, and tho other
departments, a practical rotation in
oflicu, nnd, ns ono result, for tho head
of tho agricultural bureau a man who
probably would hardlyknownseed from
a root, and certainly would not know
the different varieties of seeds or their
adaptation to different soils and cli
What wc want in tho oflleo of tho
commissioner of ngricuituro is a man
qualified for thu duties of tho olllco by
education and training, as the director
of tho geological survey and the super
intendent ofthe const survey aro for
their respective works. These men do
not go out of olllco because a now pres
ident comes in. The principle of rota
tion is not applied to thorn; they arc ap
pointed Dccause ot their iccnnieai quai
illeations; those qualifications protect
them in their places and give them
perinancncc of tenure; mid their utility
and ollleleiicy would bo impaired and
not increased by making them cabinet
olllccrs. The commissioner of agricul
ture should lio placed In a similar posi
tion. Ho should bo appointed because
of his technical agricultural knowledge
and should hold his olllco as long as ho
does his work well, and thu emoluments
of tho oflleo should bo mado equal to
those of other analogous positions.
All this means considerably In
creased appropriation by congress. And
that means that men who will take an
Interest In such matters sh- uld bo scut
to congress by tho vote of the farmers
Instead of thosu who now compose the
majority oven on the committee of ngri
cuituro and who, tojudgobythelraetion,
consider tho agricultural interest as
about last In importance.
Tho lirst step, therefore, toward any
improvement in this department, and
thcro is no department in the govern
ment which moro needs Improvement,
must bo taken by tho farmers them
selves. President Garfield has told us
that more than half of tho population
of this country Is engaged in agricul
ture. If half of this half wcro to unit
edly demand In their several states and
districts attention from their congress
men to tho agricultural interests of tho
nation, and tho reorganization of tho
department of agriculture on some such
basis as wo havo Indicated above, the
first step toward tho reformation so
much needed, nnd so essential to tiio
nation's highest prosperity, would bo
taken; and ill sueli a matter tho second
step can never precede tho first.
How to Live in Summsr.
Komi and Health. , , ,
It is as yet a point of dispute whether
cotton stull's are tho best wear, many
approving of light woollens. For wo
niun, nothing is sweeter in Summer
than a linen dross; it is a pity wo do not
patronize linens moro for adults; for
children, cottons; for worklngnion,
worsteds. Tho heavy suits of men uro
weighing thorn down lu Summer, and
clothes of sorgo are far preferablo to
those of thick woolen cloth. Very thin
silk Is a cool wear. Tho heavily laden
skirts of women impede the free action
of movement much, and should bo sim
plified as much as possible for Summer.
So also tho headgear.
Infants, if at all delicate, should not
bo allowed to go with bare feet; it often
produces diarrnieii, and thoy should al
ways wear a flannel band round tho
stomaoh. Another important matter
is the changing of night and day linen
among thu poorer classes. It is terrlblo
to think that a workliigmnu should lio
down iu thu shirt in which ho lias per
spired all day at his hot work. Let
men accustom themselves to good
washes ovcry evening beforo thoy sit
down to thotr meals, and to changes at
night, that thoy may take up a dry
shirt, when going to their hard day's
Frequent changes of linen is abso
lutely necessary anyhow, a night and
day change. This change alone would
help to stay mortality among children,
if accompanied with otlior healthy
measures, such as sponging tho body
with a llttlo salt and water. Whore
tenements aro very closo, wot sheets
placed against walls will aid to revivify
i tho air and absorb bad vapor in rooms.
All children's hair should bo cut short;
boys' hair may bo cropped, and girls'
hair so arranged by nets or plaits that
air passes freely round the neck,
Light head coverings aro assontial in
Slimmer, for tho heail must bo kept
cool. Tho most serviceable dress is
that which allows air to pass freely
around your limbs and stops neither tho
evaporation of tho body nor tho circula
tion of thu refreshing atmosphere, lu
Suminor you must broatho freely and
lightly; you cannot do so with your
stomach full of undigested food, your
blood full of overheating alcohol, your
lungs full of vitiated tur, your smell
disgusted with nauscmu scents, your
system unablo to carry out tno natural
progress of digestion. All tho sanitary
arrangements in tho world will do no
good, if wo cat and drink in such a fash
ion tlint wo nro constantly putting on
fuel where It is not needed, nnd stuffing
up our botlllv draught, as wo would
that of a heating npplianco. Our igno
rance and our bad habits spoil tho bum
mer, that delightful season of tho year
Activity, rest nnd recreation aro
weighty matters In Influencing our
health In Summer. Wo nro not so well
Inclined foractlvlty, and yet nothing
will so much nsstst us as a healthy em
ployment of our energies, without over
exertion. Pity thoso who must exert
themselves to tho utmost In this torrid
weather, ami feci gratlllcd if you need
only moderately use your strength.
Activity keeps tho system going, tho
blood iu healthy circulation, tho diges
tive process frco from cosHvcness, tho
skin open for evaporation, and prevents
all clogging of the machine. If not
forced to. work in somo way or other, bo
active anyhow; occupy your mind and
exercise your limbs. Stagnation will
bring nbout lethargy and allow tho at
mosphere a greater influence upon you.
. On tho other hand, full rest Is ns nec
essary. Tho exhausted framo wants
moro recuperation, tho brain less strain,
the system moro gentle treatment.
Things look often dnrker In hot weath
er; heat weighs upon tho upper portion
of tho head, communicates itself to the
perceptive powers, nnd Influences tho
senses. Wc seo pictures before us, nnd
fancy wo have not tho power to combat
dilllcultles. It is Mild that more sui
cides arc committed in hot than cold
weather. A healthy sleep In this hot
season is worth a great ileal to us; try
to court it, and never plnv with your
lifo and health by wilfully neglecting
And what shall wc say of that pio
clotis, and, as yet, so llttlo understood
phase of life, our recreation? If there
Is one thing more than another to be
encouraged in Summer, it is reasonable
recreation; that exercise between body
and mind which brings about harmony
between both; that periodical abstain
ing from Incessant labor, which renders
us fresher for It; that intercourse with
beautiful .Mother Earth, which leads us
to value natural aspirations.
Never pass a day in Sumnicr without
somo calm half-hour for quiet and en
joyment; lifo has only so ninny years,
aiid during their space we should live,
not vegetate. The time will como when
sanitary measures and means for en
joying a higher phase of lifo will bo
thought of more than laying up things
Wo cannot icre enter upon the mean
ing of recreation iu a wider sense; but
It Is not recreation to rush out of town
and stop at somo placo to drink beer
and smoke all the time; It Is not recre
ation to push on in crowds for excite-
I ment out of doors; It Is not recreation to
overheat yourself anil feel moro fatigued
the day after than tho day before. For
recreation you want leisure, moderate
movement, happy thoughts, kindly
company, some pleasant talk, cheerful
music, refreshing food and drink, nnd
above all, a thankful heart that you aro
ablo to enjoy these; then no ono could
say that .such recreation would bo
against the highest religious rules of
living. Food, drink, dwelling, clothing,
activity, rest and recreation, all are
modilled by tho social circumstances
under which wo aro living.
A Beautiful Story.
Coleritlgo relates that Alexander, du
ring his march into Africa, camo to n
people dwelling in peaceful huts, who
knuw neither war or conquest. Gold
being oll'ered him, lie refused It, saying
that his solo object was to learn thu
manuors nnd customs of tho inhabitants.
"Stay with us," salt! the chief, "as long
as It pleaseth thee.'"
During this interview two of his sub
jects brought a caso before him for Judg
ment. The dispute was this: The one
had bought a pleco of ground which,
after the purchase, was found to con
tain a treasure, for which ho felt bound
to pav. The other refused to receive
anything, stating that ho had sold tho
ground with what it might bo found to
contain, apparent or concerned.
Said the chief, looking at one, "You
havo a son;" and to the other, "you
have a daughter; let them bo married,
nnd the treasure given them as a dow
ry." Alexander looked astonished.
"And what," said the chief, "would
havo been the decision in your coun
try?" "Wo would have dismissed tho par
ties and seized the treasure for tho
"And tloes tho sun shlno in your coun
try, tloes the rain fall there? Are there
any cattle there which feed upon herbs
anil greengrass?" asked tho eliiof.
"Certainly," Mild Alexander.
"Ah, "said tho chief, "It is for tho
sake of those innocent caltlo that the
great Helng purmits thu sun to shine,
tho rain to fall, and tho grass to grow In
. Graham Cakes Ono cup sugar; ono
cup milk (sour); one-half cup butter;
three and one-half cups flour; ono tea
spoon soihiiuio-hal fa nutmeg.
JlreadCak-cs, Take one quart of milk,
stir in enough bread crumbs to mako a
thin batior. Heat threo eggs well and
put them In, adding a little salt; ndd
two table spoonfiills of flour. Ilako on
the griddle and servo hot.
llCU U VIBli IH 1UUIU .1U11 X1M11 VllJ , Pa.C
IlaggugefCxpressago and Carriage lIlrc,niulstop
at tho Orund Union Hotel, nearly opposite
Grand Central Depot. DUO elegant rooms re
duced to $1 und upwards per day. Elevator.
Hcstaurant supplied with tholicst. HortoCars,
Stages and Klevated Kallroad to nil dejiots.
ltM ..I..!. .......
Wanthp. A good housekeopor, ono
strong, neat and willing to work. A
permanent position, nt good wages.
Address, H. W., 122 Printing Hlook,
Dos Mylncs, Iowa.
PILES! PILES PILES!
A tSuru Cui-o I'onmt nt I.iiNt. TSo
Ono Nevil HulUsr.
A sure cure for tho Uliml, Hleeding,
Itching and Ulcoratcd Piles has been
discovered by Dr. Williams' (un Indian
remedy,) called Dr. Williams' Indian
Ointment. A slnglo box has cured tho
worst chronic eases of 25 and 30 years
standing. No ono noed suffer fivo min
utes after applying this wondorful
soothing medicine. For salo by all
Druggists or mulled on receipt of price,
81.00 porbox. F. S. Hekkv & Co.,
Props,, Clovoland, Ohio.
"Davknpout Juno lbth 1881.
Chryso Corn Cure gives universal
satisfaction not a slnglo bottle having
boon returned out of tho groat number
sold. J. II. Hauvuson,
Propr. Hnrvuson's Pharmacy.
HUMLII I IUL piONUR Advertising1 Agency f3
lUi Vl ny hi hi., I UriMWttia, O, Krptwil H Ktwijiiptrt.
TUIO BIIFD ( on bl t aUiv edict, whtit
InlO rArtlt Uw.tmuiu&Uctuiiiit. z
ThU wfU.knnwn And thAftnivtilr rfflelrnt rtmpAr tar
dlitiiri or the ktp. nn tcqturta a wona-wiae repai
llondnrtDf Iht Mitriniynte?fr, toa u it
mirkible fact thttthU rrpnutlon has torn nulttlaf
tmplr bribe Merit ar Ilia Mcoirlaa It.elf b4
rxtme Isei insiinii rrpuiKiiun nunc
Mv hvltaA Merita ar (Ha Medlell
not bjr nr punnffor eitrnmr Mrrrtum. The m
thouundt who have used It will bear tntlmonj to tbt
(ruth of thliataltmeat. Manafacturtdonlrb JOUH
U. TJ1UM1 'HUH, BUnHCUI.. i my. new iorK.
PrlfreaH. Sold br il lifiirrli.
I And the Bsar Machinist Id the I
World (or I
BOftlNQ tad DRILLING WCLlt kjr
Irian r mi rwn
Book Flit. Addrtu
'LOOMIt NVMAN, TIFFIN, OHIO -
-f AGENTS WANTED FOB
Tor tint and cheapen lllmlrated edition of the He
riled New Testament. Mlllloniof people are walllnt;
for It. ltii not be decelrtdbr the Cheap John pobllih
en of Inferior editions Bee that the copr you buy
rontalm IflO line enKravlnm on tttel and wood,
Aurnli are coining moncj telling thla edition. Bend
Addreii!UTioA!.Pcnt-ttntxnCo., Chicago. III.
in EiTiiKii i.ionn oft nitv t'oun
That Acts ut tliutmmo time on
TUB L1VSR, TUB SOWSLS,
AND TUB SIDSBIS.
IWHY ARE WE SICK?
itiiiM aJlntn Mitii artat oraant to
Ittcomi dogged or 0171I1, miif polionouil
thumoriart mereon jorcta into im wra
I (hat $houIJlt uptneit uaiurauy.
WILL SURELY CURE
IPXLKH. CONSTIPATION, Cni.VAIlTL.
DUEARKH, FI.HAI.li H tAl.ai.il.",
AND NKItVOUS liIROIinEIIS,
thuftmltin fvti action of that craant'andl
--- ?: -. . 1
iriitoring thtlr )ir 10 wrote ojj anion.
I ...He.. 11111a.. h.Ih. ml aeliA.l
lnh tsrnmntcil with Pile. Contllpatlont
I Whr frightened or er disordered Klilnejill
I Uhr endure iierTOiia oriltk nraciacneii 1
.. 1 1. ... V.. , ..1.1.. In tin I
Iiw. in.. '!' 1 ..-- ? .a
cant onTactage of which inakci ill quarta of I
IllltHllCine. Alio 111 M,n.iwri ,r 1
trattd, for trni.ii that cannot readily prepare It I
. wit ..(. with eaual cRIclencr In either form. I
I oei 11 of yocu nncooisT. rnict; 1.00I
I w vr.i.u. itlCII AIinsON A Co.. Pron'i.
j (Will tend tho dry port-paid.) BCunoiOX, TT.
5 to 25 Horse-Power.
noOKIcvatorilntlioNorttiwcit. Write forclrcu-
U" 10 SKINNER & WOOD, Erie, Pa.
Dattlo Crook, lYllohlgan,
luauriOTtmrna or sub ovlt aurrana
Traction and Plain Engine
HoatOosipIcteThrukeiffMtorr 1 Establish
la tno M ono. li. .
1" A VK ADC oeohiyiiiliiV-A'
J'J IS AlfO ntu, wlUiout chinni ol DijrmL
ij,f. nianmreraent, or locaUon. fotoei 1
Iroud uarraniv (" on au mr oooa
flninrlrln HIrnlll Out at -"
! Trnrtinn Uiiariuea and Plain Hon
ever aoenlu U10 Amerliian njarget.
1'our die of Sertrator. from U to IS ham
carilY. lor ( or Air rwer.
vmtnllv fni hana. Iroir
mmnamlilo vt-work of our
Wvim.1, mart JiirnM. and lfirt mr
mmUTti, 10, 13 florae Power.
Circular aunt free. Addreea
NICHOLS, UHIPAHU a wn
1 wnicn la uuiu is a
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