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. l-MMI HU1S
Russia' Introduces More Merciful
6 ' J
NCE upon a time there was a king and
ho had four daughters. And the king
was much perplexed where he should
And suitable husbands for them. For
ho was a kindly man' end they were
Wo can well Imagine this as the
opening paragraph of an old-time fairy
tale. But In this case It Is an actual,
acuto situation staring in the faco that
much "harrassed man, the czar of all
the Russians. Several venru now the
scandal-mongers of Europe have been explaining
marriages of expediency arranged for the charming
quartette. Perhaps they have been right.
Tho cloud of rumors has
swirled most thickly about the
proud Olga, the eldest daugh
ter, because there is great Ilk
lihood of her inheriting tho
throne by the demise of her
tubercular HtUe brother. .
Here is indeed a fitting sub
ject for tho romancer. Sweep
ing, Imperial, with a curl of
her Hp so cold and haughty
that it would almost belle her
reputation for good nature, she
is every Inch a queen. There"
is magnificence about her
youthful carriage rarely at
tained even by royal blood.
Yet she cares nothing for
tho throne, the ormlne, the
crown diamonds and the scep
ter. It Is well authenticated
that she tried to throw herself
away upon her young cousin.
Prince Dlmltri Paulovitch, the
son of the profligate Grand
For years a romance de
veloped between them. There
were clandestine meetings and the royal girl con
cealed In her bosom a diamond pendant which
the young prince had given her. The .revalatlon
of her infatuation to the czar and czarina precipi
tated several fearful scenes. The grand duchess
stampe'd her foot like any common girl. She
would not be sacrificed as a wife for any' pin
headed princely weakling. She would marry tho
man of her choice.
The czar is said to have at last consented. It
was decided that the betrothal be published to
Aid then the Grand Duchess Olga had the
rudest shock that ever came to any young prin
cess of the blood. Prince Dlmltri confessed that
he loved her sister Tltiana more than Olga! '
Where Olga is stately, Tltiana is irresistibly at
tractive. Where the elder sister Is magnificent,
Imperial, capable of gracing a throne, the second
daughter is winsome, magnetic, capable of be
coming a great actress and taking captive the
heart of a nation with her magic smile.
If there had been turmoil In the czar's house
hold before, it was as, nothing compared to the
storm Jaow. The czarina, always neurasthenic
from the many nameless terrors that surround
her family, collapsed completely and retired to
her beautiful retreat lp. the Crimea. The prince
who was the cause of the trouble left the country.
His exile was complete absolute. He seems now
to have been shut out of the list of ellglbles en
tirely. This list of ellglbles Is not a long one and tho
daughters of the czar have a way of turning up
their pretty nose3 at almost every name on It.
heading the list Is the young prince of Wales, a
schoolboy, thin faced, weakly, given to overmuch
cigarette smoking, perhaps too greatly coddled
by a foolish mother. Accustomed to the virile. If
dissipated, society of St. Petersburg, the grand
duchesses aro not so much impressed by the Brit
ish heir apparent. He Is said to admire much
the beautiful Tltiana, but the reports that the
affection is mutual are not well borne out.
The second most eligible young man from the
point of rank and station Is Adalbert, third son
of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.
He is stocky, rugged, far removed In appearance
from the prince of Wales. Royal parents have
thrown him and the quartette of Imperial girls to
gether. But nothing has happened.
In the olden days nothing was expected to
happen. Rather, It made no difference. But times
have changed. Tho royal girl demands her ro
mance. She will not be cheated out of her meed
of love and affection. She has read tho romantic
novel and she knows what Is her due of love and
affection as a woman. She demands, to marry tho
man she loves. Sho will not take this one or that
one to please her father's prime minister.
This changed attitude of the royal young lady
seems to have been the stone wall on which the
plan for sealing tho Balkan peace by royal match
making was shattered.
Last autumn there was much Indignation, and
Just indignation, over the pitiless plan by which
the diplomats Intended to mate up tho young folks
of a stern European royalty.
In the- first placo, Olga was to be married to
Prince Alexander of Servia, the heir apparent to
a throne stained with blood. It will bo remem
bered that King Peter, Alexander's father, took
this throne from assassins who killed King Alex
ander and Queen Draga, and even tore the latter
to pieces and est the remnants of her body out
of her bedroom window. Prince Alexander's
elder brother, George, commuted many horrible
crimes, Including the murder of the husbaftd of
his mistress, and was shut out from the line of
succession. Alexander is said to be little better,
a sot and a debauchee. The court at Belgrade Is
TUdo and barbarous. Olga'a fate In such a union
might well be pitied,
Then Tltiana, she of tho witching eyes, was to
be wed to Prince Charles of Roumanla. He is
the oldest son of the crown prince of Roumania,
who is tho nophew of the aged king and queen
Roumanla Is slightly mora civilized than Servia,
but the Roumanians seized some of Bulgaria's
spoils of war recently and the. fierce Bulgarians
will come some
day seeking ven
reputation Is fair
ly good yet, yet
'twould bo a love
less match, little
to the taste of
a twentieth cen
The girlish Ma
rie, third daugh
ter of Nicholas,
has been rumored
to be a sacrifice to Russian diplomatic relations
i with Greece. She was to marry Prince Boris, oldest
son of the king of Bulgaria. She Is fourteen and
he seventeen yet this Is considered none too
young by the diplomats when the friendship of
two countries Is to be cemented.
Little Anastatla Is still too young even for
rumors. The czar, sore perplexed over the prob
lem of tho elder three, already sees her as an
added difficulty, In the distance.
The czarlnatis little help to him. The constant
. attempts on the life of her. husband, the almost
dally conspiracies within tho palace, the menac
ing of the lives of herself and the children, the
disastrous war with Japan, the exposure of tho
scoundrellsm of the czar's near relatives, the out
break of a bloody revolution and her strained re
lations with , the czar himself, have tended to
unbalance her mind.
Her own is a marriage of convenience. Sho
lived with her brother as a girl and her sur
roundings were anything but happy. She was
treated In an off-handed way in St Petersburg
on visits Uiere before her marriage. The Idea
of a German marriage was not popular In Russia.
However, the advice of Queen Victoria of Eng
land, who was anxious for her granddaughter to
accept the brilliant match thus offered her, and
the fact of strained relations with her brother,
combined to prevail upon .her and she finally con
sented to become tho bride of Nicholas Alexan
derovltch. Today Bhe would probably have refused. Much
history would have to be rewritten had princesses
always been as Independent as they are now.
FAT MEN UNPOPULAR NOW
FIRST FIRM OF WOMEN ARCHITECTS
Schenck & Mead is the name of the latest firm In tho field of architecture
to swing its shingle before the eyes of New Yorkers. Tho members of the
firm are Miss Anna Pendleton Schenck and Miss Marcla Mead. Both are very
BeriouB about their work and are meeting with considerable success.
The slim figure Is In the ascendancy. Even the
great of the earth cannot afford altogether to dis
regard the dictates of the fashion which decrees
that all men and all women shall present to the
world tho outlines of spare severity, says tho
London Saturday Review. Tho kaiser and Mr.
Taft have both found it necessary to go in for a
process of weight reduction. It would be Inter
esting if some student of manners would trace
with precision the process whereby what thinking
people call "embonpoint" came into general dis
credit. Fat Is now regarded as an indiscretion,
and almost as a crime. Only the very strong
minded dare to be fat at all, and there are few
Indeed who glory In corpulence.
There wero some ages, Indeed, 'when few were
in position to cast a stone at the plump man.
The eighteenth century, especially, seemed to run
to over-nourishment. Ruminative repletion Is the
prevailing expression In the portraits of the
period; and the majestic swagger of corpulence
Is visible In the rolling periods of Gibbon, Burke,
JohnBon and the rest, not excluding theologians.
Their eloquence seems early dinners; their Batlre
suggests tho twinges of gout.
Tho tradition lasted well Into the nineteenth
century. Dickens nearly always treated tho fat
man at least the benevolent fat man with af
fectionate respect. His Pickwick and Cheerybles
teem to reflect the convictions that stoutness is
not only a natural but a rather laudable condi
tion for the elderly. And when Tony Weller de
clared that "vldth and visdom go together" he
was merely condensing into an epigram the very
common English Idea that native sagacity was to
be found In Its perfec
tion In alliance with a
profile of pronounced
convexity. But now the
fat man has no defend
ers. The medical man
denounces him. Tho
tailor only makes him
a suit under protest.
The novelist gives him
no quarter. Tho dra
matist will allow him
no nice benevolent
parts; he Is only Intro
duced to look foolish.
The labor cartoonist
adopts him as a type of
Apropos of a rich
wife's desertion of a
poor husband, George
Ade said, at tho Chica
go Athletic club:
"The man without
means, artist or mu
sician or,wbat not, who
marries a rich girl,
earns his money. He's
got to stand around, or
biff out he goes.
"A young magazino
editor told me, Jubilant
ly, the other day that
he'd resigned his Job.
" 'I'm going to mar
ry,' he said, 'a girl with
an independent in
come.' " 'No,' I warned him,
'what you're going to
marry Is an income
with an independent
Liberia is the panacea that will cure
all ills from which tho black man suf
fers In this country, as well as In Af
rica. This Is at least the view ex
pressed by Bishop William H. Heard
of the African Methodist Episcopal
church, who returned to his home in
Philadelphia after six years' residence
In tho republic of Liberia.
Bishop Heard was United States
minister resident and consul general
under Presidents Cleveland and Mc
Klnley from 1895 to 1899. It was dur
ing theso years that ho became con
vinced and strongly advocated that the
best way to solve the problem of race
antagonism In this country was the de
portation of tho American negroes to
Liberia. Of this fact he Is equally san
guine today, and he claims his idea
is strengthened by the rapid growth
and progress made by the people of Li
beria along educational and Christian
The object of the present visit of
Bishop Heard to this country 1b to
completo plans for the establishment
of a largo and moro thoroughly
equipped industrial school modeled
after tho one of which Booker T. Wash'
Ington Is the head at Tuskegee, Ala,
In speaking of his plans, Bishop Heard
After yoars of contact with tho na-
tlvo African, what ho needs most to
day in order to civilize him is not so
much Bible theory as practical manual
training and to be taught tho dignity
of labor. Liberia has a population of
2,000,000 natives, foreign-born negroes
from America and tho West Indies In
cluded In this number. Thirty thou
sand are civilized and about 2,000
"For an industrial school like that of
Hampton or Tuskcgeo no race appeals
so strongly to the Christian world as
the natives of Africa for this sort of
aid Christian education and to no
people do they make this appeal with
bo strong a right as to the Afro-American.
No race was ever so plainly
marked to help the natives of Africa
God never moro plainly designated two
classes to march together band in
hand to tho working out of their own
"Tho'longer the conversion of Africa
is delayed, tho harden and slower it
will be In the end for the church of
Christ to do Its best and most effective
work. Hence I deem it our duty here
in America to do that work. The na
tives of Liberia less than a century ago
were like tho aboriginal Indians In
"Civilization may mean either his
continued enlightenment or ruin. The
only thing that can Bave him is Chris
tianity and Industrial education, and
this Is what Is Intended to be given
the native African in the Industrial
school, which has already been es
tablished at Freetown, in charge of
Rev. Harvey C. Knight, an Afro-American,
graduate of Lincoln university.
"The school, although under the
management of the African Methodist
Episcopal church, Is being encouraged
and receiving some little support from
the Llberlan government. The school
Is an absolute necessity. We are train
ing the natives to become Instructors,
for they have an advantage In teaching
tho African, as there are several dia
lects spoken which are difficult for the
foreigner to master Intelligently. This,
you see, Is an advantage over outsido
missionary workers, and to this diffi
culty tho native Is tho key."
SELF-SACRIFICE FOR NAUGHT
Early Experience of New York Lawyer
Has Almost Convinced Him
of Its Futility.
"I heard a cynlo talking on the fu
tility of self-sacrifice the other night,"
said a New York lawyer. "I didn't
ngreS with his conclusions, but his
theme Recalled on incident in my
youth that was certainly 'a case Id
point on his tide. 1
"When Iwas a ypungster the. dog-
faced boy was in his prime. We lived
In the county seat of a county up
stat,o. My only sister always my
great pet and I were Intensely oiclt.
ed when we heard that tho lad with
the canine countenance was to come
to our town.
"Wo had saved up all our pennies
and when the boy arrived wehad
twenty-five, Wo figured tho admis
sion would be ten cents and we would
have a nickel over for candy for
whatfreoeing a dog-faced boy without
candy to ,chow. while storing?
"Well, the boy arrived and we went
down to the tent where he was being
(displayed. To our horror the admis
sion was 25 cents. We puzzled long,
but the, troglo conclusion was always
the same only one of us could go In.
So, with tender fingers, I drew forth
thq 25 pennies nod la a voice husky
with the emotion of disappointment I
said: 'Here, Dot, you go In. I don't
mind, and you can tell mo all about
him when you come out'
"My sister protested, but finally
went, In five minutes sho was back;
I was all eagerness to hear every de
tail of the famed face.
"'How was he how was he, Dotl
What did ho look like? It he a really
truly dog? Tell me quick,'
"Dot gazed at mo andher Hp quiv
ered. 'Oh, Jack,' she said, 'when I got
In I woe so scared I couldn't look at
Whllo tho colored people of tho
Chesapeake basla are gradually grow
ing Into a landed class, even many of
the landless majority have acquired
personal property of various kinds.
Some own their village homes, and it
is believed that about halt tho colored
farm laborers In Delaware own horses
and carriages. In the bargain Btruck
'for wages between the white farmer
and the colored farm laborer, it Is a
very common thing for the farmer to
undertake the feeding and bousing of
the laborer's horse at a chargo of
about $2 per month to be taken out
of the wages, which may be from
$20 to $25 a month, with board and
lodging. On Saturday night the col
ored people crowd Into the Delaware
villages, many of them bringing their
wives and children in their own con
veyances, and making purchases for
the week to come.
There aro few regions in the United
States where comfortable living Is so
cheap as It Is In the tidewater area of
the Chesapeake basin. Here for 6,000
or S,000 square miles all the Inhabi
tants are within easy reach of perhaps
the richest waters In the world. Fish,
oysters, clams and for much of tho
year aquatic game blrdB of many
kinds, to say nothing of the muskrat,
sold for food as "marsh rabbit," are
amazingly plentiful, whllo employment
in tho industries dependent upon the
tidal waters Is almost continuous and
extremely well paid.
"You don't believe I.Jovo you?" sho
said. And she pressed him for his ap
awcr, Ohio State Journal.' ,
How big the negro department, or
Nashville Institute, is likely to bulk In
tho regeneration of the South Is plain
when we realize that negro churches
have to date absolutely divorced re
ligion from social service, writes Mary
Bronson Hartt In the Boston Trans
cript. A negro theological student
gets Greek and Hebrew and systematic
theology enough to enable him to
shine as a professor In a divinity
school; but not one hour's training is
given hhn In sociology, public hygiene
or any topic fitting him to deal with
the acute problems of the salvation of
his race. Two negroes die of pre
ventable disease for every white man.
Yet the religious leaders of the people
have made no capital of "Cleanliness
next to godliness."
The social clinic of Nashville Instl
tute sends its students into the field a3
a part of their course. A kindergarten
and milk depot are maintained at the
school, and students of nursing, sanl-
tatlon and home economics go out Into
tho negro quarter to study and to
In a recent lecture was shown a sig
niflcant photograph of a negro hovel
of the worst ramshackle type, set In a
vilely insanitary dooryard, bo close
under the shadow of the finest negro
church in Nashville that the beautiful
stone tower fills the background of Uie
picture. In the dooryard stands a
negro student from the new school for
negro workers, himself a clergyman,
dramatically dissertating upon the
sanitary dangers of rubbish and urging
the reformation of the cluttered door
yard. For years the church had looked
down, serenely on that hovel, satisfied
with emotional fervor and quite una
ware of its criminal neglect of life.
The best thing to do Is your best.
It Is a flno thing the negro leaders In
Kansas City aro undertaking In bring
ing together their various charities in
a federation. Tho charities which
they sustain are highly creditable to
tho energy and self-sacrifice of the col
ored people themselves. There is very
great need for all these Institutions.
Much of the work they do Is preventive
in character. Consider, for instance,
the wholesomo effect of the domestic
science school which Mrs. T. H. W.
Williams has instituted In her own
home, which has trained 366 negro
girls. With tho various organizations
federated, so they can avoid duplica
tion of effort and co-operato more ef
fectively, their efficiency and Influence
In the community must be greatly In
creased. Kansas City Star.
Tho highest determined point In
Florida Is Mt. Pleasant, 302 feet above
sea level, according to the United
Geological Survey. Tho approximate
average elevation of the state Is 100
feet abovo the sea.
In England there are at least three
farms devoted to tho cultivation of
butterflies and moths.
Henry Clay Folger, Jr., Is said to
havo one of tho finest collections of
Shakespeariana in the United States.
He recently became tho owner of the
late Sir Edward Dowden's Shakes
pearean library, comprising some two
thousand volumes. .Book collecting is
Mr. Folgcr's avocation; In the busi
ness world he is known as the presi
dent of the Standard Oil Company of
The wife of an old soak rarely
seems to realize that others ore wise,
Unlimited Picture Machine.
Professor Cranz has lately submit
ted to the German Physical society a
machine which allows the taking of
pictures at the rate of 100,000 a sec
ond. This enormous limit is higher
than anything which has been previ
ously done. Machines aro on the
market. which allow pictures taken at
the rate, of 5,000 a second.
Professor' Cranz goes so far as to
say that' this limit la. not fixed, but
that the number can still be greatly
Increased It 'It Is found necessary.
Gathering and selling acorns Is a
new Industry In Arkansas to supply
eastern nursery firms with material
for forest planting.
Kansas City schools have shortened
study days one hour.
The patrons of the negro public
schools in the vicinity of Elllcott
City, Md., have asked that the board
of the Howard county school commis
sioners increase their teachers' sal
aries and make certain changes in
the manner of conducting their
schools. In addition to Increased pay
for their teachers they ask that they
be paid monthly, Instead of quarterly
as at present. They also ask that
colored trustees for the schools be
dropped, and that the school board
take charge of selecting their teach
ers and conducting their schools.
The colored petitioners also urge
the establishment of a negro indus
trial school at Alpha, where the col
ored people own a tract of land. They
would raise $500 toward the cost of
the erection of the building. If tho
school should be built and meet with
the approval of the state board of edu
catlort, $1,500 would come from the
state treasury for Its use.
Criminals Will No Longer Be Sent to
Colony but Will Be Imprisoned Near
Scene of Their Crime and
The world moves In Russia, pen
haps not at as rapid a gait as In moro
favored lands, but still It moves. Rus
sia may not bo gaining the clvlc-pc-lltfcal
level of other great European
nations by "gigantic strides," but It
is taking long steps forward. Recent
ly Its government has Instituted pris
on reforms, which, when In full opera
tion, will deprive tho term "exiled to
Siberia" of its currency. When Rus
sia has completed the great system of
modern, up-to-date prisons which it
Is now planning, criminals will no
longer be sent to Siberia. They will
be Imprisoned near the scene of their
crime and will be usefully employed
either at some trade or calling or on
public works while serving their sen
tences. In a word, their condition will
be similar .to that of convicts in most
European prisons. Tho British system
has been chosen as Russia's model.
and as Britain more than half a cen
tury ago gave up dumping criminals
into Australia, bo Russia in 1913 de
termined not to penalize Siberia wlta
swarms of murderers, robbers and tha
small fry of lawlessness.
In coming to tho conclusion that
"Criminal exile" to Siberia no longer
pays Russia has been assisted by tho
criminal exlleB themselves. The Rus
sian criminal code Is the reverse of
Draconic. Only treason felony is pun
ishable with death. For murder and
other felonies "criminal exile" to Si
beria has been the commonest form of
punishment. The theory of tho law
has been that when the sentence of
tho "criminal exile" In Siberia had ex
pired he would settle down on tho
tract of land awarded him. Russia
dreamed that tho convicts in Siberia
would follow the example of thoso
sent to Australia, and become in time-
a thriving population. The practise
was different. The convicts took the
land and then took "French leave."
The return to Russia was not diffi
cult, and in so vast an area it was
easy for the refugees to secure con
cealment and sympathy. Russia never
used the death penalty to deter 'es
cape from "criminal exile," thereby re
fusing to take a leaf from the British
The failure of the Russian experi
ment has been complete. Siberia has
made great progress, but not by tho
"criminal exile" system. The "political
exiles," men and women of superior
character and ability, have developed!
Siberia to the point of prosperity It.
has attained. They would have accom
plished much moro had there been no-
"criminal exiles" to bother them by
their vice and their general shiftless
ness. Today "exile to Siberia" is no
longer inflicted on political offenders.
Those who think aloud thoughts tho
government condemns are sent to un
dergo cooling incarceration in Russia.
The czar's government still possesses,
a power similar to that the Bourbons.
In old times exercised by "lettres de
cachet" Its "executive decree" Is suf
ficient to consign a political offender
to prison, without trial and without,
appeal. So long as this relic of bar
barism survives the Russian code will
be viciously unlike the codes of Eu
ropean nations, but the progress of
prison reform gives ground for hope
for progress in individual freedom.
The abolition of "criminal exile" to
Slberia ought to send more sunshine
into the lives of the Siberians. Siberia,
though but sparsely populated for its.
area, Is by no means "a great lone
land." It has a population of between
8,000,000 and 9,000,000, and at least
one of Us cities has passed the 100,
000 mark, with others pressing it
close. The schoolmaster If not exactly
abroad In Russia, is becoming active.
There aro in the public schools or
Siberia not far from 300,000 children,
almost as many as are found In the
schools of Russian Poland. Railroads'
have opened up Siberia, its products
reach European marts, notably Its but
ter, which commands ready sale. Al
together there 1b a boom on in Si
beria, and its progress will be ac
celerated by tho removal of the stig
ma which has given a region not
unfair In Itself a black mark In the
political geography of the world.
The Philippine Bureau of Forestry
reports that American and European
lumbermen are trying to procure large
and regular shipments of Philippine
woods, mainly for cabinet making.
How greatly hunting enters Into
British social life Is shown by the
fact that there are, according to a re
cent computation, 456 recognized
packs of hounds In the United King
dom. Of these, England haB 364
packs, Ireland 75 packs and Scotland
17 packs. In round numbers, tho
packs which hunt the fox and deer
total some 9,000 couples of .hounds,
while ot harriers and beagles there
are 3,500 couples.
None but very handsome women
should take a chance on using slang.
Bodies moving at marvelous speed
can ,be photographed In flight. Foi
Instance, the pistol shot can be caught
and followed as far as the camera
lens can reach. Infinite possibilities
seem to be opening up along the mov
ing picture line-If this high-speed pho
tography can be practically carried
Dolly .Thought. , ,
A blessed companion is a book a
book that fitly chosen Is a lifolonc
friend. Douglas -'errold.
The Jurors filed Into the Jury-box.
and after all the 12 seats were filled;
there still remained one Juror stand
"If the court please," said the clerk,
"they havo made a mistake and sent
us 13 JurorB Instead of 12. What do.
you want with this extra one?"
"What Is your name?' asked the
Judge of the extra man.
"Joseph A. Bralnes," he replied.
"Mr. Clerk," said tho Judge, "take
this man back to the Jury commission
ers and tell them we don't need him
as wo already have hero 12 men with
out Bralnes." Tho Green Bag.
Cheers Replace Grog.
For years it has been the tradition
al custom ot the czar of Russia to
drink the health of the troops after
reviews and parades. Emperor NIch
olas has Just intimated to the min
ister of war that this custom is now
abrogated, but that the commander oi
the troops ia authorized to propose
cheers for the czar and other mem
bers ot the imperial family.
"Don't you sometimes .regret your
retirement from official Ufa?"
"Well," replied the man who used)
to be great, "It is a little dishearten
ing to find all the humorous stories'
formerly associated with me coming
out with another man's name attached)
to them." v n ' - ,
Forced on Hm ", -
"What a flno library you 'havo!
"Yes," replied Mr. Cumrox, "Thp
architect said the house wouldn't tt
complete without one." ,