Newspaper Page Text
troy, 3io., Armt, ao, sis..
The Meitfc War.
The latest news wc have at this writing
elating lo the Modoc Indians nd the
Movement of tho troops against tbcm,
indicate that the Mod oca have, su far,
the belter of the government. It was
supposed, nod so stated few days after
tho treacherous murder of Geo. Can by,
that tho Indians wcte completely nr
roanded, sod that all that was left for the
troops to do, was to lay in wait and
ctarro tho enemy to ft surrender. The
Modocs, however, appear to have been
up to a strategy worth two of that, aod
dispatches from the seat of war, of the
22d inst., inform us that they have es
caped from the Lava Beds, and their
whereabouts is a mittcr of considerable
doubt. The settlers in that region are
greatly excited and uneasy in conse
quence, and many of them are removing
to the nearest and strongest settlements,
in anticipation of massacres and confla
grations. A reign of terror appears to'
prevail, notwithstanding the enemy is
said not lo outnumber fifty or sixty war
riors ; but this number, foot loose as the
Modocs are, and bent on mischief and
revenge, would be a terror anywhere.
The absorbing question now is, What
is to be dono with the Modocs? It
teems that they are quite able to lake
catt of themselves, and we had better
citc'h before attempting to hang them.
They arc now on the war path, and so
long as they remain hostile it will be
accessary to kill tLem wherever found;
and that they will remain in this attitude
is quite plausible, for they expect no
quarter after having violated the rules oT
war as they did in the recent massacre.
It appears that nothing but tbj extcrmi
tion of this warring tribe, will ever give
the people of southern Oregon and Culi
fornia security from their depredations;
and Gen. Sherman has already issued
lor their extermination; but i
should they surrender, which is very 1
improbable, many of them doubtless
preferring death, would not a concilia
tory policy bo better than to murder
them ? In the light of Christianity
wholesale slaughter would bo barbarous,
and less excusable with us than them
That they have aggravated us to a bound
less extent and treacherously murdered
ene of our best soldiers is true, hut can
the whites say conscientiously that the
red man has not suffered at our hands?
Tho tuba in question was inflicted in
1852 with a heartless massacre by one
Capt. Wright; it is said that he did so
to prevent himself and party being mur
dered at "a peaco talk" with them.
Whoever was wrong in that bloody affair
wo know not, but the recent massacre of
Gen. Canby was doubtless the outgrowth
of that eventful night, or similar treat
ment, for they are a revengeful people
and nurso their wrath to keep it warm
Besides, all the neighboring tribes arc
posted with regard to their movements,
and a spirit of extermination may cause
them to raise up in arms. That there is
d sympathetic cord between them is more
than probable, and a too harsh policy un
the part of the whites would largely tend
to inflame them to action, and create a
war that would rival in it sanguinary
results anything heretofore witnessed,
although the final result would be the ex
termination of tho wolo race ; at least of
all who did not succumb to the march of
That the government will cvor be able
to civilize the whole race of red men, we
do not bolieve. For two hundred years
or more they have been retreating before
the progressive march of the whites, ro
fisting every eocroachmont upon their
hunting grounds, until at last "reserva
tions" havo been Bot apart for them.
These are growing smaller, and they
look with distrust and fear upon every new
eocroaohment. Soon these reservations
will be occupied by the whitos, preceded
by bloodshed and loss of life, until their
hunting grounds will bo entirely des
troyed, and their manner of living re
duced to a conformity with the laws of
civilization or dopredations upon their
white neighbors. All who sumbit to the
former will be permitted to enjoy its.
blessings the others will finally disap
pear from the faco of the earth. The
oiperieuco of the past teaches this; for
havo they not been driven from the East
to the Wst step by slop, every foot of
bround being contested, until they have
now only small reservations left them
instead1 gf the boundless continent of
America. Tho Indians seo this tbein
leivis, and vhila it ties the effect of half
civiliiK s faw, it only feeds the ire of
hate in the hearts of others, which for
4 while may eraouldor, but when we
think the catnp firo of the warrior is
about extinguished, it flames up aod
burns with all the intensity hat chtrao
terized the revengeful nature of their
forefathers; and what we call treachery in
hem, bey consider heroic tho moasur
inj out us just desert to t owcafwl and
ttalc in lira.
peace was inflicted villi nnwarraoled
despotista, Louiiiunn is now. A gover
nor that was not elected, and who i dc
tested itj tho people, foisted upotf them
by a federal court and sustained by a
Provident no less rcrupulous, it seems
ought to be enough for one "freo" state
to bear; but carrying out the plan upon
which he was made governor, Kellogg
has inauzuratod an under and worso des
potism than tho one that placed him in
the gubernatorial chair. Feeling that
their liberties were being taken away,
and that they had no authorized state
government according lo the meaning
aind spirit oT their state and the national
constitutions, it is not strango that a
people who have beer taught to believe
that they are free, should refuse to sup
port a despotism thrust upon them; and
su feeling they determined not to pay
any taxes inlo a dynasty born of a corrupt
political court and responsible to nobody
for its actions. Kellogg determined that
they should pay taxos, and the result
has'b'ecn the imprisonment of a New
Orleans merchant without trial, judge or
jury, and his store closed, because he
refused to pay a license lax.
Now whether Mr. Booth who is also
a state senator wc believe was right in
refusing to pay bis license, wc will not
consider; he doubtless had as clear a
right for his refusal, as the federal court
had to itiflict Louisiana with a governor
and other officials who wcro not elected
by the peoplo of that state. But under
what laws of this country was Mi. Booth
imprisoned in a felon's cell because of
his refusal to pay a license? Conceding
that the present etato government of
Louisiana is the only rightful one which
every one knows is not the case had it
no law to resort to in the case of this
refusal without the use of threats and
violence? It certainly had. And was
that law imprisonment in a felon's cell?
No ; that was only the resort of a despot-
iu a cuuniry iiku uun, jiiu uuiy prupcr
way would have been to have hud Mr.
Booth indicted before tho proper court,
from whose judgment ho might take
appeal to a higher. But there is where
the shoe pinches. Will the state govern
munt of Louisiana stacd the tost before
the Supreme Court of tho United States ?
Its despotism will not be questioned
by tho President, and the resistance of
the people in not complying with its
demands, however preposterou , will only
bring trouble upon their own heads.
The President has all at once become too
much of a state rights man to interfere
unless called upon by the governor, and
as the governor is the man wbo is doing
the mischief, everything runs along
smoothly for the despotism. The
people may cry out for aid from the fed
eral government in vain. It is the Presi
dent's ox that is doing the goring, so the
people will havo to stand it.
A Rascally Judge at Last Foiled.
A New York telegram of the 24th says :
A dispatch from Richmond says the Su
premo court of appeals have rendered a
decision in the case of Underwood vs.
McVeigh, affirming tho judgment of the
corporation court of Alexandria, which
directed a writ to issue ejecting Judge
Underwood of tho United States district
court from tho possession of the hand
some residenco in Alexandria purchased
by him at the confiscation sale ordered
by himself in 1804. McVeigh, tho
owner of tho property, and wbo went to
Richmond during tho rebellion, iolro
duced testimony to show that Oakes
Ames, John B. Alley, Samuel Hooper
and Underwood & Son had organized to
cause tho confiscation proceedings to be
instituted. The Suprome Court, in giv
iog a decision, according to tbo dispa'ch,
declared, in its opinion, that Under
wood's conduct had been such as to
shock tho moral sense oi every honest
George Wolf was assigned n cell io tho
stato prison last week, in accordance with
a sentenco of tho Andrew county court.
Wolf was convicted of a heavy invest
ment in watches, which ho could not
convince the court ho came by honestly.
It seems Lis has been a somewhat even
iul life. Tho Globe's Jefferson City
special says ho was assistant Journal
Clerk of the House of representatives
during the session of the Twenty Fourth
General Assembly, and was a most ex
cellent clerk. At one timo ho was dep
uty sheriff and collector of Holt county,
Mo., and made an efficient officer and waa
jegarded as one of the best posted men
stout the court house.
A "Washington telegram of the 24th
says : Tlia administration has lately
givon Sew Orleans parties to understand
thai, if the people of Louisiana consulted
their best interests, they woul d at once
submit to the Kellogg stato govutnmeat.
No relief is expected from tho next Con
gress, as tho Republican party will then
havo a greater majority than during the
lreciienf Grau b a t '.'i:it h.
tar Vc:t, ind will return this wceb. He
didn't cell on Capt. Jtck.
The eighth annual aossion of the Mis
souri State Sunday School Convention
will to held at Scdelia, eomtBcocing
The elegant residence of I'on Piatt at
Washington City was burutd on the 27th
inst. Several other fino residences were
moro or less damaged.
Tho Washington administration organ
closes an article on the recent Indian
outrages as follows : "It is time to quit
fooliog. The sarages might as well
understand first as last that their sole
alternative on this continent is civiliza
tion or annihilation."
Commissioner Douglass has issued or
ders to all assessors of internal revenue
to turn over all papers in thoir respect
ive districts to the collectors, except
those showing a list of tho persons in
debted, which will be sent to tho depart
ment. This order is issued preparatory
to abolishing tho office of assessor, which
will be done on the 20th of May, in
accordance with the late act of Congress.
After that date assessments will be made
at the internal revenue office.
Frankfort-on the Main has had a beer
riot. We have heard of bread riots, and
maI)y otj,cr ;uj8 0f riots, but wo believe
this is the first beer riot that has come
under our consideration. It seems that
the price of this, to Germans, necessary
boverage was increased, and public spirit
aroso against an encroachment upon the
enjoyment of their favoriie drink. Twelve
persons killed, forty wounded, ono hun
dred and twenty arrested, and sixteen
breweries demolished, waB the result
of the "beer riot at Frankfort-on-tho-Main."
Free Poslage -Us Abolition.
It is important fur the public to know
what is included in tho law known as
"the repeal of the franking privilege."
All mail known as "freo matter" under
existing laws, on which postage must be
paid after June 30th, by reason of this
repeal, is classed under twelve heads as
follows, viz :
1. All mail to and from the President
and Vice President.
2 Official communications to or from
Cabinet or Bureau officers, of the chief
clerks or franking officers of tho Execu
3. All letters or printed matter to or
from mombcrs of Congress, Secretary of
the Scuato or Clerk of tho House of
4. Petitions to Congress.
5. Copyright matter to Librarian of
Congress, if su marked on tho package.
0. Smithsonian Institute mail.
7. Exchange bctweon publishers, one
copy of each publication not to exceed
Bixteen ounces weight.
8 Weekly newspapers to actual sub
ecribers within the county where pub
0 Notices from Postmasters of refusals
to tako publications.
10. Dead letters returned to writors.
11. Medals, certificates of thanks, or
other testimonials awarded by legisia
tures to their soldiors.
12 Under a special act of Congress,
passed some years since, all mail matter
to and from Mary Lincoln, during her
The only matter that can bo sent under
the amended law after tbo 30th of Juno
next, without propaymcnt, is newspapers
sent regularly. l'ostage is to bo col
lected quarterly on them where delivered.
f resent regulations remain in effect.
The Apache Wah. Very different
from tho conduct of tho Modoo war has
been that waged against tho Apaches io
Arizona. This bold band of roving sav
ages has been tho terror of tho country
tor years. J. bey arc tearless, intractable
and cunning, and thoir raids havo cost
the people and the government more than
any other trtbo.
Tho Apaohcs roccntl becan their den
radations in Arizona territory, and the
government sent troops against them.
Gen. Crook commenced tho expedition.
and he made tho unaccountablo mistake
to bcliove that the government meant
business. Accordingly ho matured his
plans, prepared for action, and went at
them in a business-liko way.
Tho result of this course was to speed
ily reduce to suhmision the aost reckless
red devils that roam tho prairies. On
the Gth inst., two of tho worst bands of
tho Apaches surrendered, and laid down
their arms, declaring that they did so
not because they wantod peace, but be
causo they were afraid to do otherwise
For twbnty years those bauds havo defied
all the attempts of the government to
Let tho administratiou learn a lesson
of wisdom and Crook its finger again
and wo snail have fewer muriicre
settlers and movers, Pulton Press.
On Friday, tuo 4th, daughter of
Sieaon Fendle, named Ida, Itrtng, near
Ellston'B Station, committed auicido by
feangiug herself. She was about cloven
years old. Her parents wro away, and
sho had been Quarreling With w younger
brother who threatened to heverher
wluoced when their mother returned
Tbo girl then retired to att upper room
and locked herself in. When the tfotbei
returned the door was broken open, and
tho dead body of tho girl waa fouud sua
pedod by tho nock from a bed poBtl
Sho bad used ft Btrip of it comfort, and
the post being as tall as herself, caused
strangulation by raising bef feel. Jot'
icrson tity tribune.
ffiopo flHfllatt Oulrags.
itTcnisotf, Kas , April 23. A corres
pondent of the Daily Champion, writing
from Arkansas City, Southwestern Kan
sas, says that a man named Thompson
arrived there on tho 30th inst., who stated
that on tho 11th inst., he was robbed by
a band of Indians near Medicine Lodgo
creek, in Harbour county, one! bli four
companions wcrt killed. liis Prty con
sisting of himself, John and William
... I I t.U l..IH
.Mitchell, anu n imam mm uuuu iai.m
1 too, were recently from Macoupin county,
Ills, iliey arrives at .ncuicino jjougu
creek, near the south lino of the etato, on
the 8th inat. Thee had with them a span
of horses, a wacon, camp equipage, and
about one thousand dollars io money.
On Friday tho 11th inst , Thompson was
about a quarter of a milo from tho camp
when he saw three or four hundred In
dians surround it. Shortly nf'erwards
ho beard firing, and saw tho Indians
mine tomahawks on his comrades. Ho
supposed they were all killed. At tho
timo of tho attack a party of Indians
took him prisoner and robbed him of all
ho possessed out unany lei uim go. u
arrived ct Ualdwcu aooui noon on mo
14th. Whilst there ho was told that
. i .i j-
nine others wore Killed un mcaiciuo
iodec creek by the Indians about tho
same time his camp was attacked.
can Francisco, April 20. A dispatch
from Portland to-night says tho Indians
who recently left Yakima "reservation,
made their appearance at Lewis river I
settlement in war paint. A general out-'and
break in hastern Oregon is tcarcd. bet-
tiers are requesting io oo lurnisuuu urma
bv tho Government and state.
YinaiNlA, iev., April Zu. it is re
ported that a number of young Piuto
bucks who spent the winter among tho
settlers in this portion of tho state, I itely
disappeared, will armed, in the moun
tains. It is supposed they havo gono to
join the Stuin Mountain bands at North
Palisades, from whom trouble is antici
pated. cignal tiro 9 havo been noticed on tne
mountains eastward and southward lor
several nights past.
The Indians hereabouts confess icnor-
ranee concerning them. A largo number
ot Piutes aro still in this vicmty,
How It is Poiie.
If it be truo, as represented by Gov.
Kellogg, of Louisiana, or hia correspond
ents or agents, that tho peoplo of that
stato aro paying their taxes in larger
amount this year than last, thero is but
ono solution of this problematical cir
cumstance ; and that is to ho found in
the agencies of force or menace that arc
brought to bear in aid of their collection.
1 he threat of imprisonment and conhs-
cation held over tho heads of piopcrty
owners who daro to mutter a word of
discontent with the existing government,
peratci, of course, as a means of intimi
dation to many, and thus enables tbo
state authorities to boast of an increased
revenue ; but it is plain to seo that these
results, if such they actually arc, aro
anything but an indication of willing
aequiesccnco with tbo iron handed tyr
anny that thus extorts obedience.
The mattor is clearly illustrated in the
case of Mr. Booth, who was placed in
iliirccj Irtvi vnlnainrr In rt&t? It i a I innncn
tax. 'Ihe Picayune says :
A Kellogg judge ordors him to close
his place of business, and if he does not
obey be is to be imprisoned and fined-
anu 10 uu again imprisoneu anu unuu iu-
1 l ; ? 1 n 1 -
is 009V. unuer
old tyrannies, it was supposod enough if
escd his victim :
but hero is a system by which tho victim
is made tho instrument of bis own op
pression. Ho isjo be his own execu
tioner. Even under Christophe, tbo
tyrant only seized and appropriated
tho property of his viotim. But here
tho victim is orderod to carry out his
own destruction by closing up himself
uib wince ui uusiuess, uuivbb uo win pay
..,r . 1 , , .
without process of law such tribute
I. : . i' 1 : 1 1 :ii
monoy as the usurping despotism thinks
proper to exact. And if ho fails to pay
or to close up, then he is arrested and
imprisoned for coutempt of court.
No ono can mistako now the expedient
for collecting the Kellogg taxes, llcfu-
BUI J IIUV Will UO lUUUHVU uv uu uiuvr ui
. . 1 . it j
unless ho submits without question of
law, arbitrary imprisonment is the offered
, ;- , r . .,
destiny. e presumo some similar tyr-
1 .,r -e ... . i
annieal proceeding, it this scheme tor
11 .- r .1 . i-
col eotine the taxes or license is oer-
,l!!a. A..p,eVa,1 ,n b6 "Pf,lled t0 a"
w ... . ..
urt l 1 11 a t r i
What course shall tho peoplo of this
'? ttd, f .H0U,81,T PrUC? Mer
the foulest of all despotisms, and the
most arbitrary of all tyrannies that a
freo poople wero ever called upon to sub-1
ant to, it appears to us that tbo matter
has passed beyond tho counsels of the
T. r .1 . l 3 . !
press. 11 is lor ino peop.o to atcrm.ne,
and they alone, how to protect their
r J . " "'"
Wo never doubted but that in somo
apo or other, the despotism that has
..rv ,w. ... wv-.-Bicn STa en unfit for the shelter of
to enforce submission, it ia for tho caU)e ,,uring Ae 8tornj9 of wlD(cr ,f
people to answer itv y(JU it)(JU;f8 who ow08 ,ni fatm you wj
Yesterday afternoon while, Daniel answered: Such an old man did own
Cooper, an old colored man who resides ho has gone out West. When he
in the colored qusrter of the city, waa cano to this country from the East ho
going peacefully home with his son, a M sufficient money to buy and olmost
fiendish negro named Sam MuSlahao mot a'oc blB ftrn1' but J10 bought a
them, who was returning from the woods machine, ot borrowed a little mouey to
with an axe upon his shoulder, and huy span ofnorses. All he could mako
without any provocation, struck the cltild on his farm would not pay the interest
in the face with tho axe, cutting off the 0" horrowed and keep bis
lgwer lip and jaw. Cooper interfered io feraily.
behalf ol hia child, and was set, upon by 1 All this ie the natural fruit of that
McMahan and almost literally ut to Sfm of spoliations end robbery which
pieces. Cooper is fearfully wounded in idis and rascals style "protection to
tho face, arms, loga and body, and will W" industry I A system which forci
probablj die. Daniel Coopor is well b'T excludes ns from the market ef the
known as one of the most peaceful and woi'd; fence us in, binds us in slavish
jespected colored men in tho city, and Wa greedy master, wtw ekine us
MoMahan, among his race, Is rogarded 0B. ,
as a very wicked, bad fellow-Mexico ch,n?!lAlVCVKlv,, to Umb''
-6ader I "The men of 17?G rose up against En-
The floor of a warehouse in Kentuekj gland vsther than Tonger remain the
gave way recently under the weight of rercheAvtollmt of her "navigation laws "
five thousand barrels of whiskey. Wbo whose sole object in tventy-two scnanin
Xv Aiurriei Vltiudtrfi iBcrlcitss.
Ex Governor Donnelly, of Minnesota,
recently delivered a vigorous address j
before) a "grange'.' of husbandmen at
Hastings. He told them truthe which
ought to be known and understood of all
men who sro going daily lower on the
downhill sido of prosperity, as tho vio
tims of laws mado to enrich and ''protect"
piretna and piracy. Ho read a paper,
signed by tho principal merchants in
Hastings, in which they State that "the
amount of purchaso mado by larmcrs has
fallen off during tho last five years ono
third to one half; that is to sky, the
farmors aro evidently econmizing in every
way, making smaller hills, and buying
only tho necessaries of life." This, of
course, is ooo of tho proofs and conso
quenco of steadily declining prosperity.
What is tho causo of it? The speaker
said, with no less truth than force, " Unjutl
lawt have drivon the farmers of tho wholo
country to tho wall, and diminished their
means of existenco ono third or one half
This of course signifies a shrinkage of
thu entiro business of tho country to the
samo extent. Tbo laws of tho country
and the monopoly power they create and
protect, have been bont to impoverish tho
peoplo, and now thoy begin to feel that
they have "killed the gooso that laid the
I golden eggs."
' ttVl -It A ...
IV nun win our inrinsrs ucuiu to con
aider tho operation of these now slave
lows? Hero aro a fow significant facts :
A sewing machine oosts for tho work
material 812. We pay $70 for it.
'J be same machines aro exported to Eu-
ropo anu sold tor alter paying
freight across the Atlantic I found in
tho Belfast News of Deo. 4, 1872, the
advertisement of tho "Singer" sewing
machine for 6 10s, about 32 50 of our
money. Wo pay the difference of nearly
840, under our patent, for being the most
patient and gullible fools that ever pre
tended to a capacity for self government.
McCormick gavo evidenco in a law
suit recently that bis reapers cost ?50 to
manufacture. Wo pay nearly $200 for
Tho threshing machines, for which we
pay 8700, could, 1 am informed, be built
for 8100. And ao of all other ininle-
In part, this is tho effect of our unjust
patent laws ; in part, it is the effect of
the purchasing power of wealth amassed
by means of those laws upon venal Con
gressmen ; and in part, it is the effect of
that robber-device called a protected
tariff. The Englishman has freo trade ;
ho, therefore, can buy an American mado
sewing maohino for 832, for which the
American, living next door to tho "pro
tected" manufacturer, must pay more
than doublo that sum. What is to hin
der the American from ordering his
American made sewing machine from
Belfast, and after paying freight on it
twice across the Atlantic ocean, getting
it for one-half the price which ho would
be compelled to pay to his neighbor the
manufacturer? Why should American
laws thus placo American citizens at a
disatvantage to Her Mnjesty'H subjects in
an American market? Who can say
thero is justice in such laws to enslave
Amoricans in their own country ?
Illinoi8 farmor cou 8end tQ K d
. ... . . . . " . '
so, too, of reaping machines. An
j ,1.-.: ' .i t,.u
.fa ,:, ln uio p... r. t..,i
,ho mQ whioh ,J0 mu9t ' ,Q bosfl
; McCormtcIc Tor tt io same maohine-but for
Why, but for tho blessed fact
,l, . n.o. w..i,. v..
..,. -t ..,,,.. fn ,.,.,...
i- . 1 i V. '
struggling, poverty-stricken Boss McCor
Suoh are the artificial profits which
the "proteotcd" monopolist enjoys under
tho paternal caro of our Great Father.
AVbcre aro the farmer's artificial pro
duct's. His produco is as low as bofore
the war, whilo everything he buys and
every cxpenso that he must most are at
, .1 1 . ,1 1. , ,,
war prices, thanks to tne blessed "pro
tectlve system I
Says an Iowa paper
"A farmer would cheerfully sell his
port at 8 7oort3 per hundred, if cot
ton and woolen goods, salt and other arti
clos whioh be buys were at proportionate
rates ; but they are not. So a firmer
, . . , . . . 1 , r
eoroes to town and puts two loads of po
J ' ,, irV. ., n i, V -,, ,
fcr i"' 8t?,y-8 a,1-fD,Pht b8 eat
load of oats, li s wifo wears five aercs
ri,., ,j .1 ;i 1 v.
of wheat, and the children eaoh ten acres
. j . . , , ,
of corn, and are not very warmly clad
i, . . '
inpn. tinrnn nrnri.nar. nn nnira n rvAmi
.four year old, and if ho sports a Sunday
ttuit, iv ia iu buutjo ui ui mast iwenvy
head f f i h A d on f fc
his farm wears I mortgage that ia worse
than hardpan to the soil, and the annual
tax rots into his roof worse than rain.
Another urbane journal says :
In driving through this country wr
see many farms which aro unoccupied,
UDCultivated and apparently goiDg to
rui many'otner8 occupied by tenants
wnoee general squalidnesa indicates a
,. .r,.u .t.. .:., r .
vivo Bvitaiuiiiv vrieti vu u uibvootiiT us V
8toncei ,om, of th.m occupying houses
,eol, was to monopolize tho trade ami
.uiuiu greater than tho colcni... "
dured from n preeu-ttlr s ?t ' , "
raonopo y; wo havo the
ptacuibh rovolntlons et the hVnhhj
in our hands, but we .U oft
ho intolhgenoo and tho courage ift ...b.!h
Tho following 1.
condition of winter wheat ni 5
from the agricultural dcC,'"'1;
th. GrU woe of April, a considerable
port.onoflhe northern belt of thew.nt.,
wheat area Was covorod with suow 'nl
condition of that visible gave promise 0f
an exemption from winter injury leavin,.
the crop subjoot to tho meteoroloaicM
vicissitudes of April. In tho Middi,
stales a great improvement upon tbo
Bhowinjt of last spring is cveryhtrs
conceded, especially in Now Jeftey nnj
Pennsylvania. Tho prospoet in tho states
south of Maryland is less favorable thin
lt year and thoro aro indications of a
diminishing area in tho cotton states,
although not intended to bo given in this
report. Michigan, tho only state of
northern border in which wiuter wheat
is mainly grown, presonts a green and
vigorous growth whorover snow has
disappeared to reveal it, and Ohio makes
far snore favorable returns that last year,
In Kentucky a moro checkered showing
is made, giving the present appearance a
deoidedly unfavorable cast, with indica
tions of futuro improvement ns the
weather becomes settled. In Indiana
and Illinois tho unfavorable roturns out
numbcrod the rose colored. Tho dry
autumn rotarded seeding and germinating
nnd left plants too weak and shallow
rooted to endure well tho effects of win
ter's changes of temperature. Similar
causes effect tho oondition of tho wheat
a aam!ii r .,
in Missouri, but great improvement over
last year is reported, and a still mors
favorable condition exists in Kansas.
In W isconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and Ne
braska,' as is knowr, very little wiuter
wheat is produced, but full reports are
given of such experiments. The indi
cations from California all point to
another year of great abundance, scarcely
a county reporting an unfavorable con
diton. As a wholo the wheat prospect at
the close of the winter is more favorablo
than at the same dato in 1872.
A case which possessed tho unusual
feature of being tried by a negro jury
camo off at Springfield, in this state,
last week. It was an action for damages
for breach of promise to marry, and thero
was another unusual thing about it: the
plaintiff came within 810 of getting all
sho asked for. The plaintiff was Amanda
I. Keunan, and the defendant Robert
Young. The plaintiff's petition shows
the usual amount of confiding artless
ness on her part, and the usual amount
of dcccitfulnoss on his n. Plaintiff avers
that "on or about the. 13th of December.
1871, the plaintiff being sole and un
married, tho defendant promised to marry
tho plaintiff, and confiding in said promiie
of said defendant, tho said daintiff
yioliled," &o , Sic, Sie. The defendant
admitted tho averments of the petition.
but said ho was "only in fun." Thu
jury brought in a verdict for 880, the
plaintiff's demand being for 890. Both
parties were colored. Republican.
A man writing poetically of the
weather, says : "Tho backbone of winter
is broken, but tho tail wags yot occa
sionally." Tho remains of the late Bishop Moll-
vaino will bo taken te Cincinnati for in
terment. NOW IS Till. TliTlE
TO BUY TREES AT
Brother Farmnrs, don't forget that oar Eastern
neighbors aro (coding npnlos to Block with good
result!, whilo wo have onlv scanty supply for
Alio, that Kaitorn farmers nave their barrels
of cider and nn nbundauce of the best of applo
vinegar, and hero either Is rarity with the ma
jority of families.
Ana yet wo most nil cultivate moro land than
is proStable, and have often in abundance of
wasto and from out lands' that could be u.ade
profitable if set in tieos, besides improving tho
condition of the land.
Being overstocked with winter fruits, esne
o'ally of Jannetlng and New York Red Pippin,
or Bon Davis, I wl.l roll Ihli erring by the Thou
sand at 875.00 j by the 500 at $45.00. l'rlce by
dosen and 100 tamo as heretofore b the doren
$1.50, by tho 100 $11.50. Will sell Hughes' elder
crab, per 50 $1.00 ; per 100 $7.0; por 1000 60.
Vcar. Cherry and Plum trees 60 eti each 1 rer
Concord irrario. first cla.ii. 1 amr l
each! per dozen 91.00 ; per 100 5 dollars,- per
1000 35 dollars. BearinK vines eneh 25 ets. tier
doien 2.50; ceriOO, 18 dollars.
All other stock about the save a last spring.
For further particulars call a the Nar
icry, 3 miles southeast or Troy, 04 the Tele
graph road, or address the proprietor,
TVT OTICB is hereby given that letters or admlu
H istratlon wero granted to the undersigned
on tho entate of Annlorgent, deo'd, by the
Clerk of the Probata Court of Lincoln county
Mu on the 26th day or llarch, 1873.
All persons having1 claims against said eitat
are required to exhibit thorn to tho administrator
for allowance within en year from the date of
said letters, or they may be nreoluded from any
benefit of sold estate; and if not eibiblted
within two years from the date of said letters
they wilt be forever barred.
"fry JOHN U. DIXON, Adm'r.