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THE DAILY CITIZEN.
The ClTIZttN U th moat- fTinik.lv r4
lated and widely read newspaper in Western
Its diarusHion of public men and measures
w in tne interest of public integrity, honeat
guicmuiciii, mm prosperous inuustrv, ana u
nows no personal allegiance in treating pub
The Citizen publishes the dispatches of the
A-Bwiim r-res, wmcn now covers trr
whole world in its scone. It has other facili
tks of advanced journalism for gathering
news iron, an quarters, with everythingeare
fully edited to occunv the smallest simce.
Specimen copies of any edition will be sent
itcio anv one senaing tneir at i areas.
Tbrms Daily, $ti for one year; $3 for si
monms; ou cents ior one montn ; id cents tc
One week. Carriers will deliver the oniH-r i
every part of the city to subscribers, and par
ties wanting it will please eull at the Citizen
Aovrktisino Rates Reasonable, and mat
known on application at this office. A
transient advertisements must be paid in al
Reading notices ten cents per line. Obit
arv. marriage and snrietv nntii'fM fiftv wn
each (not exceeding ten lines) or tilty cents
WEDNESDAY. DUCEMUER 11. 1889,
THIS UAV UK SAI!ii:if.
To-day the people of tlie South, as one
bereaved family, will stand sorrowing
round the bier of its departed head
Everywhere, and at the same hour, tin
emblems of sorrow, the sounds of mourn
ing, will unite all the people in one sad
heartfelt eereiiioni.il, a spontaneous tril
ute ol affection and of sincere grief. It
one final parting for our respected and
beloved chieftain, the just and prope
tribute we pay to the memory of hi
character and his service. It is the tril
ute of a brave and grateful people; of
people not afraid to avow lovaltv
him who led the cause that was lost, ol
a people not ashamed to Inar the oblig.-i
tion they incurred equallv with him
And it is also the tribute of an honorabl
and loyal people, who might not loc
back upon the past for thestill'ering it ha
brought, but who do look forward w itl
truthful and trustful eyes for the reco
pense tnev nnglit Hope ill peace am
unity, and who as such, may ask tha
the truth and trust they all feel sincerely
may justify them in their united piou
act. treed from the suspicion of unworth
or uncandid motives.
Let us bury our dead as becomes him
Well may we ask when sM.-akiti
Chicago, "can anything good come on
of Nazareth?" When the death of Mr.
Iavis is named by the papers of tha
city, we know what will be the response
ol the Intcr-Ocean.the Tribune and othe
republican haters of everything South
We did hope a little more ehai ity, a littl
more generosity, a little more truthful
ness in the democratic press. The demo
cratic "Chicago Times" informs us
cur error in the following comment :
Jeff Davis is dead. I'caccl'uilv tin
leader in the great rebellion passed a way
i.iugut to love Ins country, he became
traitor, and led in the lost cause. 1 licit-
mg conspiracy, he tilled nameless grave:
with thousands ot northern heroes
Cruel bullets made widows and orphan
and a martyr president met his doom
Remarkable history of one who ouei
lougnt lor tlie Hag, yet linallv turned
against it. Honored by a cabinet port
lono, ne sunereu disgrace and was
rested ill petticoats."
MR. IIAV1S1 FUUlK.llT.
It is invariably the case when disnp
pointment or disaster waits upon any
great undertaking, private or public, u
hud someoneindividualcalk-d tu suffer a:
the scajw goat. It is amazing to see how
the sagacity of the general mind bright
ens up as it takes cognizance of transac
lions, not as tncy untold themselves out
ol the obscurity of the future, but as they
stand revealed in the leadings of the
past. The "might have beens" become
invested with a post-prophetic clearness
and the wisdom of the "hindsights'
stanu tort li with all the authontv ot rev
elation. It is this wonderful perspicacity
in looking backwards which gave such
marvellous insight into the mysteries ol
campaigns, which sharpened the acumen
of military critics to such intensity ot
acuteness, which, in council chamber or
the editorial sanctum fought over all
battles to the utter overthrow of the
enemy, or which at street corners re
versed all the tactics and strategy of the
generals and the men especially charged
with the business of the field of war.
It so happened in the late war between
the States. To verv manv of the South
ern people, convinced ol the superior mil
itary qualities of the South, their famil
iarity with arms, their courage, thei
spirit, their endurance of hardships, and
the denial of like qualities to the same
extent, led to conclusions that proved ex
ceedingly erroneous. Vic tory was to be
plucked as a full ripened fruit ; and when
it was not snatched from the fortunes ol
war quite so easily as had been antici
pated, there was first surprise, then in
dignation, and then a search for a vic
tim upon whom responsibility would lie;
for there must have been a cause for dis
appointment, and there must have been
some one who had failed in some one or
other grave duty. It was the easiest
thing in the world to find such a one; it
could be no other than he who was at
the very head and front of the offence,
the man who had led, or rather forced,
the South into its trouble, the man who
had promised easy, certain success, and
n short triumph of promenade to victory
Jefferson Davis, the President of the
Southern Confederacy. Accordingly Mr.
Davis was arraigned for nil kinds of
short sightcdncss and improvidence, for
want of preparations proiKirtioncd to
the gravity of the crisis, for want of
providence in availing himself of the re
sources that lay in his grasp as a means
of providing the sinews of war. We can
not now elaborate the proofs that Mr.
Davis entered into the war reluctantly,
that he was convinced that it would be
a long, hardly contested one, that he
knew the insufficiency of preparation and
equipment on the Southern side, and
that he understood perfectly well its
financial weakness. To only one point
do we wish to direct attention, and that
is to the alleged neglect to secure and
transport to Europe the cotton crop of
the South as a basis of credit. It would
now, an the principle of hind sights,
seem easy and proper to do so. We
leave it to Col. A. T. Davidson, of Ashe
Tille, who was an active member of the
Confederate Congress, to give an expia
tion which is satisfactory, as well as new
to us. Another explanation is also suf
ficiently conclusive. This is that the
Confederate government organized in
Montgomery in February could not
have been effectively in operation
for many weeks after; that some of
the cotton States did not join the Con
federacy until the following May; and
that as to them, the peaceful course
of trade was uninterrupted, and
that, more than all as relutes to the aj
plieation of the cotton crop as a war
fund, the crop season, beginning on the
first of September, and following its us
ual annual course of export, had largely
found its way to Northern parts or to
Europe before the Confederate govern
ment came into being. It had passed
We present the following communica
tion from Col. Davidson, which will be
found an interesting page in the history
of the days of the Confederacy :
WHO FOUKSAW A LONO WAR ?
In the quarter of a century now past,
it is convenient to say, "Who?" Never
theless it is true, that Mr. Davis did see
it and so act.
After the battle of Manasses, in an ad
dress from the Spottswood hotel, in
Kichmoiid, Mr. Davis, who hail just then
returned from the bloody field Hushed
with victory, proclaimed to at least 10,
iMMi people there assembled that the vic
tory on that field was glorious, but that
die war was not over, and that the
struggle would be long anil arduous,
and that the South ought not to hug the
delusion to their breast that the war
rt'us over, but that we might lie prepared
i'ora long and enduring struggle. Surely
lie then, with his great ami gigantic per
ception foresaw that the end was not
Not only this, but early in the provis
ional congress, a Mr. Hrooks, of Missis
sippi, understood to be the friend and
confident of the administration, intro
duced a bill authorizing the Confederate
States to buv all the cotton of the South
on Confederate account ; to either store
the same or ship it, as the necessities
might be, subject to the draft of the Con
icilerate hiatestreasurv. I ntortunatelv
as now seen, this was taken asa measure
-)f the cotton States to dispose of their
cotton lor cash, while the middle States
were left to furnish the food, and the cot
con men got the proceeds of their crops
in cash. o the lull tailed to pass.
This shows that Mr. Davis was fully
iware of the great prolongation of the
struggle, and that he was not of those
who expected a short, sharp war, to end
before the "pomp and circumstance of
glorious war" got to the field. Certainly
Mr. Davis foresaw the importance and
stupendous nature of the conflict, and
by all the means at his command tried
to provide lor it.
It is a great mistake to say that Mr.
Davis took up the Confederate States
,'overnment. ( n theconlrarv, the govern
ment took him up; and he was only the
representative of the Southern idea. And
while the South has no apologies to
make, .Mr. Davis was no more jiersotially
responsible than the humblest soldier
who tired a gun from the ranks. Hut
time would fail and lite is too short to
.onviiKe a victorious, mean, public spirit
t this lad.
THE MORROW SHOE
GAINING REPUTATION EVERY DAY,
J m nJ,.
A KOIII.lv SIM KIT.
Hlood is thicker than water; true nobil
ity ot character asserts itself through the
nists of prejudice; genuine worth shines
through the clouds of passion. And so
me noble member of the Grand Army of
the Republic bravely and nobly speaks
ior himself and for his comrades when
they press their demand to share in the
onors to be paid to-day to the ex-Chief
f the Confederacy. The rebellion did
not in the eyes of Capt. Jacob Gray ob
scure or conceal all that Jefferson Davis
ad done to illustrate the fame of his
country in the field, in the council, in the
cabinet, did not dim the lustreofhis early
gallantry in the Black Hawk war, threw
no cloud over the splendors of Buciin
Vista, did not detract from his eloquence
u the senate, abated nothing of his wise
(induct of the department of war. He
had freely shed his blood ill the field as a
patriot, he had uplifted the glory of his
country in the senate, he had advanced
her powers of defence or offence whilst
it the head of the war department, he
had laid up a treasure of patriotism
which no after act could diminish. Histo
ry in after years will writethat in the war
irrayed against the power of his coun
try, he was still the patriot, mistaken
erliaps in the means he took to secure
onstitutional rights, but pure, single
icuncu, personally unnmDiLious. i Here
rill be many like Capt. Grav to accord
nun tins justice, to do lum this honor.
ne clip the following Irom a New Or
leans telegram in connection with the
preparation for the obsequies of to-day
All the confederate veterans are verv
much pleased with the fraternal spirit
which cnaractenzea tne remnrksol Lapt
lacob Cray, of the Grand Armv of tin
Republic made before the executive com
mittee last Saturday night. On that oc-
asion he stated that he would be proud,
soldier ot the United States, to
honor the memory of the illustrious pa
triot, soldier and statesman of the south
He could not forget that lefferson Davis
ad neen also a soldier ot the United
States, who had rendered distinguished
service, or fail to recognize that he was
great and pure man. leflerson Davis
hould, as a gallant soldier, be accorded
soldier s burial, with every show of the
profouudest respect and love ot his peo
If it is agreed, continued Cant. Grnv
that the body of the dead chieftain shall
lie borne into the cemetery upon the
shoulders of old veterans. I. "as a renre-
sentative of the Grand Army of the Re-
ptiutic, snail certainly demand to have
the right to assist in" the performance of
mit sad nonoraole nutv.
Dr. Parker Prays cream Van-Ola, Rosa
line, Ongaline and Diamond nail powder
having now liccome the ladies' favorites,
t F. L. Jacob's drug store, these popular
manicure articles may always be found,
together with pocket emery board, or
ange wood sticks, nail scissors, files and
other such requisites. Also a complete
line of drugs and toilet articles, in addi
tion to the Hebe Sodo Fountain from
Inch ice cold drinks are dispensed. Cor
ner Main street and Patton avenue.
"Miss Smiley is going to travel under
an assumed name." "You surprise me!"
"Yes; she is going to be married next
week and going on her wedding journey."
The pleasant flavor, gentle action and
soothing effect of Syrup of Figs, when
in need of a laxative and if the father or
mother be costive or bilions the most
gratifying results follow its use, so that
it is the best family remedy known and
every family should have a bottle.
Pelham's Drug Store is conducted on
merit, and his patrons save "ten per
cent. No. 24 Patton avenue, opposite
Grand Central hotel.
Again we call your special
attention to the celebrated
Morrow Shoes, which have
stood tlie test for many years
for Puuamlity. for Excel
lexck of Style, for Comfort
and Exactness of Fit, being
equal in quality, style and fit
to any Fine Shoes made.
"We carry the above Shoes
in several different styles, and
will have no trouble to suit
you in siz
Nor any trouble to sell you
again in the future.
AVe have in stock a com
plete line of all kindsofShoes
of every def'able style kept.
We mean to sell. No more
lome and examine our
goods ; it will not cost you a
We want you to call and
trade with us, with the assur
ance that you will be treated
well on all occasions.
A full line of DRY GOODS.
Hats and t'lothingalwayson
hand at astonishingly low
Rostlc Bros. & Wright
BOOKS AND STATIONERY,
riCTCRES AND PRAM RS,
BUNK BOOKS, EVERVGRADK,
POLLS, TOYS AND GAKTKS,
WESTERN N. C. SCENES,
aa S. Main Street.
If you want a good Um
brella that is warranted not
to CRACK call on
THE LEADING JEWELER.
A fine line of imported han
dles different, "you know,"
from anyone else's.
THE CATHOLIC CHURCH PROPERTY
This nlat of 744 ft errs on Vn11v mirt tit
old Catho ic church property, it now offered
for sale either am a whole or in lots to suit
Thi property Is on a beautiful eminence in
the eastern section of the city, commanding
a view almost equal to the Battery Park of
all the mountains around Asheville. Therris
a large church building on it that can easily
be converted into a residence, arnunri u-hli.
stands a erove of orisrinal native nub. tUmt
hades the larger part of the property. This
property will be offered at private sale either
in sections or aa a whole till the 29th r
jauumj, .nttu, BBU 11 DDI BOIQ l mat time
it will be sold at public anction. on reasnn.
Flats of the Dronertv m h mi -. n..
NATT ATKINSON ft SON,
nor .10 dtf . Real Estate Dealers.
Mrs. Toe Person Remedy cured Mrs.
B. S. Spiers, Como, Hertford, Co., N.
C, of rheumatism, indigestion, and
erysipelas, after she bad suffered for
rears, and could get no relief from other
We haven't changed our
"ad." in The Citizen for some
days; not because we had
nothing to say, but just be
cause we haven't had the
time. Our store has been full
of people every day, our trade
has never been so large, and
we are glad to be able to say
that notwithstanding the
influx of new stores, and the
large stocks of goods, the
"Big Racket Store" retains
all its old friends and adds
new ones daily. The reason
is plain and easy of under
standing. We warrant every
thing we sell to be as repre
sented, or we give you buck
your money. We underbuy
anybody in Asheville, and can
easily undersell anyone. We
sell more shoes than the Shoe
Store because tve sell them
cheaper, and we sell as good
Shoes as any store in the
city. We sell Clothingcheaper
than a Clothing Store, and
more of it. Tinware at half
prices, (J lass ware and house
hold using things so much
cheaper than others that
people wonder how we get
them. That doesn't matter;
we have them, and they are
yours with a good title when
you bring the cash. Ilibbons,
Tips, Birds and Wings, we
have always sold at less than
half of Millinery Store prices
ana earry tnree times as
large stocks. While our line
of Dress Goods is not as large
as soliie, what we have has
been bought at such prices
that we can easily sell them
lower than others, and stil
make some money on them.
Hats, Handkerchiefs, Cdoves,
Stockings (fast black and
cheaper grades), Quilts, Blan
kets, Shawls, Mats, Rugs,
Trunks, Valises, Hand Bags
Hoods, Caps, Furs, Curtains
Poles, Shades, are among
our leaders. No well posted
citizen of Asheville buys any
of these things without pric
ing ours, and we would have
the country people and those
who live in near-by towns en
joy the same privilege. We
sold more Christmas goods,
presents, etc., last Christmas
than any other store in Ashe
ville, and shall be fixed for a
large trade this year. We
shall have a big line for
you to select from, and shall
be able to fit goods to any
pocket book from a nickel to
as high as you want to go
Don't buy ANYTHING until
you have been to the "Big
Racket Store." No trouble
to show goods, and we don't
get mad if you don't buy.
We want you to see what a
complete "Department Bar
gain Store" the "Big Racket"
is. Our variety of rroods and
the size of our stock would
do credit to a city of 25,000
inhabitants. Come and Bee
us, and if prices and goods
don't suit you, don't buy
but be sure to come.
GEO. T. JONES & CO. I
" Oyster ' Parlor.
Meal at all Hours. Electric
Cars Pasa the Door
I tke pleasure In announcing the Oynter
Sen son of 1 rtKO-'UO hn opened, nnd my long
eiperience In the bunineaa justifies me In
nuaurinK the public that I enn plense and pat
My All customer. I will serve ovstern In the
bent style, nnd dealing only with reliable
houses, enn offer the finest bivalves on the
market. Try our
Or Tan Roast. Boston Bay Stewsaspedaltv,
Great care w ill be taken with nil orders I
se'l only the finest and freshest oysters that
can be had. I receive shipments direct from
packers every afternoon. Charges reason
able. My restaurant is also supplied with
BIRDS, GAME, FRESH FISH, ETC.,
At all times. Special attention given to lady
customer?. Tolite and attentive waiters.
Board by day, week or month with or with
out rooms. If you want the best the market
affords call on
E. STRAI SS, Propr.,
South Main Strwt.
NBW HOt'SB! NEWLY FURNISHED I
ALL MODERN IMPROVEMENTS.
MRS. N. B. ATKINSON,
No. 211 Haywood Stmt.
A larce house. SIR Patton arrnue. "Warm.
comfortable rooms. On street car line.
octHdtira MRS. J. L. SMATHBRR.
MRS. S. STEVENSON
Has removed to the Johnston Building, Patl
ion avenue, corner oi inuirn street, where
she is nreuared to keen rcmilar or transient
boarders. Table furnished with the best the
market affords. Termsreasunahle. mar31mfl
J. W. SCIIARTLE,
42 N. Main St.
FAMILY GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
A Rent for Rcema Creek Woolen Mills.
North Mnin . Asheville, N. C.
WM. R. PENNIMAN.
THE ASHEYILLE BRICK WORKS,
Asbeville, N. C.
P. O. Box P.
GENERAL CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Mosaic Tile and Cement work a specialty.
Grates, Ranges and Boilers set.
Buildings moved and repaired In first class
Sewerage. Drainage and traps for the same
thoroughly understood and promptly at
Office: Wolfe nuilding. Court House Square,
Asheville, N. C. majSodly
J. II. LAW, 57, 59 & 61 S. Main St., Ashevi)
HOLIDAY 1 1889 ? S E A S 0
SEE WHAT WE OFFER IN LOW PRICED UOODS, N
EITIES, TOYS, ETC.
The stock of finn Pottery, Glass, Lamps, Silver and .
dry is already well known.
The basement, or Toy and Bargain Department, is
of new poods, at He., 10e., 15c. 20c. and 25c. One hat
idea of what 5c, 10c. or 15c. will Iniy till they see tl
A FIXE STOCK CHILDREN'S BOOKS, at about one-1
usual price: A $1 book sells for G5c, a 25c book for
Nicely bound Story Books of about 500 pages at -35c. et
Scrap Albums at 10c. to 35c, worth double. Portfol
furnished, 15c to 75c.
DOLLS! DOLLS! DOLLS! The prettiest, cheapest i
best lot of Dolls ever seen in Asheville, from 5c. to $6 et
CHRISTMAS BOOKLETS AND CARDS. A splen
display, all carefully selected. We are prepared to sup
Sunday Schools at lowest prices. Also beautifully pres
Flowers for sending abroad.
MARCUS WARD'S STATIONERY AND CALENDA
A large line and very low prices. We make a special p
on the finest Linen Paper nnd Envelopes, 25c. per li
Calendars 15c. to 35c. each.
MOTTO (and not Motto) (TPS, SAUCERS ami PLAT
Hundreds of styles from 10c. to 50c Vases in great v
ety at all prices. We claim the finest line of Vases in
htnte and the lowest prices.
new and pretty.
AND NOVELTIES. Every th
REAL JAP SILK nnd Crejie Handkerchiefs and Shaw
Fine Hanging and Stand
La m ps, Ster I ing Si 1 ver G ood s ,
and Jewelry. See real Silver
Bangles at 35c. and 05c each.
Silver Plated Ware, best
grade, Royal Worcester nnd
Doulton Potterv. IlnnfrfirinTi
and Dresden China, Clocks,
Bronzes and Engravings.
See choice line, my r
importation, of the celet
ted Bell Stamp Li mo
I am nil ready for Xr
trade now. Do not put
buying till last moment, I
call at once or write
prices of what you want.
J. II. LAW
57, 59 & 01 S. Main St., Asheville, X. C.
THB LAROKST AND BUST KQt'IPI'BD IN
CHEMICAL AND ANALYTICAL LABORATORIES
II. C. Woltcreck & Co.
COMSt'LTINO CIIRUIST AND MINIMI BNUINRKRS.
Analyse of Mr tain, Ores, Coal or Coke, Min
erai w aters, Fertilizers, etc.
PRICK LIST ON APPLICATION.
Mlnine nrooertv lnvMtii7tra AvrnA
Sample can be ent bT mall or fxnrran.
ent by express, charges must be prepaid.
aucuii wuiiicu in every pi nee,
DR. H. C. WOLTCRECK.
oovS d&wly Manaxer.
TLANTIC COAST LINB
On and after this date the following Mrheri-
ulea will be run over it "Columbia IH vision. "
no. od ieavea Columbia 6.20 p. m.
Arriveii at Charleston o an m.
ru. of Leaves nancsi.onw 7.1U a. m.
Arrives at Columbia 11.55 a. m.
Connectintr with trains to Anil from nil
points on the Charlotte. Cohimhift An
KUfita and Columbia & Greenville Railroads,
T. M. EMERSON, Gen. Pass. At.
J. F. DEVI MB. Gen. Suot.
For grntlcmtn. A perfect shoe at a moderate
cost. Try a pair of our specialties in gentle-
men .footwear, at ao.uu, S4.0O, K3.AO, 93.99,
$2.5(1 and -i.OO. Btctt pair warranted. Ki
amine oar specialties for ladies at $.00.
2.99. 2.RO and 2.00, nneicelled for torn
fort, durability and style.
Insist on bavins: the original M A. Packard
A Co.'s Shoe. The genuine have our .tnmn
on bottom of each shoe. Bent postpaid ta
any part of the U. S. onTccelpt of price. M.
PACKARD ft CO.. Brockton. M au Rr
sale in Asbeville by
H. REDWOOD & CO.
aujcl 1 deod 8moa an we fri
BUGGIES, CARRIAGES, BLACKSMITHING.
To tbedtlsena of Asbeville and vicinitv I
would announce that at mv shoos onColleare
street, nest to Woodbury's stable. I am bet
ter prepared tnaa ever to do work in my line.
waxons.'BuK'irte and Carriages manufact
ured. Repairing and horse-enoelns; arc spe
cialties, and pcrtect satisfaction Kuarnnteed.
My workmen ara experienced and skillful and
my charjrea are J
WE WISH TO ANNOUNCE !
That we control the State of
NORTH -i- CAROLINA
For the sale of the celebrated
MORRIS & IRELAND SAFES,
Manufactured by the
DETROIT SAFE COMPANY.
These safes are absolutely fire and burglar proof, aiu
workmanship and superiority of finish are unsurpassed.
In the recent great fires in Boston and Lynn, scores of
MORRIS & IRELAND SAFES
Passed through the terrible conflagration unscathed, tl
contents being unharmed by the flames; while, on the ot!
hand, many of the safes made by rival firms were redui
by the fearful heat to a mere mass of melted iron.
WE WANT AGENTS
For these safes in every city and town in this State, a
liberal commissions will be paid to good, live men.
All parties desiring to purchase safes are invited to c
at our offices and examine samples. A little investigati
will demonstrate to anyone the superiority of the
MORRIS & IRELAND SAFES
Over all others, and our prices are low enough to satii
everybody. We want to sell
ONE HUNDRED SAFES ! I !
In Asheville during the next twelve months, and w
going to do it!
JENKS & JENKS,
REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE,
Room 9 and 10, McAfee Block,
j8 PATTON AVENUE,
ASHEVILLE, N. C.
W. D. ROWE,
All eyes fitted and Bt guaranteed. A com
plete stork of the above goods at
GRANT'S DRUG STORE,
3 SOUTH MAIN STREET.
Oculists' Prescriptions a specialty.
rV4 On 1 room house on Starnesavenn
with all modern improvements.
a Pa. faipu -....1
- - .
. . T. C. 8TARNRS,
e$ dtf Or M. B. Roberta.
All kinds of Mo
Headstones, V i
and Vaaes made
order in the lal
Yard At Bnncon
A NBW DEBD, carefully prepared by lei
2 ing members of the Asheville bar i
nert parchment and heavy flat paper) c.
ering all accessary poiatajast out and n
on sale at the office of the Crraaa Puaui
t Co.. Nn. Nnrth Cmrt naaare. rianT