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A REMARKABLE ESCAPE.
Lut Despairing Effort of a Tunnel
Digger Gains Him Liberty.
Amonx the remarkable in fans
adopted by the prisoners In the civil
war to escape were their tunnels, mar
vels of Ingenuity and perseverance.
The ground around the southern pris
ons at Andersonvllle. Salisbury,
Savannah. Danville, and Macon was
fairly honeycombed with tunnels that
were rarely pushed to successful
When everything was seemingly
propitious and the prisoners were only
waiting for a stormy night on which
to remove the final cap of earth and
rush forth to freedom, some accident
was almost sure to happen, blocking
all their well laid plans, as when at
Savannah a straying cow puhed her
ill omened foot through a tunnel
which the Imprisoned federals had
carried far beyond the stockade that
Inclosed the prison yard.
The most wonderful of all these
ventures was the tunnel that was bur
rowed out of I,ibby prison In 1S64,
by which 105 union officers escaped,
says the Sunday Magazine. The suc
cess of the enterprise was due wholly
to the Indomitable, energy and unfail
ing optimism of two men. Col. Thomas
K, Rose. of the Seventy-seventh Penn
sylvania infantry, and Ma. A. O. Ham
ilton, of the Twelfth Kentucky cav
alry. They teKun operations with
two case knives, by means of which
thev removed tirlcks enough from a
fireplace to pain access to a seldom
frequented chamber In the cellar of
So foul and noisome was this duo-
peon that It was known as the "rat
bell." Here In a nauseating atmos
phere of sewer cas. the two men.
with the assistance of as many of
their comrades as they thought pru
dent to admit Into the secret, bur
rowed out under the foundations In
an atti-mpt to reach a sewer wjilch
they knew communicated with a near
by canal. The work teemed to be ad
vanrinj; favorably; but they had sunk
their tunnel below the level of the
canal, and the water suddenly broke
through, almost drowning Rose. l"n
damned, they stopped the Cow and
His Head Emerged Into the Night.
besan a second attempt. This time
they inn too near the surface, and the
earth caved In Fortunately the offi
cials of the prison attributed the hols
to rnts, and the prisoners were left
unmolested to start a third tunnel.
All the party, except ltoso and Ham
ilton, now (te up In despair; but
these two intrepid spirits never lst
hope. Abandoning the lilt H of reach
ing the ranal, they directed their
fourth tunnel toward a yard opposite
the prUoii. Gradually those who had
cltru ti begun to return. For 17
nU-hts (they bud already wated 39
on the other tunnelsi they worked In
three shifts, with a broken shovel,
two esse knives snd a small wooden
box In which the earth we removed.
Only one man could dig at a lime.
The others were busy srsuoririg the
inrlh on the floor and covering It up
with ilinw, and tatuilnjt air In to the
woikers by menus of a rubber blanket
stretched on a frame.
The last two tilKhts llose spent the
entire time in the tunnel himself,
doing twice as unuh work as had
previously be'ii accomplished by the
three shifts. On th last nljcht he
abandoned the hot'.iontal and struck
upward for the surface. Powerful
man though lie was. his strength had
Intn sapped by his unremitting labor
In the foul atmosphere. He felt him
self fainting; but he was loo weak lo
make Ms way back 3 feet to the cel
lar. The shovel dropped from his
crasp, and with the last effort of de
spair he turned on hi back and drove
I. Is hands upwsrd against the roof.
The earth gavo way before him. and
bis h'd emerged luto the nttiht. Just
as the sentinel on the other skin of
the strcvl railed out, "lUlfprtst one,
and all's well!"
His Military Career.
A certain otllcer who had by no
means distlugutshed hlm.lf In the
tv)ilh African war. as Tit Ulls. re
tire d from the service and built htm
elf a villi In a remote spot on the
ouaKt of Devonshire. Ho was show
ing It to a f i lend one day, and re
"Tim only difficulty I have U about
at riHiuu for the house. I should like
to hit u;m soniethlug suitable, some
thing approtiUt to my military ca
reer, you know."
"I see," replied M friend Theu
why tut call U Tbw KttrestT
. -.;- v.- ,V'-;
... - " '- ' " ' li '--:
4 J '
' . "" " vi
JOKE THAT HIT THE JOKERS.
1'uiing the American civil war sev
eral northern soldiers were talking
together one. duy Just before the ad
vauee upon Corinth, says a writer in
Philadelphia, Idirer. A tall, ungainly
raw recruit stepped up to (hem with
a bundle of soiled clothes In tils hand.
"Do you know where 1 can get this
washing doner he asked.
Two of the group were practical
jokers. A bright thought flatbed
Into their heads, and, as the sequel
shows, unfortunately found eipres
sion. "Oh. yes, we know. Just go up
there with your bundle," pointing to
the headquarters of General Grant.
"You will see a short, stout man"
describing the general "who does
washing. Take your bundle to him."
Tht recruit thanked them and walked
off in the direction Indicated.
He gained entrance, to headquarters
and stood In the general's presence.
"What can I do for you?" said Gen
eral Grant "I was directed here by
a couple of soldiers. They told me
that you did washing, and I hare a
bundle here." General Grant proba
bly enjoyed the situation, but his im
perturbable, face did not relas. Ha
simply asked the question, "Could you
Identify these men again?" "Yes,
sir." "Very well; you shall have the
Turning to an orderly he directed
him to call a guard, go with the re
cruit to where the Jokers were stand
ing, ready to enjoy his discomfiture,
and let him Identify them.
"Take the men to the guardhouse,
give them this man's bundle of clothes
and make them wash It thoroughly.
See that the work is done well."
general was obeyed to the letter
REPORTING AT HEADQUARTERS.
Predicament cf a Young Private Who
Had Been Stealing Haversacks.
"If the cap fits, wear It," runs the
old adage. Sometimes the knowledge
that It might easily fit cannot be con
cealed by the conscious Ill-doer, and
he publicly puts on the cap. and there
by confesses bis guilt. Mr. Frank:
Wllkesoc. the author of "Recollec
tions of a Private Soldier," had an ex--rienco
of this nature. He was
scarcely more than a lad, a young pri
vate la the civil war. when the inci
On the fourth day of the battle of
,, .n ...
. , . . .j , . ,. i
quarters and re;mrt to Adjutant (ro- i
..i t-oii . t . i , . . -
eral Willlarn?. My heart ank. I had
, , ,, , , , . . , j
Imm ii stealiusj haversacks; t had In-n
imiHidetit to ofllcere; 1 had l-en doing
lois of things t ought cot. Now for ll!
"This etul.i my ca r." I thought.
The captain said, "Wash up. pet a
horse, and accompany tile orderly." I
Ignored ihe first Krtinri of t!.e order,
lu:t obtained a horse, atul rode off,
slouch-hatted, 1 'ioum U-ks and supn-me-ly
dirty. I had full belief I w;tJ i,i be
Bv'vervly punished. Certain sheep
wcipbed heavily on my conscience 1
ransacked my memory and dragged
forth all my military misde ds. I
knew 1 must at lea.t In- court mar
tlaled. I concluded finally that I
should uot escape with less thaa
I asked the orderly if General Wil
liams was very savage-tempered. Ho
replied that the general was the kind
est man In the army, and I felt a lit
ll reassured. At last 1 burst out
"See here, what do you supioe h
wants of rue? I've been disobeying
orders, stealing haversacks, and lxti
Impudent to some of the Incompetent
The orderly laughed loudly.
When we. reached General Wil
liams' leut I wsa really friphteued
half out of my senses, and I strode
In, hat on my head. The handsome
general smiled kindly at me, and
ssked me to be seated. How I wished
I had washed and brushed the dill
off! He asked me many questions.
I grew confidential, and filially con
fessed my fright and my sins. The
general tried to look severe, but he
had to Isuph. When I had finished
h s'd, pleasantly :
"You are not going to be shot; your
crimes hardly deserve that, t have
sent for you to tell you you ere ap
IHilnted second lieutenant tu the
Fourth regiment of the t utted States
artillery. Get your discharge, and
come to me If you nin-d money to
travel with, or for clothes."
He was so giarious to me, a dirty
private, that my eves fl!!c4 with tears,
t coulJ not ick to thank him, and I
camu Very near to crjlug outright.
His Only Escape.
There Is a story often told to Illus
trate the manner In which President
Uiu-olri was besieged by commlsslou
seekeis. Hearing that a brlpadier
general and his horse had been cap
tured, and the general taken to Kn h
mond, he asked eagerly about the
"The horse!" exclaimed his In
formant. "You waut to know about
"Yes," said Lincoln. "I cau make
bitgaiiier any day, but the horse was
To this John Hussell Young, In his
memoirs, adds a similar tale. He was
railing upoti Lincoln one day at the
"I met Ho and so on the steps," lie
"Yes," replied the Pivsldent," I
liuve Just made his son bslpadler."
"A geneial!" exclaimed Mr Young.
"Yes." said Mr. Lincoln, with
givat wrailness. "You know I roust
have souie time ttft a)DUiclhlu4
New York. Of the several monorail
systems demonstrated during the last
half-dozen years, none Is so fascinat
ing and astonishingly spectacular as
the gyroscope car, recently exhibited
In England by its Inventor. Louis
Urennan, C. B.
Unlike some other attempts to solve
the problem of transferring passen
gers and freight speedily, safely and
cheaply from one city to another, Mr.
Brennan's system Is so exceedingly
simple that wonder Is expressed that
It was not before thought of and glTen
to an expectant world.
The Monorail Principle.
The principle, of course, is not new,
for 75 years have passed since Prof.
W. R. Johnson devised the gyroscope.
In order to Illustrate the dynamics of
rotating bodies, and his invention. In
the shape of a toy, is familiar to every
one; but the application, or at least
tne ,Iieln"d ' applying the gyroscoje
to balance a car susjienued uiKin a
single rail or a cable, is entirely novel.
Some years ago a certain scientist ap
plied the principle to a boat. but. while
he was eminent, he was impractical,
and the invention was a failure. The
principle was sound, and if It were
not, the Inhabitants of this planet
would have a sorry time of it, for
every day and constantly the earth,
revolving around the sun, and spin
ning as it goes, shows the principle In
While the gyroscope car is an orig
inal Invention the monorail Is by no
means untried. There Is a monorail
way In operation to-day in Germany.
Cars ha? been running uKn the sys
tem, which follows the River W up per
throuch Ilarmen. Klberfeid and Woh
wlnkel. for the last three years. By
,hi !" the wheels are on top of
the cars, which travel on an elevated
, ' ..... , .
road from which thev are sustH-nded.
, . ., , ' , . , ,
Palance Is easily obta ned and fairly
, . . , ' . , ,
ioku ier-ua ore suiu iu nave lhx'U re-
System Used in Ireland.
About four year aco a monorail
svi-tcm was tried at Itullybnnulon. Ire-
l.nul. This ;s a ground tailw-ay.
and the line l-!ng only some 15 miles
long was only experimental. IVnh
cars and locomotive sttaddled tbe
road, embrnclng It as a rider ilm-i a
horse. S;a!ii'lty Was obtained by a
set of whevls which followed a rail on
either side of the triangular track.
While the welpht was borne by one
rail. In reality there were three rails,
for without the guide tails traveling
on the roud would have been, to say
the least, precarious. Speed of 110
tulles an hour have bocn made. If tbe
claims be credited.
Prof. C. A. Albertson. an electrical
engineer. Invented a magnetic mono
rail system which, three years ago,
excited Considerable enthusiasm. !5y
this system electric magnet gripped
the rail, raised the load and permitted
exceedingly hlsh six-ed A Secd of
i'Si miles an luiur was said to be os
slble by this sstcm, but It Is -needless
to add. these Enures are entirely theiv
German Road Successful.
The Irish monorail and the German
aerial system have btn-n put to prac
tical test and the latter, especially,
a j pcara to have been regarded as suc
cessful. Neither, however, has led K
the building of any similar roads. It,
markable and picturesque as are both
these railways. Mr. lUvnuan's gyro
s-p svstem hk excited far more
Hiph )H-ed ts one of the advant&gcs
claimed for Mr. Hrennau's p) iscot
car. He Is quoted as predicting that
S'M) miles an hour Is neither Impossi
ble nor Itnptaetlcable. It Is true that
few persons would be willing to In
trust themselves In a railway train
maintaining such sjwd. and In prac
tice ll m'.fcht be fouud more prot't !
to saunter along the monorail at a
mere i:i miles an buur. Together
with this tremendous speed, according
to the Inventor, tho monorail svsieiu
cariles absolute safety wuh rvlUVll
Ity. Tbe h!ph id, be )s. will rest
rather than furu U..w who trarol
by the monorail.
The Illustrations of Mr. P.rennan'f
Invention explain rather graphically
how he applies the gyroscope to his
two-wheel car. It should be under
stood that this Is the invention. Tbe
motor which actuates and propels the
car Is no novelty, and the car ltelf.
which seems to be built upon the chas
sis of an automobile, is only experi
mental. Brennan's Modus Operandi.
Fitted on the car are two flywheels,
which are revolved by electric motors
In different directions at high veloci
ties. To reduce friction the flywheels
revolve In vacuums. So great is the
en.rgy stored up In the wheels by this
means that If the driving power Is cut
off altogether when they are revolving
at full rrx-ed the wheels will still run
at a sufficient velocity to give stabil
ity to the vehicle for a long time
from 15 minutes to an hour Is tbe
So far as the gyroscopes are con
cerned, it is said that they are so ar
ranged that they work automatically
and do not require the watchfulness
of human control. The car may be
driven by any of the powers now In
use electricity, gasoline or steam
The mechanism is a very small part
of the car. In the model it amounts to
five per cent, of the total weight of the
car. but In the full-sized vehicle cow
being constructed ll will be proportion
ately less two per cent. Is the esti
mate. Speed of the Gyroscopes.
In the models the cyroscopes run at
the rate of about 7.V"J revolutions a
minute; in the full sired machine they
will run at a rate of about 3,K. To
guard aalnft the intense wear arid
tear of the delicate mechanism, the
gyroscope machinery Is fitted with ball
bearings. .Mr. I'n-ar.an has Introduced
his own system of lubrication, which
causes the working purt to run on a
constant film of v.!!. aud rvduces the
friction to an infinitesimal m!niur.i:.
Now, the r n,a:kab ft a; u re of this
I car Is found when the l-.ad ts morel
j to one siJe. ttroiiiaMly that fide
! should be loner t aa the lipht t-ide.
I but wiih the gyro cope monorslj the
reverse is the case. The heavy s:!e
actually rises hither than the side
that Is light,' owing to the balancing
l.n;u'e of the gyroscope machinery.
Utile electric current is required to
run the "gyros." owing to the care
taken to reduce friction to a minimum.
l"ui it is essential while the car is on
the rail or on a cabU- for it can run
tilm either and maintain its balance
that the "gyros" continue in mo
tion. When their spinning comes to
an end. the car, naturally, falls over
on Its side. The "gyros" are so nicely
(Hitsed and so well lubricated that, as
has bet-n remarked, they continue to
rotate for some time after the ower
which drives them Is cut off. lu order
to provide ap&lnst accidents, the car Is
rqulp;ed with what mi.ht be called
a crutch, which u.ay be let dowu ly
the movement of a lever, and so main
tained at level while the car a ad
"tyros" are at rvst.
Kept Secret for Two Years,
Although Mr. Uremiaa eompir'.rd his
monorail two years v at the r?j i t
of the Itrltish war otf.ee he kept It se
cret until a month or so apo. when an
exhibition took place before the Kovad
society. Mr. lrennaa showed hi
working model In his own grounds at
Chatham to a few persons who are lu
ten'sted In the novel railway.
At the demonstration at his home,
where he has laid a r:l and strrlcr.rd
a cable which topMher give In mi:.l
ature almost every difficult kind of
country to which iiulrjir.g ts ha
ble, Mr. Itrennsn's little car, whui Is
built to one vlphth sca'e. crrk d a t.iau
weUhtug 110 (h'uh.Si Diii lag cue o! it t
tests the Inventors little di.K.trr
was a pi.mcr. The itiachtce
d!cd ll) Inclines of ouf lu , and
skilled alojis the side of a hill which
tv'ltd at an ai ple cf K.'uud ac.i'.e
cur vi It rra without any !.- of s.a
biiity or ari'iTc'iitile of s;hJ. It
eroMM-ii ni'.ui.vture chasms vu a !-!
reb'.o and was stopped halfway across
tttittl H ibotoyras he4, but never
!-t ) h A ! t?-7e wsa
IV 4 f she gwt It il f-.'ra at
m-ti',frj vl rt:r.1 the r'i
sr t-d t's sir w-th pr-'i'oa
V r I - f.r ). who fs i - i, J. I
khrw'n ?'. Ids t", -", ?! th
p.,'!fh gi.v frr; r; r.1 f)"h.M-d r tre
ear ri for Lt;f a rr.::;ra S-. af.
V-iT t).! lnr-n'ion, whS'h I i!gJi:y r
ear it' 4 in itrtush tiaisl c'.rt'.'i, Mr.
isi'trt.an was made :.; isi'.s of the
ba'h In lk. He Is r.r.t.;:ir,g to-t!rni-r
of tbe lirernao trrpd f."ry.
He says tbe gfroiwo;. r is sa I
rMUtn ojfja which te has cn
g.if"! nearly a"l tie l.f. The M-a
citne to tlra when he first traveled
alotg aa Australian rad. The rtl
was baS!y made, full of re's, atd the
bodies of the cars r?i4 on l-'ir
Instead of springs
During part of tls cxnerlme&u the
British war office came 1st Mr. E-eo-nan's
aid, for tbe army council be
lter the possession of the cvjaoraJ
of the greatest isportasce. The war
oSce gave the Inventor I'.O.fK to con
tinue his experiments, and the crrmcll
not only made frt-qoect vtalts to the
workshop, hut Invited the Inventor to
give two confidential lectures on the
aubect before the chiefs of th cor;
of engineers at Chatham.
To Run in Ind.a.
It Is believed that the Crt practJCAl
monorail using the rrro&oope win be
built in India, for the India cSce re
cently granted the inventor t-5.fr-J
Diagram of th Car.
to continue his experiments, and Mr.
Rrencan has Intimated that it is ia the
Uritish colonies that the system w
first be put Into actual us.
CAT AND CANARY CHUMMED.
Strange Friendship That Was Ended
'n Tragic Manner.
This Is the strange laJe cf Dick acd
Tom. Dick was a pretty. Jolly, aril
very tame canary. Tom Is the intelli
gent cat which allows the family cf
the narrator to live w-ih hirti. Be is
a coble fellow, as good fs gold. Dick
and Tom were great friends. Tbe bir4
had ci'ich fre-dom and would ofiea
rest between Toms two front p.aw
and chlrji away at him. Sometimes
tbe rat would lap the birdie's f ahers,
so very gently, yet it was tfcoucht l-y
on looer the little creature '.d mit
ri"y enjoy the bath, but he wjtild
endure it f;-r a little while. When :!,
c.ge d-x.r was cpencd be wou;J fly ot
ar.d Krst rest en Tom's head ru v. he-tstt-n
his cars arid If-sj-.n to nnt, "e
at ke-p!ag as sti.'l as a mouse nr.'. 3
l.U little j-UyfeUow f.nifh-J !.U
Tho trick t'jok plice Beaily every
Ciornlcg. lint one d.vy a strange j-u.
marked like Tom. wandered into the
room and the niaid. believir.g it was
Tom. opened tbe cage door, trick flew
toward the usurper to rvt on. the
friendly head, as usual, but there was
a wild rprirg. a sr.ap. and poor little
Iltk was oead There has ben
mourning In that household, aad cone
of the bumufis ha grieved more or felt
worse than old Tom. who goes mewing
and collies for the little bird. Hut no
pretty Cuff of yellow and (trwo Cies
to him, chirping cheerful grvel'.ES-
PUT RATTLER TO DEATH.
Gila Monster's Victory Wen at Cost d
H'S Own Lift.
Vr. James IV Pullltt. of Iouisvt'.le.
writts of a gll mounter and a nuV !
snake: "A two years' n-si.lecce lo
Arirona ma.le me quite familiir with
both of these reptiles; for a food part
of the time 1 had one cf the former
tied to the leg of my office table by a
ilng. In Ms native habitat the tv.oa
ster Is credited with toeing the enemy
cf the rattle.nke :iJ Is saij to k.'.l
him. Chancing lo hav Ko.a re;tiU
on hand at the .vu.e Du e. I put them
In a large hex together aad awltvj
"The tattler c'.lid In ia ea.l cf lh j
box; the luvtr.s'.t-r wei'.4 si.V'.e up tc
I. mi. rv. l under his coils wtt hl j
atd f.nallv r.l; d..wn on a ev.kl & 4t !
the tall- The rattler would thea s'.ritiii
to the other ecd of t-e ox aad rrvil
Af'rr t!:! t.4.1 t; -p-ce,! a tumtcr "
tliues the mobster Cnaiiy sui-cy-edoj It
-:-tt g the snake by (he on I. asi
Kick of the head
"He held a trtu grip ua'.il the sr.k
was choked to deaih. Ifce tuonstri
sickenej an4 d'-ed a cni; !e of dxyi
afterward. On rtsotlm tis skiu I
fiMind two luocturvd wouads oa hit
back, evidently tie rv-M;!l cf th
rijk.e s hsv.i.jt struck him ot.ee ""
Vve t Sfsct a Cr.tic.
Arthur W. I'tnerv is the authority
fi r ihe fo'.'.osntsx story slvai th U.i
J'ci h Kcift
At a uji-r pr.y at tho Carrie k
liub -m vva-s a tt. air U'4.1 U:a
ser wound up a hat-.oivu sje'h tv
iivUnsi fci tMOvUstea that tt soulJ
b tv. tbe aJvtiti)( of th dsir-.a tt
ttiustr were made vf all tae t ti '-'. rs-a
ritt'.cs and ttiey were sbot e!.'n.i-l
Mr. ki.'.iitt. cill ,pai t reply tv
this plfl strH'titre. ive, aud Us lu
livtust tot:es si ke a tviioww:
'tlviitlvisveu. I ta b tae fi:rtrl
ob;vi:.-tt. iiud-w'.aa4 to the four x
pn b Mr. X. trov'.jt j lt:t. tn
tiieivr, we .' ahol tvCore b-i!!t la
viivj U wnue swva eblrrtaiiiuiett' '
at or uer r: :ewa r trveu'.lj j r
v! J at t's tk.t'.r "
for Setfer er Wsrwe.
A cr.-.'4r r..-t" h r.'itl) ft
l-ili'wl i;"i.r. H ttm rf
V.t fcfTViai a i;.ss tt
r-.:i.t f.:i lu tv. r"T ":: t-. -.
0 of th )!;.-. in".l tt (.-'V.xrr'-A
tt s!-.l- 4 It f,
.'.:'. as ti r..-r1z" Tie w',f,aa
f.:4 is it. r-wr t5'.
-Awfii ta.-4 xp tf'';rt. "Raws
Thtt sa ar!e icsy t t''A f wn
a chp. r.4 g'. e en'Ire u'X'K'4,
U f.r'jtra ty ti.e e i '.t ixa ry 4
I- ar.ee f?'xfr. e-it i
t::-.g ae-tfcini Sf'h tia
cs . Yi cf aaj cO,er trail t'jt
l::::L:4 yea say he Lu tort
S'.Z Si; wiy, he tas't erew g-X
K sse. I teer kwm him t
kk.k ia tls U.V! Totierw
Ot1,v of Sw York.
New Tor city is mow (p-cw'jt aX
the ri'-e of a--il 4 IS prces eaci
?-w.ts , sv3 far lw-V JSf'm
t.atvr r.-fmr 1A et n. IH
A g;:ia tit n
vc the her'w
i , , Jm mi in mi ll '
ra&ke kiliinj combina
tion for e!d.fowl or trap .
powder shells er.joy luch
a reputition for uniform
ity of loading and Btro"jj
shooting qualities as
Leader" and "Repeater
brtndi do, cod no
shotgun rr.aio shoots
harder or better thaa
TH CT aa I U AS g rCH BACH CTH C a
tks liltU fltia.
TWf sa rw;w IH
) dvWe I "aw llwff
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