Newspaper Page Text
tfW t f
TROY, LINCOLN COUNTY, MO., FRIDAY, MA.RCH 16, 1866.
t Ikt msMMU Vrto Message
To-the Stnat of the United Statu,
- I late examined with oiro the bill
wtieh originated in tho Senate, and has
bees patted by both homo of Congress,
to amend an aot entitled "An act to
vttabliah a Bureau for tho relief of Freed
n. Safueoes. and for other nurnoses."
Having with much regret eomo to tho
3?J0Wn twi, ' JXlS .
i 7 2w Z7. t ,g"" 5y
tSnS..H-S IKiCtUn tbo
S?l!SiS- I y objections to
.its becoming a law.
...J. fS?M! .V..!04 '? a-Jva.nC of
iac gUj.TOgpm tnerc is bo iiuihc-
diate necessity for tho proposed moasure.
Tho-kct tohiblish Wetu for tin re
lief of Friedman and refugees, which was
approved in the month of March last has
not yet expired. It was thought striti
gont anjl extensive enough for the pur-pore-
in view beforo it. Beforo it ceases
to have effect further experience may
assist to guide us .to a wise conclusion as
to the policy to be adopted in timo of
peaoe . I havo, with Congress the strong
est desire to soiuro to the freedmen the
lull enjoyment of thoir entiro independ
ence and equality in making contracts for
their labor. But the bill beforo me con
tains provisions which in my opinion arc
not waarantud by tho Constitution and
are not woll suited to accomplish tho end
in view. The bill proposes to establish
by authority of Congress military juris
diction over nil parts of the United States
containing refugees and freed men. 1 1
would, by in very nature, apply with
mint Jorco to those parts of the United
'i.itiM in which (lie ficodinon most abound
ami it cxprcvily extend the existing
tin;oiairy jurisdiction of the I'rccdmcns
Murom with greatly enlarged powers over
those Statui iu which tin ordinary course
of judicial proceeding has been inter
rupted by tho llebeliion. I lie Fource
I'roin which this) military jurisdiction is
io oimiiatc, is none other than the Pres.
M.-nt of tho United State?; acting through
War Department, and tho Commissioners
if the Freed muiis Bureau. The agent
to carry out this military jurisdiction nre
to bo selected either from the army or
from civil life. The country is to bu di
vided into districts and sub district', and
the nurabor ot salaried agents to bo em
ployed lU'iy be equal to the number of
'ountic or parishe in ,U the United
tatri where ircedmcu and refugees are
i'i bo found. The nuhjects over which
h.s military juiisdietion is to extend is
verv part ul tlie united states, including
protection to 1111 employes, agent.- amian,i Onull v abrogated throughout
officers of ihi bureau, iu thc exeroisc ofmholn fnmiirv hv nn nmiMwlmnni r
.1.. ... 1 .1 1 i-ii
i lie uuiics iiupuscn upun iiiuiu uiu uiu 1
111 eleven Mute
1 1 is luriuer tu exienu,
n or .ill cases effecting frt'udnicn and ref-
ii.'ciH, dicrimiiiatud against by loeal law,
custom ami prejudice in those eleven
Stati". Thc till subjects any white per
son who miy be chargitd with depriving
.1 frccduuti wiih any civil rights or im
munities belonging t" white persons' to
imprisonment or line, or both, without,
however, defining thu civil rights and
immunities which are thus to be secured
t" freedmen bv military law This mili
tary jurisdiction aNo extends to all qucf
tmiis that may arise respecting contracts.
The agent who is to exercise the office of tin powers of the Bureau, for which pro
a military Judge, may be 11 stranger, on-, vision is made in the bill. The 3d sec
tmdy ignorant of thc l iws of the place, tiou of the bill authorized a go icral un
and cxpo.-cd to the errors of judgement limited amount of support tothedestitute
to which all men arc liable. The excr- and suffering refugees and freedmen, and
s-iso of power ovor which there is no 1c-1 their wives and children. Tho succed
gal supervision, by so vast a number of ing sections make provision for tho rent
agents as h contemplated by the bill, 0r purchase of landed estates !br freed
murt by the very nature of man be at- men, and for the erection for their bono
tended by nets of caprice, injustico and. fit, of suitublo beihliiigs for asylums and
passion. J he trials having their origin !
under tins lull arc to tako niaco wituout 1
intervention ot a jury
I. ....1 H.!ll...l ... I
lixed rules of law or evidence. The rulo
, nuu nitiiuuv iiuji
011 which offences aro to be heard and de
termined by the numerous agents aro such
rules and regulations as the President,
through tho War Department, shall pre
scribe. No previous presentment is re
quired, nor any indictment charging tho
oommisrion of a crime against tho laws,
but thc trial roust niocced on charges and
specifications. The punishment will not
pn as tnc law Declares, but such as a
court martial may think proper, and from ,
these arbitrary tribunals there lies no I It has never deemed itself authorizes
appeal, no writ of error to any of tho to expend publio money for rent or pur
euurts in which tho Constitution of tho chase of homes for the thousands, not to
Uitcd States vests exclusively. Tho sny millions of tho whito raco who aro
. . . .1 : ! 1 .... pi1 . , 1 .1 1 ...
juuicmi ponur ui iuu country, wuuu too
territory and tho class of actions and of
fenses that aro made subjet to this meas
ure aro so extensive, that tho bill itself.
suouiu u occome a law, will nave no nm-
itation in point of timo, but will form a"1
part of.tho permanent legislation of the
country, I cannot reconcile a syttcra of
military jurisdiction of this kind with
me words ol the Uonstitution, which do-
-r.v. u UKI3 ouau uu uuiu io goos end trecdmen received support from
ower for a cipital or othorwiso inra-1 tbo Government, but it was never intend
mauB crime, unless on a presentment or 0d that tbey should henceforth bo fed,
of-a ?ra.nd ,Jury' ox.cpt w "loUwd, educated and sholtered by tho
.-astt arising in the land or naval forces, , United States. 1 Tho idea on whiou the
i .il the.?n,1,tiawhon in actual sorvieo alavct woro assistod to freodom, wat that
!2.V?i. h" .or,Pl!bHo danger," and on becoming free, they would bo u tclf
tttat'iu all criminal prosebuUont, the sustaining population.
S7. onloy tho right to a tpeedy Any legislation that shall imply they
and publio trial by an impartial jury of are not expected to attain a scclf su tain
trie State or District wherein the crime it, condition, mutt have a tendency inju
ehal! havo been committed.'' I ri0Ui aliko to their eharaeter and their
ihe safeguards which the wisdom and prosperity,
xiwicnco of ng had taught our fathors The appointment of uu agont for every
.o establish, their securities Jor thc pro- county and parish will create an juinieubo
teetion of tho innocont, tho punishment
of the guilty, and the equal administra
tion of justice, are to be set QBido, and
for tho tako of a more vigorous interpo
sition in behalf of justice, wo aro to tako
the risk of the many aets of injustice that
would of necossity follow from an almost
countless number of agents, established in
OVfirv Pariah or nnnntv in nn-irlo n (liirrl
0fth8tat f tho Union, ovSr whoso
decision there is to bo no supervision
i nuJ oontroI hy tho Fo,!raI Courts. The
I power that wSuld bo thus placed in the
, flBnd, of tno pre8i(Jent is such, as in timo
'of Pcao-, oortaiuly ought ncvorto bo en-
. trusted to any one man. If it bo asked
-Whor tho creation of raoh trinnn.il
, - - -
within a Stltfl.ls warrant A(l a n rnftfianWi
of war, tho Question immediately present))
itself, whether wo aro still engaged in
war? Let ua not unnocossarily disturb
tho commerce and credit and industry of
the country by declaring to the American
people and tho world that tho United
States aro still in n coudilicn of civil war.
At present there is no part of ourcountry
in which tho authority of the United
States is disputed. Offences that may be
committed by individuals should not
make a forfeiture of rights of the samo
Tho country has entered or is return
ing to a state of pcaco and industry, and
rebellion is in fact at nn end. Tho meas
ure, therefore, sccinn to bo as inconsistent
with tho actual condition of tho country
as it is at variance with the Constitution
of tho United States. If passing from
general considerations, wo oxamino tho
bill in detail, it is open to weighty objec
tions. In time of war it was eminently
proper thut we should temporarily provido
for those who wer,o passing suddenly
from a condition of bondago to a stalo of
freedom; but this bill proposes to make
the Frecilmens Bureau, established by
the act of 18G5, as ono of many great and
extraordinary military measures to sup
press a formidable rebellion a permanent
pratioh of the public administration, with
its powct greatly enlarged. I have no
reason to suppose, and I do not under
laud it to be alleged, that tho act of
March, 1805, has proved deficient for
tho purpose for which it wns passed, al
though at that timo, and for a considera
ble period thereafter, tho Government of
the United States remained unacknowl
edged : moit. of tho States whoso inhab
itants had been involved in the rebellion.'
The institution of slavery for the milita
ry destruction of which the Fieediiicm
Bureau was called into existence, as an
auxiliary, lias heeii already effectually
. -j -j-" -.-........ w.
llio llnifr.il Ml
practically its eradication has received
tnc assent ami concurr
assent ami concurrence of timet of
those fctatcs which, at any time, had cx
istcd. 1 am not, therefore, able to dis
cern iu the country any thing to justify
nn apprehension that tho Frcedmcns Bu
reau, which were elicit ivc for tho pro
tection of freedmen and refugees during
tho actual continuation of hostilities, and
of African servitude, will now, in time of
peace, and after the abolition of slavery,
prove inadequate to tho same proper ends.
If 1 am toicct in these views, there can
1,0 iiu neeessitv for ih inlr,.nmnt. r.r
schools, tho cxpeuscs to be defrayed
frora tho Treasury ef iho wbnln nnnnln
till., tt . .. m ... '
i C congress 01 tnc uni
United States ban
iiin-nr liprntnfYirjv llmtovlil I IT. ...... I.. I
to establish any laws ?oyond tho limits of
tho District of Columbia, except for tho
benefit of our disablod soldiers & sailors.
It has never founded schools for any
class of our.own pcoplo, not even for tho
orphans of those who have fallen in tho
defence of the Union, but his left tho
euro of their education to the much more
competent control of tho States, of com
munities, 01 private associations ana 01
honestly toiling from day to day for thoir
A system for tho support of indigent
i , persons in thc United States was never
contemplated by tho authorities of tho
be advanced why as a pormanont
Hishmont it should befounded for on(
tr color of ono people moro tha
nor can any good reason
another. Pending tho war, many rcfu-
patronago, and the expense of the numcr
out officers and their clerks, to bo ap
pointed by tho President, will bo great in
tho beginning, with a tendency Bteadily
to increase Tho approplations asked by
tho Frcodmon's Buroau, at now establish
ed for tho year 1866, amount to 811,715
000. It may be safely estimated tho cost
to bo incurred under tho pending bill will
roquiro doublb that amount moro than
tho ontiro sum expended in any ono year
under the administration of tho second
If the prosonco of agents in every par
ish and county is to be considered us a
war measure, opposition, or even resist
ance, might bo provoked, so that to give
effect to their jurisdiction, troops would
havo to be stationed within reach of every
ono of them, and thus a large standing
loreo to do renaeroa necessary. Large
appropiatlons would therefore bo requir-
od to sustain and enforce military juris-
uavwv.. u.vij wuu.j tinu jiiiia.u jruiu
tho Potomac to the Rio Grando.
The condition of our fiscal affairs ia en-
eouraging, sut in oraer to sustain the
present measure oi pumie conndenco, it
is necessary that o praotioo not merely
customary eeonomy, but, as far as possi-
ble, severe retrcnohmont.
In addition to the objections already
stated, tho fifth section of tho bill propo-
sos to tako away land from its former
owners without any legal procccditics bo-
ing first had, contrary to that provision
of the Constitution which declares that
"Ho person shall be deprived of lifo lib-
city or property without duo process of
law." It does not appear tint lands to
which this section refers may not be own
. & it.' b rUnI- that thc
There are still further objections to the
uiu, on ground serious v a octinc t in
class of persons to whom it is designed to
bring-rolicf. It will tend to keep tho
mind of tho freedmen in a stato of uueor-
tain expectation '"d restlessness, whilo
to (hose atnoug wliouihc'livou it will bo n
soureo of constant ami vague apprchcu
sion. Undoubtedly tho fiecdman should
bo protected; but ho should bo protect-
cd by the civil authorities especially by
I a n7nri? ,f ft? C0lllt,,t,.,,?,
era of the courts of tho United .States and
nf I .1, ShlM Mil nri,.lili..i. I. ...I
exposed as may at first be imagined
is m a portion of country whero his
v MWMivtn vii'iiviuii ia iuu bij
. . .
cannot well be spared. Competition
his service i from planters, fmn those who
ouicr otaics, win eiiauiciiim to command
.1 c i . Ml . . . " ' .t
almost his own terms
He a so possesses
a perfect right to change his placo
3t -n,d I
aDouc, ana it, tnorcioro, no docs not
in one community or Stato a mode o
V iT. . ;-) . .. i '""'""o tno privilege ot tno writ ot liaocas corpus ireoumen aepenucnt unon tho Uov-
S. J? .? . i PrPlalcd lor Pubh." . lbc l0,l,ut "' 1,11,0 r. Pacc. ' was suspended on thc first day of Febru-, ernment for nupport; aA he shall provide
S 11, ib frnt n rT7"ialT.- t0 y 18"G' containing such refugees and or canto to bo erected, suitable budding,
noirnmSn? lh I tl, ,Ti J. V -S"""'?-. lUtricts, each containing for asylums and schools. But no ,A
Uovurnment. At present nil the neonle of eleven Stains' . I.. ..i . . . I !...,. ..1...1 1.. 4. .....
suitcu to ins cicsires, or proper ronumera- son ny mo pcopo ot i tno .Mates. Kiev-' auJ if a citiicu or enlisted man, shall rel , equal fienfflt of all laws and proceeding
tion for his labor, ho can move to anoth- on States arc not at this time represented coivo a sai,iry of not lcsi tUan Jvo hud. fo'r fcCcunty of person and citato, IS
or. where labor is moro cstoomnl nmi not. 1 in cither branch of Congress, ft wmiM ' .i .i.n . , . . . I J . .. , . ",iu
Ill (ruth, however, each Stato. induced
I... !i . i - i.
it iu unu nuiua uuu llliurusis, will UO
what is necessary nnd proper to retain
n.tmu . uuru.ra ui mo moor mans
!l. I .11 Tl l L .
needed tor the . cvolopment of its own
resources Tho laws that regulate sup-
ply (and demand will maintain thc.r force,
and tbo waget ot tho laborer will bo rog -
ulated .thereby. Then, is no danger that
tho l'm.-lt ilninnnil fur lnhnr nil) nnl nmn..
, : p r, ,. . ,,,,.-
nln in I". .. .Pll.. 1.1...... ...I-
u-w ... .uiui v.. viiu iuuuit.1, UUI1UUI 13, llll- ,
ficient consideration given to the ability
l-Al- 1'. 1 .. . . ... rf
01 me irecumen io protect and tako i
..P ll I Tl . .
uiuiiisuivus. it is no moro man
tico to them to believe that, ns they
received their Irocdom wit 1 .moderation
and forbearance so they Will distinguish
themselves by tlimr industry; and they
feel and will soon ahow to the world that
in a condition of freedom they are self-
susuiining, anu eapaoio o selecting their piain tuat an inueumto or pcrma- gKCt 3, And bo it further enacted, That interrupted by the rebellion which thc
own .employment and their own places of nent exclusion 1 of any part of tho country tho Secretary of War may direct such is- privilege of tho writ of habeas corps
abode-of insisting for themselves on a "ore representation, must bo attended by BUC8 0f provisions, clothing, fuel, and olh- was suspended on the first day of Fount"
proper remuneration, and of establishing , a spirit of disquiet and complaint. cr supplies, including medical stores aud ary, 18G3, subject, or cause to be sub-
and maintaining their own asylums and U unwise and dangerous to pursuo a transportation, and afford such aid, mod- jeeted, any negro, mulatto, frccdin m rc
schooU. It is earnestly hoped that, in- jourso ol moasurcs which will unite nny-rclli or otherwise, as ho may doom need- fugce or other person, on account of'ratv
stead of wasting away , they will by their 1 largo, section of tho country against auoth- fui fur Ul0 imracdiato temporary or color, or any srevious condition of
own efforts establish for themselves a ot seo 1011 of country, no matter how much shelter and supply of destitute nnd suffer- slavery or involuntary servitude, or for
condition of respectability aud prosperity. . the ilattor may predominate llio courso ing refugees and frcedmeii, their wives nnv other cause; to the deprivation of any
It is certain they can attain to that con- of immigration, development of industry nnd children, under uu h rules and rcsu- civil right secured to white persons or to
ditionouly through their own merits and and businois and national causes, will jaf,ons as he may direct: provided, That any other or different punishment than
exertions. raiso 1 up at tho South men as dovotod to ,10 pcrson shall bo deemed "destitute," white persons nre subject to for the com-
. Ij th's connection tho query presents tho Union as thorn ; of any other part ;of "suffering," or "dependent upou tho Gov- mission of like acts or offensci, l,all l o
itself whothor tho system proposed by tho tho land. JJut 1 thoy aro all excluded ornmcnt for support," within the mean- deemed guilty of misdemeanor, nnd b
1"" , r..irmvT o---- -i --- Jng 01 ims net, wuo, pctng able to tind puuisncu oy une not exocediuj one
oration, practically transfor tho entiro thepro declared not to bo iu full cousti- employment, could by proper industry thousand dollars, or imprisonment not
caro, support and control of four millions -tutionaf relatione to tho country they anil exertion avoid such destitution, su .exceeding ono year, or both; and it shall
.of emancipated slaves to agents, overseorH"ay think they havo cause to become ia ferine or dependence. bo tbo duty of Iho officers and nw.
Ul MDAIUHOWIB, WUU. UUIJUIULUUKL IT Ball ' M IVVUllii uuu EUUIIUIVUi UUUlIIDb UIU
iugton, aro to be located iu every county Government. Uuder tho political oduea-' tho President is hcroby authorized 'to ro- 'and hoar and determine all offeu'os eo.n
aud parish throughout tbo United States "on of the American, people, tho idea is sorvo from sa0 0r settleuiont, under the mitted against the provisions of this see
Mnl.iiilnn Pr.nlmn. .,..1 ..P.. u..l. lnhurAnt nml innrailiPiihln llinl (Vio nn. i ... i . , ' ,. . i .... .!
wu.u,8 nvvuini, uuu iuiujjvio, uui.ii
nmn nntitinnl nnila
I cannot Dot add. another crave obioo-
tion to this bill. The Constitution im-
pcrativoly declares, in counoetiou with
taxation, that each Stato thall havo at
least one Pepiciculalivc, and fixes Ihe
a system would inevitably tond to such a oi mo majority oi me wnoio poopio npart for tho use of freedmen and loyal Soos, m i' t ,v. frcUiinen, refifcc- or
concentration of power in tht Kxccutivo " necessary to securo a. willing aquies- rofugCci, nialo or female, unoccupK-il others who me persons discriminated
which would euable him, if so disposed, ceneo in legislation. The bill uuder Jands in Florida, Mississippi; Alabama, against in any uf the particulars hVn
to control tho action of a numorous class consideration refers to certain of tho Louisiaua and Arkansas, not exceeding tioncd iu tho proceeding section of thi
aud nso them for thc attainment of his States as though thoy had not been ful- in all three millions of uoreft nf irnnil lun.j. act. under such i nlcs nm rmil..il.M.
rule for tbo number to which in futuro ' far, at at least as eepends upon their own
timet each State shall bo entitled. It al-'action havo already been fully restored,
so provides that the Senate of the United and are to bo deemed entitled to en?oy
States shall be composed of two Senators , their Constitutional rights as inotnbers
from each State, and adds with peculiar of tho Union, Roasonmg from tho Con
feree that no State without its consent stitution itself, and from the actual stato
shall be jlcprivod of its suffrago in tho of tho country, I feel notcnly ontitled
Senate. The original act was necessarily but bound, to assumo that, with tho Fed
passed in tho absence of the States chief -, cral courts restored iu' the several States,
ly to be affected, because their people
woro men contumaciously engaged in the
Now, tho caso is changed, and somo
nl .I'll.. U..I.. ... .11 H
gross by loyal Representatives, solicit-!
nasi, ui uiv umiu uiu niiunuinc ion-
... I I. I 1 ....! l, ..
ing me nuowanco oi tno constitational
rtcht of representation. At tho timn
Wer. pf tho conwdcratioB. and uwinr;
pf tho.bill, there was no Senator or lien
rcsentativo in Congress from the eleven
States which aro to be nmiulv ftfieetnil !v
its provision. Tho very fact that reports
j cro and aro mado against the good dis-
iu.iiivu ui inu I'uuuirv, IB llll auuiiionai
reason why thoy need and should havo
Representatives of thnir own in Con-
grcss to explain their condition, cs-
pcciauy to answer accusations, nnd assist
by their local knowlodgo iu the pcrfec-
tiou of measures immediately affecting
thcmsolvcs. While tho liberty of dclib-
cration would then bo free, and Congress
would havo full power to decide accord-
iug to its judgment, there could bo no oh-
jeetion urucd that tho States most inter.
csted had not been permitted to be hoard.'
The principle is firmly fixed in tho minds
of the American people that there should
be no taxation without representation.
Great burdens are now to be borne by all
the country, and wo may best demand
!?Call0"S f !" memnlnt the author-
J arc cxcluded-thoso who wc,0 fi.m.ful
uuruiu t'-u war, not less lliau utlicrs.
; The Slate of Tennessee, for instance,
, whoso authorities were engaged iu tho
rebel ion, was restored to her Constitu-
, tional relations to tho Union by tho pat
nicm nnd energy of her injured nnd
i betrayed pcoplo, beforo the war was
brought to n termination. They had'
plm-cd themselves in relation to the Gen-
oral Government; and established a State
iu!IInnti ,,d f wc" 'J"1 "?
ded iu tho tmacipatiou proclamation.
th-au l. ll..! I....
iwi mw tuvii un u uuu i uiu iimuilULUl
. . ... .. '
the r Conslitulion so to. ibol.sh slavery
Mithiu the units , 0 heir State I know
no reason why the ctate of lennessec,
llio rrosiucnt ot the United Mated
mi t, ...... . ...
nUneta towards the i country in a somewhat
diflbrent attitude from that of any mom -
-f . C'onro43?' "J""" fr?'n " . "g10
district or State. Tho President is cho-
seem to bo his dutv nil, nil tirnmr nprn.l
J , l l wvw..
sions to present tltcir just efaiiin to Con
1 'i'i.... :il i.. .i:ir
slual1 tii unmja
II 1 m
n will lo uiitcronccs
, ol opinion in the community and individ-
I ....... V. . .. i.
- ku.j ui min.rcssioiis o
tho law; hut these do not constitute valid
objections ngatust ho right oi a S ato to
1 reprcscnta tioii. It would in no wise iu-
, torforo with ho d.scrc ion of Congress
with regard to ho qualification of mem-
1 hers. Hut I hold it mv ilnlv In rpi.enm.
- -- - - y j
ttximl I n viii in tlirt inlnwi.(. P
way i.avo occn, it prcson s itsei , not on-
y m an attitude ot loyalty aud harmony,
but iu tho persons of lioprosen at.ves,
Mo loyalty cannot bo questioned uyOor
th ox.s ing constitutional, or legal tests
-- - " ,
lv restored to tho llnitnd States. Ifthov
: , : t r . .
uave. not, lei us at once- aci logciner io
( couro that desirable end at tho earliest
j It is hardly necessary for me to inform
own judgement, most ol tlioic States, so
T.1. ' . p . i V ; " X 1 , "URono thousand do lors each, prov ded united Btatcs, through Iho Commissioner
and the interests of tho Union, the ad- Ba?tabIo clerks cannot bo detailed from to extend military 110011003.
pare .o e, , w .o us auare oi pun- tho army. And tho President of tho Un- diction ovor all cast's affecting such per-
,us uu luHinittiiuii, wuuu, i uur lUBuooruin- ,t01i States, thrnutrh I in Wr ftmrhnt sons so il scr n.innt,.,!
have ate, insurgent or rebellious its pooplo ,fi tho CnmmU.inn . l..n vii..'..i .n i Si-o H a,i !.r....i:
and in the full exoroiscs of their functions
tno rights and interests ot all classes of
tho people will, by the aid.of tho military,
iu caset of resistance to tiro law,be csscn-
ll.ll.. - 1 I. J .!!.! I
viuiiv yrviccivu iicuiiibi uucviisiiiuiiuubi
. Jf . L J t'.l..'
infringement and violation..
Should this expectation unhappily fail
which I do not anticipate, then the Ex-
cnytivo is already armed- with tti owqm
eonforrcd by the aot of March, iSGj, in-
tahlishing tho Frcedmcns Bureau and
hereafter as hcrctoforo. he can cmnlov tho
land and vaval forces of tbo country to
suppress insurrection and to overcome
vuaMuvuuua iu uiu ius.
I I return the bill to-the Senate, in the
earnest hopo that a measure involving
questions and interests so important to
e country, will no become a law. unless
upon deliberato consideration by the pco
plo, it shall rcceivo the sanction of an
enlightened public judgement.
Washington, D. C. Feb. 10, 18UG.
The Freedmen's Bureau Bill.
i4n Act to amend an act entitled "An Act
w cstaumn a jsurcau Jor tm rclvf of,
..... . . . ....
tieeamcn ana Jufuyett, and fur ether
Be it enacted, &c, That tho act to cs -
blish a Bureau for the relief of Freed-
Vide the section of country within which'
' ".X and 'K advice
,- mnuni .!, s:.,i.. a.
distant Commissioner for 'each of said di"
.iriMa. ,vho Kiinii :... isi-n hnn,U
p0mr,cn-,:iiinn nn r,rfnrm ,
1 .awB .vsavv.a UUklbt i-.xki.iiuM I II 111 l 1119
prescribed by the act to which this is nn section, except for asylums nnd schools,
nrni'ndinc.it; or said Uureau may, In tho frgmjny moiic not "specifically appro
discretion of the President, bo placnd uu printed therefor. And the Commissioner
der n Commissioner nnd Assistant Com- shall cause such lands from timo to time
missioncrs, to bo detailed from the army, to bo valued, allotted, nstigued and sold
:.. ...v,:i. .....1 i. .is.. ... , : ..,.,,.. .....1 r ;.i ? .,
,duty shall servo without increased pay
' n .rtl,,,,. 1 '
-""". . .
.. f t,l l.lir...!! . .1 ni
ur.u md. i u uu ili in uur i mi1 . i ' r.i
the Commissioner, with tho a
t.J0 lrcsidcnt, and when tho ,
i)C necessary for tho operati
iu uuuiuvi Ul VUUI111W.-1 Ul IKlllSUCS 111
BUeh district, ami .hall nt.'.n
;gub.district at least ono agent, either a'
1 cjtin,a officer of
! man, who, if an o
,,. , dditinnnl r,,
tuo army or enlisted
officer, shall servo with-
I uub uuui.tuiiiii uumpviisuiiuu or auuwnnec,
...... .1.1!. ...!... ii '
. red ilollars nnr mnrn limn Itvolvn Imn.lrn.l
. . ...... v.. vu.
dollars annually, according to tho scrvi-
l :.. .. .
ccs rendered, in full compensation for
ivimvivin iu iuu vuujiiuuaukiUll lUr
r.. o..in,;.. n. .i...:., ..r .t.
""'""n "u WUUUJ ut Ilia UUICO,
tako tho oath nrcscr bed in tbo first
tion of the net to which this is an amend -
mont. AuJ ,h0 Comuii.sioncr may, when
,ho samo bIwU bo noc09Sary( JB n in
oaeU Assistant Commissioner not exceed-
ing tbrco derfcand to each of said agents
, 0 .
ono oiork, .11 an annual salary not exceed-
. .'. . . J -
itary jurisdiction and protection over all
employees, agents, and officers of this Bu -
Mau j tho exorcise of the duties impos-
cd or authorized by this act or tho act to
wil5on this is additional.
iioinesieau or pru-cnipiion laws, unu t.o set
.n.l il,. n.. !..! ....j. ... '
wuHiuiiuoiuuur, uuuer mu uireo-
tion of the President, shall rmi.n ihn
Mn,e, from time to time, to be allotted
and assignod, in parcels not exceodins
forty acres each, to the loyal refugees
aud IVccdmen, who shall he protected in
tho use and enjoyment thereof for si:h
tcna'of timo and at such annual rent as
may bo agreed on between the Commis -sioucr
and such refugees or freedmen.
The rental shall be. based upon a valua
tion of the land, to be ascertained in such
manner as tlie Commissioner may, under
the direction of ihe President, by regula
tion prescribe. At. tho eud of such term
or sooner, if the Commissioner shall am
sent thereto, the oceupants of any parcel
so assigned, tjniir heirs and assigns, may
purchase tho land and receive a litis
.'l ... i .1 If.. ci. . . .
uicici') i.uiii inu uiuica ciuics in ltei
I.... . .1 .. .1 .. .
upon pacing (tici-ctur tho value of tho
laud ascertained as aforesaid.
Skc. 5. And be it Pavtbcr enacted, That
the occupants of land UAilotMajot, Gen
eral Siicnnan's lpceial Sold order, dated
at Savannah, January sixteen, eighteen
hundred nd ixty-fivCj nro hereby con
firmed in their poises-ion lor the period
of three years from the date of, said order
and no person shall be disturbed in or
ousted from said posset sion during said
three years, unless a settlement shall be
made with said occupant, by tho former
owner, satisfactory to tho Commissioner
of tho Freedmen' Bureau: Provided,
That whenever tho owners of land occu.
1 pied under General Sherman's field order
shall make application for restoration of
' said lands, the Commissioner is hereby
authorized, upon tho agreement and with
the written consent of said occupants, to--'
purchase, not excecdin
pro'.-uro otiicr iamn lor ttiera by rent or
1 1 ... , . '
1 . o - .'
lony acres lor
each occupant, or to sot apart for them.
out of the public lands assigned for that
purpose iu section four of this bill, fortv
1 ,,(:re ,ea.el1' n. non tcrn'3 nn J conditions
namctl 111 :ud sccl,01-
And be it further enacted,
mmissiouei'3 shall, under thu
of the President, procure in tho
he United States, bv crant or
i i. i... i ... . .r i .
aforesaid as maybe requi:cd for refugees
the samo entered into, nor other expenses
neurred, until after appropriations nhnll
havo been provided by Congress for such
jit-.linndo for l.ind. mLLt ,i.t-
punio?ci. And un payment shall bo
section of this net, ,,t a price not les
il,..n n,.,i n,M, c. n.'n.n. j
V . u mu v I1IICU OIUICS
And ba it further enacted,
that whenever in any Stato or district in
1 which thc ordinary course of iudicinl
1-ltll l!L;ilia UI I1UII1UI1 IlICS IlliniirM nn
whito persons. i,i,., .fX?
make and onfoico contracts, to sue. hi
parties, and civo evidence, to purchase.
lease, sell, hold and convevieal and nr.
......i i i V . .7 .
" jMuuufi, umi io nave mil and
diucttiA rntisl!liitinn-l rmU n(
a vi uvaitu
arms, are refused or denied to ueeroes
i.ii i- i .. O
mulattocs, freedmen, refugees or any oth-
av. ii ii.bu.tiii.
account ot race, color or
mition ot slavery or in-
.. vo untnrv terv tude. or wbw5..l.w
""J I'lvuuua iuuuiuu
' any of them are subjected to any other
odifferent punishment, pains, or penal!
tics, for the commission of any! actor "of.
fnc than are prescribed for white per-
eons committing liko acts or offenses, it
I.t.ii 1. .i. 1 V ... .. .
suau ue mo uuiy ouno I'rcsideut or the
.. . v ' v u .110
that any person who, under color of any
, State or local law, ordinance, police or
other regulation or custom, shall, in any
State or ilistrict, in which tho ordinary
course of judicial prociedins l,a, HZ
iioii, anu niso ni i'i pfc-cs ;. llnut in--
..'.. T : 1 . . .1 it -, 8. , . .
m . ciiuuui ui tno uuiica ciatc. Iliro
tho War Donarlmont. nb-.ll nrns,:h
The jurisdiction conferred by this antl
tho pieeeodiug section on the officer,
and agents ofthis Bureau, lial I c.uc uinl
determine whenever tho disenmiuiti-n