Newspaper Page Text
- THE FREEMAN.
nv . .-.
', , TERMS.
favmeatia advance.... ........ .... .... $1,50
. ":- Do; . withiL the year . . 2 00
Do. ' ; afterthe expiration of the year i ....3,50
A failure to notify nsof a desire todiscoolinDe,! under
stood as wishing to continaeth subscription, and thepa
pnr will osteal tccordingly, but all orders to discontinue,
when arrearages are paid", will be faithfully attendedto.
Law of Newspaper!.
- 1. Subscribers who do not eive express notice to the
oatrarv, are sousidered as wishing to continue theirsur .
2. If-.u'woribers order IhedieContimiance of their pn
pars. the publisher may continue to send them until all
arrearages are paid. ...
3. If jubcribersaeglector refuse totake theiTpapers
from the office to which thy are directed, they are held
discontinued. " " .
4. If subscribers remove to other places, witbont in
Wminethe publisher, and the paperissent tolhe form
er direction, thev are held responsible. -
.XUa.eanrts hare decided thHt refusing to take a
Newspaper or periodical from the office, er removing and
leaving it uncalled for, is prima facie evidence of inten
tional fraud. ' . - . .
Mow To STOI .,. First see that von have paid
for it opto the time you wish it to stop: notify the post
master of vour desire, and ask himto uotify the publisher
under his frank, as he is authoritedto do of jou wish
e discontinue. ...
SOXS OF TEMPERANCE.
Fort Stevenson Oivision. N. 432-Sta-ted
meeliiigs. everv Tuesday evening at the Division
Room in the old Northern Exchange.
CADETS OP TEMPERANCE.
Tort Stevenson Secllnn, lVo,102 meets
sveryThnrsdayevening in the Hall of the Sons of I em
I. O. O. P.
Crosnan l.ode, No. 17, meets atthe Odd
Fellows Hall, in Morehouse's buildiug. every Saturday
' ROBERTS, HUBBARD & CO..
' .-.. . . MAKOVACTORr.BS OF
- Copper, Tiu and Sheet-Iroa Ware,
W - D nXALKBS I!t
.Stoves, Wml, Hides, Sheep-pelts, Kcjs
Old Copper, Old Stoves, tc, &c Also,
ALL SORTS OF GENUINE YANEE NOTIONS.
"' i Pease's Brick Block, No. 1.
"Fremont, Sandut-kv Co. Ohio.
C. U. Mc CULLOCH,
' " '." ' " " DIALER IN
nRtTOR . MF.DICINES PAINTS, DTESTUFFS,
BOOKS. STATIONARY, &c.
' ' , FREMONT, OHIO.
: KAM'H H. BUCKIiAXI,
ATTORNEY and Counsellor at law and Solicitor
ii Cbancerv.will attend to professional business in
Saiiriuskv and Adjoining counties. "
ItJ Office Second story of Tyler's Block.
JOHN It. GREENE,
ATTORNEY AT. LAW and Prosecutine Attorney
for SanduskV coitntv, Ohio, will attend to nil pro
fessional business eutrusted to his care, with promptness
and fidelitr. .
03" Ovricit at the Conrt II"H". '
Attorney and Counsellor at Iiaw,.
"-.-..'.---r AND SOLICITOR IS CHANCKBY.
Office At the Court House.
Fremont, Sandusky Co. O. No 1.
. B. J. BARTLETT, .
VTTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
V FREMONT, SAKDOSKY, CO., O.,
WILL give his undivided attention to professional
ncsioessin Sandusky aud the adjoining counties.
.." Fremont, Feb. 27, '49.
1... : PIERRE BEACGRAND,
PHYSICIAN- AND SURGEON;
RESPECTFULLY tendeis his professional services
to the citizeus of Fremont, and vicinity.
' i Omen. One door south of McCulloch's Drug store.
,.. I v LA Q. RAWSON,
. PHYSICIAN AN SURGEON,
' FREMONT, SANDUSKY CO., O. '
! May 26i89. . 4
PORTA G E COUNTY
' Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
It . M9 . B V V I L. .f ,V Mi , .tgent.
... j FREMONT, SANDUSKY CO OHIO.
11ELL & SHEETS,.- :
PhyHicians atttl Surgeon, -
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY,-OHIO.
OFFICE Second Story of Knapp't Building,
Post-Off ice Honrs.
THE regular Post-Office hours, uutil further notice,
will be as follows:
From7 to 12 A. M. and from 1 to 8 P. M.
' Sundays front 8 to 9 A. M. and from 4 to 5 P. M.
' -- - W. M. STARK, PI M.
New and Fashionable -Boot
ttntl Shoe Shop.
r FHE undersigned, has onened a BOOT and SHOE
1 shop on
Main street, two doors north of the Post Office,
in Lower Sandusky, and is now manufacturing to okdkh
everv thing in the above line with neatness and despatch.
His materials are of the best quality, his workmen are ex
perienced, and all work is warvastkd. '
1 He intends to supply this marxel with beautiful and
Men's, Boys', and Children's Boots Shoes and Brngans.
Cowhide aiid Kipskin, a well as numps, slippers, &c
Also, .Ladies' aud Misses' slippers Ruskius, Gailere &c,
all done u; in Beat and fashionable style, and deli a
with promptness and despatch. I he subscriber reqtie
a liberal share of the public patronage, and is determiue'
to merit the same.
... GEORGE W1GSTEIN.
' Jane 23, M9. .' 18:6m
... NEW ARRANGEMENT.
DRS; SHEETS & BELL,
TT A VING entered into a partnershipin the Drag Store
- 1lJ - owned by Dr. Sheets, in rvler s Building, where
Jiey now offer a full assortment of :
" Drugs, Medicines, Dye Stuffs, Oils, Paints,
and a ffreat rarietv of fancv articles, such as cologne.
hair oil, indelible ink, pen-Knives, combs, brushes of all
kinds, with a fall assortment of
- PATENT MEDICINES,
for every disease thai afflicts mankind; which we ofFe
at verv low psices for Cash, Beeswax Ginseng, Sassafras
Bare from the root and Paper Hags. Low Prices, aud
.- ; Ready Pay in something,
Isour motto forever. SHEETS & BELL.
' Fremont, July 14. 1849. 21
- - FASHIONABLE TAILORING.
-. ! P. MAXWELL, -
RESPECLFULLT announces that he eontinnes his
business in the second sloiy of Knapp's building,
opposite Burger's old stand, where he will be happy to
wait en hie old customers sud all who need any thing in
fais line. If you want your garments made no right, and
after the Latest Fashion rait on MAXWELL.
-- N. B. Particolarattention paid (oCuttiDg and warrant
ed to fit if properly made up. April 28, '40.
VOLUME I. :
ft a c t r jj ,
1 From Graham's Magazine.
THE BROTHER'S LAMENT.
BY MRS. AMELIA B. WELBT.
One moment more, beneath the old elm, Mary,
Where last we parted in the flowing dell
One moment more through twilight tints that vary,
To gaze upon thy grave, aud then, farewell!
Ere from this spot, aud these loved scenes I sever,
Where still thv lovely spirit seems to stray-
One look to fix them on my soul forever
And then away !
Mary, 1 know my steps should now be shrinking
From this sad spot but on my mournful gaze .
A scene floats op that sets my soul to thinking
On all the dear delights of other days!
I'm (razing on the little foot-bridge yonder
Throwu o'er the stream whose waters purl below,
Where I so oft have seeu thee pause aud ponder,
Leaning thy while brow on thy hand of mow.
I'm standing on the spot where Inst we parted,
Wheie, as I left llieeiu the frHgranl deh,
I saw thee til ll so oft half broken hearted
- Waving tlty hand in token of ftirewell.
1 start to meet thy footstep light and airy .
riui the cold grass waves o'er'thy sweet youn
Would thai the shioud that wraps thy lair form,
. W rapped mine instead:
In va'n my heart its bitter thoughts would parry, ,
An adder's grasp biut its choros seem curled,
For you were all I ever thought of, Mary
Were all I doted on in this wide world!
And yet, I'd sigh not while thy fate I ponder,
Did memory only bring thee to my eyes
Pale as thou steepest in the church-yard yonder
Or as an angel duzzling from the skies!
I then at least could treasure each sweet token
Oi thy pure love and in life's tnad'uing whirl
Steel my crushed heHit had not thine own been broken
Poor hapless girl!
But, Mary M irv, when I think upon thee,
As when 1 lost beheld thee in thy pride
And on the fate oh God! to which he won thee
I curse the hour that sent me from your side!
Oh why were thou so richly, strangely gifted
With mortal loveliness beyond compare?
The look of love beneath thy lashes lifted
' lis fatal sweetness was to thee a snare! -
I Yet sleep, my sister I will not upbraid thee
Thou wert too sweet ko innocently . ei r:
But he the exulting demon who betrayed thee
He lives, he lives, and I am loitering here!
Even now sonic happirr fair one's chains may hind him
In dalliance sweet but I'll avenge lliee well!
Avergethee? Yes! a brother's curse will find him,
Though he should dive into the deeps of hell!
I swear it, sister as thou art forgiven
By nil our wrongs by all our several lies.
And by the blessedness of yon blue heaveu.
That gives its world of xzure to mine eyes!
-By all my love by every sacred duty
A brother oweB and by yon heaving soil,
Thine early grave and hy thy blighted beauty,
Thou sweetest iingel ill the realms of God !
swear it. by The .bursting grimns I sinolher.
And cull on Heaven and thee to nerve me now.
Mary, look down! behold thy wretched brother,
Aud bless the vow!
Sister, my soul its last farewell is taking,
Aud I lor this had thought it nerved to ni, h,
But every chord about mv heart seems breakingr.
And blinding tesrs shut out tt e glimmering sight.
One look one last King look to hill s nd meailow
Tothe old f'wit-brdgf and the murmuring mill.
And to thr chnreh yard sleeping in the shadow
Cease tears and let these fond eves look their fill!
One look and now farewell ye seenes that varv
Beneath the twil ght shades that mind me fl m-!
The charm that bound my wild heart here, was Mury;
And she lies lou !
A distinguished Financier in a Fix
A Washington correspondent of the Commercial
Advertiser narrates the following good joke, but
awfully unpleasant fact in connection with a gen
tleman who has passed for a great manager of the
public finances, though not so successful in his
The passage through the little stale of Mary
land, on the great route between the North and
South, has become more perilous to a certain
class of travelers than the terrors of Svlla and
(Jhar-bdis. Delaware still retains in her civil
code that most unpopular and unamiable feature,
imprisonment lor debt A few days since, Mr.
Walker, late Secretnr of the ireasury, was return
ing from a visiting tour to the North. He had last
been on a visit to the famous Pottsville coal region.
tie was accompanied oy his family. Un his arrival
at Wilmington he was arrested for a debt of $6,
000, and was threatened with actual imprisonment
in Casslelon Jail. His friends Capt Swift, President
of the Ohio Railroad Company, and the President,
of the Reading Railroad Company.who had accom-
pained him on his visit to the mines were inform
ed by telegraph of his situation and promptly had
an engine for a special train rot in readiness, with
which tuev proceeded to Wilmington from Phila
delphia, and had him released by giving bail.
A Nkw Defalcation. "Independent" writes
from Washington to the Phil-idelnhia North Am
erican that the Secretary of the Navy has dismis
sed Purser Kennon, of Virginia, from the service.
for boinp; a delaulter. His deficit is stated at $10,-
000, which has been placed in the hands of the
solicitor of the Treasury, in order that action mav
be instituted against the principal and his sureties
As yet no appointment has been made to till the
A Royal Argument Fredrick the Great was
very fond of disputation ; but as he generally ter
minate the discussion bv collaring his antagonist
and kicking him, few of his guests were disposed to
enter the arena against him. One dav when he
was even more than usually disposed for an argu
ment, he asked one of his suite why he did not
venture to express his opinion on some particular,
question. "It is impossible, your majesty," to ex
press an opinion before a sovereign who has such
very strong convictions and who wears such thick
Tuhki8h. Ahmed Pacha, in proceeding from
Egypt, on a mission to Constantinople, took with
him a number of harems, numbering over 100
The Mexican war, and the defalcations of the
Denby's and other Polk officers, together with the
blunder of R, J. Walker, Mr. Polk's Sec'y of Trea
sury, leaves a deficit of about $20,000,000 to meet
the demands made by them on the Treasury.
EST Young gentlemen who would succeed in
love should woo eentlv. It is not fashionable for
young ladies to take ardent spirits.
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, DECEMBER 22, 1849.
Letter from California.
By the kindness" of Mi's. Sharp, we are permit
ted to make some extracts from a letter received
from lier husband, which, we doubt not will be in-
teresting and gratifying to his numerous friends
and acquaintances ;""it is dated
Sacramento City, California, )
""October 17, 1849. )
My health is quite good, with
the exception of slight attacks of rheumatism.
Since I last wrote, Rob't II. Caldwell has had the
prevailing diarrhoea of the country, but is now well
again. There is a good deal of this complaint in
this country and always will be to new-comers, for
they nearly all have to live on salt meat until they Lhy thousands of bushels, but in the place of iw
reach here, and then all go in for fresh meat, this, rfhousands of gold dust, which is readily taken for
together with the mineral waters brings on the di
arrkea, but it is seldom dangerous, if attended to
in season. The boys the Lower Sandusky boys,
were down from the mines last week, they have ail
done well for new-beginners. We see some of our
acquaintances almost every day. Dr. Anderson
and son, of Maumee city, arrived here a few days
since; the Doctor reached this place on nn ox-cart,
the sorry remains of two splendid teams with which
he started. R. H. Pinney, (the Texian lawyer who
once figured in Lower Sandusky,) Hiram Kelley,
(tinner,) Lewis Green, Peter Hershejv and quite a
number from Sandusky city all well. Eight out
of ten of the people here are from the States, and
every thing goes on smoothly.
There was considerable excitement here yester
day; we had an election to see if the people were
willing to have' a corporation and town council, or
not The gamblers and liquor sellers rose up en
masse against the measure, knowing if it should
prevail, they would be taxed. But their endeav
ors were all fruitless, the measure was carried by
a large majority. So order must prevail. To talk
of rabble and cut-throats why, this place is as or
derly as Lower Sandusky, either on the Sabbath or
a week day. The fact is, the Yankees brought
their steady habits along with them.
I have just returned from a visit to Sutter's Port ;
the place is in quite a dilapidated state ; many of the
outside walls having fallen down. They are built
of what we here call dohys, being brick 18 inches
long, 5 inches in thickness and 10 in width, made of
mud and dried in the sun ; this is what constitutes
a Mexican hiacendia. The Fort has now two hos
pitals kept in it, which look very neat and com
fortable. The emigration still pours in by land and water.
Sacramento numbers about 4,000 men and 12 la
dies! This is California the land of song, "gold
dreams and diamond bovs." As for the diamonds,
I have seen none of them, but gold dust is as
plenty here as paper money in the States and ten
times more so, for the meanest kind of men have
their pockets full of it. I have seen many who have
made themselves rich in a few days, though these
are rare ; many that were not used to work at home,
when they come to dig in the mines, if they do not
make themselves rich the first or second day, get
discouraged, leave the mines, curse the country
and go home; fully one-half are Of this stamp, and
many more gamble it away as fast as they get it
The fact of it is, people here set no more value on
a dollar than the people there do on a six-pence,
as it is as easily earned as a six-pence is there.
For instance, an old miner who had made some
$70,000 in the mines, wished me to make a ram
rod for his ride, when it was finished, he counted
me down eighteen Mexican dollars; my price was
but two dollars.
I suppose there is as much gold in these moun
tains as has been represented ; but that which is
got now and is to be got hereafter, will take twice
the labor that was required the last year. It is
the most laborious kind of work, but it creates, a
kind of excitement which enables them to do much
more than they would at any other kind of labor.
They have to dig through gravel and rocks from
one to three feet, and frequently have to throw out
heavy rocks to reach the metal, and then after hav
ing opened their lead, and are digging from 50 to
$100 per da', in a week it may entirely fail, and
they have to hunt another spot. Rut sometimes
they may make a fortune out of one hole ; so -ou
see it is quite uncertaiu and requires a great deal of
perseverence ; m tact, it is any thing but pleasant
business. Men not accustomed to work have no
business here ; but any man who has his health,
and is willing to work at any thing can make mon
The rainy season will soon be on us. What ef
fect this will have upon the business in town I can
not tell. The minei's generally, intend to winter
in the mountains, and are taking up a sufficient
supply of provisions and other necessaries. Sev
eral small stores have been removed from the city
into the mountains, for when the rainy season com
mences the roads become impassable, so there will
be little or no communication between the city and
the mines. There has an immense quantity of
goods arrived from the States. About fifty large
vessels are lying in the harbor which will have to
winter there. These will be used as store-ships
and boarding-places. A number of slaves have
been brought to this country by their masters, but
on their arrival, they went to work for themselves,
and left their masters to do the same as this is
the land of 'free-trade and equal rights.' . The peo
ple in the States need have no fear that shivery will
be planted here. I know of some negroes who get
their $250 per month, as cooks in our boarding
houses. Rjb't H. Caldwell, Wm. Pettibone and myself
have purchased a black-smith shop; Caldwell works
at black-smithing, I as wagon-maker and house
carpenter, and Pettibone is now at the mines. We
board ourselves, it costing about $1 25 per day.
We have No. 1 mackerel for breakfast, 25c per lb.
beef-steaks for dinner and supper at 25c per lb.
buy nil our bread at the baker's at 50c per loaf.
If a man sharpens his axe on our grind-stone, we
charge him 50c, this keeps us in pics at 50c each.
Somclimes we have butter at $1 per pound, cheese
the same, good molasses at $1 50 per gallon, these
articles together with pickles, constitute our usual
uiu ui iai e. oorae lrisn ana sweet potatoes ana
plenty of onions, each $1 per pound. Our bes"t
flour comes from Oregon and South America. i
Beef cattle are plenty, but the miners use salt pro- '
visions, and have no fresh only as they kill an elk, j
deer, or grizzly bear, which is rather a risky busi-
ness. 1 he miners all p-et transformed into Indians, !
in their looks, manner of living and habits. I shall
not go up to the mines, but stay in the city. The
average yield of the miners does , not exceed
12 to $15 per day. It has now become a median-,
ical operation. I suppose there is now more goods
sold here in one day than is sold in Lower Sandus
ky in a week. It is true wheat docs not come in
currency, and on winch a man may sleep safely at
$ltf per ounce. There is ten times the amount of
silver here that you have there, and the quantity of
ten and five cent pieces is almost innumerable.
I have heard of the ravages of the cholera at San
dusky city. John M. Smith left for the mines a day
or two since, with as much beard as ever a Dunk-
ard wore, and fat as a bear. -
Give my best respects to all enquiring friends.
Tfac true Object of Life.
The following beautiful extract is taken from a
lecture on Leisure its Uses and Abuses, foond in
the new volums of orations and discourses by the
Rev. Bethune, spoken of a few days since:
Commerce or any pursuit which is usually cal
led business, is unworthy of being considered the
proper occupation of life. It is only necessary to
provide or to procure the means of living.- Ihe
time devoted to it should be considered' as a tax
upon our immortal being, laid upon us by the neces
sitios of that curse which sin brought with it into
our world. If so, the leisure which the necessities
of business allow' becomes incalculably more pre
cious, as being theonly season when we can devote
ourselves mainly and exclusively to the great end
of our being. For though there is no honest pur
suit of life in which we may not serve God and our
fellow men, no man is htted for the practice of vir
tue merely by practice; he must, in hours of rest,
study its theory, contemplate its ends, and wisely
gird himself for the toil.
If there be one here, (though I arri sure there is
not) who has no higher ambition than to be a mere
man of business, a mere slave of men's bodily
necessities, a mere idolator of his own purse ; to
have his life but a thing of cotton bags and tobacco
hogsheadsj druggets and dowlasses, madder and
fustic town lots, bank stocks, and exchanges, his
mind like the advertising side of a daily gazzete,
or the weekly Price Current; the sum of his life,
the balance sheet of his ledger; and who estimates
his worth by the dullars and cents which remain
to his credit, who would choose for his immortality
one eternal Wall street, and give up a crown of
glory to be called the best man upon "change"
if there be such an one, he may despise those mo
ments of leisure which business spares, waste them
in sinful sleep, lounge them away in rapid amuse
ments, dawdle over ephemeral niagizines, or news
paper reports of police causes and shocking acci
dents squable in the low arena of party politics,
exhaust his breath in blowing np every bubble of
popular excitement.lisp idle gallantries in ladies ears
who in their soul despise such emptiness, and but
tolerate the fool as they do a pet dog or a parrot
tor want ol better company : or perhaps do worse,
in vulgar debaucheries. He may despise leisure
and so waste it, but he must take the consequence
in this world and the next. A mere merchant! a
mere man of business ! Who would be content with
such a disignation? what respect can one feel for
such a character '? All he gets from the world is the
credit of being worth So Much dross, a little fawn
ing servility from those who wish to borrow of him
or owe him already, or the wondering calculation
of how much his heirs will divide amongthem when
he leaves his wealth behind him with his rotting
body. Were I such a man, I would wish my
name to die with me, and would ask neither mar
ble nor granite, nor the venal page, to preserve
the memory of my sordid selfishness. Let it perish
like the thistle cut down by the mower's scythe, or
the dry mullen that decays on the barren hill side.
But there is a true grandeur, which though we
cannot reach, we must admire and may emulate,
in him who devotes the energies of a well stored
mind to the pursuit of commerce, that the fruits
of noble enterprize may enable him to follow the
bent of his disposition in the spread of knowledge,
and the liberalities of a wide philanthropy; who
can shake olf the meaner jealousies of trade with
the dust' of his warehouse; who leaves behind him
the idolatries of covetousness well pleased to enter
the populous solitude o! his library and hold com
munion with the mighty dead, to join the social
circle and brighten the glow of cheerful but ration
al converse by the warmth of his own intelligence
or to mingle with the evening crowd who meet to
devise and prosecute new plans tor doing good to
his countrymen and the world; whose walls are
adorned with works ot native art. acquired by a
price which has cheered the child of genius in his
lone enthusiasm ; at whose table and hearthstone the
scholar and the man of sience is a welcome and de
lighted guest, and whom religion claims as her
consistent and beneficent follower. Like a noble
tree, whose roots are struck deep in fruitful earth,
he stands in a gigantic strength, his higher arms
aspiring to heaven, while the poor, the sorrowful,
and the friendless, find shelter and food beneath
the shadow of his wide branches.
The correspondent of the Evening Post states,
that at the second meeting for consultation held by
the free soil men proper, they agreed upon a pledge
that the members elected upon pledges of entire
fidelity to the principle of opposition to the exten
sion of slavery under our constitution, will in no con
tingency support an7 man for Speaker of the House
who will not pledge himself to cordial and effect
ual co operation with them on this principle. The
pledge was subscribed by Preston King, David
Wiimot, Messrs Booth, of Connecticut, Durkee, of
Wisconsin, and Tuck, of New Hampshire, who by
previous party affinities are Democrats; by Messrs.
Allen, of Massachusetts, Giddingsand Root of Ohio,
John W. Howe, of Pennsylvania, and Sprague of
Michigan, whose sympathies and connections, prior
to the canvass which resulted in their election to
Congress, were Whigs,
O The poem which follows is said by a correspond
ent, to have been written by Charles Maokay, some time
editor of the Glasgow Argus, and to have appeaed in
little voibme called ." Voices from a Crowd." We re-
member reading it some years since, and being impress-
ed by the solemnity and beauty of the thought, but we had
forgotten the author's name. N. Y. Eve. Post,
Te'l me. v winded winrf.
That round my pathway roar, '
; Do ye not know some spot
i Where mortals weep no iuorc7
Some lone and pleaaant dell, -.
Some valley in the west, ; : . ,
Where free from toil and pain,
TI13 wearv soul tnav rest?
The loud wind softened to a whisper low, : -Aud
sighed for pity, as it answered " Jia "
Tell me, thou mighly deep,
Whose billuws round me play, '., - "
Know'at thou some favored spot, . . .t . . - -
Some island far away,
- ' Where weary man may find ' "; "
The bliss for which he sighs.
Where sorrow never livee, -And
friendship never dies?
The loud wave rolling in perpetu.il flow,.
Stopped for a while, and sighed to answer' No."
' And tliou, eerenet moon,
: That with such holv fuse
Doth look upon the earth.
Asleep in uiglii's embrace.
Tell me, in all tliy rouud
' Hast thou not seen some spot,
Where miserable man
Might mid a happier lot?
Behind a cloud the moon withdrew in woe, :
And a voice sweet, but sad, responded Nu."
Tell me, my secret soul.
Oh! tell me, Hope and Faith,
Ja there uo resting place,
Frvm sorrow, sin and death:
la there no happy spot.
Where mortal mav be blessed,
. Where grief may find a halm,
And weariness a real?
Faith, (lope and Love best boons to mortals given.
Waved their hnglit wings and whispered Yes!
The Circassian Slave Trade.
The Turkish slave dealers seldom bring arms to
the Caucasus, or if they do, mere of the ornamental
kind ; and powder also they bring only in small
quantities, as presents for the princes and nobles.
The Circassians are not usually willing to trade by
barter for their beauties, preferring to receive their
price in hard cash ; and they do not appear to find
any difficulty in obtaining gun-powder, even from
the Cossacks on the Kuban, &c . In most instan
ces only the daughters of slaves, or of freed men,
are sold, but even noblemen may occasionally be
induced to part with their daughters or sisters for
bright piasters ; and the girls themselves, to whom
from their infancy the ease and splendor of the life
they are to lead in the Turkish harems has been
painted in glowing colors, generally leave without
much hesitation their rude mountains and unnatu
ral parents. Each vessel carries from thirty to for
ty girls, crammed like herring m a barrel; but
submit with great resignation to the sufferings of
the voyage, soon to be exhausted tor the joy ot the
magnificent city of the Sultan.
It is calculated that out ot six slave snips live al
ways reach their destination. During the winter,
from 1843 to 1844, twenty-eight ships sailed from
the Caucassian coast, and twenty-three arrived safe
with their cargoes, three having been burnt by the
Russians', and two with their hit, living freight,
swallowed by the Sea. A Turkish sea captain in
Europe related to me appropos of these slave
ships the following anecdote : A few years ago
one of them sprung aleak out at sea, just at the
moment when a Kussiatt steamer was passing at
some distance. The Turkish slave dealer preferr
ing even the air ot Siberia to drowning, made a
signal of distress, and the steamer came along side,
by whose assistance only the crew and passengers
could be saved from inevitable destruction. But so
deeply rooted in the Circassian heart is haired to
the Russian that the blood of these girls rose at
t he thought ot becoming the property ot a despised
Russian soldier, instead of sharing the couch of a
magnificent Turkish Pacha. They raised a mourn'
ful cry as the vessel approached, and sprang des
perately into the sea, while others plunged their
knives into their hearts. The greater number of
them, however, were earn d on board the steamer,
whence they were transported to the Cossacks and
distributed among the Cossocks of the line.
I m3'self once made the passage from Trebisond
to Constantinople with a dozen of these Circassian
girls, as deck passengers. They were mostly mere
children of twelve or thirteen, very pale and thin,
but witn nne ana interesting countenances, ana a
certain wild fire in their black eyes. Two only
were carefully veiled, and their figures displayed
more roundness of outline; they might be 18 or 20
years of age ; and to these the slave dealers paid
much attention, and frequently brought them cof
fee, of which the others got none. On my making
some inquiries concerning them, he mrormed me
they were the daughters of a nobleman; had fine
rosy cheeks, and were much fatter than the rest,
so that they would fech a much higher price in
Staroboul than the others. For these beauties he
hoped to obtain as much as 30,000 piasters; of the
others he spoke with great contempt, and said he
should be glad to get sixteen guineas apiece for
them. This I urkish slave dealer was richly dres
sed in silks and furs, and in spite of his detestable
trade was a man of pleasing manners. He inform
ed me that since the Russian occupation of the Cir
cassian coast, his business had become more diffi
cult and perrilous, but far more profitable. For
merly, when Greek and Armenian women were
brought to the Constantinople market, one might
get a beautiful girl as low as 10,000 piasters, whilst
at present, a well fed, rosv-cheekea damsel, from
Gouriel or Adschara would stand one in as much
as forty thousand.
Wagner's Caucasus, 1843 and 1848.
0 : .
The Liverpool European Times expresses the
following opinion upon the intention and instruc
tions of the new English Minister:
Sir Henry Bulwer, we apprehend, will be em
powered to settle the misunderstanding on any
that may appear the best calculated to carry out
thg junction of the two oceans a sheme which
will require groat energy and an enormous out
lay. The projectors of such an undertaking are en
titled to receive from every civilized government
all the aid and assistance which can be legitimately
given, and this, we are sure, Sir Henry is prepared
on behalf of this couatrv to extend, irresriective of
' all rival claim?.
Remarks cf Mr; Bearer, !
A tii Stnatt Dec 8, lslflr on ih$ fJlovivy rtK-.
lutions, submitted try him to that body: :
Whereas, Wm. F. Johnson, Esquire, claiming
seat in this Senate from Hamilton county, has, beH j
heard by the Senate, in its jrDici&t ct.THcrtr'x
A court, upon the merits of his claim; Asft'WHBRB-"
A3 the public interest imperatively demand that
th6 difficulties now obstructing the organization of
the Senate, should be removed at the earliest prac- .'
tiuable moment, therefore. r ' . -' '
Resolved, That immediately after Lewis Rroad
well, Esquire, claiming a seat in this Senate as Sen-4 .
ator from the first district of Hamilton county, shall
be heard by the Senate ' upon his claim, the Sen-,
ate will forthwith proceed, (neither the said John
son or Broadwell voting.) to rote upon the follow
ing propositions : ' " " " ' ' ' . ,
First That Wm. F. Johnson is entitled to a.
seat in this Senate." - - ;'-
Second That Lewis Broadwell is entitled to a
seat in this Senate, and the vote so given shall be
final in the premises. ' '"'"'
Mr. Chairman : -Tbe resolutions which-1 have
had the honor to send to the Chair, and which have
been read to " the senate, contemplate the speedy
and constitutional organization of this body.'
-, I remarked, on yesterday, causually, that if the-
organization had been attempted in the usual wity,
. .. t, .1 !
aouotless, Mr. Johnson wouia now oe in nis e
on the prima facie evidence of his certificnte, ; Not
by my vote, however, as may be seen from my re
port as Chairman of the Committee on Privileges
and elections. 1 there distinctly repudiate for m
self, the practice of permitting gentlemen, claiming
seats under manufactured, surreptitious, or false,
certificates, to take seats under such circumstances.
But 1 did believe, when I made that ' remark, taut
some gentlemen on this side of the Chamber would
have held the certificate of Mr. Johnson to be pri
ma facie evidence, of . election. I may have beets
mistaken. The extraordinary manner in which it
was attemed to proceed to the final organization,
however, may be, and in my judgment is.the cause
why that event has been delayed, since the man-
ner of the proceeding has, undoubtedly, merged the
prima facie claim into one 'on its merits. .'"'.'
M. Johnson is entitled now to his seat as a sena
tor, or he is not The prima facie case ii out f.f
the question. The correct principles on which just
representation is founded, has been applied in de
ciding the recent cases on this subject in American
legislation, and on their authority I rely to make
that point good. Some cases, to which I shall re
fer during the discussion, have been decided upon.
Whig authority, and some by Democratic authori
ty, the cases themselves are based upon the pure
basis of reason, and consequently upon undoubted
law. "". ' - . . . . ...
The plans of organization announced from the
other side of this chamber, denied to the majority
of the Senators elected the right to participate in
the organization. Against the tyranny implied in
the manner proposed, I steadily and on all occas
ions voted. I voted against your Honor taking
that chair, because vou had but nine voices, includ
ing your own, to sustain your pretentions. I couia
not object to you as a gentleman and Senator, for
I grant your claim was as good as that of any oth
er individual. But I objected because the Senate
was attempted to be called to order by less than
majority; expressly excluding the rest of the Sen
ators from a participation, and because there were
but one third of a Constitutional quorum who were
willing that you should occupy that seat as chair
man. ; ' -'..
THere Mr. B. was called to ordeJ there beine
no question before the Senate V; . . ','!'
Mr. Wilson Senator from Seneca, then rose and
offered a resolution that the Senate, now proceed to
the election of a speaker, Clerk and &ergcant-at-arms-
" " ' -'
Mr. B. was about to resume his Vcmarls,' w&en
Mr. Whitman asked him to take; his seat. f
Mr. B. said he did not recognize the right of the
Senator from Fairfield to order lilrti to his" seat.
Let the Chairman, 6aid Mr. B4 take that order up
oh himself, and he would show his order abiding
principles by complying with the order of the Chair,
The Chair said Mr. B. Was out of order, as the res
olutions offered by him were said ..to be out of or
der. . . ... .'. : :
Mr. Whitman said, the Senator from Trumbull
will now take his seat. . ... - . , C
Mr. Beaver lesumed hts remarks, snyingj the
Chairman being a friend to free speech, and un
willing to gag, had not made this order suggested
by the senator from Fairfield; . -
The Chair. The question is bri the resolution;
offered by the Senator from Seneca, , . . '. ".
The resolutions offered by me this morning, said
Mr. Beaver will find their way to the country, and
I am Content to abide the. public judgment which
will be placed upon them. But here it will be "my
effort to show that my resolutions lo look to the
speedy and proper organization of the Senate. .
When interrupted, I was about to- proceed to
show to the Senate the ground upon which I aver
red the prima facie evidence of right claimed by
Mr. Johnson was merged into a case upon its mer
its. Mr. Johnson's competitor, (Mr. Broadwell.)
presented to the Chair the record of the election
in Hamilton county, which was read by the Clerk.
Mr Johnson then presented the legal evidence of
the same record, which was not read, since it was
stated by Mr. Johnson to be identical with the rec
ord or abstract presented by Mr, Broadwell; thus
the whole question was before the Senate.
Now, Mr. Chairman, if we were determined to
shut our eyes to the truth, even then we could not
help but see and know, after reading the retord,
that the certificate presented by Mr. Johnson was
untrtie. It was conclusively contradicted Jby Mr.
Johnsons own showing,' And if 51ft Johnson had
presented his record and certificate together, tho
result, in truth, would have been the same.-. : -.
Mr. Johnson. Will the senator alldw me to ask
him a question. Is not the Constitution a law ?
Mr. Beaver resumed. I acknowledge the Con
stitution to be the supreme law, and I plant myself
and the opposition I 6hall make to the gentleman's
taking his seat here, expressly apon that supreme
law. ' N ,
I might here ask the Senator from Cuyhoga
whether it was by "concert" with tiietnbers on the
other side of the chamber, that he failed to assert
his right and duty, to assist in the organization.
Whether deferring to take the Constitutional oath
of office on his part, should prevent me'rom taking
judical notice, as a Sworn Senator, that the certifi
cate of Mr. Johnson did not only correspond with
the law, but its allegation that that gentleman was
"duly elected a Senator," was falsified and untrue 1
The Senator from Cuyhoga, in his speech be
fore the Senate, insinuated "concert" to this side of
the Chamber. May I not now avail myself of a
rule laid down by himself, and ask him why he wa
willing to stand by and see this pretended organ
ization go qn. Was that the work of "conoert ?" r
Was it because he could, if once sworn to discharge
his dutv, be compelled to take judicial notice of the
falsity of the certificate ? It is tru?, the gentle
man labored to reconcile the conduct of Clerk Roll
with the hw. Let me read Mr. Chtvnnan the cer