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THE DAILY CITIZEN
For Rent, and Loat Notice, three
Hoes or lesa. 25 Cent for
- Delivered to Visitors in any part of
I the City.
j-" "tone Month 0c.
3 Two Weeks, or lc .. 25c.
ASHEVILLE, N. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1889.
m m a,
A TRIBUTE TO HER WORTH
; , FROM JEPFERsON DAVIS.
' The Last Public Letter Written
toy the Dead titatennian Im One
that Every North Carolinian
i ,: . Should sacredly Cherish.
, t Bkauvoir, Miss.. October 30, 1889.
I., i Messrs. Wharton J. Green, James C.
1 McRae, C. W. Brondfoot, Neill W.Ray,
1 " W. C. McDuffie, Committee:
'f . Gentlemen: Your letter inviting me to
t - attend North Carolina's Centennial, to
V be held at Fayetteville, on the 21st ot
November next, was duly received; but
': ..this acknowledgement has been delayed
onder the hope that an improvement in
I . my health would enuble me to be present
,,as invited. As the time approaches, I
' ' ' find that cherished hope unrealized, and
f . : that I must regretfully confess my in-
1' ). ability to join vou in the conimem'ora
4 tive celebration.
I . It has been my sincere wish to meet the
T people of the "Old North State" on the
$ occasion which will naturally cause
r, , them, with just pride, to trace the historic
t river of their years to its source in the
' . ; colony of Albemarle.
; All along that river stand monuments
of fidelity to the unalienable rights of the
;-.jjf people even when un infant successfullv
." resisting executive usurpation and in de
" fence of the privileges guaranteed by
' charter, boldly defying Kings, Lords
and Commons. Always self-reliant, yet
not vainly sell-asserting, she provided
for her defence, while giving material aid
to her neighbors, as she regarded all the
, British colonies si America.
Thus she sent troops, armed and equip
r . . ped for service, into both Virginia and
' South Carolina, also dispatched a ship
"t from the port of Wilmington, with food
y t -1 c t .. r. . i. .. -1
n. ing ui mat port uy v.rcui nriiuin. in
her declaration that the cause of Boston
-:"t was the cause of all, there was not only
. :. the assertion of a community of rights
and a purpose to defend them, but sell
abnegation ot thecommercial advantages
' which would probably accrue from the
-i closing of a rival port.
Without diminution of regard for the
fxut and good men oftlie othercolonics,
have been led to Secinl veneration for
the men of North Carolina, as the first to
-. distinctly declare for State independence,
and from first to lust to uphold the right
of a people to govern themselves.
I do not propose to discuss the vexed
li ' question of the Mecklenburg resolutions
' of May, 1765, which from the similarity
... of expression to the great Declaration of
Independence of July! 1 776, have created
- . much contention, because the claim ol
A North Carolina rests on u broader
.-. foundation than the resolvesof the mcet
' ing at Mecklenburg, which deserves to be
! I preserved as the outburst of a brave,
"s i liberty-loving people, on receipt of news
f . of the combat at Concord, between
British soldiers and citizens of Massa
chusetts. The broader foundation re
ferred to are the records of events pre
j ceding and succeeding the meeting ut
Mecklenburg, and the proceedings of the
: '- r . i a i i r . r, .: . ..
Pmnnmn 'ftiifimiB .rl.fli mat n fr Hdlc
; f boro, in August, 1775. Before this con-
w gress convened, North Carolina, in dis
T regard of opposition by the Governor,
L had sent delegates to represent her in the
f General Congress, to be held in Phila
" s delphia, nnd had denounced the attack
',' upon Boston, and had appointed com
mittees of safety with such far-reaching
.t.. functions as belong to revolutionary
:. t-mes only.
The famous Stamp Act of Parliament
; was openly resisted by men of highest
reputation, a vessel, bringing the stamps,
; y was seized and the commander bound
.' - not to permit them to be landed. These
things were done in open day by men
who wore no aisguisc and shunned no
Before the Congress of the Province
had assembled the last royal Governor
of North Carolina had fled toescapefrom
the indignation of a people, who burdened
but not bent by oppression, had resolved
to live or die as freemen. The Congress
at Hillsboro went earnestly to work, not
merelv to declare independence, but to'
provide menus for maintaining it. The
Congress, feeling quite equal to the oc
casion, proceeded to make laws for rais
ing and organizing troops, for supplying
money ; and, to meet the contingency ol
a blockade of her seaports, offered boun
ties to stimulate the production of the
articles most needful in time of war.
On the 12th of April, 1776, the Con
tinental Congress being in session, and
with much diversity of opinion as to the
proper course to lie pursued under this
condition of affairs, the North Carolina
Congress resolved, That the delegates
for this colony in the Continental Con
gress be empowered to concur with the
delegates of the other colonics in de-
daring independence and forming foreign
alliances, reserving to this colony the
k sole and exclusive right of forming
fc-' a constitution and laws for this colony,
; etc., etc.
This, 1 believe, was the first distinct de
claration for separation from Great
Britain and Stateindependence, and there
: i is much beside priority to evoke admira
tion. North Carolina had, by many acts
of resistance to the British authorities.
provoked their vengeance, yet she dared
i to lead in defiance, but no danger, how
i ever dread, in the event ol" her isolation.
could make her accept co-operutionj save
with the reservation of supremacy in re-
anxA to her own constitution and laws,
i the sacred principle of community inde-
pendence and government lounded on the
consent of the governed. After having
? done her whole duty in the war of Inde-
a pendence and become a free, sovereign
and independent State, she entered into
the Confederation with these rights and
: . powers recognized as unabridged.
f' When experience proved the articles of
f Confederation to be inadequate to the
f needs of good government, she agreed to
. . a eeneral convention tor their amena
went. The convention did not limit its
labors to amendment of the article, but
proceeded to form a new plan of govern
ment. and adhering tothecardinalnniici
pie that governments must be derived
from the consent of the governed, sub
mitted the new plan to the people of the
several States to ne aaopica or rejecica
as each by and lor itselt should decide.
It is to he remembered that the articles
of Confederation for the "United States
of America" declared that "the union
shall be Deroetual." and that no altera
tion should be made in the said articles,
unless it shonld be ''confirmed by the
legislatures of every State." True to her
creed of State sovereignty. North Caro
lina recognized the power of such States
Jn -A A wtk.flM frftm
I the Union, and by the same token ber
1 cwn unqualified right to decide whether
I or not she would subscribe to the pro-
1 posed compact for a more perfect union,
and in which it is to be observed the
1 declaration for perpetuity was omitted
1 In the bard school of experience sue had
f 1 learned the danger to popular liberty
from a government which could claim to
be the final judge of its own powers.
She had fought a long and devastating
war for State Independence, and was
not willing to put in jeopardny the price
less jewel she had gained. After n care
ful examination it was concluded that
the proposed constitution did not suffi
ciently guard against usurpation by the
usual resort to implication of powers
not expressly grunted, and declined to
act upon the general assurances that the
deficiency would soon be supplied by the
needful amendments. In the meantime,
State after State had acceded to the new
union, until' the requisite number had
been obtained for the establishment of
the "Constitution between the States so
ratifying the same."
With characteristic self-reliance North
Carolina confronted the pros)ect of iso
lation, and calmly resolved if so it must
be to stand alone rather than subject to
hazard her most prized possession, com
Confiding in the security offered by the
first ten amendments to theconstitution,
especially the 9tb and 10th of the series.
North Carolina voluntarily acceded to
the new union. The 10th amendment
restricted the functions of the Federal
government to the exercise of the imw-
ers delegated to it by the States, all of
which were especially stipulated.
beyond that limit nothing could be
done rightfully. If covertly done, under
color of law, or by reckless usur
pation of an extraneous majority, which,
feeling power, should disregard right,
had the State no peaceful remedy?
Could she us a State in a Confederation,
the bedrock of which is the consent of its
members, be bound bv a compact which
others broke to her injury ? Had her re
served rights no other than n paper
barrier to protect them against invasion,'
burelv the heroic patriots and wise
statesmen of North Carolina by their
sacrifices, utterances and deeds have
shown what their answer would have
been to these questions, if they hud been
isked, on the nay when in convention
thev ratified the amended Constitution
of the 1'nithd States. Her ex.'eptional
delay in ratification marks her vigilant
care for rights she had so early asserted
and so steadily maintained.
Of her it mav be said, ns it was ot Sir
Walter Scott in his youth, that he was
always the first in a row and the last
out of it." In the peaceful repose which
followed the Revolution all her interests
Farms, school-houses and towns rose
over a subdued wilderness, ajid with a
mother's joy she saw her sons dis
tinguished in the public service by intelli
gence, energy and perseverance, and by
the integrity without which nil other
gifts are but as tinsel. North Carolina
grew apace in all which constitutes
power, until in 1X12 sne was retiuired ns
a State of the I'nion to resist uggressions
on the high seas in the visitation ot
American merchant vessels and the im
pressment of American seamen bv the
armed cruisers of Great Britain.
These seamen generally belonged to the
New England States; none probably
were North Carolinians; put her old
spirit was vital still; the cuuse of one
was the cause ot all, as sue announced
when Boston was under embnrgo.
At every roll call for the common de
fence she answered, "Here." When blessed
peace returned she stacked her arms for
which she had no prospective use. Her
love for her neighbors had been tried and
not found wanting in the time of their
need : why should she anticipate hostility
from them ?
The envv, selfish jealousy and criminal
hate of a Cain could not come near to
her heart. If not to stisiiect such vice in
others be indiscreet credulity, it is a
kniahtly virtue and part ot an honest
nature. In many years of military and
civil service it has been my good fortune
to know the sons ol North Carolina
under circumstances of trial, and I could
make a list of those deserving honorable
mention which would too far extend this
letter, already, 1 tear tediously, long.
Devotion to principle, scll-reliance and
inflexible adherence to resolution when
adopted, accompanied by conservative
caution, were the characteristics dis
played by North Carolina in both her
colonial And State history. All these
qualities were exemplified in her action
on the day of the anniversary which you
commemorate. If there lie any, not
likely to be found with you, but possibly
elsewhere, who shall ask: "How then
could North Carolina consistently enact
her ordinance of secession in 1861 r he
is referred to the Declaration of Indepen
dence of 1776; to the Articles of Con
federation of 1777, for a perpetual union
of the States, and the secession of States
from the union so established ; to the
treaty of 1 782, recognizing the indepen
dence of the States severally and dis
tinctively; to the Constitution ol tbe
United States, with its first ten amend
ments; to the time-honored resolutions
of 1798-99; that from these one and all
he may learn that the State, having won
her independence by heavy sacrifices, had
never surrendered it nor had ever at
tempted to delegate the unalienable
rights of the people. How valiantly her
sons bore themselves in the war between
the States the lists of the killed and
wounded testefy. She gave them a sacri
ficial offering on the altar of the liberties
their lathers had won and left as an in
heritance to their posterity. Many sleep
tar from the land of their nativity. Peace
to their ashes. Honor to their memory
and the mother who bore them.
Has too Much sense,
Ex-President Cleveland has written a
prominent Southern Ohio democrat that
the statement that he is interfering in
Ohio in favor ot the nomination of Mr.
Calvin S. Brice for the Utited States sen
ate is un imputation on his common
sense. "In no matter have I taken any
pait m a canvass, entirely ol a local no
ture, between equally good men."
A Cat at Judire firenhatn.
The Western republicans say that the
elevation of Judge Brewer to the supreme
bench is a direct and intentional cut at
ludire Grrshara. It is well known that
the Administration is unfriendly to
Judge Gresham, and it was understood
ixrtore the appointment was maae mat
the elevation of Judge Brewer would be
most distasteful to Judge Gresham, who
has had unpleasant relations with bim
on tbe bench.
Vote as Vou Talk.
The Boston Herald says: "The great
majority of the Northern people know
very well the difficulties which the South
has encountered on the political side ot
the negro question. In their inmost
hearts they do not blame them for not
submitting to negro rule half as much as
our Southern brethren probably think
It Fold Well.
A competent authority thinks that the
Paris Exposition drew at least $250,
000,000 into Paris.
IGNORANCE OF HISTORY,
ItlH Said to be CharaclerlHtlc of
Parmer and Scottish Chief.
Ignorance of the history of our State is
an astonishing characteristic of our )eo
ple. The ignorance is not confined to
the masses, but is often conspicuous
among our prominent men. The des
cription be a Centennial orutorat Char
lotte in 1875. of the act of throwing tin
tea overboard in Wilmington harbor by
the men of the Revolution is an instance
of this stupidity among some men ol
high repute. While passing the Guilford
Battle field two years ago the train was
running slowly to give the passengers
the benefit of viewing this historic spot.
A Greensboro wag was showing the po
sition of two armies and where? where?
where? were heard, from the passengers
who rushed to the windows. Alter
pnintin out the vnrious interesting
places, he poinied to an antiquated
log house in the distance with
the remark "In that house Corn
wollis surrendered" Where! where!
were again heard from the eager passen
gers. We remarked to the Greensboro
man that "we thought Cornwallis sur
rendered at York " "shutyourmouth.
Mister! You are spoiling all the enjoy
ment of this crowd. Let 'em alone. Let
'em enjoy the thought and carry the
news to their families that they saw the
house in which Cornwallis surrendered.
These fools don't know anything about
North Carolina history and what is the
use of spoiling all their enjoyment ? and
then too they would think that I was a
first class historian."
Elecilona Committee Meets.
Washington. December 13. The house
committee on elections held its first meet
ing and effected an organization this
morning. Chester H. Rowell, of Illinois,
son of the chairman, was selected asclcrk.
A sub-committee on rules was selected
consisting of thechairman, Messrs. Houk,
Cooer, Crisp and O'pcrrull. This sub
committee will be charged with the ar
rangement of the seventeen contested
cases now awaiting settlement. Theconi-
mittee will meet again subject to call
when the su i committee is ready to re
port. Uas Strikers.
Lonbon, December 13. The strike of
the men employed in the gas house of the
South Metropolitan Company was effect
ed peaceably. Twelve hundred men who
were engaged to take the strikers places
entered the works unHcr the escort of the
police. The crowd outside the works
groaned at them.- Pickets posted by the
strikers to intercept these men were out
witted and were unable to obstruct their
Dropped Dead on His Engine.
Birmingham, Ala., December 13. W.
B. Allen, a well known engineer of the
Georgia Pacific railroad, dropped dead
on his locomotive nt Leeds yesterday. He
was unwell, but insisted on tulhlling his
duty, and went out ns usual. He got to
Leeds when he reached tor the air Drake,
instead of grasping the handle fell in the
fireman's arms with the exclamation,
"Ob, my God !" and died. He was chief
of Division 207 of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers of Atlanta. He
leaves a wife and children.
Held for Wife Murder.
Lafayette, Ind., December 13. After
two days preliminary examination lie
fore justice of the peace the bail bond ol
Kev. William r. Tcttit, charged uv
affidavit with administering poison to
his wife was fixed nt $1,000. Mrs.
Pettit died lust June, her death indi
cating stnehnine poisoning. An analysis
of the stomach revealed over half a grain
of strichnine, and her husband was ar-
ested last week at Columbus, Ohio.
The accused is a prominent Methodist
Washington, D. C, -December 13. The
Pan-American conference to-day comple
ted the work of formulating rules and ap
pointing committees, and adjourned un
til January 2nd. Meantime, the delegates
will visit New York, spending all of next
week, except Saturday, there. That day
thev will lie at Wilmington, Del , enroute
to Washington from New Yotk. It is
suid that sevcrul of the committees ex
pect to report upon the subjects assigned
to them at the reassembling of the con
ference January 2nd.
An Oyster Bill Repealed.
Richmond, Va., December 13. The Sen
ate to-day passed a bill repealing the law
opening Hog island flats for planting
oysters. The etlect of the bill will be to
abrogate the lease of Lewis which led to
the recent conflict between the dredgers
and the Virginia oyster navy. A joint
resolution was adopted in both houses
of the legislntuie to-day urging the Vir
ginia senators and representatives in
Congress to vote for holding the World's
Fair at Washington.
Homicide In Concord Township.
Thursday night, the 5th inst., in Con
cord township, Monroe Shnrpe, colored,
a tenant on the lands of Messrs. W. F.
and J. M. Sharp, stabbed and killed
Aleck Watts, also colored. It apears
that some time during the night, Shnrpe
and his household having gone to bed
and being asleep, Aleck Watts, Bill
Morrison and Rule Smith, all colored,
and all, very probably, more or less
drunk, came to the house and demanded
admittance. This was refused them and
they began trying to force the door and
to raise the windows. After warning
them away but without effect, Stmrpe
opened the door and the intruders at
once began pushing and crowding him.
He succeeded in keeping them out of the
house and himself got outside, when, as
appears, Watts jerked off his coat and
rushed upon him. Shariie dropied back,
stumbled over a stick of wood, recovered
himself, and as he and his antagonist
came together, drove the blade of a knife
into his heart. Watts fell or lay down
bv the side of the house nnd was dead in
less time than it takes to tell it. Shnrpe
went to the house, told what had hap-
rned and Mr. J. M. Sharpe took him to
H. Scroggs,. Esq., who sent him to
jail. Coroner Clegg held an inquest over
the oocty tne next day.
The New York Examiner says: "The
Dixons continue to be in demand. The
youngest of the three brothers, and for
aught we Know tne Dest oi tnem an
leaves Charleston, W. Va., the first Sun
day in Janunry to become pastor of the
important church at Oakland, Cnl."
North Carolinians are familiar with the
fact that Rev. A. C. Dixon is pastor of
Immanuel Tabernacle, Baltimore. Key.
Thos. Dixon is pastor of a large and
erowme church in New Yor. Kev
Frank Dixon is the one referred to by the
MR. DAVIS' PASTOR
TALKS OF THE LIFE OF THE
He lias no Doubt of his Thorough
and sincere Fiety-Asklng Leave
of Mr. Lincoln to Visit Him In
Dr. Minnigcrode said " that the first
time he ever saw President Davis wn
when the latter arrived here from Mont
gomery and stopped at the Spotswood
hotel. The acquaintance grew into
friendly intercourse. Joy and sorrow
joined them together. The last time the
Doctor snw him was in Atlanta.
"My wife and I," said he, "went there
on a visit, not knowing that it was to
be the day of the unveiling of the statute
of Hon. B. II. Hill, on which occasion
Mr. Davis delivered the oration. We ar
rived too late to hear him sieak, but,"
said Dr. Minnigerode, "I culled on him
in the afternoon, and upon giving my
name at the door, the lady ushered me
without ceremony into Mr. Davis' room.
When he looked up and suw me :t
sprang from the sofa and clasped rue in
"It was an hour never to be forgotten,"
said the Doctor.
Upon parting Mr. Davis expressed the
fear that they would never meet again
The Doctor expressed his gratitude
that he had been called upon t" deliver
this address. He felt sure that no flow
ers of rhetoric were cxected from him;
hut only that in his numlile position he
should lav a wreath ot loving remem
brance upon his Inend s tomb.
Dr. Minnigerode believed that his
friend had obtained a crown brighter
than earth can give, and he paid a lofty
tribute to Mr. Davis' christian character,
speaking especially of his purity and gen
tleness and his undying love to his neigh
bor; beginning with his own family and
extending through all gradations.
1'eople, said ut. Minnigerode, hod ol-
ten misunderstood Mr. Davis verv much.
He bad been spoken of as a "fire cuter."
Mr. Davis did not deserve that name,
said the Doctor, unless it meant firmness,
truthfulness, conscientiousness. He was
no bravado. He was no demogogue.
He yielded to the last necessity in con
senting to secession. He was uaturally
gentle. Conscience ruled him supreme.
there is reason to liehcve, said the
Doctor, that Mr. Davis's love and affec
tion lor Richmond prevented him Irom
lying up his capital city in time success
fully to meet the enemy in the open field.
Our friendship, said Dr. Minnigerode.
established pleasant intercourse between
us, but I never used that privilege to
meddle with the affairs of the country,
still less for private purposes. At the
tine ot the second inauguration, however,
said the speaker, I besought him to call
upon liod in good earnest. 1 wrote that
the character of the ruler was apt to be
come the partner of the people. Mr. Da
vis never unswered my letter but he did
what I asked him to do.
Again, when our people were disturbed
by some outrageous act of the enemy
ind were clamoring tor retaliation, 1
talked with him harmoniously, and he
suid: "If our enemies do wrong that is
no excuse for us doing wrong."
All of the following is in Ur. Minnige-
rode's own language:
About this time he unred himself with
the church. Our intercourse had become I
more frequent and turned more and more
on the subject of religion; and his upon
wife sadvice I went to see hnn on the sub
ject of confessing Christ. lie met me more
than hull way, and professed his desire
to do so, and unite himself with the
church; that he must lie a christian he
felt in his inmost soul. He spoke verv
earnestly and most humbly of needing
the cleansing blood ot lesus and the pow
er of the Holy Spirit; but in the conscious
ness ol Ins insufficiency felt some doubt
whether he had the right to come.
All that was natural and right; but
soon it settled this question with a man
so resolute in doing what he thought his
duty. I baptized him hypothetic-ally,
for he was not certain il he had ever been
baptized. When the day of confirmation
cnine it was quite in keeping with his res
tate character, that when the liisliop
called the candidate to the chancel he
was the first to rise, and, as it were, lead
the others on, among whom were Gener-
il Gorgas und several others.
From that day, so far as I know nnd
can judge, "he never looked back." He
never ceased trying to come up to his
baptismal vow and led a Christian life.
And so lie went on nruvely nno iiersevcr-
ingly, even when it became clear that
hope ot success was tailing. He could
not leave his post. He did not lose heart.
The cause lost defeated lor a tune he
felt sure would yet bring forth blessings
upon the country. We know what fol
lowed and what was hiscruelfate. Here
oens a page of noble martyrdom and
patient endurance winch none can lull v
realize who have not seen it.
Soon after he was arrested and confin
ed in Fortress Monroe I wrote to Presi
dent Andrew Johnson petitioning for
i.. ..:: 1 1 . t , i.:
permission iu vimi iur. vavi, as 1119 pas
tor, and und minister to him.
At Bishop Johnson's advice rather
against my judgment it was accompa
nied by no argument, the Bishop saying
that supporting it by an argument
would indicate that it was by the ieti
tioner himself not looked upon as natu
ral, right, and proper in itself.
Mr. Johnson deigned no answer.
In Octolier following 1 received a com
munication of some friends that they
thought the time was favorable to again
make the application.
I did so, but this time gave what I
thouuht was a full and unanswerable ar
gument. And it proved so.
Frederick Is too Stingy,
The real objection that the Haytiens
have towards Minister Fred Douglass is
his exconomy. They are accustomed to
seeing the representatives ol foreign gov
ernments live in some style. Douglass
keeps no horses, and lives in an unpre
tentious cottage. His wife acts as his
clerk, and is daily seen walking along the
street on the wav to her work. Ladies
of anv rank never walk at Port-au-Prince.
The whole thing is a revelation to the
Haytiens, who freely express tneir con
tempt for the representative ofthe United
The smallest and daintiest prayer-book
in the world is the "Finger Prayer-
Book," which has just been issued by the
Oxford University Press. It is printed in
diamond and brilliant type on the fa
mous Indian paper. It contains 670
pages, measures 3's by 1 inches, and
weighs onlv three-quarters of an ounce.
It is arranged for "the chatelaine, the
waistcoat pocket or the parse, and
ranges in price from 38 cents to $6.50.
Though the paper is exceedingly thin, il
is entirely opaque and the type is Dtauti
NORTH CAROLINA NOTES.
Franklin Press: The work on the new
bridge has been susiended on account ot
the breaking down of the saw mill hav
ing the contract to furnish flooring.
Rev. P. P. McLean lost a valuable horse
a few days ago by his stepping on one
end of a stick about six leet long, the
other end flying up and penetrating the
abdomen several inches. Mrs. Andrew
Patton went to Clay to visit her daugh
ter, who had typhoid fever, and while
there contracted the disease and died last
Sunday night. She was brought home
for buriul, the funeral taking place yester
day. News-Observer: It is learned that the
Blnck well Tobacco Company, of Durham,
has made un arrangement with un Eng
lish svrdicnte for the sale of the prop
erty for $3,500,000, and that both pur
ties have put up a forfeit of $50,000.
The syndicate proposes to pay cash.
Yesterday just as the ceremonies were
beginning in the Metropolitan Hall, Mr.
W. C. Stronuch saw James Jones who
used to be the bodv servant of Hon. Jel
lerson Davis, silting in the gallery and
he went up and escorted him down to a
scat in the front of the audience. Cap
tain George A. Britt, one of the most
prominent farmers of Hertford county,
X. C, committed suicide by hniigini!
himself from a small tree on the edge ol
the woods back of his residence. The
deceased was sixty-three years old, and
a graduate of the University of North
Carolina. He delivered an able adtlress
lieforc the Alumni of that institution lust
summer.' He had been despondent for
some time on account of short crops und
Morgnnton Herald: Col.W. L. Hardin
returned from Charlotte Tuesday, where
he has been to attend the December term
of the United States court. His suit
which was pending in that court against
the R. & D. R. R. Company for damages
resulting from the sad accident to his
son Edward some time ago while in the
employ of the railroad company, was
compromised, the plaintiff receiving $2,
500 in damages, and the rai'road paying
all costs in both State and Federal
courts. Little John Hey, a son of Mr.
L. S. nnd Mrs. Nannie Crow, met with a
learful accident Tuesday evening. The
little fellow, who is less than four years
old, was playing in a room in the second
story of the house beside an open win
dow. In some way he stepped back
ward und fell through the window to
the ground lielow, striking his head first,
and lying apparently dead. Mrs. Crow,
who is an invalid, was sitting in the
room when the accident happened, and
seeing the child disappear, rushed to
wards the window but fell in a dead
faint and was unconscious tor un hour.
None of the little fellow's bones were
broken, but he sceems to bn suffering
greatly with his head, and serious re
sults are feared. Mr. Crow, who is a
faithful employe in the Herald office, has
the sympathy of the community in his
Mr. Hant'H Funeral.
The remains of Mr. Walter L. Hunt ar
rived here to-day from Ashevilleon the
noon train, accompanied by Mrs. Hunt.
They were met by n number of relatives
and friends, und were taken to Trinity
church, where the funeral was held ut 2
o'clock this nlternyon. The pallbearers
were Messrs. H. A. Kcnms, W. H. Rog
ers, T. J. La in be, 1. W. Goodson, Cnpt.
J. F. Freehold and Capt. U. M. Wahub.
I he deceased was well known here,
having lived in Durham for a considera
ble time. He was a brother-in-law of
our townsmen Messrs. J. H. Halliburton
and W. S. Halliburton. A wife and one
child survive him. The family have the
deepest sympathy of our )eople in their
Railroad Excitement In Danville.
Danville, Va., December 13. There
is an undercurrent of excitement here to
day because of u well authenticated ru
mor that the Richmond and Danville
Railroad Company has obtained an op
lion on the bonds of the Danville and
New River Company, and will soon pur
chase that property. The Danville nnd
.New Kiver Company is a snort line Irom
Danville to ratnek court house, and in
the direction of the proposed extension
oftlie Atlantic nnd Danville road west
ward. It is believed here that the ob
ject of the Richmond Danville Company
is either to build west from this point to
the coal fields, or to handicap the At
lantic uno uanvine company in us pro
posed western extension.
Never Saw Lincoln.
Mr. Davis said to a correspondent two
years ago: "It is curious that I never
met Mr. Lincoln, nor do I remember ever
having seen him. 1 resigned Irom the
house to go to Mexico in 18-4-fi, and Mr.
Lincoln did not take his seat in that
bodv until later. When I returned to
Washington, in 184-7, as Senator from
Mississippi, although freiiucntlv in the
house, I do not remember to have seen
Mr. Lincoln, whose term expired iu
18-19, Douglas, more than oncealter his
opponent had become prominent, tried
to recall him to my memory, but he
never could succeed in doing so "
Important Decision Reversed.
New York, December 13. Thegeneral
supreme court has handed down a deci
sion revci sing the decision of luilge An
drew in the mntterof electric wires. The
decision dissolves the injunction which
has hitherto prevented the city authori
ties from taking down the wires. Notice
was immediately sent to all electric light
companies whose wires have been com
plained ol as detective, informing them
that faultv wires must lie removed. If
the notice is not complied with in ten
davs the department of public works
will undertake the work with the force
of tin bureau of incumbrances.
"Onlv a Farmer's Daughter"
To be presented here in the 0iera
House on Wednesday next, isthusspoken
of by the New York World :
It has a pronounced melodramatic
tone; it is highly emotional, and, it
might be said, sensational; and being
skillfully constructed, it follows that
there are many strong situations and
plenty of life and action all through in
short, that it is a verv effective acting
piny. In addition to this it should he
said that the dialogue is as good as the
plot and the process ot the development
that the parts are nearly all effective and
that the denouement is novel, ingenious,
and highly impressive.
Where Is theLamhT
Mary who had the little lamb is dead
Her name was Mary F. Sawyer, and she
was born eighty-eight years ago in Ster
ling, Mass. What became of the lamb
history sayeth not, but likely it is dead
PROPOSED NEW BCILDINO.
To be Erected by the Free Kin
The Free Kindergarten society met
yesterday afternoon in the Y. M. C. A.
hall and the meeting was largely and
fully attended. The visiting committee
handed in their report of what had been
done and gave a very interesting account
of their labor during the past few weeks.
They are prosecuting the work vigor
ously in their districts, so that the num
licr of children in the kindergarten school
is being constantly reinforced and the
need of a larger and more commodious
room grows steadily greater. The at
tention ofthe society was drawn to this
fact and one committee was appointed
to secure subscriptions and another to
confer in regard to the erection of a sui
table building. It is proposed to erect a
building which will cost about $800.
after the model of a Swiss cottage. Then
will be one main room, which will be 25
x30 feet, and separated from it by mova
ble partitions, wiH- tie two or threi
smaller ones. This arrangement will
permit the whole floor being thrown
into one large room, whenever the occa
sion demands it. The society has shown
the nature of the work it intends to do.
and the beneficial results which huve at
tended this movement, makes it incum
bent on every one to contribute to tin
building fund according to their means,
and supply the financial support, which
if added to the energy and push of its
members, will ensure a speedy and ulti
Dr. H. Longstrect Tnylor, of Cincin-
nnti, O., is at the Battery Park hotel.
Mr. J. F. Murrill, of the Hickory Press
and Carolinian, is stopping at the Grand
Capt. John K. Hoyt, of Engadine, and
his daughter, are stopping at the Swan-
Mr. B. E.Jones, who is staying at the
Grand Central, represents a large music
firm in Richmond.
Mr. J. F. Lotz, who represents a whole
sale cigar firm in Baltimore is at the
Mr. D. W. Cardwell is at the Grand
Central. He is an enterprising lumber
dealer of Abington, Va.
Mr. J. C. Coddell, of the Raleigh News
and Observer, has located at the Grand
Central during his stay in this city.
Mr. Pearson, the evangelist, has re
turned home, after a lengthened and
useful service in Kentucky and elsewhere.
Mr. Jas. Corrigan, who is connected
with the Hobbie Music Company, ot
Lynchburg, Va., is at the Grand Cen
tral. Mr. E. S. Bryson, who represents the
wholesale shoe house of Haines. Hcnson
& Co., of Knoxville, is at the Grand
Among the guests at the Swannanoa
is Mr. L. W. White, who represents W.
B. Lockelt & Co., wholesale grocers in
Mr. S. P. Conden, of Conden Bros., of
Knoxville, is at the Swannanoa. He is
accompanied by Mr. J. H. Edington, of
the same place.
Mr. Geo. H. P. Cole, a prominent
bunker and leading business man ol
Hendersonville, is in the city nnd is stay
ing at the Grand Central.
Among the guests at the Grand Cen
tral is Mr. J. S. Jarrett, a well known
lumber dealer and the proprietor ot a
large kaolin factory nt Sylva.
Mr. nnd Mrs. Saunders, of London,
England, arrived in the city last evening
and registered at Battery Park. They
have come here on account of the health
of Mrs. Saunders, who is unable to wulk,
and is accompanied by her maid.
The Rev. Mr. Cowpland, of Philadel
phia, with his wife and son, are in the
city and lodged at the Misses Coffin.
Mr. C. is connected with Epiphany Epis
copal parish, of Philadelphia, but is at
present an invalid from injuries received
while riding. He will lie here some time.
Demorest Medal Contest.
There was a large attendance nt the
contest in the Y. M. C. A. rooms last
evening, which was held under the au
spices of the Y'oung Woman's Christian
Temiernnce Union. The object isto pro
mote the cuuse of temperance, and chil
dren who are members of a prohibition
society guve recitations on temperance
subjects. They all acquitted themselves
with great credit, nnd afforded great
pleasure to the audience. All had re
ceived special elocutionary training and
their delivery showed a very carelul and
systematic study of their pieces. Col. J.
M. Ray presided over the contest, which
laid between Amelia Pulliam, Mabel
Randolph, Daisy Sawyer. Ray Whitlock,
Harold Johnson and Francis Gudger.
The judges were Miss Ella Brown, Miss
Yentman and Mr. E. P. Mangum. The
medal was awarded by them to Francis
Gudger, who received it at the hands of
the Hon. Thos. D. Johnston, who made
the presentation speech. In the intervals
between the recitations a select choir
rendered in a very pleasing and accepta
ble way prohibition songs such as:
'Prohibition Bugle Call," "Prohibition
Horses and Children.
The Rev. Sam Jones rather took the
breath away from Kentuckians while
preaching in one of the fashionable
churches on "The Proper Method of
Raising Children. An old Blue brass
kllowsaid: "We raise horses and bring
up children." "Yes," retorted Sam,
'you raise hores worth $50,000 apiece,
and bring up children worth about $3
GONE TO THE JURY.
THE GREAT CRONIN TRIAL
The Instructions of the Court A
Long Consideration ofthe Mai
ler bv the Jury Expected No
Verdict Last Night.
Cmc.oo, December 13. Luther Laflin
Mills, un eloquent lawyer who was ex
acted to make the closing address for
the prosecution in the C'roniu case, was
too ill to do so, und the prosecuting attor
ney, Lougeuecker, closed the ease to-day.
At the close ol Judge Lougeuecker s u'd
dress. Judge McC'onncIl read his charge
In opening hisaddress to the jury, Judge
McConncll, after defining murder and
accessory, circumstantial evidence and
conspiracy, said, in regard to Beggs that
it was not sufficient tor tnem to find
i hut the resolution was adopted for the
appointment of a secret committee in
Cnmp 20, February 8, but it must fur
ther appear beyond all reasonable doubt
that such u committee was appointed by
tltggs, and in lurlherauceot a conspiracy
to com mi t murder. If the jury liclieved
any or all of the defendants had con
spired to kill Crouin, they were guiltv of
murder, whether the identity of the ac
tual murderer be established or not, or
whether such defendants were present at
ihe time of the killing or not, whether
llurke rented and furnished the Carlson
cottage or not; and notwithstanding
that thejury might believe that Cronin
was murdered in the cottage, yet they
would not be justified iu concluding that
Hurke was a parly to the alleged con
spiracy unless Burke's acts were intended
oy him to assist in the murder. The
same applied to Coughlin's uct in hiring
Uiuan's horse, and to O'Sullivan's con
tract. Thejury could not legally convict
upon the mere doctrine of chance and
probability; and if, after carelul consid
eration, they did not feel morally certain
of the guilt of the defendants, it was the
jury's i.uty to acquit them.
Alter the retirement of thejury, nnd be
fore the prisoners were escorted back to
jail, there was considerable discussion
over the question of which of the articles
offered in the evidence should lie taken to
thejury room for the inspection of the
jury. This discussion lasted fifteen or
twenty minutes, and, in course of it,
counsel for the defence formally renewed
the various motions before made against
the introduction in the evidence of those
specified, consisting mostly of the trunk
valise in which the clothes were found,
the instrument case, O'Sullivan's curds,
trunk strup, the doctor's memoranda
book, etc. In short, only the articles
which were offered in evidence which
were not taken to the jury room were
ihe doctor's clothes; and had the State
insisted, they would probably also have
gone to the jury, but Longenecker did
not press the point, and, as the defence
objected, it was decided that the clothing
should not go to thejury room, unless it
wns so requested by the jury later in its
At 4.35 p. m the court adjourned un
til 8 p. m., at which time the jury in the
case, it it has agreed upon a verdict, will
be brought into the court room.
Although there is naturally no well
founded ground for the supposition, it is
generally expected that the deliberations
of the jury will be long, tiresome and
stubborn, and no one expects a verdict
liefore late in the night or sometime to
morrow. Judge McConnell came into the court
at 8.20, and, after waiting a few min
utes, lelt again without opening the
court, as there was no communication
from thejury. He suid he would return
at 10 o'clock.
Officers Royal Arcanum.
Editor Citizen : At a meeting of the
Royal Arcanum held on the 10th inst.,
the following officers were elected for the
ensuing year. As the organist, whose
name appears below, was unanimously
elected by the regent, it is hoped that he
will be present ut the first regular meet
ing in January, 1890.
Regent Dr. D, T, Millard.
Vice Regent Dr. M. H. Fletcher.
Orator T. VV. Patton.
Secretary S. Lipinsky.
Collector E. I. Holmes.
Treasurer S. Hammershlag.
Chaplain James West.
Guide T. L. Hvndman.
Warden VV. IL Cook.
Sentinel S. B. Woody.
Organist George Henderson.
Trustees T. G. Lindsev (for two years;)
J. M. Heston (forthreeyears.)
lanitor W. H. Cook.
"Past Regent W. Talbot Pennimnn.
Chas. L. Lindsev,
Secretary F. B. Council, 701, R. A.
We publish to-day ihe address of the
Rev. J. L. Curroll, D. D., delivered at the
memorial celebration on Wednesday;
also the address on the same occasion at
Richmond, Va., by the Rev. Dr. Mennige-
rode, long time Rector of St. Paul's
church, into which Mr. Davis was admit
ted to membership during the period of
his Presidency ; and also the letter of Mr.
Davis to the committee of invitation to
the Fayetteville centennial celebration,
probably the lust written production of
that immortal man.
Spring Contesting with Winter.
Three weeks ago the mercury for sev
eral mornings in succession was below
20, cold enough to kill any living decid
uous vegetation; yet that almond tree
on Bridge street, of which we spoke a
month ago, continues to bloom, and the
ends of the new wood of this year's
growth are covered with green leaves
forced up by these warm December
V. M, C. A. Notice.
There will be a song service followed
by an evangelistic Bible class for men
only at the rooms of the Young Men's
Christian Association. 26 Patton avenue,
Sunday afternoon at 4.30 o'clock.
The subject ofthe Bible study will be:
"What shall I do to be saved." Acts
xvi: 30; iv: 12.
All men are invited to be present.
First Presbyterian Church.
Divine Worship to-morrow (Sunday)
at 11 a. m. and 6.30 p. m. Rev. W. S.
P. Bryan, pastor.
The managers in charge of the Minion
Hospital for the next two weeks are
Mrs. Pulliam and Mrs. Drummond.
Judge John H. Dillon, of Greensboro,
formerly ofthe supreme -court, baa regis
tered at tbe Grand Central.