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THE DAILY CI
THE DAILY CITIZEN
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ASHEVILLE, N. C, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1889.
TIM- TRUNIN TRIAL.
A NKWHI'tPKR CORKIWI'OMI).
KXT iIVlCH III KVIUKNCK.
H Tells In n Very llruiiinllc Way :
of an Interview Willi O'Hulllvan
Hie Moriiimc oil Which Crnnin'H
Body Was Found.
Ciiicai',1), November 1(5. There was a
great crowd nt the opening of the court i
tiic 1 riiutiititil ifiil fit till Cronin t I
this morning after two days, recess. The
bailiffs had a ditlicult task in keeping
back those who were without tickets of
admission. The crowd surged up the
stairway, and pressed about them; and
it was only after most vigorous efforts
that they were enabled to clear the pass
"ageway into the door.
The belated representatives of the
press, I'm 'ing that it was impossible to
go up staiis in the regular way, elimlicd
up along the outer edge of them clinging
to the iron hand rail.
The first witness called was James
Cloncey, correspondent of the New York
Herald, who testified on bclinlf of the
prosecution. Me said that he was sent
here by the Herald in May to investigate
the Cronin case. He called at O'Sulli-
vau's house on the morning of the day
that Crouiu's body was discovered, but
thediscovery had not been made. The wit
ness continued : "I asked him if he knew
Cronin. He told me he had known him
lor five years, or about live years, and
that he had met him at the political meet
ing in the seventeenth ward. I asked
him what he thought of tin disappear
nnceof Dr. Cronin? He said, to the best
of my recollection, that he would turnup
somewhere; turiiierinore that he did
not believe that he had been mur
dered. I asked him about the con
tract he had made with Cronin
He said ill reference to that contract that
he had been introduced personally to
Cronin a few weeks before that time by
Judge Mahoney. 1 asked him why he
made the contract? He said because ac
cidents had happened ; and then he said
something about wishing to have a phy
sician to attend to anything of the kind
that might occur in the future. The con
versation was general about Cronin, and
when I stood up to go, I asked him
again what he thought of the' doctor's
disapiiearauce ? And once more he
said that he would turn up some
where all right; that he did not
believe that he was murdered. I then
left. I called late in the evening of the
same day after hearing that the body
had been found. 1 asked him, if he had
heard the news. He said no. Then there
was a pause. Then he said "there was
a body. I heard when 1 wasdown town
that a body was discovered in the Lake
this morning, hut it has not been
identified. We were both standing at
this time. I said, 'I heard nothing about
that.' 1 paused and then said, 'Mr.
O'Sullivan, the body of lr. Cronin has
been found.' (Witness spoke very dra
matical, and continued.) He turned pale.
He said: "What! the body of Dr. Croin,
found. Is it true?' 1 said, 'of course, I
don't know for certain, 1 heard it was
discovered in a catch basin and is lying
at the police station about a mile Irom
here. 1 have a cab at the door. Will
von accompany me, and identity the
body at the morgue?' He spoke and
sank into his chair and said : 'No ! I
could not go ; 1 could not identify him.
It would lie useless for me to go.' I
said, 'Mr. O'Sullivan, you told me this
morning, you knew Cronin well. It
is only a short distance. Come and
identity the body. It may not be
Crouiu's body. Let us make sure. He
said.no. I could not go. Il l met him
in the street, I might know him but 1
could not identify his body."
(In giving the answers made to him,
witness, O'Sullivan's voice was in con
tinual tremor and the scene was a dra
matic one. I
1 said, "Its strange." I urged him
again and he made an effort to move out
ol his chair in which lie sank when 1 first
broke news to him.
Mr. O'Donluie "Did you say he;
moved the chair al the time!''
No, I tlid not. It seemed to me that he
tried to rise out of the chair into wliicu
he had sunk.
States Attorne. l.o ahead. j
"I said, I would try to gel Judge Ma-1
liontv to identity linn. 1 said, what is :
Ids address? He seemed to tiy to rec
ollect, and then gave me a w rong ad
dress. He called Mrs. Wliolcn into the
room and asked herthcjuilgc's address."
"He had given von the Judge's address
already in the morning had he not."
"Yes, I then made a final effort to in
duce him to conic and identity the body.
He said, 'no, 1 could not identify it. Il
is useless for me to go,' then 1 left."
The cross-examination of witnesses
then began. The cross examination was
directed to eliciting the details of the
witness nnd his lile front, the time ot Ins
birth up through a varied journalistic
career in London, Paris and elsewhere.
The witness told without hesitation the
story of his conuection with James
Stevens' Fenian movement, and his ar
rest, conviction of attempting to shoot a
policeman who captured him and sen
tenced to penal servitude tor lite. The
sentence was subsequently commuted to
sixteen years, and he wus released on a
ticket of leave. A the conclusion of
Cloncey's examination the Slate rested
and tlie defense 'moved on liehalf of
Burke, Coughlin, O'Sullivan and Kunze,
that all evidence respecting what the
firoseculion called theCump conspiracy
e struck from the record. The court
overruled the motion and the defense
then asked that the pages of the United
Brotherhood record, being the minutes
of the proieedings of Camp 20 on the
night of February Nth, lie excluded.
After considerable discussion, and peud
ing the writing up of certain evidence,
the court said he would rule on the mo
tion later. Forrest then moved that no
more testimony relating to Camp 20 be
excluded, but all his motions were
Next, the defence moved to exclude cer
tain portions of Spellmnn's testimony,
and the correspondence between him and
it.,cs, and then, taking up the testi
mony of Conklin, Mrs. Conklin and
other witnesses, asked that certain por
tons of their testimony lie excluded. All
the motions were overruled.
then turned his attention townrds the
hair, blood stains and other physical evi
dences ot the crime, and moved tor their
exclusion ; but the motions were over
ruled. The next witness for the defence was
Frederick J. Squibb, stenographer, who
took the testimony before the coroner.
He testified as to "certain differences le
tween the testimony as given before the
coroner's jury by old man Carlson and
Frank Scanlan as compared with their
evidence during the trial proper.
Forrest then moved for the exclusion of
the proceedings of Camp 20 on February
8, which the court took nnder considera
tion, and the evidence ol'Capt. O'Connor
cancerniug the same proceedings, which
the court overruled.
State's attorney We have not offered
that record of the proceedings of Camp
20 in evidence so far as I am aware of.
Foster, attorney lor Bcggs Well, if
von dvn't, I shall.
Squihhs then testified to a number of
contradictious in the testimony of Major
Sampson before the coroner's jury anil
before the court.
THK THKKK AM Kit IC AH.
Comparative Areas of the Central
and Mouth Amerlcuu Counlrlett,
Cleveland Plain-Dealer; The coming
I of the delegates to the I'an-Ainerican
! congress makes it pertinent to remind
our readers that Centra! and South
' America embrace an erca a little greater
than twice the extent of country in tile
I I'nited States and Territories, and a
: population id' about o0,t MM 1, 00(1, or about
! one-sixth smaller lhau the population of
Mexico covers an area ,ust uhoulcipin
to that part of the I'nited States east of
the Mississippi river, exclusive of the
Slates ol Louisiana and Mississippi, and
has 10,000.0110 inhabitants.
The five Central American Republics of
Costa Kica, Cnatcmala, Honduras.
Nicaragua and Salvador cover an extent
of country about the size of the li"c
States of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio.
Michigan and Illinois, and have a popu
lation cuul to both New York and In
diana. Brazil's area is somewhat greater than
that ol the Tinted States, exclusive of
Alaska, and her population is about that
of X w York. Pennsylvania and Ohio.
The Argentine Republic, with about
half the area id the I'liilcd Stales, has a
population not quite as large as Pennsyl
vania. Colombia is nearly equal in extent to
New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin, with a
population probably a little less than
that of New York State.
Bolivia's territory issoniewhnlgrcatcr
than that of the Atlantic Stales, Penn
sylvania, Ohio and Michigan, and has a
population about Indiana's figure.
Peru is a little larger than the Atlantic
States and Pennsylvania, and her popu
lation is about thai of Illinois.
Venezuela is larger than Peru by about
as much territory as is embraced in New
Jersey, and her population is about equal
Kcuador could contain ( hio, New York,
Pennsylvania, Michigan and Illinois, but
her population is not quite up to that
of Michigan alone.
Chili's domain cul up would make
Stales as cxU'iisivcasOhio, Pennsylvania
and Indiana. Her population is some
what greater than that of Indiana.
Paraguay is big enough to include
Ohio and New York within her borders,
but her entire population scarcely ex
ceeds that of Cleveland.
rrugtiav is not quite as large as Ohio
and Indiana combined, and just about
the same manlier of inhabitants as
Brooklyn, N. Y.
The (tuiauas arc F.uglish, I:reuch, and
Dutch colonies. British Guiana, twice
as large as Ohio, has just about the pop
ulation ol Cleveland. French (iiiiana,
somewhat larger than Ohio, has about
as many inhabitants as Toledo. Dutch
Guiana, nearly as large as Pennsylvania,
has no more inhabitants than Columbus.
A Prominent Man Dead,
Richmond. Ya., November Hi. T. C.
Leak, jr., vice-president of the Tennessee
Midland Railroad Company died at his
residence here this morning aged thirl v
fivc. lie was one of the most prominent and
enterprising citizens ol Richmond, lie
was the pioneer m the development ol
the mineral district of Birmingham, Ala.
He has been prominently identified with
the railroad development of the South, and
was, at the time of his death, president
of the Alabama Land anil Development
Company, controlling over a million
I acics of laud.
Miinti.omkky. Ala., November Hi.
The State department of agriculture has
completed its November report based on
reports from all Sections of the State.
The report is lull ol interest, particularly
as it shows that but Kli per cent, of the
cotton crop has been tirade in the State,
the average being reduced bv the almost
total failure of the crop ill some of the
cotton producing counties of- noith Ala
bama. The corn crop is above a full one,
the report shewing an average of 105.
Halzhay Sentenced for I.lfe.
MiXNKAi'iit.is, Minn., November Hi.
A Journal's Bessemer, Mich., secinl
says: The Ilalzhay case was completed
at ! o'clock this morning; the jury went
out al 9. 30 and returned at 1().1,", with
a verdict ol guilty. Ilalzhay was then
sentenced ior me at nam lanor. 1 lie
prisoner broke down, and seemed dazed
when the foreman ot the jurv announced
the verdict. The judge'sclinrge wasread
this morning, lasting about twenty
minutes. The attorneys for the defense
will make an effort for a new trial.
Prize Fliclit lu Kuoxvllle.
Knoxvii.lk, Tenu., November IB. A
light to the finish with skin tight gloves,
Marquis of jjucenshury rules, occurred
here this morning nt 3 o'clock. The pug
ilists were Frank Mel I ugh. the feather
weight champion ot Cincinnati, and Jos
eph Fnppiono, of this city. The tight
lasted one hour and ten minutes, and ten
rounds were fought. Fnppiono threw
up the sponge and the fight and purse of
$o(0 were given McHugh.
Hikmini.iiam. Ala., Novenilier 1(5. The
races have been postponed till Monday
on account of rain. F.ntries for the first
and third races and Florence hotel handi
cap for to-day, remain the same for
Yellow Fever at Key West.
Wasiiisotos, Novenilier 16 Surgeon
Posey has reported to Surgeon (ieneral
Hamilton of the Marine hospital service
that two new caser of yellow fever have
develoK'd at Key West, Fla.
Knliihts of Labor.
Atlanta, Gil, November 16. The
Knights remained in secret session till
nun past one o ciock lo-oay. i ne morn
ing was devoted to discussion on the
state ot the order, and no important
action was taken.
CREA TES many a new business;
ENLARGES many an old business;
REVIVES many a dull business;
RESCUES many a lust business;
SA VES manv a failing business;
PRESERVES many a large business;
SECURES success in any business.
To advertise Judiciously, use the col
umns of "The Cititen" Everybody reads
it; and in propoitiolt to the returns it
yields advei tisera, it rates are the cheap
est in the counti r.
FA V ETT F.V1LI.ECENTENNUI,,
lie Marine Hand Will Furnish
F.WKTTliVli.l.K, N. C. November Hi.
Special j The following official docu
ment has been received to-night by II. U.
Novitzky, chairman of the music com
mittee: "Yours of the loth instant has been
presented to the department by the lion.
M. W. Ransom, I'nited States Senator
In accordance with the request contained
therein the commandant of the Marine
corps has been directed to order t he
Marine Band to Fn ettevillc to furnish
music on the 20th, 21st, and 2ud
instants, the occasion of the Centennial
Celebration of the Rnliiical ion of tin
Constitution of the I'liiled States, by
North Carolina. The quarter master
will furnish the band transportation to
and from Faycttcvillc, but it is necessary
that the committee provide suitable
quarters and furnish subsistence.
B. F. Tracv,
Secretary ol the Navy."
The leader of this baud. Prof. Sonsa.
also writes that he will furnish orchestral
music both for the hall and gentian.
Flags and shields from the different
states arc arriving daily.
J as. A. 1 1 ix:i:s.
IIAMF.HAI.I. Alii H.
The Work of the l.nicue at I.nst
NliW York, November Hi. The Na
tional League of baseball clubs com
pleted ils work yesterday, and before ad
journment was taken a plan of action
against revoking brolherhond players
was adopted. Byrne, Young and
Reach, the committee on negotiations
which was appointed in accordance with
the resolutions adopted al the sugges
tion of A. (i. Spalding, will work hard lor
the next few weeks so as to be able to
present an encouraging report at the re
convened meeting on January 2S. They
say t'lat there will lie no difficulty in
getting till the players necessary for the
success of the game, 'file American as
sociation men concluded their labors
here at 1 o'clock this I'ternoon. Appli
cation on the part of Syracuse for ad
mission was approved, and delegates
from that club were admitted to I he con
vention. This completed six clubs in the
association. The next meeting of the
association will be on December fit
IIKAZII.'H KlvVOI.I TION.
Conflicting Reports a to the Con
dition of Allairs.
NliW York, November 1(i The fol
lowing cable wiis received at the coffee
exchange to-day til 1 o'clock p. in., from
Rio Janeiro :
"The political situation critical. The
Washington, D. C, November 16.
The only news of any definite character
received at the ltrazilliau legation here
about the revolution in Brazil, is the fol
lowing telegram from a reliable source in
"A Brazilian republic probable: ex
change declining ; a peaceful settlement
London, November 10. (i p. m. An
other dispatch Irom Rio Janeiro states
lh..t the garrison ol that city hast'ornicd
a provisional govern ment. compromising
Seuor Constant, a journalist named
Ouintino Bacaqui and General Du 1'ou
seca. The populace, the dispatches say.
are holding aloof from the revolutionary
movement, and it is believed thai the
government will be able to suppress it.
MR. DAVIS AT KKW OHI.EANs.
Consults a Physician and is Pro
nounced Much Improved.
Nt:w Oki.kans, November Id. Hon.
Jefferson Davis arrived here to-day on
the steamer Leathers. He remained in
his state room, where he was visited by i
his physician, Dr. Chaille.and one or two )
intimate person.-1 1 trie-nils. Alter making
a careful examination of his patient, Dr.
Chaillc stated that Mr. Davis has been;
quite sick al Brierlichl with a sevcrecold, j
but that be was much improved now, t
and there is no cause for alarm. Tnis
afternoon Mr. Davis was removed to the
residence ol his lile long icrsonal friend
Mi.J.W. Payne, where lie will remain
tor some days. t
Richmond, Ya., November 16. Charles
Ullis, II. Haskcrville, . P. Branch. Col.
J. B. Palmer, and Maj. U. F. I). Myers, i
Icl't this city to-day on a tour of inspee-
tion of the Richmond and Petersburg, ;
and Petersburg railroads.
The annual meeting of the following,
roads, composing the Atlantic coast line, ;
will be held next Monday: Richmond & '
Petersburg, Petersburg, Wilmington K: j
Weldon, North liastern, Cheraw iS: Salis- i
bury, Chcrnw & Danville, Wilmington,
Columbia M: Augusta, Central, of South :
Carolina, and Albcrmarle ami Raleigh, i
Washington, I). C, November 16. The j
President returned from his duck shoot-1
ing excursion this atternoon. j
Had for Coilee Mriukers. .
Revolutions do not exhaust their forces :
in the counti ies in which they originate. I
They affect the comforts and the habits j
of people who have no direct concern j
with them. So the revolution in Brazil j
is likely to interest us in a most direct,
though most unexpected way. We are
a people of coffee drinkers, and our sup
ply comes chiefly from Brazil.
In the Coffee Kxehange in New York
yesterduy some of the dealers said :
The new coffee crop in Brazil is almost j
ready to lie h.-n vested, and the supply on
the market here is consequently limited.!
If a revolution has broken out and the
ports of Rio de Janerio and Santos arc I
blockaded, seventy-five per cent, of the :
coffee supply of this country will be cut '
off. This will he productive of very
serious consequences throughout the,
country. When the confirmation ol the
report is read at theexchange to-morrow ;
trom London, there is likely to be an j
unheard of scene on the floor.
Wm. H. Crossman Bros,, had not re-1
ccived a dispatch, but had information ,
through con espondenee Irom Brazil of a .
veiy recent date which gave no hint of
even an anticipation of trouble in that
country. "If the report is true." said
that gentleman, "coffee is likely to ad
vance to hitherto unheard of figmes, and
when quiet is again restored in Brazil,
enormous shipments are likely to cause a
The traveling passenger agent of the
yueen and Crescent route is stopping at
the Swannaiion. I
A ( IRK AT INDCSTRV.
m:vi:n a;i:s m i; to ciucf.r
AND NOT IM'.llKIA I IC.
low I lie are Made, Flavored,
liottled and Corked, and Mncle
lo t;ive I'ure,HparklaiK Pleasure
lo Many Thirsty Drinkers
A visit to Mr. C. II. Campbell's soda
water manufactory on Haywood street
is both instructive and euieriaiiiing. One
naturally thinks that the process is verv
simple and requires only a meagre ram
shackle shanty with a nui"l er ol hands.
Whereas il is exactly the reverse. There
is required a number of complicated ma
chines and only a few skilled workmen
to operate them. But the foaming, ex
hilarating beverage which affords such a
sense of relief and coolness, where one
is taint and exhausted from the heat, is a
seienlilic product, the liavors are nut
mere mixtures of syrup and extracts, but
are only evolved after long study and
years of careful laboratory work. For
example, the ginger ale, as manulactuieil
by Mr. Campbell, contains live different
extracts. The propriitor of this iiianu
laetory has had great experience in the
business, having operated a manufactory
of the same kind in Massachusetts, am!
is. now supplying the entire country
within a radius of loo miles Irom Asbc
ville. He takes great pride in his place,
as he well may, and is .always ready to
explain the different mrlciiiiiery to any
one wno strolls in. Hut here he comet
10 tell us all about it.
"How are you, my friend'' So you
want to see how soda vvater is made.
And. by the way. soda water is an entire
misnomer. There is no soda about il.
11 is cai bonaietl water, and how that
name vas tacked on to it, I don't know.
Now lu re is quite a machine, called tin
ohn Matthews' Carbonating Appa
ratus. Looks simple, doesn't it? But
that machine cost me just $1,000 You
see il is made of gnu metal, while most
people think il is galvanized iron. Hut.
bless you, we couldn't use that. Tin
pressure and strain is too great. Il av
erages everywhere from -loto ISO pounds
per square inch. II you will examine it.
you will see that there are live large res
ervoirs or fountains. Above the last
reservoir on the left is the sulphuric acid
reservoir. Now. if I wish lo charge till
the fountains, I put four and a half gal
lons of sulphuric acid in this, and twelve
gallons of marble dust and ten gallons ol
water in the reservoir beneath. The sill
pluiric acid is allowed to run into the
reservoir containing the mixture of mar
ble dnsl, and carbonic acid gas is gener
ated by the action of this acid. We now
have the carbonic acid gas, with which wi
charge thewater, lo produccthe so-callci!
soda water. But the gas in ils present
stale contains many injurious elements,
so il is carried oil by the pipes, which you
see here, into these washers. The pipe
leads the gas first intothe bottom of this
washer, which contains large lumps ol
marble and water. As the gas rises to
the surface, il has to run in and out be
tween these lumps, so thai ils passagi
is somewhat obstructed and it under
goes a more thorough cleansing. From
this washer il passes into a second,
where it is subjected to the same treat-,
inenl. Now it is thoroughly purified,;
and that is one of the chief secrets in the
manufacture of soda water. The gas is
ahcady lor use and uiav be led bv a
system of pipes into tiny one or all of tin
tour remaining fountains or reservoirs
These are filled two thirds lull of water,
and as the gas enters, it is thoroughly
mixed with the water by means ol dash
ers, which are operated in the same
manner as a churn. Herein these loun
tains there is contained the soda water
icady tor use, and all that remains is to
bottle and flavor it.
"Where do I get my water? Fsinsc
me, 1 was just about to show you. Here
is the apparatus It is the Hyatt - House j
Filler, and will purify the water and give
a supply at the rale of four gallons per
Here Mr. Campbell drew a sparkling
bumper of clear, crystal water, which
was just the kind we all vearn for and
"Taste that. Spring water? Not a
bit of it. It doesn't look much like the
regular city water, docs it ? But that's
what it is, and just sec this eollec colored
sediment which remains alter it passes
through the filter of charcoal and gravel.
I don't regret the outlav of $200 on this
machine. It is well worth it.
"Just step 1 1 is way a moment please.
This is the corking bench, an invention
which iseovered bv twenty-three patents
and cost S17o. Here on lliis spot is
placed the lablc.and there above on that
hook lmngs a can containing the syrp
ve wish to put in. By working this
gunge we can rcgulalc the amount of
syrup kt bottle. Now make the attach
ments with the can anil the fountain,
place the cork in lbis piston under the
hammer, and give one downward stroke
with the lever, 'flic bottle is firmly
clasjied in position by a pair of clamps,
charged with soda water and syrup,aiul
the cork driven home at one and the
same stroke. Rapid woi k, isn't it?
"I'll guarantee you don't know how a
syphon is tilled. No? Well, you arc
not the only one. Most jieople think
that in order to till them the the syphon
head must !e taken off. That amuses
me hugely sometimes. Here is the ma
chine which does the work. It is called
the syphon filler. You will notice that 1 j
place the bottle in these chimps with the
nozzle down, and connect this by a tulie
with the fountain containing the soda
water. As the carbonated water rushes I
into the I Kittle the air is compressed, and I
when it is two thirds lull, bv means of I
this lever, which works a series ol valves, MEW RCSINF.WS FIRM.
1 can allow the compressed air to escape
little by little, until the bottle is com- tJeiillcmeii of Varied F.xperience
oletely filled. This process requires great ! " Head of II.
care and attention to prevent the bottle ' As will be seen by an announcement
from bursting. ! elsewhere in Tm; CrnzKN.a new linn has
"Here is something new which I intend ; been added to Ashcvillc's quola of busi
to introduce lo take the place of corks. ' ness houses. Messrs. Charles N. and
As you sec, it is a rubber seal so coated ; Art liur 1-.. Jeuks, the partners in the cn
as to make it impervious, and with a j terprise, conic to us not as strangers, but
metal hoop, by means of which it can be j us young men who are already well
pulled out by any sharp instrument, j known to many of our citizens, both so
llowmany of them would you guess ( cially ami in a business way. They are
iv. re in this bai'? About two thou- ' the Sous of Col. C. W. lenks, of the
sand? Ha! Ha! There are fourteen
thousand four hundred. That's a puzzle
for you. It beats the Pigs in the Clover
"(ioiiig? I cant let you do that belore
you have sampled my wares
Tableau. Disappearance of Mr. Camp-
bell. Sudden reappearance of the same
.veil laden. The popping of corks, a' Hotli Lot. Jcnks and Ins sons are tirm
-urgling and guzzling, and till was o'er, j believers in the natural resources of Wcs
fhe visitor of that morning regretfully tern North Carolina, and the new firm
look his ileparune, well satisfied that I has unsurpassed facilities for presenting
Mr. Campbell's wares were all that they j to Northern capitalists the almost unc--houl
1 be, iind il was with a feeling of , quailed inducements offered by this sec-
sadness, "almost akin to pain," that he
abandoned, the project of camping down
then for the rest of the day, and sain-
pling the remainder of the fifteen varie -
lies of manufactured goods, which Mr.
Campbell puts up.
STRF.F.T ( HtltlSIMM,
Muller Which Should Have I
Street crossings, arc in fact temper
crossings; for there is nothing so irrita
ting as t be necessity of stepping from a
relatively good sidewalk upon the adveii-
litn In ir,. to I hi oilier ifl,- of .'ilitlnSt
, . ., i
Hi v street in the citv. Sometimes there i
is the wreck of wlnit was once stepping
stones: sometimes these stand with
sharp or rounded edges worn down by
the constanL beating of wheels: some
times they appear here and there like the
jagged teeth remaiuiugin thejaw boneol'a
fossil megatherium, or some other inon-
ster nntcdiluvian; sometimes they ap-j"1'
pear Hist above the surface
with a treacherous kind of challenge to
trust tht in. But oltener there is nothing
it all, nothing to doexcepi , when coming
to the terrible ordeal, lo t'ollow cousin
Sallv Dillard's example.
There is no town or city in the State
that lias wit 11 so llltieb thai is food ami
, . , , .ii,, inveterate sportsman, and his successes
ailvtinecd it, such execrable strcel cross-; 1 '
ingsasAshcville. We make no bones j,, ' lagging bear, deer and other game,
so speaking of them. Thev arc licvond ml' wc" "'""1"'1 "'''
defeuec or apology. There is a decided ,knts 1,1 Macon' J'uk!i0" an1 Transyl
and general improvement going on j,, j vatna counties.
the sidewalks. But if. in moving ilrvlv 1,1 187r' Mr' Jl',,ks bt'c!,mc -''ted
aniloli-Msaiillv.-dom. ibeni .-o,,! 1 1,.-,,' i" ! wltn (k'orK-' Campbell, Lsq., ol West
leaving them to cross to the other side of
anv stree in the eitv. we are I'oiniieltcil
to oart with all the' shine on our boots '
or shoes, or worse, togivetlicu. the color j li,Ur M,'-.K-'ks "cut into the sheep bus
ofthe mud with the addition ,' ils 1 "-'ss in Texas, and became part owner
moisture, what profiieth us the drv side- ' ""c "' tbv ,,ncst Pr"!erties there
walk:- On the principle that the weakest j win to SK'kncBS 1,c nne North m 1881
part of a chain measures the strength of ! "mI s"on 'dtcrward beg.-.n shipping stock
the whole, so do the vile crossings tneas-' aml shtTI' to tl,c Wl'sl and south-western
lire the virtue of the sidewalk.
Let us have sonic decided and speedy
improvement in this matter. Capt. Troy
lias found a quarry which will provide
the material in short order.
Dr. Fletcher, of Fletchers, one of the
Idcst practitioners in the Stale, is slop
ing nt the Swaunanoa.
Mr. Crawford, who is priiiuineullyeon-
ucctcil with the Pennsylvania railroad,
is now at the Battery. Park.
Mr. Charles R. Darby, the postolhcc
inspector, ot Washington, II. C, is stop
ping at the (iraud Central.
Among the guests at the (irand Central
is Mr. I. II. Wvnn, of the Kecr's Spool
Cotton Company of Chicago.
Mr. Benjamin Recce, engineer of the
Durham Manufacturing Company, of
Chicago, is at the Swannnuon. 1
Col. Fineke, who has traveled till over
i he world, and can nnrrnte many an in-:
terestiug adventure, is at present at the ,
Baticrv Park. I
imong its i
The Swaunanoa numbers
prominent arrivals Mr. Robert C. Crump, i
1 i i
of Richmond, Ya., formerly ot the firm of
, I II III llO llOlllfl L II1IL IWL1III lit III 111 III ,1
blhott and L rump. I .. , " , . . .. . .
1 I tile student tit the tunc, and the success
Mr. Van Zandt, who has rented the ; , t.ss.,v wils l,lisheil in the August
JIci rick hous-. arrived in Ashcvilleycstcr-1
day afternoon. He expressed himself ns;jcnka during his senior year in college
being well pleased with the-ahem !-! was managing editor of the Yale Record.
pleasant weather. ;
At a meeting of the executive commit
tee ot lln Carolina A I lilil ti' Tltil, It.-LI on
the mil dav of Novenilier. 188!) the fol-
lowing resolutions were unanimously i
adopted : j efforts that the club was enabled
Resolved, That the Carolina Athletic . . i . i 1 1 ,- i . ri .
iii .11 ., to take its highly success til trip of last
Club deeply deplores the decease of their .. 1
late nicmlKT. lid ward Wcddin, whereby j April, when it visited Savannah, Charles
thc club has lost from its ranks one of its ton and Atlanta, singing to delighted
licst members, and the community a eiti- j audiences in each citv.
zen ciulowcil witn inc tiiglicsl manly vir- i
tues, a mail always gentle, kind and 1
courteous to those around him, diligent
m business, ot sterling integrity, possess
ing and well deserving the love and con
li'lcuce of till who knew him, faithful in
every walk of lile, and a worthy exam
ple of sobriety and morality among
Resolved. That Iln elnli l,n,!,-rs to
the family of our departed member its i Barker at his fruit stand yesterday ex
sincere sympathy in their loss from the I hibited a large bunch of coconnuts as
family circle of one who wasalwaysa de- j tK.v werc t !,,. r()m tne tree a closelv
voted, alicctionate and dutiful son ami ; , , , , r ,
brother 1 compacted cluster of a dozen or more, in
Resolved, That these resolution be en- j their green husks looking for all the
tcred upon the records ot the Club, and world like a cluster of green gourds, ex
that the chairman lie requested to trans- KVt tnat thev .(,., the smmtth ,.
nut a copv thereof to the tanulv ot the . . . ... ...
deceased, "and one to Tiik As.ikmi.i.k dc(1 c"tur "f t,,,s vegetables. Proba-
Citizkn for publication.
Thus. A. Junes.
W. T. Pksximan,
L. P. McLorn,
Asheville, N. C. Novenilier 13, 1889.
Sprague Motor Company, of New York,
il gentleman widely known throughout
North Carolina. Col. Jenks, it will be
remembered, located and put in success
ful oieralion the corundum mine in Ma
con county, w hich nt the present time
j P'vs the greatest profits ot any similar
j "line m this country.
! lion of the State for legitimate and sale
j While dealing largely in timber hinds
' and mineral priqierties, the Messrs. Jeuks
will give especial attention to city and
suburban property, and also to a busi
ness which lias received meagre atten
tion in this Stale as compared with
other sections of the country, viz.: Life
and Accident insurance. The firm will
represent the Traveler's Insurance Com
pany, of Hartford, well known to all our
readers as one of the largest and finest
companies in the world, and will en
deavor to give it the same preemiiie-ice
here that it has acquired elsewhere
In view of the fact that the Messrs
Jeuks will be one of Ashcvillc's repre
sentative firms, a short biography of the
partners may be of interest to our read
ers. Mr. Charles N. Jcnks, the senior mem
ber of the firm, was bornin North Brook-
i- la t c. i..
--.rUy.,o.,r ,e. ago. .,,
i.i t, ne came to . Macon county, in tins
I State, when for a tintf he worked in the
corundum mine now owned by Captain
i Lucas. He became very familiar with
j corundum matters, which interest he has
always retnine-d and cultivated, being
to-day one of the few corundum experts
in the country. He has always been an
! time of his death, the foremost Merino
s,,w1' ,l,LCkr tl,is country.
states and territories.
In 188(5, he went to Montana to take
i charge of it large ranch1' there. He nian-
igcd it so successfully that the owners
were .able to stdl it after a time at a large
Mr. Jcnks has a host of" warm persona
friends all through the North and West
and among the mountain people here,
and has a thorough acquaintance wilh
the timber and mineral lands of Western
Mr. Arthur K. Jcnks, the junior part
ner of' the firm, was born in Boston,
Mass., twenty-four years ago. He grad
uated from the High school tit the age of
fifteen, sieiiiliiig the next two years ol
liislife in tlie South. He then entered the
journalistic arena in a reportorial ca-
pacitv an J finally became the citv editor
of the Brockton, Mass., Daily Gazette,
which position he held until 1KS", when
he entered Yale I'niversitv, graduating
from that institution last June- In his
sophomore year he took the prize otl'ered
bv Lippincott's Magazine for the best es
say on "Social Life at Yale." The com
petition for this prize was open to any
Yale under-gradtiate and there were no
. t. ... mi.n . , n. , . ., .
' .., i j .i . .
u-!is rt'iiu ly i-onsiilrrcn as t hi ,,rt'alpsl
.. . , ... ,.
,i., issT of I.ionim-oit's. Mr
one of the leading illustrated papers of
the college world. He was also a mem
ber of the Apollo Glee Club of Yale I'ni
; vcrsitv for three years, and was business
manager of the club during the last two
years of his course. It was due to Mr.
A glance at the references presented by
the Messrs. lenks will indicate at a
glance the character of their backing,
; which will establish for them immedi
ately a reputation ordinarily acquired
' only bv years of business lite.
A Curiosity to Many
; blv not more that one in a hundred could
guess what they were. They came from
j the Bahamas. They are well worth see-
ing. They suggest a cocoanut, as gen
erally seen, as much as a head of wheat
' does a loaf of bread.
THE KYHTFM Wll.l. HE F.STAR.
I.WHEU IJ ASHEVII.I.E.
The Postmaster General, Mr. I'.vi
art. Postmaster Camion and In
spector llurliv all Favor ii Tm
lleicin Not Later Than Jan. 15,
The free delivery system is a settled
tact. The Hon. H. (1. F.wart was told by
Mr. Wananiiiker, the postmaster general,
that the system will be introduced here.
Mr. Chas. R. Darby, the postufnee in
spector, of Washington, V. C, was in the
city yesterday, and said : "I shall recom
mend to the department nt Washington
to have the free delivery system estali
lished. If Asheville was a dead city like
many others in the South, I would not
be in favor of this step, but it is a grow
ing eity. Many buildings are being
erected and everything points to a con
tinued, steady growth nnd a rapid in
crease in point of size and population."
Both the postmaster, (1. W. Cannon,
and the inspector, Mr. Chas. Darby state
that the system will be in operation by
the loth of January. There will be five
letter carriers employed to distribute and
collect the mail. The deliveries will lie
made at 8 a. m., 2 p. in., and 5 p. m.
There will be special collections of the
mail matter at 8.15 a. m. and 11.30 a.
m. Altogether there will be five collcc
lections, as the letter carriers will collect
the mail from the letter boxes when they
make their deliveries. The numbcrof let
ter boxes stiitioned in different .parts of
the city will be thirty, of which the fol
lowing are the probablelocations: Two
on the public square and one at the Mat
tery Park, the Swaunanoa, the Grand
Central, the corner of Patton avenue and
and Haywood, Patton avenue and
Grove, Patton avenue and Roberts, Hav
wood and Academy, South Main near
Trexler's, South Main near Patton's,
North Main and Walnut, North Main
and Woodfin, North Main and East,
North Main and Sency, Woodfin and
Bridge, Woodfin and Charlotte, Woodfin
and North Pine, Charlotte and Clayton,
Charlotte and Baird, Patton and Spruce,
Poplar and South Pine, nnd Bailey and
Phillip streets. Other letter boxes will
be put up in different parts of the city as
public demands require it.
The carriers will be recommended by
Postmaster G. W. Cannon, and ap
pointed by the postmaster general. He
assures us that he intends to have a
good, efficient force, and all who know
him will place perfect reliance in his good
judgment and his ability to carry on and
manage the system, when once inau
gurated, according to the best interests
of the public.
The free delivery system will cause a
few changes in the present rates of post
age. All local m.-iil must have a two
cent stamp instead of the one cent stamp
which was used when writing to a per
son in the same place. All daily paers,
.vhen distributed by carriers, will be
taxed at the rate of one cent per copy
and all weeklies at the rate of one cent
per pound. This is the only part of the
expense which will fall on the citizens us
I'licle Sam will foot tn rest of the bill.
liE.NKKAI. CITV NEWS.
The usual services will be held in
Central Methodist church to-day.
The mail train from Salisbury, due
here at 4.3(5 p. m. did not arrive last
night until 1 1 o'clock.
It was a wild, ugly night last night,
and made worse by the darkness. For
some cause unknown to us the electric
lights werc not on, and the darkness was
Among the mishaps last night was the
blowing down of the sign at Grant's
Pharmacy and the crushing in of his
show windows. Daylight will reveal
other similar disasters.
Preaching at Riverside M. F church,
South, Sunday morning at 11 o'clock.
North Asheville at 7.30 o'clock p. m.
Sunday school at both churches at 3
o'clock. Hvcrbody invited to nttcd.
The gale last night blew down a num
ber of signs, the wind strengthening
about 11 o'clock, and the snow giving
place to rain. Among the signs blown -down
was that of Bostie Bros. &
The storm last night increased in inten
sity, as far us the height of wind was
concerned, so that wc were notified soon
after ten o'clock by the manager of the
telegraph office that the difficulty in re
ceiving messages was so great that it
was probable we would receive no more
dispatches after that hour. Therefore if
our telegraph service in this issue is cur
tailed, it is explained by thecnuses given,
The First tinow titnrni.
About 2 o'clock p. m. yesterday sleet
lK-gan to fall briskly, driven by a cold
south-east wind. In the course of an
hour or so, the sleet turned to snow,
and this fell thickly until nearly dark,
covering house tops with a wintry coat
ing of white and the ground with a mis
erable deposit of slush. The mercury
fell from 42 at 2 p. m. to 34 at 7 p. m.
Possibly this morning may find the
ground well covered, as at a late hour
there was no change in the direction of
the wind, which increased in force after
dark. This is the first snow storm,
though not the first snow of the season.
It is reported that a great deal of ex
citement hns been caused in the commu
nity on Sandy Mush creek, about the
Madison line, on account of a shooting
affray which took place there on Friday.
A gross insult offered by one of the par
ties to the other resulted in Swan Ram
sey shooting and killing Newton Gate