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TO GET BEST OUT OF COFFEE
Method of Preparation Has Much to
Do With Success In This Im
There aro two points necessary In
getting tho best out of coffee. One
is, of course, to get all that Is good.
Tho other Is not to get what Is bad.
Tho best preparation of co- jo ex
tracts the aromatic oils and eliminates
coffee-tannin iO practically nothing.
In the first placo tho housewife
must sco to 1C that her coffee Is finely
ground. Dut, having had It practical
ly pulverized, she must be careful
that It Is quickly used or confined In
air-proof, moisture-proof Jars, other
wise tho oil will escape Into the air
and will absorb moisture.
In the actual preparation of 'the
boverage, however, tho Important
thing Is to brew tho coffeo. "Brewed"
coffee Is not "cooked." In the process
of browing tho oils are extracted
from the fibrous tissue, whereas when
coffee Is boiled cr "cooked" the fiber
Is stewed In and the flavor and purity
of the liquid Is damaged. The water
must be boiled; the coffee must not.
Water at the boiling point should bo
poured on the coffee, but it should
not stand too long, and it sh uld not
The elimination of the coffee-tannin
Is best brought about In the filtration
or drip method of preparing coffee.
When brewed In this way the coffeo
contains only .29 of a grain of coffee
tannin per cup, ps against 2.90 grains
by five minutes steeping In the perco
HE war correspondents of 1898
wrote columns-of matter about the
heroes of Santiago who climbed on
tho embankments In front of tho
fighting men and wigwagged sig
nals to the fleet on tho other side
of the enemy.
Wigwag went tho flags by day
spelling out orders and informa
tion, and wigwag went the lanterns
by night spelling out more Informa
tion and orders. In fact, wigwag
ging was about the only method of
communication with the friends on the other side
of the enemy.
Homing pigeons have been used from time Im
memorial, and they also were used at Santiago.
Today a different condition exists. As the Ger
mans wore sweeping down on Paris tho operator
In Eiffel tower whispered through the very air the
Germans wero breathing to convey information to
St Petersburg or Petrograd.
The swish of the wireless was unstoppable. Tho
Spaniards shot down the American signal men-on
the embankments In front of Santiago, but the
rifle bullets from the Germans could not Interfere
with the wireless message as it went on its way.
One of the most wonderful developments of tho
wireless telegraphy came a the opening of the Eu
ropean war when it became possible to talk all
the way from Berlin to Long Island. Germany
talked across the British fleet to her own ships
with a speed that
only wireless or tele
graph can rival.
Messages can be
fastened to birds In
around the tail
feathers, under a
wing, about the leg
or secretly marked
by plucking a cer
tain feather, the
painting of certain
feathers and many
bound tight to tho
bird's, legs. Releas-
' !ni v. i .i 1 1 -1
.sailing the Atlantic and warned them of the ' , " ,
' 'sudde tremor ' - - " s- s,?5 e -J? ?ta"ei1
Th. ,.. , 1-hr, n..lnc -moo tr, rto. " " " HUU "Ull
stroy the operator and he was thousands of miles
away. In our last war wires were stretched all
over the fields back of tho fighting men. Dis
patchers carried word from colonel to general
where there had not been time to string tho
In this war wires, too, have been stretched on
the fields, pigeons still have carried messages,
dispatchers have galloped back and forth, but in
addition to all theso messengers of war the fight
ers all depended more on the invention of Mar
coni, the groat wireless telegraph.
The wireless telegraph has proved Its value,
right on the field of battlo. The man In the front
ranks, or the outpost m(les from tho headquarters,
could place himself In Instant communication with
his chief. The wireless telegraph made It pos.l
ble for a German soldier fighting his way through
Belgium to talk to a German soldier defending
Alsaco. It made It posslblo for a soldier at Brus
sels to Bhout news of victory back 'to Berlin with
out an instant's delay.
It made It posslblo for the French and British
to keep in communication with each other and
map out a new line of defense when the Germans
wore hurling their mighty hosts against them.
Marconi had already made himself famous be
fore the war broke out His invention was one
of tho greatest boons to humanity because It
saved lives aboard ship in time of sea horror. It
brought rescue to the distressed and expedited
shipping. From an Instrument of humanity and
peace It sprang to an instrument of war and ter
ror. Like the pigeon or dove, the personification of
peace, It becamo on instrument of war.
Perhaps next to the wireless stations, the most
efficient messengers 'of war are the homing pig
cons. These birds, the wisest of their kind, are
'employed to great advantage In English, French,
German, Austrian, Italian, Russian and Japanese
armies. Military authorities hold there Is no bet
ter means for small detachments to communicate
with their headquarters nor could they want bet
ter. On the fields of Europe the flights of the birds',
are In most Instances so short that they do not
have to stop for a rest, thus preventing the mes
sages from falling into the hands of the enemy.
A, pigeon In Its flight soars so high It Is almost
Invisible' to the naked eye, thus It necessitates
tho use of high power guns to bring It to the
ground. And any man who ever makes such a
shot can well pall It a miracle.
The king of England and the emperor of Ger
many, as well as other rulers of European nations,
have their own flying kits, and In time of peace
they cuter their birds In races with birds belong
ing to their subjects. The crowned heads deem
this royal sport.
A bird equipped for flying with a message' Is
encased in a bottlellke tube, the shape of Its
A spy puts his message In his pocket,nprocoeds
on- his mission, quickly writes his discoveries on
small bits of paper and places them In a tube
other equally Ingenious contrivances. Messages
are often reproduced by photography upon films
reduced to the smallest ,possible Blze which the
birds carry and which weigh the mero fraction
of an ounce.
Recently there appeared an account of the cap
ture of a German spy: He was riding on a train
in Belgium. The spy noticed that he was under
surveillance and hurriedly wrote the Information
he had In his possession and released his winged
messenger from tjio window of the train. The
spy was captured, but the message could not be
These messengers of war -sometimes aro called
carrier pigeons. They are not. Carrier pigeons
lack tho Instinct that enables the homers to re
turn to their cote. Carrier pigeons are only for
the purpose of display at pet- stock shows.
Many nations have established pigeon posts,
where birds are trained to fly from one city to
another, or from one island to another. They
are much faster than train or steamboats and a
message is much safer in their care. They aro
numbered today as-one of tho most deadly mes
sengers of war.
The first news of tho siege of Ladysmlth, dur
ing the Boer war, was carried by homing pigeons.
The pigeons used at Ladysmlth were taken from
SEIZED A GERMAN MEAL
Ve lofts at Durban and Plotermarltzburg and ltt
view of the great service which they performed it
Is of more than passing notice. The dumb mes
sengers were used In the signal service of this
country during the' war with Spain. In the French
army aro more than three hundred thousand
trained pigeon? and moro than six hundred thou
sand In the postal service which can be utilized in
time of war. Germany has more than two hundred
and fifty thousand well trained fliers and It, too,
has Us pigeon posts that can be utilized by tho
During tho Russo-Japanese war an automatic
camera was fastened about tho breast of a pigeon
and accurately timed to make photographs in the
When a homer Is released, It rises rapidly into
tho air, flying In large circles, apparently getting
Its bearings. After rising several hundred feet it
will circle to a point directly above the place
whence It was released, then dart In a straight
lino toward its home, bearing tho important docu
ments to its government A pigeon cannot be
trained to fly to any
point, but It can be
trained to be taken
hundreds of miles
from Us home, re
leased on battle
fields and return to
Its'" original home
with great haste.
The pigeons wero
almost displaced by
the Invention of
but a bird can bo
carried easl'y where
a wireless outfit
would prove too
bulky and could
never be taken. A
spy can reloaso a
pigeon In the face
of tho enemy when
. mlHi llftln risk
he could not dare to try wreiew.. - -
to the bird. The messengers are truly birds of
war, not peace.
Incidents of soldier life in the fighting zone are
read eagerly In London. How a small party of
British cavalry cheated some Germans of their
supper la told in the following words:
"A small party were out on reconnolssance
work, scouring wood's and searching the country
side. Just about dusk a hall of bullets came upon
our party from a small spinney of fir trees on the
side of a bill. Wo Instantly wheeled off as if ve
wero retreating, but, In fact, we merely pretended
to rctlro and galloped around across plowed land
to the other side of the spinney, fired on the men
and they mounted their horses and flew like light
ning out of their' 'supper room,' leaving a finely
cooked repast of beefsteak, onions and fried pota
toes all ready and done to a turn with about fifty
bottles of lager beer, which was an acceptable rel
ish to our meal. Ten of our men gavo chase and'
returned for an excollent feed."
Tho same writer gives an account of a speech
of on old French squire, a retired general, who en
tertal'ned the troops at his house. He says.
"The old gentleman's two daughters helped to
wait on the men, and after the meal was over tho
general said: , .
" 'My dear comrades, let mo so call you. u is
an old soldier who fought agalnBt Prussia forty
four years ago. I was then a captain of cuiras
siers who welcomes you to his house with a
heart full of emotion and in a voice trembling
with sympathy and thick with tears. You honor
me by this visit. In the midst of all your trials
and privations you have a soldier's heart and
courage and cheerfulness. By your wounds I
know your sufferings. Vou see me old, but I am
active and glad to be honored by your sharing
such as I can offer you. France can never repay
the debt she owes to England for giving to us her
best and bravest sons. My father was killed In
the war of 1870 at the battle of Sedan.'
"It was a picture to .boo tho grand old veteran,
with faltering voice, strike the men's hearts by
(he first phrase, 'My dear comrades,' but when ho
raised his glass and gavo 'The king and queen of
England' tho men Btood up and tears chased each
other down their cheeks. Then ,the parish priest
said a few kind words of welcome and Invited
the party to attend benediction in the little church
which adjoins the park of the general. This was
a happy thought, for Protestants, Episcopalians
and Presbyterians Joined with Catholics In a boI
emn service of devotion under circumstances
which show how easily, under stress of trial and
adversity, tho barriers of class and creed fall
" "Childhood presents many paradoxes," asserted
"What Instance have yqu in mind?" asked the
"A spoiled child may be extremely fresh."
A GREAT DIFFERENCE.
"Ton always advised against speculation?"
"Yes," returned Mr. Dustln Stax.
"You never played the market yourself?"
"No, sir. I never played It I worked It."
DIGNITY OF SUPREME COURT
Member of That High Body Must
Malnaln It Wherever Ho May
Happen to Be.
How tho Justices, of tho United
States Supreme court deal with any
attempt at an assault upon the con
fidences of tlib court was disclosed to
an indiscreet young woman who was
visiting at tho hotiBe of an associate
justice of the court who had known
Ucr since she wai a child. She was
sitting at the tea table one afternoon
with the Justice and his wife, nnd, all
unconscious of1 any wrongdoing, be
gan to talk about a case that was
awaiting the decision of the court
Tho wife of the Justice exhibited as
much alarm and distress as though
a live dynamite bomb had been in
troduced Into tho company, -but she
could not catch her visitor's eyo and
"I hope," said the prattling visitor,
"that you w.ill decide It in favor of the
company, because, If you don't the
price of the stock auntie left me will
Tho Justice frozo stiff. He as
sumed what his wife calls his "prls-oner-at-tbe-bar
manner"1 as he stood
up. Ho was as grave and as stern
as could be and ho nearly scared tho
young woman to death as he said;
"My dear child, you must never
speak on such s subject to me again.
I am going to leave the room now
as a mark of my displeasure at the
disrespect you have shown me and
my position, ind If you are ever so
thoughtless again as to refer to tho
business of the court In my presence,
I shall see that you ore never ad
mitted to the house afterward."
Mrs, Shucks Knew.
"An' wo went to a" big department
shop," said Undo Jed, on his return
home "an we got Into one o' them
'ero things wot whizzes yo clean up
to the top wot In tarnation Is their
name, ma?" Shop-litters, Jededlar,"
Mrs, Shucks replied,
IN all the romantic Orient, from
Tokyo to Teheran, there ls'no other
spot where a white man feels the
grip of tho East as In Bagdad's
splendid bazaars, writes Frederick
Slraplcli in the Los Angeles Times.
For a thousand years swarthy men
In abbas, turbans and red shoes have
bought, fought, bartered and sold,
wheedled and- cheated In this famous
market for ages mule and camel cara
vans have come down from Persia,
bringing rare shawls, rich rugs, bales
of silk, wool and tobacco.
Here, too, as In American cities,
eager, keen-eyed Jews hold trade In
their practiced grip. Father Abraham
himself was once a familiar figure In
these parts, and 50,000 of his chosen
people make Bagdad their home. One
Bagdad Jew, grown rich from the
opium trade, Is now in the Drltish par
liament Armenians and Arabs, in tarbooshes
and fancy belts, strive also for their
share of Bagdad's business; but the
big things go to Jews. Tho men who
work with their hands the brass beat-
To clean a polished table that has
been marred by having had a hot dish
placed upon It rub It with camphorat
To clean tinware dampen a cloth,
dip It la common soda and rub the
ware briskly, after which wipe dry.
To overcome the annoyanco of tho
hands perspiring when doing fine
sewing bathe them with strong alum
To lengthen the llfo of a comb wash
It in soapy water before using it, and
when it is dry rub It with a little
To restore their natural color to
ivory knife handles that turneC yel
low rub them with turpentine.
To preserve clothespins and clothes
lines and keep them flexible and dura
ble boll them a few minutes and then
dry them quickly. This should bo
done twice a month.
Everybody yells the tiresome word
"barlak!" which means "get out of my
way." Camel drivers from their se
cure and lofty perch Bhout tho word
Insolently, as their great crabliko
creatures stalk steadily through tho
throng. Turkish officers or foreign
consuls squeezing through the mass
of men and animals' in their arabanas,
hear the Arab drivers shout tho warn
ing word. "Barlak, effendl," Is the way
It's put If the man In one's path' be
more than mero clay. Barlak! For
1,200 years the crowded, dusty, bus
tling bazaar has echoed to the hurry
ing cry. The crowd pushes and el
bows like the human flow through an
"In" sign at a subway entrance.
Public Life Centers There.
Tho real public life of Bagdad cen
ters In the bazaars and coffee houseB.
and on a busy trading day the crush Is
terrific. And men live, move and make
money now Just as In the palmy days
of the Arabian Nights, when Haroun-al-Itaschld
frequented tho coffee
houses of Bagdad, and the early Baby-
White Fruit Cako.
To make an especially delicious
cake of the lasting variety creani
together ono cupful of butter and
two cupfuls of sugar and add
one cupful of milk. Sift three
cupfuls of flour and ono tea
spoonful of baking powdsr three
times and add to the mixture and stir
well. Slice very thin one pound of
citron, blanch one pound of almonds
and chop fine and grate one medium
sized fresh cocoanut and add to tho
mixture with ono wlneglassfuJ of
white wine, stirring enough to mix
only. Last fold In the beaten whites
of eight eggs. Bake In two loaves and
cook In a moderate oven.
Pricst Selling chickens
wnue spenarag me aay with a
friend on a farm last summer, I no- i
tlced a clever little arrangement of '
hers In washing dishes. Tho water '
was piping hot, as It should be, and
In the middle of the dlshpan she set '
a small deep pitcher full of hot suds
for the silver. This obviated the
need of plunging her hand down to 1
the bottom of th dtshnnn. nn T hnvn '
always done, and also kept the silver
from collecting grease. McCull's
Pare and slice your apples, sweeten
to taste, add cinnamon and a little
salt. Prepare a crust as follows:
Two cupfuls flour, two level teaspoon
fuls baking powder, one teaspoonful
salt, 'sifted together. Mix thoroughly
with this two tablespoonfuls- shorten
ing, wet with milk or water until a
soft dough. Place over apples. Make
three or four cuts In tcp, to allow
steam to escape, and bake. Serve
with molasses sauce or with sugar
Thoroughly clean perfect stalks of
celery and cover with ice until crisp.
Mix to a cream one-quarter pound of
roqnefort cheese, one-half pound of
cream cheese, one tablespoonful of
buttor, one teaspoonful of Worcester
shire dressing, one-eighth teaspoonful
of paprika and one teaspoonful of
finely chopped olives, 3tuff celery
with this mixture and serve Ice cold
on lettuce leaves. After the celery If
stuffed cut it into two-inch lengths.
Sausagettes and Tomato.
Take three small pork sausages and
dip In cold water for a few minutes.
Now slip off tho. skin and form tha
meat into flat cakes. Fry in a small
pan until nicely browned. Pour off
tho surplus fat and add one-half cup
ful of left-over tomatoes, a little
chopped peppers and, If mixture Is too
thin, a little rolled cracker meal may
be added. As soon as hot serve on a
heated plate and press small toast
points around edge.
For Your Bean Pot.
To clean the bean pot thoroughly
put two large handfiils of washing
soda In it and place In a large covered
kettle. Now completely cover It with
cold water and allow to boll tor almost
half an hour, Then wash In the usual
Take one pound of mixed fresh
fruits; cut into dice; soak 'for IS
minutes In sherry; add them to a
quart of lemon lc; mix well' and
ers, the weavers of exquisite cloths,
the makers of red shoes and bended
camel trappings are mostly Arabs or
Time turns back ten centuries as
one enters' these narrow nosy shop
ping streets which stretch through
Bagdad. Walk with me an hour and
enjoy the shifting panorama. Let
yourself be drawn along the current of
men, mules and grunting camels. To
shut out the Arab sun a vaulted roof
of brick Is built, arching overhead,
turning the narrow, crowded streets
Into long tunnels; through theso sub
terraneanlike passages moves the mul
titude, and for miles along each side
stretches the row of tiny stalls, hardly
larger than telephone booths, nil
stuffed full of merchandise. Cross
legged before each booth, his wares
piled high about him, sits tho Jew or
Arab merchant To and fro surges the
shouting, stifling human stream, stop
ping to paw at goods and haggle over
the price. Arab women, their brown
faces screened behind the eternal yash
mak, pull aside their veil with one
hand and with the other upset the or
dered piles of goods Just as their sis
ters In America do and then pass on
to the next booth to talk down the
Everyone Yells "Barlak."
Here, as In "Pipe. Street," Peking,
the men who sell the same sort of
wares seem to seek tho same streets,
that they may watch each other. Tho
narrow passages are crowded and
blocked by the huge bales of wool
borne on the backs of groaning Kur
dish "hammalB," who carry loadB that
would balk a husky donkey.
Children always llko beads, and
their stringing passes many hours
safely and happily. At the same time,
the children gain a knowledge of color
and color combination and form from
the bead work. Large wooden beads
are the easiest for the small child to
thread on a piece of stout thread. The
end can be waxed, or n blunt-ended
needle can be used. Theso beads, half
nn Inch In diameter, are sold at 15
cents for three dozen, or 40 cents a
gross. They are shaped In spheres,
cubes and cylinders and are colored
red, orango, yellow, green, blue nnd
Rewards of the Commonplace.
"If you want to go anywhere you
have to start, from where you are."
said Burke. First steps' are as Im
portant as last steps. Starting from
where one Is involves a right under
standing of the commonplace, A great
motive Invests every deed with sig
nificance, Murillo painted Angels'
Kitchen. The convent porter, faith
ful to his humble duties, finds tha
kitchen filled with angslB, each do'ng
Ionian kings toured the towns of Mes
opotamia. The graphic tales told in
the Old Testament about the early set
tlers of this country are easily verified,
for nothing has changed. Here in the
bazaar, for Instance, sits a wrinkled
but active person mending fishnets.
Like the old apostles, the latter-day
Chaldeans of Bagdad enjoy fishing In
he Tigris, and every morning they
bring their catch to the bazaar, giving
one-fifth as tithe to the government.
In a narrow, noisy gallery leading
off from the main bazaar are the tent
makers; Just beyond, 300 half-naked
men hammer away fourteen hours a
day making red shoes and sandals;
near by are the makers of fancy belts,
and cno man sells red fezzes made in
Austria. Next Is a harness maker, who
turns out the camel and donkey trap
pings, all resplendent In shell and bead
Blend of Strong Odors.
And the odor! It Is that odd smell
not easy to describe which Is wafted
up from all oriental bazaaTS, where
halt-naked men, cooking food, tobacco
smoke and the stench of perspiring
animals are blended.
And all around the strife for life
This Arab boy of six Is selling
sweets from his big flat tray. The can
dy is made from pistachio nuts and
date juice, and in shrill tones he
shrieks the merits of bis sticky, fly
catching mess. Odd-looking vegetables
pickled In vinegar are carried
through the streets In wooden tubs
balanced on the heads of women, for
sale to tho hammals.
a simple service. The monk's vision
was his reward for ordinary work
well done. Commonplace tasks be
come great achievements when per
formed with all our might. The sol
dier dying In tho trench Is ho not
equal to the king on the throne? To
do common things in a perfect man
ner is a truer sign of religion than to
do great things In an Imperfect man
ner. The despised ordinary relation
ships of life may be the rounds in tho
ladder that reaches to the skies.,
Tho Frenchman and tho American
had gone a considerable distance In
animated discussion concerning tho
merits of heir respective countries.
Neither would make any concessions,
"Of course," finally said the French
man in desperation, "you will con
cede that there Is only one Eiffel tow
er and that wo bavo It?" "Certainly,"
agreed the American, "and I am
mighty glad, for It has given us a
means for measuring our skyscrapers.
Wo now say In New Yqrk that a build
ing is two elffols, or three or four, as
the case may bo."