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THE DAILY CITIZEN.
The Citizen Is the most extenslrely circu
lated and widely read newspaper in western
Its discussion of public men and measures
is in the interest of public integrity, honest
government, and prosperous industry, and it
knows no personal allegiance in treating pub
The ClTIIBN publishes the dispatches of the
Associated Press, which now covers the
w hole world in its scoie. It has other facili
ties of advanced journalism for gathering
news from all quarters, with everythiniecarc
tully edited to occupy the smallest space.
Specimen copies of any edition will be sent
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months; 50 cents for one month ; 15 cents for
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every part of the city to subscribers, and par
ties wanting it will please call at the Citizkn
AnvRRTislNR Ratks Reasonable, and made
known on application nt this office. All
transient advertisements must be paid in ad
vance. Reading notices ten cents per line. Obitu
ary, marriage and society notices fifty cents
each (not exceeding ten lines) or fifty cents
THURSDAY, SEPT. 10, 1889.
VIEWS FROM CALIFORNIA.
We are in receipt of the Daily Sun, a
Republican newspaper of San Diego. Our
attention is called to an editorial in
which the negro question is discussed,
and are glad to see that (Jen. Johnstone
Jones, in conversation with the editor ol
the Sun has been enabled to disabuse him
of some erroneous impressions, and to put
him on the track of taking just and com
mon sense views of the Southern situation
and the negro question, just now worked
for all it is worth by the leaders of the Re
publican party. And with lietter under
standing of facts and conditions, the Sun
is frank enough to say :
"Out upon such rot and nonsense. It is
time that the Republican party ceased to
sit, like the figure on the silver coin, ever
looking backward ; foi ever gazing across
a zone of bloody graves tor a new a-
proach ot Confederate battle Hags and
brutal slave-drivers. The negro to-dav
in the length and breadth of the South, is
a happv and contented animal. The loss
of political power docs not trouble him
although he would use it it lie could get
back. He is treated as well orbettertha
the Chinese are here. He is neither beaten
goaded nor robbed. When he moves he
moves South, never North. It would
amaze him to know that he is l)eing
crushed under somebody s heel, and th;
is perhaps the reason why the Northern
stump-Scakers never go down South to
ten mm so.
We have also a clipping from the Union
another San Diego Republican po.er, con
taining comments upon an article in Th
Citizen of some weeks ago, in whic
mention was made of the probable effect:
of the exodus anticipated by colored Con
gressiuau Cheatham upon the relations ot
parties in his district. With ready unfair
ness the I'nion assumes that we adm
the extent of the hegira, and the justness
of its occasion. The I'nion then assume
to specify these causes. It says "the
usual intention" to these movements on
the part of the negroes "is to letter the
condition." A just and natural one. Ilu
are the causes alleged sufficient ? One ol
them is th existence of the lien law. Now
this law is applicable to white and blacl
tenants alike, and adopted after sharp
ex)erience of dishonesty on the part o
such tenants for the protection of the
landlords, who assume all the exiense ol
providing provisions, teams, tools, etc
by which the crop is made. It iscertainly
not unreasonable, surely not unbusiness
like, surely not a security a Northern Re
publican would not obtain from his white
laborers under like circumstances: and
indispensable in relation to the black 1;
bor, among whom, though it may shod
the I'nion to know it, the distinctions be
tween menu Afirftuuriinrcnot well defined
and with whom the eighth command
ment is practically a dead letter. The
Union also complains that a negro can
not be a juror unless he owns land. The
qualification required is simply this and
nothing more: that the commissioners
whose duty it is in the several counties to
select jurors, "shall select the names ol
such persons only as have paid tax for
the preceding year, and arc of good moral
character, and of sufficient intelligence.
This is the law, since unchanged, of the
Republican legislature of 1808. Perhaps,
under the qualifications, cither one or t bl
ether, or all of them combined, might ac
count for any exclusion complained of.
It is false to charge that the principal
burden of road making and repair is im
posed upon the negro. It is shared
equally by the whites, in proportion to
population. And the Union charges that
an unjust registry law makes it impossi
ble for the negro to comply with its
terms, and practically disfranchises him,
This is either wilfully a false statement or
an erroneous conclusion. The registra
tion laws are so simple that the most ig
norant can apply them. There has been
no change whatever in the laws enacted
in North Carolina by the carpetbag Re
publicans who first introduced the sys
tem of registration, except such require
ments ns to residence and citizenship as
were necessary to head off the favorite
Republican practices of colonization, by
which negro voters were herded, and
transported from one State or county to
another, a practice not unknown to
Northern Republican manipulators even
now. Registration is only refused to
those who have not the required qualifi
cation of time of residence, or are disqual
ified by conviction, or open confession in
court, of felony or crimes infamous by the
laws of the State, a disqualification we
grieve to say, too many of our colored
fellow citizens have incurred to tlieirown
The negroes in fact have nothing to
complain of that does not likewise beset
the white man. Poverty does not find
friends, nor make friends anywhere, not
even in California, as proved by a letter
written by a negro emigrant from this
city to that State, received by us and
published by us a few days ago begging
money to get back home with. The ne
groes here and elsewhere would be happy
enough if let alone. They arc disturbed
and made discontented by idle, pestilent
mouthing fellows of their own race, try
ing to make money by a per centage on
exodus combinations, or hoping to gain
the political prominence elsewhere they
will never reach at home.
QOTEBIHM FOWI.K'U PROCLA
MATION. As w bad a right to expect, the Gov
ernor of North Carolina to whom we
naturally and properly look for the
maintenance of peace and the enforce-
ment of the laws through the powers
placed in his hand, has been prompt to
act in the lamentable and disgraceful
Morganton affair. He has issued his
proclamation "calling upon all officers,
and esiecially those charged with the
administration and execution of t lie laws
in localities where crimes have been com
mon, to energetically exert themselves to
arrest and bring to justice those offenders
Governor Fowle says, "While it is a
cause for profound sorrow that these
evils should exist, there is a consolation
that they are confined to few and re
stricted localities; the great body of the
people are sober, industrious and law
abiding." This was the character of the
people of the whole State; it was em
phatically true of the people of Burke
county; for never in its history has it
ever so burst the bounds of reason, or
anticipated the decisions ot the regular
course of law. Neither can the body of
the people in this case le charged with
disposition to depart trom their conserv
ative traditions, unless they so interpose
obstacles to the discovery and punish
ment of those who have compromised
the good name of the county, and make
themselves silent accomplices on the great
crime which has shocked humanity and
terrified the security of peace and order.
A body of impulsive, resentful men, im
pertinent of justice, and presumably dis
trustful of the regular, erhaps uncer
tain, processes of the law, hastily and
violently anticipated the taw, and did
that which has brought shame and his-
honor upon the whole body of the peo
ple, unless the whole body rise to vindi
cate their loyalty to the laws by aiding
in the discovery of the offenders. And
they can do this with the more alacrity
and good reason, since there was noth
ing in the character or associations ofthc
oflendersso violently dealt with to arouse
the passions of the whole people. I
ker, a temporary resident of one corner
of the county, could have made but few
friends, and not many acquaintances,
during his short stay; not enough to
have inflamed the whole county to the
rage of quick and certain vengeance
upon his assumed murderer, that mur
derer not designated with certainty,
only presumed to lie such by strongly
criminating circumstantial evidence. The
other, unquestionably the real murderer
of a man better known than Parker, yet
with guilt so well established that he
might safely have been left to the decision
of a legal trial.
The great wrong is that in these hasty
acts of popular justice those engaged in
them overturn by a sudden violent blow
all those securities which the law through
its long exiericiice and its more humane
attention to the motives of human ac
tion had built u p as protection to the
accused. The law draws rational and
safe distinction between the gradations
of homicide. It is not every killing that
is murder. M urder has its definition so
clear that it always stands out in its ap
palling distinct atrocity with its hate.
its malice, its premeditations, its purpose
whether of revenge or for money. But
there are killings into which the erpe
trator is hurried, by passion, by sudden
unexpected conditions, into the work of
death, to recoil in his cooler moments in
horror from the deed that is done, and to
reflect in bitter remorse through life for
the act that cannot lc recalled. Such
killings are not murders, legally nor mor
ally; and the law dealing with them dis
passionately, has tender consideration
for the infirmities of human nature.
weighs them in the scales ofdivine justice,
and metes out such a penalty as is pro-
crlv due. Popular justiceeffaces all these
wise and humane distinctions, jumps
hastily to the conclusion that all killing
is murder; inflicts summary justice with
out reflection, wakes up sometime with
remorseful consciousness of its hastv ac
tion, sometimes to the more dreadful
conviction that it has sacrificed i
The danger is that bad men or impul
sive men, Having once tested the power
of sudden, prompt, secret combination
the punishment of offences, and safe
either under the disguises assumed lor
the occasion or the apathy of public sen
timent in exposing and bringing to pun
ishment pnrtihipants in such outrages,
will be emboldened to repeat them and
apply them until the regular course o
shall fall into contempt practical anarchy
raise its horrid front, the innocent and
the guilty Ik sacrificed alike, and these
social chaos has come.
I.ct Gov. Fowle's proclamation lie vig
orously acted upon.
Lenoir Topic: The Comnnnvthathns
nought the tircen iiill property at Blow
ing Kock J. M, and G. L. Bernhardt, G
K and S. K Hariier, of Caldwell, and
A. o. lirenizer. ot Mecklenburg intend
to build UKn it a first-class hotel. They
say mat iney mcanoy "lirst-class hotel
reallv first-class one, with all the
modern improvements, etc., and one that
an compete with such hotels as Battery
arx ai Asnevuie.
News-Observer: After a hearing of
three days at Wavne Superior court the
jury in the case of C. C. Gardner for the
murderoi H. t. Mckeel, at Sauls cross
roads, in Wayne county, last June,
turned a verdict of guilty of murder.
Sentence was passed on the condemned
man by J udge K. r. Armtield.
juries ao convict Sometimes CITI
Dr. Parker Prays cream Van-Ola, Rosa
line, Ongaline and Dinmond nail powder
having now become the ladies' favorites,
at P. L. Jacob's drug store, these popular
manicure articles may always be found,
together with pocket emery board, or
ange wood sticks, nail scissors, files and
thersuch requisites. Also a complete
line of drugs and toilet articles, in addi
tion to the Hebe Soda Fountain from
which ice cold drinks are dispensed. Cor
ner Main street and Patton avenue.
"Strange how wet it is!
"Be stranger still if it were dnr with
sucn neavy rains.
The pleasant effect and the orrfectsiifrti
with which ladies may nsethelinuid fruit
Itrxative, Syrup of Figs, under all condi
tions make it their favorite remedy. It
is pleasing to the eye and to the taste.
gentle, yet effectual in acting on the kid
neys, liver and bowels.
Bustle Bros. & Wright's.
Large assortment of Dry
Goods just arrived.
A full line of Prints.
A full line of Sa tines.
A full line of Ginghams.
A full line of Tricots.
All kinds of Flannels.
A nice assortment of Tap
Cnshm ind Henriettas
in all colors.
Turner Goods in stripes
Our Jubilee Cloth is something-new
and very pretty.
Come and see it.
Ladies' Fauntleroy Sets.
A big line of Ladies' and
(Scuts' II. S. Handkerchiefs,
And in the dents' Furnish
ing Goods Linennytliingyou
want. A good line of Gents'
Grips and Valises just in.
In fact we have anything
you want in the Dry Goods
and Shoe lines. To inaugu
rate, we have a special leader
in every department.
BOSTIC BROS. & WRIGHT
BOOKS AND STATIONERY
I'lCTl'KliS AND KRAMIiS,
HI,ANK HOOKM, KyKRY;KAK
IIOI.I.S. TOYS AND GAMES,
W l.HTDRN N. C. SCKNKS,
aa S. Main Street.
M A KK SO MUCH ANGUS
OI K IUSINKSS,
Ol'R STOCK OF
KNIVES, FORKS, SPOONS,
ARTHUR HI. FIELD,
:THE GREATEST ATTRACTION
Is that fine lot of ENGLISH BRIDLES and
THREB-HORN CHAMOIS BEAT SADDLES
J. M. ALEXANDER'S
And the low prices at which he Is selling all
goods in his line.
He has increased bis force and intends to
meet the demand.
Mr. A. L. Finlev, Marion, N. C. was
such a KTcre sufferer from crofala in a
moat aggravated form, that for yean he
went on cratches. He was cured io 1 883
br Mrs. Joe Person'! Remedy, and hat
been well ever since.
Lots of people come into
our store and see things that
they have just purchased at
other places and exclaim,
"Why, I didn't know you
kept this,'' etc., and upon
comparing prices rind that
they have paid too much for
their purchase. They say,
also, "'We knew you were the
cheapest, but had no idea
you kept so and so." For
two years we have been try
ing to impress upon the peo
ple the fact that we handle
goods ' nil linos
EXCEPT GROCERIES AND DRUGS.
If a new thing in household
using things or conveniences
is announced we hasten to
secure it, and wen re frequent
ly told by visitors from large
citiestli.it the variety am'
completeness of our line of
goods is perfectly astonishing
for a city the sieof Asheville
Tho niovul of which is
until you have visited our
store, (io to others and get
prices. Il'c hud nithor you
until you ha ve seen whether
we have what you want or not
if we have it we are willing to
match prices and nualitv.
feeling assured that in every
case we shall save you
money. We leave Monday
to buy a large stock, and we
have facilities for getting it
low, frequently, under the
cost of manufacture. We
sell at a clone profit and we
propose to do some business
or know the reason why. Do
until yen. have visited the
Elegant Pharmaceuticals !
Beef Wine and Iron! Fer
rated Wine of Wild Cherry,
Cod Liver Oil with Hypo
phosphites and Pure Pepsin,
Elixir Valerianate of Ammo
nia,, Tasteless Castor Oil and
Calisaya Tonic, prepared in
our own laboratory by an
experienced Pharmacist. T.
C. Smith & Co., Dispensing
Milestone for soaking
Wheat at T. C. Smith &Co.'s
Oriental Dentifrice, for
cleansing deleterious deposits
from the Teeth, and neutral
izing acid accretions of the
Mouth mice 25 cents, at
T. C. Smith & (Vs Drug Store
Attention experts in smok
ing! T. C. Smith & Co. hav
another lot of "Five Kiev
ens" just in the finest Fiv
Cent Cigar in Asheville. Cu
ban hand made..
All medicinescarefully com
pounded at T. C. Smith &
Co.'s Drug Store. Prescrij
lions prepared with scrupu
lous care by experienced am
Home-made! T. C. Smitl
& Co., are General Agents for
all Tobacco and Cigars made
in Asheville, especially Por
ter's Warrantee Cigars am
Hull's Fine Tobaccos.
42 N. Main St.
FAMILY GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Agent for Rectus Creek Woolen Mills.
North Main Asheville, N. C
WH. R. PENNIMAN
THE ASHEVILLE BRICK WORKS,
Asheville. N, C.
I. O. Box I.
A NEW KNTKRFRISK.
The Hand Laundry will oien on Muntlny
at the foot of Mrs. Wilson's hill, under the
management of G. W. Higgim..
All work done neatly by hand.
The Best are
Farrell & Co.,
6ENERAL CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Mosaic Tile and Cement work a specialty.
Crates, Range, and Boiler, act.
BuJIdlnmynOTed and repaired in first clau
Sewerage, Drainage and traps for the same
thoroughly understood and promptly at
Office: Wolfe Building, Court Honse Square.
A.herille, N. C. maySOdly
A lane eievtu room Brick How. tnmthm
with kitchen and servants' house and good
barn. Lot contain. 3 M acres. Sewerage and
good bath room. Completely furnish 4 in
every part. Likewise, a good Piano, if
needed. Apply to
au33 dtf NATT ATKINSON SON.
CIIAS. D. BLANTON & CO.,
MEN'S AND BOYS'
Our aim is to fill a long felt want in the city of Asheville,
and we will open about September 1, with the most com,
plete line of Clolhing for Men ami Boys ever shown in this
Our Mr. CIIAS. BLANTON goes to Northern and East
ern markets with the ready cash which insures to the new
-I flNANC'M S'JCtt.'
Will receive our special attention, and to this we will call
the especial attention of Mot hern, Sisters and Aunts.
Will be rej ilete with all the
way of Neckwear.
Will receive due attention, and in it can be found from the
conventional High Hat down
We have already placed our
MEN'S FINE SHOES
Our mode of business shall
and all goods warranted as
Our opening will be announced in due time.
CHAS. D. BLANTON & CO.,
One Price Clothiers,
atton Avenue, - - Asheville. N C
) Dnvc! Aim mm nnriitn
Novelties of the season in the
to the Soft Knock-about.
order for a line of
of the most popular makers.
be ST1UCTLY ONE 1'ilfCE,
represented or money refunded.