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,. S03V9 OF TEHPER1NCE,
Tort Stevcason Division. No. 433 Sta
ted meeting, every Tueoriay evening at the Division
tRoomia the old Northern Exchange.
' CADETS OF rEMPEBANCE. v,.!
,- Fort Stevenson Section, lX'o 19 meets
very Thursday evening in the Hall of the Sons of Tem
. i. o. o. F. .
rroghna Lodge, IVo. TT, meeta at the Odd
Fellows Hall, ia JnWebnaee'a building, every Saturday
ROBERTS, HUBBARD & CO,
Copper, Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware,
, AND DKaLKRS Ilf ,
Stove, Wool, Hides, Sbeep-pelta, Bp,
Old Copper, Old Stoves, &c,&c Also,
ALT. SORTS OF GEN CINE YANKEE NOTIONS.
. Pease's Brick Block, No. 1.
Fremont, Sandavky Cn. Ohio. '32
C. R. Me CULL.OCH, ;
DRUGS, MEDICINES. PAINTS, DTESTUFFS,
BOOKS. STATIONARY, fcc. "
. j FREMONT, OHIO.
ICAI'l'lI P. BUCHLANI),
A .TTORNEY and Counsellor at law and Solicitor
A' in Chancery, will attend to professional busiuess in
Sandusky and Adjoining counties. -
Q Omen Second tory of Tyler's Block.
7. JOII.V li. GREENE,
; A TTORNEY AT-LAW and Prosecuting Attorney
jr for Sandusky county, Ohio, will attend to all pro
fessional business entrusted to his care, with promptness
' nd fidelity. . ; , .
11 n..u. m tUm r.nrl ITnn.a
' . . -: , CHESTER EDGERTON,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, .
AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCXRT.
Offic At the Court House. .., .....
j . Fremont, Sandusky Co. O. No 1.
.t "-B.-J. BARTLETT, "
. VTJORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
FRKMOMT, 8ANDU8IT, CO., O.,
WILL give hia nndivided attention to professional
brsinrsain Sandusky and the adjoining counties.
Fremont, Feb. 27, 49.
; , PIERRE BEAUGRAKD,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
RESPECTFULLY tender his professional services
to the citizens of Fremont, and vicinity.
Orncjc One door souih of McCulloch's Drugstore.
LA Q. RAWSON,
PHYSICIAN AXI SlUGEOX,
FREMONT, SANDUSKY CO., O.
May 26, 1849. " . U
Matnal Fire Insurance Company.
Et . M. nUCJiLI.A'I, agent.
' - FREMONT, SAyDU8KY CO., OIIIO. .
BELL & SHEETS, ;
Physicians ami SurgeonMy
. FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO.
OFFICE Second Story of Knapp't Building.
July 7. 1849. - 21
. Post-Off ice Honrs.
THE regular Post-Office houra, until further notice,
will be as follows: .
From 7 to 12 A. M. and from 1 to 8 P. M.
r Sundays from 8 to 5 A. M. and from 4 to 5 P. M.
! 1 W. M. STARK. P. M.
NE W ARRANGEMENT.
DRS. SHEETS & BELL,
HAVING entered into a partnershipin the Drug Store
Aarned hv De. Skul. !m Tl..f. R.. ;i.i:.. . 1.
loy now offer a full assortment oT
, ; Drugs, Medicines, Dye Stuffs, Oik, Paints,
and a- great variety of fancy articles, such as cologne,
hair oil, indelible ink. pen-znives, combs, brushes of all
kinds, with a full assortment of
t PATENT MEDICINES,
for every disease that afflicla mankind: which wo offer
at very low psices for Cash, Beeswax. Ginseng, Sassafras
Bars from the root and Paper Rags. Low Prices, and
- Ready Pay in something,
is our motto forever. . SHEETS & BELL.
Fremont, July 14. 1849. 21
. , FASHIONABLE TAILORING.
RESPECLFULLY announces thet he eontinnes his
business ia the second stoiy of Knapp's building,
opposite Burger's old stand, where ho will be happy to
-wait on hia old customers and all who need any thing in
bis line. If yon want your garments made op uioht, and
after the Latest Fashion call on MAXWELL.
N. B. Particular attention paid to Cutting and warrant
d tn fit if proper! r made n p. April 28. '49.
Mew and Fashionable
Boot a ntt Shoe's hop.
riHE undersigned, has eneaed a BOOT and SHOE
J - abop on - '. ......
-, jnain tireei, two aoort norm oj tfie fon Vjffice,
in Lowe Sandusky, and is now manufacturing to ordeh
every thing in the above lino with aeatneaa and despatch.
His materials are of the best quality, his workmen are az
. perretieed, and all work is wannaSTTD.
. Ha intends In snnnlv Itits m.vs.l wilh k. .,! tn mwkA
GENTLEMEN'S BOOTS, :
Men's, Boys', and Children's Boots Shoes nnd Brogans,
Cowhide sod Kipskia, as well as pumps, slippers, &c.
. Also, Ladies' snd Misses' slippers Buskins, Gaiters Ac,
all dona np in neat and fashionable style, and delivered
' with promptness and despatch. 'I he subscriber reqnests
liberal share of the public patronage, and is determined
to merit the same.
- GEORGE WIGSTEIN.
Jons23,19. ' 18:6m
JJ o 1 1 r a .
: " Fron the New York Tribune. ..
StTOOKSTlD BT THS REFUSAL OF TBS SVVtAS TO GIVE
. . . CP TUS HUNGARIAN KXTLX9.
BY MRS. SARAH T. BOLTON.
Goo bless thee, noble Sultan! and forever
Good angels keep thee, if it be a fact.
That thon art bravely making an endeavor
To save Kossuth God bless the for the act!
It will be written, read, applauded, cherished,
When Russia'a ruthless myrmydons have perishi d.
The Russians deem thy Moslem creed infernal.
And while he loudly vaunts his Christian faith,
Consigns the Mussulman to flimes tern.il.
To wailing, Otter dsrknens, and the death
That dying, never dies, through all the stages
Of untold torments and unnumbered ages. .
He, like the Pharisee, looks np to Heaven
And boasts his righteousness of life and heart;
.Thou, like the good Samaritan, hue! given
A snflVrer aid. and done the Christian's part.
May God reward thee, when we all assemble
W here vassals shall rejoice and tyrants tremble.
JThe followers of Christ should love each other
It ia the Savinr's positive command;
Yet Chrietisn Russia hsnls a stricken brother,
1 Outlawed auri railed from hia native land.
Hunts him to take away the life God gave him;
While thou, an Infidel, hast sought to save him.
She is not satisfied to see him languish, "
. From kindred, wife and children far apart;
To know that sickness, poverty and anguivh
Wriugsdropby drop the life-blood from his heart.
She craves his life and hunts him like a tiger
Would hunt a wounded lion by tha Niger.
Let Russia hear the Christian name no longer.
Write Tyrant, Heathen, Monster on her sky;
Her iron throne is strong, bat God is stronger.
And when a few more years are flitted by.
His arm will rend her lengthened cords asunder.
And make her power a by-word and a wonder.
The world has looked on Hungary, admiring
Tha noble daring of the gallant band
That struggled on, with hoe and zeal untiring,
. To win the freedom of their Father-land.
Aud bitter words and burning tear-drops started
In many a landi wheu hope from them departed.
What cause had Russia for her interference?
What wrong to right, what grievance to redress? .
None: yet she sent her armed, enslaved adherents
To help the weaker Austrian to repress
The feeble rays of Liberty that lighted
The land now ravaged, ruined, crushed, benighted.
And though he sees her banners proudly waving.
O'er hill and plain where freedom's champions died,
She turns utitatisned, with conquest craving
A further sacrifice to power aud pride
Turns to the scaffold, to the horrid slxughter,
'And Nero-like, jwurs human blood tike water.
This blood will b a witness, swift and fearful,
Against the tyrant at the judgment throne:
The desolation wrought in homes once cheerful,
Each bitier pang, hot tear and dying-groan.
His rage hue wrung from victims unoffending.
Will sting his soul with anguish never-ending.
Be thou undaunted by his haughty bearing,
Unmoved in purpose by his flaming wrath;
He has rhe lion's cruely and daring,
- But Heaven will turn his foot-steps from thy path.
Thy duty is to save th Christian stranger
Do this, brave Infidel! and fear no danger.
ill i a c e 1 1 a neons.
The Law of Kindness Illustrated.
The Philadelphia Inquirer relates the following
touching incident of recent occurrence:
Only a few days since, an aged citizen of Phil
adelphia was waited upon by a stranger who ask
ed few moment's conversation with him in
private. The opportunity was afforded with great
chcefulness. The Western merchant for such in
fact, he was was ushered into the parlor of the
Philadelphian, when something like the following
conversation took place.
"You seem to have forgotten mc Mr. H ?',
"I have an indistinct recollection of having seen
you before, and the tone of your voice is not unfam
iliar; but beyond this my memory fails."
My name is Charles B , and twenty years
ago I was an inmate of Philadelphia Prison, of
which you were a frequenter, a benevolent and
kind hearted visitor."
'I remember.I remember,said the other.brighten
ing, smiling and grasping the hand of the stranger;
"you look so well, have improved so greatly,
that I hope, may I feel satisfied that all has gone
right with you."
vA tear trembled in the eye of the other at so
cordial and kindly a recognition ; his voice failed
for a moment but then rallying again, he pro
ceeded to tell his story. At the asje of fifteen he
was a neglected orphan, and with fine natural tal
ents, a cheerful disposition and a good heart, he
was thrown into the society of the vile and disso
lute, in one of the most wretched sections of Phil
adelphia county. There in connection with sever
al other Iads,equally deserted or misled he commit
ted, was arrested for, and convicted of, petty theft
" While in prison he was visited ngain nnd again
by the Philadelphia Philanthropist, who succeeded
not only in eradicating the vicious views he had
imbided, but in showing hira the folly of vice and
tbe certainty of its punishment, and insDirinsr him
with a determination to act correctly the moment
i i I.. , . . . . . .
ne snouia De released. The visitor satisfied with
his sincerity and gratually took a deep interest in
his case. At the expiration of his sentence, he
provided him with means and having stated all
the facts in all confidential manner to a friend in
the West, obtained him a situation in a flourishing
city m mai sec u on or tne union, llie youth was
overwhelmed with gratitude. He had found a
friend for the first time in his brief career. His
course from that moment was onward. He speed
ily won the confidence of his employer, on whose
death, ten years thereafter, he succeeded to a
large share in his business. ......
"I am now," he said, "an equal partner in the
reputable and properous house of -feCo,of ,
and I have visited Philadelphia, not only on busi
ness, but with the object of seeking ont and return
ing my heart warm acknowledgements to my early,
my ever cherished, voj often remembered bene
factor." The old merchant wept with joy at such a re
form, and acknowledged that this single incident
had repaid him for the hours and days and weeks
he had devoted, always prayerfully, to the blessed
couse of kindness and prison reform.
"Mr. Swipes, I've just kicked your William out
of doors.".;-."Well, Mr. Swingle, it's the first Bill
you've footed this many a day. :
FREMONT, SANIDUSKY COUNTY, NOVEMBER 17, 1849.
. THAT T1IIFLEH. r
;-. BT ELLEN ASBTOK.
I heard yesterday that you Tvere engaged to
Eveline Valliere, and to day I hear that you are to
Sophy Greene. Which report is true ?' said Ed
gar Thomas to bis friend Harry Colbert, and tak
ing his cigar from his mouth, he suffered the
smoke to. curl gracefully: to the ceiling, gazing
meantime on the face of his friend.
,'The fact is,' said Harry, throwing himself back
in his chair, I'm engaged to neither,' and then he
'But you are very attentive to Sopny, and those
who go to Miss Valliere's set, say you are devoted
to her.' and again the speaker's eye was fixed en
quiringly upon Harry, who looked down, moment
'Well, the truth is," said he looking up, 'I'm a lit
tle in love with both the ladies, so I can't make up
my mind to marry either, lest I should lose the oth
er. ,. I wish the good qualities of both were combin
in one, then I should soon decide. Miss Valliere is
amiable, pretty and rich, and so far is just what I
want; but she has no wit, and would never make a
wife to make one proud of abroad. Sophy is poor.
and without Eveline's fine figure, tho perhaps,
with a prettier, certainly with a more intellectual
looking face. Then she has a fine wit, and is de
cidedly a girl of talent With a little tact, she
might be made a perfectly fascmnating creature.
I don't say which has the most womanly heart T
suppose either-could love deeply enough,' here the
speaker adjusted his collar. 'When I am with
bophy 1 am in love with her, but when I see Eve
line, and think of her fortune, I cannot resist pay
ing her attention. I had gone pretty far with Ev
eline, before I met Miss Greene ; but since then I
have been more careful, and I confess am often
puzzled how to decide. If Eveline had Sophy's
intellect, or Sophy had Eveline's fortune, I should
propose to-morrow, but the fates have ordered it
otherwise, and so poor dog that I am I must
wait events, and trust to my destiny.'
'Did you ever commit yourself to Miss Valliere?'
asked his companion, after a pause.
'Not exactly,' answered Harry, slowly and doubt
fully ; 'to-be-sure I did at one time pay her consid
erable attention, but then you know a pretty girl is
used to such things, and if she has sense, never
thinks you serious until you make love in words.
Now I never did that exactly, and in that I am
lucky, though I do confess to sundry sentimental
walks, and sly attentions when the old folks are
away you understand just enough to keep her
thinking of me sufficiently to insure success if I
should at any time make up mind to marry her.
I bein to think lately I ought to back out, and I
am not half so attentive as I once was; for the fact
is, since I met Sophy Greene, I have felt that Miss
Valliere is not the girl to suit me as a wife. I wish
something not to be ashamed- of in society of peo
ple 01 taient i wish the gods had given Kophy a
fortune ; for confound it I am too poor, like most
young physicians, to wed a portionless wife.'
Harry Colbert had frankly explaimed the diffi
culty in which he had involved himself, but he had
not told the whole truth ; for his attention to both
girls had been assiduous and devoted, and of such
a character as to leave no doubt on the minds of
the senoiis nature of his intentions. Moving in dif
ferent selts in opposite sections of a large city, each
was ignorant of his attentions to her rival ; and thus
for several months had carried on his deception un
detected. He had already wooed and won Eve
line Valliere, though he had never told his love in
words, before he met Sophy Greene; from that
hour his heart had been divided, and the conflict in
his breast had raged with increasing force daily.
Interests, and perhaps some little remaining con
science, urged him to marry Eveline, while, if he
had consulted only his feelings, lie would have wed
'But,' said his friend after an embarrassing silence
of some minutes, 'do you not think sometimes that
you may nave won the affections of both
I never proposed to either," replied Harry star
ing at his companion.
'But does a lady never place her affections on a
gentleman until he proposes in form ? Is there not
such a thing as winning a lady by looks and tone.
which, though not explicit in one sense, are suscep
tible of but a single definition V asked his friend,
'Oh ! perhaps some girls do lose their hearts thus,
nut 'tis only when they know nothing of the world,
Gentlemen will be attentive to the ladies, and so
and so '
'And so sometimes a heart will be brokpn by the
criminal coquetry of our sex, indignantly interrupt
er! the other. There was a pause, during which
Harry regarded his friend with surprise.- At length
Whp, really you look at the subject too warmly ;
but calm your fears; neither Sophy nor Miss Val
IWb will break their hearts for me, thank heaven!
If either is at all smitten," and he complacently puff
ed the smoke slowly from his month ; 'she would
never be the worse of it, even if I shouldn't marry
her a mere preference, nothing more, believe
'Well, I hope so, said his companion, and iiere
tne conversation ceased.
Days and weeks passed, nnd still Harry was torn
by conflicting emotions, one while inclining towards
the heiress, and another while yielding to the fas.
cinnations of her rival. Often during this period,
his conscience reproached him for his conduct to
tveline, and he resolved to forget Sophy; but
again he yielded to the temptation, and neglected
his first love. He could no longer conceal from
himself that Miss Valliere loved him, since her very
look and action when in his presence, and her des
pondency at his absence and neglect, revealed it.
His heart smote him, when he thought this was his
work; but he asked himself, ought he to wed one
whom he did not love? Should he sacrifice hap
piness with Sophy, who had an intellect to sympa
thize with him, for indifference with Eveline ? He
did not remember, when he thus reasoned with him
self, that he had at one time thought Miss Valliere
better fitted for a wife, by her gentleness and un
reserved devotion, than one of a more brilliant, but
Ipss amiable character. He forgot too. that her af
fection had been yielded slowly, nnd only in return
for the most ceasless attention. But, like too many
of his sex, he was tired of an object when won.
But the struggle at length was terminated, and.
with the fickleness which characterized his conduct,
terminated in the favor of the nwer object of his
love. He resolved to cease visiting Eveline, and
devote himself to Miss Greene. His visits accord
ingly increased in frequency at her house ; and he
:vJ t-t, I '- f t- '": : ' i 1
IL' JL W JUJ JiJ IVJLri
soon became satisfied that her attentions were more
marked than those she bestowed on other young
men. Thus encouraged he did not hesitate to de
clare himself one evening when a favorable oppor
tunity presented. . . . . -r
Sophjr listened to his ardent protestation with
a burning cbeak and beating bosom, but when he
ceased, she slowly raised her eyes from the ground
and said: , i
'Before I can consent to become your wife, will
you answer me one question ?' and fixing her eyes
searchingly on his face, though her cheek crimson
ed deeper as she did it, 'do you know Eveline Val
liere?" Had a spectre started up before him, Harry
would not have looked more aghast What could
she mean ? Had she heard of his attention nnd de
sertion of Miss Valliere ? Did she resent the lat
ter? or had she mearly learned the former, and
wished to solve her doubts before answering? This
last idea was the most flattering, and therefore the
one adopted. He smiled as he replied : '
Yes, I once knew a ladv of that name.
'Once knew her," said Sophy, with marked em
phasis, .'and you know her no longer?"
'I can scarcely say I do," said Harry, his embar
rassment returning at the decided manner of his
questioner, but she has long forgotten me, and I
have ceased visiting her.'
1 here needed only this baseness, said Sophy ris
ing, with flashing eyes, the whole expression of her
face changing to indignant scorn, 'to make you as
contemptible in my eyes, as you were before crim
inal. Know, false and tickle man, that 1 have heard
the history of your acquaintance with Miss Valliere ;
how by slow and winning attention, you possessed
yourself of her heart ; how, when you met another,
who tor the time pleased your selfish nature better.
you became attentive to this new acquaintance ;
how, notwithstanding you knew the love filiss Val-
laire bore for you, you atlength left her to pine in
despondency, until her life is now despaired of by
her triends. And yet, you come here and dare to
insult me with an offer of your love ;' she spokei
this word with bitter scorn ; 'you! the almost mur
derer of the woman, and the wronger thereby of
the whole sex.' -
'Ay! more; you hesitated long, because, for
sooth, I was too poor, as if love, that holy sentiment,
of which such wretches as you can know nothing,
was to be protaned by base thoughts of lucre. 1
tell you Harry Colbert, I have known all this for
weeks, and have waited patiently for this hour,
stooping to a deception which I despise, that I might
redeem my sex at last You seek a woman's love 1
why you know no more of that pure sentiment than
the meanest Hound that crouches at the master's
whip. A true woman scorns the hand of a man
like you, who for the gratification of a petty vanity,
or of his own selfishness, would desert a heart that
he has won. The time was when I might have
loved you, but it was when I thought your heart
noble. I now see its baseness, duplicity and little
ness, and bad as you are I cannot hate you from
very scorn. - Go ! and go knowing this, a woman
can avenge her sex even at the cost of so pretty a
lover as yourself." "
The withering contempt with which these words
were spoken was the last drop in the cup of the lov
er's shame. While Sophy continued speaking he
had stood abashed before her, not daring to lift his
eyes but once to her face, and then the indignant
flash of her eyes, and the bitter mockery on her lip,
were no temptation to renew the experiment And
when she ceased, he rose and almost rushed from
the room, too utterly confounded to reply though
boiling with rage and shame. He reached his
room in a tempest of emotions indiscribable. But
his passion was too high to allow him to see the
justness of his fate.
'Curse the girls!" was the first exclamation, 'she
raved like aPithoness; but why did I not retort
scorn for scorn ? To refuse me when she is not
worth a cent, and all because of Eveline," and he
breathed a malediction on her as the cause of his
discomfeiture, and with bitter maledictions strode to
and fro in his room.
Gradually, however, his passion calmed itself, and
a desire for revenge possessed his mind. But how
should he be revenged ? Should he woo and win
some other lady at once, or go back to Miss Val
liere and secure her? After pondering long he
decided on the latter course.
'Yes!' he said, 'if I marry Eveline, to whom it is
known I have been attentive, this termegant will
never dare tell of my proposal, for we had no wit
nesses, nnd no one will believe her, if it should be
announced soon, say to-morrow or next day at far
thest, that I am engaged to the heiress. She loves
me nodoubt there this vixen was right and will
be glad to accept me. I will despatch a note at
once. ' A little -dissimilation to conceal the cause of
my neglect, a little penitence adroitly thrown in,
and a little ardor will win a favorable answer or I
know nothing of the trusting nature of Eveline Val
liere.' The proposal was written and sent, but the next
day and the whole week passed without an answer.
Harry began to repent his precipitancy, and wish
that he had never seen Eveline or Sophy. But at
length came the long looked for reply. . He open
ed it with reneWed hopes, which however, were
crushed on its perusal. The answer was short and
cold, and contained a refusal couched in terms
which forbade a second attempt 'Miss Valliere,"
the note ended with saying, 'declines all further ac
quaintance with Mr. Colbert"
Stung to the quick, the rejected lover vented his
rage on both the women he had abused, and deter
mined to avenge himself by a speedy marriage.
But he soon found that his conduct was known in
society, though not from reports originating proba
bly with their relatives, and gained strength from
what had been observed of Harry's conduct , At
length the tide of scorn and rebuke became so strong
that he left the city and moved to another part of
the country, , . ,
Harry never knew the struggle in Eveline's heart,
nor the noble firmness with whioh she conquered
it His letter reached her on a sick bed, where she
had been laid by his perfidy, but though her weak
heart pleaded for him, her convictions of what were
right, prevailed, and she rejected him, because she
felt that she could never find happiness with one so
base, fickle and selfish. Both she and Sophy Greene
lived to love truly and worthily, and the friendship
begun by their mutual disappointment was cement
ed by intimacy, and endured through long and
As for Harry, he carried with him his own pun
ishment Providence rarely interferes in the af
fairs of ordinary life, except by gnslaving us with
1 N 0
our evil habits, and thus make us work on ourselves
our own retribution. These hnbits Harry carried
with him, nor could he shake them off His char
acter soon became as well known in his new resi
dence as in the city he had left At length he
married, but as he wedded without love, he lived
without happiness. Well were hia victims aveng
ed on the tbifleb.
Method of Obtaining the Sponge.
The sponge of commerce is found attached to
rocks in various depths between three fathoms and
thirty. When alive it is of a dull bluish back above,
and of a dirty white beneath. There are several
qualities, possibly indicating as many distinct spe
cies. The best are taken among the Cyclades.
The sponge divers, however, are mostly people
from the islands of the Carian coast; from Calyra
nous,and the islands between calymnor and Rhodes.
They go in little fleets of caiques, each of six or
seven tons burden, and manned by six or eight
men. The season for the fishery lasts from May un
til September. ' All the men dive in turn. They
remain under water from 1 to 3 minutes. They
descend to the bottom at various depths, between
five fathoms and twenty,, or even though rarely,
thirty. . Very few of the Archipelago divers can
descend so deep as the last named depth and it is
doubtful weather they can work in such case. Some
years ago, a diver asserted he had bent a rope
round the beam of a Turkish frigate, sunk in thirty
fathoms water off Scio. Mr. Love, when engaged
in raising the guns of some of the sunken ships,
confirmed his statement, by finding the rope still
bent round the beam. In deep water, a rope
weighed by a stone -is let down, by which the
the divers ascend when they have gathered the
sponges. They carry nothing about their person
except a netted bag which is attached to a hoop
suspended round their necks, in this they place the
sponges. In a good locality, a diver may bring up
fifty okes of sponges in a day. . A very large spon
ge may weigh two okes. The weight is calculated
from the the sponges when they are dried. A
sponge is dried in the sun, after being cleansed in
sea-water, fresh water rots and turns it black. ' The
slimy or animal ma.ter is stamed out by the div
er's feet When dried the sponges are strung in
circles. They are sold at twenty-five drachms an
oke. The chief markets for then are Smyrna,
Kliodes and Iapolk
The sponge fisheries were probably conducted a
mong the ancient Greeks as they now are. Hence,
information being obtainable with facility, we find
a full account of the sponge in tbe writings of
Aristotle. He appears to have been deeply inter
ested in its history, on account of the link it seemed
to present between animal and vegetable natures.
Therefore the question, weather sponges possessed
sensation, is discussed by him more than once,
and left undecided ; the statement for and against
their capacity ot feeling are, fairly put forward.
The same question is debated among naturalists at
the present day,, and, as anciently, there are not
wanting advocates tor either view. . Aristole dis
tinguished sponges under two heads, those that
might be cleaned, and those that could not Of
the last, he states that their substance was com
pact, perlorated by large canals, lhey were
more viscous than other sponges, and when dried
remained black. The description exactly applies
to the common coast line sponges of the Egean,
useless for economic purposes. His account of
the sponges of commerce is more detailed. He
distinguished three varieties: those that are lax
and porous ; those of thick and close texture ; and
a third kind, called sponges of Achilles, finer, more
compact, and stronger than others. These last
were rarest,and used to be placed in helmets and in
boots, as protections from pressure for the head
and feet They all grow on the rock, adhering
not by one point only, nor by tbe whole surface;
but by the coast which became suddenly deep
He attributes the superior fineness of texture in
these deep-sea kinds to the greater unifornity
of temperature of the water in such places.
Wnen alive, and betore they are washed, they
are black. Their canals are often inhabited by
little Crustacea. Such are the leading points of
the account given of sponges in the fifth book of
the history of the animals.
From Spratt and Forbe's Lycia.
Ice Swamp near the South Pass.
A correspondent of the Rochester Advertiser,
writing from Salt Lake, describes a natural curios
ity existing on the Sweet Water River, a few miles
above the well known Devil's (iate, below the boutb
Pass, in the shape of what he calls an ice swamp,
that is, a marshy glen on the south bank of the
tfrpam in whirh ftftr rlifyirimr nhnnf oicrrttjp.n !nrh.
... DO O "
es of peaty soil, a stratum of ice is reached, from
two to six inches thick. He says it is, pure and
perfect ice, but adds, somewhat contadictorily, that
it has "a saline or alkaline taste. .Be this, howev
er, as it may, we need not go so far as the South
Pass to wonder over the rarity of a sou beneath
which ice is to be found in the summer time,
There is a similar curiosity existing in Hamshire
county, Virginia, in the ice mountain, as it is called,
a high hill, upon the north-western side of which
is a stratum of loose rocks, some three feet deep,
on rsmoving which ice may be discovered in un
known abundance, at all seasons of the year.
AWhaieinth Thames. On the 16th
an unusual noise and appearance
were in the
Thames, near a place called Gray's wharf, some 30
miles below London, which was found to be oc
cassioned by a whale floundering in the mud. As
the tide receded the difficulty of the animal in
creased. A number of people were attracted to the
spot, who attacked him with sucji weapons as were
at hand, and they succeeded in securing and bring
ing him to the wharf where a handsome revenue
was derived from exhibiting him at a 6d a sight
He was 53 feet in length and 33 feet in girth, and
was computed to weigh 30 tons."
While the dog law was under discussion in the
Massacnussets uouse or n.epresenisuves,a wnggiau
member sent a private note to the Speiiker propos
ing that the subject he referred to Messrs. Cur-tit
Bow-ker and Barl-er.
"My dear," said an aflectionate spouse to her
husband, "am I not your only treasure ?" "Oh
yes," was the cool reply, "and I would willingly
lay it up
in heaven." What an "insinuating"
v; ' ; The President at Baltimore. ,
": President Taylor attended the State 'Acuhur
at Fair at Baltimore, and was in fine health nni
spirits. The old hero mingled with the people fit his.
own republican,- familiar way, and was greeted by
thousands most cordially, tie stopped 'at Burrx
urn's, where there was a perfect "jam to pay their
respects. 1 An account says!- S - !'.
Men of every rank and station, and grade of lift',
crowded in to get a sight of the hero President and
shake him by tbe band. ' Military men, profession
als, farmers and mechanics some of them in their
shirt sleeves all were received with the sani
hearty welcome a "good morning," and a kind
word. '. The, boys, too, the rising generation of Bal
timore, were. well represented, and: eame in for no
small share of provoking General Taylor's readinesa
in reply. ; Nothing seemed to daunt him." The
most unexpected sally received something apt and
appropriate. "How are you, old Bony V isty ?" sai4
a wag of an urchin, holding out his hand. "How
are you, my boy ?" said General Tay olrr "you"ll be
a General yourself some of these days if you don't
look out" ; "You stand it well," said an old sold
ier, alluding to his shaking hands so often, "I ought
to, said the lieneral, "supported in flank and rear.
I might extend the mention of these hits ad finilvmi
the crowd was in roars of laughter at these sallies,
and none seemed to enjoy the scene more than the
President himself." . n, '-.-
The plowing match is thus noticed tL'j u '.
"An immense hollow square was formed, with
in which the plowmen, Gen, Tay lortlie committee,
no others being admitted. ' It was surround- -edon
all sides by at least ten thousand peopUs,Th
President was furnished with a white horse, which
he rode round the lines to, the great delight of the
enthusiastic multitude." ; . ' . . , - i" ,, L:) .. ?
3ome of the incidents of the fair are given i ; ? s
"There was embroidery and worsted work, flow
ers, natural and artificial, table spreads and piano
covers, chair bottoms and . slippers; and. there was
a beautiful bed quilt, formed of small squares of
satin ribbon, and of almost every possible shade
and color, pieced together in the most perfect ana
beautiful manner. "Ah I" said General Timor,
"the man who gets' the hand that wrought that
counterpane will get a prize worth coveting." ,-A
stand was made for the President in this bulding,
and the crowd had an opportunity of shaking hands
and the ladies to kiss the dear old General, as thev
affectionately called him.' Some of the ladies pull
ed aside their veils for fear of any drawbacks. - A
Mary lander, with a fine military figure, stepped up,
and while shaking hands with General Taylor, pre
ferred his claim fot a commission. "What commis
sion would you like ?" asked the General "I would
like to be commissioned to relieve you of this putt
of your duty, and receive the kisses of the htdies
for you," said the modest individual ."Exactly," re
plied tbe i'resinent, lowering Jus voice to a whis
per, "but that duty belongs alone to the- General-in-Chief."
. v.: : -r.'-
We add a scene at the dinner, atrwhich Gener
al Taylor was a guest: also from the National In
telligencer"s accounts . . .- I
"But the event of the evening was lienenu.iar-
lor"s reply to a short and feeling expression of grati
tude from Lieut Walbach, who was "one" of hht staff
during the Florida campaign' When Lieut .Wai-
bach, in a voice almost choked with, emotion, allu
ded to the kindness of Gen,Taylor,'wben"he was
borne from the field, tears only such as soldiers
can shed, started from more than on$ eye,'The
President himself was' 'isrruch' affected ;'-but after a
momentary pause, he replied, ;withoutVri8irig.''in
a chaste, appropriate, terse arid feeling speech, that
brought every man' to hia feet"; The words "came
without hesiudori, 'easily" and . smoothly ; Webster
could scarcely have surpassed it," except perhaps,
that some slight oratorical flight might have atlcled
grace and finish to the delivery. The occasion,
however, scarce' seemed to "require that It is, of
course, impossible to convey any adequate idea of
the impression produced by General Taylor's, lan
uuage, and equally difficult would it be to give his
words, as the affair was altogether impromtu.
You shall have the benefit, however of a tolerable
memory : . " '. .. '.-.'.
"It has been my pride," said he,!during the forty
years that I have been in the service of the coun
try, to foster merit, wherever I found it among-th
young officers of the army, and those upon whom,
after all, tbe result of a battle mainly depends." J
have ever found it one of the greatest pleasures,
among the few incidents in military life, to watch
over them with that care which a father exercises
towards a rising family, in whom his affections"
centered. And when disease, with stealthy step,
crept into our ranks, it has been alike my duty and
my pleasure to show the sufferer that lie was car
ed for by his brethren-in-arms, and conveyecj to
where softer sympathies awaited him ..than the
camp affords. Though the battle-field, is not tha
place to cultivate the affections, it would be a great
mistake to suppose that soldiers ; are strangers
to those kindly feelings, the existence of which
makes up so large a portion of the sum' of human
happiness. The cultivation of those feelings.'and
their habitual exercise, is not only the duty of a
general officer, and a pleasurable one, but a duty
that he will not fail to attend to, even if he be a self
ish or ambitious man, as upon the affections of his
men he must depend in the day of trial. If I bavo
ka.n .iiniaDcfiil in ont, m i 1 i I o w o.rirm cit imnnrt.
ISGGU . .1, ...... J a.w..v.-
ance, it is to this I am indebted for such CO opera
tion on the part of the army I had the honor to com
mand, as enabled us to meet tbe foe with the de
term ination never to surrender. It is to this, ton,
perhaps that I owe the fortunate circumstance, that,
during a long military career, I have never appear
ed before any tribunal, and have never had any
occassion to attend any court-martial -1 have
been fortunate enough, as an officer, to escape even
the assaults of malice." ' Unpraclicied in framing
sentences for a lengthy extempore speech 'to a.
crowd. Gen. Taylor's diffidence disables him from
appearing to advantage. But surrounded by a few
friends at table, and upon an occasion when his feel
ings are aroused, he holds such language as few
men can command. The diction of his own chaste
and elegaut dispatches are then shadowed forth
so truthfully, that none could read the one" and
hear the other, without recognizing the anthenv
It was of no use to talk of toasts and speeches af
ter this. The company adjourned simultaneously
to talk over their surprise nd 'admiration some
where else. ' - i . "V ! ;
. 'Wall,' said a soft-hearted blubbering Jonsthnn
the other day, Suke has gin me the sack, by graxy I
I've lost her." -: 'Lost her; how ? inquired bis sym
pathising friend. - 'I laid the soft soap on to her 60
thick, that the critter got so proud she wouldn't
! speak to me.
"What salary do you expect?" inquired
a downtown merchant, on Saturday last of a youth
who was applying for a situation. "Enough to
keen me from wishing to steal," was the frank re
minder, and it pleased ' the merchant's well that
. " t; ...... r r-vr rf-i i
a bargain was soon strucK. , r uiooq.
The city of Boston expended d ttring the last year,
no2,l7l"3S for Free Schefrft' ,r- '" 1