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SOXS OP TEMPEBASCE.
7s? staMsion Ilivisinn. ft". 43i2 Sta-
HmA niiiiira. rn Tuesday eveiiine at the Division
IRoom in the old Northern Exchange.
CADETS OP TEMPERANCE.
Fort Stevenson Section, No, 14 meets
sveryTharsdayevening in the Hall of the Sons of Tem
perance. " "
I. O. O. P.
rroshnn Lodjre, No. 11, meets at the Odd
Fellows Hill, in Morehouse's building, every Saturday
ROBERTS, HUBBARD & CO.,
V MAKOTACTUB.KKS OF
Copper Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware,
" AND DBALKHS III
tovc. Wool. Hides, Slieep-pelts, Ba gs
f , .
Old Copper. Old Stoves, &c, &c. Also,
ALL SORTS OF GENUINE YANKEE NOTIONS
Pease's Brick Block; No. 1.
Fremont, Sandusky Co. Ohio.
. c.n. aic culloch.
' DEALER IS
ORTJGS. MEDICINES. PAINTS, DYESTtFFS.
BOOKS. STATIONARY, &c.
F RE MO XT, OHIO.
ItALPH P. BlICKLAND,
A TTORNF.Y and Counsellor at law and Solicitor
in Chaneery, will attend to professional business in
O Omen Second story of Tyler's Block.
- JOHN Ii. GIIEENE, .
ATTORNEY AT LAW and Prosecuting Attorney
for Samluskv county, Ohio, will attend to all pro
fessional business entrusted to bis care, with promptness
BjT Office -at the Conrt Honse. .
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY.
Office At the Court House.
Fremont, Sandusky Co. O. No 1.
B. J. BARTLETT,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
FRKMONT, BAKDU8KY, CO., O.,
M TILL give his undivided attention to professional
V V business in Sandusky and the adjoining counties.
Fremont. Feb. 27, 49. .
' PIERRE BEAUGRAND,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
RESPECTFULLY tenders hisprofessionnlservices
to the citizens of Fremont, and vicinity.
Of-fick One door south of McCulloch's Drag store.
LA Q. RAWSON,
PHYSICIAN AND SCUOEON,
FREMONT. SANDUSKY CO., O.
May 26, 1849. 14
Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
JR. P. nVCIM,..Yt, lgeHt,
FREMONT, SANDUSKY CO., OHIO.
' BELL &. SHEETS,
Ihtfniciuna atirt Surgeon,
FREMONl, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO.
OFFICE Second Story of Knapp't Building.
Julv 7, 1K49. 21
- Post-Office Honrs.
THE regular Post-Office hours, until further notice,
will be as follows:
From 7 to 12 A. M. and from I to 8 P. M.
Sundays from 8 to 9 A. M. and from 4 to 5 P. M.
' " W.M. STARK, P.M.
Sew and .Fashionable
Boot ei ml Shoe Shop.
fJHE undersigned, has opened a BOOT and SHOE
I shop en .
Main street, two doors north of the Post Office,
in Lower Sandusky, and is now mnnnfactnrine to ordih
every thing in the above line with neatness and despatch
His materials are of the best quality, his workmen are ex
nerienced, and all work is war.aktkd.
He intends to supply this inarset with beautiful and
Men's, Boys', and Children's Boots Shoes and Brogans,
Cowhide and Kipskin, as well as pumps, slippers, &c
Also, Ladies' and Misses' slippers Buskins, Gaiters &c.,i
II dona up in Beat and fashionable style, and deli i
with promptness and despatch.. 'I he subscriber requests
liberal share of the public patronage, and is determined
to merit the same.
June 23, ' 19. ' I8:6m
DRS. SHEETS & BELL,
HAVING entered into a partnership in the Drag Store
owned by Dr. Sheets, in Trier's Building, where
hey now offer a full assortment of
. Drugs, Medicines, Dye Stuffs, Oils, Paints,
and a great variety of fancy articles, such as cologne,
hair oil, indelible ink, pen-Knives, combs, bruBhesof all
kinds, with a full assortment of - - ,
for every disease that afflicts mankind; which we offer
at very low psices for Cash, Beeswax. Ginseng, Sassafras
Barz from the root and f aper flags. Low frices, aud
- Ready Pay in something,
(soar motto forever. " SHEETS & BELL.
Fremont. July 14, 1849. " 21
ESPECLFULLT announces thst he continues his
IV business in the second stoty ef Knapp's building
opposite Burger's eld stand, where he will be happy to
wait on his old customers and all who need any thing in
bis line. If yon want your garments made npaioHT, and
alter tne Latest f ashion call on MiA w llu
N. B. Particularattention paid to Cutting and warrant
ad to fit if properly made op, . . April 28, '49.
IP o e t r 22 .
THE CASTIiES .WE BUIIiT IN Allt.
BY FRANCIS BROWN.
There were builders strong on the earth of old,
To-dsy there are planners rare.
But never was temple, home, nor hold
Like the castles we huilt in air.
We piled them hie" through the long lone hour
By a chill hearth's flickering brands.
Though the la-Hights heavy with wintery shower
That found ns in stranger lands.
The store was small and the friends were few
We owned in those boildine days;
But llately and fair the fabrics grew
That no gold of earth could mite:
For time was conqur'd and fortune moved
Our wishes were builders there,
And oh! but there gathered guests bo'oved
To the castles we built in air.
No place was left for the bonds and fears,
For the lore so sagely small,
Ol ill s painiuc world ilnTt wears our years
Away iu its thankless thrall.
Once more we stood in the lights that crossed
Our souls on their morning track;
And oh! that we had not loved or lost
But ever the dream comes back!
It was joy to panse ly the pleasant homes
That our wandering etepa have passed,
Tet weary locks through the woodbine blooms
Or the wreathing vines were cast.
But there fell no age and there rose no strife
And there never was room for care.
Where grew the flowers of our dreaming life
By the homes that we build in air.
Oh! da k and lone have the bright hearths grown,
Where our fond and gajy hearts met;
For many have chanced, and some are gone.
But we build the Withe homes yet;
As men have built in tin date tree's shade,
Ere Egypt raised her fanes,
Ere a star was named, or a brick was laid.
On the old Chaldea's plains.
Even thus have they framed their towers of thought,
As the aees came and went,
From the fisher boy in his Shethland boat.
To the Tarter in his tent.
And some that beyond our azure say
There are realms for hope and prayer,
Hnve deemed them but lingerings by the way,
Thesecasths we build iu air.
ill iacella neons.
Wandering of the Mind in Death.
Dr. Armstrong died delivering medical pre
cepts; .Napoleon fought some battle oer again,
and the last words he rauttured were tete d'armes ;
Lord Tenterden, who passed straight from the
judgement seat to his death-bed, fancied himself
still presiding at trial, and expired with 'Gentle
man of the jury, you will consider your verdict
Dr. Adam, author of the 'Roman Antiquities' im
agined himself in school, distributing; praise and
censure among his pupils : 'But it is growing dark,
he said, 'the boys may dismiss and instantly died.
The physician, soldier, judge, schoolmaster, each
had their thoughts on their several professions, and
believed themselves engaged in the business of life,
when life itself was issuing out through their lips.
Whether such words are always an evidence of inter
nal consciousness may admit of a doubt The mind is
capable of pursuing a beaten track without attend
ing to its own operations.and the least impulse will
set it going when every other power has fled. De
Lagny was asked the square ot twelve when he
was unable to recognize his friends about his bed,
and meohanicallv ansewred 'one hundred and forty-
four.' Repetitions of poetry are frequent in this
condition, and there is usually a want of coherence
and intonation which appears to indicate a want of
intelligence, and leaves the conviction expressed
by Dr. Symonds, that the understanding is passive.
But upon many occasions it is perfectly obvious
that the language of the lips is suggested by the
mental dream. The idea of Doctor Adam, that
it was growing dark, evidently arose from the fad
ing away of the vision, as the thick darkness of
death clouded his mind and clouded his preception.
The following exceedingly beautiful obituary
notice we clip from the Clinton Republican. We
have seen nothing 6ner.
DIED At Harveysburgh, on the evening of
the 5th instant, Arthur, infant son of Horace and
High up the mountain slopes of Chamouny
there is a beautiful plain, covered with verdure and
flowers. Thither the Shepherds of the Alps drive
their flocks to partake of the rich pasturage aud
breath the pure mountain air. The ascent is diffi
cult over icebergs and torrents. At one point the
rocks rise almost perpendiculai when the flock
arrives at this point, none appears bold enough to
venture but the shepherds gather the lambs in
their arms and toss them up on the plain the
whole flock clambers after them and soon is feed
ing upon the rich herbage or ruminating beneath
the "rose trees of the Alps." Bereaved parent
the Lamb of your love has been carried up, and
beckons you to follow, where are flowers sweeter
than those of toe Alps, and air and sunshine pur
er and brighter than is found upon Chamouny; it
is the greenwood of Love in the Spirit Land.
u. vv. a.
The Bloom of Age.
A good woman never grows old. Years may
pass over her head, but if benevolence and virtue
dwell in her heart, she is cheerful as when the
spring of life first opened to view. When we look
upon a good woman we never think of her age, she
looks as charming as when the rose of youth first
bloomed upon her cheek. I he rose has not faded
yet It will never fade. In her family she is their
life and delight In her neighborhood she is the
friend and benefactor. In the church she is the de
vout worshiper and the exemplary christian. Who
does not respect and love the woman who has pass
ed her days in acts of kindness and mercy, who
has been a friend of man and God, whose whole
life has been a scene of kindness and love, a devo
tee to truth and religion. We repeat, such a wo
man cannot grow old. She will always be fresh
and buoyant in spirits, and active in humble deeds
ef mercy and benevolence. If the young lady de
sires to retain the bloom and beauty of youth let
her love truth and virtue, and to the close of life
she will retain those feelings which now make life
appear a life of sweets, ever fresh and ever new.
Miss Fredericks Bremer is now in Hartford, the
guest of Mrs. Sigourney, the poetess.
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, DECEMBER 1849.
From Scott's Weekly.
JOHN 8IIEPPAHD.-A Sketch.
BY A PHILADELPHIA PHTSICIAK.
" Honor and shame from no condition rise;
Act well your part, there, all true honor lies."
The usual diminutive, ragged piece of paper was
put into my hands directing me to see a patient
back of No. , 13th street, for the Dispensary. 1
hastened off, and after a considerable search, in a
severe storm, I found up a narrow alley, a small, di
lapidated, frame-house, whose door as it scraped
the floor in opening, admitted me into a small, dark
room, which poverty seemed to have marked for
her own special residence. The, broken panes of
glass had been but ill-supplied by old newspapers
pasted over the sash, and old clothes, or an old hat,
to keep out the cold, damp air. These also kept
out the light; and it was with difficulty that I could
recognize a lone couch in the furthermost corner ot
the room, on which lay a sick man. The woman
who greeted me, on my entrance, was tall, with a
long face, dark eyes and hair; her voice was firm,
and her manner cool and self-possessed, though ev
ident in the deepest poverty and sorrow. She in
troduced me, as soon as my eyes adapted them
selves to the diminished light of the room, ' the
Doctor,' to the invalid, whom she termed Pappy.'
She told me he had long suffered from a severe
cough, and spit up a great deal of matter, was very
weak, had just had one of his turns of spitting
blood, dec. I spoke to the poor man, and he ex
tended his hand, which was thin, long and bony, the
nails curving over the ends of the fingers, as they
do sometimes iu that terrible disease, the con
sumption. His eye brightened up when he addressed me,
and spoke ot a slight cough with which he was
troubled. If I could but relieve that, and the bleed
ing from the lungs, he would soon be well. He had
been long subject to a cough did not a first mind
it much but now, it was rather worse than usual.
A fine, broad forehead, surmounted by a few strag
gling hairs, a bright eye, a face where were the
traces of protracted disease and pain, both mental
and bodily, and a wasted form of about fifty win
ters, and we may see the patient
I soon discovered that the hopes of my poor pa
tient for lite or even the return of health were
doomed to disappointment The sound of the breath
as it entered the decaying lungs, showed too clearly
that the hand of death was near. H,re 1 had fin
ished my examination of the case, my manner per
haps indicating the though .s which passed through
my mind, I heard a low sob, which appeared to
come from the furthermost corner of the room,
turned suddenly, not until now, conscious, of anoth
er person being near, and peering into the dark
ness I saw a poor boy, apparently about 1 3 years
old, whose head was bent upon his breast and his
body drawn up, in the attitude of extreme sorrow.
The mother, whose calm voice had assured me of a
noble, self-possessed woman, though poor and un
known I now observed turned away her head and
brushed away a tear, which fell unbidden down her
care-worn cheek, bhe evidently saw that the hus
band of her youth must die, and that the lon$
struggle with disease and poverty, would, to him,
soon be over. She quietly heard my directions for
the administering of palliating remedies, and prom
ised to attend to them.
The boy raised his head as I left the room, and
cast a glance of gratitude to the Dispensary Doctor,
who had come through the rain and storm to see
his poor father.
In a few days I called again, when I found my
patient improved and cheerful, but weak and debil
itated. The son sat by the dismal window, and was
pouring over some old books, which he had, the
mother informed me, borrowed from a friend. The
quiet, almost stoic contour of the boy's face, which
resembled that of the mother more than that of the
father, struck me as peculiarly short-sighted ; he
had to keep his book within a few inches of his
eyes to read it I could see, however, that he j
kept them upon me, as I proceeded to address
some words of comfort to the mother, whom I found
more moved, externally, than at previous visits.
My visits continued there until the old man died.
The good mother, was anxious to know whether the
disease was likely to be transmitted to her darling
and only son, requested an examination of the body ;
her wish was complied with.
Years passed on perhaps six and I received a
message to visit the same lone, and retired dwell
ing. This time I found the mother ill, and several
weeks passed away ere I could reduce the disease.
I did not this time see the boy; but the mother,
with a quiet smile of joy, told me that her son was
studying law. I said nothing well I knew the
difficulties attending the acquisitions of one of the
learned professions without means, and they were
poor indeed. It seems that the son, instead of fol
ing the trade of his father, which was that of a hat
ter, turned bis attention to law and his studious
habits well fitted him for the undertaking.
After this I was not unfrequently called to pre
scribe for the widow and her quiet but intelligent
son. They stil remained in the poor frame, but his
office was in a conspicuous part of the city.
Reader, the last time I was called to prescribe
for this lone widow and her persevering son, I found
them occupying a new three-story brick house,
lighted up with gas, new mahogany furniture the
house his own and the mother's face smoothed
of half the wrinkles which it bore some ten years
That son is now one of the most influential edi
tors and writers in Philadelphia! The mother's
firmness and mental strength have been transmit
ted to her poor boy ; and in our land of free institu
tions this boy is gradually, but surely working his
way to wealth, honor and renown.
Oh, what do we owe to a mother? What does
America daily owe to the poor widows of our land ?
The firstyearof a poor young man's life may be
rugged, and be may think it hard that be has to
support a mother. But let me t"U him, that that
mother is his fortune ; and here, above all other
countries under the sun, is a young man sure of
ultimate success, if he but follow the teachings of a
John Sheppard has done this, and I predict for
him a life of honor and respectability.
He is yet a young man but the past of his life
ensures a good future.
Such, reader is the history of one half of the best
minds in the United States. Who shall say that
such people cannot govern themselves.
S&T Ah ha, said the farmer to his corn.
hoe! said the corn to the farmer
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Washington, Thursday, Dec. 13.
Mr. Brown, of Miss., offered the following reso
lution: Resolved, That Howell Cobb be elected Speak-
Mr. Brown said that the Democrats had a major
ity, and being in the majority, they should have the
Mr. Carter of Ohio, offered as an amendment,
that the Speaker elected shall be divested of the
power of appointing the District of Columbia and
Territorial Committees; that the said committees
be made by vote of the House. He (Mr. C.) con
demned the ridiculous attitude of the House, and
he proposed to remedy the difficulty in the resolu
tion. It was only by keeping up the subteranean
discord that the majority is crippled in its senti
Mr. Meade, of Va, conceived that neither of these
propositions could reach the evil existing. It was
the existence of the third party that caused the
trouble. If, on the organization, propositions were
to be introduced to abolish slavery in the District
of Columbia, or prohibit slavery in the territories,
he trusted in bod that his eyes had already rested
on the last speaker of this house. The south would
resist all aggressions, and the sinews of every man's
arm in that section would be steel.
Mr. Root was unwilling to vote by ballot, and to
be placed in a position where he could not show
how he voted, lie represented a hundred thou
sand people, and wanted to leave his mark. He
had heard the play of Hamlet, with the part of
Hamlet omitted, I his was pretty much the case
with the proposition of his colleague, (Mr. Carter,)
the play of Speaker, with the part of Speaker omit
ted. (Laughter.) If the house should elect a man
fit to be speaker, he is not fit to appoint the com
mittees 1 If this resolution should prevail, the same
old confusion would arise. The old deamon would
have his horns up, if the house should elect the
committees on the District of Columbia and the
territories. If it was intended for free soil demo
crats it would not operate. They won't face the
music He would not vote for any one who was
not competent to appoint these committees. It
looked suspicious on the other side to see them vote
for a man who was not competent to do so. Ihe
speech of the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr.Meade)
was like the one he sent to him in print, and which
had a sporific effect, and calculated to save the
Union. If there is to be a dissolution of the Union
let it come before the house is organized, or, as his
colleague said, while the house is in a disorganized
attitude. If it take place now, it would not be
binding. If the Union should be dissolved after a
bill shall have been passed to abolish slavery
the District of Columbia, there would be no help
for it Then would come the time when they
would have to fight lor the wite and the little ones,
over our household gods, and all other household
furniture. (Laughter.) If any northern man wish
ed to stultify himself by refusing to meet the quess-
tion, and thereby insulting the whole north, let him
prepare for martyrdom. The frgots are piled and
the fire ready ; and if he has as many children as
John Rogers, let him put on them their bunday
clothes, to see their father for the last time.
(Laughter.) If the democratic partv be in a ma
jority, why do they not unite their forces? lhey
came very near it yesterday, ihey kept on gam
mg as tar as thev went ; why didn t they continue
(Laughter.) Mr. Root ridiculed the proceedings
of yesterday. He said that he was not sufficiently
acquainted with Mr. Brown to express compassion
tor him. ihe battle was almost won. 1 he gen
tleman's eyes glared fiercer and fiercer. If that
man was not brought to a condition to be truste
with the slavery question, who could be ? (Ha !ha !
He said that he was a Union man, and when the
time came to dissolve it, he would ask himself the
question, on the part of his own state and the who!
northwest territory, as they furnish the water of
the Mississippi, how did it happen that it ran dow
that river tree?
Mr. Duer said that they had voted eight or nine
-s. No party was in the majority, and it was
certain that a speaker could not be elected only by
an arrangement between the two parties. The
proposition with this view failed yesterday; it fail
ed to-dav ; members were torced, theretore,
abandon the attempt to organize, or resort to the
only mode by which the speaker could be elected.
The gentleman from Miss., (Mr. Brown) called on
the whigs to make an unconditional surrender. -As
for himself, he would vote for any body but
disunionistto occupy that chair. (A voice: 'There
is no such person in the house. ) ile thought so.
(A member: 'Where is he?')
Mr. Duer pointed toward Mr. Meade, who was
standing in a crowd of gentlemen in the main aisle.
Mr. Meade was understood to say : "It you
charge me with being a disunionist, the assertion
Mr. Duer instantly retorted : "You are a liar."
Immediately Mr. Meade made an attempt to
reach Mr. Duer, but he was restrained by the in
terposition of gentlemen. The parties were not
more than four feet apart, when members rushed
between them. There were cries of "a fight" "a
fiirht," when the sergeant-at-arms hurried down,
with his mace of office in hand, and cries of "order,
"order," were raised. The members mounted to
the side-screen, when Mr. Meade beckoned to Mr.
Duer to follow him to the Rotunda. A boy cryin
out in the eralleries for a moment excited a fear
that the sound proceeded from one of the two mem
bers; but there was no personal collision. In
spectators on the floor and above looked on with
intense anxiety, and there was not a member
his seat. All was confusion. Motions were made
to adjourn, and in a few moments comparative qui
et was produced.
Mr. Duer begged pardon of the house for what
he had uttered, improperly at the time, and
would only appeal to every gentleman in the house,
and ask whether, in consequence ot the charge
made against him, he could do other than make
the answer he did. He had said that he believed
the gentleman to be a disunionist He had read
the words in his speech, that, if a certain state
things continued, which the gentleman said exist
ed. he loathed and detested the Union. There
was nothing personal in his (Mr. Duer's) remarks.
He had risen for the single purpose of not creat-
but allavincr excitement.
Mr. Duer, in conclusion, said that if the house
Oh should adjourn for a day, members of the two par
ties might be able to come to an unaersianamo;.
Mr. McLane rose to move to lay all the proposi
tions on the table; but, before doing so, wished
riefly to suggest that the house should proceed in
the attempt to affect an organization, by the elec
tion of a speaker to-day. He was astonished that
two gentlemen, individually so esteemed, and indi
idually so dignihed in their intercourse, should
come to such unpleasant - terms as we have just
seen, lie had voted tor an accomplished gentle
man from Ohio, (Mr. Potter) and he had voted for
the gentleman from Indiana, (Mr. Brown) consci
entiously and sincerely hoping his election. He
bad no unkind feelings towards him.
1 he reason why no organization had been effect-
d was the too great obstinacy shown in behalf of
Mr. loombs considered the reason why the
house had not been organized was, that it was rul
ed by sectional feelings. The gentleman from N.
ork, (Mr. Duer.) had told the house that he would
ote for a whig, for a democrat, for a free soiler;
but never for a disunionist Now, sir, said Mr. T.
ara not afraid to declare in the presence of tins
house, in the presence of the country, and in the
presence of my bod, that if the views and senti
ments entertained by that gentleman in relation
to slavery be carried into effect by the house, then
that disunion is at hand. (Applause.) They who
attempt these aggressions on the south were bring
ing that very disunion upon us, and the curses ot
Heaven would would fall with all their force, upon
those who were the causes of it' In the solemn
and sacred presence of my God I declare, that if
these views are carried out and persisted in, then
the Union is dissolved, f Applause.) And as loncr
as 1 have the physical strength, 1 will have the
moral courage, to stand here and prevent further
aggressions upon the rights of the south.
Mr. Duer rose to explain, but,
Mr. Toombs continued. He said that southern
ers had been charged with every crime in the cat
alogue, and taunted about the siu of domestic sla
very. He had been willing to sustain the Union
on sound principles. But to tell him that he should
not carry bis slaves into the territories, he would
ask the men of the south what they wanted with
organization ? (Applause from southern members.)
Thirty-five millions have drawn to be expended
there and not one dollar goes into the coffers of the
south. Without hesitation, Mr. Toombs remarked,
that he was in favor of disunion if this state of
things continued. Let the south alone. Only
then will there be peace to the country. And un
til that was done, he trusted that discord would
reign if forever.
Mr. Baker obtained the floor, but gave way to
Mr. Duer, who said he was anxious only to pro-'
duce an organization. He was ready to vote for a
whig or a democrat from any section of the coun
try, lie had yesterday voted for a whig trom the
extreme south, and was ready to do so again, pro
vided an organization could be had. He was not
governed by any sectional views.
A voice : Would you vote for the gentleman from
Georgia, who had just addressed the house?
Mr. Duer. I cannot well say. I do not think he
said he was in favor of disunion.
Mr. Baker. He said under certain contingen
Mr. Duer. The gentleman from Georgia did not
say he was in favor of disunion, except under cer
tain contingencies. 1 cannot well say whether 1
would vote for him or not I would vote for no man
to sit in that chair and preside over this house who
would be in favor of disunion.
A voice : Would you vote for a Wilmot Proviso
Mr. Duer. Oh, yes; I would vote for a Wilmot
Mr. Mr. Baker explained his views on this ques
tion, and would not have now risen except for the
purpose of setting himself right before his constit
uents. He had voted for the gentleman trom Mass.
(Mr. Winthrop) from the first, and would still vote
for him had he not declined being a candidate.
He was governed by no sectional views; on yester
dry, he had voted for a gentleman from Kentucky.
Yet, he was in favor of the Wilmot .Proviso. It
was a principle dear to him and to his constituents,
and to the whole northern people.
He denied that the people of the north, by hold
ing and advocating the principles of the Wilmot
Proviso, could be justly charged with being opposed
to the Union, or that they were advancing doc
trines which would lead to disunion. The people
of the north won't be frightened by them. The
majority of the people of this country are in favor
of free territories, and are opposed to the extension
of slavery, and the constitution of the country guar
antees to the majority of the people the right to
Mr. Hilliard protests against such doctrine, and
denied the correctness of any such interpretation
of the constitution.
Mr. Baker repeated that the majority of the peo
ple of this Union, through their representatives, had
the power, under the Constitution, to make all laws
for the Government of the territories, which were
the property of the whole Union. As regards the
threats of disunion, if the principles entertained by
the majority of the people were carrried out by
their Representatives in Congress, they amounted
Mr. Wallace. We'll teach you. v
Mr. Baker. How are you to teach us?
Mr. Wallace. Let Slavery be abolished in this
District, or the South excluded from the terri
tories, and we will show you that we mean what we
Mr. Baker still did not believe the Union would
be dissolved. Nor did the name of God to the
declaration induce him for a moment to believe
that the Union could be dissolved for such a cause.
Despite the solemn appeal to the name of God
made by the gentleman from Georgia, he did not
believe there was a man in the house who thought
in his heart, or his head that the ,hand would ev
er be raised with power sufficient to destroy this
Mr. Stephens of Ga. was sorry to say that he and
the people of the section of the country which he
represeted now considered the day when that com
pact was to be rended was near at hand. The ag
gressions which had been made upon the south
had met with forbearance, and still they were now
told that aggression was to go still further. He
would tell gentlemen, be not deceived. - We will
submit to aggression upon our rights no longen
He had heard the remarks of his Colleague, (Mr.
Tombs,) and every sentiment uttered by him met
with his hearty concurrence.'' Do gentlemen, by
uttering paeans to the Union, think it ran be pre-
served ? If so, they are mistaken. If the day of
the dissolution of the Union is at hand. It is as well
now as hereafter. V - ! V " t;
Mr Colcock had listened to the eentleman from
111. (Barker.) That gentleman had said the north
would not believe the south would dissolve the
Union. He felt a blush of shame that any one
should believe that the south' deserved such re
proach. He wished to say, in a few words let
this congress pass a bill to abolish-slavery' in the
District of Columbia, or pass the Wilmot Proviso,
and he pledged himself to introduce a resolution iq
these words : Resolved, That the Union be dis
solved. ' - , - -
.Mr. Baker. But we will pass one that it shall
not be dissolved. (Laughter.)
Mr. Colcook. Thus the south would show to
the gentlemen and to the north that we are in earn
est South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Miss
issippi are all ready to vote for it (A voice : And
Virginia.) " - .;
Mr. Allen was understood to say, that from the
remarks of the member, from Maryland, (Mr. Mo
Lane) in relation to the composition of the commit
tees, the free soilers could not expect to be heard
upon any committee if the member from Massa
chusetts (Mr. Winthrop) had been elected Speak-
er. They therefore were justified in not voting for
him. , - t ; -
Mr. Winthrop corrected the gentlemen in mat
ter of faci The committees on- Judiciary, District
of Columbia, and Territories were composed of five
whigs and four democrats. And owing to the
death of one - member, these committees stood in -fact
four to four. ' The gentleman from Maryland
was correct in stating that in the great committees)
of Ways and Means and others, six whig, to three
democrats had been placed. Mis predecessor, Mr.
Davis of Indiana, had set him a precedent, and be
did not know but such had been the rule since he
Mr. W. had been a member of the House, now
for ten years. . . , ,
Mr. Hilliard would tell Gentlemen calmly apd.
deliberately, that there never waa auch feeling on
this subject at the south as exists now. , f tell gen
tlemen, that if they pass the Wilmot proviso, the)
best friends of the Union must part . - It was as
part of his purpose to calculate the value of the
Union; that could not be conceived.. But once let
it be dissolved, and when and how can It be bound
together again ? He would say to gentlemen from
the north and south, that if the Wilmot proviso, be
passed by both houses of congress, then this Union
must be dissolved.
Mr. Conrad, of Louisiana, said that he had listen
ed with attention and some pain to the discussion
of to day. He regretted that it had taken plaoe.
In his opinion it was ill-timed, premature, and could
be productive of no good, but of much evil. r,He
would not be induced by his feelings to be drawn
into a premature discussion on the Wilmot proviso,
and therefore he wished, with Mr Duer, to adjourn
over for a day to deliberate.
Mr. Marshall of Kentucky, Tiad been astonished
to hear the dissolution of the Union agitated to day.
lie Mr. M. J claimed to be a friend of the Union,
and was in favor of a gentleman for speaker who
did not represent any extreme; and he trusted
that all distracting questions would be laid aside,
and that the members would apply themselves to
the public good. - ' '
From the Cincinnati Gazette. ' -
Homeward Bound A Ion? Journey. ,
A friend of ours, a few days ago, removed from
Covington, Ky., to this city, into his usual winter
quarters. During that day he was so engaged in
Counting-House matters, that he did not ever once
think, that at the same time his family were en
gaged in transfering "the household goods" from
the old to the new domciL Well, night drew
on, and he resolved to go to the Theatre, as a far
orite play of his was to be performed, and one he
had not seen lor several years. . , lie went but
omitted to go home to tea, thinking he could not
cross the river and he back in time. The play waa
not closed until late in the night, when our friend
rapidly repaired to the landing but not a ferry
boat was there they had stopped for the night.
He walked up and down the Levee for an hour or
so in search of somebody, to take him over the
river. At last he engaged two. steambotmen for
three dollars, to go in a yawL :
On arriving at the house in Covington, be found
it locked, nor would his night-key open it . He
then pulled the bell and pounded on tbe door for
a quarter of an hour, when a neighbor threw up
a window, and ascertaining who he -was, informed
our friend that his family tad removed over to
Cincinnati that day. He then wended his way to
the Ferryman's house, and with hard pleading and
a few "extra quarterrs" induced a man to get up
and take hira back again. He suceeded in finding s
his house, wife and children about day break.
He says, his wife thinks it was the most; round
about way to get from the Theatre to liTs house,
(it being only a few squares off,) she ever heard
of and if she did not know he never tasted a glass
of spirits in his life she would almost suspect he had
been drinking liquor; and tbatu tie had not the de
served reputation at home, of being strictly temper
ate, he thinks he never could, during his natural
lif j have satisfied her where he spent that live-long-
night s .
Singular Scrap of History. r
A Washington correspondent of the U. Y. Jour
nal of Commerce in a recent letter says:
A singular case is before the Attorney General
for his opinion. In the year 1831, Lieut. Randolph
of the United States navy, " was dismissed from
the service by order of Gen. Jackson, as a defaulter.
Lieut Randolph had acted ns Purser, at some
naval station, in consequence of the death of Purser
Timberlake. : '-'
It was alleged by Mr. Timberlake's friends that
Mr. Randolph had done him some injustice, and it
was on that account that Mr. R was dismissed.
Indeed, Gen. Jackson gave that as a reason for
his order. Subsequently, Mr Randolph was sued
by order of the 4th Auditor Mr. Ktndall, and the
case was decided by the Circuit Court of the U.
S.v at Richmond, Chief Justice Marshall presiding,
in Mr. Randolph's favor, on the ground, if my mem
ory serves me, that his accounts had been settled ,
and the credits claimed by him allowed, by the
auditor who preceded Mr. Kendall, - -.
A short time afterwards, Mr. Randolph made a
personal assault upon General Jackson in the cabin
of a steamboat at the wharf in Alexandria, and in
the presence of hundreds of persons, pulled the
President's nose. After the lapse of nearly twenty
years. Mr. Randolph has come to this city, and de
manded, as an act of justice,from President Taylor,
restoration to the service . '
He has produced letters from Henry Clay and
other eminent men, strongly urging his claims np
on the Executive. The President and th Secre
tary of the Navy, after eXaminingthe .case, -have
asked the opinion of the Attorney General by which
they will be guided, - . :
Keep thy heart with all dilligence; for out of it
are the issnes of life.