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THK DAILY CITIZEN.
The Citizen Is the most extensively etreu
lateil and widely read newspaper In Western
Iti discussion of public men and mensures
Is In the interest of pulilk intrinitv. honet
fovemment, and prnsicrous industry, and it
nows no personal allcgiuncein treating pub
The ClTIZKN publishes the di)atchra of the
Associated I'ress, which now nivrn the
whole world in ila scui. It has other fncili
tk of advanced juumnliain lor iritthi-rinii
newa from all qunrtcrs, with everything care
fully edited to occupy the smallest space.
KH-cinicn copies ol'anv edition will lie aent
f-ee to nny ine acmliiiie their address.
Tknus Huilv, $ii tor one vrnr; $A for six
months ; flo cents tor one month ; 1 5 ceutstor
one week. Carriers will deliver the paper in
every part of the city to subscribers, and par
ties wanting it will please cull ut the ClTIZKN
AliVRRTiaiNn Ratks Reasonable, and made
known on application at this ollice. All
transient advertisements muat be paiil in nd
vance. l:cnriinjr noticea ten cents ter line. Obitu
ary, marriage mid socictv notice rift v ceiilx
each t not exceeding ten liueai or littv cents
Tl'KSHAY, OCTOISKK l.". INS'...
THK Jl'KV HVHTrin,
We find the InllowiiiK "chunk ' wis
dom" in the Siilfin Kvvtiiiitf News, piili
Hulled way iti yiuuler in the liinil il
wile he raft, Inn showing an c 11 1 e.-r i n:
of the old sound sense which ante-dalcil
the absurd delusion which exK-llcil in
solid body justice, humanity anil com
moti sense. The New s says :
Hy oneufthf provisions ol the Id alio
constitution, which has just K'cti
adopted, two-thinls ot a jury may con
vicl.or aciiiit,ot' render a verdict, the
same as il the entire twelve had agreed.
In fietieral the jury system is in decid
edly, we may say deservedly. kul odor
at present, and il is a iiicstion if an in
novation to this elicit all around would
not tend in part to that improvement in
methods which the proper administr.i
tratioti of law and the cuds of justice iin
10 no a step farther, would it not also
lie well to do away with those invidious
exemptions thronh which hosts id pen
pie in diflcreut walks oi hie are now ena
bled to escape jury dut at. -ill v Inciden
tally, it may lie remarked ihal these
classes comprise the very citizens who li
training, ipiahlicatioii and tcmpcratuenl
are I icst equipped to render satisfaelorv
service in this ipuirter. Hut they are
strangers to the jury box, and no ex
tended arguments are reipiired to show
the general advantage that would ac
eure were they reipiired to devote a por
tion of their time and talents to labor in
this field. Matters have been steadilt
drifting to the worse, and changes such
as are proposed above could not opcrati
in any other way than to hasten that re
form which all yood men hoie to soon
see brought about.
It is a humiliating confession to make
in this ufje of vain glorious cnli,i;htcn.
ment that the jury system, one of the
finest illustrations to lie found in human
social organization of wisdom, fairness
andjnstice combined, has fallen so largely
into a degradation which might charac
terize it as the invention ol ignorant
credulous barbarians, sclccing the ob
scure elements of chance or ignorance as
the decisive arbiters on the issues ol hu
man life or rights. The adoption of the
idea of trial by jury was an emanation
puculiarly from Anglo-Saxon thought
and temper. It had no place, at least in
existing form and principle, in ancient ju
risprudence, nor hail it taken possession
of the thought of the modern nations oi
Latin origin. It is found in the intuitive
perception of fairness and justice and in
the spirit of liberty which disdained to
submit grave issues involving lile and
property, to the arbitrary decision of a
monarch, or to a ser ile and partial trib
unal delegated by liim. I lisputcd facts,
under our jury system, were to be re
ferred to the impartial judgment of a de
fined number of men of average intelli
gence, and certain other cpialiticatious in
dispensable to the attainment of justice
And in this original idea of trial by jurv.
human wisdom, in relation to the regu
lation of human affairs, never aimed at a
higher flight, attainable, however, only
by adherence to the original ideas oi
purity, impartiality and a fair degree ol
From these, however, modern practice
has so widely departed as to have brought
the system, if not into contempt, ut
east into Mistrust, u nen men are care
fully sifted out from the body of their
fellow men with studied reference to the
density of their ignorance, when they are
selected with careful ascertainment of
their "favor or affection" for a prisoner
at the bar, or for prejudices which would
prove insurmountable barrier to a fair
judgment; or, as often thecase, when they
are taken from a body of mercenaries
hanging about the court houses waiting
to be picked up as professional jurors,
the wonder ceases to exist that the action
of juries is not always accepted as the
voice of purity and wisdom, or entitled
to the sanctity with which time, tradi
tion and long usage have invested it.
Abstractly, the system is as nearly per
fect as hitman wisdom could devise.
I'nder it, subjects in controversy, the
questions of life or property, are pre
sented to the patient, deliberate scrutiny
of twelve minds viewing the question in
all the many aspects, in all the lightsand
shades, in all its relations of value or
triviality, in which a subject can lie pre
sented to so many different minds, form
ing conclusions from so many different
points of view and judgment. With im
partial and unbiased minds, with reason.
able degree of intelligence, and with due
sense of responsibility, the jury system
might be wisely left as originally con
structed with the adoption of such
changes as commend themselves to rea
son, and which experience has demon
strated to be neeessarv.
There is absurdity in adherence to the
requirement of unanimity. It may offend
the sense of reverence which invests all
that is hoary with time with popular
and judicial sanctity. But unanimity is
not a human facultv. It is not so much
the pride of individual opinion as the ut
terly impossible attainment of the idea
that any body of men see or think ex
actly alike. To shut twelve men up in a
jury box, to shut them out from contact
wan oinem, r.o starve tnem ana coerce
them to think as one man, isas irrational
as the puerile labor of Charles V to make
an indefinite number of watches keep ex
actly the same time.
We have drawn most of our precedents
and practice from English laws and prec
edents l he bngltsh are the most inflex
ibly conservative people on earth. They
hold on to good and bad alike. The
Americans, free to adopt from all people
whntever is best adapted to their condi
tions, have in most things moulded their
legal forms into simple, practical, business-like
similes; all, except their petit
jury system. They still aim at the im
practicable attainment of a voluntary
unanimity; failing in that, they enforce a
unanimity, sometimes to the wrong of
the accused ; oftcner to the total defeat of
justice, or of the cuds aimed at by jury
The adoption of the Scotch system,
under which a verdict is reached by a ma
jority of nine out of the twelve jurors,
would come near to solving some of the
difficulties which now embarrass the prcs
I'nt practice of our courts, criminal and
Ol K KAII.KOAIi PROGKKiiH,
From cast to west in North Carolina,
from the sea coast to the mountains,
there is very much to gratify the pride of
Ninth Ciiroliiiiaiis.atid strengthen the be
lief that the whole State will soon have
supplied all its deficiencies in interior
communications, have taken judicious
steps to build up its own seaports, and
at the same time enlarged its alliances
with the great exterior lines of communi
cation. Cheerful information greets us
Iroin every quarter. Prom Wilmington
conies the announcement that thirty-one
miles of the Fayctteville and Wilmington
branch ofthcCaie Fear and Yadkin Val
ley road is complete, and that the whole
distance of eighty miles will probably be
completed by the first of the coming Jan
uary, thus forming a new avenue, within
the Slate to the mountain country. We
also learn that the dirt has been broken
for the Wilmington and Onslow line,
road which will eventually be extended
to the Virginia line, thtisforminganother
important passway across the State par
allel with and near the coast with its
chief terminus at the greatest seaport in
our territory. Anil again we learn that
the hopes of the construction of a line
from the harbor of Southport. at the
mouth of the Cape Fear river, to Bristol,
Tcim., were never stronger or brighter.
Such road may possibly pass through
shcville. by what is the most direct
route. Then there is the Lynchburg anil
Ihirham road, now being pushed to com
pletion, to open up ai'.othergrcat interior
highway. Ihirham is now the proposed
southern terminus. Fayctteville may be
the ultimate one. Then there is the At
lantic anil lianville road which skirls the
northern bonleis of the State, dipping
:nto several counties heretofore denied
railroad facilities. Thcicisthc Roanoke
viutliern liemg extended rapidly Irom
Winston north, to give that important
town a very valuable new line; and also
the road front Winston to Wilkesboro,
also being built with great rapidity, and
reaching into a very productive moun
tain and piedmont section. We noticed
a tew days ago the letting out of the
contract of the Three Cs line from Kuth
.Tlonlt.iii to Marion, and the probable
speedy giving out of the contract from
the latter point to the Tennessee line
another great channel oiencd across the
State from the Ohio valley to the Atlan
tic coast. Here in Ashcvillc. we seem to
be on the verge of an altogether new en
terprisethe building ol the Atlanta.
Ashcvillc and Haltimorc road, one of
the most important undertakings of this
active period. If this we mav have some
thing to sav elsewhere.
This is not the least of our hopes, nor
the proudest of our expectations; and
taken together with the other works re
icrreil to present a record of energy and
sagacity very gratifying to State pride.
THE BIG STORE
Bostlc Bros. & Wright
lis now overflowing with the
largest and prettiest stock of
Dry fioods ever brought to
Henriettas, Cashmeres, Mo
hair (loth, Jubilee Cloth,
Turner (ioods, Velvets,
Worsted, Eiderdown in all
colors, Renfrew Dress (Jing
The Fayetteville Observer comes tons
as a semi-weekly, a very handsomely
printed and ably prepared sheet, honor
able to the editors, who so ably second
the reviving prosperity of the town thev
The North State Artisan is a very ele
gantly printed and ably edited monthly
publication just issued from the press of
.Mr. II. b. Sceman. at Iiitrhatn, N. C. It
i ucvoieu 10 me manuiacturing, mining
and agricultural interests of the State
.inn i ue nrst numoer lnnicates that it
will perform its duty with judicious de
votion. Nowhere is there issncd a more
beautifully pruned or elegant "make up"
than we find in the first number of the
Artisan. The price is only $1 a year. We
thank Mr. Seeman for his advertisement
of Tmk Citizkn, but beg leave to call his
attention to one error. He ciyes the
price of our Weekv $1. It is $1.1 "ill. The
rest is right, with'thanks.
NOTIONS ! NOTIONS !
All sorts of Notions, includ
ing Yankee Notions, and
some of the prettiest Notions
you ever Noted.
Some of the most Fascina
ting Never-Fail Fascinators
that ever Fascinated.
Hoods, Toboggans, and
.Shawls in endless variety.
The prettiest line of Flan
nels you ever saw.
Blankets, Quilts and Coun
terpanes. Jeans and Cassimeres.
dents I' uniisliing (ioods
in abundance. We can fit von
up in ii nice Suit or Hat, in
any style you want.
We are Sole Agents for the
celebrated Morrow Shoes for
To arrive in a day or two
a full line of Ladies' latest
styles Walking Jackets.
200 prs. Ladies' and Misses'
Shoes, ma.de by Ziegler Bros.,
Philadelphia, which we will
close out at net cost.
In our Store you will find
the- maximum of what you
want and the minimum what
you don t want.
B0ST1CBR0S. & WRIGHT,
No. 11 N. Court Square.
BOOKS AND STATIONERY,
ENC.INliKHS' SI I'I'I.IKS,
riCTCRKS AND PKAMBS,
IIOl.LS, TOYS AND GAMES,
WESTKRN I. C. SCIiNKH,
MOTH I'llilTllCHAI'HlC AND HAND.
2a S. Main Street.
OI K Hl'SIXUSS,
Dr. Ciuillntine, the French philanthropic
surgeon, in vented the instrument of ilcath
whtch hears his name to mitigate the
barbarities of decapitation, the national
punishment, by the sword or the axe.
He was among the first in the French
revolution, to test the efficacy of his
vention tried on his own neck with per
fect success. Someone in the same kindly
spirit with Dr. Guillotine, devised death
by electricity as a substitute for hanging
on the gallows. Electricity goes on kill
ing and to kill, in its own independent
motion, without awaiting the legal test.
It kills with certainty, of which there
every day decided proof. Now let the
inventor of the electric mode of execution
come out bravely like his French proto
type, nnn sunmit himself as an example
ol what can lie done secunrlem Hrtcm
OCR STOCK OF
KNIVES, FORKS, SPOONS,
ARTHUR M. FIELD,
Our floods are all in and
we are now ready to meet
anybody's juices. We have
some of the best bargains in
DressGoods, Shoes and Hats
we have ever offered. In
Blankets, Comforts and Bed
Spreads we are prepared to
offer some special prices.
Shawls to sell at prices
cheaper than we ever have
been able to buy tlii'in ut br
tbiv. We sell no oods at
cost or iiiiilff just to (xt't you
in our store and then make
it up on you in other things,
by charjiiiifi' two prices for
something that you do not
know the real value of. We
sell rvrrytliinx at a small
profit, and our facilities for
buying being better than
those of any store in North
Carolina., except "Rouss'
Racket Stores," ue run ;in
do undersell anybody in
Asheville on Dress (ioodsj
Shoes, Hats, Tinware, No
tions. Glassware, Tools.
Clothing. Lamps, Lamp
Chimneys, Shawls, Blankets,
etc., etc. Yard-wide Factory
Cloth find Graham's Plaids
or Homespuns some sell for
less than cost hut skin yon
hi otlirr things. Our advice,
is, buy Homespun and Plaids
;is cheap as you can, being
careful to see that each yard
measures fl(j inches, but when
you have bought that
No man will lose money on
you, and when one offers
goods below cost at whole
sale, buy thrm, but don't
touch them in other goods.
I'se common sense, price
around, and where you are
offered the best bargains
We can sell you a solk;
Woman's Shoe for .ftl, wel
worth 1.40. ii Child 'sSc.hoo
.-Mioeior-iM tn.it you cannot
match for fl in Asheville
a Mat lor .(c. that others
ask Hoc. to 1 for. We have
fin Old Ladies' Shoeforfl .oO
that will please every tender-
footed niiddle-au-ed or oh
Lady in the hind and be a
source of solid comfort to her.
wui juni s in i op ior jfiz in
i i i
undress or i.iice mis given
better satisfaction than any
shoe we ever sold. We have
a line of Dress Goods from
lOc.up that is astonishing
in Ufdity, for the price, a
line of Dress Alpacas at 30c,
all colors, of Flannels in large
plaids at MOc., of Mohairs in
greys at 20, and of Tricots
at 48c, we guarantee will not
be equalled in this town. We
especially invite the Ladies
to fall and see our Silks for
fancy work, chentlles, ban
gles, arasenes, wools, knit
ting and embroidery silks.
We are also prepared to do
stamping on Linen, Plush,
el vet and Felt, at prices
away below, those charged
by others. V e have a beau-
ns. All the
1XROPI AN PLAN.
9Iials at all Hour. Electric
Cars Past tlic Door.
I take pint sun in .mmnineinK the Oyster
Season of 1 MNi)-'io lins opencil, and my long
exierience in the business JustitieH me In
.issiirinK the public that I can please and sat
isfy ull customers.. I will serve oysters in the
best style, and ilealtiiK only with reliable,
houses, can offer the finest bivalves on the
market. Try our
Or Pan Roust. Boston Rav Stews a specialty.
Great care w ill be taken with all orders 1
nc'1 only the finest mid freshest oysters that
can he had. I receive shipments direct from
packers every afternoon. Charges reason
able. My restaurant is also supplied with
BIRDS, GAME, FRESH FISH, ETC.,
At nil times. Special Attention Riven to lady
customers. Polite and attentive waiters.
Hoard by day, week or month with or with
out rooms. If you want the best the market
affords call on
E. STRAI NS, Proper.,
South Main Street.
CHAS. D. BLANTON & CO.
MEN'S AND BOYS'
NKW HOUSK! NBWI. FURNISHED I
ALL MODKRN IMPROVEMENTS.
MRS. N. B. ATKINSON,
No. ail Haywood Street.
A InrKC house, ItlK I'nttnn nvrniic. Wnrnl,
cnmfortHhle rooms. Oil street enr line.
oets dtitn MRS. J, 1.. SXIATHHKS.
' MRS. S. STEVENSON
Mas removed to the Johnston Htiildinjf, Iat
ton avenue, corner of Church street u-herp
she is prepared to keep regular or transient
boarders. Table furnished with th Uout .
market affords. Terms reasonable. mar.Slmft
ROUND KNOB HOTEL
McDowell Co., X. C.
(Situnted on the W. N. C. K. R. An hour's j
rlile trom Asheville. I
Pirst elass in every respeet. Mineral witters
I.lthin. Iron, Alum and Iron. Red nnd
White Sulphur nnd Mnjrnesin.
The most picturesque spot in Western
Parties leaving Asheville on the I SI! p. in.
trnin can have dinner on their arrival by tel.
ecraphiiiK from the depot.
Terms reasonable Seeial rates to fainlj j
Our iiim is to fill n long- felt want in the city of Ashcvillc.,
mid we will open about September 1, with the most com
plete line of Clothing for Men and Hoys ever shown in this;
Our Mr. ( HAS. IJLANTON focH to Northern mid East
ern markets with the ready cash which insures to the new-business
ft FlNANCIAl UCCCfV
J. Bulow Erwln,
J. W. SCIIARTLE,
42 N. main St.
FAMILY GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Afrent for Reems Creek Woolen Mills.
North Mnin . Asheville. N. C.
THE YOUTHS', BOYS' AND CHILDREN
Will receive our special attention, and to this
the especial attention of Mothers,
we wilt cmU
THE ASHEVILLE BRICK WORKS
Asheville, N. C.
p. O. Box p.
GENERAL CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Mosaic Tile and Cement work a specialty.
Grates, Ranges and Boilers set.
Buildings moved and repaired in first class
Sewerage, Drainage and traps for the snme
thoroughly understood and promptly at
Ollice: Wolfe Building, Court House Snnnre
Asheville, N. C, . n.vaHi..
V 1 o.VV 1 rvi
OUR GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS
Will be replete with all the Novelties of tf ie
way of Neckwear.
sen son in the
THE GREATEST ATTRACTION Z . .I."
Dr. Parker I'rnv. cream V,.n.m p..... . .. . - .. ' ""r 1'"-'
- wsu. i in inar nn lr nt I W M 1 1 DDIMT rro 1 ...
line, Ongaline nnd Diamond nail powder mw pietWM OOUgllt in (Septem
i i n h n nsi riiJKm i n 4 ti i 1 1 ifcra u i mil do i t -
having now Iwcome the ladies' favorites, Der mid ITUarantee Hflt sfar
r.JH.0r.u.ne popui, tioii. We have a Kid Glove
" J '"uuu, I. m. AI.KX Il..l . J
toKether with pocket emery board, or- 1,iwK Im Aans Uttflthat
ange wood sticks, nail scissors, files and Kai th' low ficn at which he is selling all takes the fanCV of everv ladv
other such requisites. Also a complete good. In hi. line. who has Seen them. The best
...n.v.i uiiiNouiiuiuiiu MnmcB, in audi-1 I v. . ji . x r un
tiontotbe Hebe Soda Fountain frmJ H Hi. for and Intend, to W tOrHet for 0c. that
which ice cold drinks are dispensed. Cor-1 the demand. 'N1H ever been Shown 111 Ashe-
ner Main street and Patton avenue. satisfaction GtrARANTuun ville Under $1.25. Cnmftnnrl
- - " w4M
The next Commissioner of Pensions Is I OxviiRn. V. c. Info ia i uuu i S
nreservinir a diswrr. I I . . r ' , . I
i , . ! cimjii niuiiuin
Or tte Liqaor Habit, Positively Tr5
.WJiii." ,.u .a n cur , t,e found from (Le
wreck, it nfvf. can m iv. rst i .
To Dlapel Colds,
ll..,.,trw l.U a.,A . 1 .l. ..i..
" " ' w vicing incsnic. j ii m vc ior some time n,
Bvaicin ciievLuauv, vet eent V. When coa- troubled with Hhriimnrisn. ..J i
l.u. .......us, ui wncn me diooq is im- eruption ot the skin on the chest and
Hu,t u, ..uiiii, iu pcmianentiv cure snouiaers wnicD was very annoying 1
habitual constipation, to awaken the used your Remedy, and hare been en-
kidneys and liver to a healthy activity, tirely cured of the skin disease, and very
without imtfltinor ir u..i b.. I.. I I. i: i r -1 t, J
ii, ,UUW ieiicioi w i. iic Kneumatism.
use Syrup of Figs. Gho. b Kha vb
Person iMadam; As I huve been very rm- tj
much benefited by the use of vour R. UUf ISeW DlfiT Stock.
eily, I think it my duty to testify to the . .
i nave tor some time nast been I -Mm leam. Our nriCPK lietnt-o
you buy elsewhere.
GEO. T. JONES & CO.
N. Y. Office, 466 Broadway.
FOR UBJ ONLY!
I POSITIVE "W?Iw?ArtIK( MANHOOD,
CUBE !fri?'M td:Kn-iS
thMlalpIr nlkllhs HOHK TRKATSKST S.t. u. ?V
"rn. iw. st. hii . iZSSZi !IiS3KSl5
sapd u sams witk
Oatpaln, Book of nu.
tn th at
TLAKTIC COAST UNB
On and aftr hl .1..- . ...
nle. will be ran ovW 7" KWS 1:
No. 63-L,t. ColanTlrfaV. 8 iA
no. 8.T;e72hir-:::::: ? To t
point, on the Charlotte. ColnmW. V?
J. r. DBVI.NB. Gen. Snpi,
OUR HAT DEPARTMENT
eive due nttention, and in it oai i be found fn
fonventionaJ High Hat down to the S ft Knock-about.
We have already placed our rder for n line of
MEN'S PINE SHOES
With one of the most popular makers;
Our mode of business shall be STRICTLY ONE WUCE,
and all goods warranted
uh represented or money refundetl.
Our opening will be announced in due time.
CHAS. D. BLANTON & CO..
One Price Clothiers,
Patton Avenue, - - AshevUle, IS C.