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MPEROR WILLIAM highly pleased
tho democratic element which la
anxious ho should make It possi-
, olo for them to remain loyal to
him, by his gracious consent to
tho morganatic marriage of Prince
Oscai, Ills fifth son, and the
Bprlghtly Countess lna von Basse-witz-LevItz.ow,
the empress' maid'
Indeed the recent history of Eu
ropean royalty would lead to tho belief that the
mysterious theory of "equal birth" Is rapidly
breaking down. Since beautiful Princess Sophia
of Soxe-Welmar killed herself because shewas
restrained from wedding a simple nobleman the
disintegrating tendency has been still stronger.
Probably the greatest single factor in breaking
down the walls of Hohenzollern tradition of ex
cluslveness is the curious position of Queen Mary
She Is the granddaughter of a Gorman mor
ganatic marriage. Her grandfather, son of Duke
Alexander of Wurtemburg, renounced his royal
rank to contract a morganatic union with- the
Polish Countess Claudlne von Rhody. He was
then created prince and duke of Teck.
So tho Tecks do not belong to the "higher no
bility" of Germany. This class includes only
those who hold the title under the holy Roman
empire. If Princess Mary of Teck had remained
in Germany- she could only have been the mor
ganatic wife of even the youngest son of a reign
ing. German family.
Indeed, her marriage with a member of a fam
ily which had once reigned, but long ago lost its
possessions, would have been morganatic.
By this quaint theory of "equal birth," a mar
quis, or even a duke may not have the "equal
birth" of a plain count, supposing the count' fain
tly Is In the musty old list of the holy Roman
empire and the duke and marquis are not
The Inconsistency of the "equal birth" theory
was once admitted' with much sang frold by
Kaiser Prledrlch, father of the present emperor,
according to an anecdote widely quoted. A coun
try gentleman of the lowest rank was discussing
families with Friedrich and finally exclaimed: "I
can't say I' understand all these rules, but I claim
my family Is .quite as good as the IHohenzollerns!"
- "Very true," quoth, tho kaiser, "but the Haben
zollerns have got on faster!"
Perhaps the better standing of "unequal mar
riages" Is to be attributed to the almost uniform
felicity of such matches. Two non-royal mar
riages in the English reigning family, -that of
Queen Victoria's daughter Louisa to the late duke
of Argyll and of King George's sister Louise to
the duke of Fife, turned" out most auspicious to
the parties directly Involved and at the same
time did much to build up the present good feel
ing between the English rulers and their people.
In Germany Frederick William II, king of Prus
sia from 1744 to 1797, bought off his royal wife to
agTee to a separation so he could morganatlcally
marry Fraulein von Voss, a maid of honor to -his
daughter. Princess Frederick. Saying It was sim
ply a matter of state, tho king's father-in-law, the
old duke of Brunswick, actually arranged the
separation of his. royal daughter and the mor-
ganatic marriage with
her rival. There was
little romance about
this transaction, but
the king proved hap
pier with his mor
ganatfc wife than be
had been with his
mate of "equal birth."
So eager was Prince
Constanco of Hohen
zollern to marry mor
ganatlcally tho daugh
ter of Baron Schenk
that he abdicated the
governorship of the
zollern In 1850 in fa
vor of the. king of
Prussia. The king
graciously created, the
of Rothenberg and
"they lived happily
The same year
Prince Adalbert of
Prussia, for whom the
present kaiser's third
son is named, made-a morganatic match with the
famous German dancer, Theresa Elsser, who had
been created baroness' of Barn'lm.
Then there is tho famous struggle of Duke
George II of Saxe-Melnlngen to secure recog
nition for his wife, who was Ellen Franz, a pop
ular Shakespearean actress. She was the daugh
ter of an Englishwoman and a Naumberg school
master. On their wedding day in 1875 or imme
diately thereafter, every one of the court digni
taries and all the ministers of state resigned.
All Borts of downright Insults were heaped upon
WHERE EMERALDS COME FROM
Where do they come from those flashing
tones of pure, pellucid green that often form
tho central ''setting1 of "beauty's choicest ' gem's?"
Diamonds 'form but satellites when that rarest
of Jewels, a perfect emerald,- flashes Its fire or
lends Its sheen to the Jewel-lncrusted crown of
royalty. Its birth is hidden in the mystery of
nature's alch,emy, but its beauty and charm have
been recognized from the very dawn of history.
Emernlds (lashed on the shield 6f Aaron;' the
Ptolemies of Egypt treasured them, and their
lapidaries, knew the art of engraving on their
hard surfaces the mystic symbols, of their ancient
faith; the Theban tombs revealed choice emer
nlds among their long-burled treasures, while
Herculaneum and Pompeii have added their quota
to tho greed of modern excavators. Nero, that
half-mad monster who ones ruled the destinies'
of Rome, used an enormous emerald for a mono
cle, and in tho filmy "fabric of- the gownsr of
Cleopatra emeralds shone In verdant luster, '
ML- Zabarah, In Upper Egypt, is said to -have,
been the source of many of these' ancient' gems,
but centuries have passed since these proUfta
mines were exhausted, and modern Jeweler's must
now depend upon the western hemisphere for
In the spells Plzarro sent to Spain were found
the first fine specimens of American emeralds,
and thus was revealed another source of the
manifold wealth of the new world. Perhaps tho
most valuable single emerald found In modern
times Is tho one In that famous collection of
gems owned by the duke of Devonshire.
It is said to be a perfect hexagonal "crystal,
weighing 'elgh't ounces. and 18 pennyweights, and
two inches long.- It ca'ma from tho mines of
Colombia, and it is this South American republic
that furnishes the greatest supply of fine emer
alds known to the world today,
Not that Colombia is the only country that has
emerald: mines. Ecuador and Peru have contrib
uted their share to tho world's supply, and In
the former country the city of Esmeraldas (Span
ish for emeralds) takes its name from the pre
cious stones found In the vicinity. Among the
Aztec treasures of Mexico were found emeralds
as. fine as those of the Peruvian Incas, and It is
reported that Cortez was offered 40,000 ducats for
one pf the gems ho gathered from tho hoard of
In some areas of the United States limited
quantities of the precious stones are found, but
the 'gems of greatest beauty and value are to
be had from the Muzo and Cosquez deposits near
Bogota, the capital of Colombia.
"You want my consent to marry my daughter?"
said Mr. Cumrox.
"I do," replied the young man.
"But my daughter says she wouldn't think of
marrying you." ' ,
"Still your consent would be a good recom
mendation for me with some other family,"
NO CHEAP GIRL.
the heads of the talented woman until
her tormentors received the well-de
served title, "souls of lackeys." The
colonel of a Prussian regiment sta
tioned In Mclnlngen forbade his of
ficers to greet the wife of the duke
(now a baroness) when she passed
them. The HobenzoRerns Ignored her.
By a curious coincidence on the day
when bis son publicly announced his
coming morganatic marriage the kai
ser for the first time cent a message
of friendly greeting to the wife of his
"cousin of Saxe-Meinlngcn," who that
day attained her seventy-fifth birthday.
But while the Uassewltzcs never
have had the privilege of "equal birth"
with royalty, they have held tho honor
of knighthood as far back as they can
be traced. Jt Is to- be noted that the
Bassewltzes were Jfpighta.la.Uio, days
when the ancestors of the Princess
Fugger was a master weaver in Augs
berg. Yet the Fuggcrs now have the
privilege of ''ebonburtlgkelt!"
The countess captivated the hearts
of all Germans who have met her, as
well as the members of the royal fam
ily, by her sparkling wit and by
her excellent singing voice.
"After Wilhelrn heard her singhe could not re
sist her," is the saying with regard to the re-'
moval of the kaiser's opposition. She Is not strlk'
Ingly beautiful, but her pleasing aopearance 'has
made her a brilliant' star In tho stodgy court of
the German empress. All the other women at
tached to the empress service have been in her
service Blnce the early days of her marriage and
either are, or are old enough to be grandmothers.
The countess' best friend in her lovo affair has
been the' Crown Princess Cecilte, whose brother
Is the grand duke of Meklenburg, of which the
countess' father Is minister of state. Coming
from the same place to Berlin, and with the same
vivacity, good looks and pleasure In pretty clothes
and piquant society, they naturally formed an al
liance against tho stiff and conventional sur
roundings. The day after the marriage of Prince Oscar and
Countess lna the royal bridegroom will confer a
settlement upon his wife. This la the "morgen
gabe" (morning gift), from which the term "mor
The marriage ceremony differs from the usual
custom in that the bride Joins her right hand to
the bridegroom's left hand (a token of their
unequal birth) and for this she cannot inherit the
estates of Her husband or receive his royal name.
Hence, the day after the marriage he bestows
a new title upon her, according to the arrange
ments of the state, and a financial settlement.
This morganatic marriage Is considered as
founding an entirely new family. The kaiser will
grant the family a new name and Prince Oscar
will bo paid a lump sum Instead of his princely
Morganatic marriages have from time to time
been attacked as equivalent to concubinage.
This is a mistake, for the whole system of mor
ganatic marriages,' has been built up by the
Protestant church to preserve th'e purity of the
marriagcurelatlon and at the same time preserve
the sanctity of royalty.
The royal bridegroom cannot, marry again in
the lifetime of his morganatic wife unless she Is
The children take the title and rank of the
mother, but they Invariably obtain high office
and rich emoluments from the royal family when
they are grown and, as la the case of the Tecks,
frequently marry into royalty.
"The farm is tho placo fdr the peo
plo of ray race," said II. P. Ewldg, In
referring to tho Kaw Valley Truck
Farm company. ' We aim to come to
Kansas City and hire our help. Men
who nro loafing around tbo street cor
ners now will bo given an opportunity
to earn good wages and also will bo
taught practical farming In all Its
"Wo are now employing nine men
at the farm and will have' employ
ment for CO when harvest time comes.
As fa9t as our capital will permit we
will lease other lancls, carrying out the
samo system in vogne at our present
location, which we call Farm No. 1.
Judge Sims of Kansas City, Kan., has
promised that he will parole to us
Borne of the negroes'-sentenced for mi
nor offenses, bo that we may make bet
ter men oi mem.
Among some of the Ideas Ewlng
hao put to practical use In his plan
for Intensive farming is In the rais
ing of spinach. This he drills in and
cultivates thoroughly, resulting In a
plant that commands a ready mar
ket. Between tho spinach rows he
plants tomato vines. In 20 days the
spinach is harvested and the tomato
plants are in shape to furnish another
good crop from the same piece of
In one plot of 20 acres on the asso
ciation farm he has watermelons, to
matoes and turnips. Between the wa
termelon rows are two rows of tur
nips, and between the turnip rows a
row of tomatoes are planted. The
watermelon vines curling nround the
tomato 'plants steady them during
hard winds, resulting In a sturdier
plant, while the tomato plants furnish
shade for the watermelons, each bene
fiting the other and at the same time
making the ground produce twice
what it otherwise would.
While a board of directors controls
tho Kaw Valley Truck Farm company,
the farm work Is under the direct man
agement of Ewlng. The officers are:
Rev. J. R. Richardson, president; Rev.
Bowen, vice-president; Rev. D. B, Jack
son, treasurer; H. P. Ewing, secretary
and manager; Rev. George McNeal, as
slstant treasurer; Nick Chiles, audi
tor; J. F. Bradley, attorney. Kansas
"I'll bring .you a box of candy tho next time
I call," he said. -
"But there, are-. bo many kinds of,candy,'J replied.'
the sweet young thing." , ,
"What kind would you like?"
'The. dollar, kind."
AT THE CONCERT.
- "Mother, why, do they play some of the music
so lowland' the other so loud?" '
' "So that the people who nre hard of hearing
can get their money's worth."
HIS RULING-PASSION STRONG
Economical Mountain Climber Was
Not Going to Be Rescued Ex
cept by Contract. -
it la not hard to keep from being
fleeced It you are only sufficiently in
earnest about it Malcolm Savage
Treacher tells the story of a German
mountain climber who did not forget
to be economical, even In the midst of
deadly peril. -.- ;
A party waa crossing , a. glacier on
the Blopeiof Mont Blanc when ono of
the travelers called to tho others to
stop and listen. Strange cries' came
from the Jce beneath their feet
"Some one has fallen Into a crev
assel"- exclaimed one of the party.
"His groans seem (o Indicate that ho
Is already beyond help."
"Wo must do what wo can, in $ny
case," responded one of tho guides;
and ho. begon a long and perilous de?
scent into(jvh'at proved, to be the bosom
of a concealed; crevasse.. At the bott
torn they; found the poor' gentleman
who had fallen. He was, however,
quite unhurt, sitting comfortably upon
a bench o ice.
"We've come tp save you," said one
of the guides. '
"You save me?" answered the gen
tleman, quite tranquilly, "How do you
know I want to be saved?"
"Because you called to us for aid,"
satd on the bewildered guides.
"Perhaps I did," roplied the Ger
man; "perhaps I didn't,' You came,
anyhow, Now, what'll you take to res-
And beforo ho would allow the
guides to hitch him to the rope and
drag him to the surface ho compelled
them to set down in writing tho exact
amount they would require 'for the per
formance of their life-saving .duty. He
was a business man, whatever any one
else could say against jalra and, more
over, he knew the guIdesot, Switzer
land. Wide World Magazine.
India 'has 316,000,000 people, less
than half of .whom can road oven the
natlvo vernacular, , .
No wonder the colored men, with
the habits and traditions Inherited
from slave ancestors, tends to Idle
self-Indulgence, where work is to be
had for the asking, and food to be ob
tained by the occasional use of net
od, or gun. A colored family can be
brought UP in rude abundance if the
head of the household earns in cash
even as little as $160 or $200 a year,
and this he can do by working two
days a week. On most of the tidal
streams a boy of ten can supply the
faintly with fish much' of 'tho year by
tending a set net morning and eve
ning. There aro basket-making com
munities where all adults who choose
can earn from $1 to $2 a day the year
round. There are canneries where
men and women are employed for
most1 of the year in canning oysters,
vegetables and fruit for nearly ten
months out of twelve. Exchange.
Creck-Semlnole Agricultural college,
founded by President J. C. Lcftwlch,
under tho Christian churches. Is tho
most potent factor in developing the
town, and Christian education and ag
ricultural training among the Indian
and negro youths of the town, com
munity and state. Mr. Leftwlch found
ed this college seven years ago, With
out n rinllaf in Vinctn will, tlin
encouragement of J. II. O. Smith, for-1
meriy minister oi first i;nnsuan
church of Oklahoma City, Okla.; he
ventured to build a large institution. '
It was believed, among the people of
tho town, community nnd state, that to
build a school of such character out In
the forest, and In a new country, was
simply folly and out of the question.
Pluck and tenacity dominated the
spirit of the young man to try. If but
to fall. To the astonishment of all,
Mr. Leftwlch succeeded, in seven
years, in building up a plant valued at
$25,000, 300 students, and faculty of
eight Instructors. Eighty of the stu
dents are full-blooded Indians. Mr.
Lcftwlch was succeeding nicely up un
til the 18th of May, 1912, when his
main building burned, at a loss of $10,
000; five students were burned to
death. This was a great blow to the
president and to the college. Mr. Lcft
wlch Is still determined to build a
great Institution, and asks the aid of
his brethren In the effort to do bo.
This Is the finest field in America for
the brotherhood to help build and fos
ter a college for Indians and negroes.
President Leftwlch has been travel
ing in the North for 12 months, appeal
ing to the Christian churches to help
him In his hour of struggle and trials.
He is attempting to raise $8,000. The
college proper will be located on 40
acres of land, as an agricultural exper
iment station. This Institution is lo
cated In the heart of tho red and black
belt of Oklahoma, only 20 miles from
Craz (Indian) Snake's "Stamp" and
camp grounds. This institution now
calls on tho churches and Interested
friends to raise $2,000 at once. Exchange.
How long will the negro be upoo
this step of life's ladder, depending
upon the whites for assistance? The
monotony Is unpleasant to the ear In
this progressive age. If they have
been like the grasshopper. Instead of
the ant, consider the punishment as
If they had learned self-reliance In
the nineteenth century the negro
problem would have been solved to
day. It negro men would form stock
companies to purchase lands, erect
buildings and establish stores they
wuold not be dependent upon the
white union for work. Apparently
they have not the necessary con
Three gossips sat alone ono day,
And wliero they were a tiny seed
The little sed of truth. Indeed
Unharmful and unhidden lay.
Ere they had gossiped long the shell
Began to open, and a sprout.
At first half timidly, peeped out.
And grew as something Svatered well.
Tile stalk was big and coarse and strong,
And sticky leaves upon It hung.
Each shaped as is a gossip's tongue
'Wifi tree filled all the room ere long.
They dragged the slimy trunk outside,
And there the warped tree spread and
And there hy everv breeze that blew
Its fertile seeds were scattered wide.
Hie gossips three beheld the tree
That from the little seed had grown;
A stencil from every leaf was blown.
Hi fruit was horrible to see.
They held their noses and they turned
Their backs upon the horrid sight!
The three had met with much delight.
With shame their checks at parting
Attempts recently were made to grow
tobacco commercially In the south of
England. In Ireland tho department
of agriculture for several years has
offered substantial bounties In connec
tion with this industry. However,
neither In Ireland nor in England has
tho attempt gone further than the ex
The christening of the steamship
Liberia, the "Back to Africa" vessel
controlled exclusively by negroes, took
place at Galveston, Tex. The Liberia
was waiting to take a large number of
negroes to Africa under the leadership
of A. C Sam. Speech making and the
breaking of a bottle over the bows by
an Oklahoma negro girl formed the
New York will have the highest Jail
building so far erected if present plans
are carried out. It will be built in
Thirtieth street, near Sixth avenue,
will be 14 stories tall and will cost
about forty-five thousand dollars. It Is
planned chiefly for the care of women
In the Malay peninsula an English
naturalist has "discovered a species of
ant that makes Its cast in the 'fleshy
stems of ferns that grow on the limbs
of trees high in the air.
Probably the highest death rate of
any city In the world belongs to doch
abamba, Bolivia, where there was a
mortality of 75 in each 1,000 last year.
The Bank of tho Philippine Islands
received about April 1 from the syndi
cate mine in Maebate a consignment
of 600 ounces of gold, valued at $10,
000. This makes the second shipment
from -the Bsime mine in. two weeks.
The smallest tax bill In New York ie
on property In Tottenvllle. The assess
ment Is $1 and the tax amounts to one
cent a -year. The city already has
spent four cents for'postage Btamps in
an effort to collect the one cent
Bohemia has a forest area equal to
29 per cent of its total area, and tho
quantity of wood cut annually averages
0,474,105 cubic yards, of which '4,316,
070 cubic yards are suitable for build
ing and manufacturing) and the re
mainder for fuel. Bohemia exports
annually about one million three hun
dred and seven thousand cubic yards
of forest products to Germany)
As a result of promising surface In
dication of petroleum near VUlamar
tln, a small town 27 miles from Jerez,
the Spanish government has appropri
ated 700,000 pesetas (approximately
$126,000) for exploring the region
thoroughly, and has sent a force of
engineers into the field.
Julius Rosenwald of Chicago has
sent his check for $25,000 toward the
erection of a building for negro men
by the Young Men's Christian associa
tion of Kansas City. This is the fifth
city to recelvo a like sum for Young
Men's Christian association buildings
for negroes. Besides Kansas City they
are Washington, Philadelphia, Indian
apolis and Chicago.
A popular drink among the peasants
of Russia Is called quass. It is made
by pouring warm water over1 rye- or
barley meal. It Is fermented liquor
and Is very' sour, but has been used for
years by these poverty stricken people.
Sandy Archer, a former slave, be
lieved' to be one hundred and twelve
years old, died in Uayden station.
Conn., at the homo of Mrs. M. E. Gar
rett He had lived there for more than
At the close of 1911 the asylums 1?
Ireland held 24,655 Insane, or 5.C3 to
each 1,000 population. In 1880 It was
2.60 In each. 1,000. t
Phllo Thomas of La Prairie, Wis., is
wearing a pair of tho old style knee
high variety of shoes which he says fo
bought in Janesvllle in the spring oi
1872, 42 years ago.' He has had them
rebottomed four times.
One of the senior directors of the
Hamburg-American line said recently
that although the Vaterland is 950 feet
long, another ten years was likely to
elapse before a thousaad-foot liner
.would be built.
Saving the Babies.
The success achieved In the pait
by various societies organized for the
prevention of infant mortality and dis
ease has beon so notable that the pub
lic generally is likely to regard the
activities of baby week with more at
tention and wore favor than aro usual
ly granted to similar spectacular
movements, The record, of work done
attests not only tho wprth of the serv-.
trt Kit (hA r4 irht nf thn wnrkcra to
wwi. tut, a - -
ask,, further help, public or private.
According' to figures given out oy me
board of health, the Infant death rate
of the city In 1904 was 162 for every
1,000 within the first year after birth.
Last year the rate was only 102. Thla
represents the saving of the lives of
upward of eight thousand bableB-with-in
a single twelvemonth. New York
World. . . '
Beast, and Burden,
, In savage countries woman 1b a
jieast of burden", and In'ctvllliedfcoun
tries , man Is a beast and woman la a
burden. Ll la.
Mrs. Ducksley What business Is
your husband in?
Mrs. Fdslleigh He manufactures
Mrs. Ducksley Oh, indeed! Now,
that's a chance for my son, George.
He's wild to get a flute. Do you think
he could get one at your husband's
factory at cost? '
Mrs. Fastleigh I I really don't be
lieve he could. You see, the wlndNn
struments my husband makes are bi
"Smllhson claims" that his wife Is
the most beautiful woman in this
"How Is he going to prove it? Has
her portrait ever been used as an ad
vertisement for face powder or mas
sago cream or" anything like that?"
CHOOSING HIS TIME.
you've decided to
ask MIbs Dalllng
ton's father for
her, have you? By
George, you have
thai) gave you
Fred Courage? Why, 1 think no
more of facing that man today than I
would if he were not half as large as
Charley I'm astonished!
Fred You see he's laid up with a
severe attack of gout.
"It says here in de paper," said
Limping Lemuel, "dat dia lord wot
Just died was a member of de order
of de bath."
"Poor old chap," Blghcd Easy Ellas,
"he might be HVIn' y It' If he would of
kept out of de water." "'
"Remember," said; tho orator, "that
not all who succeed aro rich."
"I know it," shouted n man In tho
gallery. "My wife succeeds In making
me contradict myself every time I- try
to explain to her when I' have been out
late at night."
Gone, But Not Forgotten.
"Would you recognize a former hus
band of yours if you'Ihould meet him
in the street?"
"I'm sure I don't know or, yes, 1
think there are one. , oy'-'twpi'-'bf them
that I would know' im6Bt"any',where.',
A Call for Help.
Bllger Where nro all thoBO deputy
sheriffs and policemen going in such
Parslow Tho home team lost today
and tho umpire has telephoned that ho
wants to go to his hotel.
' Mere Duty.
"Why Is It." she compalned, "that
you never want to kiss mo before pth
er women?'' th $
"Darling." he replIeOT wouldn't
aBk you to sew a button on' my trou
sers before other men." . .
A Dark Outlook.
"You look discouraged. Has busi
ness been poor?"
"N6," replied tho undertaker, "it Jiaa
been all right up to thla time, but tho
outlook is dark. Dr, P.ilkiugton is go
ing to move away."
Another Error Cleared Up,
"I ..believe,;' 'eald Mrs. Oldcastle.
"that Mr. and 'Mrs rottilelBhihad' a
"Oh,' no," 'replied ber -hostess, "she
told mo herself' that it .watt a Presby