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Y Y7 wTPrvTT Tf7Trr ATT
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HOSK who live In thewe'1-
watered port long of the
world, where rich vegota
tlon cover th surface
and protects It from the
denuding force of lb
wind, can have little reali
sing sense of the effect
iveness of thla ever-wcMve
geological agency. Vet
even In some well-watered region
dune are familiar phenomena. Dune
are lmr!y "drift" of sand, closely re
sembling the snowdrift of winter and
protection against them ia secured by
Imllar nieuna. At In snowy regions
one sees long llnea of clone board
fence tome distance from the wind
ward side of the railroad to top the
drifting now cn It onward career. o
be may In uinr.r place ee wind
break to top the drifting sand. Hut
In many cajie where the windbreak
I not sufficient a constant force of
workmen la necessary to remove the
and from the track at stated Inter
val or after every unusually severe
tonn. At tufj? t-'STil OijLriillrjBd
compnnle, to their aurrow, learn tips
ennrmou power of tbl constantly
acting. geological force In transferring
finely comminuted earthy material
from one place to another.
One of the best known localities for
observing dune I found on the outa
eastern shore of I.ke Michigan.
Nearly all. If not all. the railroad ap
proaching Chicago from the east pass
through this series of dune as they
conic around the southern end of the
lake. Many of the dunes are very
fresh, with no covering of vegetation,
and rlfce, like snowdrift, E0 feet or
more above the general level. Other
are of such age that they have been
covered more or les with vegetation,
trees of considerable size being found
upon them. Hut In all case the ac
tion of the wind. In moving the and
southward from the lake. I evident
The wind blowing from the north
keep an exposure of bare and upon
that itde and drift it over Into expo
sures of equally bare sand upon the
outer margin. The width of tht belt of
dune around the south end of I.aUe
Michigan averages a little more than
one mile. The material, belr.g clean
wmh1 sand, I unfit for agricultural
purpose and the area I occupied by
very few bouse, and those mostly be
fiiiigli.c to rnliaay employees.
The source of the material of
which tin dune are composed and
the rate of It mo eii.ent are subject
of great Interest. T!.e nnd Is de
rived. In the first place, from the
shores of the lake further north,
which ar constantly In ing eaten
Into by the ivn and currents. All
along the aestern shore, from Kvansv
ton to Kaclne. the wave are wearing
away the shore at an average rate of
three or four feet per annum. The
material that falls Into the lake from
the bluffs thus eroded la worked over
by the wave until the very finest
particle are washed out and floated
It. to dorp water, while the sand re
mains near the shore and I gradually
washed southward by the prevailing
currents. Kvcryone tn Cblcsgo know
bow land I forming on the shore,
giving rise to legal contest a toowa
erahlp. From observation of the
t'tilUd 8tat engineer It w found
that i:?.0o0 ruble yard of sand were
annually stopped by the two pier
Which were extended out Into the lake
to deep water. This vast amount rep
resented, bowevvr. but fraction of
the whole amount of sand that was
being carried by the currents past
Chicago to the south end of the lake.
On reaching the south end of the
lake (he sand I washed up by the
wave during storm and left for
Considerable portion of the year ex
posed to the action of the winds.
Which have drifted It out Into the belt
of dunes, with which so l.vrge a por
tion of tint traveling public famil
iar. Hut. owing to the fart that the
prevailing wild of this region are
Westerly, the largest accumulation of
dunes Is found upon the east shore.
Si Michigan. Traxelers upon the
Michigan Central railroad cannot fall
to have noticed these great drift of
and, nearly !M feet high, at Michi
gan City. This bll of dune, about
a quarter of a mile wide, rising some
time to more than i0 feet In height,
extend northward all alot g the shore,
being speiinlly prominent at 8L Jo
seph ami tirtind Haven. In many
place they threaten to overwhelm
Miole villages and to compel tho rail
road to remove their track to get
out of the a ay of the drifting mate
rial, while In soma c.tse house and
forest hare been completely burled
out of slsh'.
It ha been profitable to dwell thus
fully upon th dune around tho
oulheastern portion I,ake Michi
gan, not because they are the largest
or the most conspicuous In the world,
but because they are ihe most acces
sible and the best known to the
people of the Cnlled Ktate. In some
rvpect a still more Interesting belt
nf dune occurs In western Nebraska,
(retching nearly acros the northern
part of the state, approximately par
ailtil with the course of Ui North
I'Ulie river, but at a distance of many
Xv r.mnrT: nr,iir,D.f k WDinirr
m a-w aawv&.'- xw
A. M.t LL. D. Eft
mile from It Tbl consist of a belt
of sand bills a half-mile or so In
width, which Is lowiy traveling east
ward across the state. The prevail
ing southwest wind are constantly
blowing the material from that side
and drifting It over onto the north
eastern side, thus gradually shifting
the line of the belt. So Irregular are
the drift, however, that Innumerable
ho'io. re left betw een them, and o
slow I tLe movement that vege tation
cover their slope and water I pre
served in them; bence they furnish
favorite center for ranchmen.
The ource of the material of this
traveling embankment moving o ma
jestically acros the western plain
of Nebraska and the manner of it
movement are even more Interesting
than the similar phenomena around
Lake Michigan. The sand of which
this belt of dune I compc-sed I prob
ably derived from tho trough of the
Matte river, where during the great
flood of a former period It had be-en
brought down from the Rocky moun
tain and deposited along the banks,
whence It was lifted by the winds and
sMrtet ur It vletetfirm career over
the uplands of t!,e Interior. The whole
movement 1 exceedingly slow, but It
Is eaMly perceptible, cspi,.l!y to
thou mho hr.ve bu"t their houses and
fulthnu-d their gardens upon the
eastern side. Hut when one consider
the vaM amount of riiaterl&l thel I
I'elrg transported by the lnd a!ong
tt.ls entire belt the movement I ma
jestic In the extreme.
The arlj lands of Vtnh end Arliona
and other portions of the great west
afford Innumerable Illustrations of the
activity of wind In drifting sand Into
re-ctons distant from Its original
source of supply. The desert of Saha
ra. Arabia and the region about the
Where Our Dolls Are Made
Soma Factor! In America, But About
2,C00.0O0 I Contributed Yearly
to Foreign Makar.
Iv!! have amused the world for
age, and eem to hve been well
known In the dnys of the Pharaoh,
for. In the tomb of ancient F.gypt.
figure of painted wood, of terra
cotta. of Ivory and of rag h .ve been
found whose limb were mads mov
able for the delight of children.
In the ruin of Ktrurla similar toys
have been discovered, and In China,
a well ks In India, movahio figures
were made to act from time iuiiuenio
rlnl by hand and on strings, or a
shadoa behind a curtain.
The ancient Creeks were expert
In the manufacture of puppets, In
cluding wax dolls, and several of
their poets allude to offerings of dolls
to Artemis and Aphnwtlte. mada by
Diiildeu before their marriage.
mU were eldctly first Intended
to amuse children, but th adult
soon adopted (hem a a ource of in
(er(alnment. Puppet hos were all
the rage la Kurop In the sixteenth
century, arriving at ucb perfection
that the performance rivaled lu at
traction those of living actora.
In Covington. Ky., 1 the largest
doll factory in the United States, and
(here are many other vslabllshmeut
In the eastern states. Hut the most
dolls, and we are sorry to have to
say It, the best doll, are Imported,
and the American children contribute
about IS.Ol'O.OOO uvcry year to Kurop
There are omo very fin doll
made In Kngland: but the very finest
come from France and Germany, and
(hey are mndu with a degree of per
tectloa most urpiihtng. Even cheap
doll can close their eyes and ay
"papa" and "mamma." For a little
more incMiry you can buy a creeping
doll or a walking dolt. Then there
are doll that sing only the music,
of courc and (he very latest doll I
provided with a phonograph, and will
reelt prose and poeiry.
Germany 1 (auoui for lb manu
Red ea are cnred with euro mov
ing drift, but rioit attention ba l-e
itraeled to then In tbe nor thickly
settled portlou of Eurr;pe, where they
bavs occasioned the population an tin
nifim amount of trouble. Tta cot
of Norfolk, In Kngland la fringed with
arid Mil 10 or 0 feet Id height,
where In more tbn omi Instance
whole village and ancient church!
have been burled by lb material. In
ICccle the village church lu 1S3
almoat completely bid by the drift
ing' and which enveloped tt, while
30 year later the aam wind which
"""""" ' J
had buried the church uncovered it
and exposed It to view upon the other
side of the dune. The churches ol
St. liran and GwltMan In Cornwall
parsed through similar experience,
while in 1CC8 a part of Santon (Sand
town), near Tbetford, was over
whelmed by and which had been
Blowly blown In from five mile to th
weft. In the course of a century this
dune had traveled four mile and
spread over 1.000 acre of land.
The northwestern coast of France
Is rpecln!!y exposed to the destructive
movement of dunes. On the coast of
C.hscony "the sea for 100 mile Is o
barred by sand dunes that in all that
distance only two outlet exist for
tho discharge of the drainage of the
Interior. Aa fast as one ridge is
driven away from a beach another
form In It place. o that a eerie of
huge sandy billows, a It were. I con
stantly on the move from the sea mar
gin toward the Interior."
The entire coast of Flanders and of
Holland and northern Germany Is girt
with these drifting snd Mil. In Hol
land they sometime rise to a height
of I'"-' fe t, but average oniv from SO
to fill feet. Dur.es of smaller extent
also line the western shore of Ireland
and Scotland, but on the Dutch c-vast
they are sometime as much five
miles wide. On the exposed sh"res
of the I'.ay of rt'.ecay. where vegeta
tion has not had time tn prote t them,
they are (raveling Inward at the rate
of 16 ft t per annum, w hile In IVn
n;ark they are in some place moving
a fast as 24 feet per annum. The
only method of protection against
them, which, happily. Is partially suc
cessful. Is to plant pine forests, which
readily grow In the sand and through
the production of turpentine become
the source of considerable revenue.
facture of toy and doll, and the
small town of Bonneberg, in tbe
Thuringlan forest, alone produce ar
ticle for (be amusement of children
(o the value of 1150.000 yearly.
German ladle are expert doll
dresser, and (here I a yearly Christ
ma exhibition of doll at Perlln. A
great deal I made of the Ilerlln doll
exhibition, and society turns out In
targe numbers to patroulte It
Tberw are whole town In Germany
that do little else but n.ske doll for
American children. Tbey are tuetly
simple country folk. They get tnail
pay for making even an xceiin(
doll, but It must bo remembered that
their want are few.
Fsmlly Study Valuabt.
SM-nklng to the student In an Eng
lish women college. an educator
said: "Dig out all your family sk.b
rton Your relative will probably
be annoyed, but dig th-tm out and face
them. Make out your pedigree, tra
cing your family back to your great
grandfather and Ihelr brother and
sister. I'y (hi mean you can barn
vc hot trait to avoid and bat dis
eases to guard against. It lakes time,
tact and temper (o hunt bark to (h
record of one' family, but it I worth
l(. Two men niy eem (he same, yet
one man may hand down disease and
crime to hi descendant, while the
other may hand down only those qual
ities that are goed."
What They Will Do.
The member of th graduating
tias of Wellesley college are tSS ta
number and of these only eight will
admit that they plan to marry when
school day an over. Eighty six of
them except to become teacher, two
will be professional farmers, nine will
do religion and charitable wcrk. tlx
will adopt literary career and three
111 travel, only on expecting to take
up domestic science. t I said that
but lew of the act expectfr.g to teach
really care for this kind of work Se
enty three of the class will eltuply
lgr at l;ou,.
fellow ! 4v!c.
Quaker Oat Is tL-e bst of at fools;
It Is also f.be c he pt When 'b
on a f-rof. Flbr . Yal University
lid sir Jsiues Cri'b'.on l!roL,
IX D.-l" K S of Lotsdon p"t!d the
Us-st Prt of their live lo M!rtr
the great tjueetlen ol th Bourltbitf
r.d strengthening quall'les mt 4it? rrjt
f(Xla. it ( certain that tfcelr advlc U
toluelT safe to follow.
HrofesK fisher fo'jnd lo bis ex
periment tar testing the rtrer.g'a ar.1
endur(ice of tblet that (fee trw
cater wets eihaas'.eef, li.r.g t-f(,r ttj
men wbo were fed cvn v b f4 a
Uutk-er Oat. The lower fjf erdur-
anee of the nonmeat ester er
Xl-out tlsbl Uiur tbot of tbf uat
rsir Jarui Crli bton I'rone s.y
eat more e.s'r.esl, eat plenty of It n4
eat It frtMjjently. ti
rac ked In re gulsr slxe pi kaj:-s, and
beruietlcally stal'.-d tic lor bcrt cli
Spreading th Ne.
Pormat-r Fuller of Rockland, i!e..
was the sparkling w it at t' e postmas
ters' dinner. He announced with mock
nlf-rnrvtT faf he I Ri 1 it received
word from bi cnnrwunas tl t ti I
name had been ent in aomewbe-re In j
Washfrgton for reapro'.ctmerit In I
recognition of bis eifEr.-itst servUe and
the vote he could twin.
"I have dashed the momentous r:e
of my triumph to dlstar.t Rockland to :
my wife, and If I am acejua'nted with ,
the lady, a I believe that I ax. the
glad tiding Lave ere now penetrated
to the most remote section of that
district," wa a tally that brought :
dow n the bouse.
$100 Reward, $100.
Tt rafi psotT 1 t HH v Ymrm
ttAl Urt m SI Swl dr M ul m
tkM t--Ki to rjrf Sa sit lu mm d tiiftt
Uum H ;'rii c-urs at l" rr.,j
f-'r bow k'.. to turn ir': (rMrr.nj. r-
su s ofuluvc:M am- s er!lm
ISK.sJ kit e4Arr cur If trn
WT-ki!v rt-s ir ' T STXW c hiaud -3 c y' M
SurUS id lu Uimtr cr-T'
S -!.--' e th Caw. -'"- -'" pr-
vurtib It U'-.tf up Vim eif.".nil( w4 immu
S r.utr n 1 n -k- 1j j--i' !.
x. r. to rw rjnuw p- 'r t-.l ttr oCl
e.K H sxlrtj 1 l sr? fas tLt a Ums s
Sue 1 ci.w
Aia-wr.j e-Hi st) tiu. TsSniaa
'"Why er yes." Miss Goodley ad
mitted, "pe-rhap you did tear me tell
ing the minister I was only twetty
two" "Oh, I'm surprised!" exclaimed Miss
GadJiet. "and you a Sabbath school
"Hut," Mis Goodle y protested, "the
minister ha told u if alway better
to rmderstite a thing than to exag
gerate." , Sample Box of Reslnol Ointment
Was Nearly Sufficient in
Enclosed find money to pay for Res
IcoL Just the samples you sent has
almost cured Eczema cn cy litUe
girls face. I will gladly tell my
Uiend of tbe great merit of Reslnol.
Mrs. Emma U. McConkey,
Hcker Vall-ry. V. Va
se ot Esaetly What She Meant
Fhc We've bin very tuy at the
mothers' r:.ettin' gettin' ready for the
sale of work
He th' I 'oj i It !1I be a success
She Yes. I thli.k so; e-r - the
vicar Is goln" to take u.c-t of our
clothes iff of us Taller
Important to flotrerj
Fcnmin.- careful.)' every tcttle of
CAsTuliiA. a sale and sure remedy tut
Infant and children, aiid see that it
In Tse For Over :Ut Year.
Tbe Kind You Have Always Lki..i.t
Lawyer So you say tbe dcfe-r.dar.t
pushed you against cur will?
Witness No. air; I said he pushed
me against tbe door
Real. Xlrak.. Wear?. lrr I" re.
Rrhrved lt Mjnna I've K,riit- Trv
Murine Ker Yuur l.r Tixiuti- 1u w iil
I .ik e Murine It S- tt. . s t. - st to.l
I'rejcsiats Write )Vr ). ?sSs I re,
atureiw t'.y Hwnel) tV. CKicagtv
"If I d:e-d. would Jou pin awayf
"No. I'd sprue up!" Cleveland
A precious thing Is all the more
previous to us If It bss N-rn wcn ly
werk er tx-evnojiiy. Kuftklti.
Tll LOW Mollis IHK I elle.It-rt T.
Ke-p them ea l::te ;t!v le-i l'! Hll lllj.
All gntM sell isri-tr i of. jwcke4T, 5 cre.ta.
The 11 an ho b!s n th wre-r.g
horse I apt to havn a race prejudice.
n,.,.!' ?V rv? V..VT?..
... ., ,r ....se-v.. .. i n. w ' s ,r-a i taw! j
Umvly u, un thtf n an Ik hiuj It
1llfltW VtlMttV 1 TT V
fV.tr. .4sn le'lhl k'oVM lVaiit.A l-J
Wlien Yoa Think
Of the p"'i which sdt wxMnea evpceWaac wi-.V
SWHith it saake tbe geMlcaveMi Mi kuattues alas) mmK
red with wvxnantMHvd seta ta be slaat a vatna. I.
bile ia frwenl s roma rebels ajfatast bit sis rw.
gers sa a ntturaj ncveuitv there it sw smsu wlsa st-oaaLI
test g'sdly be lee Irenes thes recurring period U pua.
Dr. Prere's Fsvrlte Prcrlrlm mska
wtst suets arrest aaf act )
are, and gfree " frveVwss trmm
( 0tstrlla ftiisrttr, ssMtss ImlUtmm
mmtlo. airrJa af varw tm
Sick worn laaited to revasult tV. Tserca by letter.
Aw. AU srTMrKhsJeK etrseilr nw(w aavti kaeeedte
S.eakJevii. t rite witHoajt tear aoj wiikxaia sa lea Va octj Epasry kiad.
teal AsMH-catiua, K. V, i'ssere, M. IX, l"ravia, t&kiuo, N. V.
If yoa want a bowk ttutt trlla all mb wcumaua' ibisaas. aavl W to ewre
tbesa al Isnaea, samat H mm csail siaaufas Sis lie. fsteca K pay awast saauitag
aas, aJ be will assd yva a ft euey vt ku gea itvuaaaj-pa( tiitMra(a4
IVaaiaaoa barasa MsAitral AJMate-miMd, v4vsta ad4tMMs, sa paswe wetiv
la aVaSHlMMXt elvath-baoatisig, ii Maassaes.
J!g-r.'i Vi i.en a v.hB
atXi'.us to slow b: k.wakd
V.l,ci Le g-' o.r le's
J it as anir;s to coi-.n) t.s lezs
ar.ee. LEWIS' SINGLE BINDER."
A band ma in elgar frf-sh fmn the
table, wrapped In loll, lias k"-;:i.g
frfsh until Djcjked. A freb r'tu
Itade of good tobacco Is tie lieaj
moke. The old, weil eur4 tx,bc-js
ned are so rich In quality thS &acy
who formerly rooked 1LC clgif tow
smoke Lw!' Singae Binder S.raigit
Ec Lewis' Sicgle l!iL-Jrr tb
dealer some more than otter 5e fiori,
but the higher price enables It is fao
tory to nse extra qiiallty U-tarco.
There are many Imitation: d'U't t
foolc?d. There Is no sabs-ltest' TeU
the dealer yoa want a Lewis "S'zf'tt
An Unusual Attribute.
Little Johctle. sto catoot pro
no'jLce S. ba ta fngV.-n-d Into
kc-e itg out ol tbe attic ly tale told
by his nurse of a dreadful ghost that
lives in tie dim rero-sse uxder tie
eaves. The other day be was over
heard to say confidentially to a sxail
"AYe've got an old gto't up In cir
To which tls friend, nrjch Inter
ested, resonderd: "Do be battT"
Desire for Information.
"itrs. Gaddirgton wants to krow all
about everybody's business "
"Yes," replied Miss Cayenne. "She
regards matrimony as a failure be
cause she didn't marry a census
s.iiiiiii jwfu. ;" i eww.Mussjmij ' "ABWbimbvuw.ji
Priaii'fcVe-- yy. i ! i r J;)--r;U- 'Si ii.ri'ii.'fr
; i s,..- -w-'
. ,. i?M.Mj.:MHr .... ,
Syrup cf Figs
wcrli as lh- best
f:r men. women
has th; full name
Syrup Zx printed
y package It f;r :
r.g druggists every
:r.!y. regular price
bctt'.e. The Imitati?;
:s c:'fercd are cf bferi
id vio r.:t give :a:i:
j A tlrr.
STOCKERS & FEEDERS
M..1M aju:;: rvi 4k-i rn
swiBttl imi w irrA. lf of YVkr
Mb.' Il St f TvHk. lWlt.i;. Uv
t U4km Irr-4 ' Vaif"- t-r.i.fas,- t a -
r4 V 1M fc4 y f )vUwe4.
National Live Stock Com. Co.
! Al aSW
f aUMMtstrlU StV. W . Osjatl-tx. k.
W. H. U M'til C Xf, No. 2-!-. X
1V , ,)
FIGHTERS Vi THE Mi.JC?.!TY
Ve') Mjae!ee e1 Csfl'eejs W
T'-re-l f -t H H4 Beam
Rprr, tatlve i'.ry MaynarJ oT
V!rg r.la t V. tfce i:ry ef lo-w a rw.
I:gVis r4d g- It t f:r?Vt fit ft
!"P to the ier:e of Cbr.'! cbag
Ky to the C'vcgra-srs'yjsj 44 gat
a imW. It sw tt w
a pr,! !a tbe efc ire, tn I't.K.
snuniarato f oce yr say st tt n-.
wko bad b t'.AT A a 'X.A lUSC
that I, sr.y tr,an t k.l ftJs-,4.
6'j'i.er iJ a xl'. at a rucr
At ti J of lie r tf ti r.i
fetlr !sM t:z"Ai-bt. be tr.t.
fj tj tiie -ii.inn' ttf t." at
" Ur k rej-A6r. ss-d b f -rira
by tfce f.i jr.'-1; -.n. Ta.s tttt oa
f'T rr-.".T ye,.-i At it a ywiffg;
car s f. :i r-:i : a tf-".'.r'y
iirs .-.i:. tr .1 a ; 1 -H1 tar re' s-'ii'r.-tt
Tie rVir rii.le- aa "
rt jf". ;;.J to t.-e tiri,:xi ai
Terj'xly lia to r-,t aa.l say
It -s : jc. -t '.tai tie ci.t
r. 1.- i s4-i :
lss.t lyt, ;i..s'.ti. -r I
b i-a'Vwi t.1 '.j ri-t-rula,
d.r as' t" - E-.-.-..S" l:t ti-.X a-'
(..f'5 aa" 1 t3 v.g ,!
, liir i.t . I se tr-i l:'
j Ti-U Vro'te t tie xv-jsg. Pcrs-
I Ujt M;ij r
tttVl bid be-s cajiJ is- tie Hoaaf"
" 'T K-sirs .- -.-." a tA. it. a V
jUirfi"y (rt4 a ix'S's BLae, i
tliat I g bo ByItg f .cr.cre rx-Tti-tiv-.'
Mxr.y a cia& la.U lo tr.ax. goo4 t
ca be svjei of tl tla try-
li.g a prove list P-ark U agaiut -'-
r c a, ss' w..
m-JLam .jkcry wot a mwn.t. . pM
cf the C
- Wht Covervser Deieesx, f IHLxiv
Sy AaaHt lit
. im a lajw ii iai IHiAkia. vm ma a a
V 1 . ei. . j i .......w
. I ' -i-. ei. H . w mtk lav
"A )f iakrt'rs.n I m
V-' -4 Itf ka aaje-
l-w. aa-A 4k.4 v -
I i 1
aase.- - te wi a v.. V-aa
M TrmrM.-i.v jasJsaA.vs,
ja Ww A.VHataa. '"
-gw lVMBfa W 4 tm-ei aW
v . i ss... . , I j Lw -aAVsay
. IIT MiiUWki.OIi. s,va.
t ' l . W '""j 1 1 ar . . ,l 1 -.
fC " ( 4 ' r " - V aasf l ue-
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