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' Published every Saturday Morning:
FREMONT SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO,
ol ffice Opposite Kendall & Ninas' Store.
;. :J. S. FOUKE, Editor and Publisher.
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SONS OF TEMPERANCE.
" Fort Stevenson im ision. No. 432S Sta
ted meeting, every Tuesday evening at the Division
Eoomiu the old Northern Exchange.
C! IDETS OP TEMPERANCE.
Fort Stevenson Section, Ko.lOS meets
everyThursday evening in the nan oi me oous
I. O. O. F.
' Croatian Lodge, No. . meets 'h .M
Fellows Hall, in Morehouse's building, every Saturday
ROBERTS, HUBBARD & CO.,
Copper, Tin and Sieel-Iron Ware,
AND DEALERS III
Stoves, Wool, Hides, Sneep-pclts, Uags.
Old Copper, Old Stoves, &c, &c. Also,
ALL SORTS OF J EN CINE YANKEE NOTIONS.
Pease's Brick. Block, No. 1.
Fremont, Sandukv Cn- ohio-
C. K. Mc criiLOCII,
SCALER IN '
nnnns MFniCINES. PAINTS, DyESTt FFS.
BOOKS. STATIONARY, &c.
KALFH P. BICKLAND,
- A TTORNEY and Counsellor t law and Solicitor
in Chancery, will attend to professional business in
Sandusky and AnjoiningcoHBiir-.
83 Orrici Second story of Tyler's Block.
JOHN li. GREENE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW and Prosecuting Attorney
for Saniluskv county, Ohio, will attend to all pro
fessional business entrusted to his care, with promptness
. O OfTicE at the Conrt Honse.
.Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
" AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCKBT.
OrFics At the Court Mouse.
Fremont, Sandnsky Co." O. No 1.
U. J. BAUTLETT,
' ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
FBJUONT, SANDUSKY, CO., O.,
.X717"ILL give his undivided attention to professional
Fremont, Feb. 27, '49.
' PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
wy ESPECTFULLY tendeis liisprofessionaiservices
Jl 4 to the cKizeus of r reinont, and vicinity.
1 Office One door south "of McCnlloch's Drug store.
LA Q. RAWSON,
.. PHYSICIAN ANI SURGEON,
FREMONT, SANDUSKY CO., O. .
May 26, .849. 14
. . PORTAGE COUNTY
Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
JR . P. BV C K Mj .l.V li , Agent.
; FREMONT, 8ANDCSKT CO., OniO.
BELL &. SHEETS,
Physicians antl Surgson,' .
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OHIO.
, OFFICE Second Story of Knapp't Building.
Julv 7. 1849. 21
Post-Off ice Honrs.
r iHE regular Post-Office hours, until further notice.
I will be as follows:
- From 7 to 12 A. M. and from I to 8 P. M.
Sundays from 8 to 9 A. M . and frein 4 to 5 P. M.
W.M. STARK, P. M.
New and Fashionable
Boot antl Shoe Shop.
f "1HE undersigned, has opened a BOOT and SHOE
. JL shop on
V Main street, two doors north of the Post Office,
in Lower Sandusky, and is now manufacturing to order
every thing in the above line with neatness and despatch.
His materials are of the best quality, hia workmen are ex
perienced, and all work is warranted
. ... . ..uu .r i .Imerooryot tne deceased, vne omcers ana memoers
He intends to supply this marcel with beautiful andJ-, , ... , , ,
ki . rr j H of the House will wear the usual badge Of mourn-
Men's, Boys', and Children's Boots Shoes and Brogans,
Cowhide) and Kipskin, as welt as pumps, slippers, &c
Also, Ladies' and Misses' slippers Buskins, Gaiters Sec,
II done up in neat and fashionable style, and delivered
rith promptness and despatch. 'I he subscriberrequests
a, liberal share ot the public patronage, and is determined
to merit the same.
' June 23,' 19. I8:6m
PRS. SHEETS & BELL,
. TTAVIN G entered into a nartnershipin the Drug Store
Jtl owned by Dr. Sheets, in Tyler's Building, where
.hey now offer full assortment of
" Drugs, Medicines, Dye Stuffs, Oils, Paints,
and greet variety of fancy articles, such as cologne,
, hair oil, indelible ink, pen-Knives, combs, brushes of all
kinds, with a full assortment of
; PATENT MEDICINES,
"for every disease that afflicts mankind: which we offer
at very low psiees for Cash. Beeswax. Ginseng. Sassafras
; Bars from the root and Paper Raga. Low Pricea, and
- - : t Ready Pay in something,
is our motto forever. SHEETS fe BELL.
- Fremont, July 14, 1849. 21
BY D. W. BARTLKTT.
Sweet evening; in her robes of sable hue
Is here, and la bestowing her soft dew
Upon the earth, and shutting up the flowers .
With her moist fingers for the sleeping hours.
My heart is sad to-night, and on my brain.
Care heavily doth press, and hitter pain.
And 1 am lonely, for no friend is here;
But most of all 1 miss ar mother dear.
My mother ah methinks I see her now.
With those soft, loving eyes of her-, and brow
So kind! O! aad am I, because 1 know
That I have caused dark, bitter tears to flow,
From out those blessed eyes of hers and now
1 clasp her hand and bend before her low
Methinks I feel her tears upon my cheek,
And hear her breathe a prayer for ine, her weak
And erring boy! Dear mother! let me lay
My head upon" thy heart would God for aye
It might remain; for there I could not ain,
Where such pure, lieaven-like virtue dwells within!
But thou art from me, and oh! perhaps
I ne'er agoin shall see thy face a lapse
Of time at least must slowly pasa, ere I
Can let my head upon thv bosom lie;
But if thy cheek I never kiss again
II nevermore my tears shall wah the stain
Of sin from off my heart, I'll not despair.
For God, 1 know, will grant a mother's prayer:
And granting it, "O death, where is thy sting?"
For then to me eternal joy thou'lt bring !
ifarWe find the following appropriate and in
teresting eulogy, pronounced by Hon. A. E. Wood,
in memory of the late Mr. Dickinson of this place,
and at the time of his death a member of Con
gress from this District, in the National Intelligen-
Mr Speaker: I rise to perform the mournful
duty of announcing to this House the death of one
of us members, my lmmeaiaw preueteswjr uu una
floor. . '
The Hon. Rudolphts Dickinson, a Representa
tive from the Sixth Congressional District of the
State of Ohio, departed this life, in this city.on the
20th day of March last '
Mr. Dickinson was born at Whately, Massachu
setts on the eighth day of December, 1789. He
srradunted at Williarostawn College, and soon after
. .... , r M.: ... V. . 1.
emigrated to tne estate oi nnci
lUheH nims(4f in the practice of law, at Lower San
a..a Vr..mmt: which continued to be the
r.Ur.0. nf hia residence until the period of his de
cease. By the s'uccesful practice of his profession,
and other pursuits in wmoii ho gs.
nrc.A n rnmnetent estate. For several years he
: a number of the Board or Public Works
of Ohio; and in 1846 was elected by the people of
his Congressional district to represent them in this
Kron), ,.f th National Legislature, m wlncn tie
served through the last Congress, and was re-elected
nt the time of his death to the present.
My relations with the deceased were of the most
intimate and friendly character. I knew him long
or,l rtU Tn the discharge of his omcial duty, in
business transactions,and in all the relations of life
ho wo rlistintruished for his mercy of character,
o-rcat sagacity, strict integrity, prudence, and
judgement Seldom engaging in an enterprise
without a areful examination of all its details, he
was nnahlfin to forsee its results, and was conse
quently eminently successful in whatever he un
In the midst of his honors with his faculties
yet strong and untmpaired in the prime of life,
h hna hfipn taken from among us; and has
gone to that bourn from whence there is no return,
and where neither the voice of censure nor ap
plause can reach him in his last dreamless repose,
As a husband and father he possessed in an emi
nent degree those bright shining qualities which
distinguish men in their private and social relations
of life. In the year 1827 the deceased was uni
ted in marriage to Miss Margarette Beaugrand, of
Lower Sandusk)-, the daughter ot a highly respec
table French gentleman, who settled there several
"years previous to the extinction of the Indian title
Sp that country. Fortunate in his domestic, as in
his social relations, lits Home was ine iavorea aooue
of happiness and peace.
No effort of mine, and no eulop-y that I can pro
nounce upon this floor, will fill the widowed heart
of the affectionate wife and devoted mother, or
cause the smile of joy and gladness to brighten the
faces of bis orphan children ; I must commend
them to a higher source for consolation in their
bereavement May He who "tempers the wind to
the shorn lamb" extend his providential care to
those who are thus depiived of their protector and
. Let us who survive profit by the example which
has been furnished us of the uncertainty of life, and
of the necessity of always being prepared for its
Mr. Speaker, as a mark of respect for the mem
ory of the deceased, I offer for adoption the fol
Resolved, That this House has heard with deep
and unfeigned regret of the death, in this city, of
the Hon. Kudolphes Dickinson, a memoet oi tne
last Congress and member elect to this Congress,
from the sixth Congressional district of Ohio.
Resolved, That as a testimony ot respect tor tne
vJintr, on the left arm, for thirty days.
Resolved, That the clerk forward to the tamuy
of the deceased a copy of these proceedings.
Resolved, That this House, as a further mark of
respect for the memory of the deceased, do now
The resolutions were unanimously adopted.
And then the House adjourned till to-moirow.
An orator out west in commenting on the
dangerous character of circumstantial evidence,
closed with the following poreration :
"If circumstantial evidenco were personfied, it
should be the form of a beautiful woman. Her
brow should be the brow of Minerva; her smile
the smile of Venus; her voice the voice of a Syren.
She should be clad in the white robes of inocence,
but on her garments should be seen 'gouts of blood,
Her step should be the conqueror's desolation ; and
in the back ground, haunting her footsteps, should
apear the shades ot unqtet perturbed spirits ran
ged in groups of twelve, representing the jurors
who had been led astray by her knowing brow, her
treacherous smile, and yet more seductive voice.
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, FEBRUARY 16, 1850.
REMARKS OF MR. CLAY,
On presenting his Resolutions to the U. S. Senate.
On Saturday we gave the resolutions to our
readers. After their presentation,Mr. Clay procee
ded in substance as follows.
As to the first resolution: It was acknowledged
by all that there had been some irregularity in the
movements adopted in California, resulting in the
formation of a constitution, and the application on
her part for admission into this Union as a state.
The course pursued was admitted to be irregular.
It was not preceded by any act of Congress defin
ing her boundaries, as was the usual practice here-...i.-
i ...... ...
toiore. micnigan was ine nrst state which, without
being authorized by an act of Congress for admis
sion into the Union. He had opposed that departure
from the usual practice, but the majority had de
cided otherwise ; but it must be acknowledged that
there was far greater reason for the course pursued
by California, than there was for Michigan to do
what she had done. Happily the event of Michi
gan's admission into the Union had proved highly
advantageous : she was now a bright star in the
constellation, and she has sent here to mingle in
our councils senators of great ability, and one par
ticularly o the most distinguished character, and
with whom they all might associate with pride and
If California be admitted, too, even with these
irregularities, like Michigan, she too may send here
senators actuated by patriotism and a desire to pro
mote ine good interests ot the country, lhe reso
lution provides for her admission into the Union
and forms part of the general plan he had pre
pared for the settlement of the difficulties now
The second resolution proposes two truths, one
of law and the other of fact The truth of law is,
inai mere does not exist, at this time, slavery in
any portion of the territories acquired from Mexico.
This truth was the conviction of his own delibera
tions; he was aware that there were other Senators
who entertained different ground; but when those
Senators have considered the question more fully,
they will perhaps change their opinions. If they
should still hold to their opinion, he thought it
likely they would find themselves in a small minor
ity. The next truth stated in the resolution was
one of fact It was, that slavery was not likely to
exist in the territories acquired from Mexico. It
was one evident to all senators. From all he had
heard, from all that had been stated by the wit
ness of affairs there : from all that had transpired
and all that would transpire, he was satisfied that
slavery would never exist on one single foot of that
territory, not even established there by authority
of law. Facts are of importance to the considera
tion of this subject He asked senators, and parti
cularly those from the free state, to pause and con
sider well upon what had occured since they
left their homes and constituents. It had been
repeatadly declared that slavery would never be
allowed in California: and (Jahlornia has, in con
vention, by an unanimous vote, and in a convention
where some of the members were slaveholders, or
from slave-holding states from Mississippi, and
perhaps other southrn states declared against
slavery, and forever excluded it from her limits.
From all this he was, he thought warranted in
stating in the resolution, as a truth, that slavery
was not likely to exist in any portion of the territory
acquired from Mexico.
The latter part of the resolution, asserts it to be
the duty of congress to establish territorial govern
ments for the territories not included in the limits
of California, and that no provision should be made
either for the prohibition or admission of slavery in
Much as he was disposed at all times to defer
to high authority, and anxious to find himself in a
position to act in harmony with the other branches
of the Government, he could not consent to any
dereliction of his duty towards the territories by
abandoning them, and leaving them exposed to all
the dangers of anachy, when it was possible to
prevent it It was the duty of congress to legis
late for the territories, and to extend to them the
benefits and protection of a governmen' an laws.
The third and fouth resolutions should be red
and considered together. It was not intention
then, nor perhaps at any time, to enter 'nt0 3,1 ex"
animation of the question contained in tne resolu
tions. It was a very complex and somewnat diffi
cult subject to go into the question of wha are the j
true limits of Texas. His own opinion was
that Texas has not a good title to any portion
of the territory called New Mexico. Yet while
holding this opinion, he was free to adm't that
looking at the grounds stated as the foundation
of that title, first at the law of J 836 passed by Tex
as, then the treaty concluded with Santa Anna,
and what has transpired between the commission
ers who treated with Mexico, and the fact tha U
the country has been since given up to the Un'ted
States by Mexico, and without giving these facts
all the weight and importance attached to them
by gentlemen, there was established a plausible
show of a claim, but not n good title.
Without now going into the the inquiry wether
the Nueces or Del Norte is or was the true boun
dary of Texas, he had proposed, by his resolution,
to hx that boundary at a short distance from the
mouth of (he Rio del Norte, and runing along that
river to the line of New Mexico, and thencealong
the line of New Mexico, eastwardly to the old line
established ly tho United States and Spain. - She
wotfd then be a large country enongh, when peop-
led to mase inree or lour states.
The other resolution makes a proposition to Texas.
It proposes that the United States will provide for
the payment of all that portion of her debts which
have been secured by a pledge made when Tex
as was a republic, and competent to make such
a pledge of the duties arising from her foreign
imports. How much that debt was, he could not
with all his efforts, ascertain ; but it made but little
difference, It was the principal he proposed to
astablish, and in the assertion of a principle the
amount was no necessary. The ground on which
he proposed that the United States should as
sume this debt, was one which he had more than
once ad vocated.as founded on the principles of truth
Texas was a free and independent nation ; as
such she had invited the world to make loans to
her to enable her to prosecute the war then exist
ing between her and Mexico, and she told all those
whom she had invited to make this loan, that she
will sacredly pledge the duties on her imports to
the payment of that loan. The money is lent, and
it is expended in her war for independence.
Afterwards she annexes herself to the United Stat
es, and the thing pledged to pay her debts, becomes
the property of the United States; and the fund
pledged to the payment of her debt is now turn
ed into the vaults of the United States. Now, he
thought that by all the principles of honor and
justice Known amongst men, the United States,
the recipients ot this pledge, should pay the debts
due to the creditors,at least as far as the thing pled
ged would go to that object There were three
parties to the affair Texas, the creditor, and the
United States; and the United States could not
do any thing to the prejudice or wrong of the third
How much of that debt would now exist if this
pledged fund bad not been transferred to the Uni
ted States, is uncertain. The trade to Galveston
and the other ports of Texas was now principally
in the hands of coasting vessels, and instead of re
ceiving imports from Europe, the other States of
the Union. Bui is this certain that, if Texas had
not become a state of this Union, the duties on her
imports would in a few years have been sufficient
to pay her debt This proposal was made another
condition, on the condition that Texas should relin
quish any claim to any portion of the the territory
caiiea mew Mexico, now, she had no valid title
to any portion of that territory, but merely a claim;
and with a general desire to have harmony and
peace, she and the United States might do, as
is done by individuals, compromise, and the United
States pay something even for a disputed claim for
the sake of peace.
The fifth and sixth resolutions,like the third and
fourth.had some connexion, and should be consider
ed together. The fifth asserted substantially no
other principle than what was asserted by a reso
lution of his submitted in the Senate twelve years
ago, and then passed by a majority of nearly four
fifths of the Senate. That resolution was passed in
1838, and required that the abolition of slavery in
this Distric: should not be done, except with the
assent of Maryland, the assent of the peoplo of the
District and upon a full compensation to the own
ers of the slaves.
The sixth resolution is, that the slave trade
should be abolished or prohibited within the Dis
trict It was not that the alienation or transfer of
slaves between the inhabitants or between neigh
bor and neighbor should be prohibited, nor that
the rights of property among the residents of the
District should be affected. But the slave trade,
pronounced to be an abomnable traffic more than
forty years ago by a distinguished son of Virginia,
Mr. Randolph, should be broken up at least in this
District It was a mistake on the part of the gen
tlemen from the north if they supposed that the
regular traders in slaves are looked upon with par
ticular favor at the south. On the contrary, they
were sometimes uniustlvexcluded from snr.inl
course on account of the odium attaching to their
There was no reason why the trade should be
allowed to exist here any longer. There was, if it
was desired to have a large number of slaves to
gether for sale, Alexandria, Petersburg.Richmond,
Annapolis and Norfolk, and let them be Carried
there; let the trader go there and establish his iails
ana his prisons, and not in this place, the capital
of the nation ; where too often are shocked the feel
ings of gentlemen, by seeing slaves in chains, and
in ion? irams. anven aown lo tne Avenue, trom
the Capitol to that house where resides the Presi
dent of a free Republic. He spoke the sentiments
ot many southern men when he declared the slave
trade, now carried on in this city, to be abomnable.
The object and purport of the seventh resolution
had been made plain and obvious by the debate
already had upon the bill before the senate. It
was obvious, also thatno Isgislation is necessary, nor
was it intended that they should follow the eighth
resolution. It established a truth sustained by law,
and would meet with a general acquiescence.
He had thought that a resort to the old custom
of our American and English ancestors, of an oc
casional delaration of great fundamental principles,
would be the best plan to pursue, and the senate
now had before them that plan of settling the great
How far it might prove acceptable to the two
parties to this question, it was not for him to say.
It should be acceptable to both. There was in the
acceptance of it no sacrifice of principle by either.
It was founded on mutual forbearance, and origin
ating in mutual concession and conciliation.
At the north he knew there was a deep opposi
tion to slavery, an onoosition dictated bv the our-
est humanity and philanthropy. But while he be
lieved there was, in these resolutions, about an
equal amouct of concession, he thought that he
might have asked more from the north, in the way
of concession, than from the south. With the gen
tlemen from the free states, what was this subject
but an abstraction ? An abstraction, it was true,
based upon the principles of humanity and philan
thropy, noble when not dictated or used for party
ends and party purposes. The north was also nu
merically greater than the slave states, and great
ness of power and magnanimnity should ever go
together. On the part of the north, the opposition
to slavery was a sentimant of philanthropy and
humanity ; and, when sentiments of that kind are
entertained with the wish and disposition to make
sacrifices to enforce them, they are truly noble.
But when the sacrifices are not to be made by you
of the north, but by those who cannot sympathise
with you, it is not so. One the one side, it is a
sentiment without any sacrifice or peril or danger
or loss ;on the other, there must be a vast and in-
caluuable sacrifice of propsrty withont you of the
north being burdened with any portion of it a
sacrifice of all the social relations of property, of
me, and ot every thing dear.
Look at the storm now upon whom does its fu
ry fall ? You of the north are safely housed, and
feel none of its force ; but at the south how differ
ent! Look at that dwelling-house wrapt in flames;
rafter after rafter crackling, breaking, falling; look
at those women and children rushing wildly thro'
the flames, shrieking, in their calamities, for help
Is this in the free states? No; but in the slave
states, and produced not intentionally but by the
measures introduced by you, and carried further
than you had any intention they should proceed.
On the one side there was sentiment and sentiment
alone- On the other, property, life, and the whole
social fabric, likely to be envolved in ruin.
He had already stated more than he had intend
ed, but would detain the senate while he related
an incident which occurred this morning. A man
had come into his room this morning, (the same
person who a few days ago had placed in his hands
for presentation to the senate, a petition that con
gress would purchase Mount Vernon,) and said to
him; "Mr. Clay I heard you make a remark the
other day which induced me to suppose that you
would be glad to possess a relic of Washington.
Allow me to present you with this," handing to
me at the same time a fragment of the coffin of
Washington a fragment of that coffin in which re
posed the sacred remains of Washington.
Was there any thing in the incident ? Was, it
as it had occurred to him, a sad presage of what is
to become of that great fabric which Washington
He then moved that the resolutions be made the
special order of the day for Tuesday next
Mr. Rusk said he did not intend to discuss these
resolutions, but had simply arose to say that he re
gretted that the senator from Kentucky rather un
ceremoniously should take one half of the state he
represented, and give it as a peace offering to the
spirit of encroachment upon the constitutional rights
ot the south. When the question came up, he
would undertake to prove that the Rio Grande was
the true bounary of Texas; and that this congress
i i I., . f rt. .
uuu no power wimoui tne consent oi lexas 10 di
vide her, or to alter her limits.
Mr. Foote said there was something in the reso
lution which declared it inexpedient to abolish slav
ery in the district of Columbia, that was not alto
gether suitable to his views. That resolution
might be so construed as to admit the power of
congress to do so. tie did not believe congress
had such a ptjwer. He did not approve of the
resolution about Texas; there was a bill now before
the senate to divide that state by the creation of a
new one. While he admired the protest entered
by the senator from Texas, he thought it but proper
mat tne resolutions snouio De creiully considered
oetore discussed, lie retered to the action of con
gresson the resolutions of 1838, when it was there
held by the south that congress had no power to
Houusa slavery in tne jvjstnci.
l-- L I ' , T- . ' .
Mr. Clay replied to the two senators briefly, and
then Messrs. Foote and Clay continued the debate
upon the nature and character ot the resolutions of
Mr. Mason said that he was not willing that any
one should suppose that he, or the state he repre
sented, shonid oe considered as conceding to the
propositions submitted by the senator from Kentuc
ky. He regretted that a senator from a slave state
should have introduced such propositions. There
could be no compromise where every concession
was to be made by one party. He was glad the
senator differed from the administration as to the
subjects treated of in the late message. He could
never vote for a resolution that asserted that slav
ery did not at this time exist in the territories.
He believed the senator was actuated by the no
blest motives in introducing his proposition ; but
he was surprised that such a proposition should
have been introduced by a southern senator. As
to the resolution about fugitive slaves, it was very
well: but where was the guarantee that it would
be observed ? The Constitution itself was disre
garded on that subject There were other propo
sitions in the resolutions for which he could never
Mr. Davis, of Mississippi, said he had a different
impression of the action of congress in 1838, about
the abolition of slavery m the District of Columbia,
fronl that entertained on the other side. Mr. D.
then read from the journal, to show that a resolu
tion declaring that the abolition of slavery in the
District of Columbia would be dangerous to all the
slave states in the union. The resolutions of the
senator from Kentucky departed from the doctrine
laid down twelve years ago. He was opposed to
several of the propositions contained in the resolu
tions. He saw no compromise in them. The con
cessions were all on one side. He could vote for
no resolution which declared that slavery did not
exist in the territories. That doctrine had been
held and proven by the south, and had been intro
duced in an amendment at the last session by the
other senator from Kentucky, (Mr. Underwood.)
In conclusion he would say, that he would ex
cept of no compromise short of the Missouri line, to
be extended to the Pacific Ocean, with a guarantee
that south of that line the institution of slavery was
not to be inteifered with. Nothing short of this
would be taken as a compromise.
Mr. Clay explained that the resolution of 1838
declared that slavery ought not to be abolished
without the consent of the people of the District
and of the state of Maryland, and without a just
Compensation to the owners. It is also declared
that the intermeddling by other states to obtain
the abolition of slavery here, without this consent
would be highly dangerous to the slave states.
There was no inconsistency in his action then and
now. As to the Senators declaration that he would
not accept of any compromise unless there was a
positive provosion that slavery should exist in all
territory south of 30 deg. 30 min., he hsd but to
say a few words. He owed it to himself and the
country to declare, that there existed no human
power that could force him to vote for a measure to
carry the institution of slavery into any territory
now free, whether that territory was north or south
of 36 deg. 30 min. No earthly power could make
him do so. Applause. We find fault with our
British ancestors for introducing slavery amongst
us, and he was not disposed to bear a like blame
for being instrumental in introducing it in Califor
nia or any other free territory. It was his opinion
that slavery did not exist in any portion of the ter
ritory acquired from Mexico. He thought his prop
osition better for the south than the Missouri com
promise. He regretted the premature discussion
of the subject
Mr. Davis of Mississippi, replied, and said he nev
er proposed to institute slavery south of 36 deg.
30 min. All he asked was, that south of that line
the subject was not to be touched.
Mr. King regretted that any feelings should
have been shown in the debate. He was satisfied
that the senator from Kentucky had been actuated
by the best motives in offering his resolutions.
There were several propositions contained in them
which he could never admit or recognize.
Mr. Clay replied to the senator.
Mr. Rusk, after alluding to the subject of the
boundary of Texas, said he saw no good resulting
from the introduction of abstract resolutions. He
thought the matter could be settled better by com
ing to a direct vote on some practical question.
Mr. Downs expressed himself opposed to the res
olutions. Mr. Berrien accorded to the senator who intro
duced these resolutions, the noblest motives in do
ing so; but he did not wish to have it inferred
from his silence that he could acquiesce in the res
olutions. - - - - ; :.!-,-'. '
Mr. Butler said he could see no compromise in
the resolutions. He believed the senator who in
troduced them had done so with the purest inten
tions. He thought that no compromise was neces
sary. The matter could be settled by allowing
territorial governments to be formed for the terri
tories, and the withholding of any provision with
regard to slavery.
Mr. Cass made a few remarks about the circum
stances of the admission of Michigan into the Uni
on. .'. . .
And then the resolutions were made the special
order of the day for Tuesday next
The Squire Treaty.
We have been favored by Capt Nickerson, of
the brig September' with a copy of a proclamation
signed by the governor of Honduras, containing
the important treaty negotiated by Mr. Squire, for
the cession of Tigre island, of which we publish a
translation. The treaty was concluded by Mr.
Squier, without instructions from our government,
and the act may have been an injudicious one. -But
we think that when all the facts in the case
are fully known, any indescretion which our rep
resentative may have committed, will be attributed
to a zealous desire to promote the interest of Lis
couutry under circumstances when a little stretch
of authority was pardonable. There is no doubt
that the treaty was negotiated under the belief
that the British government had determined to take
possession of the island, and with this knowledge
that if the design was to be frustrated, no time was
to be lost in communicating with the government
of the United States. It will be seen that the ces
sion was provisionally made, and is, of course, not
fully completed until the treaty is ratified by the
senate. I Boston Journal.
General Ministry of the Supreme Government )
of the State of Honduras. V
Government House, Tegucigalpa, Oct 9. ' J
To the Political Cheifofthe Department;
The president in whom is vested the executive
power of the states of Honduras, inasmuch as on
the 26th of September last, there was duly ratified
between a company of citizens of North America
and the government of Nicaragua, a contract for
the construction of a canal in this Isthmus, for the
common benefit of mankind ; to remove all fear that
the island of Tigre, situated in the best position is
the bay of fconseca, shoull become occupied by
some foreign and inimical power, which might place
an obstacle to the free transit of the commerce of
the world, or entirely prevent the benefits of the
great work contemplated, and to. assure in future
the integrity and independence of the territory of
Honduras, and the sovereignty of the same in the
said island of Tigre, has decreed as follows : J
Art 1. The government of Honduras cedes to
thegoernmentofthe United States of North Amer-
ica, for eighteen months, reconed from the pub
lication of this decree, within which time, which
cannot be extended, shall be effected the ratifica
tion, amendment or constitutional rejection, of the
general agreement signed in the city of Leon de
Nicaragua, on the 28th September last by the
plenipotentiaries of both governments.
Art 2. In consequence ot the preceding cession,
and bv virtue of the present decree, the general
diplomatic agent of the United States resident in
Central America, or whoever may represent him,
may take immediate possessession in the name of
his government of the said island, and adopt what
ever measures he may deem expedient to secure
the object expressed in the preamble of this decree.
Art 3. None of the foregoing articles shall sl
ter or impair the present laws and regulations es
tablished in the said island of Tigre.
Art. 4. The present decree shall be printed and
circulated in the territory of Honduras, and shall
be made known to the other governments of Cen
tral America, and to the diplomatic agents and for
eign consuls resident therein.
Given in Tegucigalpa, at the government house,
this 9th Oct 1849 JUAN LINDO.
To Senor Don J. Maria Moncada. " -
The which I communicate to you for your in
formation and government, trusting you will advise
me of its receipt and receive my assureance of es
teem. J. MARIA MONCADA.
lake Nicaragua is described as a magnificent
stream, and the scenery on its borders is remarka
ble for beauty. The banks near the sea are low.
and are covered with palms which look like so ma
ny giant plumes. Higher up the banks are more
elevated, and covered with a dense mass of verdure,
coming down like a wall to the very edge of . the
water. 1 hese are the broad leated plantain, the
gigantic cebia, the slender cocoa palm, besides a
hundred other strange varieties, twinea ana Douna
together with vines, covered with bright flowers,
and hanging their long pliant tendrils from every
stem. On this mass of impenetrable verdure, which
never fades, parrots and noisy macaws glanced in
and out long-necked cranes mounted on the sand
bars ; bright green iguanas looked down from the
overhanging limbs, and queer monkeys hung by
their tails and chattered vociferously. The lake
Nicaragua is a remarkable fine body of water,
nearly as large as lake Ontario. On the north are
the undulating slopes and grassy hilis of Chartales,
the paradise of the cattle raisers on the south,
for a long distance, are the rugged hills towards
Costa Rica, the abode of the untamed Indians; the
fine department of Nicaragua, lately the seat of
terrible emotions; the department of Grenada,
with its indigo and cocoa estates, and its volcanic
peaks. In the midst of the lake rises the regular
cone of Ometne, a very fine mountain, and by its
side the volcano of Madeira, capped with clouds.
wt , ... '
Lamartine in Turkey.
A FrencliJJoumal gives some particulars of the
estate recently bestowed by the Sultan on M, de
Lamartine. The domain lies in the immediate
vicinity of Smyrna, and is nearly as large as the
Isle of Wight being about fifty four miles in cir
cumference. It has hitherto belonged only to the
crown, as we should say in England. The soil is
described as wonderfully fertile, like most of the
land in the neighborhood of Smyrna.as being well
planted with oranges and olives, and a capable of
every variety of cultivation. The chateau, built
for the residence of an imperial officer, is comodipus
beyond the usual run of Turkish bouses ; and un
der the windows lies a fine lake of more than a mile
across, which is described as well stocked with
fish. The estate includes five villages. M. de
Lamartine. it is said, goes to Asia Minor in the
spring to take possession in person of his territorial
gift - .
A cotemporary says When we see a neat;
pretty girl with a free, but innocent air; with heaT
enly blue eyes, which seem to repose in serenity
beneath their silken lashes, we always wish shewaa
near a mudpuddle, and we had to lift her over.