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THE DAILY CITIZEN.
Tht Citizkn In the most extwislTtly circu
lated and widely read newspaper in Western
Its discussion of public mm and measures
is In the interest of public integrity, honest
rforernment, and prosperous industry, and it
knows no personal allegiance in treating pub
The Citiikn publishes the dispatches of the
Associated Presa, which now covers the
whole world In its scope. It has other fnrili
tks of advanced journalism for gathering
news from all quarters, with cvrrythinK care
tally edited to occupv the smallest space.
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ee to any one sending their address.
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ties wanting it will please call at the Citizkn
Advertising Ratks Reasonable, and made
knows on application at this office. All
transient advertisements must be paid in ad
vance. ,. ,
Reading notices ten cents per line. Obitu
ary, marriage and society notices fifty cents
each (not exceeding ten lines) or fifty cents
FRIDAY. SEPT. 27. 1S89.
GOOD UI'LF FORTH.
The question of deep and secure har
bors on the Gulf coast has never seemed
to have attracted the interest on the part
of the people or the government it merits.
The latter never seems to have fallen into
the idea that that coast is really an
American possession, to so late a period
was it under the control of foreign low
ers. The stiip of coast belonging to
Alabama and Mississippi represented
territory largely unsettled and with the
interior filled with an aboriginal hostile
population. Louisiana was not ceded to
the United States by France until 1S04,
Florida not until 1H19, and Texas did
not come in unincumbered and unques
tioned until after the close of the Mexican
war. And the States west of the Missis
sippi and about its head made compara
tively small progress in development ol
either population or industries until
within the past quarter of a century.
Within that lime, however, the Star ol
Umpire has made its way westward with
marvelous rapidity. The Gulf States have
become vast agricultural and industrial
hives, and the last acquisition, Texas,
has become in itself, a vast, populous.
and wealth v empire.
Primarily, the foundation of the wealth
and progress of this territory is agricul
ture: and agriculture, capable of bearing
the least diminution of its profits, natur
ally seeks the shortest and cheapest
.,iir. uf rrnnstmrtntion to the points ol
shipment. Water courses, abundantly
tributary to the Gulf, afford the natural.
and cheanest lines of direction to such
points of shipment ; but as these have de
fects in the insufficiency of water on tin
bars which lav at the mouths of all At
lantic and Gulf ports alike, and, as thesi
harbors are defective in protection
against storms, artificial and costly
nuiHes of transportation have been
adopted, and railroads are made t(
sweep off to the Atlantic ports that wliicl
would find shorter and more natural des
tination in those of the Gulf.
Nature has done no great deal to make
good harbors on that coast, and art but
little more. I'tnsacola has a line harbor.
but with no navigable stream. New Or
leans has lieen made accessible by tin
Ivads jetties. Hut with these two excep
tions, there is not a single port on the
Gulf that does not need, and is not enti
tled to, large public aid. The appropria
tions made by government lor harbor im
provement in this direction bear no com
parison to those made on the Atlantic.
Wise, not to say generous and impar
tial, foresight demands the attention ol
the government to this end. The Gulf ol
Mexico and the great Caribbean sea, an
great land locked waters washing the
tropical coasts of Mexico, Central and
South America, and the Great Antilles.
rich in those products most necessary to
man and most sought after by commerce.
A vast volume of interchangeable trade,
with liberal commercial regulations, can
lie built up between these countries and
our Grulf States, if their ports are procrly
opened and nrotected;andthisthe South
ern States can fairly claim as their right.
With their closer proximity, and greater
convenience of access to this neighboring
foreign business, they are justly entitled
to the profits to accrue from handling it.
It is as unwise as it is unjust to force
commerce to the distant and risky chan
nel of the Gulf stream, the Atlanticstorms
and the perils of the numerouscapes that
they find safe refuge in remote Northern
harbors prepared for it by the munificent
partiality of the general government.
That government owes something to
itself also in providing good safe harbors
on our Gulf coast, and to equip and
maintain navy yards of construction and
repair. It is compiled to keep a naval
force in the Gulf; in time of war, a large
one. The keys of the Gulf are held by for
eign powers; and during war, the Gull
can, and certainlv would be, closely
locked. Our ships either could not enter,
or if in, could not get out, In the event
of battle, they must have places of re-
luge, for repair and refitting, and more
than one such place.
This is a question of national as well as
Southern interest which we hope may
The Philadelphia Times criticises with
some severity a Mr. Richardson for the
publication of a novel of doubtful de
eency and morality ; and Mr. R. retorts
by saying that he learned his morality
and decency by newspaper work on the
Times itself, where liberties with both
decency and morality were not only tol
crated but enjoined to meet the populur
demand for the news, even if it did in
volve much that was offensive to sound
taste and good morals. Mr. Richard
son's retort involves the question of one
of the great evils in journalism, and also
the question of the independence of journ
alism in the selection of its subjects of
"news." If the popular taste is depraved,
if it demand sensational details that
hock morality and decency, is the news
paper bound to cater to it ? Is it com
pelled to fall into a nasty current to se
cure and maintain its popularity and
circulation ? On the contrary, is it not
bound to stem such current, and bring
back public taste and thought to better
and purer channels? That is our opin
ion; and we neJer have sacrificed, nor
ever propose tor sacrifice, what we con
sider the missif n and duty of journalism
to any sensatJvnalism, however fascinat
ing or popular. The journal, in its
proper conduct, is the universal educa
tor. Its language, its orthography, its
style, its information, its sentiments are
the infallible standards for youth. What
ever is read in the newspaper, of good or
of evil, makes its indelible impression.
The responsibility on the editor is graver
than he conceives it to lie. Each daily
or each weekly issue may lie of ephemeral
existence; but each word, each thought,
each sentiment, sinks deep into the mind
or heart of some, or many readers, there
to lodge, germinate and bring forth in
time fruit, whether of good or evil, is the
solemn responsibility of the editor.
The Wilmington Star has the following:
"The Harnet Courier dclilierately as
sens that Mr. I. T. Warren of that coun
ty 'has got turnips twenty-six inches
across.' Now we want to know what
kind of tape lines they use up there."
That is good ; but the modern Mun
chausen must hide their diminished
heads lieforc the older ones, We remem
ber reading in lnniel's Rural Sports, an
English work published in the early part
of the century, devoted to shooting and
fishing, and also to the productions and
marvels of some of the English counties,
accounts of the great fertility of some ol
those counties and the immense size ol
some of their vegetable products. There
was a turnip raised in Norfolk, a flat one.
of such dimensions that the top being
sliced off to form the cover of a deep dish
the body was scooped out and formed a
dish large enough to hold a leg of mutton,
which was baked and served in its novel
receptacle. There was an Irish potato,
raised ill one of the counties, of such size
that it could not be cooked whole, and
was chopped in pieces, the aggregate ol
which tilled a bushel measure. Alter
these siH'cimcns, the Harnett Courier
man scans a modest nivmuciii;
Gov. Jarvis, in declining the presidency
of the Agricultural College, to which he
was unanimously elected, stands before
the country as the sole example, at all
events in these titties, of an office seeking
the man, and couldn't find him. It is a
modesty, a self-disparagement so phe
nomenal as to cause men to stare with
incredulity. The comments ol the press
upon the incident are free and compli
mentary . The Macon Telegraph says:
One public man has been found who
has a modest opinion of his own capac
ity. He is ex-Governor Jarvis, ol North
Carolina. Recently he was elected presi
dent of the North Carolina Agricultural
;uid Mechanical College, ami declined to
accept the position t'nr the sole reason
that he does not feel qualified to till it.
Governor Jarvis ought to have a gold
medal surrounded with a wreath ol
The Alabama law is a good one in
cases of murder where insanity is alleged
as cause or exculpation of the crime. A
jury first investigates the question of in
sanity. If sustained, the party accused,
md so adjudged insane, is handed over
to the management of the Insane Asy
lum authorities. Otherwise, he is put on
trial as a criminal to abide by the evi
dence. This is meeting the case with
common sense, and closing a very disrep
utable ojicn door to escape.
Dr. Parker I'rays cream Van-Ola, Rosa
line, Ongaline and Diamond nail powder
having now become the ladies' favorites,
at F. L.Jacob's drug store, these popular
manicure articles may always lie found,
together with pocket emery board, or
ange wood sticks, nail scissors, files and
other such requisites. Also a complete
line of drugs and toilet articles, in addi
tion to the llelie Soda Fountain from
which ice cold drinks are disieiised. Cor
ner Main street and I'atton avenue.
Mary had a little lamb,
She has him now no longer,
For they made him up into e-lix-ir
To make her grandpa stronger.
'''lie I.aclieH Relighted
The pleasant effect and theiierfcct safety
with which ladies mav use tile-liquid fruit
laxative, Syrup of Figs, under all condi
tions make it their favorite remedy. It
is pleasing to the eve and to the taste.
gentle, yet effectual in acting on the kid
neys, liver and bowels.
Anions the new fall shades is the antc-
loe. It ought to be a last color, but
Ananias himself would hesitate to
warrant it not to run.
Centemcri and Harris kid gloves for
driving and street wear, at hitlock s.
Mother: lohnnv, can't vou keen your
shoes still ? Vou make me nervous!
lohnnv: I can't keep 'cm still! These
are "working shoes," ain't they ? That's
what you bought em for, anyway!
Advice to Mothers.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup should
always lie used lor children teething. It
soothes the child, softens the gums, al
lays all pains, cures wind colic, and is the
best remedy tor diarrmca. 2;c. a bottle.
Benevolent Old Gentleman: Going to
school, my lad ?
Urchin (promptly): Yes, sir; aside
joo, or a Cure.
For many years the manufacturers of
Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, who are
thoroughly responsible financially, as
any one can easily ascertain by enquiry,
have offered, through nearly every news
paper in the land, a standing reward of
$500 for a case of chronic nasal catarrh,
no matter how bad, or of how long
standing, which they cannot cure. The
Remedy is mild, soothing, cleansing an
tiseptic, and healing. Sold by all drug
gists, at 50 cents.
"James, yon have been fighting. I can
tell it by the look in your eye."
"Yes; but, mother, you should seethe
look in the other boy's eye."
Now is the proper season for fall over
coats and underwear. The best stock of
both at Whitlock's.
When courting a farmer's heiress, don't
tell her you love the ground she walks
on. She might construe it literally.
We are strong in black dress suits, cut
aways and Prince Alberts, at prices to
suit both rich and poor, at Whitlock's.
Customer These cuffs don't appear to
be reversible. Clerk No, sir. These are
what is called the self-respect brand.
Flam Ins; Fire In the Veins.
We hold positive proof that Acker'
English Blood Elixir cures all blood poi
sons where cheap sarsaparillas and so
called purifiers tail. Knowing this, we
will sell it to all who call at our store on
a positive guarantee. T. C. Smith & Co.
THE BIG STORE
Bostlc Bros. & Wright
Is now overflow ing with the
largest and prettiest stork of
Dry f oods ever brought to
Henriettas, Cashmeres, Mo
hair Cloth, Jubilee Cloth,
Turner Goods, Velvets,
Worsted. Eiderdown in all
colors, Renfrew Press (Jing
All sorts of Notions, includ
ing Yankee Notions, and
some of the prettiest Notions
you ever Noted.
Some of the most Fascina
ting Never-Fail Fascinators
that ever Fascinated.
Hoods, Toboggans, and
Shawls in endless variety.
The prettiest line of Flan
nels you ever saw.
Blankets, Quilts and Coun
leans and Cassimeres.
Gents' Furnishing (ioods
in abundance. "We can fit you
up in a nice Suit or Hat, in
any style you want.
We are Sole Agents for the
celebrated Morrow Shoes for
To arrive in a. day or two
a full line of Ladies' latest
styles Walking Jackets.
200 prs. Ladies' and Misses'
Shoes, made by Ziegler Uros.,
Philadelphia, which we will
close out nt net cost.
In our Store you will Hud
the maximum of what you
want and the minimum what
you don't want.
H0ST1C ItKOS. & WKKiHT,
No. 11 N. Court Square.
BOOKS AND STATIONERY,
ENOINliliRS' Sl l'Pl.IliS,
PICTCK15S AMI l'KAMIiS.
KI.A.NK llOOKSt.liVI HVCiHABK,
lilll.l.S, TOYS AM) liAMIiK.
WKSTKRN N. C. 8CENF.H,
2J 8. Main Street,
OI K Hl'SINUSS,
Wli 01' FUR
01'R STOCK OF
KNIVF.S, FORKS, SPOONS,
ARTHUR M. FIELD,
THE GREATEST ATTRACTION:
that fine lot of ENGLISH BRIDLES and
THRBB-KOKN CHAMOIS SEAT SADDLES
J. 91. ALEXANDER'S
And the low prices at which he la selling all
goods in his line.
He has increased his force and Intends to
meet the demand.
Mr. Cicero Barker of Salisbury, N. C,
says, when the choice of a blood purifier
is left to him by his customers he
always gives the preference to Mrs. Joe
We have just returned from
New York, and our goods
commenced to arrive.
The handsomest line of Hand
kerchiefs ever in Ashevillearc
now to be seen in our window
mid the prices, we know,
ha ve never been equaled. A
big lot of Pants are also in.
Wo have bought largely in
all lines, and shall be prepar
ed to offer some Bargains
which we have never before
j matched. Don't buy ANY-
THING until you visit the
"Racket Store." Don't buy
School Shoes, Hats, or Cloth-
ing for the little (Jirls and
Boys until you ."price ours.
"Money saved is money
Elegant Pharmaceuticals !
Reef Wine and Iron! Fer-
rated Wine of Wild Cherry,
Cod Liver Oil with Hypo
phosphites and Pure Pejtsin,
Elixir Valerianate of Ammo
nia., TastelessCastor Oil and
Calisaya Tonic, prepared in
our own laboratory by an
experienced Pharmacist. T.
C. Smith & Co., Dispensing
Uluestone for soaking
Wheat at T. C. Smith &Co.'s
Oriental Dentifrice, for
cleansing deleterious deposits
from the Teeth, and neutral
izing acid secretions of the
Mouth price 25 cents, at
T. ( '. Smith & Co"s Drugstore.
Attention experts in smok
ing! T. C. Smith & Co. have
another lot of "Five Elev
ens" just in the finest Five
Cent Cigar in Asheville. Cu
ban hand made.,
All medicines carefully com
pounded at T. C. Smith &
Co.'s Drug Store. Prescrip
tions prepared with scrupu
lous care by experienced find
Home-made! T. C. Smith
& Co.. are General Agents for
si 1 1 Tobacco and Cigarsmnde
in Asheville, especially Por
ter's Warrantee Cigars and
Hull's Fine Tobaccos.
J. V. SCHARTLE,
42 N. Main St.
FAMILY GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Axent for Rcetns Creek Woolen Mills.
North Mnln - Asheville, N. C
VVM. R, PEN N1MAN
THE ASHEVILLE BRICK WORKS,
Aebeville, N. C.
p. o. box r.
A NEW KNTKttPRISK.
The Hand Laundry will open on Monday,
At the foot of Mrs. Wilson's hill, under the
management of G. W. HigKns.
All work done neatly by hand.
The Best are
Farrell & Co.,
GENERAL CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Mosaic Tile and Cement work a specialty.
Grate. Ranges and Boilers set.
Bulldinxa moved and repaired in first doss
Sewerage, Drainage and traps for the same
thoroughly understood and promptly at
Office: Wolfe Building, Court House Square,
Asheville, N. C. tnaySOdly
A large eleven room Brick House, together
with kitchen and servants' house and rood
barn. Lot contains 2V4 acres. Sewerage and
rood bath rooms. Completely furnlvh 4 in
every part. Likewise, a good Piaao, if
needed. Apply to
au23 dtf NATT ATKINSON SON.
CIIAS, D. BLANTON & CO.,
MEN'S AND BOYS'
Our aim is to fill a long- felt want in tin? city of Asheville,
ami we will open about September 1, with the most com
plete line of Clothing- for Men and Boys ever shown in this
Our Mr. ("HAS. HLANTON goes to Northern and East
ern markets with the ready nsh which insures to the new
i Financial ucce;
THE YOUTHS', BOYS' AND CHILDREN'S
Will receive our special attention, and to this we will call,
the especial attention of Mothers, Sisters and Aunts.
w. I J
OUR GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS
Will be replete with nil the Novelties of the season in the
way of Neckwear.
OUR HAT DEPARTMENT
Will receive due attention, and in it can be found from the
conventional High Hat down to the Soft Knock-about.
We have already placed our order for a line of
MEN'S FINE SHOES
With one of the most popular makers
Our mode of business shall be STRICTLY ONE i'jUC'IC,
and all goods warranted as represented or money refunded.
Our opening will be announced in due time.
CHAS. D. BLANTON & CO.,
One Price Clothiers,
Asheville. N C,