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wha arrearages are pain, will De lailntuiiy atienaeaiu.
- , i- ?, Iiaw ol Newspapers. . ; " " .
, II' Subscribers who do ot eive express notice to the
eaotrary, areponsidered as wishing to continue theirau-efiptioHS."-
.-i.r-'-i -?-;-:--.-. -' -:.: .
2. If 'sflribers oriertheliscontinnance or thrlrpa
pej,thepobtilier.may continue to send them until all
arrearages are paid.
3. If asribers neglect or refuse totnke theirpapers
from the nffice to arhih lhy are directed, they are held
tespoiisibletill theysettlotheirbill and order their papers
discontinued. r , ' . " -. -,,.''
- 4. If sohseriSersremoveto other places, wilhont in
forming the publisher, and the paper is sent tothe form
at ilirectioB.theVarei held responsible.
5. The eouris hae decided that refnsiug to take
newspaper or periodical f rem the office, or removing an
leaving it uncalled for, is prima facie evidence of inten
tional fraud. '
Hotr Taifop rrK. -"First see that yoo hare paid
for it op to the time you wish it to stop: notify the post
mister of your desire, and ask himto notify the publisher
under his frank, fas he is authorizedto do! of you wish
o discontinue. "
- r Business r Directors.
SOXS OP TEMPERABfCB. -Tort
Stevens nivision. No, 432 Sta
led meetings, every Tuesday evening at the: Division
Roo mis the old Northern Exchange.; ; v , ;.. ...
CADETS OF TEMPEUAXCE.
'Fort Stevenson Section, IV'o, 102 meets
sveryThorsday evening m the Hall of the Sons of Tem
I. O. O. P.
' r'roijVtn i-od'-'eV TVoV'TT," meets at the Odd
Fellows flail, in Morehouse's building, every Saturday
, - -ROBERTS, HUBBARD fe CO., J .
MAKUrACTCRKRS OF . , .--.,,..'
Conner Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware,
Stoves. Wool, Hides, Sheep-pelts, KaffS
V Old Copper, Old Stoves &c, &c Also,
ALL SORTS OF GENUfN'E YANKEE NOTIONS.
v-. Pease's Brick. BlocK, Vo. 1.
Fremont, Snduky Ci. Ohio.
1819. A..-.!- . " Ll.
C. . 31c Ct'LLOCH,
Cllf DEM.ER I" '
DRUGS, MEDICINES." PAINTS, DTESTCFFS,
i, a 5 i "BOOKS. STATIONARY, &c. "
- FRKunvr. oitio. -'-
KAl-rH P. UCCKLAXD,
ATTORNEY and1 Counsellor at law and Solicitor
in Chancer, will attend to professional busiaese in
8artukr and Adjwin'uiff ronnlies.
ICT OFFtCK-r-Second story of Tyler's Block.
, . . JOIIX L, GREENE,
A TTORNET AT LAW and Pronecutine Attorney
Tor Sandusky county, Ohio, will attend to all pro
fessional business entrusted to his care, with promptness
nd fidelity. : "
O" OrrwK aUhe Onnrt H, r - . . -. .
uttAiasv zin1 rnnnwllor at Law.
- - -
- - ' AND SOLICITOR IS CHANCERY. "J
, . Office At the Court House.
, Fremont, Sandusky Co. O. . N-o 1.
. - v -rB. J. BAUTLETT, '
VTTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
FREMONT, SANDUSKY, CO., O.,
ILL eive his undivided attention to professional
business in Sandusky and the adjoining counties.
Fremont, Feb: 27, '49.
.'..w.- ; PJERKE BEAUGRAKD, ... ,
. j s i i 'PHYSIC I A N A NDi SUMOEON,
RESPECTFULLY tendeis his professional services
to th citizens of Fremont, and vicinity. ..
OrricBr! On door sou'h of McCullerh's Drng store.
' . ' LA Q. RAWSON, -V ' .'
' ; . pitysici a s asii s irgrox, '
' '" 'fre-mont. s an dusk . co.. o. . '.
' May 26. 1849.'.,- .,, ; .';J4-',.'
'; P QRTA G ET- C O UNTY ' :
Mutaal Fire Insorance Company .
' -'FREMONT;' SANDUSKY CO.. OHIO. ':'
ni;t.lj Ac SHEETS, ;j
vi PhyHitiatm attt ' Surgcou,
TREMUST, BAHUUShl Win I I, UHltJ.
3FF1CE Second Story of Knapp'a Building.
? Julv 7; 1849. "- ' 21
' ' 'Post-Office Honrs.
rriHE regolar Post-Office hours, until further notice,
1 will be as follows: - -
From 7 to 12 A. M. and from 1 to 8 P. M.
j . r a a a 111 . i f- A CP VT
DUIIUBJB irvili O lu XI it. aim nvin - t.i i t.a
: ,-v i W.M. STARK, P. M.
3.tJ ; NetW and Fashionable
-r; Boot n h il S It oe is h op.
rriHE undersigned, has opened a BOOT and SHOE
p shop on
. Main street, two doors north of the Post Office,
in Lower S-uuliisky. and is now manufacturing to urdkk
every thing in the above line with neut uess and despatch.
His materials are of the best quality, his workmen are ex
perieiicedaad all work is wabhaktf.d. :
- He intends to supply this inarKet with beautiful and
fashiouable - ' v
: GENTLEMEN'S BOOTS,
Men's, Boys', and Children's Boots Shoes and Brognns.
Cowhide and Kipskin, as well as pumps, slippers. &c
A'so. Ladies' and Misses' slippers Buskins, Gaiters &c,
all done on in neat and faeliionnble style, and delivered
witbpronifttnessanddesnatch. 1 1 be subscriber requests
a libera! share of the public patronage, and is determined
to merit the same.
. ' GEORGE WIGSTEIN.
June23, l9. l' 18:6m
- - ;t NEW ARRANGEMENT. .
, I. R ' If E-R T S E 1. 1. -
. , . u u u i
TTAVING entered into a partnerships the Drug Store
1.X owned by Ur. Sheets, in Tyler's Building, where
Jley now offer n full assortment of
Drugs, Medicines, Dye Stuffs, Oils, Paints,
and a great variety of ftmey articles, such as cologne,
hair oil, md-lihle ink, pen-Knives, combs, brushes of all
frfnds, with a full assortment of
for everr disease (hat affl ets mankind: which we offer
.at verv low paiees for Cash, Beeswax Ginseng, Sassafras
SCU4K ..WiM "W "w. DHn Q " , t.ni WW A 1 tVIB
I r ;r. , ; m Ready Pay tn tome thing,
is ear motto forever. SHEETS & BELL.
Fremont, July 14. 1849. 21
f . FASHIONABLE TAILORING.
5;""s p. MAXWELL, -
T ESPECLFtTLLY announces that he continnes his
- I V, banness in the second stoir of Knanp's building.
'opposite Burger's old stand, where he will be happy to
.watt ea hie old customers and all who need any thing in
Jiisline. If you want your garments made np right, and
'after the Latest Fashion call on MAXWELL.
"'-N. B. Particular attention paidtoCuttingand warrant
ad to fit if properly made Bp.---': . ' AprH 38, '49. -
For the freeman. . -.
., Who is tlie Friend!
Is he a friend that takes your hand
: "And smiles with gladsome face,
Wh'le foiturie showers at your command,
: Her gifts for your embrace;
But when advereity is nigh, .
Or datk'uiug prosjiects lower.
Withholds all tender sympathy
: In that distressing hour?
Is he a friend who does receive
All kindness at your hand,
And then, refusing to relieve
If you in need should stand,
Just looks, with thankless heart, and y
Of evil, .unt to slay,
Bui, I ke the Levile, passing by
' The otlier side the waj? . ' .
Is one a friend, who, on distress.
Great favors doth bestow.
While ever seeking to oppress, "
He strikes a fatal blow:-
: ; By slander, with a fell design, -
Inflitls a deadly wound; ...
And charges crimes, by spite malign,
While trifling faults are found?
Is he a friend that, first, doth raise .
Arti ction in a breast,
' And talk of future happy days,
" And all that is possessed
-.By Ihoje, who, in true love, here spend
A life of union sweet -
Then, recklessly, die-cards that fiieu d.
Perhaps no more to meet?
I answer no: true friendship lasts
As long as life endures:
' And fro.n its storms and chilling blasts
The faithful heart secures,-'.
- Such friendship erst was found below
Transplanted from the skies f
An antidote for griel and woe .
The "Tree of Paradise."
The,"Friend of Sinners" left his throne
Of Majesty on hiah.
And, influenced 1)J love aloue.
For rebels rsme to die.
. And triends there are, who, though denied
. . A clianee lor suit or plea.
Nay, when 8,'Urned I rum o. hera' side
Are TKOK AS I'Klf.NDS Call BK.
Ill the breast i fall mankind
Are piisaions strange and w-ild;
But friendship Ciiii 11,0 strongest bind,
' And iiiuke it calm and tniM.
And friendship should, unmixed with f ar,
Like that enjojed above.
By his command be cherished here, .
That taught us '-God is Love."
.A friend deserving of the name
Is the best iift of heaven:
"His wound are faithful," with the same,
The healing halm is given.
To vindicate a tiue friend's part,
I uever will t'eclnie;
? Nor check the beiting of a heart,
. . In unison wiih mine. E-. S.
Fremont, Decen-b r, 1849.
S c V e n t i & c .
.- From the C neinnati Gazette.
Tclacity of Electrical Waves.
'-. , Cincinnati Observatory,
' ' . Nov. 28th, 1849. J
Messrs. Editors: In my last communication on
this subject I gave the results of experiments fit the
Observatory oh the evening of the 12th inst. By
those experiments, I found that it required twen1
ty-one thousandths of one second of time, for one
electriciil or galvanic wave or current to traverse a
circuit of wire (307 miles in length.
That experiment alone could not however deter
mine any thing absolute with reference to contend
ing theories. The magnet was placed at the end
of the circuit, and since it could not be compared
in its moment of response with other magnets along
the line, it was impossible to decide whether mag
nets are operated in their order of distance from the
battery, or whether they all respond at the same
moment of time wherever situated, this simultane
ous response occurring after the completion of ab
solute circulation, or at the moment the galvanic
wave from one pole of the battery reaches the oth
er pole of the battery.
Experiments were performed on the evening of
the 26th inst, (with every care) designed to aid in
determining the true theory of magnetic action as
produced by galvanic batteries. As in the exper
iments of the 12tl) inst, thesiderial clock pendulum
closed a local l ircuit, which operated the magnet,
driving the standard pen. This pen remained un
changed during the entire series of experiments,
anil recorded the alternnte beats of the clock, by
striking a minute round dot into a metalic plate re
volving on my disc, with uniform velocity.
A second pen, adjusted to the first in sach man
ner that the line joining the dots of these pens
would pass through the centre of the disc, (if struck
with the disc at rest,) gave the opportunity of per-
tormmg the experiment in the most simple and per
feet manner. -To avoid all possible source of error,
the main circuits operating the receiving magnet
which closed the local circuit operating this second
pen,) were made by the back and upward stroke
ot th standard pen. By this arrangement in case
the local batteries of the two pens, and their arma
ture times are equal, with equal short circuits the
variable will follow the standard, by the same con
stant interval, viz: the armature time of the stand
ard pen. This constant once determined, any
change in the interval by which the variable pen
follows the standard pen, produced by the use of
circuits of different lengths will be due the velocity
of the galvanic ware, nil other thinep being equal.
With this explanation I proceed to the experi
Experiment No. 1. The battery in Pittsburgh
was placed on the wire circuit, which passing from
each pole of the battery terminated in the transit
room ot the Observatory. One of these wires pas
sed to the back screw of the standard pen, the
other passed through the receiving magnet to the
metalic handle of the same pen. Thus at every
back stroke of the standard pen a complete metalic
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, DECEMBER 15, 1849;
circuit was formed and the galvanic waves flowing
from the poles of the Pittsburgh battery (in case
there be two) came from Pittsburgh to Cincinnati
303. J miles before either wave could reach the
The question to be decided is this '. Did the mag
net respond at the moment the waves united in it?
or not until after the two waves had gone entirely
round the circuit and had come up to the pole ot
the Pittsburgh battery opposite the one from which
it emanated ?
Having made the connection, the two pens re
corded thirty beats of the clock, the one with the
short local circuit, the other with a circuit drawn
from Pittsburgh. ' ? :
2d Experiment. The Pittsburgh battery was
now taken off the line, the wires were united in
Pittsburgh and the battery in Cincinnati was em
ployed. The circulation of the positive wave was
as follows: From the positive poll of the battery
in the O'JReily office, Cincinnati, by one wire to the
Observatory, to the back screw of standing pen,
from metalic handle of pen to receiving magnet
io. 1 ; thence by continuation of the mam wire to
Pittsbn rh, back to Observatory by a second wire
through receiving magnet No. 2, to the ground;
thence by ground to negative pole of main battery
Receiving magnet No. 1, was first caused to op-
erat the local of variable pen, and thereby beats of
the clock were recorded by standard and variable
pens. Here the variable pen was driven by a cir
cuit 607 miles in length, provided we adopt the
theory that both waves must unite in the magnet
to move it for alt hough the magnet was only one
mile from the positive pole of the battery it was
ri06 miles from the negative pole.
3d Experiment. Same as jS'a 2, only the vari
able pen was now driven by receiving magnet No.
2. This magnet was only one mile from the nega
tive pole of the battery, while it was by the wire
circuit 606 miles from the positive pole. Thirty
beats of the clock were recorded by the combi
nation. ' .
4th Experiment The circuit being the same as
before the wire coming from Pittsburgh was fast
ened to the back screw of the standard pen, and
through pen handle to receive magnet No. 2, and
thence to ground, and by ground to battery. Re
ceiving magnet No. 1 first drove the variable pen
and thereby beats were recorded by the standard
and variable pens.
This done, receiving magnet No 2 drove the va
riable pen and another series of thirty beats were
The experiments were further varied, and many
more were performed which will he elsewhere re
ported. We now present the results.
In the first experiment with Pittsburgh battery,
receiving magnet 303 miles from the battery, va
riable pen fell behind standard pen after all cor
rections, by an interval equal to s 0.0206. This is
almost absolutely identical with the result reached
on the 12th inst
In experiment No. 2, with receiving magnet No!
1, one mile from the position pole of the Cincinnati
battery, and 606 miles from negative pole of the
same battery, variable pen followed standard pen
by s 0.0205, a result agreeing with the former to
within one ten thovxandth of a second. In the
fourth experiment with receiving magnet No. 2, va
riable pen followed standard s 0.0207.
These results accord exactly with those reported
from the experiments of the 12th, which were as
Variable pen fell behind standard, on : first
trial, s 0.0204
4th, . 0.0219
5th, , 0.0213
' From all these experiments we reach the follow
ing remarkable conclusions:
1st; In case there be two galvanic waves, ema
nating from the opposite poles of a battery, neither
of these alone can operate a magnet.
"2d. The union of these two galvanic waves in a
magnet does not per se give any magnetic power.
3d. To move a magnet the two waves must not
only unite in the magnet, hut complete circdatiori
must be effected by each from pole to pole. -
4th. In case a wire circuit were formed round
the globe, and this circuit contain a hundred mag
nets at equal distances from each other, the connec
tion being made at any post on the line, every mag
net will respond at the ahsohite moment of time,
but this response will follow the instant of connec
tion of the wires by nearly one second of time.
5th. In experiments for difference of longitude
with any given circuit, differences of longitude will
not be affected by wave time. But in case the re
corded moment of signal is to be reduced to the ab
solute moment, it must be diminished by the wave
time due to length of circuit
6th. To obtain differences of longitude with pre
cision, we must know at each station 1. Strength
of battery 2. Armature time of all the magnets
3. Length of pass 4. Tension of back spring. In
order to correct for all the errors introduced from
As these corrections have been hitherto neglect
ed as insensible, so far as I know there will be a
small uncertainty hanging over all results hitherto
obtained. Yours, respectfully,
James Rnssell, the Astronomist.
This man has done more to advance the Science
of Astronomy, than has been accomplished in an'
of the sciences, during the last half century! He
constructed two Planitariams that commanded the
admiration of the se'entific world. The first was
purchased and taken to Europe. The second was
burned in the destruction of the exhibition room,
in Providence, Rhode Island. At present the ad -vantages
of hat great man's genius and learning
are lost to this country 1
Will not the Senate and Representatives in Con
gress, make an effort to have Congress make an
appropriation for the purpose of having Mr. Russell
construct a new Planitariam, with the improve
ments which his former performances have sug
gested, to be placed in the Smithsonian institute?
Mr. Russell is now advanced in life without hav
ing met with that favor and encouragement, which
the magnitude of his achievements in science, and
the lasting influence which hisgenius has produced
upon the age in which he lives, merited.
His fame and genius belongs to Ohio. Her re
presentatives will appreciate him.
ill t a c e 1 1 a n e a u s
Sanctity of Private Life. - a
'Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, :
Thou shall not escape calumny."
'That thou art blamed .dinll not he thv defect; '
; For slander's mark Was ever yet the fair: ;
o thou he good slander doth but approve
Thy worth the greater."
We notice with true pleasure the manifestation
of a disposition by several of our leading journnals
and journalists, to discountenance a practice which
of late years has disfigured the character of a por
tion of the press of this country. We allude to a
propensity, on the part of certain correspondents.
to contribute to a morbid taste ana a corrupt curi
osity, by introducing to the public, details of scenes
and circumstances of strictly social and private
character, and concerning which the world at large
have no direct interest whatever. Often too, these
details are the wanton fabrications of the idle, the
gossiping, the scandal loving or the malignant; and
thus, the injury to the parties whose names or char
acters are introduced, is of the most painful, nay,
sometimes of the most fearful kind. The press is
a mighty engine for good or for evil. A leading
public journal, when governed by proper principles
and aiming at laudable' objects, not only exercises
a vast influence upon society, but is at once a
source of pleasure, profit, moral asd mental instruc
tion. And yet, when a journal that is either pow
erful by talent or circulation, forgets its lofty posi
tion and high responsibilities, and becomes a vehic
le for the utterance of calumny, the expression of
prejudice, or the indulgence of personalities, it de
generates into a public curse, and should be dis
couraged and denounced by all good men. For
tunately there are few, very few such prints in the
United btates. And these few are limited in cir
culation or confined to a comparatively narrow
sphere and by the very fact of their propensity to
scandal and misrepresentation, deserve and receive
the contempt of intelligent and vi-tuous society.
Kut, we occasionally nnd a violation of good taste
on the part of a worthy cotemporary, which arises
less trom a disposition to injure than from a misap
prehension of the proprieties of life and the sancti
ties of the domestic circle; A little reflection, and
we are sure that all this would be avoided. We
are fully aware of all the delicacies and responsibil
ities. If indeed a journalist would give utterance
to one tenth of the stories that are circulated m pn
vtite life, circulated too, on apparently well authen
ticated data he would commit a fearful amount
of wrong and iniustice, and inflict wounds which
no apology, no recantation, no contradiction, would
The curious, the envious,' and the malicious, arc
always on tiptoe for some novelty in the way of
scandal, or some rumor by which they may soil the
character or blacken the fame of some fellow crea
ture. And many of these pests of society require
only the most indirect hint, the slightest whisper,
the most trifling incident, to induce them to iruag
inft. a thousand circumstances of error and guilt,
which exist only in their vivid and calumny teeming
hearts. Hence the necessity of caution caution
not only on the part of public journals, but private
A scandal, a vile and unfounded calumny has
as we doubt not, in hundreds of cases, struck death
to the heart of some gentle and sensitive being,
just as effectually 'as the dagger of an assassin. In
our own country, there is nothing so sensitive) noth
ing so precious as female reputation. 'Like down
on the bloom and beauty of a peach touch italid
it is gone.' The tale of the slanderer, although
conceived in jealousy, in envy or malevolence; has
its ettect. It has passed Irom hp to lip, the major
ity expressing incredulity, and sometimes indigna
tion but at the same time circulating the fold sto
ry. . Ever and anon, too, some malignant spirit, al
ways teadv to blacken the character or exult over
the downfall of another, will detail a plausible Me
ory calculate! to give force to the vile misrepre
sentation, and thus the innocent, the pure, the en
vied, are made to suffer. Language is inadequate
to express tne attrocious nature ol conduct HKe
this. Earth does not contain a being more dispic
able than the deliberate and habitual slanderer
the wretch who delights in staining' and darkening
what is white and pure, in disturbing the peace
of mind of the kind and gentle-hearted, in chang
ing to bitterness and anguish, the breast that was
before calm, quiet and happy. And when too, the
Press, with its multiplied voices, and Us capacity
of transmitting a fact or falsehood to the ends of
the earth, is made a minister to this baseness and
wickedness, it indeed falls from its high estate, and
is prostituted to an unholy purpose. Still we re
peat, the instances are rare of such unworthy de
reliction from honor, propriety and duty.
We can imaging nothing so dinpicable as an in
dividual gifted with talents, or in the enjoyment of
position, and yet willing to prostitute either to the
purposes of wanton and malignant calumny. - The
high wayman on the road is a mild ofender compar
ed with such a miscreant The subject is trite, and
yet the evils of slander cannot be expiated upon in
language too strong. We have known so many
gentle spirits wounded, so many men of sensibility
inflamed and maddened by subtle, carefully devised
and cautiously circulated inuendos and misrepre
sentations, that we have imbibed not only an antip
athy but a horror for the habitual slanderer the
envious malignant, who, dissatisfied with himself
and the whole world, only seems in his element,
when seeking to destroy the happiness or to sap the
character of those whose virtue and worth, he has
not the steady principles or the moral courage to
emulate. How beautifully and forcibly has the
poet expressed the sentiment and sketched the
"With that malignant envy, which erows pale
And sickens, even if a friend prevaiU
Wh.ch merit and success pursues with htite,
Aud damns the worth it cannot immitate."
The California Constitution.
The locofoco papers have represented that the
article in the California Constitution prohibiting
slavery was introduced by ex-Gov. Shannon, of
Ohio. This is a mistake, as that gentleman was
not a member of the Convention. It was W. E.
Shannon, formerly of Bath, Steuben county, who
introduced the article. He went out as Captain in
Col. Stevenson's regiment. Capt. Shannon was a
whit, and his introduction of the anti-slavery clause
in the California Convention is pretty good evi
dence that he adheres to his political faith.
' The Hnniped-Back Cousin.
Behold an extraordinary adventure of these later
days. If it were an ordinary occurence, one need
not relate it. . , ' - , "
A father of a family inhapiting the Rue de la
Michodiere, recieved last summer, a letter from his
nephew, who was in the employ of Hyder Abad.
mis letter conciuuea tnus.
'I have received the portraits of my two cousins,
Marie and Margaret I have never had the pleasure
of seeing them, as I have lived with Hyder Abad,
since my youth, but I am sure that these two por-
traits are resemoiances. 4. win arrive at Havre by
the ship Inos Ego, about the 1st of October, and
on my arrival 1 am determined, with your consent,
to mary tne Deautitul Mar- ."
' The breaking open of the letter had destroyed
the rest of the name. It is impossible to tell if the
cousin asks Marie or Margaret in marriage. The
two sisters, united previous to this time have com
menced to live in misunderstandings each of them
positive that it was the rest of her name which
was torn off in breaking the seal.
The father employed his eloquence in calming
the anger of his daughters, when a servant, sent
in advance, arrives from Havre, announcing that
his master left for Pans with the evening tram.
The servant overwhelmed with questions re
plied that his master was ruined, and that he had,
moreover, on his left shoulder, the horrid protuber
ance which caused, according to Planude, so many
misiortunes to csop tne rnrygian.
The two cousins determined, : hereupon to re
main single torever, betore marrying a cousin hump
backed and ruined. .
As they take this oath for the thirtieth time in
twelve hours the cousin am es. His uncle warme
ly embraces him : the cousins make him a polite
dow, ana turn away their eyes.
The uncle then explains the incident -of the torn
letter, and asks the matrimonial intentions of his
nephew. .. - . -
'It is my cousin Marie whom I come to marry,'
'Never! never! screamed Marie. -1 am conten
ted with my condition, and I will remain in it'
'Mademoiselle,' said the nephew, I have adopted
the custum of the country vhere I have educated.
Read the customs of Hyder Abad, in Tavernier.
There, when a young man refused in an offer of
marriage, he withdraws himself from society as ,a
He kills himself! exclaimed the other sister, the
good Magaret ' .
He kills himself replies the nephew, in the
the tone of a man who is about to commit suicde.
Idis poor cousin,' said Margaret, weeping to
come from such a distance, to die in the bosom of
his family!' - -
'1 know," continued the nephew, that my de
formity afficts the sight of a woman, but in time
the eyes of woman, become habituated to all things,
I knowj also, that my commercial position is not
prosperous. 1 hrown very young in the diamond bus
iness, the only occupation of Hyder Abad, I lost
there all my fortune otmy lather; but 1 have ac
quired experience;! am young active and industri
ous. Ihese are riches in themselves.'
'Yes, yes, hump-backed and ruined!' muttered
Mane aside in a bantering tone.
'Poor young man !' said Margaret, and she adds,
'my cousin, I am refused and you pay no attention
'And by whom refused ? inquired her cousin. -
But to your cost, by you, since you have prefer
ed my sister to me.
'Eh( bien!' said the cousinj 'will you accept me
if I ask you in marriage from my uncle ?'
'I will engage my father to let my cousin live
What!' exclaimed the hump-back, 'you consent
hiy lovely Margaret, to "
Save the life of a relative! Indeed I will not
waver a minute.'
That is Very well ! my daughter,' said the un
cle, affected by this scene. 'Romances have hot
spoiled you. I have a very small income, but I
ought not to abandon the son of my brother in mis
fortune. I will will keep him hear, as kindred, for
where there is enough for three there is enough
The cousin threw himself at Margaret's feet say
ing, 'You have saved an unfortunate man from des
pair and death.'
Margaret held out her hand to Ler cousin and
raised him tip.
At a little distance Marie muttered to herself,
'My sister has courage. As for me, I would let
all poor hump-backed cousins die.
Uncle,' said the young man, 'allow me to make a
sight toilet before bieakfast.
He pressed Margaret's hand, bowed to Marie,
and left to change his travelling attire.
The uncle and his daughters were at table and
awaited their fourth guest.
The servant announced the cousin or Hyder
The two girls uttered two screams, but on differ
They see enter a charming young man tall, with
out any hump-back, who embraces Margaret and
placing before her a basket, he says to her: Behold
your marriage portion.
It was a basket full of diamonds. It was morever
the hump, which had deceived the custom-house
officer ahd which had thus arrived free of duties.
"See what I have carried on my shoulders,' said
the cousin, 'from Bombay to Havre, to offer it to
that one of my cousin who would accept me with
my false poverty and my feigned deformity.'
There was great joy in the house, which was as
tonishing as it may seem, participated in by
Marie. It is true that Marie loved her sistef deaf
ly without detesting the diamonds.
Cooked L10K-. -The skins of all lions killed
throughout the regency, says Capt Kennedy, in
his Journey through Algeira. and lunis, are sent
to the Bey, who pays a handsome premium on
each. The flesh is eaten ; and, contrary to our ex
pectation, we found it excellent, and made a cap
ital supper upon the ends of the ribs stewed with
a little salt and red peper. Tt tasted like very
young beef, and was neither tough nor strong fla
There is nothing purer than honesty nothing
sweeter than charity nothing warmer than love
nothing richer than Wisdom nothing . brighter
than- virtue and nothing more steadfast than faith.
These united in one mind form the purest, the
sweetest, the warmest, the richest, the brightest,
and the most ste3dtast happiness.
11 'I rr - - - "iifn 'rTXCSmm
-J-, South Carolina.- - :;'V
' Governor Seabrook. in his Messan-p" 'ntralies firm.
elf first to the consideration of the Federal refa-
tions of South Carolina With the other States of tha'
Union.' -He warmelv recommends the Mississinnl''
scheme of a southern Convention, and suggest the" ,
cjivuKruvjr ui mipowCTmg me ovemor, Djr
statute," either to con voke the Legislature; if ot
in session, of to issue writs of election fur a Con-
vention of the People, should the Wllmot Proviso.
or any kindred measure, receive the formal enhcte;
ment of Congress. - He also recommends that tW
circulation of rncendmry papers, be declared nn of-t
fence punishable with severe penalties, 'nnd- that
the eaisting laws beso modified as effectually 'to5
prevent emissaries in the State, by personal efforts
or incendiaries out of the state, from effecting,"
through the mail, the accomplishment ' of their
sheraes. .-,-:.. ,; "; ' '- ': i'
After the adjournment of the last legislature 'the
Governor made a tour of visitation to the arsenals.'
and attended as many of the regimental reviews as'
his civil pnffaffpmftnto ...... .:t .-ri.A W..,Wi'
' - .1 Will VA lull. . 111. ,CU4.
was to convince him that the military condition ; of
the State is deplorably defective. Not onfv the
ordinary means of defence, but measurably all the
a l e . i ' .... J- .
luuteriHisiu war una military arcor were wanting;
ixe. says . - - : -;-'. . -
'It is, perhaps, unnecessary to assure tou that
South Carolina must, hereafter, -exist ; as a military
people. The history of our country, for the last
ten years, affords abundant proof that, as long"' as
the Union endures, there is to be no peace for tha
slaveholder. An eternal warfare against hisrighti
of person and property, under the associated hr
nuence ot the people and the States of the North;
and the central power, has been solemnly and delU
berately decreed. . For this reason, it is essential.
that the community, of which he is a member.
should be prepared, at any moment, for every mer
gency.'V ... -'; :--,;;: -., .;. ..... s
He recommends measures to be takes for the re
organization of the military ; the appropriation of
$50,000 to purchase arms and munitions of.: war
t5- '..'"- . - .-. : - 1 : : r -'-' ;n
He proposes a plan for winding up the Bank of
the State depriving it of its banking powers, but
continuing it as a corporation- until I860. Its df
ministration he commends, but condemns thet put
icy in which the institution itself originated. , -ri
the public debt of the State, payable at ranoui
periods within the next twenty yearSj is $?,310t
896. . : : s
The resources of the Bank, applicable to the
payment of this debt, amount to $3,889,368,60,'
abilities of the State, of $1,532,843,99. or oye
two and half milions, if the sumof $1,051,00S.
received from the Federal Government on deposit,
be included. . ' . . ," . . v." ,
The white population of the State of South Caro-;
lina is, 280,386 a little more tlian half that of (he
city of New York.- .' : -' ;-' -; "i
The three principal Railroads under contraband
the lesser ones on which operation may shortly be
expected to commence, with the' Columbia add
Hamburg Road and its branches, will exhibit, whenr
completed, a net work of railways, equal to an -extended
line 'of 951 miles, in a territorial area' of
30,000 square miles. ' h Jour, of ConiitM
The Rev. Mr. Giles is lecturing in New Yorlt Hp
on a variety of "home and : every day subjects."
A few evenings since he lectured upon, conversaj
tion,' in which . occurs the follojving.. passage a
picture which will be readily recognized as true fa
the life!.- . . -;. -j :: v ' ;
He said that a Targe portion of conversation was
an interchange of words without thought -There
were certain topics that seemed made for the piir
pose. It was observed by a brilliant English writer
that all accidents were evidently dispensation of pro
vidence for the benefit of the newspaper; and as a
proof of this, it might be noticed, that they occur
red with much greater frequency during the recess
of Parliament Enlarging on this saymg.we might
assert that certain important phenomena lake placjr
as subjects for conversation. One of the most im
portunt of them is health. The fioal cause of fnll
this, one would suppose, was to serve as an open
ing for conversation. We commence every mterj
view with an mpuiry after each other s health a 9
one expects the enquiry to .be answered. ,.,Yo'
meet one rosy as rising sun; but, you cannot fiej
gin to talk with him unless you first ask about his
health. You fall in with a friend in the last stagi
of consumption on a frosty October morning, and
you hope that he is very well. Hie object is to
have something to say. It rheumatism, colas antt
dyspepsia were lost to the world, how many would
be suddenly struck dumb. ' You. might as well
seal the tongue at once as to take away ." the, pel
complaint. . ..... ; ' : t.
The e:itheris anotner phenomena mace to pro
vide people with the subject of talk. Of what use
is the weathr.unless for persons to tell each other
what it is. You inform your friend it is hot, while
you aie both bathed fh a river of perspiration or
that it is cold, w line you stammer irom ine cuauer?
ing of your teeth, Politics and the dollar are'other
topics that answer the same end. But as. politics
may breed contention, men fall back on the dollar.
Of 30i000 nouns in the English language, thedo
lar is that w hich is most freq uently "heard. . Like
the theme of symphony in music, it isneverlo6t.ia
the storm of the orchestra. The dollar is a noun
substantive, a noun ubiquitous, a noun omnipotent.
Conversation ought to be mental in music, in
which diversity of thought in the unity of humanr
ity makes the harmony of the soul. Amenity and
propriety are essential conditions.' A march would
not go music in a church, nor an anthem in a ball
room. . .. . - - ';..; , . , v, -
' r ' L':?'.
The Power of Gold. !
Until recently no Jew wasallowed tolive. oreven
to sleep in the Protestant University town -ef Et
rangen, in Germany.- Now, howerer; if a Jew be
worth 20,000 florins, and will buy a house in which
to dwell, Elrangen tolerates his-presence. i. ,i
Upon which the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser
justly remaksr We have art instance hearer home.
A colered man without a picayune, is not allowed
to vote in this slate. But let him httve $250, and
lie is equal to a white man in this respect,' so that
there is just $250 difference between the two col
ors, or the right of suffrage is estimated to be worth
this sum. Therefore, the "power of gold" restores
the equilibrium between the two races or $250
are entitled to a vote, while the man is not, provi
ded his face is darker than the legal standard.-;
When we look abroad upon the great potato
patch of the world, we see innumerable hills, filled
to overflowing with the smallest kind of taters, and
a feeling of sadness comes over us at the thought
that they will never be any larger. -
Keep out of a hasty man's way fo awhile ; out
of sullen men's-sll your life. . - . ; .