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DAILY CITIZEN S 1 T P P I MEN T S AT U It DAY, MAY 10, 1800.
I iue last Bounnos rnxAK.
A Duke Snatohe for Throne aud Hit
Wide of tha Hark.
p.o.. nvhniarv U. The French r pin
are growing every year less end less tickle
end flighty and niuro and moresonaible and
olid. They re not ae sentimental as they
ware. The reaponslbilitlcsof a republic have
nivn tliitm dimiitv. A conn d'eUit by a
urlncfliiiB i im longer possible,
Hence the absurd attempt of the young
Duke of Orlt-aiia thin week has ended in a
contemptible lia-co. lie violated the expul-
ion law by Imprudently coming again to
France and ollenng to enter the army con
duct which Is explicitly prohibited by law.
The leheme. whether a boyish freak or a
puerile attempt on the throne, will oesen
mislv nuiikdied. for the scapegrace was yes
terday arraigned, found guilty and sentenced
to two yean' imprisonment. On returning
tntha nmrlenrerie. the audacious duke with
drew the cuiluiiia and saluted the crowd in
rorT r IMM.
the street, which caused considerable tumn't
wnh parti-an yells, till diTed by the
police. Among tho cries, that of " Vive la
reiiublionel" drowned all others. The lie-
public is es nhl shed on eternid fundalioi
and this cumuli: ha not made a rij pie on the
The Pukeof Orleans !a In the direct line of
d.siivni. beina the Kreat grandson of Louis
Pliilh.oe. who Tilled fr.uu the rvvolut on of
IH.-IO till the revolt oflS4. When Louis aft-
ilie.it.Hl he resigned the throne to his g-and-
son, but the bequest resembled that of the
ol.l blacksmith to his son, 'HV,ouO if be
rjin earn it."
The heir thin deslirna'ed h.i waited Ions
for hi inheritance, and a few weeks since be
(the Cunt de I'.iris) re-igued his pretentions
in favor of bis v.ii, the lively duke, who n
now in pri-on for two years, and then he
started for thd'nited States. He has ai rived
In the West ImPe- and will doubtless make
tho tour of the Western Continent. l'im
his arriv.il at r.irto Kico lie c.ible I the (H
leanist leader. "My beurt ia Willi the dear
The C .uiit ! ' T.ir's is a nian past middle
lite. tall, hands me a id stately, and hi- n i
umtion sii'ins 'o be a dec n; one. Paring
the civil war he went to Ame-i. ,t with bis
brother and serve! on JM'h II in s s'.,tr.
Since that time lie his resided in L'lil.ii,
living I lie life o( a gentleman of lei-ti
The young l'uke ..f Orleans, who h.i jut
turned up in I'srn in such a theatrical way,
Is a very fat. lih.ii.lc
younger, with a
face rather like the
Juvenile p irtra't. of
Ixiuis XVI.. and al
together unlike the
sallow young ll.ii.n
parte. Ho is cred
ited villi genuii-e
bravery, which I'h.n
Plon and liis f.imily
are in it overi ii'd. ncl
with; but rill more 7'
imoortaul is the lact rime or nnl len
that he has great wealth at his back. Ills
great uncle, the Duke of Montpeiu'er, who
has lust ilM. letl a oi 'ssai i irun.e in avail
able securities, b 'Sides hil huge estates. It
Isostima e l that the young Oilcan, will get
nearly half of tlii", and his share ! W at
f Jl.oV).' no. Lis quite plblethat this I,
what hassiinel the young man up to n.a
tWesl Vlriiliila's Mm timrnmr.
The contest in W.t V r.-iira lor the gov
ernorsblp was the he ge-t evm kn.iwn in tin.
country. Tl oelwi n to k nhnviu N"
bur. Is, an I it w is not until Kebruai v
l.s. that the lluoitiu
rntion took p I ae
Judge A. Urn -keKii
lug. who a" anar l.tl
lhe..lltee. : a pr ini-
nent lawyer, who ha.
;ent his life In the
Plate. He was born
in Marion county.
Virginia, now V ei
Virginia. In '-f. and
! re. eivod hi imIii. iilimi
In the schools i f the
Old II iiiiinloii. lie
has pMeii,.,.,! Inw since
norm '(nit rtfiisn. Ili Talce he sat in
tlta lau'lsl iture. and for ten year, be was a
KlHta IiiIl-s. lie i largely interested in
minimi and fanning, (i ivernor Wilson, tin
hold-over governor, lefi ten months of tli
two-year term lor iiovernor t leiuing.
Congressman drhiiM' Baca I'rejnitlra,
The llrellest Incideiit In the prevailing nice
war over the negro mvurred when Congre-s-
nian'Miiinmii WingtleldOrliues, ofllie riiurlli
Gmimla district, ro-o from hu tuble in the
dining-room at tha
ltlggi bouse in
toUie olllee, paid tha
bill, and left till
house rearing ha
had been Insulted by
tha presence of a col
ored man at the asm
table with III in. Tha
negro In quest Inn
was H. C. 0. A st
wood. highly culti
from New York and
formerly minister Ul
T. w. flat MM.
Han Domingo. He and Mr. Nathaniel Mr
Knv. the well known New Yurk ihipbulldor,
had taken seals In the dining room, Mr. A it-
wood as Mr. McKay a guest, when Mr.
r: rimes entered.
It is a long while alnoa any fits, ha, been
made over the civil rights of a negro and the
sr.lr runs, a aeiisnt o'- McKav hu a cntl'
tract f r public works In Son Domingo and
A.twnml had helned secure It for him, Slid
the two are together olten. McKay sismds a
gissl deal nf time III the capltsl prueectitlng
a Inrge clidni against ihe government for
utra services In repairing vossels during tin
" I am surprised," said One Southern mem
ber, who took the thing a big ;oxe on
iirliiina. 11 1 can Itiiaalne how a white man
nr a necrn mlffht llllstlo himself out of a hotel
nthcr IIiiiii sit down near Nat JicMiy, uui
ho other thing Is only funny."
Tlmt some fashlonaWa peopU hav
vary Utile real eetate left to mortgage.
Tliat tho new crop of ilang seems to
be making groat headway la "society.
That one of the place of fashionable
winter rosort will be the Adirondack.
That Ihe anxiety of some parent to
get I heir daughter married I painful.
That the new fashionable high hat U
more generally trikuig than becoming,
That the continental Jacket I the very
lau-st thing out in fashionable wrap.
That 111 reign of plush In fashionable
homes secni to have broken out eg sin.
IIOUSLS OF PUBLIC MEN.
THE HOMES OF FOUR WELL KNOWN
Senator Heagan Has a i nannies
Kcslilclice Ki-Npeakir Carlisle anil
Senator. Vuurheea anil Hearst I.lve In
Washington A California"'' I'aluce.
(Copyright by Atnerleau Press Association.
r , one of tho hills which Mi ni tne
icoliroilc 1 ID I II' lllOUUWllil in ' ,,.v
stands t lie pu-turoue residence of Sen
ator John II. Hongan, T l''""8' -l "lm
away can bo seen tin !"' n1','" "wn
from which t'no intiimtniii takes it name,
while on either hide, stretching further
SKNVMII KFAOAS'S KFSIlU'MT..
than the eve call reach, are the cattle
stocked plains. In the rear stands the
mountain itself, clothed in a tattered
garment i f sweet siuellniK pmes mid re
Jars. A I. velii r sjHit fur a homo would
be hard to li :d. Mr. Kenyan purcliiisi it
the laud at the close of the civil war.
tthat time the place was entirely un-
illiprove.l. ille seuiuur i nose iv mi -count
of its picturesque siirroundiinrs.
He built the In him- pictnreil nert'. piaceu
a part of the farm of bud acri" under
liltivatioti, stocKea tne rest wmi ic.vis
niiloiuM An Til Keats and then went
to coliBri'ss. Mtice. lie mis roiiuiiwu i"
add to the improvements of his home,
until now he possesses one of the pret
tiest funis in the state. A portion of
the estate. '.'Ii acres in extent, covereil
with alua! de tnnlicr, has Iwen fenced
oil us :i pari!.
A ll.tle ciivk wimis in ni u oui iimoii
the tr.s-s. and hen- and there the senator
has thrown across it rustic hrids'es.
The house is nearly square mi'l a IK'CU-
liar fact about it is that every one of tho
ten rooms it contains has three win
dows, nil the front is a law square
rcli. with a irallerv ubove. Lmiu' wun
hails est lid through the entire leuj,-tli
of the house on both the ep;T and
l.m-..r rt.s.rs. The upper hall toiininati s
in u pillerv at the back similar to the
ima in IVoiit. The senatoi's shvpini;
oi, iriii.. iit in the one on t lie comer ot tin
grouml liner to the left of the front en
trance, while his offloo and library are
immediately opposite hcmss tne hall.
The flat root is tinned and palisiilisi
and was th-lavorite play'rniinil ot tin-
s. nat. r's cliildn n before tin y m ew up.
From it a inau'iiiticeiit view ot the sur-
rotindiini reuiilry can be obtann-1. inn
house li lsautiliilly sha.li d with cedars.
Imrd's-ks mid piqs r mnlherrys. hi the
left is a small llower nardcu.of which
the M'nati.r is very fond. But he is par
ticularly proud of bis orchard, over
which !' wat.'hes with (Treat can-, prun
ing h.'i-o and j.'iaf;inir then'. Nothing
pleases him belter than to exorcise hi
skill in tin- latter branch of the nursery
TltP. Ih'MI. of ). 'I. I'Altl lll.P..
In the park, of which mention hns
la-en made, are thns' large spring, fully
sit feet iii diameter. me "f these is a
snliihnr spring, the waters of which are
coiiMilered valuable for unslieiual pur
Almost evervisiiiv wim nas visiieu
" . . . . ... i
Washington rifeiillv knows tin hand
noino reslilei.ro or Ui'prcscninuvo jonn
Uriffon Curli-le. of Kentucky, Is-causc
for the last six years during which he
was sneaker of tho house of represent a,'
Uvea it was the center of congii-ssiotinl
social life. It Is altnat"d oil the most
fashionable part of k street. It ha no
florid ornamentation, either externally
or internally, but distihiys an air of quiet
elegnneo and rcHneiiictit. Its front is nf
dull red enlivened ny wmie stone mm-
mlngs, and a buy projection extend
through the rutin' three stories to the
mansard naif. The houso stands hark
fmm tho stni't in a little strip of green
im the left of tho entrance hall, which
la reached by a flight of stone ste, is the
reception room, whirli, divided half way
by hanging irtlens.extends through tho
entire depth or tno House. 1110 anov
formed by ihe bay window ia usually
filled witii Plant and pnliu on Tura
daya, when Sirs. Carlisle receives guest.
The furnishings are all in exquisite taste.
Turkish rugs rover tho flisir, and pile of
soft cushions afford the most tempting
and luxurious of lounges, Mr. Carlisle
I very fond, of a quiet game of card
with a few Intimate friends, nnd on these
occasion tho back part of the reception
room 1 need. Mr. Carlisle, A lady f
rare intelligence nnd aagacity, i qulto a
good judge of picture, and tho wall of
tho house are ornamontod with some e
quUito apeeimcn. Mr. Carlisle had
very pleasant hoinn in (Jovinglon, Ky ,
nntil recently, but, the greater part of hi
timn being T.t in Washington, he con
cluded toM'U that and reside permanently
at the national capital.
The residence of Senator Danlol W.
Voorhee, of Tcrre Ilauto, Ind., tho
"Tall Sycamore of tho Wabash," I a
pretty, throe tory brick at 11)00 N street.
It l not a large house, for lino the
doath of Mrs, Voorhee the senator'
family consist of only himself and
daughter. Tho principal feature of 1U
extornul appearance ia that ell the win-
dows and doorways are Hrehoa, mi'l tho
keystones niul comer pieces are blocks of
white sandstone which stand out with
(Treat boldness from the red lirick front,
lusidu the house is comfortably furnish
od, the library, where tho senator spends
most of liis 'time, being nil especially
pleasant room. Mr. Voorheesis one ol
tho lute inventors in Washington real
estate, having purchased this house about
a year ago.
One of the most recent additions to
the list of handsome dwellings in Wash
ington is the residence of Senator Ooorgo
Hearst, of San Francisco. It occupies
tho triangle caused by the intersection of
New Hampshire avenue and Twentieth
si lift, and was finished in time tube
opened with a inusicalo on tho evening
of the Mi-t'areme. It is built of pressed
brick finished with white stone, and
ranks high among the largest and finest
houses in tho city. With tho interior
furnishings, the house is said to have
cost a round half million of dollars. The
front entrance is on New Hampshire
avenue, and is approached through a
handsome stone porch with two rounded
the Moorish style of arcni-
WltKKK SKSATOK Viiilliltl'.KS I.IVKS.
Klalsirale carvimrs in the stone jtreut
lv enhance the beauty of this entrance.
hiey are pl.-uiil where they irive an ef
fect of richness without ls'iii.t ohtnuive,
It' the exterior is handsome the interior
approaches the realization of a poetic
iln-iim. Arc utis't ana niriiisiii i-s niiae
wen (riven carte blanche, and they pro
dnced a ls'autiful interior. Ily the t.u-te
ful selirtiou and disposition of tatstries,
col .rs. tints, wis nls and designs etu h
room has Iss n endoweii with an individ
nahtvof its own. Nowhere is there all
overiiliniidance of decoration, but n r
tined neatness perviidninnilhiinmnu7.es
the whole. Scattered throughout tne
lioiw urn a inrue ininiber of curios
if too Kiftivuth. Sixteenth and N'V
nt.ith cent niies, which were c.lliH'ti i
I vMi-s. Hearst ditiiiirf n ns'ent tour in
nope. I'll'' of those, an nntiqiie Hutch
liiin-t, has funiished the inspiration for
tiie dining hall, which is huished in the
vie of the Hutch renaissance, the deep-
! colored old oak woods harinoiiiziii,'
with the c.ibini t.
The ceiiinu is of openwork beams
erosiie: so as to term square paiu is, inn
interstices and the walls being covered
with siaiiik il leallier. The ilinini: table
haiidwunely carvnl, nud at Its lull ca-
laclty is twenty-six lel t long, me re-
'pti.'ii risiiu is as liKlit as ine inning
room is ilark. Jlie wans are coverou
with blue silk bris'nt.d and the finish
ings are in silver In the style of Marie
Antoinette. An exqtiisiie. iiesiK-n m
plastic work rovers tin- rolling, while the
windows nre ilial'l wnn lace ciirianis
which cost Tl"u a pair. The drawing
r.H.ni adjoining is somewhat similar.
I lion ;h done in pink and gold.
Out the feature of the house is the
L-n-at ball risnn on th north side and
is'ciipying fully one-half of thefiM Ihsir.
It Is n inagnitn eiit npartineiit wuu neco
rnttons in the Ityantine style mid lilted
in olive, gold and li.-ht brown. Ilcanti
ful and costly tup.'stncs cover the upis-r
walls, und the soft tilirali f light
thronu'li the east windows hi.;h in the
walls lends a charm altogether elusive
and iinli-seribable. hie pbs f the
ias-stry disphivi'd in this risnn. ineastir
iler only three feet by live, tis.k the first
prin' nt tlie recen' I'aris exisitioii und
cunt l,."Hi. It n prewnts a group of
Cupids annuel a fire and the tints are
' eS J Xiaft
KKNATi iK Hf.ARST' PAI.ACK.
For the entertainment nf guests thcro
Is a large siipHr room in the basement
Mulshed InCalifornui red wood, tho Bona.
tor' favoriro material. It ha a fine
mosaic flisir and an oaken mantel filled
with mosaic tile. The other nsim of
the house, thirty-five in number, are of
tho f nine nature a those drscrilieil, and
am replete with evidmico of good tuste
Hp.nry E. Eland.
Kinllo A metnlllo enmisisltlon of a bluish
black hue extensively employed for Inlaying
Hammered Hllrer-Hllver with a surf ace
roitinwd of numerous facet iiindo by blows
from a bummer.
Damaskeened Hllver Silverware Inrnistwl
with thread!, lumps or other forms of another
tnetaj which Is fuaisl on tbe surface.
Full Rellof Httiiipie or standing out
boldly, so the whole form Is illsrernalil. Full
relief Is sometimes called lailri relief,
rrol Ollt This slgnlrlei silver partially
glided, or an article of silver gold plated on
certain partem the ornamentation to heighten
Btnn Finish- A surface polish produced by
rubbing with rut led atone Is termed stone
finish. It I dull, and a fin grain will be ob
served upon olou illumination,
Hllver DepositA method of decorating
nim-metalhe in r face with silver, by flint
ting tbe parts to las so ornamented with a
dim and then nilimlHliif tb article to an
electro plater's bath,
Ollt and Hllver (Hit Ollt silver means sil
ver plated with gold. Tills Is accomplished
either by electro plating or by tb fire gilt or
mernury prooaas, Silver gilt meau gold
plating on a silver I usee.
Undercutting Cuttlngaway from thbody
of a vassal tb point of a raised leaf, spear of
ma or other object forming a part of the
ornamentation, and curling It outward to
render the effect more reaiiiuo.
BY ORDER OF TUH CZAR.
NOTED 80CIM-IST IS ALLOWED
TO REVISIT RUSSIA.
The t iiiisual Favor Nlmnil m'ru'
Klii-vlteh, Hie Veil Kuuwn Agitator of
New Vork lily-The llaiuantio Tareer
of Mine. Sllcvlti'h.
The UuHsian uovernment recently did
n tliiuu wholly outside its usual Hues or
policy, and not at all in Keeping wim
what is generally supposed to lie its nn-
'hniiging atutndo towaru an sunjecw
who have antajroiii zed by word or deed
the autocratic role of the czar.
It Kruuted permission to Sorglus t,.
Sheviteh, the widely known boclallstio
leader of New York city, to revisit mo
land of his birth.
When this fact liecamo known It was
made tho basis for various sorts of ru
mors, conjectures and romances. Nearly
all of rtlievitch's co -laborers wondered
whv he had been accorded this unheard
of privilege, and some of them accen
tuated their queries witn remaias hiiu-
SI III lit 8 K. SMKVITi ll.
eating suspicion and doubt. Was the
ne-itator alter all all enemy ill the camp.
a friend of absolutism, an emissary of
the third section, a salaried detective
who had ended his work and was going
ivovoinl the seas to receive thewagisof
his double dealing? The idea seemed too
nreii'i-lernus for Mief, gained little cur-
roiiev, and wherever suggested met w ith
Next it was announced that 'Comrade
S'ririus" had sccnreilconsoiit to his home
going in order that he might take pos
session legally of n vast estate to which
he had f.dl' ii heir. A supplementary as
sertion ih-lan-il that the estate would be
tinned into iiish as soon as tsissible, and
the ciitim sum devoted to the cause of
Sociali-ni. This story, In the course of
its rounds, secured a few frills of orna
mentation, absurd yet attractive and
pleasing to the public eye. They are
hardly worth more than passing notice,
if even that, yit it is priqier to state
briefly that, despite n-port to the con-
trarv. Sheviteh is not a relative of the
rzar". dis'S not la long to a princely fam
ily, never held a diplomatic) position nnd
ciin lav claim to no immense inheritance.
Tho is'i-init for his visit to Russia was
grunted at tho solicitation of Ins eld
est limthi-r. S'luitor Ivan Sheviteh, of St.
Petersburg, who desires his eo-oa'rution
in the sciileiiioiit of their mother's es
tate. Mine. Sheviteh died seven year
MMK. IIKI.KNK SIIKVlTl II.
ago, leaving proHTty valued nt about
ll.i.Ooo. Tins is now in available torin
and win be dividi-d by her three sons,
Ivan, Dimitri and S'rgins. ThcSocinlist
leader will probably go to Russia at an
early day, intend to his business, get his
money, and depart without molestation.
There Is no ground on which to Imso the
fear that ho will lie arrested the moment
he crosses the frontier, for his brothers
n ro high in favor, ami Dimitri holds the
distinguished position of minister to
hhevitch was Wn in 18IH and re
reived his education nt St. Petersburg
and Btiittgait. In ISO be became a
government clerk and held the position
until WO, when he wna coiii'lled to
leave the country hceaiiennf his political
view. Ho came to America in 1H77,
and has since then la-en known a a
leader of the Sa-ialista. He i a tall,
powerfully built man, with typical Rus
sian features. An extract from some of
hi recent utterances will give au idea of
the views he champions:
"Hoeialistn la n universal element of
octal development, it i a great and
verv lunular mistake to stsLakof French
termini, Russian or American Hocial-
isin. It Is tirortsolv as If any one should
sieak of I-'renrh, German, Russian or
American steam power or electricity,
.Modern Socialism is not an abstract
school of thought bom in the mind of
one or several men, but It is simply the
result of existing ecommilo condition
which are felt by all those who Buffer
from thein, and undertxid by many,
Those who understand them are Social
ist, and their desire la to limit the ag
gressive power of capital and increase
the defensive force of Inlxir. Tho former
means the assumption by the community
of all such function as ure monopolie in
their nature, and the adoption of a sys
tem of progressive taxation on land and
Income. The latti-r uieam all uch
measnroa a can proinnto organiiaMon,
education and the economic standard of
life for tlm working cloMre.
For many .reasons Hhovitch moat be
regarded nuaatrikisigBiid Hensatloualflg
tiro In the tinnorant of Nineteenth oon-
tnry existence. Ill achievement are
those nf a worker. writer and a think
. itn nonvnv to Tjonulo who hear him
anlmproasionof eteadfaet purpose and
tern earnostne, bnt no uggetionof
aontimont. vnt indirectly ho is identified
with a love tragedy that at tho time of
lie nnmirronce airiUted Ktmipe. 'ineai-
fair took nliuie while he was a student,
and when ita detail reachod hi ear he
never dreamed that tho heroine wouia
Uter on became hi wife.
In 1809 the Mr. Sheviteh of today was
Hnlotia vnn DoennlgoR. a beautiful girl
juit buddiny Into womanhood and the
betrothed of .Innco von Kacowitz, n
WalliKhian of noble birth. At iiernn
Bhe met Ferdinand Lmoalle, tno tamer 01
modern Sis-ialism, They foil in love al
most on sight, and for nearly two yeara
strovo to overcome tho olwiacics to muir
union. Finally the young lady s parents
adopted seven' measures and induced her
to send to basauo a leueroi reuum i-
ntion. He rospomieil ny ciiauenKinK
....1 m... ..1.1 .m,i1.., mill ileelmeil TI10
lainei. i' eo : i
,Io..1 on account of aire, but the gauntlet
was picked up by Helene's fiance,
I.iLsalle and von Rnrowitz met ill
August. IHU'I, and the former fell mor
tally wounded. The sensation causou
bv the irreat Sisdalist's death had hardly
died out when Miss von Doenniges be
came tho wife of his slayer. The union,
however, was a brief one for tho mm
bnnd expired a few months later. Then
.Mine. Uacowitz sought tlio siugo, linn
gained considerable esteem us an actress.
On one of her tours she met nncvurii,
acquaintance ripened into affection, and
they became uian and wife.
The views she imbibed trom insane
have been deepened to absolute convic
tion by the teachings of her present hus
band, and Mine. Sheviteh is undoubtedly
as able an advocate of Socialistic doc
trine as any male agitator of the day.
She still retains much of the beauty for
which she wns famous a little less than
a generation ago.
THE FIGHTING ISLANDERS.
Cretans lie solved to lie. 1st Further Turk
The Cretans are again cngnged in n
struggle for liberty. The mountaineers
who occupy the central portion of the
island declare tnat they have las-n driven
to desperation by the Turks, who desire
lo re-establish the unlimited Moslem rule
of the last centiirv. The insurn'ction
has raised a very embarrassing question
for the great tsiweru of Europe. They
cannot roiitiwt the right of the Turkish
government to suppress a rebellion, and
tliev think that in case of their interfer
ence the sultan might, as on a fortne
svasion, up!'al to Hussia for help nn
ihus precipitate a conflict that woul
convulse Europe and Asia. The Turks,
undoubtedly, have a hard task before
them. The Cretan revolt of X cost
them llii.ntill lives nnd .hi,i)ihi,ihhi, nnd
even with this outlav the noininal luns.
tersof the i-laiid sei-ured not a victory
but a compromise.
Nicolas Christodoulaki, the leader of
the Cretans, is one of the most famous
of insurgent chiefs. When a young man
he tiHik part in the outbreak of a qnarte
of a century ago, and thia established his
reputation as a guerrilla captain. He is
now -P.) years of age, full of tire, and am
bitious for another rhance totmi't the
hated Moslem on the field of battle. The
CKKTAN IlKFT.NUINO A PASS.
irregular warfare In which the islanders
engage make them as diflicult to con
quer as wire the A parlies of the south
west. The Cretan knows every bypath
nud pass in his loved mountain land, nnd
nt each he may Is? expected to make
fierce resistance to the invader.
Ka-rnninilasloners In Washington.
It is a well known fact in Washington
that a number of former commissioner
of ia-nsioiis, of lands and of patent aVe
acquiring riches if not fame as practition
ers In the field in which they once had
official reiirn. Among these are ex-Pat
ent Commissioner Dyrenfurth, who has a
patent uttomey business which pay him
twice ns much a a cabinet ofllcer' till
ary. Soon anotherex-stntesuian will em
hark in the Mime business, Ex-Patent
Commissioner and now Congressman
Uiitterworth, of Ohio, a bright and
manly a man a there is in the house,
says he is tti poor to remain in congress,
and he intends going into the patent busi
ness in order to acquire some money for
The Jules nf tho tulip In old times was sup
posed to 1st a cure for stiff nock.
The tulip Is a native nf the Levant, Lin-
naiussnysuf Cappadoeia, nnd Is supimsnl by
some Ui lie the Illy of the field spoken of by
The Turks ale said to Is) esim-lnlly fond of
the tulip, and that the red sort is used us an
emblem by which a lover makes known his
passion for his mistress.
The tulip was first, made known by botan
ical description and figure in I.V.U by Conrad
(leeanor, a famous Hwlss naturalist, who was
torn in Zurich, March VKl, inia
Early In the spring the Turks oelebrate
what they call the Keost or Tulips, ami In
olden times In the sultan's seraglio the day
was observed with great pomp and iplcnds-.
Borne varieties of the tulip have been sold
for more than their weight In gold, single
bulla) bringing as much as U,(K) florins, a kind
uouied "Semper Augustus" bringing that
For morn than WK) year the tulip ha tieen
one of the flowers to recetvo special attention
at the hands of the gardener, till now the va
rieties are legion and are probably more di
versified lu coloring than any other genua of
Scientist declare that, veils nre Injurious to
tb eyesight, and lllll'khis says It's a fact ; that
there la notiilng harder nn a man's eye than
a veil whloh links as if there war a pretty
fao behlud tt. Exchange,
THE MAKING OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
An Art That Will Prosper Only by the
t'se of Proper Methods,
The history of engraving has not been
a nieord of continuous and uninterrupted
progress. There have lieen periods of ad
vancement and periods of reaction era
when pictures outranked print in popu
lar esteem, and other eras when the peo
ple would havo nono of thera. For the
,eW,,r,1 strides as well m tho ones for-
wanl the engravers were themselvee
chiefly resistible. When they did good
work they were Iieiu in n-speci, mm i"
market for their effort was only limited
by their capability of production.
Ul.AIWTONE, ZINC PltOI'KSS.
I Marie III 1 hour 16 llllliiites.l
Naturallv, tho demand brought sup-
t.. ..1 !l 1 .ll..o
ply, llllt It liroilglll also rvii nun
t,,r. Seeing the profitable field spread
out before them for occupancy, a horde
f iiretender rushed in to share tne
emolument of trained nrtists and con
scientious workers. As a result the
print shops and bookstalls speedily filled
np with siiecimenaof engraving not only
mediocre but absolutely atrocious; the
buyers closed their purses, the interest
in illustrations languished, nna it toon a
generation or two of patient, almost un
recognized, toil to secure a now stannara
of excellence, nnd ft fresh recognition
from the public.
This has been, in largo measure, the
recurrent history of eiigruving since the
first wiHulcut left tho artist' hands
early In the Fifteenth century, and it
seems fair and timely to inquire whether
or not another of the iHriialicnl crises ifl
uow impending. Although the demand
for illustrations ha reached larger pro
portions than ever before known, it doe
not seem that the old time collapse is to
follow, for the n'asou that the call for
pictures is legitimato and is nu-eting
with a legitimate rwponse. If harm i
to ensue nt nil, it will lie Iwrnnw of the
unwise use of method to accomplish
ends. A pnK-ess that i an admirable
medium for producing maps, diagrams,
charts, arrhitectunU design and the
like, may not lie of tho slightest valno
in the projs'r presentation of a portrait,
and, of course, ought to be used only
within Ihe limits of actual availability.
The danger, if any exists, lies in the un
wise tendency to go beyond these
QLApXToNK, (HAI.K I'KOfKssi.
(Maile In I hour 4S inlnul" l
Undoubtedly the most excellent nwult
yet obtained in the way of newspaper
illustration have been by means of photo
zlno etching, a process brought to the
highest limit of present discoverable at
tainment by Mr. S. H. Morgan, chief of
the biiP'BU of illustration of the Ameri
can Press Association. Many of the ad
mirable cut that have npiieared in thi
paper are the work of artists employed
In hi deiiartment.
Some time ngo Tho Journalist, of New
York city, inaugurated a discussion of
the relative merit of the chalk and zino
processes. From the columns of that
paiier are reproduced two specimen
heads of Gladstone. Each i by an ac
knowledged rxia.-rt In his line, and a
comparison of the two will show easily
which system I the better and more
likely to gain and keep for engraving a
permanent and honorable position.
Leader of a farmers' Movement.
A timn who is coming into prominence
of late among tho agricultund classe of
the United State t Mr. C. J. Llndley,
of Bond county, Ills., president of the
State Assembly of the Farmer' Mutual
Benefit assix-lntlonof Illinois. Mr. LinoJey
was born In IK'iT, and since 1HH0 ha been
county judge of Bond county. HI farm
and to this he de
votes all the time
not required by
hi duties aa a
tion the Judge re
cently aldi "It
wa organized fur
the purpose of re
C. J. UNI)' KY.
dressing tbe wrong of farmer. It is
not intended to interfere with any legiti
mate business, or injure in any way those
connected with othor industries."
Not the Person 11 wanted.
"You must sisMik to father," laid Mabel,
when that matter of fact young man bad
told her all.
"But It Isn't your father I want to marry,'
was the prompt rejoinder. Washington Post.
Tho Lnver'a Cholre.
Btgktaecra on the railway lines
All illlTcr greatly In their Uatea
One for Ihe vnrilant meadow pines.
Another fnr the desert wastes;
Borne think the giant nioiiiitatns fair,
And some tho value In venture drees,
But every newly wediled pair
Will soy they tike the tunnel best.
DEATH'S SUDDEN SUMMONS.
It Cam to Senator Berk la a Washing.
ton Hallway Depot,
The andden denth of Senator Beck, of
Kentucky, in the depot of tho Iltiltiiuore
and Potoniao railmad nt Waahington
the other day, remove from tho arena
of American politics a strong and inter-
JAMKH Bl'HNtK BFX'K.
eating figure, and the place where hia de
miso occurred recalls a tragedy of the
past. Within ft few feet of where pa
ralysis of the heart struck the nenator
down a little brass star in the floor and
a small marble tablet on the wall mark
the spot of Onrfield' assassination.
James lJurnto Berk wn a native of
Scotland, having lieen lairn at Duuifrie
shire Feb. 11), IH28, but his life from youth
on was spent in America. He located at
Lexington, Ky Is-came a lawyer and
achieved success at the bar. Ho first ap
peared in public life twenty-eight year
ago as an unsuccessful raiuliilnUi for etnte
senator. In INi7 his congressional career
liegan. From that tiuio until 1H7S he
was a representative. In Wo heentend
the senate, and at the time of hi death
wn enioving tho honor of a third elec
tion. At the outset of hi career Mr.
Beck wo a Whiff, but alter the Know
Nothing party disappeared he joined the
Democrats and aftliliated with them for
the remainder of hia daya. The genoral
esteem in which he was held is shown by
the remark of a political opponent Ho
said: "The three working member of
congress are now gone Representative
Kelley and Randall and Senator Beck."
Oregon's (lovernor Renomlnateil-
8yivester Pennoyer haa been chosen
by the Democrats of t h-cgon to head thoir
state ticket in the Juno election. Ho i
just closing a four years' term a gover
nor, and his adherent hope to continue
him in offlce dur
ing four year
more. There is
lens money than
honor in the dis
tinction, for the
annual salary of
executive is only
never was born
at (i rot on, Tomp
kins comity, X.
V .nrlv ultv
' flilVEHSOR PENNOYKK.
year ago. lie
graduated from tho law school of Hnr
vanl in IH54, and soon lifter went to the
Pacific coast. Finding that lnmls?r paid
lh?tter than law, he locked up his diploma
and went into hnaines. As a result he
i uow one of the largest saw mill owner
In the state.
Easy Way to Vmf a nebs.
Mr. Cohu, of New Vork, ued Mint
Howard for fdlft, the balance due for
pair of diamond ear ring. At the trial
the pretty defendant wore what the
plaintiff thought were the gems on
which he had a claim. He offered to
dismiss the suit if Miss Howard would
give them to him. She did bo, and
walked out of court just a Mr. (John
discovered that the supposed diamonda
were rhineetonea, worth, at a liberal es
timate, about fi. He, of course, was by
no means happy, but his debtor felt in
the best of spirits.
Ttie Preeldent-Kleet of Pent.
The recent presidential election in Pern
is said to have been one of the moat ex
citing ever known in the history of that
eree, the present
for a second term
la-cause of a con
bition, but he and
hi adherent sup
ported the candi
dacy of Col. Re
in i g i o Morales
triumphed after a
bitter contest. Bermudez, who is M
year old, ha passed nearly all hi man
hood life in the army or in the service of
the government He will take the presi
dential chair in June.
What the Viennese Are llolng,
The life and habit of the citizen of
Vienna are yearly distiluyed by the city
government in a book of remorseless and
uncompromising statistic. It appears
from the reconi for lsroi that tnere were
18,600 legitimate and II "WO Illegitimate
birth in the city. In consequence of the
raining of the price of cigar by the gov
ernment 12,000,000 fewer cigar wore
smoked than in the preceding twelve-
mouth, Tho Viennese got oven with the
state, however, by amoking cigarettes.
the consumption of which vg increased
by 34,000,000, Two hundred and ninety
six person left the Roman Catholio
church and 207 the Jewish. Sixty
adopted the Hebrew faith, and 130 out
loose from religion altogether..
Never Too Late to Mend.
When a man arrive at middle age
without choosing a wife it is generally
safe to list him among the confirmed old
bachelor. But the rule, if it is a rule,
was broken tho other day by Ernest
Trippersee, of Jersey City. At the age
of W he laid siege to the heart of Widow
Btolnbauin, a itetd old matron of 77.
She could not roslat his ardent wooing,
and they two were made one fleah by
Judge Ehrlloh, of New York city.
Ami They Matte a p.
They had a quarrel and the sent
H la letters berk next nay I
Bis ring and all his pmaanu want
To htm without delay,
"Pray send my kliae hark to me!"
He wrotei "oould you forget themf
Bhe answered spoedlljr that he
Must oome and get than.
Hia Charlotte (who ha 10.000 a rear)
Really, Mr. Hunter, some on else hu my
Mr. Bunter-Woll, that ought to satisfy
him I will be oou tented with tb reat.-English
Joke la Chatter.