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THE DAILY CITIZEN
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THE DAILY CITI
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ASHEVILLE, N. C, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1889.
VlttlllCATlUt 111' A TKNSil
HKAM WHO KNOWH I H.
A "me People, a llnive People,
a Moral People, not OnnoxloiiM
to the Hlauder or tlie Hlrtlenie
or TlioniclitlvHH ttcrlhblern.
The following extracts from mi utile
com in 1111k n lion to the Nashville Herald,
we take miieh pleasure in ri'pn nl in inn
They lire from the cii of Mr. J. A. Irvine,
of Columbia, Term., for I he hint eight
years engaged in this section in tin
IiiiiiIkt business. Me knows the H'opli
- well, he understands them, and he up
1'reciates them. Wi thank him for his
manly vindication. It is truthful. We
also know tlie cople of Western North
Carolina. Wehave mingled freely among
them. They are n true people, with brave
honest, unsophisticated hearts, it maybe,
with unsophisticated ways, lint a belter,
more law abiding, more teniierate, ami
more religiously inclined K'ople nowhere
e omit a part ol the commiiiiicaliiiii
in this issue on account of its length. Wi
will publish a portion of the omitted
part hereafter. Cmzi-x.
The mountains of North Carolina have
wililin the last year or two become a
fruitful theme lor the writers ol character
du tches, and quaint ami old fashioned
stories, and of variousdcscriptivc articles
ol a more or less sensational character.
The state, although one of the original
thirteen, has not kept its pace in the lint
nl progress, wealth and general pros
pcrity with many of the others in the
union; but in spite of all this it certainly
iloes not deserve the evil repute it has re
eeived through the many articles written
about it, some false, some malicious, and
others, while true as far as the facts re
lated, are calculated to leave ail entirely
erroneous impression with the reader.
The scenes described and the tiialccU
used arc such as to convey to the mind
a picture of uncouth and primitive lite,
embellished by acts of barbarity, suf
ficient to disgrace any civilized com
munity. The ieople are pictured as
shaking an almost unintelligible jargon.
01 winch vouuiis and "wcuns lorms
an important part., Their homes, mere
huts: their ambition, to five withoui
work or worry ; their desires, moderate
anil easily satisfied. They are described
as the ideal of a primitive man, good
nalured, but lawless; content in squalid
poverty and most revolting ignorance;
generous and hospitable to strangers,
but cruel and even brutal to supposed
enemies; to be free from the vices of civ
ilzntion. but to know none of its bless
ings; to be happy with enough to satisfy
their hunger ami a roof to cover their
head in bad weather.
I am a Tennessean, and for eight years
have roamed o'er mountain ami valley
buying walnut timber. Local pride has
not blinded me to these people's short
comings and I cannot be accused of not
being thoroughly familiar with my sub
ject. The counties of HuneomlH', Hay
wood, Jackson, Swain and Macon are as
familiar to me as was to me in my boy
hood days the Tennessee farm on which
1 was raised. A desire to tit) justice to
these people prompts me to write this.
The mineral and timber wealth of these
mountains are inviting fields for capital ;
but alas capital is al aid. It fears for
its safety and that of its possessor in a
land described only as the home of the
hunter, the moonshiner and the beasts of
the forest, a land where the murder of an
officer is considered a justifiable homicide,
a land where barbarians live, surrounded
by our civilized communities.
The timber wealth of this land is great.
To-tiny it forms the chief product sent
out to the outside world. Walnut,
cherry, poplar, ash anil oak are shipped
out by the millions ol feet, and there are
still billions of led to beshipped. Tcnnes
seans were the pioneer lumbermen of this
rile farmers here are not rich, luu
prosperous. They raise large ami cli
vcrsilietl crops on their mountain slopes
iiiitl bottom lantls. I'ltey arc ir.tlepcntl
cut, free from debt. They raise and
manufacture ail they need, Money has
lost many of its charms here, because
the want of it is not so keenly fell in a
I.. nil where the people live well upon
what they themselves raise. Lacli far
mer is a little monarch, his farm his
kingdom, ami he has none but his God
over him as long as he violates no law.
A trip to this much abused section would
he ti valuable object lesson to many a
stout hern planter, especially in the cot
ton states, where he is th- slave ol his
merchant, of whom he buys all he con
mimes and only raising one crop ami
that cotton. Here the tanner is king
and not the exhorting merchant.
Ktlueation, too, is on a higher plane
than commonly supposed. All have the
elements tif a rudimentary education.
School-houses are very numerous; tar
more so than in the rural regions of Ten
nessee and Alabama. Churches and re
ligious assemblies ure common, and, as a
general rule, the people try to live up
to what they hear on Sunday for the re
maining six days of the week.
Scenes of ignorance and poverty and
lack of ambition and thrift do exist, but
where can they not lie found ? Go to the
slums of our large cities. Look at the
notorious old "Mack Bottom" of Nash
ville; but still it would lie a manifest in
justice to give a scene from any of these
localities as typical of an entire city, or
conveying the impression that they were
the rule, and something lietter were an
exception. Illicit stills are very rare on
this side of the mountains. The people
are law abiding ami even exacting in the
execution of their laws. To prove this I
will cite an instance. Two weeks ago at
the court at Webster a person was on
t riiil for resisting a tax collector with a
grubbing hoe. The jury, after being out
five minutes returned a verdict ol "not
guiltv." Sheriff McClain had allowed
Lie accused to leave the court house
lielore tlie verdict was returned. On the
strength of tnis the sheriff wus' indicted,
tried and convicted on the charge t.f
allowing a prisoner to escape. Cases of
similar stringency are very common.
Killing or personal violence is nearly nn
There arc two articles upon which I
wishtospe.ik Itelorc 1 leave off on ti is
particular chapter. One apiieared in the
Chicago Times, giving names ot persons
aud claiming thai the incidents happened
between the Smoky and Nantahala
mountains. ' 1 am familiar with this
,...., ivrsons by the names given
live in the valley. The writer claims;
that he witnessed instances where wo
men were bartered tor cattle, guns and
dogs. That they were regarded in the
light of personal property by their lords
and masters, to be disposed ot as he saw
fit, sold, exchanged and bartered lor as
articles of merchandise in the same way
as is saitl to occur among the barbarous
tribes of Tariary. This article is an
absolute falsehood and a great injustice
to the prosK'roiis, religious ami law
abiding community that dwell in that
Another article is that on thc'clay
ea let s of North Carolina., I have been
through many eaves ami valleys ami on
many mountain tops. I never found one
of them or anybody who hint. Sonic
modern, inglorious "Munchausen" has
transferred them from the valley of the
Orinoco into old North Carolina in order
lo impose upon the public anil some
publisher an article copied from a school
geography, merely transplanted to a soil
THIS CATHOLIC CIINTKNNIAI,.
Another I'onvreMH lo be Held in
I he Year iti.
IIai.timokk, Novcnilicr 12. After the
recess the committee on futureeongresses
was appointed as follows: John Icc
Carroll, ot llaltunore; lames II. Dormer,
Alabama; II. J. Spounliarsh, St. Louis;
I'atrick I'arrclly.New York; W.I), Fniins
lev, Ft. Wavne, Ind. ; olm M. Keilcv,
ISrooklyn; W. I.. Kelley,St. I'aul; W. j.
Harrison, New Hampshire; Morgan
O'Brien, New York ; John Boyle O'Kiley,
Bostnii; W. J. Oiiuhuu, Chicago; Thus.
J. Seinmes, New Orleans.
Joseph . O'llonnohue, of New York,
chairman of the committee to wait on
President Harrison nl Washington ami
invite him lo he present, reported that
the committee hail just returned from
Washington and were proud to say, they
had been received cordially ami hand
somely by i he Chief Magistrate of the
nation. Cheers. I
President Harrison said, that if it were
not that lie was pupating his message
he would accept the invitation gladly,
and in any event, he would he with the
delegates in Washington to-morrow at
the dedication of the gre.il new uni
versity. The report waseuthnsiaslieally
received, ami the obligations of the con
gress to the president and the committee
was expressed hv cheers ami a rising
The reading of papers was then re
sumed, lite authors ami their topics
lieing as follows: George i. Wolfe, Phil
adclphia, "The Catholic I'ress"; Richard
11. Clark, New York, "What Catholics
have done in the last hundred years";
William 1,. Kelley, St. Paul, "Religion in
IMucnliou" ; II. J . Spounharst, St. I.ouis,
"Societies"; Comic I'. I'alin, St. I.ouis,
"Catholic American Literature"; M. B.
Tiler, Cleveland, "Sunday Observances";
William Richards. Washington. "Labor
ami Capital" ; Prolcssnr Herman Allen,
Chicago, "Church Music"; John II.
Campbell, Philadelphia, "Temperance."
Kdinond L. Dunne, of Florida, treated
extemporaneously hie subject, "The Right
ol the State ill liduentioii." His humor
ous asides nut! digressions, ami the first
laughter provoking element introduced
ill the proceedings, so caught the dele
gates, that his time was extended over
ami over by general consent. Keccnt
events in Boston were particularly the
target f his sarcasm.
When the sieech was finally concluded
Dunne was wildly applauded. The vice
presidents ami dignitaries on the plat
loi in vied in crowding around him aud
congratulating htm, and the delegates
gave him the tirst recall accorded to any
Mayor l.atrohe, who hail been invited
to be present at the convention, came
tendered, and with words of welcome
iutered the delegates a reception on
Thursday at the City Hall. The tender
Father Tolten, the colored priest who
was sitting in the hotly in the hall, was,
asked by Gov. Carroll to a seat on the
platform. The dark visaged cleric re
ceived a roar of applause ns he mounted
to the place ol honor. I lie committee
on platform reported that owing to the
lateness of the hour the desire of the
delegates to witness the great torchlight
procession tunning in the sIitcls, the
further reading of papers was suspended
with orders that the remaining ones be
printed in the proceedings.
Daniel Dnuglierly was unanimously
)tetl a place on the committee of future
congresses, oualiaii, ol uiicngo, muviti
that all International Catholic Congress
be held not later than 1.S'J2 in Chicago,
liecati :.e it could offer the largest
hall in America as well as western hos
pitality. Campbell, ol I Iiilntlclplnu, nioven an
amendment that the convention be held
wheiever the world's lair is located.
I applause) as the eyes of the whole
country would be directed there at that
Onaban accepted the amendment, be
cause he believed the world's fair would
be held in Chicago.
Spaiinhiirst, of St. Louis, expressed his
satisfaction at the amendment, because
he thought that that would bring the
convention to St. Louis.
The resolution as amended was
Resolutions of thanks tothccoiniiieltee
on arrangements were adopted.
As Archbishop Ireland of St. I'aul hail
ocncd the congress, it was the desire
that he close it. He said, with fiery em
phasis: "Go to you homes filled with
the enthusiasm of this convention, ami
spread it throughthel'nionthatthereisa
new departure for Catholics in this coun
try a mission lorCatholic laymen. The
day has come, thank God, when all Cath
olics will rise up and say we are worthy
of our religion. The country to lie con
quered is Heaven. Don't go home to
sleep, but to work like true Catholics."
Adjourned sine die.
COI.. AU'HKH RHETT DKAU.
Died of Conitewtlve CIiIUm In chur
Ciiarikston.S.C, November 12. Col.
Alfred Khett, son of ex-l'nited States and
Confederate States senator R. Barnwell
Rhett, died here this morning in the six
tieth vear of his age of congestive chills.
He graduated at Harvard, was colonel
in the Confederate army, mid command
ed Fort Sumter when it was unsuccess
fully attacked by the Monitor fleet, and
until 1HS3, when it ceased to lie an ar
tillery post of importance. He was a
well known duellist. The most noted af
fair in which he engaged, was the fatal
duel in 1 K3 with Col. Ransom Calhoun,
..r c.,,.1, rr,,lii.:i After the war he
..: .i,;...'..i of Charleston, and at !
critical political junctures was appointed
by Go ernor, Hampton and Simpson as
State constable. He was a brother of R.
r. A o : ,i;i nt i-time of
the Charleston Mercury, ami later of the
lariini.ii mnu,,,..,.- -
At the time of
,ew iiiieans j icayinie. .-iv ....v ...
his fieain, v.ui. mien n.... j.v.w
anil ft ricn piuiuer.
Bond oflerliiKH. i
viiini:ton November 12. The bond,
ofTerinus to-dav aggregated $l,45() all I
accepted, at 1.27 tor tour icr cent and j
l.()5:,4 for lour and halls.
A STORMY SESSION.
IIIMHI'.M AND CHIKS OK "SIT
DOWN" I'KOH THi: I.AUIF.M.
A Warm DIhcuhhIoii of the Non
partisan Amendment to tlie w.
C T. 1'. Constitution In Chicago
CiiiCAtio, November 12. When the ses
sion tit the W. C. T. C convention at
Battery D armory was opened this morn
ing, it was known that a storm was
coming on ; for during the session of yes
terday, at the motion of Mrs. Aldrich
ami Mrs . Kllcn Foster, of Iowa, con
sideration of the proposed non-partisan
amendment to the constitution of the or
ganization was set down forto-tlay. The
amendment provides that the objects ol
the W. C. T. I', shall be to interest ami
unite Christian women of this nation in
non-sectarian and non-partisan temper
ance work for the reformation of the in
temperate, and the education of public
sentiment in behalf of total abstinence,
and the prohibition of the traffic in alco
holic liquors, development of social purity,
suppression of vice and crime, mid the
education of the masses in the duties and
responsibilities of gootl citizenship. It
was evident from the commencement ol
I he debate that the feeling of the conven
tion was overwhelmingly against the
proposed amendment. Delegates were
not disposed to listen to the speeches ol
vomen who favored the atloption, ami
several times there was hissing and erics
of "sit down."
In moving the amendment, Mrs. Al
I'rich, of Iowa, saitl she wished the con
vention In accept it because it was sim
ply right ami just ami honest. She saitl
Inert' was no definite statement of the
objects nf the organization in the consti
tution. W. C. T. C. women occupied an
anomalous position, liecausc thev de
clared themselves non pnrlijuin and yet
adopted the most partisan resolutions.
Women assoeiatetl in the organization
had political rights although no sub
bage, and it was wrong for the majority
to adopt resolutions binding all the wo
men lo support a certain political party.
It was just aswriin: for a woman to
give way her political influence as for a
man to sell his vole.
Mrs. Henry, of Uvanston, III.; Mrs.
Wells, id 1'eniiessce; Mi s. II. M. Barker,
of South Dakota; Mrs. Perkins, of Ohio;
Mrs. Itucll, the National Secretary, and
others spoke in apposition to the adop
tion of the amendment as a rcllcclion on
the previous action of the union, and
declaring that the union was uon-pnrti-snn,
being ready to support any party
which would pal a prohibition plank in
Mrs. J. Illicit Foster then spoke. She
said, "the convention was partisan,
despite its declaration to the contrary,
'fhc names of honorable men in the re
publican party had been liraggetl in the
mud on i he convention platform. I
rccat," she said, "that the convention
is partisan. Partisan in feeling, partisan
in its assaults on republican statesmen."
Hisses interrupted the speaker. "Yes,
anil those hisses are partisan. They
come from delegates themselves and not
from sjrt'ci ntors."
A motion was made to indefinitely
postpone the di.-cussion. It was voted
down. The question was then called on
the amendment. About fifty votes cried
lor its adoption, but the great bulk of
delegates shouted against it. Miss Wil
laid, as chairman, (Iceland the amend
.More Cotton IIoimcIiim: Matrlinony
in tlie Houlli.
Mn.sTtitiMiiKV. Ala., November 12.
The largest erowtl ever seen in Mont
gomery, even surpassing that at the
tune ot ex-Presidcnl Cleveland s visit
here, gathered at the exposition grounds
this afternoon, the occasion being the
State Alii. nice day. Sieechcs were made
by L. I- Livingston President ol Georgia
Alliance, S. M. Adams, President of
Alabama Alliance aud R. F. Kalk State
Commissioner of Agiiculiure of Ala
bama. 'At (wo o'clock a voting man,
. V. Harnett, ami Miss T. Hill,
ivete niarri, d. The ceremony wtis per
formed on the grand stand, where I'resi
ileiit Cleveland spoke two years ago, hv
the Rev. S. M. Adams, president of t he j
Mate Alliance. 1 he nrulc s dress was ot
snow white cotton bagging, and w.'is
beautifully maiic up and lilted to ht
tection. The bride was given many
handsome pivsculs. nuiotiiiliug to over a
thousand dollars in value. The groom
and the bride's father are staunch Al
liance men. The bridal party were
driven to the grounds in a handsome
carriage drawn by four white horses.
Atlanta, Gn., November 12. A collis
ion occurred at Lula, on the Richmond
and Danville road last night. A north
hound passenger train ran into fhc rear
of a freight train. Fireman Ford, of the
passenger engine, was instantly killed,
ami James Hell, engineer was badly
crushed and had one of his legs cut off.
He will probably the. He is a prominent
local politician of Atlanta. It is believed
that the accident was caused by the neg
ligence of the flagman.
A Khiimhh Blizzard.
Kansas Citv, Novemlier 12. A bliz
zard is sweeping over southern and west
ern Kansas. The wind turned to the
north earlv in the evening, and brought
with it snow, which, in some localities, is
drifting badly. At Arkansas City, near
Indian Territory line.a regular norther is
reported. At Wichita snow is li ving, and
nt Syracuse the blizzard is at its height.
The Abilene Centre State reports a se
vere wind and thick snow. No hindrance
to railway travel reported.
After the ttlayer of Mrs. Walker.
LnxiNiiToN, Va NovciiiIkt 12, A
nromincnt physician from Brownsbnrg
says four or five hundred determined
men from Rockbridge aud Augusta
counties had organized to visit quick
vengeance on Jim Miller, the murderer ol
Mrs. Walker, ami would have him here
at two o clock this a. m.. lull hearing
that the prisoner had lieen taken to
Lynchburg the trip was abandoned.
Neitrocs In Convention.
Atlanta, Gn., Novemlier 12. About
one hundred negroes met here to-day in
response to a call lor a conver,
to a call tor n convention."
Matters of interest to tlie colored race
'cre discussed. Among other things the
weak", urged the negroes not to give
their names to the census takers in order
, i, ...,. f ,!,.,n,MT;i1ic eon.ors-
sionaireprcsciuaiivesinuy nc oinonisiico.
I want the Negroes UlHcharict-d.
RiciiMoMi, Va., Novemlier 12. The
democratic city committee to-night
adopted a resolution calling upon the
city authorities to discharge .nil colored
men in the employ ol the city govern-
MAYOR BI.A NTOPi'S COI'RT,
John Cut Burt, But he Didn't no
to do It.
They were both there, the carver and
the carved, and they were almost the
only ones there, ns this was a day of
rest at the Mayor's Court. Both were
big, black, burly darkeys ami they had
gotten into n fracas on their own private
account. John Garlington was the one
and Burt Collins the other. John thought
he would take a slice out of Hurl's shoul
der. He did it accidentally, so he said.
And certainly there was n depth to his
affection for Burt, if the reportorial eye
was not deceived as to the depth of the
wound. It seems that Johnnie protested
against any cutting up and friendly wrest
ling matches in the restariranl of which
he was the custodian. Johnnie said his
arm sliped in his excitement, anil ns he
held the knife tqien in it, why Burt got
cut, since he didn't know enough to move
his shoulder out of the way. But Kurt
didn't take this view of the case, and
Johnnie was lodged behind the bars. His
friends were out in force and told won
derful tales of how they called outtluring
the rumpus, "Ah, Johnnie won't cut no
hotly; he is only blowing." But Johnnie
did, and he is a bail man from Bitter
Creek He wasn't angry when he did it.
Oh, no! As one of his friends said, "I
told Burt to go back until Johnnie was
The latter word compelled the court to
practically grasp its head aud cull for the
dictionary. Johnnie wasn't angry per
haps, for, as the last witness said, "he
warn't showing his teeth." Well, in
short, Johnnie was bound over for the
next term in court for the sum of $1(10,
and Mayor Blaiiton, having imposed a
hue ol Soon a drunken man, concluded
his arduous day's labor.
IlKMhRAI, CITV KUWH.
Messrs. Cortland Bros, have moved
their office to Nos. 2 and 2(i, Patton
We learn that Mr. S. I). Pclhani is to
remove his business from his present stand
to Patton avenue.
Iv. C. Chambers ami W. T. Weaver soltl
three lots on Bailey street yesterday to
C. A. Nichols for $l,2.rll.
There are one hundred guests at the
Battery Park now, while last year at
this time there were only thirty-six.
Mr. McNamee, Ynndcrhilt's lawyer,
stales that the accounts published in
Tim; Asiikvillic Citizkx about the Vnn
derbilt mansion ami estate are correct.
Gorton's Minstrels ure stopping at the
Grand Central, and gave a delightful
concert in front of the court house yes
terday afternoon at one o'clock. The
feature of this was the admirably exe
cuted triple-tongueing in the baritone
About 10 o'clock on Monday night one
of the conductors on the electric cars was
shot at. He had a narrow escape, the
bullet passing lietwecn his legs. The car
at the time was on North Main street
near Cherry. The culprit ran away and
has not been caught.
All those who appreciate agood oyster
supper will be delighted to learn that
there will be one given by the young
ladies of the Central M. Iv. church on
Thursday evening at Col. A. T. David
sou's resilience on College street. Terms
spot cash and no tick.
In their new caps and uniforms they
march through the streets attracting
universal attention. Who? Ask the
"boys" anil they will soon tell you. Why
the young latlies of the Female College.
Of course the "boys" know all about it
mid who could blame them.
There was a runaway ill front of Tin;
Cl'iizKN yesterday afternoon. A saddle
horse standing in front of the office was
run against by a lad driving a buggy,
ami the animal managed to get his leg
caught in the wheel. Both horses began
kicking and the splinters flew. At last
the saddle horse kicked himself out of the
scrape ami the other horse ran away
with the buggy. He was finally caught
and brought back minus the vehicle.
Mr. Frank Loughrau, proprietor of the
Hickory Inn, is in the city.
Gen. J. XV. Bowman, of Mitchell county,
is in the city in attendance on the fed
Mrs. Win. II. Overman, of Salisbury, is
the guest of Mrs. lid win R. Overman at
her home on Vance street.
Mr. W. II. Hargrove, of Haywood,
passed through the city last night on his
way to Augusta, Ga., on business.
Mr. J. A. Brainier leaves to-day for
Wayncsvillc. where he will probably ie
nuiin some time with his daughter, Mrs.
R. D. Gilmer.
II. C. Alley nutl wile, of Spartanburg,
S. C, and Mrs. M.J. Fnirlond anil Miss
May Fnirland, of Media, Pu., have reg
istered at the Swannanoa.
F. K. Hayes, ol Louisville, Kv Jas. T.
Ross, of Atlanta, Ga aud V. F. Thome
and F. M. Thorne, of Cincinnati, Ohio,
ure stopping at the Buttery Park.
Paris, Novemlier 12. A nunilier of
Boulnngists, headed by I'aul Deroulede,
Laisant antl Mcrmcix, assembled in the
place De La Concorde to-day. The po
lice disersed the gathering, and mounted
republican guards now surrounded the
place De La Concorde.
(Slanirow Iron Market.
Glasgow, Novemlier 12. The pig iron
market still displays great activity and
there is a general rise in prices.
The hands employed on the steam
cratt in the river here have gone out on
WHATCI.ERK MILI.KK TI-I.I.H
A CITIZKN REPORTKK,
An Increase of Nearly I-'lve Hun
dred Per Cent. In a Period of
Ten Year Facta and Figure
The city of Asheville is to be congratu
lated on very many accounts, not by
any means the least of which, is the fact
that the position of city clerk is tilled by
its present competent aud faithful in
euinliciit Mr. F. M. Miller. A call there
yesterday showed everything as usual in
good order, and much information of
public interest to he gained in a shape so
concise as to requiic little change at the
hand of our reporter.
For instance, the question is often
asked us: "What is the assessed valua
tion of city property," and "has it in
creased in amount during the past de
cade?" In reply, we have often been
obliged to plead an ignorance for which
we could give no excuse, or to look very
wise and go into statements of very gen
eral character, not at all lo the satisfac
tion ol any thoughtlul inquirer. On ves-1
terday we no sooner intimated a v.-ish
for information on these important sub
jects than Clerk Miller laid before us the
following shatenient, which he hail al
ready tabulated :
Valuation of properly of the city of
. -f.l o:i.2:i f.
This shows an increase of live hundred
per cent, nearly within this term of ten
STATKMK.NT Ol- T.tXLS CI II. LLC T;i.
Year ending May 1SS0 $ (i.M f.2S.
" 1NS1 (i, ill III. 111',.
lKXfi 20.7(17. 2SI.
1HS11 ki.'.l 1-2. till.
Ill addition to the above, in the vear
1HH2 there was $0,000 received from
the sale of bonds, antl expended on water
works and streets. In the year 1SS",
the sum $101,:i(!.10 was received from
the sale of bonds, of which $,S!I,021 .X't
was applied to water works and remain
der added to general land. In the year
1SH9, the stun of $10t,02t:.riO was re
ceived from the sale of bonds, aud $.ril,
001 . 90 applied to construction of sew
ers, anil a12,!3:i..34 to extension ot wa
ter works, the remainder being added to
the general fund.
Mr. Miller also asked our attention to
in amendment of the city charter, all of
which should be published for the infor
mation and guidance of our people, but
space forbids that we should do more
this morning than notice those points
which most particularly win our ap
proval, antl which we think will be com
mended hv our readers.
Section 1 gives the aldermen authority
to exempt from paypunt of poll ami
street tax nil active members of the lire
companies. No one will object to tins,
but on the contrary still readily ackuowl-
Igc our indebtedness to these good
friends, who so often have proved them
selves friends in need ami indeed.
Section 3 provides: "Whenever any
street in the citv shall have been graded,
guttered and curbed, in whole or in part,
including the walkways, it shall be in
cumbent upon the owner or owners to
pave the walkways, the full width
cross their fronts, with brick or such
other material as the committee on
streets may approve," ami then adds
such provisos as sufficiently protect the
interests of all. This we consider a most
important change, antl under its opera
tion the great evil of inadequate side
walks will disapK:ur.
Section 4 nut horues the board of al
dermen to force citizens to connect their
premises with street sewers. This loo
all will approve. The sewers being pro
vided, let them be utilized immediately.
Section 5 gives authority for ex end
ing sewers cither within or without the
city limits. This act was ratified March
11, IKS!), and can doubtless lie found in
the published acts of last session. We
commend it to careful perusal.
FlHi; ALARM TKI.Kt.KA I'll.
In addition to the information derived
from our efficient clerk, we learn gladly
that there is a prosiect of an early sup
ply of this system which is so greatly
needed. Doubtless the board will take
due care to inform itself as to the qualifi
cations of the installation proposed by
the "Gamewell Fire Alarm Telegraph
Company," which proposes to exhibit
publicly its working on Thursday next
We have met Mi, Clark, the agent of this
company, and are much pleased with his
courteous manner, antl apparent knowl
edge of his business.
The writer of this is glatl to remind the
rentiers of Thk Citizkn, that some two
years ago he urged the consideration of
this important subject. No doubt there
has been good excuse for the delay, but
it is to be hoped that such excuse may
no longer exist. Our firemen nrc faithful
mevery emergency, and should haveevery
assistance that science can furnish A had his luxurious growth of side wliis
delay of five minutes in reaching a hiirn-1 kers removed the other night. It was a
ing building may result in its total loss, ' whole day after this event before he Was
and occnsionnlly perhaps in the loss of,
life. This delay can only be avoided by
prompt and accurate information of the
exact locality, where help is required.
Now whenever a fire occurs, n crowd of
exciled coplc rusli to the square, some
one frantically rings the court house bell,
no one can tell wliethci the firemen must
start out north, south, east, or west.
The chances are that they will go exactly
in tnc wrong direction, and thus most
valuable time be wasted.
If the proposed system will fulfill its
protessions, all confusion will cease. Iin
mediately at every point in town, every
one will know the exact locality ot tin
alarm. We say then by all means Id
this system be thoroughly tested, aud it
approved, let it be put into use forth
with. To hesitate on account of cost
is false economy, but of course we should
curtail expense by every legitimate means.
One of these has been suggested which
we heartily approve. It is that the poles
now-erected he utilized without cost to
the city. No d.uibt the si n et railway
;iud electric light companies will set Cu
example in making a tender of their poles,
which the telegraph and telephone com
panies will be ready to follow.
An error crept into our report of yes
terday. When speaking ol the mannci
of giving an alarm we said that in case
an alarm was to be given from box No
21, "a person would unlock the door,
lane Hold ol a projecting Iiook and pull
it two successive times, then pause for
live seconds antl then give one pull. This
is repeated four times." Now it readily
occurs to many persons that this maneu
vering is too complicated to be managed
successfully in thccxcitcincn! th.italways
accompanies .in alarm of fire. But Mr.
Clark assures us it is all our mistake,
that each box works automatically. The
operator lias only lo open the door and
press down a projecting rod, and inline
tli.itely the number of this box is sounded
on ;i bell at each of the other stntiom
and also at the central point of the city.
This is a most important point and wi
gladly correct our statement.
Their Performance In ,. ra Hall
The exhibition last night was ton fully
crowded house, antl perhaps lo as fully a
satisfied one as ever tilled the t Ipcra Hall.
The minstrels caused no disappointment;
in tact, in view of the absolute fulfillment
ot every feature ol an elaborate pro
gramme, they might scent to have been
very modest in their claims to favor, livery-thing
seemed perfect to us. We have
never heard such tlclicioiisly soft and
sweet music on wind instruments, "tlie
golden horns." There seems to be some
thing in the royal metal that subdues
everything to its dominion: and music
was never so effectively allied with the
form of perfect expression as it is in Gor
ton's orchestra. The line body of young
men who compose the minstrels one and
all have exceptionally pure ami sweet
voices of great compass, yet of perfectly
controlled power, with a delicacy of ex
pression scarcely to be expected in the
characters assumed. The characters
were sustained with a fresh vivacity as it
all had entered into the spirit of genuint
fun and frolic, the natural outpour ol
humor antl high animal spirits, not the
routine work of nightly wearisome repe
titions lor reward. As with their song,
so with their interlocution in whidi. we
are tree to say, among much that was
new and original, there popped up many
an old joke and lainiiiar witticism and
their dancing, all sparkled with vivacious
Of the performance of the Japanese
Prince, we can find no words to express
admiration utid wonder. There was
something "uncanny" about him; In
seemed to work in unison with a "famil
iar." For whatever thing he brought lo
illustrate his magical skill became at
once part ol himself, moved as he moved,
thought as lie thought, acted as he .acted.
Lithe, quick and graceful, with his gor
geous native costume, he transported us,
as we breathlessly watched him, to hi;
land ot skill and legerdemain, w here his
art merges into the supernatural, ami
where nothing is incredible or- impossible
in the realms of manual dexterity. His
favorite slave was his top. It danced
about him, it flew around him, it poised
above hint, it spun beneath I1i111.it flew
from him, it returned to him, and all
with such unfailing grace and certainty as
to make it appear a part of himself. One
illustration of his skill w ith this toy will
prove his mastery in his art. He pro
produced a Japanese sword; he proved
the keenness of its edge to the siectators
by cutting paXT with it. He sent his
top spinning high up in the air. and ns it
fell, caught it on the attenuated edge ol
the sword, antl then, for several minutes,
made it pass from heel to point, and hack
and forth, as if it had become a part of
the swortl itself.
It was marvelous, anil it was also
lieautiful; and as a whole Gorton's Min
strels made deep and pleasurable impres
sions upon all fortunate enough to see
Ill response to an appeal made a few
days since through our columns in behalf
of certain destitute eople in a portion of
this county, a benevolent gentlemen has
sent us a bundle of miscellaneous articles
which will be proptrlv disposed of. A
beginning of the good work having been
made, we hope others will follow the
A well known young man of this citv
seen by his anxious friends. It is suii-
posed that the resultingchange in his ap
pearance had disturbed his mental etpii
iihr.uni, ami that he hail lost his itlen
THE ATTORNEYS GET MAD.
I'l'sTODr OF THF. FXHIBITH
CAt'SF. ANtiRV WORDS,
Pamline Hocrtel. the Washerwo.
man, TellH ol the White Horse
Hriven to tlie Carlson Cottage,
and the Man who Entered.
CiliCAf.o, November 12. There ismuch
bad blood between the counsel for the
iirosceutioii and t fins,, i'nr tl,o riMf...., :
the Cronin case which is not confined to
the principal counsel, but is shared also hv
the juniors. There was a wrangle last
uigiit 111 the clerk's office after adjourn
ment in which District Attorney Longen
eckcr ami Attorney Forest exchanged the
lie, and nearly came to blows. The dis
pute was about the custody of the ex
It.bits which have been placed ill evidence.
The counsel for the defense wished them
taken from the prosecuting attorney and
placed in the hands of the clerk. This
wrangle broke afresh in the court this
ami tiing withort any apparent reason,
except that Attorneys Forest and Hines
.vishcil to emphasize the distrust and
dislike of the prosecutor Longcneckcr.
flic 111a tier was finally dropped and the
testimony proceeded with.
What was left of one of the valises
lomitl in the sewer with Cronin's effects
was examined by the salesman who sold
the furniture to the mysterious Simmons
ami declared it to be identical with the
valise sold to Simmons -along with the
Pauline llnerlel, a washerwoman, testi
fied that she passed the Carlson cottage
lift ween S and ! o'clock on the night of
the murder. Slid saw a white horse
drawing a buggy which there were
two men, driven iV' o the cottage. The
larger man, w ho appeared like a gentlc
.11.111. got out of the buggy and, taking a
satchel or box out of tlie iiuggy, went up
the steps and entered the cottage. The
hivcr of the white horse at once turned
around and drove back tow.'trdsChicago.
file gentleman knocked anil was at once
iiliniitcd to the cottage. As quick as
the door was closed Mrs. Hoertel heard
sounds as of blows and the tall of a
heavy body, antl what sounded to her
like some one calling, "Oh, God." In the
.'(illusion of sounds she also heard the
word "Jesus." Then in a very short
time everything became still, she said,
it was as il somebody wus lighting and
then as if something fell. The witness
said this occurred soon after 8 o'clock at
night. "The man who went into the
cottage," she continued, "went into the
House unhesitatingly and it seemed to
:ne as if the door was opened, or, as if
some one opened it for him as he came up
the steps. When 1 turned from Ashland
avenue and started east, 1 saw a man
standing between theCarlston house and
.ottage. There was a light in front of
the cottage and the night was a bright
This finished the direct examination of
the witness, and she was turned over to
the mercies of the cross-examining law
ycis for the defense.
WHAT III IT IlliAN?
Music Haiti charniM to Hoothe the
That large crowd that was so quickly
gathered together yesterday on the pub
lic square? Who composed il? Every
body who could possibly come, and they
were all in the very best of humor. Every
branch of business was represented. Mr.
Powell and Mr. Kepler forgot to argue
about which had the best groceries. Mr.
Sawyer stood close to Mr. W'hitlock.
Present Mayor Dlanton beamed upon ex
Mayor Harkins. The lay wers forgot to
badger the poor Federal court witnesses,
ludge Dick suspended the monotonous
"three months find $100." The witnesses
forgot how much liquor they had begged
out of Bill Jones for a dime. Thk ClTI-
zi:s. the livening Journal, the Democrat,
the Baptist, and the Methodist were all
t here, and till were happy. Tin; Citizen
forgot to call its neighbor the e. j. The
Hcniocral forgot that Tin; Citizkn was
not loyal. The Baptist and Methodist
nagged each other, livery one was
happy. What caused it ? Why the very
sweetest of music discoursed by the band
of' the minstrels.
Friends and brethren, why should this
an occurrence so infrequent ? Depend
upon it, the people in the "Fader Land"
know what they arc about when they
encourage their men and woman and
boys ami girls lo meet together and
listen to soul-stirring, heart-pacifying
strains of music. Cannot we learn of
thcm.J Will we not encourage our own
hand? We have the talent; who can
doubt it that gazed into the rapt faces
011 all sides 011 .yesterday. Nothing
can be conceived more ierfcctly whole
some than 011 every pleasant evening to
have our people assemble on the square,
listening to music, laughing, chattintr.
walking about ; no one to draw in his
garments for fear of contamination from
his neighbor; no one to curse and swear
about politics; 110 one to lie selfishly
seeking his own gootl at the expense of
his brother, but all yes, every soul filled
with health anil happiness, under the in
spiration ot heaven-born music. Oh,
why may il not be so ?
My Foot Is on My Native Heath! I
Scots wlia hue with Wnlliiee hied,
Scots whom Hrtiee hath often lcti,
Stand brick nn more to Rive us thanks.
Hut -.licet with us at brother l'rnnk'n
On Thursday afternoon nt 2 o'rlrult
without fail, that we may arrange for a
meeting in January, to which we would
not blush to invite any of our valiant
clansmen, who so truly stood together
tor the right, in the days of Auld Lang
The Rev. James Atkins, with his fam
ily, leaves to-day to take his post as
President of Kniory and Henry College,
Va. Personally, we part with Dr. At
kins with great regret, nnd we know
very many here participate in our feeling.
Hut he goes in discharge of a great duty,
which we know he will perform well.
Our regret is therefore a selfish one,
which we willconiMiund by wishing him,
of which we nrc assured, success and
Attorney General Theodore F. David
son has arrived in the citv.