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THE DAII.V CITIZEN.
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WliPN IiSDAY, SKPT. 25, 1NS9.
THE DAIRY Bl fJI SH58H.
The Georgia people have done what we
of this section may profitably accept as
example. They sent out a committee ol
intelligent farmers, and also some intelli
gent, broad minded editors to Ohio to
"spy out the land," and to learn from a
thrifty, industrious ieople the secrets ot
their prosperity, the subjects of their in
dustries, their modes of agriculture; and
also the character of their soil, the value
of their lands, the net profits of their la
bor; and also to draw such comparisons
as might enlighten both themselves and
the Ohio people; and to lie able to adapt
the pursuits of Ohio to the Georgia peo
ple, and also by the information they
were able to give, to induce a desirable
immigration of Ohio farmers, mechanics
and other valuable citizens to fill up the
vacant places in Georgia.
The Georgia committee was received
with cordiality, almost enthusiasm.
There was not the faintest suggestion of
sectional feeling; and the representatives
of the two sections seemed mutually and
pleasantly surprised to find how little
stood between them and brotherhood
and jierlect community of interests. A
good lesson may be drawn from this by
those ardent politicians who are working
so hard to keep up hostile feeling.
From the report of the committee we
gather that though the condition of the
farmer is externally a happy and pros
perous one, as indicated by the evidences
of thrift and neatness, the fine apK-ar-anee
of dwellings and barns, the thriving
ap)earnncc of cattle and stock, the thor
ough culture of the farms, and the ex
ulierance of the crops, prosjieritT is more
apparent than real. The valm ot land
and improvements is relatively enor
mous; and incessant hard labor is re
warded with returns of not more than
two per cent, on farm investment. It is
only their perfect system of economy and
indefatigable labor that gives to Ohio its
apparent proserity, and its. certain ap
pearance of superiority to the South in
But there was one special topic to
which we direct attention. Some of the
committee were from North Georgia, that
portion of the State into which the Blue
Kidgc makes its southern trend, consti
tuting a mountain country ; and, there
fore, in the eyes of that part of the com
mittee, eminently suitable to dairy pur
We quote from the report made by Mr.
H. A. Wrenrb, editor of the Dallas Argus,
what the committee learned on this
That the properly managed dairies ol
Georgia give more profit than those ol
Ohio, by fifty per cent.
That there is room in Northwest Geor
gia for 1,000 dairy farms, with conve
nient markets, liefore resorting to the ef
forts and low nrices of Ohio.
That our pure, cold water from springs
would add ten per cent, to Ohio dairies
that are foiced to use pond water and
ice, and, therefore, count that much in
That after the milk and butter market
is supplied, Georgia can make cheese
cheaper than Ohio, and get a better price
The dairies of the Northwest furnish
their milk to the factories, the factories
their product to the commission dairy
merchant, and he handles the product. A
system of perfect eo-ojieration.
High priced lands, long winter seasons,
drv oasturaire. no running water, the
necessity of using ice in summer and
abandonment in winter on account of
Cheap lands that will produce grass.clo
verand ensilage fodder with equal abun
dance, shorter winters unu less severe,
more moisture in summer and consequent
ly butter pasturage, cold running water
tor setting cream without ice, longer pas
turage, less expensive stalls and barns,
and by sowing rye a nip of all winter
grazing and good soil teed in the early
Substitute Western North Carolina for
Georgia, and we have the field and the
subject presented upon a much broader
scale. Our mountain region extends from
Ashe to Cherokee. The mean elevation
is about 2,500 feet, constituting the great
mountain plateau from which the higher
ranges of mountains rear themselves
The whole of it fills the ideal of the dairy
region outlined in the above extract un
der the head of "advantages," though in
greater degree from extent, higher lati
tude, colder and more abundant water.
and more general adaptation to grass
These advantages our own ieople
should themselves utilize. For them
should primarily accrue the profits from
this exhaustlcss mine of wealth. The
dairy business is exactly suited here to
all the conditions of soil, climate and
productions. Cattle thrive, of which we
nave long and abundant proof, in such
healthfulness and vigor, and the relations
to transportation and markets are so fa
vorable, that it would argue want of in
terest and intelligence if our people con
tinue to neglect tbem. If they do, then
let another people be invited to come in
and apply them. Let ns send also a com
mittee to Ohio, and tell them what can
be done in Western North Carolina. Let
them impress the difference between the
cost of land in Ohio $100 to $500 per
acre, and that in the mountains of this
section at from $1 to $10. Their eyes
will or opened, and we shall soon see toe
countkenricbed by the shipments of but
ter and Vhecse, one of the long standing
sources oft he wealth of Ohio, in spite of the
great disadvantages of high priced lands,
cold wintersStnd hot and dry summers.
We like to come back to the subject of
roads sometimes. We like to remind our
people, not of their ignorances, but pf
their negligences. It is an unpopular
subject, in whatever asiiect we view it.
Bad roads have no friends; but good
ones have ns few, otherwise we would
have better ones. But goad roads cost
money; and money the people do not
like to pay, because it must come through
taxation or other unpopular method.
And so we go on submissive to a griev
ance everybody denounces, but which no
bodv has the courage to correct. What
good roads accomplish we need not travel
very far not by dirt rood, but by railroad
to sec. Over in Tennessee, the daughter
of North Carolina, are presented con
trasts to us and our ways, as sharp as
lietween the highest civilization and the
(Icem-st barbarism. Knoxville, Nashville.
Columbia, all have turnpikes leading out
from them in every direction into the
country, a luxury to ride over, and to the
teams, an equal luxury to haul the farm
nroducts over. The consequence of this
easy riding and hauling is that the coun
trv has become a rural city, strung out
for many miles along the highways, mak
ing practicable the comfort and conven
iences ol the city with the seclusion and
freedom of the country. The effect is to
have advanced the value of country prop
erty. For the products of the farm art-
taken to market with economy of time
and money, country residence acquires
attraction from casv accessibility; and
if owners desire to sell, a market is read
ilv found for the same reason. How dif
ferent is our situation here, or in any
other town in North Carolina! Leave
the city or the town, and it is like stqv
ping out of the brilliant direct blaze of
the electric light into the blackness ot it
sharply defined shadows.
Something ought to lie done. Longc
submission to roads that owe so little
to human labor or intelligence, yet ol
which the necessities ofplcnsure or travel
nforce a daily, continuous use, a use
that involves wcnrcncl tear and growing
lcterioration, is discreditable to a peo
pie very boastful of progress. Vet good
roads are the foundation stones of pro
jress, literally and practically. Had
roads are the mill stones that will drag
Jown and keep down any jicoplc who
will consent to keep llifin tied arouuil
On this subject we clip the following
from the Atlanta Constitution;
The demand for good country roads is
imKiativc, and yet wc arc doing com
imrntivclv nothiiiL'. livery civilized
covntrv is ahead of us in this rcseet
liven in our older Mates the highway
are inferior to those of every country ill
It is somewhat encouraging to find
newspapers and thoughtful farmers ag
tnting the matter. Mr. J. F. Pope, ol
Texas, has given the sulnect considerable
studv, and some of his facts will attract
attention. According to Mr. Pope,
good road, eighteen feet wide, with four
leet margin on each side, can lie con
structed for $2,101) a mile, and kept
repair at an annual expense of $100
mile. Such a road should be we
Irained and l)C covered with fine broke
stone nine inches deep in the center and
lour and a halt inches deep on the sides.
( )ne more point about roads. lie
we make permanent public-improvement
the entire burden of the exjK-nse should
not tall upon one generation. lien pos
terity is to reap the benefit .ot our wor
it should pav its share of the bill. The
counties should raise the money needed
lor a permanent system ot good public
roads by issuing ootids, anil our succes
sors should x taxed to redeem tnem
The rcsu t ot the French elections on
Sunday would seem to declare tha
France will continue a Republic, in form
and name at last; so the ballots arc made
to declare. Honapartism makes but
feeble show, and Boulangism is made
appear almost contemptible by its fein
of strength after so much brag and
bluster. Hut it is not certain that
have a real test of the sentiments of the
French people. A government with all
the military at its command, there
most important factor in elections, and
with all the machinery of the ballot at
its command, can declare any result that
suits it. We renunilier Louis Napoleon's
resort to the plebiscite, through which he
affected to have received the almost
unanimous vote of Urance to make him
President of a Republic; a gift of confi
dence, which if it wore a really ascertained
genuine expression of wish and will, was
sieedity abused. French elections are
not unlike what elections in the South
ern States some years back. Those who
voted were such as the powers that were
wished or jicrmitted to vote. We recall
one instance at last, when the lx-st ele
ment of North Carolina was excluded
from the ballot box, and the count of the
vote was by a military governor, in an
other State, with just such a count as
made "its calling and election sure" for
the powers that were determined to hold
on to Mwcr through the fiction of a
popular election. And that kind of elec
tion we are much inclined to think arc
those of the so-called Republic of France.
Dr. Parker Prays cream Van-Ola, Rosa
line, Ongaline and Diamond nail powder
having now become the ladies' favorites,
at F. L.Jacob's drug store, these popular
manicure articles may always be found,
together with pocket emery board, or
ange wood sticks, nail scissors, files and
other such requisites. Also a complete
line of drugs and toilet articles, in addi
tion to the Hebe Soda Fountain from
which ice cold drinks are dispensed. Cor
ner Main street and Patton avenue.
One result of the higher education ot
women He What are you reading,
His wife The latest society novel.
I'm just glancing through to see if it is
lit for you to read, dear !
''lie Ladle Delighted
The pleasant effect and the perfect safety
with which ladies may nsetheliquidfmit
laxative, Syrup of Figs, under all condi
tions make it their favorite remedy. It
is pleasing to the eye and to the taste,
gentle, yet effectual in acting on the kid
neys, liver and bowels.
Postmaster This letter is too heavy;
it wants another stamp. Country wo
man Why, that will make it heavier
See our neckwear and hosiery, equal to
large city assortments, at W'hitlock's.
THE BIG STORE
Bostic Bros. V Alright
Is now overflowing with the
irgest and prettiest stock of
Dry (ioods ever brought to
Henriettas, Cashmeres, Mo-
. s i , 1 T 11 11 J 1.
iair Uotii, junnee 10111,
Turner Goods, elvets,
Worsted, Eiderdown in all
olors, Renfrew Dress (Jing
All sorts of Notions, includ
ing Yankee Notions, and
some of the prettiest Notions
you ever Noted.
Some of the most Fascina
timr Never-Fail Fascinators
that ever Fascinated.
Hoods. Tobou'irans, and
Shawls in endless variety
The l irettiest line ot r Ian-
nels you ever saw.
lilankets, Quilts and Coun
Jeans and Cnssiineres.
(ients' Furnishing (iooth
in nnunnnnce. m-mii in. .you
up in a nice Suit or Mat, in
1 H' - li A.
any style you want.
We are Sole Agents for the
i 1 , 1 If L'l C. ...
celctirareu jjoitow oiioc iui
To arrive in a day or two
a full line of Ladies' latest
styles Walking Jackets.
200 prs. Ladies' and Misses'
Shoes, made by Ziegler Bros..
Philadelphia, which we will
close out at net cost.
In our Store you will find
the maximum of what you
want ami the minimum what
you don't want.
BOSTIC BROS. & Wit K SI IT,
No. 11 N. Court Square..
BOOKS AND STATIONERY
KKCIKKKKS' Sl l'Pl.IliS,
riCTCKliS AN1 FKAMliS,
IHll.l.S, TOYS AND GAMKS,
WKSTKRN J. C. BCKSKS,
WITH I'lloTlMiKAI'HIC ANIl HANK
i' A INT lib,
aa S. Main Street. -
OI K lil'SlXHSS,
OI'K STOCK OF
KXlVIiS, FORKS, SI'OONS,
ARTHUR M. FIELD,
THE GREATEST ATTRACTION
la that line lot of ENGLISH BRIDLES and
THREE-HORN CHAMOIS RBAT SADDLES
J. 91. ALEXANDER'S
And the low prices at which he Is selling all
goods in his line.
He has Increased his force and intends to
meet the demand.
Rev. C. I. Gibson. D. D., Prtersburi;,
Va., says: I have used Mrs. Joe Person's
Remedy tn my own family, and it gives
me pleasure to say it has proved a valu
able Tonic and Purifier of the Blood, and
if thoroughly tested, I think will remove
many cutaneous disorders.
Churchill J. Gibson,
Petersburg, Va., January 10, 1888.
We have just returned from
New York, and our goods
have commenced to arrive.
The handsomest lineof lland-
j Oriental Dentifrice, for
kerchiefs ever in Ashevillearecleaiisingdeleteriousdeposits
jfroin the Teeth, and ncutrnl
lizingacid secretions of the
! Mouth price 2." cents, at
now to be seen in our window
and the prices, we know,
ha ve never been equaled. A
big lot of I'ants are also in.
Wc have bought largely in
all lines, and shall be prepar-
(1 to offer some Bargains
which we have never before
matched. Don't buy ANY
TIIINd until vou visit the
'Backet Store." Don't buy
School Shoes, Hats,orCloth-
ing for the little (lirls and
Boys until you price ours.
'Money saved is money
Elegant Pharmaceuticals !
I?eef Wine and Iron Fer
rated Wine of Wild Cherry,
Cod Liver Oil with Hypo
phosphites and Pure Pepsin,
Elixir Valerianate of Ammo
nia, TnstclessCnstor Oil and
Calisaya Tonic, prepared in
our own laboratory by an
experienced Pharmacist. T.
C. Smith & Co.. Dispensing
Pluestone for soaking
Wheat at T. C. Smith & Co.'s
P. C. Smith & Co's Drugstore.
j Attention experts in smok
jing! T. C. Smith & Co. have
'another lot of "Five Kiev-
ens" just in the finest Five
Cent Cigar in Asheville. Cu
ban hand made..
All medicines en rcfHlly com
pounded at T. C. Smith cV
Co.'s Drug Store. Prescrip
tions prepared with scrupu
lous care by experienced and
Home-made! T. C. Smith
& Co.. are (ieneral Agents for
all Tobacco and Cigarsmade
in Asheville. especially Por
ter's Warrantee Cigars and
Hull's Fine Tobaccos.
J. V. SCHARTLE,
42 N. Main St.
FAMILY GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Agent for Ncems Creek
Asheville. N. C.
THE ASHEVILLE BRICK WORKS,
Asheville, N. C.
P. O. Box I".
A NEW KNTERFRISK.
Tin- llnnd Lnunrtry will open on Monday,
nt the foot of Mrs. WiN.m'n hill, under the
management of G. V. HigKins.
All work done neatly by hand.
The Best arc
Farrell & Co.,
GENERALCONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Mosaic Tile and Cement work a specialty.
Grates, Ranges and Boilers set.
B'rildinga moved and repaired in first class
Sewerage, Drainage and traps for the same
thoroughly understood and promptly at
Office: Wolfe Building. CourtHouse8quarc,
Asheville. N. C. may30dly
A large eleven room Brick House, together
with kitchen and servants' house and good
barn. Lot contains 2tj acres. Sewerageand
cood bath rooms. Completely furnish d in
every part. Likewise, a i-ood Piano, if
needed. Apply to
auaadtf NATT ATKINSON & SON.
CHAS, D. BLANTON & CO.,
MEN'S AND BOYS'
Our aim is to fill a long felt want in the city of AsheviU'e-,
and we will open about September 1, with the most com
plete line of Clothing for Men and Boys ever shown in this,
Our Mr. ('HAS. BLANTON goes to'Northern and East,
era markets with the ready cash which insures to the new
J flNANCIAt OlCCt''
THE YOUTHS', BOYS' AND CHILDREN'S
Will receive our special attention, and to this we wiTT: calT
the especial attention of Mothers. Sistcrs'and Aunts.
OUR GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS
Will be replete with nllthe Novelties of the season in tlits
way of Neckwear.
OUR HAT DEPARTMENT
Will receive due attention, mid in it can be found from the
conventional High Hat down to the Soft Knock-about.
We have already placed our order for 11 line of
MEN'S FINE SHOES
Witlrone of the most popular makers.
Our mode of business shall be ST1UCTLY ONE i'iUCE,
and all goods warranted as represented or money refunded.
Our opening will be announced in due time.
CHAS. D. BLANTON & CO.,
One Price Clothiers,
Asheville, N C.