Newspaper Page Text
" 1 V
REALLY WORK OF ART
J F EVERY man, woman and child In the
United States would refrain from oat
Ing real, the meat problem in this coun
try would bo solved within ten years.
Evory year there are 10,000,000 calves
j killed in tho United Statos. It requires
6 iwo years for a calf to become a mar
ketable beef. If Uncle Sam were to bring about a
two-year recess In.the venleating habit of his sub
jects, there cortainly would bo a roduction In tho
cost of meat. If every person In every land were
to deprive themselves of this luxury for a period
of ten yeaip we would have tho greatest supply of
meat in the history of the world.
The United Statos census of 1909 shows that
. 6.600,662 calves were killed that year. The Shoe
and Leather Iteporter of Boston, which Is an au
thority on the number of calf Bklns used by the
tanners, and tho skins from nil calves killed in
the United States must eventually reach that end,
estimates that the lncreaso each year in the num
ber of calves killed in the past ten years amounts
to from seven per cent to ten per cent Therefore,
the number killed in 1912 would be 9,000,000, and
in 1913, or last year, 9,600,000. These figures are
obtained from statistics from all' killing points in
the United States.
Of course, for every calf that is killed it means
one less full-grown steer
or cow, and for each of
these that we lose It
means approximately 800
pounds of meat.
In 1907 the United
States census reports 72,
600,000 cattle, Including
calves, in this country, and
In 1913 the figures show
56.600,000, a decrease of
10,000,000. With an in
crease of from seven per
cent to ten per cent in the
number ot calves killed
each year, resulting In 9.
600,000 in 1913, It is evi
dent that this is tho larg
est factor In bringing
about tho decrease In our
cattle population, and one
can only guess what the
results will be In a few
years more if tho present
conditions are continued.
The causes for these conditions are many: the
principal one, however, is the demands from the
dairying districts which require milk" for butter
and cheese, as well as for daily consumption, and
the' farmer must nnturally gat rid. of the young
calf as; soon aajjpossible if he expects to obtain
the mother's milk for these purposes. Therefore,'
as soon as the calf is old enough it Is sold to
The average weight of a veal calf Is 140
poundX which If permitted to live and attain its
full growth at, say two years, would weigh 1,000
pounds, a gain of 860 pounds, and if we were to
save half of the calves that are now killed it
would be a saving of 4,000,000,000 pounds per
annum, and after figuring the loss In by-products
this would produco about 2,000,600,000 pounds of
'beef, vor about twenty-eight pounds to each per
son in the United States, to say nothing ot the
natural gain in money value.
Therefore the economic question involved, and
It Is one that affects our whole population. The
pathetic side does not appeal to many, but also
haB its adherents'. There are thousands of calves
killed weekly in thlB city, all under one year old.
After that they are classed as cattle.
The usual age of a calf Is about four to six
weeks, and the little four-week-old white calf in
the picture was taken away from Its mother, ex
pressed to the commission man and was sold to
A national law which' should prevent the kill
ing of calves in order that they may grow up
into beef animals, thereby increasing the supply
of beef, was ' advocated recently by Dr. L. H.
Bailey, formerly director of the New York State
College of Agriculture, in the course of an ad
dress on the subject which he delivered at Ithaca,
"It is the common assumption that we are
now suffering under a shortage of beef," said Dr.
Bailey. "There have been many suggestions
looking toward the increasing of the supply. To
a certain type of mind, the simplest way of regu
lating or overcoming an economic law Is by an
act of the legislature. Therefore it is proposed
that congress shall make it a misdemeanor tor
a farmer to kill his calveB, thereby allowing them .
to mature into beef animals. It becomes a most
Interesting problem as to whether congress, would
be successful in compelling a man to keep an
animal when It Is unprofitable for him to do so,
or when tho keeping ot It would not combine
with his plan ot) fanning. I think that there
ought also to bo a law compelling farmers to
have their hens lay eggs In November and De
"The reason why farmers kill their vealB is
wholly economic. It does not pay them to raise
tho animals to maturity. Feed Is too high-priced
In the main dairy regions. The feeding season
is long. It may pay a man better to put his feed
into milk In such regions. Sometimes it pays
better to kill the calves at birth than to try to
feed them even to the veallng age. No legisla
ture can compel a man to conduct his personal
business operations at a sacrifice or a loss. It
Is possible in some cases that a reorganization
of a farming business might enable a farmer to
raise moro animals to maturity, but this Is a mat
ter that lies without the province of law.
"For myself I wish that there was less eating
of veal and that tho people would regulate their
desires in this regard. Years ago there was a
season when we ate veal. This season was per-
hapB two months. There was also a season when
we ate oysters, and fresh codfish, and green peas,
and tomatoes. Now we want anything or every
thing every month in the year. We are forget
ting what the year means to us, and we are also
losing the great economic advantage of buying
in season and of buying intelligently. Probably
veal is usually inferior to mature meat In nutri
tive value; but I am less concerned In this aspect
of the case than in the fact that $ve are losing
the meaning of the months. Less demand for
veal would do more than any law toward cor
recting some of our difficulties; but oven so, the
farmer will not raise the mature animal unless
it pays him to do so.
"I think that much could be done to stimulate
the production of beef by providing for local
manipulating and manufacturing establishments.
Wo have developed local co-operative creameries,
co-operative grain elevators, shipping associa
tions, evaporating establishments and others. I
should like to see the development ot local
slaughter houses. In charge of the raisers of
meat, In all the localities in which it can pay to
raise beef and other meats. The Industry un
doubtedly can be stimulated and encouraged and
tho farmer would have more control, both of his
output and of his market, and have moro confi
dence in his business. I think that a.co-opera-tlve
slaughter house In which the farmers them
selves would bo Interested Is better so far as
production is concerned than a municipal slaugh
ter house, which Is more or less removed from
the control and sympathies of tho men who pro
duce the supplies. Of course, the slaughter house
should be rigidly inspected, but this can bo done
as well under one establishment as under the
"The legal aspects of this proposed veal leg
islation I should think would bo very Interesting.
It Is a question whether It is within the power
of congresB or any legislature to enact such a
law. The federal government, as I understand It,
ppssesses no general police power. It probably
could not prevent the killing of veals except
when intended for Interstate commerce; and It
would then have to be shown that there was
some other reason than mere economic ad
vantage. "It Is a question whether such legislation would
be a violation of the guarantee against the taking
of property without due process; and it is not
only a question of tho taking of property, but
also of the internal economic regulation of a
man's business, modifying his farm scheme as
far as the raising of food Is concerned, the em
ployment of labor, the buying of feed, and the
shifting of the business in general. To raise
beef cattle Is one business; to raise milk is an
other business; veal Is mostly a product ot the
milk business. Probably much can be done to
modify the present order of things and to in
crease the beef supply on the farm In many parts
of the United States, but it must be done with
an understanding of the farm business, the size
of the farm, and of the locality or region In
which It pays to raise beef rather than to raise
DEVELOPING THE HEIFER
PHOF. J. A. M'CLEAN,
Department Animal Husbandry, Massachusetts State Agricultural College. t
Improvement in the dairy can be achieved only
by raising and developing heifers into cows that
are superior to their mothers. The proper selec
tion of the sire is one of the greatest Influences
In the Improvement of the herd, but of equal Im
portance is the growing and developing of tho
young things after they are born, for the best
bred calf may develop Into a scrub cow if It re
ceive scrub treatment.
Granting that the calf Is born right, due care
must be taken particularly during Its first three
months. For the first twenty-four hours, let it
suck its mother. This is better for both the cow
and the calf. After the first day remove the
.youngster from Its mother and tor at least ten
days feed upon whole milk. If the calf Is doing
well at the end of that time skim milk may grad
ually be substituted for the whole milk, till by the
end of three weeks the calf Is entirely upon skim
milk. As soon as the calf will begin to eat grain
feed a mixture ot bran, corn and crushed oats
mixed In equal parts by weight, allowing? it to
havo as much as It will clean up twice a day.
The skim milk should be continued until six
months ot age, although the amount should never
greatly exceed 16 pounds per day.
At about six weeks ot age calvs generally be
gin to eat roughage, and It 1 very important to
furnish them with as much roughage of excellent
quality as they will eat, for hay of grass Is nec
essary tor the proper development of the colt.
We want our dairy cows to have great digestive
capacity; to get this they must begin early to eat
good hay. There Is no better hay than alfalfa. ot
high quality. Where It Is not obtainable mixed
clover hay or rowen will be found most excellent.
To the above feeds add healthful conditions such
as comfortable, moderately warm quarters, fresh
air, cleanliness, sunlight (clean feed palls and
feed troughs or buckets aro absolutely essential)
and exercising opportunities and ' at the end of
six months the heifer should have 1 made an ex
Most calves are dropped In the spring of the
year; yet I believe better results are obtained If
the heifers dropped in the early fall are kept for
the herd, for calves dropped then are nearly bIx
months old when grass comes and aro then
large enough to withstand flies and other sum
mer troubles and can make the best usa of the
grass. Spring calves will do as well if kept In
the stables during the first' summer, for, like chil
dren, they are subject to slight disorders, which
although not serious should not be neglected.
A DEFICIENT FAD.
"So -you don't approve of this dancing craze?"
"The only thing I have against It," replied Mr.
Growcher, "is that It doesn't go far enough. It
hasn't yet enabled a man to get up In the morn
ing nnd go tangoing to work with the samo elastic
step he displayed the night before."
A MEAN 8LAM.
"You keep trying to sell your poetry, I see."
"Do you disapprove of that?" '
"No; but why not secure the agency for a good
egg beater or vacuum cleaner? Your' persistency
would win great success If you were peddling a
really meritorious article."
"Posterity will view your actions with discrimi
nating eyes." said the patriot.
"Some of it may," replied Senator Sorghum.
"But I suspect that a large percentage of poster
ity will be out looking at the moving pictures."
Recently there has been organized in
Nashville the only negro board ot trade
In the world, writes Michael Jones In
a communication to the Washington
Star. It serves as a beacon light and
stands as an ideal example of what
such an organization means to a com
munity In which there are colored men
engaged In business. . J, C. Napier, ex
register of the United States treasury,
Is president of the board, and through
nis master mind tho policies are ;
shaped and carried out. The young
and unparalleled organization is dem
onstrating how indtsponsable such a
body Is to the fullest and broadest
economic, religious and Intellectual
development of any town, city or coun
ty in which there are a goodly number
of colored citizens. Dr. Booker T.
Washington, whom the world honors
and reveres, who has been Invaluable
to the progress of his raco and who Is
an undisputed authority on negro life
In America, tells us that there are
owned, operated and controlled by ne
groes In America 100 Insurance com
panies, 300 drug stores, 65 banks, 450
newspapers, magazines and periodicals
and more than 20,000 other businesses
of various kinds.
These people are succeeding In busi
ness because they aro doing what the
world wants done. A review of these
facts will bring "visions ot a better fu
ture" to even the most pessimistic of
the race. How vivid It is that the
Afro-American's, problem Is one of per
sistence rather than one of existence
that nothing but success awaits him
it he will but have faith, endure for a
while and keep courage.
It is imperative and that soon
that he. In a much larger measure,
ceases to be employe and becomes em
ployer. Let there come from his
midst satraps of trade, kings of
finance, lords of Industry, railroad wiz
ards, steel czars and merchant princes.
Ninety negro millionaires could solve
about ninety per cent of the race problem.
Not only Is It ot vital Interest to this
whole municipality of Houston that Its
large negro population should acquire
that reasonable Intelligence which is
the fruit ot a good systum ot public
schools and thoso useful habits of sus
tained labor which will make them In
valuable In the growing Industrial en
terprises of Houston, but it is of equal
interest that the negro population
should live on sanitary streets and in
sanitary yards and homes and that
when stricken with disease they should
have access to a well planned and well
regulated hospital. Modern economists
and statisticians have demonstrated
that tho financial losses due to pre
ventable Illness reach an astounding
annual total among thoso employed In
the Industrial enterprises of the na
These statistics apply with force to
the colored population of the South
where the negro is a large Industrial
factor. Hence this movement for
negro hospital facilities la a timely
step In the right direction a step dic
tated by an enlightened scientific self
Interest on part of tho good white peo
ple as well as by the more unselfish
humanitarian and religious motives.
To my own people here, I would say,
"Seek to measure up to the oppor
tunity presented you In this great city,
along, all lines, industrial, commercial,
educational and religious. Let the col
ored ministers, physicians, teachers,
merchants, lawyers and sturdy labor
ing people who are the backbone ot
the race Join hands, heart and pocket
books to help push this negro hospital
movement to a successful conclusion.
Do your utmost. Sacrifice something
for the benefit of the race and the
good white people will do their part."
Ed Blackshear, In the Houston Post.
The American Genetic association
foresees a solution of the so-called
race problem In the natural Increase
of the two races as analyzed by Pro
fessor Wilcox of the census bureau.
Mr. Wilcox says the Negro Is stead
ily losing ground In the South both
by Immigration of whites and by
their own declining birthrate. They
are losing still more rapidly in the
The more rapid increase of the
whites 1b attributed not only to the
Influx ot Immigration, but to the fact
that in the regstratlon area where vi
tal statistics are available, Including
three-fifths of the whites and one-fifth
of the negroes, the negro death rate
exceeds the white by about two-thirds.
In the past 30 years the excess in the
proportion of negro children has been
falling until the present dlffernce be
tween the race Is less than one-fourth
that of 1880, and will, at tho present
rate, have disappeared when the next
census Is taken. This decline in the
birthrate Is ascribed largely to ne
pro emigration Into tho northern cit
ies. The birthrate among negroes in
the city is but two-thirds of city
whites, whereas in the country It Is
abovo the country whites. Besides the
fecundity of all races is lower in the
North and the negro trend northward
is constantly increasing.
H. P. Ewing, a negro farmer of
Wyandotte county, Kansas, has
evolved a plan that promises well for
the betterment of his race. A fanner
himself, he believes In the "back to the
soil" movement for his people.
The outcome ot his long cherished
plan is the successful launching ot
the Kaw Valley Truck Farm company,
Incorporated under the laws of Kansas,
with a capital stock ot $5,000, divided
into 500 shares of $10 value. The com
pany has leased 105 acres Just west
of Armourdale, has It all under cult!
vation and is now preparing to market
a crop of vegetables of all kinds that
will show results of scientific and in
For 35 years Ewing has been raising
crops In Wyandotte county, at one
time having 1,000 acres ot ground
planted wholly to potatoes. From his
years of experience he has evolved
Ideas that not only Increase his yield,
but enable him to market the' best
class of farm products. For example,
he has found that turnips furnish the
best fertilizer for potato ground.
"I find for this climate and soil that
the Red River Ohio potato is the best
seed to plant," he said In describing
his methods. "As soon as the crop is
harvested I sow the ground to turnips.
The best of these I harvest, tho bal
ance are plowed under, enriching the
soli and resulting In a better grade
of potatoes the following year. The
best time to market potatoes here Is
in July and August. Prices are bet
ter, as we do not have to compete
with the northern grown product."
ATTRACTED BY PRETTY FACE
'Japanese Drinking Saloons Realize
the Value of an Attractive'
Japanese saloons have tho Ameri
can nablt of always providing refresh
ments other than drinks for their
customers. They are not partial to
sandwiches; usually It la a dish of
herrings or octopus, and the price Is
three pen. It is seldom that a man
can get away from a srJoon without
spending at least 20 sen, which Is a
largo part of a poor man's dally wage.
It Is remarkable the world over
that men will patronize any establish
ment that can show a pretty face,
even though It be no more than a
picture on a cigar box. To place tho
picture of a protty girl on anything
la ttte very best advertisement. So
tho Japanese think, too) and what is
more, they prove. It. At these saloons,
in the EaBt end, there is always a
pretty girl assisting the matron of the
place; and Bhe is permitted to wait
on customers. Tho Japanese bar
maid has all the influence that her
counterpart has In the West Her
face is sufficient to make every passer-by
imagine he is thirsty; and when
she proposes to serve him, he never
refuses; and In the end he foots the
bill. The pretty maid can make even
the roughest customers feel tor the mo
ment that be la a gentleman, and
she Is e, fair lady come to do him
honor, Who could refuse to accept
so dellcte a favor from such dainty
hands, and under the light ot such
winning smiles? But once the wine
is finished and the money Is paid,
the relationship la at an end. An
other customer by this time is wait
Ing; and the last having had his
turn of conversing with. beauty, must
be content until thirsty again. Back
bo will likely come nextday, nnd
drink another glass to the health of
a fair faco, and then be off again
satisfied tor another day, And so It
goes on from day to day,- the prettj
face winning most, or much, of thi
Most of the licorice root used in
America comes from the marshy plains
of Turkey and Russia.
Discussing the condition of the col
ored Baptist churches in Chicago, the
leading church paper, the Standard,
"The need ot leaders Is fundamental.
The negro has a social passion tor or
ganization. He wants to start some
thing, or belong to' something already
started. There Is scarcely a field of
organization within his reach that he
has not covered straightforwardly or
surreptitiously. Many of these organi
zations, in the church and out ot It
fall. Perhaps more fall than succeed.
The failure, however, Is not due to the
lack of co-operation or Interest, but
rather to the lack of comprehension
and Intelligence in working it out
"They" are willing to try approved
methods, to copy successful organiza
tions, to imitate successful efforts;
but these are of little advantage un
less they are helped to secure such
trained leadership as will put them
in possession of the agents and the
assets which were the indispensable
factors In securing this success. It
seems obvious that we can be of real
help in training the men and women
who ore to be. In time, the leaders in
congregational life ot these churches."
The Saco (Me.) flro department has
a mascot In a cat which, because of its
markings. Is called Mackerel, The
cat was 'asleep on the pole of a hose
wagon when' an alarm rang in, and
was forced to cling to Its precarious
perch until tho fire was reached. It
had a wild ride, and as soon aB it had
a chance got oft and went back to the
The heart of a standing man beats
81 times a minute, of a sitting one 71
times. When a man is lying down It
beats are reduced to 6C a minute.
A Century Ago.
. One hundred years ago Gen. Thomas
Plnckney arrived at Fort Jackson to
assume command ot that post, which
was located on the Mississippi below
New Orleans and was now threatened
by the British. General Plnckney was
a noted soldier ot tho Revolution as
well as ot the War of 1812. He be
longed to one ot the oldest and, most
distinguished families ot South Caro
lina, and he himself had served as
governor of the state. President Wash
ington appointed him the first United
Austria has 74,267 miles of highway.
In 1910 the government expended $5,
C68.290 on roadway maintenance.
"Have faith In the white man. He
Is your friend."
Booker T. Washington, the negro
educator, offered this advice to mem
bers of his race In an address at At
lanta, Ga., before the annual negro
Christian Btudente' conference. He de
clared that notable progress In co-operation
between the races had been
made in the lost decade.
The speaker pleaded for the educa
tion of his race.
"By right living, obeying the laws
and showing due deference to evory
man, you will demonstrate to the
world what education makes out ot
the negro," said Doctor Washington.
A popular novelty recently intro
duced In France Is a cup so made as
to keep tea or coffee hot while the
user Is reading the morning paper be
tween sips. This is accomplished by
providing the cup with a double bot
tom Into which a slip of heated metal
can be placed. The liquid Is kept hot
for a period of about twenty minutes.
Many speeches are historical only
because, like history, they repeat
The value of Hungary's agricultural
returns does not depend on several
large crops or on tho products of cer
tain specified branches of agriculture-,
but rather on the great diversity of its
products, for there, is probably no
country In Europe In which so many
branches ot agriculture are carried on.
China proper has less than 0.4 mile
of open railway to evory 100 square
miles of territory, and, estimating the
population at 327,000,000, there is
0.18 mile of line to every 10,000 Inhabitants.
States minister to Great Britain. In
1794 he was sent from London to
Spain, where he arranged the treaty
by which the United States secured
the free navigation ot the Mississippi
river in 1796 General Plnckney was
honored with tha Federalist party
nomination for'p'reslden'of the United
"Father, what Is tho Prussian diet?"
"Rye bread and beer. Be quiet now,
will you?" Buffalo Express.
DELICIOUS WAFFLE MaV WELL
BE HOUSEWIFE'S PRIDE.
Requires Some Care and Time, But
Is 8ure to Delight the Guests at
Afternoon Tea or Other
By LIDA AMES WILLIS.
Some charming hostesses have dis
covered the possibilities ot the waffle
iron as a means of social enjoyment
and refection for their house or coun
try club parties.
The possessor ot an electric waffle
Iron, who has mastered the art ot mak
ing a dainty, tender delicious waffle,
may dispense these artistically Bhaped
pancakes to the delight of her guests,,
while they consume them pari passu
as they aro baked. For under no cir
cumstance must a waffle be kept wait
ing, as It deteriorates In both flavor
and texture by standing. If you havo
never eaten a really, truly delectablo
waffle, there Is one new and delightful
sensation In store for you. If you
had a Dutch grandmother, or hold la
your possession the favorlto gauffer re
cipe of a French provincial dame or
it by chance you hail from Dixie land,
you have your own chef-d'ouvro. Bnt
If waffles are not a part of your fam
ily culinary history you may make your
cholce from a long and varied list gath
ered from far and near. The waffle
probably had Its origin in the chaup
pattees or stonccako of the Hindoos,
an elementary preparation of flour for
human food, which developed with the
advance of civilization and culinary
art through various stages until It has
rcached the forms of girdle or griddle
cake which is similar to pancake, and',
the more epicurean and delicate -waffle
Cider With Waffles. This Is an ap
proved beverage to serve at a waf
fle party. It may be served from bot
tles, or mulled, or old-fashioned cider
cup, or as a sirup for the waffles. To.
make the sirup allow a pint of granu
lated sugar to n quart of rather hard)
cider and boil until the consistency ot
Other Components for the Waffles.
Lemon, sugar and butter, are con
sidered Indispensable. If these are
combined In lemon honey or lembn but
ter, which is spread over the waffle
as soon as it comes from the iron. It
will prove a daintier, quicker and more
satisfactory way than adding them
separately and running the risk of your
waffle growing cold before being eaten.
Variations of Waffle Batter. The va
riations aro numerous, but the impor
tant feature is to keep the batter fluid
so It will easily run smoothly over tho
waffle Iron. The rising ot waffles may
be effected by the addition of whipped!
white of egg or whipped cream to the-
batter as In fancy waffles and t he
French sweet gauffers.
Hlppen or Hlepen. These are trat
another form of the waffle or gauffers.
They are baked on small Irons, marked
with a fancy pattern but not honey
combed like the plain waffle Iron. The
same batter may be used, or their com
position may be moro that of an al
If you are an amateur or have sc
number to serve from one or two irons,
do not attempt any but plainer forms.
These, when properly compounded and'
baked nro quite delicious enough to
create good appetite with the eatinir
arid keep your Iron hot for a consid
erable length of time. Have a suffi
cient amount of batter made before
you begin your baking. It will keep
well In a cold place, unless you have
a maid who Is a waffle artist, to re
plenish the supply.
Cut a pound and a half of roundi
steak about a half Inch thick. Then
cut In pieces about six Inches long:
and four wide. Place on each piece
a large tablespoonful ot dressing
made of one cupful of stale bread
crumbs, one tablespoonful of chopped!
parsley, one tablespoonful of chopped'
onion browned, a halt teaspoonful ot'
salt and two generous dashes of pep
per. Roll up the beefettes and fasteiv
with wooden toothpicks. Put a table
spoonful of butter and a cuptul of ;wa
ter In a baking pan with the beefettes
and bake three-quarters of an hour In
a hot oven. Baste often and whem
done thicken the gravy, strain nnd
pour over the meat served on a hot
Remove skin and membrane from
one and a halt pounds ot lean veal.,
put through the meat grinder with a.
quarter of a pound of lean pork and'
six or eight soda crackers. Add two.
tablespoonfuls cream, one tablespoon
ful lemon Juice, halt a teaspoonful sajt..
half a teaspoonful popper and a few
drops of onion Juice. Mix thorough
ly, pack In a small bread pan
smooth the top evenly and bake one
and a halt hours, basting with two
tablespoonfuls pork fat mixed with two.
tablespoonfuls hot water. This Is n.
nice dish, either hot or cold.
This may be made from tho cooked
tomatoes left from yesterday's dinner
from canned or fresh, ones. IUse
stock from any meat for the founda
tion, put In tho tomatoes and cook up
thoroughly; season and serve wlthi
hot toasted crackers. Or another
recipe preferred by aome Is:
Boll a can ot tomatoes, strain, add a
belt level teaspoonful ot soda and put
on again to cook with a quart of milk,
butter the size ot a large egg; salt and'
pepper to taste. When this comes to
a boll remove from the fire and serve
at onco with hot crackers.
One and ono-halt pints pink beans.,
one large onion, one can tomatoes, red
peppers-to taste. Soak beans, after
thorough washing, over night. In the-i
morning fry the onion ln,'ollvo".ollor
butter until slightly brown, adding the
soft Inside of three or four large pep
pers, or enough cayenne to suit tho
taste; salt well and add the enn of
tomatoes; add this to the beans and)
bake three or tour hours. Add a smalls
piece of salt pork or bacon It dealreA.