Newspaper Page Text
. :l HI 1.1. .J I U UUi. Ol Ui.l. .11 V ...
Me. Ilnllai iiilMliiut.-.lilll,til rHPt
encampment for the Inspection of the
troops. Krora tbo report of these officers
I in Induced to believe that the encoumgo
incut of suto mllllla organization by tho na
tional government would bo followed by
very gratifying results, and would afford
It tn sudden emergencies tho aid of n largo
body of volunteers educated lu tho per
formance of military duties.
Tin: new w.ut vi:sski.s.
The secretary of tho n:ny reports that
under thoatitiiorlty of Ihu acts or August ft,
ISM, mill Imch :J, 1W7, the work of
strengthening our tuvy by tuc construction
of moui rn vvstels has been atlspicloiMy lie.
gun. 'J'lirco cruder., tiro now In progress of
coiiMriictiuii tliu Chicago, of tout
displacement, and tho tloitoii titid Atlanta,
each of U .VjO ton. Tlioy are to be 'built of
prcnibeu .by law, and In combination of
.pKid, iuiluraueo and armament uro ex
pcouu to compare faiomiuy with tho bct
war o-vl of other nations. A fourth ei-i-cl,
1 lie linlpblli, U to be cuiiMltlclfd of
Imlhr in tli ii.il, mid Is Inti'iuted toseiiu uh
a licet ilupi.tii boat. Mm duublc-tiiricuil
nii.nUnr-i, I'mlian, Ampiiibo and Teirur,
hail- ih i'ii lauiiciii'd on tuo Delaware rlier,
and u rout met wn been imulo for the supply
of nu-ir m.icuiufry. A similar monitor, too
.M.i iMici!.t, lias been hiiiuciied In California.
1'tio n:ial iiuvt-my boui'il mid the xicrelary
it- ".miii mi tliu completion ot the inwliilotH
uini tuo ron-i ruction of four gunboats, and
ul-o of tlni'o addltlouul steel us-oii IIko tho
i iimii, iliKiuii and Dolphin iii an Impor
tant iiiiu-ine ol material ilrlciiec.
IMIIIIlHINU )Ull NAVAI, SrilKNOTll.
Tho -ccrut.iry urge alo tno Immediate
i uatlou ol mi niteilor fait lino of water
..) auo-illiu .cninsul'i of Florida, along
tlii- iiiit-t irom Honda to Hampton Itoads,
iietwcen tliu Chcmipouke bay and Delaware
rtwr and through CapoCotl. 1 feel bound
to impress upon tho attention of congress
tin- iitd'aiUy of eor.tinued progress In tbo
lie instruction of tho navy. 'J ho condition
of the public treasury, as 1 liavo already In
liliiatcd, m alien tho picscnt an autplclous
tiiiui tor putting this branch of service In a
itato of eiHeleuoy. It Is no part of our
polmv to create and maintain a navy ablo to
tone with that of tho other great powers of
the world. Wo hao no wish, for foreign
oonqitoM, and tho pcaco which wo have
lony enjoyed Is In no (.ecmlng danger of In
ton upturn, but that our naval strength
thould ho made adequate for tho defense of
our harbor, tho protection of our commer
cial Jiitercsts. anu the maintenance of our
national liotior, Is a proposition from which
no pal rlotle citizen can withhold his con-
Tim i-osrAi. simivici:.
The report of tho potmater general con
tains a gratifying exhibit of the condition
and pro-pects or this Interesting branch n
tho publiu i-crvleo committed to tils c.tro. I:
appi'iu-h that on .Itme !W, JSS1, tliu wholu
number of pnMollleos was i',mt, of which
l,ti! wi-ro established during the last pio-
ions INtal year. The number of oltlces
up-.-iting under I ho iy item of free delivery
win. 1.1 1. At tbc.c latter olllces tbo postage
on meal matter ummiiiteil to $-11 j tTi J.::o.. ---
, sum execiiiliu: by $1,021, 8ti.U,-, tho
cnllrii cod of tlu cn-flcrs Hcrvicu of tho
country. Tliu into of po-tngo on dtop let
ti'ih pjsliijttlir.iUKb tbu.-o oillecs Is now fix
ed by law at two cents per half ounce or
fraction thereof. In olliees whero tho car
rier si stum has not been established the rato
if only half as bugo.
A INDUCTION I'ltOl'OSKI).
It will bo remombcred that in UHKI, when
ficn diillvery was llret eMablUheil bv law,
tbu tmllorm single rato postage upon local
,?.t,.tC".xva" "nu 't'", nnJ 1,0 It remained un
til INr.1, when In thoso-citlcs where carrier
M-riluo was established It was Increased to
ilelr.iy tho oxpeme of such service. It
seeni-. to mo that tho old rato may now with
proiiiii ty lio rectoied. and that, too, oven
at Mm ilk of diminishing for a tlmo at least
tbu receipts from po.tugu upon local letters.
1 can K-u no reason why that i:irtlitnlai
cia-s of mall matter should bo held doublo
for tiio fntlreenst, not only of Its collection
nml ili-liM'iy but tho eolli'ctlon and dt livuiv
or nil iiher eiii..i: anil I am eoulldi'tit",
unci inn .-in sui-tiitlon of tho Mihjeet, that
t i inii'll in ii ! would In, loilowcd by
'i ; i.''"ll'V .ili .t bli nos in til
on,, .i.i l..i !.!it aim n-iiipiir.irv los to
ti.u I- mi. s in iiu n iiiih-i-.
TUB TKLUatUl'lt (JUKSTIO.V. .
The rohUna9tcr-gcnoral devotes much of
his report to tho consideration In Its various
aspects of tho government to tho telegraph.
Such reflection as I havo been able to give
to this subject, Muco my last aunttal mes
sage, has not led mo to cliango tho viow
which I then expressed In dissenting from
tho recommendation of tho postmaster
general that the govcrnmant assumes tho
satno control over the telegraph which It has
always exercised over tho mall. Admitting
that Its authority In tho premises as amplo
m has ever been claimed for It, it would not
Immy Judgment bo a wise use of that au
thority to purchase or assumo tho control of
existing : telegraph lines, ortoconstruit oth
ers with a view of entering into general
competition with prlyato cntorpriso. Tho
objections wlilcli may ho Justly urged
aga nst either of theso projects, and Indeed
against any system which would rcqulro an
enormous Incrcaso In tho civil service list,
dp not, however, apply to somo of the
plans which havo lately provoked public
common t and discussion, It has boon
claimed for oxamplq, that congress might
wisely authorize the postmaster-general to
contract with somo private person or cor
poration for tho transmission of messages
at speellicd rates and under government
Various such schemes of tho satno genoral
nature but widely differing lu their special
character tlcs, havo been suggested In tho
public, prints, aud tho arguments by which
they have been suggested and opposed havo
doubtless attracted your attention. It Is
likely that tho wholo Btibject will bo consid
ered by you at the present session. Ill tho
naturo of things y- involves so many ques
tions of detail thalryour deliberations would
probably bo aldfNl slightly, Ifnt all, by any
parllcufar suggXilons which I might now
submit. IavowW belief, however, that
the government should be authorized by
law to cxorolbo somo sort of supervision
over Intor-i-tato telegraph communication,
und express the; hope that for attaining
that end somo l easuro may bo dovlsotl
which will rccclvoypur approbation.
Tlir ' COUHTS.
Tho attorney eerforal crlt'clscs, In his re
port, tbo provisions of oxlstlng laws fixing
the fees of Jurors and wlinoises In tho fed
eral courts. Tli provisions oro chiefly con
tained in the (1s of February 20, I8W,
though bomo of inm woro Introduced Into
Uiat act from staMes which bad been passed
many yean. provbT.ts, Jt Is manifest that
yueh compensation as might, when thoso
laws were cn-c id, havo been Just and rea
nonahle, would! n many Instances bo Justly
regarded at thnprcscnt day as wbollylnado-
XirB MATTEIl OF 8Al.AltV,
I concur with tho attorney general In tho
belief that tbo statutes should bs lovlsed by
which these fees are regulated: oo, too,
thould tho Uws which regulate tho compen
sation of district attornoys and marshals.
AlllllCUL'l L'liAt. tlKrAItr.MK.ST.
The department of agriculture Is accom
plishing much In tho direction of the agri
cultural development of tho country and
tho report of the commlssl'incr giving tho
results of his Investigations and experi
ments will bo found Interesting and valu
able. At his itistanco a convention of thoso
Interested In the cattle Industry of tho coun
try was lately held at Chicago, Tho preva
lence of plcuro.pnoumonla aud other con
tagious discuses of animals was ono of the
chief topics of discussion, A committee of
tho convention will Invite your co-operation
lu Investigating tho causes of these diseases
aud providing methods for their pcrvcntloii
, tiii: xi:i:ts of alasica.
I trust that congress will not fall at lu
present session to put Alaska under the pro
tection of law. Its peoplo havo repcatcdlv
remonstrated against our neglect to afford
them tho maintenance and protection ex
pressly guaranteed by tho terms of tho
trcatv whereby that territory was ceded to
the I lilted Slates. For sixteen years they
havo pleaded lu vain for that which they
should have received without the asking.
They have no law for tlio collection of debts,
the support of education, tho conveyance of
property, the administration of estates or
the enforcement of contracts; none, Indeed,
for the punishment of criminals except such
as offered against certain customs, com
merce ami nm Igatlon acts.
The resources of Alaska, especially In fur,
mines and lumber, aro considerable In ex
tent and capable of largo development,
while Its geographical situation Is ono of
political and commercial Importance Tho
promptings of Interest, therefore, as well
ns considerations of honor aud good faith
demand the Immediate establishment of
civil government In that territory.
Complaints havo lately been frequent and
urgent that certain corporations, controlling
In wholo or In part the facilities for tho In-tor-state
carriage of persons and merchan
dise upon tho great railroads of tho country,
have resorted in their dealings with tho pub
lic to diverse measures, unjust and oppres
sive In their character. In somo Instances
tho stato courts have attacked and sup
pressed theso evils, but In others they have
been uuablo to afford un equal protection
because of the Jurisdictional limitations
wnicu arc imposed upon incm uy tno icuer
Tho question, how far tho national gov
ernment may lawfully Interfcro In the prem
ises, and what, if any, supervision or con
trol It ought to exorcise, Is ono which metlts
your careful consideration. Whllo wo can
not fall to rceogiilo the Importance of tho
vast railway systems of tho country, mid
thclr great aud beneficial liilluenccs upon
tho development of our material wealth, wo
should, on the other hand, remember that
tho Individual and no corporation ought to
bo Invested with absoluto power over the
Interest of other eltlens or class of citizens.
C'ON(!lli:SS HIlOLI.l) I'UOTUCTTIIK i'J'.OI'r.K.
The right of tho lallway .corporations to
demand a prolltubio return upon thoir In
vestments and to :t reasomtblu freedom In
their regulations must bo recognized, but It
Feoms only Just, so far as Its constitutional
authority will permit, that congress should
protect tho people at large In their Intar
stato trallle against acts of Injustice which
the stato governments uro powerless to pre
vent. rouusr ritissiiitVATioN.
In inv last annual message I called atten
tion to tho necessity of protecting by suit
able lcgi-latlon tho forests situated upon tho
public domain. In many portions of tho
west tho pursuit of general agrlctilturo Is
only madu practicable by tho resort to Irri
gation, while such useful Irrigation would
bo Impossible without tho aid afforded by
tho forests lu contributing to the regularity
and constancy of such supply of water.
During tho past year scvero suffering and
great loss of property have been occasioned
by profuse Hoods, followed by periods of
unusually low water lu many of tho great
rivers of tho country. Theso Irregularities
are caused by tho removal from about tho
sources of tho streams In question, of tho
timber by which tho wator supply has been
nourished and pnected.
lMrOltTA Ml Of THK l'OIIKSTS.
Tho prcsorvjlon of such portion of tho
forest on tne nftlonal domain as essentially
contributes to,tio equitable How of Impor
tant water coYses, is of tho highest conso
quenco. IuV ortaut tributaries of tho Mis
weapons wlmh constitutional legislation can
make. I farbr, therefore, tho repeal of the
act upon w7:ch the existing government de
pends, th resumption by tho national
leglslatur fjji entire political control of
thoterrt)'! -.ud tho establishment of a
commit, ,itti such powers and duties
as shal .legated to It by law.
id bo paid wholly by salaries In
i part by fees, as Is now tho case.
KO woUld nruvo to bo a measure of
ft--w-J0 "d would dlscourago tho lustl
'a.. .Jf neeuless and oppressive legal pro
V -nigs, which, Ills toliofeurcd, have In
.mo Instances been conducted tor tbo mere
ssuko of personal gain.
Much Interesting and varied Information
Is contained lu tbu report of tho secretary ot
tho Interior. 1 particularly call your atten
tion to his presentation ot certain phrases ot
ttio Indian question, to his recommendations
fur tbu rupcal of the pre-emption and um
ber culture acts, ami for inure stringent
legislation to prevent iniuds uudnr tbu pen
sion laws. Thu statutes which preservu the
detimtliius and punishments ot crimes rela
ting to pensions could doubtless be made
more cllecllvu by ccitaln amendments and
additions which are pointed out initio treas
FKUKllAL AID l'OIt I'UIILIO SCHOOLS.
I havo previously referred to tho alarming
state ot Illiteracy lu certain purtlons ot thu
country, and again submit fur tho consider
ation of congress whether Homy federal aid
film Ud bo extended to publlo primary edu
cation when adequate provision thuroforo
uus not already been maUo.
Tin: iMi.vn.mv ulceh.
Tho Utah commission bus submitted to tho
secrutary ot tbu Interior Its second itunual re
port, wim lull particulars of lu Jubors In that
territory. uruant to tho act of March '!,
ions. It uppuufs that tliu persons by that act
illsiualltka. to llio ntimuor ot about U.uoO,
were oxi'luiicd from the polls, This tact, how
over, uttonU llttlu causu lor congratulation,
and X tear that It Is tar 1'rom Indicating any
rent unit substantial progress toward tno ex
tirpation or polygamy. All or tho members
of tlio legislature uro Mormons. There la
irravo reason to bolloro that tlioy uro In sym
pathy with tlio practices that this government
is souklujf to suppress, und that Us ettorts In
that regurd will bo more likely to encounter
ttielr opposition than to rucelvo their encour.
ugoiuout und support,
MOltK 8TIIINOICNT LAWS N1CKD1!!).
Kvcn it this vlow Bliould happily bo er
roucotis tho law under which the commis
sioners have been acting should be mado
more effectual by the Incorporation of somo
such stringent measures as tlioy recom
mend, as were Included In bill No. '2,m,
on tbo calendar ot tho senate ut Its last ses
sion, I am convinced, howover, that
polygamy has become so strongly Intrench
ed in tho Tenltory ot Utah that It Is profit
less' to attack with any but the stoutest
Bonrj, tho Columbia and the Saskatchewan
r so In tho mountains of Montana, near tho
northern boundary of tho United Slates,
oclwccn tholllackfcct and Flathead Indian
reservations. This region Is unsuitable for
settlement, but upon tho rivers which flow
iu.il ii. uein-iiiis in mo iuiuro tno agricul
tural development of a vast tract of coun
try. Tho attention of congress Is called to
the necessity of withdrawing from tho pub
lic sale this part of tho public domain and
establishing there a forest preserve.
1 The industrial exhibitions which havo
, been held In the I'tiltrd States during tho
present jear attracted attention In many
, nrelKit count lies where tho announcement
of tlniM! enterprise had been mado public
through foreign agencies of this goverment.
1 he Industrial exhibition nt Host on. and tho
southern exposition nt Louisville wcro
largely attended by the exhibitors of foreign
countries, notwithstanding the obsenco of
any professional character lu thoso under
takings. Tho ccntcnnl.il exposition to bo
held next year at New Orleans In commemo
ration of the century of tho first shlpmcntof
cotton from a port of the. L'nltcd States,
bids fair with a like gratifying success. Un
der tho act of congress of the 10th of Febru
ary. 1883, declaring Jhat exposition to bo
national and Inter-national In Its character,
foreign governments with which tho United
Mates maintain relations have been Invited
to participate. The promoters of this Im
portant undertaking havo already received
assurances of tho lively Interest which Is ex
I1I8TKICT OF COMJMMA.
. Tbc report of the commissioners of the
District of ( ' '
ilits oja.w sairu oti 'oAjioojop patuoss
A3ti ii,iioi,upj!iiiopjrd onios ui pus 'soinjg
poiiun oqi jo luopisajd onj Xq piwntu
-ojd puu pa.tojddn sit.w 'envois on,i jo iiipls
onj o.iuiipjoDDu u patinuj 'sapu jo sajj
-os v ioimp osotu jo o3at!iasp otjj uodn
Aildmojd pwaiua jj.sajins poiiun oqt jo
oo.uos hap ot oAojduti pun oit'ittSaj oj ptt
"V. , P-illllua a)8x oi Ainr jo pu oqj jopun
paiuioddu ojo.w oqAV sj?uoSStuuioo oqj,
HoiAiKis iiaid am
aajcAV puu caxtij jo tuuruju aoj giuoutssassv.
oi otiqaj ijajirAV suojuod osoqj joj ,fn:podso
'ttoittiniiu iitjaavo jno.v joj msb t -paj
Uiusuiuj tupwojoq si u
(tucntly amended. It will provide for tho
dlscotintcnauco of any political or religious
tests for admission to the ouices of tho pub
lic servlco to which the statutes relate. Tho
act Is limited In Its original application to
tho classified clerkships In tho several execu
tive departments ot washlngtoa, number
ing about 5,000, and to similar positions lu
customs districts and postofllccs whero as
many as fifty persons aro cmoloycd, a class
ification of these positions analogous to that
existing In tho Washington oillecs was duly
mado before tho law went Into effect.
Klevcn customs districts and twenty-thrco
postutllces were thus brought under tho Im
mediate! operation of tho statute. -
WOltKt.Vas OF T1IK 8Y8TKM.
The annual report of tho civil servlco
commission, which will soon bo submitted to
congress, will doubtless afford the mcaus of
ajnoro dcllnlto Judgment than I am now
prepared to cxpicss as to the merits of tho
new system. I am persuaded that IN
effects have thus far proved bcncllclal. Its
practical methods appear to bo adequate for
tho ends proposed, und thero has been no
serious dlfUcultlcH lu caminir them Into ef
fect. Since tho 10th ot July last no person,
so far as I am aware, hiw been appointed to
tho uubllc servlco in tho classified portions
jhereof at any of tho departments, or any of
tho postouiccs and custom districts above
named, except those certified by tho com
mission to bo most competent on tho basis of
Mho examination held lu conformity to the
TUB l'ltUSIDKNCV ANU ITS 1'OWKltS.
At tho time when tho present executive
entered upon his trm of ofllco his doath,
removal, resignation or inability to dis
charge his duties would havo lelt tho gov
ernment without a constitutional head.
It Is probable, of course, that (u
similar contingency may again anso
unless the, wisdom ot congress shall
provldo against lta recurrence. Tho
senate at Its last scssslon, after full
consideration, pased un act relating to tho I
subject which will now. I trust, commend i
Itself to the approval of both houses of con-
gress. Tbo clause of tho constitution upon
which must depend any law regulating tho ,
prrsldcnllal succession presents also for
solution other questions of paramount Im- 1
portauco. Theso questions relato to tho 1
proper Interpretation of tbo phrase "In-
ability to discharge tho powers ond duties ,
of Hafdolllcc." .
IMI'OUTANT QUESTION TO UK SETTLKD. j
Our organic law provides that when tho
president suffer from much Inability, tho
presiding o lllcer shall devolvo upon tho vlco '
president, who may himself, under life cir
cumstances. Live nlaco to such ofllccr as
congress may by law appoint to act as presi
dent. I hero set forth numerous and Inter
esting Inquiries which aro suggested by
theso words of tho constitution. They wcro
fully stated In my first communication to
congress, aud havo been the subject of fre
quent deliberations In that body. It Is
greatly to bo hoped that theso momentous
questions will And speedy solutions lest an
cint-rgency may arlso when long delay will
bo Impossible, and any determination,
albeit tho wisest, may furnish cause for
anxiety und alarm.
TIIF. VETO l'OWKU.
For tbo reasons fully stated In my last an
nual messago, I repeat my recommendation
that congress proposo an amendment to that
provision of tbo constitution which pro
scribes the formalities for tho enactment Of
1A1,D WllCIVVj , ,11 lUBlll'tt IU UlilB 1UT IUU Ul-
proprlaUon of publlo monoy, tbo cxccutlvo
may bo ablo, wnllo giving his approval to
paitlcular Items, to Interpose his veto as to
such others as do not commend themselves
to his Judgment.
Tho fourteenth amendment of tho constl
tutton confers tho right of citizenship upon
all persons born or naturalized In tho United
Stairs, and subject to the Jurisdiction thon
of. It was the special purpose ot tho amend
ment to Insure members nf the colored rnco
tho full enjoyment of civil and political
rights. Certain statutory provisions Intended
to secure tbo enforcement ot those rlKhis
haro been recently declared unconstitution
al by tho supreme court. Any legislation
whoroby congress may lawfully supplement
the guorontecs which tho constitution' af
fords for tbo equal enjoyment by all the citi
zens of the Uuttod States, of overv right,
prhllegoand Immunity of citizenship, vlll
rccelvo my unhcsltatlmr annrnval.
m CitKSTisn A. AnTiiurt.
Washington, D. On December 3,11383.
Mr. Jones, how do they make writing
paper V" "With snfonnrj engines, piy dear I"
Immediately tbo wholo f.itnlly wcro enbtl-
tned in irloom. nml Mm T 'j l.rotv wnrn.Ul.n
IWWU Of lmlll'Ilfiilnil. flmn I fliiin I w.
.J ...... V ... I ..W....VI
an itMlng of this long since. It nil hap-
pwu. in ftnn city, i'cncll-vuiila.
Cultlvitto, i ho Tnntc.
Thcro can ho no doubt about tlio nullity
i iiuj niiiii iu cuuivuio ins sense, jiunt'
era learn to see with acctimcv irrcnt ill
tnuccs, so do Bailors; musicians bring tlio
sense of hcarlnir up to tlio finest degn oof
pi'uccuon. jHinti men oitcn becomu tj
proficient that they can toll the color of n
garment by simply feeling of It, while
men employed In tlio Imsine&s of buying
uuu Boning great varieties of makes ot but'
tcT learn not only to irmdo mid tell tin
tinmo of tlio maker of each lot,buUniioiiK
Instances they can tell nlmost to n tiny Un
exnet ngo of each lot. This Is vcrv nimulv
nml clllclently dono by cultivating ilic
bciiso of lnide. Wo onco heard of nn in
pUuico whero u wlno tnslcr, n man who lic-
ttiiuo very proiiclcnt in this art, bclnp
tailed in to pass, judgment on n hogshead
oi wine, (lecnied there wns ti Hlight, cr
Biigni, insto oi iron to tbo wlno Thl wtis
not believed bv tlio owner of tlio wlno tin
til the cusk was cnititv. when liu found n
sninll Iron key in tlio bottom of it. Wo do
not, cxjiect every lmtter-ninkcr to rend,
this licluht of nerfcctlnn In tlio nrt. nl
tasting, but thcro is ono 1111111! liu hIiouIi!
do. nml Hint is study tlio (subject, lodo
tills, let hint tnsto nil tho fino butter lie
can get hold or, and not with tlio set no
tion in his head that Ills mako is finer, but
villi nn honest effort to find wherein thh
lot dlffcrH from liisoun make, llnsito
stronger butter taste, or lias it. its it nrob-
nbly has to him, a moro insipid taste a
Httlo too flnu perhaps for his tobacco
ronguc. ji so, no siioultl get his wilo to
do tho tasting. When you hear of a mau
taking n premium on his butter nt ti fair
or dairy convention, rido over, if it is ten
miles nwny,nnd cxnmiuo his butter. Taste
it over anil over again until you catch iti
iiccuiiaruies. toko somo Homo 11 von cud
get it for lovo or money, and talk it over
wun mem ueiu ot your lamily. Bomo of
thciu will bo llhlo to nolnt outcorrecth
tlio essence of merit in it, and ten to one
you will bo nblo to catch the lutng of tho
tiling ami do nolo to do it yourself.
In cultivnting the tasto for testing but
ter, one thing must bo bnrno in mind. Do
not chooso ns tho best nrticlo that which
is most itKetl by your own family. They
may havo their peculiar notloiiB. What
yen want is to study tbo lafctcs of ycur
customers and mako your butter como up
to their requirements, no maticr what
opinion you may havo or their judgment
on tho subject. It is .far easier to nrlnnf
yourself to them tliatLto force customers
to tako your butter ngalust their will
lucy will not do it. American Dahyman.
Hoiv to Mlntl n Bnby.
First, n man need liavo ono to tako care
Of. Tf. fKTlf. M'nri'ftnn 41,nf la IVi.li.Mnl,
- ..... - H . j .....V IO JUllUUtlU
enough to have one, and when lie docs his
wife is nlways wnnting to run over to the
neighbor's only flvo minutes, and lio has to
attend tbo baby. Sometimes she caresses
rum, but oltcncr slio says, sternly : "John,
tako good coro of tho child till I return."
You want to remonstrate, but cannot pluck
up courago wnuo trintawiul female's eye i?
upon you j so you prudently refrnin, and
llnrplv n-lllfirlr "linn cn l,w. Ann)'
- ... I " " . . v u... f i V. V ...
Slio is scarcely out tf sluht when the luck
less babo opens its eyes, ucd its mouth itlso,
uuu cuius a yen wiueii cntues tno cat to
bounce out of tho door as if somt.thing had
stung it. You timidly lift tbu cherub and
twig nu opcrauo air ; it. tiocs not npprcclati
it, and yells Uto louder. You try to bribt
it with a bit of sugar ; not a bit of uao, i(
spits it out. You gctwrathy and shako it
It stops a second, and you venturo nn
other, when, good heavens 1 it sets up such
a roar that tho passers-by look up in aston
ishment. Ynil frpl ltlailIlln vm,r l,nl-
stands on ends and tho perspiration oozes
e . i . , ,,
uuu ui JIOIUIIS 1110 ngoiu.ing uiought
coinps nvir vin. vrlmt If 41,.. Iiu.1-Ia.i. t.ii.i
should havo a lit I You try baby tiilk : but
H1I14.. 111... , 1.,, 1 . rtT . n1
I iiujr iiiuiu- jiaa no ciicct lor It
stretches as if a red hot poker had been
, laid upon its spine, and still it yells. You
, are afraid tho neighborhood will bo alarm
i cd, nnd gii o it your gold watch ns a last ro
, source, just in time to savo your whiskers:
though it throws down ti hnndftil of your
I cherished moustache to tako tho watch.
I and you thankfully find an easy chair to
rest your aching limbs, when dor.i comca
I '"at costly watch on the floor, and the
;auso of nil tho troublo brenks Into an ear
splitting roar, nnd you set your teeth and
prepare to administer personal chastise
ment, when in rushes tho happy womr.n
known ns your wife, snatches tho long-suffering
child from your willing nrms, nnd
sitting down, stills it by magic, whilo yru
Sazo mournfully nt tho rcmtiius of your
watch and cherished moustache, and, mut
tering n malediction on babykind firgcncr
nl, and ou tho imago of its father in par
ticular, vow never to tako caro of a baby
pin until the next time
Bupposo our boys and girls wcro tuught t
read manuscript a littlo? They aro tuught
a read print, but manuscript is not prFnt
or very liko it, and, thoy aro left to pick ui
tho power of reading tho best way tho
can j thoy uovcr devoto half nn hour a day
for six mouths to manuscript reading. If
they did, it would bo easier to them all
their 1 ves, nnd they would learn tobcliev
In legibility ns tho greatest, or, nt any rate,
tho most useful, quality that writing can
display an immenbo improvement, if our
experience can botrustctlJnthousalyouth.
fill Idea nn tlm cnlilnnt mi.. i...i -
iiV ...vH..jvv,. xiio uuoijii-oB ui
lire, no doubt, soon teaches children to read
mnmiserlnt. lmf ,nnn,. nni,... ,
it easily, and retaiif. through llfo nn pneon
Ijucrablo aversion to olio work, from tho
latlguo nnd vexation which itcanses them.
Wo havo liuown men uo conscious of this
defect that they always havo important
letters read nloud to them j andothcruwho
would refuso any work, howoycr nnxioiu
ou other grounds to ncccpt it, if it involved
tho Ircqucnt perusal of long mnnnscripti
in varied handwritings. No doubt tho
tendency to ti broad and course but beauti
fully legible, handwriting, which has con
quered tho upper class and is slowly Alter
ing downwards, is diminishing this rolttc
tanco, but it would bo moro rapidly re
moved if n littlo troublo wcro taken to
teach children to read handwriting. The
hardly see any till they begin to receive
torrespondenco, and aro never compelled
to read any, and consequently learn to writo
Vfimt they cannot read without intelligence
nnd without sleasuia.
ATI on Tho Iinut Hound.
The peculiar conditions upon which 8
matrimonial affair was based in Hotith Ar
kansas have just como to light. Dick An
derson had just graduated lictwccn the
low-handles. It was said that ho could
run n furrow sostralghtlhntlt would break
knock-kneed man's legs' tb walk in it,
.'lisnecoiiipllshmenl was u kind of frontis
piece to future voluinu ol groat agricul
tural nnd moro than ono young
lady in tho neighborhood had her cyd on
tho young catch. Dick wasn't bashful, but
he didn't seem to lie particularly impressed
with tho charms ncattered around him like
drops of water that linger on leafy trees
nflcr tho r.iln. Hut ho hoou met his fate, a
young lady, Winiilo llogrnw. Wlimio was
a beautiful girl and could cover as much
corn with n hoc, and scrape as much cotton
tw any man in tho neighborhood. Tho
coupli loved devotedly, agriculturally.
Ilogrowhad raised his daughter with great
care, and now that she had nttnlned tho
zenith of her usefulness, it grieved him to
think of losing her. Ono Sunday Did:
vent over, and, going out whero the old
man was shelling corn for tho pigs, said :
"Mr. Hogrow, I sttpposo
"I don't suppose any thing, sir."
"Well, then, you doubtless know'
"I don't know anything."
"That's all right then. I nm l-oinir
marry your daughter, aud by next corn
planting you will know something. Do
you weaken, Mr. Hogrow?"
"Sco hero, young fellow, I can't afford to
loso my gal. I havo had powerful bud luck
this season. Tho cut-worms bcrmn nt ihn
coru by tho timo it como up, nnd tlio bugs
(hiciicu into mo cotton; anu, to make
things worse, my best mulo nnd ono of mv
cows got into n light tho other day. Tho
cow hooked the mulo and tho mulo kicked
tno cow, ami both or them died. So under
'ho circumstances I'd rather vou'il innrrv
"I don't ncccpt your misfortunes as ex
cuses. I'm going to mnrrv tho cirl."
"I'll tell you what I'll do. Dick. I'll
mako this arrangement: We'll wrestle, nnd
if you throw m j tho girl's your'n ; if I
throw you sho's mine. If you nmrry hot
against my will, I shall pleasantly cxtcr
minato you. If you throw mo and marry
tho girl, this farm, together with tho Irl
is your'n. I'll ulvv. thrco trials-ono to
day, ono three weeks from now, and tU1
other six wo1m"
Dick was compelled to nuree. nltlionrrh
tho old man was recognized ns tho boat
wrestler in tho county. Ho had challeng
ed ovcryhody, fuid had thrown everyone
who had accepted. After eating dinm
tho old man announced his willingness 4o
tako tho first ballot. Dick was willing.
Tho contestant, iuclndini! tho uirl. went
into tho yard, tho girl took tho hnta nnd
tho men grappled each other. Tho sigual
was given and Dick went over tho old
man's head and .plowed a short furrow in
"Give mo iv hat." lio said to tho irlrt.
"Don't givo it up," sho remarked, hang
ing over tho tile. ''Go away and practice."
Dick left, discouraged, but, taking thogirl's
ndvice, wrestled with steamboat men nnd
farriers until tho time for tho next trial
came. At tho appointed time, Dick .tp
pcard at Hogrow's residence.
"Feci as though you can cut your capers
putty well?" askod tho old man.
"I think so. I feol that my causo is just,
and, with tho aid of kind Providence, I
hopo to pilo yon."
"I'rovidcnco comes In nutty liandv at
times," said tho old man, pulling off his
toat, "but its a hard matter to buck aaiu
an old stager. Get outcn ycr jacket. If I
fall, tho gal and tho farm nro - jur'n. Four
hundred acres, aud nil under fence, 'al
weighs ono hundred nnd filly pounds. Jr;
inducements." Tho two men grappled,
and again Dick plowed up tho earth.
"Don't gtvo up," sa'itl tho girl.
"No," said tho old mau, "for tho land ia
under fence, and tho gal wcichs ono hun
dred nnd fifty can handlo n hoo -wonderful!"
Dick went away and pondered. It was
evident that tho old man could throw him
every time. To loso tho girl was to wreck
his life. An idea struck him. Ho smiled.
Ho left tho neighborhood and remained
until tho timo lor tlio third tail was nearly
up. On tuo appointed day no visited tlio
"I have acreed to evervUilnr'."fcald Dlel
"and now I ask n favor. Hitherto I havo
been embarrassed. Let tho final trial tako
placo to-night in the dark. I will mcetyort
icro at iu 0'crocK."
Any way suits me," replied tho old man;
At 10 o'clock tho fill! man nlniul in lm
yard, chuckling. His combatant climbed
tho fence nnd approached. Without ex
changing a word tho two men grappled.
Tho strugglo was short. Tho old. man
went up into tlio air. como down nnd
struck tho ground with a forco that almost
took his life. Ho lnj for a moment al
most unconscious. J)Ick raised him up
and assisted him into tho house.
I ho gal nnd tho farm aro your'n," said
tho old man. aud tho vonmrcoutilo embrac
ed csen other. Tho next day they ivero mar
'led. Shortly alter theeercmony was over,
ft largo negro man appcard nt tho door,
and, uttmcting Dick's attention, said; "I
want my 10. 1 Hung tho olo man hard
'lough to kill him. Whero'a my money ?"
-tnb ...i.-.. 1.1... 1n 1 4 !.. "l
illlll V". 1HI, lUlllltlg U1,UUIUI,
cclved ft searching look from tho olil
;a. "I'll cxnlnln." said tlio bridouroom.
Realizing that I couldn't throw von. arid
at tho same timo realizing that my happi
ness depended unon this maniiiL'o. I ro.
cortcd to a bit of treachery." Hero ho
stopped to buckle his arm around his wife.
i lotinii n uig negro thnt I know could
throw you. nnd offered him Sit). Tlmt'n
why I wanted tho vvrcstlo to taco place in
tho dark. After ho had thrown you, I
rushed forward and raised you up."
When Dick had finished, tho old Sunn
looked nt him for full flvo minutes, nnd re
marked : "It was a mighty mean trick, but
the farm and mil aro vour'n. Knur inm.
dred acres under fence, and tho gal weigho
4u uuimtuu iuiu mty "
iiiiuiui noa uupeu; tno nrst wo
man deceived her husband, and tho flrot
child turned out a murderer. Such wcrs
ti... , . ... ..
'IT -yv"" i miauiiy, nnu yet pcopu
ffir1f.,.1??'r,aol Umt 41,0 vrUl 'is ?
Tlio base drum player make moro 6U
than anybody else, but he docsrt't 'leoil'ttS
banO, Thero is a moral to this.