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THE DAILY CITIZ
I THE DAILY CITIZEN
For Rtnt, and Lost Notices, three
lines or less, 2.ri Cents for
.i tlellvered to Vlnlton In any part of
, the City.
Si . .i One Month
': . j.'ITwo Week, or lr..
ASHEVILLE, N. C, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1889.
WILL PROHABLV ADJOl'RN ON
,s THE 19TH TO THE 6TH.
The Serjteniit-at.Arnis Found to
- Have He-en "Shavtnir" the Bala
rles of Congressmen The Re-
peal of all Tobacco Tax.
. Washington, December 12. SENATE
In furthcrexecution of the nrrntiKement
us to committees, Wulcutt was excused
from service on tlie committee on Indian
t Petitions from various parishes of
Louisiana in favor of a national election
law were presented by Senators lngulls,
Sherman and Evarts. Anions the hills
... introduced and referred were the follow
ing: By Mr. Sherman, to revive the grade
. of Lieutenant General of the army.
i Hv Mr. Buller, for the emigration of
persons of color from the Southern
5 A oint resolution of the Florida legis
'lalure in favor of a national ship canal
across the Florida peninsula, and of the
- improvement of the St. Johns river, was
presented by Mr. Call, rend in full, and
: referred to the committee on commerce.
i Mr. Gibson offered a resolution t which
" was referred to the committee on foreign
relations) instructing that committee to
inquire into the expediency and practica
bility of acquiring or setting apart a
territory for theoccupation of the negroes
or colored citizens of the United States,
and also to inquire how far, and in what
" manner, the Government of the United
: Mates can and ought equitably aid the
freedmen of the I'nited States, their fain
dies and descendants, tocmigralcthereto
and to settle thereon, ami to establish a
: ;- system of common school education.
Mr. Ingalls offered a concurrent resolu
tion I which went over without action)
" for the holiday recess of the two bouses
V from Thursday, December 19, to Mon
day, (anuary 6. I'mlcr the resolutions
offered by Senators Aldrich and Plait,
' the changes in the committees prepared
in caucus and already published were
agreed to. After a brief executive session
the senate adjourned till Monday.
IIOI'SK. The report of the Silcott
' committee was presented to the house
to-day. The report gives n detailed state
ment of the assets and liabilities in the
office on December 5. The shortage is
. stated at $70,708.!0. It states that the
- committee has not yet made sufficient in
"vestigation of the matter of discounts
and and notes. Many notes, the
committee believes, were forged to cover
the di falcation already existing. It also
says that the committee cannot too sc
"ercly condemn the manner in which the
sergeant at arms conducted the affairs of
" his office.
i Mr. Parson offend a resolution con
t tinuing the committee and giving it en-
?! larged powers, on which a long debate
4 sprang up.
't Immediately after reading the journal,
Mr. Butterworth, of Ohio, rising to a
-.' question of privilege, offered a preamble
'. and resolution reciting the facts in the
"..'case of the publication of what is known
j as the ballot box contract and asking for
the appointment of a committee of five
4 to make full and thorough investigation
land report without delay the evidence
and finding thereinto the house. The
: committee is to ascertain and report by
whom the said contract was prepared,
and whether the signatures are forgeries
- or genuine. It forged, what person or
' persons directly or indirectly aided,
abetted, assisted, or knowingly consented
i. to the preparation and utterance of said
forgery, and for what purpose and in
tent ; whether of any members of the
? house whose names apcared on the nl
! leged contract had or baveeituer directly
- " or indirectly anv unlawful, corrupt, or
impropper connection with, or interest
in the ballot boxes.
The resolution further provides that the
committee shall have authority to call
for jiersons and papers, administer oat lis,
Mr. Butterworth detailed the circum
stances of the publication in the Cincin-
nati Commercial uazette ot various
I phases of this matter.
Mr. lirecucnriogc, oi rkcntucKy, waosc
name was also appended to the alleged
contract, joined with Mr. Butterworth
j in asking lor tlie appointment oi me
.-! The resolution was adopted without
. Mr. Adams, of Illinois, chairman of the
-'.special committee to investigate the
.:"'.'. office of sergennt-nt-arms, made what he
.' ; said was a partial report from the com
If. ; niittee. The report puts the deficiency at
I ? $7I),7)X, and says there was found also a
'3 note from Leedo'm for $l.o.r0 on which
i unlv $150 had been paid. Iifurtlierstatcs
tha't the scrgeant-at-arms bad been ilis
S i counting the salaries and notes of mem
? hers of the bouse, and that although it
t i was claimed that this was done from pri
f ynte funds, there was evidence that, in
- -7 some instances at least, it had been taken
'. from the government safe and the profits
retained by the sergeant-at-arms. It says
; j the committee cannot too severely con
's ,".f dunn the negligrnt manner in which the
' j sergeant-at-arms conducted his office,
.t and exonerates the paying teller and
i s bookkeeper from blame. Tne report con
eludes with the statement that the corn
's' 1 mittee did not feel authorized to go into
X? the question of liability.
(At the conclusion or tne long acoate
which followed, a resolution was adopted
directing the committee to report as to
the effect or result of any deficiency in the
.cash of the sergeant-at-arms' office, and
: especially as to the unpaid salaries to
members, accompanying their report
with a bill if necessary; also one offered
i j by Mr. Hemphill, ot South Carolina, di
recting sergeant-at-arms Holmes to ar
. range with the treasury department for
i J the payment of the mileage ot members
' - and delegates.
Mr. Brower, of North Carolina, intro
r i duced a bill for the repeal of the tux on
i- i tobacco in all its forms. Referred to the
v . committee on ways and means,
t, ' The house then adjourned to Monday.
Beaten, Not Convinced.
There will be a greater gathering ot
Confederate soldiers in New Orleans to
day, to bnrv leffcrson Davis, than there
has been at any time since thewur. The tri-
P ,. .,o.a Ant Piroirlrnt nf thl
Confederacy s sincere. It is probably
the last treat public expression of sym
pathetic rememberance of a lost cause.
"When the Southern soldiers laid down
f their arms they were beaten, not con
vinced. The monrninR oyer their fallen
leader has no trace of bitterness in it. It
is a vindication of toe courageous hon
esty of Duroose which impelled a whole
people to try the terrible arbitrament of
Washington, December 12. The Sen-
ate to-day confirmed the nomination of ; pole on a damp day. The proper regula
Green B. Kaura to be commissioner of tion of electricity is looming us as a very
From Hlnhop Beckwlth'a Memo
rial AddreMM at Atlanta.
"No amount of human hatred has been
able to point to a spot or a stain on tlie
character of Jefferson Davis. Whatever
his judges may claim against him, it is
true that when once he believed he was
obeying; the call of duty, no power short
of the omnipotence of God, could make
him swerve from the path he had chosen.
"The past is too closed for this genera
tion to do him justice, but in the future a
different verdict will lie rendered, and fu
ture generations will look and know it
to lie true, that no more monumental
character than that of Jefferson Davis
ever existed. He is a model tor the
young men of the South. Absolutely
pure, absolutely earnest and absolutely
conscientious, he is as grand an illustra
tion of duty us can Ik found in the his
tory of the world. Never counting the
cost of an action he considered right, be
cause he brought his great life to the
foot of the cross and took his inspiration
"I think he was a greater mun in the
dnvs of his misfortune than in the days
of his prosperity. No power could ever
wring from him the acknowledgement
that the cause for which he struggled
was not a just one. He was never
grander than when he wore the shackles
hanging to his wrists, and occupied a cell
as a felon.
"Once I spoke to him of those days.
The face so gentle and the smile so win
ning I saw transfigured. He spoke no
word, but the lines about bis face grew
"The color faded from his cheeks, and
the light in his eyes grew hard. He was
transformed into monumental iron, and
though he uttered not a word, I had but
to look at him to cee a spirit which was
master almost of death.
"Let us remember that as the future
will honor Mr. Davis because he was
pure, because he was brave, and lwcause
of his devotion to duty, so the future wi 1
inscribe our names on the book of life
just as we are pure hearted and brave as
"When Mr. Davis left public life and
betook himself to the retirement and
privacy of his home, no offers could bring
him to alter his decision and accept
either position or wealth. There in his
home he sat apart, a simple gentleman
but the monumental representative of a
cause that was lost. So age gathered
'bout him while the watchers stood at a
distance, admiring always, but unable to
offer consolation. At last out of the si
lence caine a voice that wliis'icred to
him: 'The Master is come and calleth
for thee.' Then the great spirit winged
its way into the shadow of the valley of
death and is now in Paradise with God.
"Let us remember the eniample of his
life. He was a child of God's church
the incarnation of principle and the
greatest exponent of duty jierformed for
V 1CT KRANS MICKT.
A Fund for a Monument to toe
Rained at Once.
New Orleans, December 12. A mass
meeting of Confederate veterans was
held Inst night, and resolutions were
adopted mourning the death ol the great
Chieftain, and pledging themselves to
provide a fund for the family of the de
censed and to raise a monument to his
Gov. John B. Gordon, of Georgia, pre
sided, and addressed the meeting as fol
lows: "To me, and doubtless to you,
this is one of the saddest, yet sweetest
and proudest occasions of a lifetime;
saddest, because we have just borne to
his tomb our great Chieftain ; sweetest,
because we have laid him to rest after
life's fitful fever is over, true to the
memories of the past, nnd doubtless true
to the duties of the future and the glory
of our American republic, the grief over
his death is ours, but his lame will yet be
claimed for his country nnd mankind."
Gov. Gordon then urged that a fund
should be raised to build a monument to
lis memory, and provision made for
Mrs. Dauis, and the daughter of the Con
federacy, because it was a holy duty to
our own manhood and the highest priv
ilege left us.
Addresses were also made by Governor
Huekner, of Kentucky ; Gov. Lnwry, of
Mississippi; Gov. Fowle, of North Caro
lina ; Gov. Kagle, of Arkansas; Gov.
Fleming, of Florida, and Gov, Nichols, of
Louisiana, nnd others.
A Letter by Mr. DavlH Concerning;
Boston, Mass., December 12. When
General Grant was dying in Mount Mc
Gregor cottage, the Boston Globe in
structed its New Orleans correspondent
to interview Jefferson Davis. Mr. Davis
was not seen personally, but a few days
later Denned the following letter:
"Dear Sir: Your request on behalf of
a Boston journal for me to prepareacrit
icism on General Grant's military career
cannot be complied with for the follow
ing reasons: First, General Grant is dy
ing; second, though he invaded' ourcoun
try witb a ruthless hand, it was with an
oien hand ; and as far as I know he abet
ted neither arson or pillage, and lins since
the war, I believe, shown no malignity to
the Confederates either in military or
civil service. Therefore, instead of seek
ing to disturb the quiet of his closing
hours, I would if it were in my power,
contribute to the pence of his mind and
the comfort of his body.
"(Signed) Jkkferson Davis."
JKFFCRTON DAVIS FATHER.
He Was a Native of Rochester.
New Bedford. Mans., Special, fith.
In conversation with Willian C. N.
Swift this morning, a reporter learned a
bit of history concerning the ancestry of
Jefferson Davis which, it is uenrven, nas
not before been published. Mr. Swift
says that the father of Jefferson Davis
was a brother of Joseph Davis, the cele
brated Quaker preacher, of Rochester,
Mass., and lived in that town. He
moved to Kentucky, where he married u
wealthy widow, and in that State Jeffer
son Davis was born. When the latter
was at the North, in the summerof 1860,
he stopped at Newport, R. I. As there
was a movement then on foot to offer
him the nomination of a section of the
democratic party for President of the
I'nited States, the late Henry J. 1 nomas,
of this city, went to Newport to see Mr.
Davis in regard to the matter, and in
the course of conversation Mr. Davis
acknowledged to Mr. Thomas that his
father belonged in Rochester
In New Orleans a man was instantly
killed by leaning against an electric light
' serious problem.
SUMMARY OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FOR
TUB U. S. SIGNAL SERVICE
Kleva'on, 2,350 feet Hliove Sen Level. Latitude, 35.30 N. Longitude. 82.26 W. Hours
Keif regittteriuK maximum antl minimum
June I 7 2i
August ..1 tin H5
September... fi'3 00
()ctiber...;d 62 29
tutat T3H7 57"
Menn for I
Mummer...) 64 59
49 SO 89
B4 55 1 91
no oaf W3
54 4(1 2
54 3.'( Hr,
! 73 X2 l
. OH :
menn for y'rj
6452 65 59 44 0l) 77 61
WHITES AND III.AI KH.
HcnHlble F.xpreHKloiiH From the
Mew Vorh Sun.
New York Sun.
In a letter to the Chattanooga Times
on the race question at the South.
Judge D M. Key makes these remarks:
"II a Southern white man or while wo
man places himself or herself on terms of
social equality with the colored people,
visits them upon equal terms, dines with
them ut their own homes or at the table
of the white person, the while man or
woman so doing falls out of the South
ern social world. If one from the North
comes here, and places himself upon
terms of social equality with the colored
race, he too, finds the door of Southern
soeieiy shut against him; but his fall is
in nowise different in loriu or conse
quences from that of the Southern man
who demeans himself similarly. This is
the rock upon which many excellent
men and women from the North have
We do not see how any man or wo
man from the North could have any
misconceptions ns "to that matter.
White people at the North who consort
with negr es on terms of social equality,
are treated in the same way by their
white neighbors. There is no difference
between North and South in that re
sjiect, unless it be that here the prejudice
against negroes on account of their mere
color is stronger than at the South.
During the early abolitionist dajsthe
experiment of introducing negroes into
white society was made, but it did not
work. Nor has the race prejudice been
obliterated by emancipation. -In all
Northern towns and villages the negroes
are compelled to live apart, in quarters
inhabited by them wholly, or almost
wholly. Here, in New Vork, they really
suffer much hardship because of this dis
crimination. They cannot select theit
residences, as white people do, from
among a vast number, but must go to
the comparatively few tenements in
which negroes are allowed, which are
usually in districts where the population
is colored altogether. If the lundlord ol
an ordinary tenement house should in
troduce a colored family, no matter how
neat and respectable, he would lose his
In the more or less frequent instances!
where a white woman marries a colored
man, she is driven out of the society of
her white relations and friends, and is
coldly received in colored society. The
case of the white woman who married
the Hon. Frederick Douglass, now Minis
ter to I lay ti, is a conspicuous example ot
this loss of caste. She has been ostracized
by white people generally, and the
colored people were incensed ngainst Mr
Douglass for marrying her instead of a
woman of his own race nnd color. When,
loo, he was to be sent to Hayti on n
inan-of-war it is said there was trouble
in getting a white officer to command
the vessel. Even at Hayti, with its
negro government, Mr. Douglass has
been received as if his appointment was
in the nature of an insult, and tin
Diplomatic corps have no social relations
with him. He can hardly ever have there
the influence which any respectable white
Minister would have. The Ilaytian
Government argues that as this is a
white Government it should send a white
man ns its representative, according to
the custom of other nations of whiles. It
does not want Mr. Douglass, though in
him the African blood has been diluted.
When a colored cadet is nppointcd to
West Point he has a hard time ol it, and
his bitterest persecutors are Northern
lads. No colored cadet has yet gone
through the Naval Academy at An
napolis, and if there I nd been a colored
midshipman the poor fellow would pos
sibly never have returned from his first
voyage. It is true there are colored
students in some of our colleges at the
North, but they are obliged to liveapart.
no matter how kindly disposed their
fellow students may be toward them.
The white churches do not reject col
ored members and attendants, and yet
at the North no less than at the South
nearly all the religiously disposed colored
people are gathered in churches of their
own and under pastors of their own
race. The black Christians feel more at
home by themselves. So also in theatres,
hotels, and restaurants there is a practi
cal discrimination ngainst the blacks
which no enactment can prevent.
Mr. Davis' Old Body Servant.
Raleigh, N. C, December 11. James
H.Jones, who was the bodv servant of
Jefferson Davis at the time of hiscapture.
anil nas lor many years neennioerman m
this city, to-day sent the following dis
"Raleigh, X. C, Iiecember 11
"To Mayor Shnkspcare, New Orleans.
"As the old body servant of the late
Jefferson Davis, my great desire was to
oc tne oriver of me remains ui mv uio
master to their last resting place. Return
ing too late to join the white delegation
from this city, I am deprivec of an op-
port unity ol showing my lusting apprecia
tion lor mv best friend.
"Jamks H. Jones."
At the memorial to-day he had a sent
immediately in front of the stage. When
last here, Mr. Davis excused himself from
other cullers to go to his room and talk
with "Mv friend, James Jones."
The Hon. William Scott will next
spring erect a mausion at Erie, Pa., to
STATION, (DR. K. v. RUCK'S SANITARIUM), ASHEVILLE, N. C.
Thermometer, eiposed in U. S. SiKmU Service
- ' 1
v I A
1 13 I f
2 ifc I S !
6 5? ! J
J ' S
o S, "a
i 35 S.
"3"o"3()T"aS 7'8I 60 i5j3 7131" 30"' T"6 TIC
TlB OOIJJl 41l 72" 001 5 41 5121' Htl
57 40 18 Klj 74 9fi B 5C.1I 24 I 7
49 801" "18 4-sj 76 6M 5 Ul" I 23 I 8 )
35 9()19 42!7324! 4 924I 27" J3 f
27 20 25 73 67 801 3 "(113: 2HHI 42;il
30 5()120 001435 0' l '29 527il47 ' 37 "
I I I f I I
39 021 21 5() 70 08 4 9211
24 5 fi I 0
1 30 Ofl 2()6l 65 55 351-9! 24 51 5 00
A VOICE FROM SWAIN.
A Tribute to Our I. ate Kx-Presf.
dent JeflerHou Davlx.
Friends, Carolinians, Countrymen :
Well mav ve weep and bow vour heads
in sorrow, for the father of the Con
federacy is no more. His spirit has broken
its tenement of clay to take an upward
flight. The casket but remains; the
priceless jewel has been snatched away.
Mother earl his yawning for her illus
trious offspring, and dust must return
to its native dust, strictly spcnKing,
Hon. leffcrson Davis was not, at his
death, a citizen of the United States, yet
the groans that went up from a united
Southland marked him as its chicfest
and most beloved citizen. For amid all
the vicissitudes of life, she has ever found
him the patriot, the statesman, the sol
dier; ever true to principle, to duty, to
virtue. She has "weighed him m the bal
ance and found him not wanting."
On the hustings in his native, adopted
ind adjisiuing States, he has ever stood
out boldly and firmly for constitutional
liberty, for the blood stained doctrine ol
State's rights, lor community independ
ence. In the halls of the national con
gress he was true to the same principles.
V hen called by the voice ol a struggling
South to take the helm in the ship of the
Confederacy to guide it over the troubled
waters of bl-5, he answered to the roll
cull of duty, and never shrank from its
performance till the sun of the Confed
eracy had set ; and he emerged from the
smoke ol battle with his escutcheon un
tarnished, hisglory tindimincd. a subdued
but not conquered hero. When the days
of -ryonstriictioi-came be. was ready to
offer himself as a sacrificial offering for
his devoted Southland, counting it his
"reasonable service." He has lived.
acted nnd died for his people. It has
been most beautifully said that it is a
glorious privilege to die young;" but re
joice, mv countrymen, that JetTcrson
Davis claimed not this privilege, but that
he lived so long, a model to the young,
an example to his contemporaries.
Young men! Middle aged men! Old men!
strive to reach the standard of excel
lence reared bv our departed chieftain,
for rarely has it ever been equaled; sur
passed never. Well may all North Caro
linians put on the badge of mourning, for
we have the latest testimonial of his re
gard for the patriotism, conservatism,
intelligence nnd bravery of the sons of
Carolina. Heads of families in your
homes, revere the memory of Jefferson
Davis, and worship at the shrine of his
excellence. Teach your children that in
him were embodied the qualities of the
patriot, the statesman, the soldier, the
christian gentleman ; ever true to duty,
to principle, in peace, in war, in time, in
As we lav our immortelles on the bier
of our departed chieftain, may the in
cense arising from the groans, the pray
ers of a sorrowing people, reach the
spirit celestial resting in the shade be
yond the river, causing him to say North
Carolina is true in the present as in the
past, the Old North Slule, God bless and
defend her. N. Ntwnv.
A DlntreHMliiK Accident.
On Thursday evening last a child of
Mr. Keiiben Wright, aged about two
years, while play'iig near the house of
Mrs. Barbara Harden, fell through n
bridie, which is within a few steps ol the
house, and broke its neck. The bridge
snans a deep ditch or gullv, and when
the child was found, only a few moments
aflcr it lell, it was floating on the water,
which gathers in a hole, under the bridge
during wet weather. The child, w hen
taken out was thought to be drowned.
Drs. Allen and Waldrop were summoned,
and did all in their power to resuscitate
it, but in vain. It was sometime after
the physicians had lelt lielore it was dis
covered bv some of the family that its
neck was broken, and then only by the
fact that after the entire body had be
come co Id and stiff. its neck was perfectly
limber. This sad accident is nothing
more than we have lieen expecting, owing
to the bad condition of some of the
bridges in town, and which the Times
has frequently relcrrcd to, with the hope
that they would lie repaired.
Southern Miners' Strike.
Birmingham, Ala., December 12.
Several days ago the tram men of the
Trait Mines railroad went out on a
strike, nnd the demand lor higher wages
being refused, to-day, all free miners,
about 1.2U0 in nuinlicr, stopped work.
demnnding that the tram men's request
be granted. They say thev will not run
the risk of operating the mines with
green hands, and propose to support the
old hands in their strike. Things will re
main ns they are until General Manager
Cauitht and Lynched.
CHATT..NOOGA, Tenn., Iecember 12.
Laura Stivers, a seven year old girl, was
assaulted in the woods near Cleveland,
Tenn., yesterday, by a w hite man named
Will Cardin. A posse of citizens caught
him last night. He was fully identified
by the child and was taken to a field and
Washington, Decera'ier 12. The bond
offerings to-dav, aggregated $1,451,-
050; all accepted at 127 for four per
cents, and 104H for four and halfi.
THE SUMMER OF ii
of Observation, 7 a. m., 2 p. m., aud 9 p. m.
shelter. Barometer reading reduced to
30 16 I S J O 94 i 40
30J 22Ni XW 0 05 45
30 21 ISU d Nl 1 05 41
30 17 X&N'W 112 42 "
30 18 N (I 90 I SO
'1811 94 5 04 j 204
5 si :
7112 51 4 2() 30 16 N&NW 0 ('. 44
85 1 9 71 314! 3017 N W 117 54
KARL VON KI CK, M. I)., Obseri-er.
FROM A CANNON'S MOl'TH.
I'nfortunate Incident of the Davis
Memorial In Columbia.
Cor.i'MniA, December 11. The tiring of
the minute guns in the State House
grounds to-day wnssuddenly interrupt rtli
v a serious accident to two oi me gun
ners. The gun went off prematurely,
horribly wounding Messrs. J. W. Fouciie
and J. C. nianton, two members of the
urtillery company, workmen in the rail
Drs. 1 alley ond lnvlor were immedi
ately summoned and did all in their
power to relieve the sulTtrings of the
The premature explosion was caused
hv a spark in n rift of the gun, which
could not be touched bv the wet swab.
The gun, a"t hree-iuch!Iahlgreen,hjid been
cast in 1KGI, and was fished out of the
Congaree after the war. Mr. Foucbe,
acting No. 1, had just rammed the
powder home. The rammer was blown
out of his hand to a great distance. One
eye was badly burned and may be de
stroyed. Mr. Wanton was acting No. 2.
1 he rammer struck his hand and be may
lose the use of it.
As these young men were out under
orders from the adjutant general by a
resolution ol the legislature, it is pro
posed to apply to the legislature for aid
The UiHeane Spreading in I'iirlH
ItH Appearance In Berlin.
I'aris, DecemlKT 11. Theiufluenza epi
demic in this city is spreading. The dis
ease has made its appearance in the bar
racks, markets and Ocole Centrale. A
medical report upon the prevalent epi
demic shows that there are 070 cases
among the employes in the great dry
goods store, Magasin du Louvre. These
are all cases ot a simple benign influenza,
winch ordinarily lasts only about lour
davs. Complications rise in some cases
which make it more serious. In other
large stores it prevails to an extent
equal to that in Louvre. No special pre
ventatives are called tor, and there is no
cause tor uneasiness.
ViiiNNA, December 11. The board of
health deny that influenza is epidemic in
this city. They say there arc only a few
isolated cases of the disease here.
Berlin, December 11. Notwithstand
ing the official denial published yesterday
ill the National Zeitung that there was
no Influenza here, theepideinic is making
itself felt. I'rolessor Virchow is one of
the many sufferers.
A Great Dralnaice Scheme.
The Florida papers state that the great
undertaking of reclaiming the swamp
lands of the ( Ikefcnokee swamp is ab ut
to begin in earnest, under the superin
tendence of a well known New York con
tractor. Actual measurements in the
swamp show that there is very little, if
any, tall in the huwannee nver, which
rises near the centre. The engineers who
have made several preliminary surveys
of the land, say the only feasiMe plan
to drain it is to cut a deep and wide ca
nal through the swninp, beginning near
the head of the Suwannee and going in
a roundabout direction through the
swamp until a point in the river is
reached where there is some fall. After
this canal is finished the Suwannee will
be turned into it, and thus much of the
water will be taken from the surface of
the ground and carried off in the canal
The Okefenokee covers forty miles of
land in Georgia and twenty-five miles in
Florida, and the gentlemen interested in
the draining scheme have confid nee
enough in it to back it with four million
dollars in money. The work is to be
done for so much a mile.
A Question Answered,
The following letter was written by
Jefferson Davis two years ago to a New
Bedford, Mass., man, in answer to a
question: "What is the difference be
tween a Northern and a Southern demo
Beawoir, Miss., November 10. 1SS7.
Dear Sir: You ask me the difference
between a Northern nnd Southern demo
crat. I can only answer that thercshould
he none. There was none between
Samuel Adams, of Massachusetts, nnd
Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia; or be
tween Senators Franklin Pierce, of New
Hampshire, nnd John C. Calhoun, of South
Carolina. Each of these, as types of the
democracy of their dav, regarded the
States as sovereign members of the
I num. and the Constitution as the com
pact by which they were voluntarily
Brazil's Future Doubtful.
Dotn Pedro is not as tired of his im
perial office as has been supposed. He
will go back to Brazil, he says, if the
people call him. He has the good sense
however, not to issue a manilesto.
"Manifestoes," he snvs wisely, "are onlv
words: thev have no practical utility in
our time." Defeated candidates foroffice
everywhere would do well to treasure
the Emperor's remarks "on this point.
His view of the capacity of the Brazilians
for free institutions is not favorable.
"Thev possess," he observes, "more
imagination than common sense." As
for the present provisional government,
Dom Pedro thinks it is "only an experi
ment," and is nnlikely to last.
PLANTING SHADE TREES.
SuKR-entioiiM a to How to Do the
Walking about Asheville, a stranger
may observe planted some very tall, un
sightly maple trees, that are doubtless
expected, or intended, to make beautiful
lawn trees some day. and they would i:
they could, but can they ?
In a dense thicket, where young trees
are growing in a w ild state, very ncai
together, they must assume this shape,
and if the whole clump were transferred
to the lawn they would be in their natu
ral state still.
Within thirty fci-t of me, ns I write,
stands a beautiful maple tree that is a
perfect model. It is u foot through al
the ground and about twenty-five feet
high. The lower branches spring Irons
the trunk at about six feet from tin
ground, and the head is beautifully
rounded. No other tree stands neat
enough to rob it of sunlight, or interim
with the spread of its branches. This
tree is no more "natural" than the vcr
tall, slender, branchless ones, but it is
very much more beautiful.
A tree should not receive too great u
shock on being removed, nor should it In
surrounded by circumstances entirely dir
ferent from those of its former location.
Thus a balsam fir moved from the cold
moist, shady, moss covered top of Blacl,
mountain to our bright, bare, warm
dry soil and air cannot live, and it is
waste of time and money to try to maki
them grow. A balsam fir, grown f'nni
seed by a nursery man, transplanted am
root-pruned every year, until four or fiv.
years old, may be planted and growi
with perfect success, where its wild moun
tain grown brother died.
Again there should be a due propor
tion of root to top. Few persons realizi
the importance of this fact. A youn,
walnut tree has about twice as mud
ruot as top. As a general rule the lengt I
of the roots of trees is as great as tlu
height of the tree.
We have not space enough to enlargi
upon vegetable physiology, though it n
as interesting as, and a beautiful parallc,
to, animal physiology. The food of trees
is assimilated just as man's food is. li
is taken up only in a liquid state. At tin
extremities of the fibrous roots are tlu
minute mouths or spungioles. Tb.sc an
the feeding roots, or "working roots,"us
they are called by florists. The largei
roots are only channels to convey tin
sap to the trunk, when it is passed on
through the branches to the leaves, where
it is lerated, or oxygenated, as the blood
is in the lungs of animals.
These fibrous roots are almost entirely
lost in removing large trees from the for
est, but arc retained in removing trees
grown in nursery rows; as by the root
pruning process they are lormed and re
tained near the crown or collar of tin.
young tree. Time is saved and a more
beautiful tree is more certainly produced.
The Observations Taken
Karl von Ruck.
We direct attention . the very valu
able table of observations prepared by
l)r. Karl von Kuck, ol the sanitarium,
embracing a period of six months. During
that time the tempei ature, maximum,
minimum and mean, its mean daily vari
ation, mean relative and absolute humid
ity, the number of clear and fair days, ol
cloudy and rainy days, of days without
sunshine, of days on which an infni
ltestnal quantity of nun tell, the total
rainfall in inches, the mean barometer
corrected for altitude, and the direction
and force of prevailing winds, have been
noted with the particularity and accu
racy required in a weather station of tin
government, which, in fact, Dr. von
Ruck's sanitarium is. Therefore the re
sults are reliable. The table is invaluable
to those who make scientific study of cli
The subject is an interesting and fruit
ful one. We will only remark that Dr.
von Ruck, making close and exhaustive
researches into the subject of pulmonary
disease, the conditions which produce it
or favor its propagation, doing so to
regulate his plans with regard to perma
nent occupation of this point as his field
of work in the treatment of such diseases.
reaches the conclusion, from a multitude
of investigated cases, that consumption
does not originate in this atmosphere or
elevation ; at least is not indigenous. He
found one single exception in the case of a
negro in whom the disease spontaneously
maniies'.ea uscu. we mentioti this as
confirmation of the opinion expressed
long since by that skillful physician, Dr.
Hardy, who in a practice extending over
half a century, made bold to say that
consumption could not originate in the
mountains of Western North Carolina,
though it was true that deaths by con
sumption were not infrequent.
Experimental Freight Delivery.
Wc understand that a committee of
the Board of Aldermen will devote a
portion of to-day to tnsiect the method
adopted by the street railway for the de
livery of freights.
This committee will probably take the
passenger car at 11 o'clock and proceed
to the depot, and return with the freight
car loaded with miscellaneous articles, in
order that they may have every facility
for deciding whether this traffic obstructs
the streets, or impedes passage of vehi
cles or pedestrians.
Postofllce Robbers Sentenced.
Charlotte. N. C, December 12. J. W.
Brown and Chas. S. Henderson, two ne
groes arrested for rifling letters in the
Charlotte postoffice. pleaded guilty inthe
United States court to-day. Judge Dick
sentenced them to three years' imprison
ment and $100 fiue each.
A FREE ANT) PURE BALLOT.
Brl.Klll LAST NIGHT.
He Points Out the Dangers to Our
l-'orui of Government by the Cor
ruption und luUiuiclatiou of the
Vo.crs ielliMliiie.-iN tlie Cause.
Boston, Mass , December 1'. At the
lanquet given to-night by the. Merchants'
ssociuliun, of liuston.cx-l'rc.sideni Gro
wer Cleveland, the most prominent of the
ipeakers. among oilier tilings said :
"Political selfishness cheapens in the
minds ol tlie people ilnir apprehension
l tlie character ami luuctioiisol the gov-rnuu-nl
; it distorts every conception of
tne diny of good citizenship aud creates
411 atmosphere m which iniquitous pur
poses and designs lose their odious lea
gues, ll begins when a perverted judg
neiit is won lo the theory that political
iction may be ucd solely lor private
;ain and advantage, and when a tender
onsi'iencc is quieted by the ingenious ar
tniiciit that such gam and advantage
ne identical with the public welfare.
I Ins stage having been reached and sell
.nicrcsi being now lullv aroused, agen-
.-ns are used and practices permuted iu
lie accomplishment ui us purposes.
.vhich sien in the pure light ot dismtcr-
jsted palnolisin, aie viewed with fear
ind Hatred. 1 he independent thought
old free political prclercuce of tuo.-e
a- lu j ill fate has made dependent upon
lauy ton lor uaro eatneu ureau, are
iraiiglcd and destroyed by intimidation
old me Icar ol loss ol employment. Vile
insavury iorms rise lo the suriace of our
giiatcd political waters, and gleelully
oiinipaie in the auxiely ot seliisii tnlcr
sl, nicir opporuuiiLy to latteu upon cor
rupted ami debauched sulfrage.
" fills tram ot munhi leans us to cou
.ider the iiuiuiuenl danger winch thieat-.-iis
us Iroin tlie iiiliihiuaiion and currup--loii
ot our voters.
"It is too late lo temporize with these
.-vils r lo speak ol liicm othewise than
ui ihc plainest terms. We arcspured the
labor ol proving their existence, lor all
idinit it. 1 hat nicy are iciribly on the
ncrease all must c.juccdc.
"Mamlcslly if the niolivcsof all our cit
zens were uiiscllisn und patriotic, and if
-licy sought in political action only their
-.hare ol tne adv.uuageaccruing from the
ulvaiice of our country at all points to
.variis her grand destiny, there would be
.lo place or occasion for the perversion of
ur suffrage. Thus the inauguration of
.lie inliiiiiilation aud corruption of our
I'oiers may be justly charged to selfish
schemers seeking successthrougli political
.icliou. Hut these evils have been neg
lected by honest men disgusted will till
ijolitnal endeavor ; they have been tol
erated by respectable men who, in weak
sicss of' pali lone sculiiueut, have re
garded tneui us only phases of shrewd
political management, and they have
Ken act ually encouraged by the honors
ivhich have been bestuwed upon those
vho boast of their use ol such agencies
in nil of party supremacy.
"Many of us, therefore, may take to our
selves a share ot bl.une, when we find
confronting us tlnsc perils which threaten
the existence of nur tree institutions, the
preservation of our national honor and
the perpetuity of our country. The con
dition annexed to the founding of our
government upon the sutfragc ol the peo
ple, was that the suffrage should be free
aud pure. We consented to abide bv the
honest preponderance of political opinion,
but wc did not consent that a free vote,
expressing the intelligent and thoughtful
sentiment of the voter, should fie bal
anced by a vote of intimidation and tear,
or by an unclean, corrupt vote disgrace
fully bought ami treacherously sold.
"Let us loo- with a degree of pity and
charity upon those who yield to lear and
inlimid.ition in the exercise of their right
of sullrage. Though they ought not thus
to yield wc cannot forget that as
against their free ballot, they see in the
scale, their continued employment, the
comforts of their homes and the mainten
ance of Ihcir families. We need not stifle
our scorn and contempt for the wretch
who basely sells his vote, and who for a
bribe betrays his trust of citizenship.
And vet Ihc lliotiht will intrude itself,
that lie but follows in a low aud vulgar
fashion, the example of those who pro
ceed upon the theory that political ac
tion may be turned to piivatc gain.
"Hut whether we pity or whether we
hale, our betrayal is none the less com
plete; nor w ill either pity or hutc restore
our birthright. But we know that when
political seltislm. ss is destroyed our
dangers will disappear; and though the
way to its stronghold may be long and
weary, we will follow it lighting as we
sio. There will be no surrender, nor will
there be desertions from our ranks.
Selfishness and corruption have not yet
achieved a lasting triumph and their bold
defiance will but hasten the day of their
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Loughran, with
their son and daughter, are at the Swan
unnou. Mr. J. L. Cook, who represents W. B.
Bellknnp it Co., of Louisville, is at the
Mr. James S. Murdock is nt the Bat
tery Park. lie represents a large cotton
factory iu Chatlcston.
Mr. Limon Wickcs, who is at the
Swannanoa, is selling cash registers to
the merchants of Asheville.
Mr. II. R. Liiulsey, who is sloping at
the Swannanoa, is in the city and has
come to visit his son Mr. H. A. Lindscy.
Mr. G. M. Burden, of Lenoirs, Tenn.,
w ho is a member of the firm which owns
tbe Lenoirs flour mill, is slopping at the
Among the arrivals at the Swannanoa
is Mr. W. T. Duncan, of Louisville, who
sills machines for the manufacture of
Mrs. John H. Macy, and Mr. Wm. II.
Macy. jr., of New York, are at the Bat
tery Park. Mrs. Macy is the wife of Mr.
Macy, who is well known through the
United States, on account of his large
store on Fourteenth street.
Among the guests nt the Battery Park
are Mrs. John D. Flint nnd Miss J. D.
Flint, ot Fall River, Mass. They were
recommended to come here by Mr.
Haffnrd who left Asheville only a few
days ago on account of the sad death of
San Angelo, Texas, will celebrate
Christmas bv buil fights on tbe 25th to
27th of December.