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title: 'The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, December 09, 1881, Image 3',
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WRKRB UnALT, HIS DIMPLK MKT
Dr, J, O, Holland,
Orer the cradle the mother hung,
Softly cooing n slumber song,
it . it. . t . . .
Ana mewj were me Bimpia worus sno sung
Alt the evening long.
"Check or chin, or knuckle cr knee,
f Where hH the baby's dimple bol
- Where shall the angel's linger rest,
Whop ho comes down to the baby's ncstl
'Where shall the angel's touch rcmala
Vhcn he awakens my baby ngalnl"
Still as she bent and sang so low,
A murmur Into her muilc broke,
And sho panted to hear, for she could but know
Tho baby's angel tpoko I
Whoro shall the tiaby's dimple bet
WhcrohallimyJlngcr fall ahd rest,
When I como down to tho baby's ncstl
Vhcre shall ray finger's touch remain
When I wake your babo again!"
8llcnt tho mother rat and dwelt?
ft Long on tho sweet delay of choice,
And then by her babr's side she knelt,
E And sang wlth'ploasant voice!
'Not-on tho limb, O angel dear I
For tho charms with Its youth will disappear;
Not on the check shall the dimple be,
For the harboring smllo will fado and flee;
But touch thou tho chin with Impress deep,
And my baby the angel's seal shall keep."
, Tho Hunker's Clerk.
P Thoro is ft very amusing story toltl
of a bank prosldcnt who mod to havo
his clorks watohod by a dolcotlvoj after
office hours, so that ho could koop him.
aolf proporly posted as to nny fact that
might rondor any ono of thorn liable to
appropriate funds bolonglng to tho
bank. Ho had haulod up several of
"thn nlnrlftj nlimir. rlinlr Imtirnnnr
and oxlravagnnt expenditures, and
was, as tho storyUlgoos, stttlng .In
' his prlvato ofllco, waiting tho oppear
anco of tho now assistant rocolvlng tol
ler, Fordlnand Algornon Voro do Voro,
who had boon duly shadowed and ro-
u. iiutLi:u tin ut.t:.....u i . tit iiitiitn
"a 1 - . -
& Gchnzl's secret sorvIco.5f;TIio clerk
having ontTod tho3presIdont's goflice,
was accosted vMtli;
".Vm,,, r ninn "wlint'ta vnllt- a.lnn PI I
AUt.l. .Ul,., Illt.v.l J ..... .....ft .
"Nino hundrod, sir, and I can scarce
ly Hvo on that."
"No. I should guess not. Isupposo
you know I am a cautious man, and
now I will say that from inquiries made
touching jour hnblU ,1 havo been led to
form tho opinion that .you are spending
money altogether too fastfor tho trusted
cinployco of a wealthy bank. Now, do
not defend yourself. Let mo tell you
whero you wont last ovoning. You loft
this olllco at four p. in., and with tho
messenger walked into tho 'Pearl' ainf
drank brandy smash. You played bil
liards from thirty-sovon minutes past
lour to forty-two minutes past six p. m.,
and dined on Hluo Points and prairlo
f chickens and Imperial. You went to
see Almoo In opera boufl'o, went out
fiovoial times botwocn tho acts, and bc
foro tho piece was through you walked
down and lost $5.25 at kono. You said
keno was a foolish gamo, and you could
not sco any fun in it, after which you
drowned your sorrow in several julips,
and took tho thirty minutes past ono owl
car for your vocm on Notth Elovcnth
strcot. Now, I want to know If you
think that propor conduct for tho ser
vant of a bank like thlsP"
Now, tho other clerks, on arriving at
this point, had ono and all admitted tho
truth of tho detective's report, and, af
ter begging forglvonoss, had promised
immediate and substantial reform. But
this clerk was mado of different stuff,
"I don't think anything at all about
it. That report is a tissue of falsehoods
from beginning to end, and nsl happen
to know was if ado by Jim Muggins,
an cx-eonvlct and a son of a thief. If
you ever want to know how I spend my
evenings I shall bo pleased to inform
you, air, at nny anil all times, but now
that this matter of fidelity to tho cor
poration has como up, let mo read to
you, sir. my fpeoinl agent's report of
how you spent yestorday afternoon.
At two o'clook you met tho notary of
tho .bank and told him to send around
(tlio rebate on his commission for tho
your, and ho met you at tho Jim Crow
, saloon a llttlo later and gavo you 83GG.
16, for whleh you thankod him, and
told him tho clireetorswould not chango
their notary for tho present. Thon on
leaving tho bank you mot Bertram, tho
contractor for tho stono nnd brick work
of tho now bank building, and ho
handed you a parcol and said 'hero's
your whack of t i divvy,' at which you
smilod and lnvr! iilm to drink. Ho
doollnod. At s
wifo that tht
ip. m. you told your
'is a mooting of
Itho Lindcll that
hid not bo lion-"
till mitt. .In'
Wnml of frr"
.. tji. w
a honr"'' Ji'al-
" ' ' , Lour wifo
' .ft glvon it to
and had to ring
had dropped your
carpot. You woro
to night by burglars,
jad glvon tho koy to
'dillo thoy took noth-1
ing oi vaiuo, Dooauso your uog warc
them off, you woro so angry you com'
plalnod to tho Chief ot Follco that tho
pollooman on your boat was of no ac
count, whereas you woro yourself to
blamo. And thon ."
"That will doj" said tho prosldont.
"I soo you aro a smart youug man. It
is not nocossary to discuss theso trivial
mattors. By tho way, what did you
say your salary watf "
f Nino huudrod, sir."
"Woll, it will bo $1,500 af tor this, nnd
to wim. Lorn
ril make you cashier as oon as old
Kreiter goes on his nnxt drunk."
'Thank you, sir."
"Oh, that's nothing to bo thankful
fo. Just go along and attend to your1
work, and I'll tako caro of you. And,
by tho by, you needn't say anything to
tho othor oloik) nbdut my foolishncs
with that widow."
And tho clerk sailod out.
What A Short Corn Crop Means.
Mr. G. K. Mnrslon whoso letters
over tho signature of "Iroquois" wcro
widely read in The Tribune n few years
ago, sends tho following in rcsponso to
a request for his viows with regard to
Whilo reading tho crop reports in
your issuo of to-day (tho 19th)Ibccamo
moro impressed with tho seriousness of
our crop conditions than over before
How fow thcro aro who understand
what sixty por cent of a crop means in
this great country.
Somo years ago my attention was
directed to crop statistics to some
extent, and from personal oxperinct
and observation I arrived at tho follow
ing conclusions as to whero our corn
For tho ordinary requirements of tho
farm and family at least -10 per cent of
tho crop is consumed. I mean to feed
work stock, cows, pigs, chiokons, cot.,
for tho farmers own uso. Wo havo
oxportcd about 10 por cent of tho crop
for tho past pix years. I don't boliovo
tho official reports as to aggrcgato
products; don't boliovo this country
over produced 1,500,000,000 bushels of
corn in any ono year: but I tako
percentage a9 a basis: With 00 per
cent for export and consumption in
producing wo havo fifty pur cent to sell
m various forms. Probably 20 per
cent moro of tho crop is exported from
the tarm to other localities in our own
country in its natural stato that is,
eorn shipped to other localities for
homo consumption and tho othor .'JO
per cent goes into stock, pork, bcof,and
horseflesh that the fanner sells. I am
thus led to tho conclusion that at least
GO por cent of a good crop is actually
nccucu oy our own pcopio without
fattening a single hog or beef at home.
According to the ollicial reports tho
nvcraco oi our eorn lor tno past six
years" is about 1, -100,000,000 bushels
per annum, and all wo havo of surplus
from these six big crops is 25,000,000
in sight, and n few million iu cribs in
Iowa. It would seem trom this that
our average annual cqnsumption is
1,200,000,000 per nnnum.or 100,000,-
000 per month or 25,000,000 per week,
about !),500,000 por day, and this
immense amount, 25,000,000 in sight
and tho fow millions in cribs,is barely
ton days supply tor our own country.
If The Tribune estimate is corrcct,that
wo havo only sixty per cent of a crop,wo
havo barely enough for ordinary wants
without feeding a single animal for
market, or barely nino months' supply
if wo feed our usual amount of stook.
Now, how shall wo pieco out? Wiso
ones tell us: Oh! wo aro very wasteful.
Our tanners aro slovenly, anil waste
morj than they feed; and if corn is
senrco they will savo it, and will havo a
much larger per cent to sell than if
crops wcro largo. I deny this assertion
that the tanner is so vory wastetul.
He feeds corn because it tho cheapest
feed cheapest when its valuo is
estimated by tho cheapest standard
labor. It requires less days' work to
produce corn for food than other kinds
of stock food, but thoro is littlo wasted.
Now, when corn is plenty and othor
food scarco, corn is fed lavishly. When
corn is scarco and other food plenty, a
largor per cent of tho corn is saved for
market. Moro rough food is used.
But what can bo substituted this year
to supplement tho shortago?
In years of plenty tho stalks of corn
supply a largo amount of food for
cattlo,but this year tho fodder is about
worthless. Pastures aro so doad that
not much help can be obtained from
that source, and tho hay crop is as
short ns tho corn crop.
Farmers may feed loss stook,but that
will cut off our food supply in that
direction. Viow it from any stand
point you pleaso and it is very difficult,
if not utterly impossible, to see how
tho country will get along with -100,-000,000
to 500,000000 busholsV -ss of
1 1, ,,. ' t
uuill mull u iiutu uuuu uuuunium. j
With no moro wheat thanv
absolutely need, a short hay crop"
pastures, corn fodder nearly worth!',
vegetable crop ditto, is it not barV .n
possible that wo can bo short of fcod to
"go around" till tho now orop is pro- l
With an annual crop of 1,300 ta'P""?0 rousAto .8 oar tho hivo without
1,500 million bushels of corn-bcar7smok1: And wo still had another luve
!:., l,t ,nn i,,i ,, ,.,.
i.. l i '.l i.. i i
t'- d'vory year, by tho time tho now
. II' . ... .
p began to movo, tho old was
particularly exhausted, until last fall
thcro waa pr""ly 100,000,000 of old
oom in tho corn bolt when tho now
' i .i ' . cron Iv" ".Or uso, and vet this
r:w0,H,rptus of six of tho'largest
Lena, lly. (.rjffops ovor produced a surplus 4- ')f
Ann mmifli'a aiir1ir A1tsmil
tho now crop is being drawn upon anjl
boforo tho usual timo for commencing
to feed their corn, thoro will havo borp
...... i i n i
mum iiummiv vuunuiuuu inuu uu i,
savings of theso six full crops, tM
actually reduoing tho supply forji
coming year to that oxtcnjLrtjtir"
It is easy , ' .riT somo Cttlo
food when 'Juucono kind is scarco an
5i ti, :., i,.,.,.i,. i, ,i.t
wo substitute for corn,hay,a!idpotatooalpn t.u,a )00i
nrii. . ,!. ,i L sinoko. In mi
With no moro whoat and oats thf 7
would bo actually noodod if wo li I
plonty oi ovory other Mand ot lood,
whoro shall wo look for tho substitute
for tho groat staplo of our country?
I woll romombor a year whon this
question was brought homo to us in a
vory foroiblo mannor in 1803 tho
yoar of tho great August frost. Tho
crop was out short loss than 20 por
cont, Corn sold in Chicago at 2 cents
por bushol higher than wheat. I
remember wheat was quoted at $1.80
and corn $1.82 tho samo day, and a
doalcr tolls mo ho sold corn in Peoria
that year at $1.50 per bushol.
Iu viow of theso facts, what is tho
outlook for us this season? If tho
reports aro onywhero correct tho crop
in tho aggrcgato is littlo if any larger
than that of 'U.I whilo tho requirements
of tho cduntry aro vastly greater. I
can sco no reason why corn should not
do worth 91.0U por bushel or more
beforo another fall from legitimate
law of supply and demand.
It becomes farmers ovcrywhoro to
husband their food resources. I havo
oui up my corn to savo tho foddor and
sowed ryo for winter pasture If wo
havo favorablo rains it will produce a
largo amount ot tood tor my stock.
Thoro must bo much actual sulTcrinc
To mo a 00 nor cent cron is stronclv
suggestivo of famino in tho localities
whero drouth is worst.
Profits of Poultry.
On January 1, 1881, 1 had 210 hens,
from ono to thrco years old, and fifty
cocks. I had nino variotics, ns fol
lows: Blaok, Buff, and Partridgo Cocl
ins, Light and Dark Brahmas, Brown
and Whito Leghorns, Plymouth Books,
and Silver Spangled Hamburgs. These
fowls up to this date, October 22, 1831,
havo laid, and I havo marketed, 22,000
eggs, and thoy aro still laying, although
thoy aro in tho hight of their annual
I havo received in cash for thci
eggs over $1,1100, and raised over 200
chickens. I havo paid out for feed,
$180, and paid a boy for taking caro of
them and raising tho chickens, f U, ($
per month). It is true, I sold a good
many eggs lor hatching, at trom 50
cents to $2 per sitting of 18, and tho
balanco wcro sold at from 18 to !15
cents per dozen.
I havo had very littlo troublo iu
breaking up sitting hens, and have kept
them laying most ot tno tunc. It
scorns as though my fowls took delight
in trying to sco which could Jay tho
most eggs during tho year. Perhaps
my fowls aro different from othor peo
ple's, for instead of laying and growing
poor, they lay and grow fat, as my fowls
aro now fat enough for market and go
ng through their moult splcmdly. It
pays to locu well and tako the very
best of caro of them. My fowls wcro
iopt on two acres of ground, and I do
not think thoy would havo done better
thoy had had as much again.
I havo lost no fowls from disease (as
I guard against that), and I havo come
to tho conclusion it is just as easy to
keep fowls in largo quantities iu health
as to keep a dozen. My account up to
dato is as follows:
ItulKt'd !!3 chicks ut 53c. . . .
'cod fortcn month SlfrVX)
Itoy foi tun mouths at 70.0O $J5.ffO
I keep an or.act account of eggs laid
ovcrv day in tho year by each variety
and by each pen, and at a glunco at my
egg record card at tho end of tho year,
I can always toll winch aro tho best
layers. In making up this statement I
havo given it in round numbers, well
knowing it is short of actual facts by
over S100. For instance, I put iu the
chicks at $112.50, whereas I would not
sell the lot for $300. A'. 11. Mitchel,
in Ohio Farmer.
Handling Bees Without Smoke.
i. correspondent of Gleanings, a
beo-kcopers journal, published at
Medina, Ohio, recommends handling
bees without smoke. Ho is certainly
at liberty do this preposterous thing if
ho profers that' wayj but if wo woro
keeping bees wo should uso smoke
most certainly. Thcro is a great dif-
terenco m tno temper ot uccs.howevor,
and onco in n whilo you will find a
colony that boats ovorything in tho way
of kindness and good nature. Wo onco
had such a colony. Thoy wcro so - cry,
good-n?ured that wo handled them
freely - t smoko. Wo used to
take ' n by tho handful and pour
thoi iii' open hand of a neighbor's
litt vcar-old girl, and such a
tli' 'ross bcofroni that hivo was
n ,n. There wore fino Italians
. 'jbcautiful gold-cn'orcd boos. Tho
t year tho bees in that hivo wcro as
and ugly as Satan is supposed to
Probably tho queen wnich bred
j good-natured insects had died and
n superseded by ono wluoh had been
rtilized by a hybrid or black drono.
t all ovonts tho days of their amiabil-
v was over, and it was absolutely
near tho hivo without
miuvu uiiiuh irets miiuu nuiu una
,noratolv cross and vicious
VtniimWnlv (inftrlnnd thnm hut nnnn
nd thon with a most liboral doso of
riiioroionn. xnoy cot so much ot it
iJany of thorn never woko up. That
Mas boforo tho days of our patent and
4'uprovcd boo-smokors, but on many
occasions wo aro compelled to "git up
and git," leaving tlioni completely
tasters of tho Hold, in spito of all tho
nioko wo woro able to get up with
bs, rags and rotten wood. If ono is
rtunato to own bees liko theso men-
one'd first, it is a dolight to handlo
em without smoko, and to treat them
.i all tho kindlcss ono is mastor ot;
aro thoroughly convinoed that
5 crcat maioritv of colonios
ni) tjjjfe'is and always will bo a necessity..
JBut any man with "altruistic" notions
MLC il.J ' ..LI..1 II ...ill J.
most eases ho will como
out a wiser but a sadder man. Charles
Aldrieh in Chicago Herald.
An old man was fishing ono Sunday
morning, just boforo ohuroh timo, whon
tho ourato saw him, andinqulrcdin dul
cot tones: "My man, don't you hoar
thoso hcavonly ohlmosP" "EhP"
"Don't you hoar thoso hcavonly chimes
calling youl" "Bog pnrdon, flrj but I
roally can't hoar what you say for thoso
The Rftnf of the nifTerimt IjniminRet .
Professor Aloxandor Hogg, in an ad
dress at Marshall University. Toxns,
ilujtratod tho oxtont to which tho Knc-
llsh language has spread, by roforrlng
to tho timo when Mary Dcntrico, of Mo
dena, about to marry tho Dukoof York,
afterward King James If, did not know
whoro Lnglan l was; thon to ono hun
drod yoars ago, when French was spokon
by twlco ns many natlvo Frenchmen as
thoro woro Engllsh-spcnking peoplo
whilo German was tho languago of nt
least an equal number, and Spanish had
a wider geographical rango than oithor
Gorman, Fronoh or English; nnd, com
paring thoso porlods with tho present,
whon English Is tho languago of ono
hundred million pcoslo, .mil bids fair,
boforo another hundred year., to bu that
of ton times as many.
Tho "llnil Lnmli."
OcnnantoM n TcIoRMfli,
Ever sinco Dakota and Nebraska have
been explored to tho extent of giving us
somo fair idea of tho charaetor of tho
no'cd "Bad Lands," that section hos
croatod an increased interest from year
to yenr. Ihcso rands nro situated be
tweon tho North Fork of tho Platto and
tho Sourth Fork of tho Choyonno rivors,
Tho traot Is an arid, trot less region, cov
orod with rocks, columns, pyramids,
nnd contains manyfossll remains of tho
rhlnocoros nnd othor largo nniraals. It
can hardly bodoscrlbod, and Itcnn nov
or bo tho homo of human boings, as tho
soil what thoro is of it can never, un
dor any circumstances, yield a support
to nny living thing of tho carnivorous
raco. A recont oxploror through thb
region says, that though ono may road
volumes of description of this marvelous
country, ho can lorm no conception of
what tho Bad Lands nro really liko.
Ho says, "Genoral Sully's dosctlptlon
of thorn will boar repetition hero, for it
is multum in parvc. no tersely charac
terized thorn as 'Hell with tho fire out.'
Somo idea of tho cxponso of building a
railroad through this country, and along
thoso winding streams, may bo dorivotl
from tho fact that thcro aro -173 bridges
on tho Missouri division, which is only
221 miles long." And as to trade litis
rogiou can contrllmto nothing.
Tln lliirdlo Air Motor.
A trial wns mado on tho Second
Avenuo Elevated Railroad, Now York,
of a now air locomotivo on tho 2;)d and
again on tho 28th of October, with en
tiro satisfaction to tho Pneumatic Tram
way Engin-j Company, who own tho
machine. In this locomotivo nir at a
high tension is stored in tanks nnd dis
tributed to tho motive cylinders through
a reducing valuo and then thr.mgh hot
wator, according to tho old and woll-
tnown plan, for tho pnrposo of heating
it, to counteract tho refrigerating ed'oct
of tho expansion of tho air, and also to
provide moisture as iv lubricant for tho
pi tons. Tho locomotivo wns built by
tho Baldwin Locomotivo Works of tills
ily, and is tho invention of Mr. Robert
Hnrdlo, of Ldinburg, Scotland. Tho
oditor of tho Scientific American says of
it: "On tho 2Cth of October wo had
tho pleasuro of a rido on this admirablo
ongino, nnd wo testify to tho porfcot
manner in which it fulfils its mission as
a noiseless, odorless, smokoless and per
fectly controllablo motor. It will cover
tho full length of Second nvonuc, from
127th street to tho battery, with four
loaded cars, nt a higher rato of speed
than, tho schedulo calls for, with n
slnglo chargo of air, and thon tho re
charging is dono in as shoit a timo ns
is needed to chango horses on a surfaco
Eight or ton years ago, a report oamo
from E linlmrgh, Scotland, that slvttck
our leading millors and manufacturers
of Hour "all on tv hoap." Tho griud
l,igof whoat with stones In tho common
way was to bo entirely thrown nsldc,
and :. now process, invented and put
Into operation in mills at Kdinburg,
must bocomo uulvorsal, on account of
its overwhelming advantages. It was
prosontod with such forco and ondorsed
with so muoh conddonco that wo really
thought thcro was not meroly something
but a great deal in It; yot, at tho samo
timo wo suggostod that beforo much
money was spent In its introduction
horo, ovory ono should bocomo thor
oughly posted In Its advantages, and
this could bo accomplished only by send
ing a porfectly compotont export ns an
agent to Investigate.
Tho substituto for tho stones was a
series of iron bars moving in oppo.slto
directions, which aro struck by tho
whoat while projected through tho air,
and whloh reduces tho wheat so qulokly
to a stato roiuly for bolting, that no In
jurious boat Is causod, and thoroforo tho
Hour Is Miporlor to tlu ordinary tirUelo
and cheapor. Tho first mill In which
tho invention wns used, it was said,
"raroly needs repairs, reipiiros fewor
men, Is frco from loss, ocoupics less
sp.vo and demands less driving powor,
bvsidos producing u superior nrtielo."
And now, wo ropoat that, after tho
lapso ot somo eight or ton years, not
withstanding all tho confidenco assura--ed
and tho guarantees ofl'orcd, tho pat
entee nnd millors of Scotland nro as si
lent about their "Substitute for Mill
stones" as if it novorhad oxistenoo. But
whntovor hns boon its fa'to, wo should
liko to havo somo Information about it.
In any ovont how well it Is to bo cau
tious iu tho investment of monoy In any
now nnd costly contrivnnoos without
first being eomplotoly sntlsfiod of their
Tho CliomUtry of l'liint Growth,
That in tho growth of ovory plant
cortain flxod ohomlcalfaots nro Involved
Is a unlvorsally accoptod truth. Tho
direct mannor in which thoso lnws as
sert themselves, and boar upon tho
praotlco of suceoisful culturo, it is my
purposo to call your attontlon.
Plant growth begins with tho germl-
nation of tho seed, nndfrom this norlod
of its oxlstonco it will bo noconsary to
traco tho plantfor horo It first makes
tno acquaintance of natural law, first
becomes subject to chemical notion, by
which it assimilates food, malntabis
life, and lays on tho growth which Is
to mlnlstor to human neeo3!ily or do
Biro. jcioro 1110 innnimato socd can
bocomo a living organism, it must bo
if.i .....1. . .
Buppnun wr.li water, ncnt, nnu oxygon
or air. Tho action of heat and water
seem to bo more physical thin eheml-
cal, Eoftonlnir, swolllnjr. nnd onnbllnc?
tho germ to burst its prison walls, gain
access to tho so and coinmenco iLs
growth. Animation now occurs, the
oxygen of tho air Is absorbed, tho
starch of (ho seed Is decomposed into
clucoso. fermentation sets In. nlni.lml
glucoso, fermentation sets In, alcohol
uuu u.liuuniu uiu UYOIYUII, xno
n.t.l nnJ.Ht.1.1 nnl.1 it .tn 1 I .1
carbon nnd hydrogen of tho seed unite
with oxygon of tho air, forming soluble
saccharines which constltutn tlm iirai
food of tho young plant, enabling it to
grow both upwards and downwards bo
foro it can oithor asslmllnto tho organic
food of tho ntniosphora or tho Inorganic
elements of tho soil.
From tills timo onwords tho lifoof tho
young plant becomes ono vast sorloj of
chomlcnl changes nnd transformations,
No sooner Is tho first tondor rootlet
formed than It begins to oxtract nour-
isnmom ironi 1110 msoinnio elements of
tho soil, rondorod soluble through tho
action of wntor and carbonic noid. No
sooner docs tho first proon leaf mako
Its appoaraneo above tho surfaco of the
ground than begins that chemical pro
cess wnicn cnauies tno plant to ex
tract moro than !) por cent of its drv
weight from tho atmosphere. Now oc-
curs that wonderful chemical notion by
...... ., , , f
which plant growth Is rendered posI
bio; that maivolous provision of nature.
without which thoro fould bo neither
animal or vegetable oxlstonco. Tho
arbonio aoid of tho air is absorbed by
tho leaves, decomposed by tho action
of thu sunlight, tho oxygen thrown oil',
whilo tho carbon unitin,'' with tho by
lrogen of tho water In tho sap of tho
plant, forms carbo-hydrogon, which
constitutes tho germ, .starch, sugar and
woody fiht'o of tho now tissue In
this manner is all growth laid on, be
ing deposited from tho sap iu its down
ward passngo from tho leaves when the
hemicnl transformation occurred.
l.cai auer icai, nni upon niisr, urnncii
succeeding branch, till tho perfect ma.
turo plant, with all its beauty of colors
ind folingo, and symmetry of form,
si niuls over tho spot whero tho sintjle
seed found resting place.
Wo havo now taken rt rapid and
cursory glanco at tho chemical history
of tho plants with which, as farmers
wo havo to deal, yet tho real transform-
atlous occurring can only bo alluded to,
whilo tho mannor iu which thoy nro ac
complished must bo wholly ivglecled.
Ilowovcr, should the allusions made,
servo only the purposo of interesting
farmers In tho phenomena constantly
dovo'oped by tho processes of their
calling, tho profession itself can hardly
fall of boing bennlitod.
Tho Now York Tribune says that
tho wealth of tho country is gradually
setting in tho West. It says: "Whilo
"tho banks of this city havo been pay.
"ing out money for tho uso of tho
"West almost without cessation sinco
ti.n 1,.,,,1-u f , w.,t....
uu wtttu ua uviiiv 1 1 ViifcVI II
"cities havo been greatly strengthening
ineir reserves, ixonong ngo,wucn nn
olliccr ol n Ulucago bank had visited
this city to buy a lartro amount of
"United states bonds, ho had asked
"why monoy sent to tho West carlv
"in tho fall did not return to this city,
"as it uscd to do, and replied; 'Wo aro
'"getting rich nt tho est, and shall
" 'presently bo ablo to lend Wall Strcot
"'monoy whenovor it gots into
" 'troublo." ' '
" , " ., .
American uooa nature.
wt . . . y . I
In clinking glasses bctwoon Ropubll-
..-, 1 1., ,...,! .... I.. 1 ...! I
,13 ..mi uuiUu,, u. in oamuruig
botwoon mombors of tho samo partios,
who don't drink from glassos, tho usual
good-humorod cantor is heard, woll,
you scooped us; but It Is we'll pick our
Hint and try I', again.
It Is this spirit of prompt acnulos-
conco in tho will of tho pooplo that as
sures tho permanonoy of tho institutions
of tho land. A fair ballot and a ready
aud quiet submission to the result is
what has novor boon wltnossod on so
grnnd n scale In any nation on this plan-
et prior to tho riso of tho United States.
A littlo girl in llelfast, Mo., recontly
dropi od her doll mid brako Its arm.
Tho doll was a favorito 0110, and tho
nocidont was to the ohlld a calamity of
tho severest natuio. Tho tears started,
tho llttlo lips woro trembling with grief,
when n bright thought struck hor. With
a boumii'g fnco sho oxolalmod, "Papa,
I don't know as I oaro aftor all. Per
haps It will bo put in tho paporl"
"Now," said tho toaohor of n prl-
niary class to ono of his pupils, to whom
ho was trying to impart a knowledge of
division, but with llttlo succoss, "If you
had a pio, and I should ask you for n
quarter of it, and you should givo mo
what I wantod, how muoh would you
havo loftP" "1 wouldn't havo anyjjftl"
qulokly responded tho llttlo girl.
A western papor publishes births,
marriages and deaths undor tho samo
It would tako loss typo to say: "Bred,
REPORT ON BE iS 1881.
I'rom tho Western Stock Journal, Dec., 1881.1
1. I began tho season with thirty
colonics which had survived tho
fearful winter, but woro by no moans
stro"fJ- Most of theso wcro Italians,
I having queens grown tho previous ycor
from n imported mothor bought
1. Ml, hivn I, M,n Rin,.,lini4 All
. ..j . u....,.,.v.v,.
hives nro oxaotly alike. Hives aro
mado that ono can bo set on top of
nnoinor, so ns to mako a luvo two or
o torie high. My frame is tho
nlt... :..-!.. i r ii. !...i.
j.viiui:ii mm unu-iuurui jntii-
3. llolioving that it would bo more
nrnfitntiln in rntsn linn a flirtti tn trrtt aitr.
p113 h0110y this year, I planned tho
i ..., ' i. . i
f CMn " T" 'T ?
anV s0. muc'1 ,10,l0' ns couId bo sccur-
cd whilo making a largo increase of
cu wuU0 111!King a largo
' I" order to sccttro straight work-
or combs, and to save the timo and
i... i ; i.s....
iiuiiu) uuucuiiiuu u uiu uuun in iiiiiMiiK
,vas. l uscd comb foumin,i0n for all mv
w coiuns. nearly nvo nuuurcu pounus
of foundation wcro uscd.
i. i..... i i ... i i
ft. An attempt was made to prevent
.11 ....1 1 !.... T .... ..
.in iiiuiir.ii MiuiiiiiiK iv.ia nui en-
")' successful, for thrco swarms is
sued, ono of which loft for parts uu
known. In making my increase I
practiced tho nucleus svstemof swarm-
0. It was my purposo to increase
my swarms in such a way ns to havo
them about doubled soon aftor whito
clover should open; then, if possible
keep them nt work without any attempt
at further incrcaso of colonics until af
ter linn and whito clover were gone;
then again to double tho number and
.... ,ir. I!.-.
get all iu as good condition as possible
to gather tho tall harvest. I was
ablo to do a littlo better than I had
i. JJccauio it seemed easier, when
l was working for increase of swarms,
to get my surplus in tho shape of ex.
comb honey, but
trading for my surplus
This year "winter lingered long
tho lap of spring." Great snow
li-ml-n worn mi mv 1-iwii until Auril 10
nanus vuo on mj i.iwn unui April iu.
Anril 1.) tho boos, which for more than
live months had boon in tho cellar, woro
. i -i 1- .1 i i i
set out. April 1 ( they began to bring
in pollen. At a single bound tho weath-
or passed from winter to summer. The
ast half of April and all of May the
weather was warm and clear. Thoro
... i , , ,i i
was naruiy a day on wnicn uw occs
could not flv. Tho spring bloom was
nrofusc. Willows, elms, maples, cot-
ton-woods, box-elders, cherries, apples,
raspberries opened in rapid succession,
and gavo sulhcicnt nonoy nnu po on to
keep up brood-rearing and to allow a
littlo to bo stored. Hoiioy from rasp
berries had ceased but a short timo be
fore the earliest whito clover was open.
Poon tho fields were covered with its
starry carpot of green and whito, but it
yielded honov onlv moderately. At no
timo during tho season did it yield so
larcolv as is sometimes reported. Linn
avo an abundnnco ol bloom nnu it
soomcd to yield honey, but sovcral
rainy and windy days kept tho boos in
tho hives, and washed tno nonoy trom
tho bloom. Tt yielded but a modorato
surplus. White clover continued to
yield in small quantities after linn was
gone, tho season seeming to bo prolong
ed by copious rains. After tho middlo
of July tho weather becamo dry, but
tho ground was so saturated that tho
clover continued in
bloom lor some
it rPlin. mnn a (J ni'nrn nllfl
nn,,.contiimi!(. yorv Httlo rain fell
for s,x Weoks. I had cxpccteil that
thoro would bo scnrcolyony tall bloom,
nnd no fall honey worth mentioning,
Hut the rovorso was tho case. Wo had
a heavy flood in tho Iowa river about
July 12. Tho water swopt everything
boforo it. Tho bottom lands woro
cleaned of all crops and weeds, 'ilion
heartscaso grow up in great profusion.
Thoro woro many acres of it. It began
to vield soon after white clover ceased.
Tho flow from it was not vory copious,
,,t ,V m. o4nn,l,. T,Vat l.nl,l AfFfn;
UIIV V 1 4HJ HVLUMJI A W U V.J . W V l It. V
. ,. ,, 1" ty, on,l
Anrin ,!, n,i,i,i mnti, 4i, ,inv worn
- O " I-
mostly clear and warm.
9. From tho thirty colonios I in-
creased to ono hundred and forty. I
took two thousand and fivo hundred
pounds of honoy, nearly all oxtraotcd.
Tho honoy is soiling nt 10 cents a
pound. Tho crop is worth .T75; Tho
bees nro worth $8 a colony, making tho
ono hundred nnd ten colonios of in
crcaso worth $880. Total $1255. My
osponsos for hives, frames, foundation,
paint, labor nnd sundries wcro $305,
irivinir a not citin of $950. Mv bcos in
tlio spring wcro worth $10 a colony, or
$300 for tho thirty colonics. Tho gain
has thoroforo been 31(5 per coat. Hut
the wintor is yot to como, nnd it is
quito possiblo that it may bring diro
disaster to my "Blessed Ikes,". In tho
spring 1 wiUroport my method ot wm
its success or failuro,-
CYnfe, Jiwn City, Iowa.
llhickblrils Cntrhlug Fish.
:V mill-dam is in process of repair
near my rcsidcnco, on lioono river.
Visiting tho spot to-day, I was muoh
amused to sco somo wow blackbirds
catching minnows! At ono end of tho
dam tho wator was forcing its way
through in a small stream which ran
,,,. croafc rani,iIlv .fro. k)in ,losceilL ns
woll as from tho prossuro abovo. This
littlo stream spreadjout over somo looso
bouldors iu a sort of fan-shapo, boing
gonorally not moro than ono inch dcop
Up 1,13 steep plnco myriads of minnows,
tw0 to "no '"ohes ' length, woro try.
ing to forco thoir way. Many of thorn
.... 4l.nu ......1. I nn.l nil l.tlln.. .1..
to mako no ollbrt for f..V r,em"'.!lurc SH.'1.; ?Afi: as. Kll(-Tt.
, , .. , i '-'. iney fuiiin unrivaucii in
iicnonu c u civ o ex- rtmov n
wcro unablo to stem tho ourront and
wcro swept down tho steam In this
swiff, shallow water, thrco or four croir
blabkbirbs,(doubtless Quitcalui aencus
Bldgway) woro wading about, keen and
alort, ovory moment or two pioklng up
and swallowing n minnow. Thoy ap-
of peered to understand their business to
pcncction anu mado no mistakes
SCOmiHg to get 0110 of UlO llttlo fisIlCS
i , .! .. . .
so imvo often seen these l.ir.l .! nn. ;
tho shallow wator alonir tho man?in nf
Ill 1 l. ..I .y ...... . .
,l"u o'1-;'"")""'' " is mo nrsi instanco
Z ,w" ; " i' ?'!!1V "ro 'I8U;
"J lumu, inaMiig iiiuiuseircs
entirely "at homo' in our barnyards
and fields. Tho grovcn along our littlo
"vcr nro their favorito ncstinir-placcs.
I'liero used to bo somo comnlaint in
s ? t,,oir Wj pon corn flclda
J,lst n! tho young blades wero n eotiplo
n;,C,,,C? Whnt 1 ,,avo,,carJ ,,ot,,'"S
", '; "!" icccui yoars.ovifiYc
isSI "' "mCl" iv'l"""'' 0c'
I T F f.
UltrSC-rtlll Itll III JtlCI
rtitlmh in Dic.le. llnr.n-
radish will prevent pickles from mould-
littlo rouml slices a pieco
of horse-radish root as larcc as vout
i , , , ,
,!!?.d -t..'VI ..lo"H d. throw
thcUl into a two.tr:lllmi l.ir nP awnnt
... . . . o . "
pickles just ucloro sotting it away,and
you will find them all light when you
K "se to get a .lishful for tho
f lve courses
of brick will lay ono
on a cninmev. Nino
foot in hciiiuc
bricks in a course will mako a fluo
eight inches wido and twenty inches
iuhk, uuu eiKiu oncKs in a course win
make a Hue eicht inches wide and nix.
tcc" mclios long.
Uncle Bam'a Nerve ami linn- l.lnlmont (
most elllcicnt In KlicutnntlKin, Brukw, Burns.
I Scratches ana many otbor Ills Incident to man
ami beast. Bold liy all Drucclsts.
Save vour harness by oiling It with Uncla
Sntn's Harness Oil, which wlUkecp it soft and
pllahlc. This Is tho Iwst oil ever mado for
leather. Bold hv all Harness Makers.
Dr. J aqucs uerinan Worm Cukes arc a n effec-
lVal aml.8?f? remedy for worms. They
pleasant to takcnndtiotonlydcstroythcwo
Hit rcmovo all traces of them from (ho .t-.t
leuvlne llio child hcalthv andstrnne. Tl.ii- arm
warranted to rIvo lerfcct satisfaction. Bold by
Uncle Sam's Condition l'owder urivent ill-
( ne, purltlrs the blood. Immmrn tln imr.nt
plves a snunHh L'lossy coat, and keeps the ani
mal In good condition. All Druiarlst sell It.
tor Hwdnehe, (,'onstli)tlon. Liver Comnlaint
LT UlIC. lonllli? tllll Rtimnith titi.t trtn-
?. wincl.ell' Tecthlmr Svrun nM r.
1 1;;.. !...-
nc he.ilttiv uctlon to tho IIvit. Snl.l .n n
'.illcd to give Immcdlato relief when uM In
c-,p's."' '7"imer coiin.iaint, Cliolcra-Inrantum
or .,.UI19 ltl lllu 8tonl!l(.. jt,,tiiCr9 ,Vhcn your
llttlo darllmrs are sulTerlm? from tlicsn nr iiin.
IvSKW 11 . M.a
jou win surely bu pleased with the charm ne
effect, lie sure to buy Dr. Wlncliell's Teething
grP- SoM byU ""'t'Slsts, only as CU per
T,'' , ,,-.. ..-m,-.,, .
tract of Tar nnd YVildTcherrv Is a staiidani
"'.y ln a", thrait, asthmatic and bronchial
nllectlons. and has saved mnnv Tnliml.ii. iim
it never fails to Klvc satisfaction. Bold by kU
FAIT! MHW. irn.l
iiiiiriiuurrititriinuiCK lo 3IA11U-
nrtliriTi, iWlTllmv.. N'. V.
PAYNE'S AUTOMATIC ENlilNES-
$5 5 KSw
nhli a horse imtrtrttttlt it; m- )! ttntt trnterthnn nnu
Itplilltili,. ililriililt, mill .titnftfttiilfttil. trtll tttr
ntlitr nigiae built, not ill it'll with anauiuinntlocut-otl.
bt'iilfi)rlllutriitcilCitn!"i;t!i' '0. -V fur Informattoa
onclirln', II. , I'AVMJA: SUNS.
iiox iwj vurnini. .n v
Albany Steam Trap Company's
Bucket Rfilnrn Trap.
Thti trap auto
tlio wiitcr of con.
nutl return In
(.11110 to llio Holler
bo auovk ok nie
i.ow I ho water
li'ii'l In Holler.
ItiiiH dolnjr awftr
Willi pump) ana
ilovlcca for iucU
THE ALBANY STEAM TRAP COMPANY.
ALBANY, N. Y.
FIlKnEUICK TOWNRiIXI), lrptJcnt.
tlAMDS II. lll.hBSlNII. Hee'riinilTrein
TI10 good nnd staunch old
stand-by, 31 13X10 AN MUS
TANG LINIMENT, Ims douo
lunro to ussuago nnin, reliovo
siiUcriug, and s:ivu tlio lives ot!
mon null licasls limit nil othor
Ilnimeiit.s put togothcr. Why S
Eccuiist) tho Mustang penu
trntos through skin nud llosh.
to tho vory bono, driving out
nil piilu nud sorouess nnc
morbid secretions, uud restore
lug; tho alilictod part to sounfl
and supplo hoalth,