Newspaper Page Text
The Lighthouse of
An Audacious Hazard of Nikolai, Independent Agent, as
Related by H13 Lieutenant, Summers
By H. M. EGBERT
(Copyright, 1913. by W. G. Chapman)
Our little yacht cut gaily through I
the groat waves that rolled in an un
ceasing surge off the great North cape
ot Norway. It was the end ot Septem
iber; the nights and days were equal,
ibut a blue line on the horizon beto
Jtened the approach ot the Arctic ico
,pack that would soon descend to seal
that silent coast until the following
.-spring. Nothing could exceed the lone
- -Unoss and desolation of the sea-scape;
mot a sail or line of smoke was visl
iblo. Far on our starboard lay the
There were six of us aboard with
Nikolai. Wo were all consumed to
hnow the reason for ' our presence
in those cold waters, far from civiliz
ation. This was the day on which
we were to be told. Nikolai assembled
us on deck we were all members ot
itho international league and broke
tho seal of a document.
Then he read out the orders.
"Satcha Alexandrovltch, with Ave
other revolutionary patriots, is on his
way to Archangel aboard the Potem
kin," he told us.
Our mission was to rescue them.
(For these men had been the hope of
Russia and of freedom through many
(Stormy months; at last, treacherously
ibctrayed to the minions of the tsar,
'they had beon sentenced, after a mock
trial, to perpetual banishment in the
frozen wastes ot northern Russia,
where no man ever lived long enough
to communicate with his friends
again. It was a sentence of death In
4ho penal settlement there.
And on the following day the cruls-
cr Potemkln would round the great
cape on her journey Into the White
' sea, the last before the closing in of
tho Ice, bearing her victims.
Afterward, Nikolai communicated
to me his plans, as we sat sldo by
side within the cabin, studying the.
"Here we shall intercept her," he
Bald, pointing to a dot off the coast.
"And all her guns and comple
ment ot soldiers and sailors will never
He unfolded his scheme. "Here is
tho lighthouse." ho said. "Its light,
tiurnlng steadily, alone makes possi
ble a voyage between those rocks and
.shoals. Wo shall destroy the light:
tho ship, misled, will be buffeted to
jileces upon the rocks. The prisoners
Jiavo been warned. They will es
cape In the confusion. Perhaps they
will perish; but the chance Is better
than the certain death which awaits
It was a desperate undertaking, the
illttle yacht against the armored bat
tleshlp, but none of us thought of
hat. Our hearts were elated with the
'magnitude of our task. That night,
runntng In close along the rocky shore,
nve sighted the lighthouse.
It was ot the old-fashioned type.
The lenses did not revolve, but a
3teady stream of light issued through
them on three slde3, shooting out like
-n warning finger far Into the dark
"We shall shoot out the glasses," I
said to Nikolai. "Perchance, If we
tslioot out the central lense, no light
visible from a distance will Issue.
The Potemkln will sail to her de
struction." Nikolai smiled rather sadly.
"We cannot approach that coast
within two thousand yards," he an
swered. "And, at that distance, no
rifle bullet would penetrate those thick
Censes. Moreover, at such a distance,
who could hit a beam of light by night
or even the lighthouse, by day,
clothed, as it always Is, with perpetual
"What then?" I asked.
"We must take it by storm," he an
swered. "It la guarded by three sol
diers veterans ot the Imperial Guard.
Russia leaves little to chance. It must
That night the lighthouse was to
he rushed. There was no other way.
At dark we took our way in toward
ithe shore cautiously by means of the
lead; wo anchored at a distance of a
icnlle and a little more, and leaving
two men aboard, tho five of us re
maining rowed cautiously through the
More than once our little boat upset,
Jeaving us clinging to the sharp,
needle-pointed crags. But each time
wo recovered ourselves, by some for
tuitous miracle. At length, dripping,
Jrozen and utterly exhausted, wo
reached the rocks on which the great
lighthouse stood. It towered above
us, a veritable colossus ot masonry;
and from Its summit the steady beams
of light poured forth on three sides
"through the fogs. And now I per
ceived why my suggestion could not
1iavo been carried out. The lenses were
.set back Into the masonry, so that no
oiflo bullet could have been aimed at
Jthem from the base of the cliffs. Only
far out at sea would they become ac
cessible, and there, as Nikolai had
said, they could not have been
We had brought cutlasses and re
uolvcra. At a word from Nikolai we
Krcpt cautiously across our slippery
rtoothold until we reached the Iron
'bound : door at tho base ot the tower.
Faintly within we heard two watch
men singing a peasant song.
"Now. men," said Nikolai, "it will
be useless to knock. Nobody will open
to the sea, for they know that no
person could some here with anything
but evil intent." He picked up a huge
bowlder, poising it aloft with ease.
"Follow me!" ho cried, and hurled
himself with his burden against the
That was the mightiest blow that
ever I saw struck. It shivered the
oaken timbers from bottom to top.
Only the Iron bolts restrained the frag
ments of the door. A moment later
and we had cleared away this obstruc
tion, just as two bearded giants step
ped along tho flags within and con
"Yield!" cried Nikolai In Rus
sian, covering them with his revolver.
They threw up their hands with
alacrity. "Where Is your companion?"
"In the light chamber," they answer
We dashed pell-mell up the stone
stairs. We came upon him as ho
descended; in a twinkling he was dls
armed. The lighthouse was ours. It
was the work of a few moments to
pour out the oil and break the lenses.
"We should have kept those fellows
prisoners," said Nikolai. "Still, they
can do no harm. They will not dare
attack us, and there is nowhere for
them to go. Now, men, back to the
We hurried down. As we ran we
heard shouts beneath us defiant,
mocking, they seemed. When we
reached the ruins of the door below
the cries came from the darkness
mingled with the pounding ot the surf.
Nikolai exclaimed aloud and ran on
alone across the slippery rocks
heard him stumble and fall. Then
curses came to us from without, and
a hall of bullets whizzed past our
ears. At the same instant we heard
oars grating against the rocks.
Then we understood. We had not
thought to guard our boat. The watch'
men had taken It, and, knowing every
inch of the coast, would doubtless run
Another hall of bullets made us
dodge. Nikolai came limping back
to me, his face convulsed with fury.
"We're trapped like rats," he said
between his teeth. Then a thought
"They must have a boat of their
own," he called. "Follow me!" He
dashed across the roeks again, the rest
of us after him. When wo reached
the other side we found the remains
of a painter. The light-house keepers
had taken their own boat as well.
And, while we waited there, a suces-
slon of five shots came from the dark
ness on this side also. We cowered
back Into the darkness.
"One man in that boat," said Ni
kolai. "Those shots are from his
magazine. And two in the other.
Now are they acting in concert, or
does each think we are the other?"
We were soon undeceived. As by a
signal, a volley came from either side.
Two of our men cried, stumbled, and
sliding across the slippery weed,
splashed into the sea.
The wind was rising, and all the
while the breakers had been pounding
upon the rocks. We shouted in vain;
we could not make our voices heard
above the uproar of the elements.
Rain was falling, mingled with a light
"Into the light-bouse, men," cried
Nikolai; and we reached cover just
as another volley flattened itself
against the massive walls.
We looked around us. In a tiny
chamber was a heavy table, bolted
Into the stone. Nikolai set his shoul
der against it and wrenched it bodily
from Its fastenings. Then we half
dragged, half carried It along the nar
row passage to the doorway, where
we tilted It on end. It fitted the ori
fice well and formed a barricade
But our condition was a desperate
one. We had only our cutlasseB and
revolvers against rifles, and no more
than twelve cartridges apiece. Yet
we were three against three; and if
our adversaries bad command ot the
offensive there was always the yacht,
As the attack was not renewed, we
left the third on guard and descended
Into the bottom story of the light
house. Here we found a curious,
winding passageway, cut out of the
living rock, apparently, and opening
Into an extensive chamber, evidently
the work of engineers. At the en
trance we discovered ample provisions
In the shape of flour and Baited meat,
as well as dried fruits and a great
tank of water, connecting with what
muB have been a rain reservoir on
the top of tho light-house. As we
approached the chamber In the rock
a low moan reached my ears.
"There are men In there!" I cried to
"Who are you?" he called.
Only a moan answered. Ah oil lamp
was burning in a niche ot the damp
wall. Nikolai snatched it up and, des
pite my warnings, advanced toward
the dark recesses ot the prison, I fol
lowing. In the far nook we saw a
sight that called forth a cry ot pity
from my companion. .
Stretched out upon a bed of filthy
straw, bis hands chained to steel
staples In the wall, was an old man,
emaciated, and apparently upon the
verge ot death. Beside him knelt a
iwoman, of maturo years, but bearing
the marks ot great beauty and dig
nity, dcsplto the prison pallor ot her
"In tho name of God, who are you,
friend?" asked Nikolai.
"I am Adam Gortchakoff." answered
tho old man, opening his eyes.
I saw Nikolai start back and clap
his hand to his forehead.
'How long have you beon confined
hero, Adam Gortchakoff?" he asked
with a quavering voice.
'Twelve years," tho old man an
swered. "And my daughter also."
'God help you," muttered Nikolalt
Tears welled Into his eyes. "Russia
has not forgotten you," ho said, rais
ing tho old man s hand to his Hps.
"Nor you, madamo. But wo thought
you had died lu Archangel."
'There were twelve prisoners hero
when I arrived," said tho woman In
French. "My father and I have alone
survived." She turned upon Nikolai
fiercely. "Does Nicholas Stambuloff
still work for Russia?" she asked.
"He is still our hope and Russia's
hope," said Nikolai. Then, hastily,
he began telllng-them ot the desperate
chance that had let us hither. "Can
you endure your chains for a few
hours longer?" ho asked.
"We have endured them twelve
years," answered the woman; and she
bent over her father and pressed a
damp sponge to his Hps. The sight
was Inexpressibly painful to me; for
the first time I began to understand
that we had discovered the location
of their captives; this explained their
desperate efforts to regain the light
house. They had abandoned tho at
tempt, knowing ot the death of two of
our men, and had resolved to mako
by boat for tho open, sea.
But they had known nothing of our
yacht. Thefaen whom we had left
there, seeing tho soldiers advancing
In their boat through tho fog, had be
lieved them to bo us J they themselves
were not seen by the soldlors, who, in
rowing, naturally had their backs to
ward tho open sea. Thus the two par
ties ran Into each other's arras. Cut
off from tho open sea, the soldiers had
nowhere to escape; on the other hand,
the men In the yacht, anxious to learn
our fate, opened a parley with thorn,
being all Russians and from tho same
territory. In the end It was recog
nized that a truce must bo effected
until tho fortune ot war should de
cide for one side or tho other. This
was satisfactory to tho soldiers, but
moro so to us, who know of the ap
proach of the Potemkln.
"Fools that we were," said Nikolai
to mo. "Had we known what wo
know now we should have let the
Potemkln land her new captives here,
concealing our yacht In the ofTlng, and,
when she had departed, we should
have taken them with us and sailed
away. Now all is lost The vessel
will pound to pieces on the rocks and
our captives will die with tho cVew.
Or it they land, we shall encounter
searchlight Bhono straight out to sea.
It was a llttlo aftor midday when,
through tho thick mists that enfolded
us, we heard tho booming ot guns.
One, two, three and silence. Then
tho signal wan ropoated.
It was the Potemkln.
Wo put our three friendly enemies
down In the vaults, first exchanging
clothes with them. They went readily
enough, when wo had explained to
them, that their . imprisonment' was
.ojil tomjldtaYy, until after Ma ves
sels departure. Then three of us,
dressed in tho Russian uniform, with
the two other men in tho rear of us,
waited for tho arrival of tho boat
It scorned an endless interval it
was really about an hour before tho
ship's boat grated against the rocks.
Sho carried tho six prisoners, chained,
with six armed guards. Nikolai wel
comed the sailors In their native
tongue. They advanced, entirely unsus
pecting. Then, In a trice, we had
sprung on them and disarmed them.
So sudden was our attack that they
attempted no resistance; they stood
staring at us, foolishly grinning. Tho
prisoners were no whit less astonished.
I did not admit Nicholas Stambuloff
to see his bride, as Nikolai wanted.
Tho shock would have been too sud
den for both of them. We kept her
below with her father; ho still re
quired her constant attention, al
though tho hopo of freedom had won
derfully fanned the flickering flame
of Ufa. But ho would live now; ho
"Twelve years ago my bride, mar
ried a week to me, was snatched from
my arms and carried off to a dungeon
by the soldiers ot Russia's tyrant. I
never saw her face from that day to
this. After a mVckery of a trial she
was found guilty of conspiring against
tho tsar and sentenced to Archangel.
"I could have given myself . up and
received the samo sentence I could
have been banished thither and havo
joined her there. And I refused. Do
you know why I voluntarily cut myself
oft from sharing her cxllo? For Rus
sia's Bake. For Russia's sake, and be
cause, while free, I Could still light
for liberty, I hid from the Boldlers, I
worked In Russia for the cause.
Every day I havo hoped for capture;
and every day I have worked Ilka a
mole In the dark to avoid It for Rus
"And when at last the tsar laid
h61d of me and I was sentenced to
Archangel, all my heart leaped up.
I knew she was not dead. Had sho
died I should have felt and known It
I always knew that somewhere my
wife lived, waiting for the day of re
union. And all through tho voyage on
tho Potemkln, I was happier than I
have ever been before, because I was
going to her and should sea her again!
"And you, you fool, have ruined
this! You have given me back my
accused liberty, and once again I must
return to Russia to fight for freedom."
Nikolai had (Signaled to me in tho
midst of this tirade and I had under
stood. I' went into the vault and led
the woman up tho stairs. I think she
saw him first Her faco grew even
paler than the prison pallor had
bleached It. Then a flush spread over
her cheek and throat, I caught Nicho
las by the arm and spun him around.
At first he gazed at her with Incredu
lous eyes; then he drew toward her,
wonderlngly. She held out her arms.
I turned and left them.
On the next day we pulled out to tho
yacht and put our crew aboard.
There was nothing but Joy among us
all at the prospect of departure from
those gloomy shores, for already win
ter was at hand and ice floes choked
the sea. There was no time to be
lost. We set off southward down the
Norwegian coast toward a land of sun
shine. I never saw a happier couple
than Nicholas and his bride. Only
ono thing slddened me: blth an
nounced their determination to return
to Russia to take up the people's bat
tle. "It Is right." said Nikolai. "That
Is their only happiness In life. And
some day through their efforts and
those ot their comrades, the land
will find Its peace agiln."
Upon the rocky shores lay the
wreck of a mighty ship an armorod
vessel. Trough tho glasses I could
make out tho name Potemkln oh the
She lay half submerged among tho
lapping waves. There was no signal,
no sign of life on board. Had a man
survived that sudden wreck ho must
have perished in the boisterous surf.
Nikolai, standing by my shoulder,
"Look at the light-house," he an
swered, to ray unspoken question.
And then, looking backward, I saw
"Yes," said Nikolai, "that Is my
work," And then he told me what
he had done In tho tower on tho pre
With his blood-thirst unsatisfied, he
had crept up and shifted the great
lens from the middle to tho side com
partment. The light, cut off from the
open sea, now flared at an angle of
ninety degrees, Invisible from where
we were, but clearly discernible round
the arm of the coast. The captain of
the Potemkln, ignorant that the direc
tion of the light beam had been
changed, had steered his course by It
straight upon the rocks and perished
there, with all his crew.
of Cod. nfioar&yoi
something of tho hatred which in
spired Nikolai against the tyranny of
But he could linger no longer. Bid
ding them a hasty farewell, and assur
lug them of their approaching liberty,
Nikolai retreated up the stairs. Out
side dawn was breaking. Our man
was still on guard; the attack had
not been renewed.
"I dared not tell her that her lover
is aboard the Potemkln," said Nikolai
to me. "Nicholas Stambuloff was cap
tured and sentenced to Archangel; he
Is one of the six revolutionary leaders
otherwise known as Satcha Alexan
drovltch. We must and will restore
him and his bride to liberty. And
think for twelve years they have not
"On guard!" cried our companion.
We heard steps on the rocks; we
drew our revolvers and waited. But,
what was our astonishment when,
through the mists, we saw our two
companions ot the yacht and the three
Russian soldiers conversing amicably
together as they approached us. A
short Interrogation convinced Nikolai
that the truce was a genuine one.
We hurried down and, by the aid of
a file which the Boldlers gave us, had
soon freed the prisoners from their
bonds. Then, seated together over a
meal, explanations were offered and
It appeared that the light-house was
used as a secret penal station to which
prisoners were sent who bad been
sentenced to the mines ot Archangel.
Tho secret had been well kept, and
this explained why none, ot those sent
to the frozen north had ever been
heard from. They were not there;
the cruisers put them invariably up
on this desolate rock, where they re
mained In chains until death claimed
them. Tho soldiers naturally thought
tho attack of a hundred desperate !
men. At all costs the Potemkln must
"We can save her yet," I answered.
"One lens is still unbroken. It was
struck- from tho frame but not shat
tered. With this we can bring the
vessel in safely."
"How?" asked Nikolai.
I took him up into the light cham
ber. As I had said, one of the three
great lenses had remained uninjured.
Then I explained my plan. As Nikolai
took it in he becamo greatly excited.
He clapped me upon the shoulder and
strode up and down tho room, vowing
that the bride should yet be restored
to her husband, from whose arras she
had been snatched a short week after
the wedding, twelve years before.
This was the scheme. The single
lens, set into the central frame, would
convey the lght straight out to sea
and afford a Blgnai for the cruiser.
The Potemkln would anchor In the
offing, place, the prisoners in a boat
under a guard, and row them ashore.
We should admit them, .capture and
disarm tho guard, and hold them In
the vaults. The next party that ca'me
would meet a similar fate; and so
all who arrived, for even If they sus
pected any danger, we could defend
the light-house against a regiment,
while the thick fog would render a
bombardment Impossible. What would
probably occur, however, would bo
that the ship's officers, after the bcc
ond party failed to return, would be
lieve that both boats had been
swamped In the breakers, and would
take the ship back to Russia with
out further investigation.
We raised the great lens Into the
central frame. We refilled tho oil
lamp; and once more, though on
either of two sides was darkness,
through the central aperture a great
would see freedom if never Russia
We placed our new captives with
the soldlors below and waited for
the second boat. But no boat came.
With tho callousness of the Russian
officer, the commander cared noth
ing for the fate of the crew. If they
had perished on that dangerous coast,
at least their captives, chained as they
were, had died with them. That was
all ho cared about At four o'clock
we heard four guns fired In swift suc
cession. It was the sign ot depar
Excusing himself, Nikolai rushed up
the stairs. I would have followed
him, but he signed to mo to wait bo
low. When he returned I could gath
er no Information as to the reason of
We brought our captives, now nlno
In number, up from the vaults. The
situation had already been explained
to the sailors by the three soldiers.
We offered them a safe passage to Eng
land, our destination, whence they
could readily ship aboard some boat
tor the Baltic. As there was no alter
native, our terms were eagerly ac
cepted, and once more our enemies
were converted Into friends. I con
gratulated ourselves upon the termina
tion of our adventure bloodless, save
for the death of our two men tho
But when at last Nicholas Starabul
off understood the situation ho turned
upon Nikolai like a madman.
At first his anger was incomprehen
sible to all of us. Nikolai, soothing
him as a child, told him that presently
ho should meet some one whom he
would be gald to see.
"There Is nobdy whom I would bo
glad to see," raved Nicholas. "Do you
know what you have done, you hound?
Listen, and I will tell you;
WORK OF CIVIC SECRETARY
New Town Official Has Become an Im
portant Factor In Ameri
There Is a new official In American
city Hfo tho civic secretary. He rep
resents the link between education
and life in the big cities. For a num
bor of voara American educators have .
J 1.1 -.1.. lUnnl'
Influences and tho every day lives of
the people. By means ot evening
schools, libraries, extension lectures
and more recently civic, social and
recreational centers much has been,
done. It has remained to combine
these connecting educational forces
under one active officer, and this has
been accomplished by tho new position
of civic secretary.
The civic secretary at Duluth, Minn.,
Is appointed by the board of public
welfare of that city. He has charge ot
all the local social center work. Flans
to Becure the same sort ot officer are
reported to be under way In several
othor cities of the middle west The
official may not always be called the
"civic secretary," but his functions are
generally the same. He organizes edu
cational extension work; gives Intelli
gent and sympathetic aid to play and
recreation; stimulates discussion ot
public problems; in short he consoli
dates and directs the civic agencies of
the community for the benefit ot all
In Superior, Wis., a "city exposition"
Is planned by the civic secretary, who
is hero called "director of the civic
center department" In this city ex
position not only local industries but
the educational and municipal institu
tions will have an opportunity to ex
hibit their methods and results. The
exposition Idea Is only a single Item
In a large program mapped out by the
director. There will be various social
and recreational activities, lecture
courses, civic and ward improvement
clubs, and a clipping bureau will be
established to collect Information on
Boclal, civic and municipal matters.
BEQUESTS ALL COULD ENJOY
Money Left for Public Parks Would
Keep Donor's Memory Ever In
lie hath left you all his walks,
Ills private arbors, and new planted or
chards, On this sldo Tiber; he hath left them
And to your helm for ever; common pleas
ures. To walk abroad and recreate yourselves.
Why do not moro persons wishing
to benefit the people after their de
mise leave, for park purposes, their
private gardens to the dear public?
What more effective way to insure
remembranco-.attr osc !s sc'fould
be devised? Those who provide In
their wills for silly shafts of stone,
etc, do the public no lasting benefit
the donor, for they leave nothing
worthy of remembrance or that proves
either a boon or a benefit to their fellow-man.
Parks, either large or small,
are Imperishable monuments to the
fellow-being who. In his wisdom,
craved remembrance from his. kind.
ENGLAND'S MANY RICH MEN
Incomes Largely Derived From Invest
ments Abroad, Which Reach an
England s assessed income from
abroad, as set forth in the lncomo tax
statistics last year, reached tho Im
mense total of $520,000,000, which rep
resents capital of nearly $13,000,000.
These Incomes are derived from for
eign mines, gas works, water works
tramways, breweries, tea and coffee
plantations, nitrate grounds, oil fields.
land, financial, telegraph, cable, ship
ping and Insurance companies,
branches ot banks and mercantile com
panies, mortgages on property, loans
and deposits abroad and profits ot all
kinds arising from business done
abroad by manufacturers, merchants
and commission agents. When it is
realized how great ia the capital in
vested by Englishmen abroad in theso
varied lnterprlses the immense aggre
gate income, outside that Included in
the income tax statistics, can be ima
gined. According to tho same statistics,
there are 214 persons In the United
Kingdom with an income of $276,000,
which means that there are that many
persons possessing a capital of about
$6,000,000 each. But these are not tho
richest Englishmen. There are 06 with
an income- ot $500,000 and over, 55
with an income ot from $375,000 to
$500,000, 37 with Incomes of $325,000
to $375,000, and 56 with Incomes ot
from $275,000 to $325,000. Further
more, there are 4,143 persons with in
comes ot $50,000 and over, which
means tho possession ot a capital of
$1,000,000 and more. Consequently tho
total of persons "in tho cpuntry who
possess at least $1,000,000 does not
fall short of 4,751.
Misuse of Vines.
The mission ot the vino, in Its rela
tion to dwelling houses, is to soften
the harsh, monotonous lines of archi
tecture, to extend its beautiful tracery
partially over the sides of the building
so that sprays of stem and foliage
have their beauty accentuated by a
suitable background. Its misuse con
sists of allowing it to grow In thick
ened mass, obscuring all lines ot arch
itectural beauty, shutting out light
and air, thus conducive to unheal th tut
atmosphere, funeral aspect and a gen
eral air of depression suggestive of
tomb-like darkness and silence. Vines
are glorious in their proper use, but
become nuisances by abuse.
IS THE BACKYARD OF EUROPE
Conflict Between Races the Result of
Centuries of Mohammedan
Those are not a particularly popular
tot of Christians who are Just now
.fighting tho Turk, Bulgarians, Servi
. ana andvMacedpnlans sound a. bit ram-
:iiiP2Sf?pus -;arid fantastlo to those of
Vus in this country who do not happen
io.be running for office. Nevertheless,
remarks Harper's Weekly, they repre
sent Christian civilization as against
Turkish Mohammedanism, and if they
are backward in it, be it remembered
that it is the Turks who havo kept
them backward. In tho fourteenth
century, when the Turks overran tho
Byzantine empire, southeastern Eu
rope was well to the front, in civiliza
tion' and the leader of Europe in the
arts. For six centuries the Turks
have dammed the progress of these
states that hava now assailed them.
For all that time southeastern Europe
has been a hotbed of hatreds and ra
cial, political and religious jealousies,
and the atmosphere of such things
does not favor the gentler and more
attractive virtues. The Christians out
there seem pretty wild religionists,
but they have the Christian impulse
to better themselves.
It is a cruel war, full ot desperate
venoms, but well worth' understand
ing and following To persons who
are not students ot history and Inter
national politics It may seem Just a
backyard fight To scholars and dip.
lomatlc experts it is much more in-
Pretty Tradition of Moss Rose, ,
A German tradition gives the origin
of the moss rpo ns follows: Once
teresting, for there, In the backyard oi upon a time an angel, having a mis
Europe, the leaf Is turning on six ceri- slon of love to suffering humanity,
turles of history, and the processes ot came down to earth. He was much
civilization are forking out with Grieved at' all tho sin and misery he
scrapping and.bloodshcd, ns is the im- ' and .lfthe evil things he heard,
RescueMlsslr'n for City.
Atlanta is to haveta' larga Interde
nominational 'rescuo mission.
Being tired, ho sought a place where
In to rest, but as it fared with tils
master, so It fared with hlm.tbere
was' no room for him, and no one
would give htm shelter. At last be lay
Each tray In an egg carrier Invented
by an Iowa woman opens out at a dif
ferent angle so that all the contents
can be examined at onco.
down under the shade ot a rose, and
slept till the rising sun awoke him.
Beforq winging his flight heavenward
he addressed the rose and' said, as it
had given him the shelter which 'man
denied, It 'should receivo an enduring
token of his power and love, and bo,
leaf by leaf, and twig by twig, the
soft green" moss grew around tho
stem, and there It Is to this day, a
cradio in wnicn tne new-born rose
may lie, a proof, as the angel said,
ot God's power and love. Boston
Basic Idea of City Planning.
The basic topic of city planning is
the clear recognition of the fact that
no ono can accept responsibility for
any smallest element in the complex
unit that we call a city without par
ticipating also In the joint, undivided
and complete responsibility for the fu
ture excellence or inferiority of. the
city as a whole, says Frederick Law
Olmsted, in the American City.
This Joint responsibility Is one which
cannot bo shifted, oven though our
knowledge and powers be Inadequate
to the task of meeting it completely.
San Diego to Have Civic Center.
San Diego, Cal., is to have a civic
center and the Business Men's and
Civic association are determined to
make It a model ot its kind. The idea
ot locating it so that the courthouse
will be on the, north, the park In the
center and the city hall on the south,
with the enlarged San Diego hotel on
tho west and the chamber of com
merce on the east of the park, has
aroused the admiration and enthusi
asm ot all. '
Without the principle of excess con
demnation American cities must either
be planned from the very beginning,'
or else city planning on any oBocttvy'
scale must Do abandoned, for the coa
it is strange mat irqwns snoufd oe
worn, by some peoplo who could not
possibly be Induced to wear anything
else that did not become them. Lip-plncott's.
Questioning' Vour Own Worth.
There Is no readier way of bring
ing your own. worth into question
than by detracting from the worth ot
others. N, Vincent
The wor)d owes every .mania living,,
but It doeBn't send out checks.